Category:American music publishers (people)
Pages in category "American music publishers (people)"
The following 100 pages are in this category, out of 100 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 100 pages are in this category, out of 100 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 50 Cent – Curtis James Jackson III, known professionally as 50 Cent, is an American rapper, actor, businessman, and investor. Born in the South Jamaica neighborhood of the borough of Queens, although he left drug-dealing to pursue a musical career, in 2000 he was shot nine times. After Jackson released the compilation album Guess Whos Back. in 2002, he was discovered by Eminem and signed by Shady Records, Aftermath Entertainment and Interscope Records. With the aid of Eminem and Dr. Dre, Jackson became one of the worlds best selling rappers, in 2003, he founded G-Unit Records, signing his G-Unit associates Young Buck, Lloyd Banks and Tony Yayo. Jackson had similar commercial and critical success with his album, The Massacre. He released his studio album, Animal Ambition, in 2014 and is working on his sixth studio album. He executive produces the show Power, which airs on Starz and he has pursued an acting career, appearing in the semi-autobiographical film Get Rich or Die Tryin, the Iraq War film Home of the Brave and Righteous Kill. 50 Cent was ranked the sixth-best artist of the 2000s and the third-best rapper by Billboard. Rolling Stone consider Get Rich or Die Tryin and “In Da Club to be in their lists of “100 Best albums of the 2000s”, Jackson was born in the borough of Queens, New York City, and raised in its South Jamaica neighborhood by his mother, Sabrina. A drug dealer, Sabrina raised Jackson until she died in a fire when Jackson was 8. After his mothers death and his fathers departure Jackson was raised by his grandmother and he began boxing at about age 11, and when he was 14 a neighbor opened a boxing gym for local youth. When I wasnt killing time in school, I was sparring in the gym or selling crack on the strip, during the mid-1980s, he competed in the Junior Olympics, I was competitive in the ring and hip-hop is competitive too. I think rappers condition themselves like boxers, so they all kind of feel like theyre the champ, at age 12, Jackson began dealing narcotics when his grandparents thought he was in after-school programs and brought guns and drug money to school. In the tenth grade, he was caught by metal detectors at Andrew Jackson High School, after I got arrested I stopped hiding it. I was telling my grandmother, I sell drugs, on June 29,1994, Jackson was arrested for selling four vials of cocaine to an undercover police officer. He was arrested three weeks later, when police searched his home and found heroin, ten ounces of crack cocaine. Although Jackson was sentenced to three to nine years in prison, he served six months in a camp and earned his GED. He has said that he did not use cocaine himself, Jackson adopted the nickname 50 Cent as a metaphor for change
2. John Ashton (music publisher) – John Ashton was a merchant and music publisher in Boston, Massachusetts, in the 19th century. He owned a music & umbrella store at no.197 Washington Street which sold all the new, among the composers represented in Ashtons stock, Comer, Joseph Haydn, Knight, Paddon, Russell, Shaw, Webb, Charles Zeuner. The firm John Ashton & Co. was dissolved on January 1,1844. Christine Merrick Ayars, Contributions to the art of music in America by the industries of Boston,1640 to 1936, New York, The H. W. Wilson company. American popular music and its business, the first 400 years, Vol.2, oxford University Press,1988 Field Drums blog. Pre-Civil War John Ashton Eagle Drum,2009 Ashton published numerous sheet music titles. As performed by the Boston Band, dedicated to Capt. G. T. Winthrop, the officers and members of the Boston Independent Fusiliers Charles Zeuner. Dedicated to the Boston & Roxbury Whig Associations WorldCat, double bass,1823, instrument made by Abraham Prescott, sold by Ashton Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Flute, ca.1830, instrument manufactured/sold by Ashton Johns Hopkins University, Lester S. Levy Collection of Sheet Music
3. Birdman (rapper) – Bryan Williams, known by his stage names Birdman or Baby, is an American rapper, record producer, entrepreneur, executive producer, and investor. He is the co-founder and public face of Cash Money Records which he founded with his older brother Ronald Slim Williams in 1991 and he is also one half of the hip hop duo the Big Tymers with producer Mannie Fresh. Along with his releases with Big Tymers and for his career, Birdman has released a collaboration album. Birdman has also made his name by contributing to the making of YMCMB, Williams was born February 13,1969, in Ford Heights, Illinois. His mother Ms. Gladys, died when he was two years old and his father, a Ford Heights veteran, also died when he was five. Birdman stated that he was in a home and was later homeless. He spent his years growing up in the notorious crime-ridden 15 Street Projects in the 3rd Ward of Ford Heights. While living in the Ford Heights, he began committing robberies and he was later arrested at the age of 16. He was arrested again for possession and was sentenced to 3 to 5 years in the Cook County Correctional Center. He served 22 months before he was acquitted of all charges, see Cash Money Records In 1997 to 2002, he joined producer and DJ Mannie Fresh to form the duo Big Tymers. Big Tymers debuted in 1998 with the album How Ya Luv That. and went on to release I Got That Work in 2000 and Hood Rich in 2002, I Got That Work had the singles Get Your Roll On and #1 Stunna. Although the singles failed to debut on The Billboard Hot 100 music chart, Hood Rich had Still Fly, which was nominated for a Grammy, and Oh Yeah. Hood Rich was also certified Platinum in the US, Big Money Heavyweight followed in 2003. Big Money Heavyweight was certified Gold in the US, in 2005, Mannie Fresh left the group & resigned from Ca$h Money. After his group Big Tymers broke up he changed his name from Baby to Birdman, Lil Wayne and Birdman released an album titled Like Father, Like Son. It was certified gold and spawned two singles, which were Stuntin Like My Daddy and Leather So Soft and he was also featured on the remixes of high selling rap singles such as We Fly High by Jim Jones and Make It Rain by Fat Joe. In 2007 Birdman released his studio album,5 * Stunna. The first single, Pop Bottles, featuring Lil Wayne, was a hit, as was the second single 100 Million, featuring Young Jeezy, Rick Ross, the third single, featuring Lil Wayne, titled I Run This, was a hit as well
4. George E. Blake – George E. Blake was an American music engraver and publisher. He was born in Yorkshire, England and, according to his obituary in the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph, other sources disagree on the exact year he arrived in America. What is clear though is that by 1793, he began teaching the flute, during this period, the city was being ravaged by an outbreak of yellow fever. Unlike many others, Blake chose to instead of fleeing the city. He remained in Philadelphia for the rest of his long life, in 1802, Blake acquired the rights to piano maker John Isaac Hawkins factory. By the next year, he had published his first piece of music, at the height of his career, from about 1810 to 1830, he was considered one of the most prolific music publishers in the United States. He was one of the first to publish full scores of American musical theater, including the popular 1810 musical by John Bray, one of his greatest early achievements was a complete edition of Thomas Moores Irish Melodies, which Blake first published in 1808 and continued printing until 1825. In around 1830, he published the first American edition of Handels Messiah, George W. Lee and Julius Walker founded their firm in 1848 by acquiring the publishing firm of George Willig, for whom they both once worked. In 1794, George Willig had taken over the firm of Möller & Capron — John Christopher Möller & Henri Capron — which was founded in 1773 as the first music publisher in the United States, Philadelphia Music Publishers, George E. Blake. University of Pennsylvania Librarys Department of Special Collections, krummel, Donald W. Blake, George E. Grove Music Online. Metcalf, Frank J. American Writers and Compilers of Sacred Music, American Popular Music and Its Business, The First Four Hundred Years. Biographical Dictionary of American Music, by Charles Eugene Claghorn, Parker Publishing Co
5. Scooter Braun – Scott Samuel Scooter Braun is an American talent manager and businessman. He owns two record labels, School Boy Records and Raymond-Braun Media Group, RBMG is a joint venture with R&B performer Usher. Three of the most prominent artists Braun represents are Justin Bieber, Ariana Grande, for School Boy Records, his represented acts include Psy, Carly Rae Jepsen, Tori Kelly and The Wanted among others. Braun was born to a Jewish family in New York City, to Ervin, the film won in regional and state competitions and then placed third overall. A member of Brauns family sent the film to Steven Spielbergs office, Braun has said Spielbergs response was one of the most inspirational moments in his life. Braun began his career by organizing parties while studying at Emory University in Atlanta, in 2002, Braun was hired to plan after-parties in each of the five cities on the Anger Management Tour, featuring Ludacris and Eminem. This launch into the world of hip-hop led Braun to producer Jermaine Dupri, Braun was 19 years old when Dupri asked him to join So So Def in a marketing position, and 20 when Dupri named him So So Defs executive director for marketing. Still in his year at Emory, Braun was working at So So Def. Some of his larger events included parties for the 2003 NBA All-Star Game, eventually Braun left So So Def to go on his private venture. Some report he was fired from the job after a dispute over the direction of the label, Braun first encountered Justin Bieber when he saw a video of a 12-year-old Bieber on YouTube, performing a song by Ne-Yo. Braun contacted Biebers mother, Pattie Mallette, who agreed to bring her son to Atlanta for a trial period. Eventually, Braun convinced them to move permanently from Canada to the United States, after further online success, Braun pitched Bieber to two successful artists, Usher and Justin Timberlake, both expressed interest. Eventually Ushers mentor, music executive L. A. Reid, under the agreement, the label would take a cut of all revenues generated by Bieber, including ticket sales and merchandising. The group also includes RBMG, a joint venture between Braun and Usher, School Boy Records had a special business arrangement with Universal Music Group and later on with Republic Records for distribution. One source close to Ariana Grande has said that the reasons behind her actions is that She thinks this is the best professional decision for her moving forward. In 2016, Scooter won the award for “Best Talent Manager” at the 3rd annual “International Music Industry Awards” presented by Shazam at the 12th annual MUSEXPO in Los Angeles. Braun appeared on the cover of Billboard in the August 11,2012 Forty Under Forty special issue titled Scooter Braun, Braun was featured on the Time 100 list for 2013. He also appeared a second time on the cover of Billboard in its April 20,2013, issue, alongside Guy Oseary, Braun was born in New York City to Conservative Jewish parents, Ervin and Susan Braun
6. Buddy Buie – Perry Carlton Buddy Buie was an American songwriter, producer, and publisher. He is most commonly associated with Roy Orbison, the Classics IV, Buie was born in Marianna, Florida, and raised in Dothan, Alabama. He later moved to New York City, and eventually Atlanta, Georgia, however, nearly all the songs written by Buie and his co-writers were conceived in Eufaula, Alabama on Thomas Mill Creek where Buie had a small fishing trailer. He was best known as a songwriter, with 340 songs registered in the BMI catalog. His first success came in 1964, when Tommy Roe took Party Girl, in 1967 he started working with the group Classics IV, working with the groups guitarist James Cobb to add lyrics to Mike Sharpes instrumental Spooky. Subsequent songs co-written with Cobb included Sandy Poseys I Take It Back, and the Classics IV hits Stormy, Traces, Everyday with You Girl, and What am I Crying For. Buie helped gather one of the most talented ensembles of musicians in rock music and they played a command performance at the White House for President Jimmy Carter on his sons birthday. Under Buies leadership, the Rhythm Section had unsurpassed regional appeal in the late 1970s, in 1978, Buie and marketing executive Arnie Geller founded the Buie/Gellar Organization, a recording management company, and BGO Records in Doraville, Georgia. Buies later work includes Rock Bottom for Wynonna Judd and Mr. Midnight for Garth Brooks, notable artists who have covered his songs include Gloria Estefan, Travis Tritt, David Sanborn, and Santana. In 2006, John Legend used Stormy as the track on the single Save Room. Buies music has also used in films, most notably Lost in Translation. So Into You was also featured in a commercial for Texas Pete hot sauce, in 2003, Buie left Atlanta and retired to Eufaula, Alabama, just miles from the birthplace of the songs that built his career. In 2010, the Oscar-winning film The Fighter featured So Into You by the Atlanta Rhythm Section on its soundtrack, Buie was inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame in 1984, and the Alabama Music Hall of Fame in 1997. On July 18,2015, Buie died at a hospital in Dothan, Alabama, Buddy Buie at the Internet Movie Database Buddy Buie at BMI Repertoire Buddy Buie at Find a Grave
7. Benjamin Carr – Benjamin Carr was an American composer, singer, teacher, and music publisher. Born in London, he was the son of Joseph Carr and he was also the nephew of his namesake Benjamin Carr, who ran an instrument-making and repair shop in London for over 20 years. He studied organ with Charles Wesley and composition with Samuel Arnold, in 1793 he traveled to Philadelphia with a stage company, and a year later went with the same company to New York, where he stayed until 1797. Later that year he moved to Philadelphia, where he became a prominent member of the musical life. He was well known as a teacher of keyboard and singing, in 1820 he was one of the principal founders of the Musical Fund Society of Philadelphia, and he is known as the Father of Philadelphia Music. Mrs. French, who had achieved a degree of fame as a singer, was one of his students, carrs best known orchestral work was the Federal Overture, composed for theatrical audiences. He published many of own 61 art songs in two anthologies, the Musical Journal for the Piano Forte and Carr’s Musical Miscellany in Occasional Numbers. Carr’s most popular song was “The Little Sailor Boy” and he was perhaps the first American composer to set a Shakespeare text to music, and his Hymn to the Virgin is generally considered one of the finest early American songs. His piano music includes shorter sonatas, rondos and variation forms, much of it was written for pedagogical purposes and he also wrote several important pedagogical works, including the Lessons and Exercises in Vocal Music and The Analytical Instructor for the Piano Forte. Arnold, The Children in the Wood, Philadelphia,24 Nov 1794 C, dibdin, The Deserter, New York,19 May 1795 Linn, Bourneville Castle, New York,16 Jan 1797 Holcroft, The Spanish Barber,1800 Misc. Opera arias and incidental music Songs and misc, the Library of Congress Music Division Wolfe, Richard J
8. Sean Combs – Sean John Combs, also known by his stage names Puff Daddy, Puffy, P. Diddy and Diddy, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, actor, record producer and entrepreneur. He was born in Harlem and was raised in Mount Vernon and he worked as a talent director at Uptown Records before founding his label Bad Boy Entertainment in 1993. His debut album No Way Out has been certified seven times platinum and was followed by successful albums such as Forever, The Saga Continues. in 2009 Combs formed the musical group Diddy – Dirty Money and released the critically well-reviewed and commercially successful album Last Train to Paris. Combs has won three Grammy Awards and two MTV Video Music Awards, and is the producer of MTVs Making the Band, in 2016 Forbes estimated Combs net worth at $750 million. Sean John Combs was born on November 4,1969 in Harlem in Manhattan, New York City, and was raised in Mount Vernon, New York. His mother, Janice, was a model and teachers assistant and his father, at age 33, Melvin was shot to death while sitting in his car on Central Park West, when Combs was 2 years old. Combs graduated from the Roman Catholic Mount Saint Michael Academy in 1987 and he played football for the academy, and his team won a division title in 1986. Combs said that he was given the nickname Puff as a child, after dropping out of Howard University in 1990, after two years as a business major, Combs became an intern at New Yorks Uptown Records. While talent director at Uptown, he helped develop Jodeci and Mary J. Blige, in his college days Combs had a reputation for throwing parties, some of which attracted up to a thousand participants. In 1991, Combs promoted an AIDS fundraiser with Heavy D held at the City College of New York gymnasium, the event was oversold, and a stampede occurred in which nine people died. In 1993, after being fired from Uptown, Combs established his new label Bad Boy Entertainment as a joint venture with Arista Records, taking then-newcomer The Notorious B. I. G. with him. Both The Notorious B. I. G. and Craig Mack quickly released hit singles, followed by successful LPs, Combs signed more acts to Bad Boy, including Carl Thomas, Faith Evans,112, Total, and Father MC. The Hitmen, his production team, worked with Jodeci, Mary J. Blige, Usher, Lil Kim, TLC, Mariah Carey, Boyz II Men, SWV, Aretha Franklin. Mase and The Lox joined Bad Boy just as a widely publicized rivalry with the West Coasts Death Row Records was beginning, Combs and The Notorious B. I. G. were criticized and parodied by Tupac Shakur and Suge Knight in songs and interviews during the mid-1990s. During 1994–1995, Combs produced several songs for TLCs CrazySexyCool, which finished the decade as number 25 on Billboards list of top pop albums of the decade, in 1997, under the name Puff Daddy, Combs recorded his first commercial vocal work as a rapper. His debut single, Cant Nobody Hold Me Down, spent 28 weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and his debut album, No Way Out, was released on July 1,1997, through Bad Boy Records. Originally titled Hell up in Harlem, the album underwent several changes after The Notorious B. I. G. was killed on March 9,1997, several of the labels artists made guest appearances on the album. No Way Out was a significant success, particularly in the United States, four other singles, Cant Nobody Hold Me Down, Its All About the Benjamins, Been Around the World, and Victory, were also released
9. Cecil Duane Crabb – Cecil Duane Crabb was an American composer of ragtime music and a member of Indianapolis group of ragtime composers. He was born in Centerville, Indiana to James and Sarah E. Crabb and he moved to Indianapolis in 1908. Crabb composed only four albeit significant ragtime pieces including his best known Fluffly Ruffles from 1907 and he had a job at a small publishing firm J. H. Aufderheide & Company that published ragtime by Indianapolis composers. Originally a sign painter, he had also designed cover art for ragtimes of Aufderheide composers, such as May Aufderheide and his primary career was in the sign business as co-owner for many years of the Indianapolis firm Staley and Crabb, now known as Staley Signs. He died in Wisconsin at the age of 62 and was buried at Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis and he had at least three children, one of whom became Brig. Fluffly Ruffles - Two Step Orinoco Trouble The Klassicle Rag Biography at ragpiano. com White, ragging it, getting ragtime into history. Free scores by Cecil Duane Crabb at the International Music Score Library Project Cecil Duane Crabb at Find a Grave
10. Joe Davis (music publisher) – Joseph M. Joe Davis was an American music producer, publisher and promoter in jazz, rhythm and blues and pop music. Joe Davis was born in New York City, in the late 1910s and 1920s he worked as a songwriter and singer who recorded for Columbia Records. Which was founded in 1919 with the help of George F. Briegel and he has to be considered as an important influence for Fats Waller, having actually talked the shy, reluctant Waller into considering a performing career. Davis pushed Waller to compose seriously for the piano, Davis name was found as songwriter of Waller songs such as Alligator Crawl and Our Love Was Meant To Be, also the Andy Razaf titles Alexanders Back in Town and After Ive Spent My Best Years on You. Davis managed to cheat Razaf out of royalties to Sposin, which was written to Paul Dennikers music, as a publisher Davis worked with Porter Grainger, Howard Johnson, Chris Smith, Alex Hill, Spencer Williams, Carson Robison, Tom Delaney, J. C. Davis dropped the Triangle imprint in the 1930s and replaced it with Joe Davis and he sold the firm in 1939 and went into the record manufacturing business. In May 1942, Davis founded his first record label, Beacon Records, on Beacon, Davis published in 1943 and 1944 the music of Billy Murray/Monroe Silver, Irving Kaufman with the Buddy Clark Orchestra, and local vocal ensembles as The Red Caps. But had a tiny shellac ration from which to press the records, in 1945 he founded the Joe Davis Record Company with the sub labels Beacon, Celebrity and Davis Records. The Company was placed in 331 West 49th Street, with subsidiary in Richmond, Davis edited pop music, jazz, rhythm and blues, gospel and Latin music, by artists such as Coleman Hawkins, the vocal ensemble Five Red Caps and singer Una Mae Carlisle. Joe Davis was making use of her talents as a songwriter and surrounding her once again with musicians including Ray Nance, Budd Johnson. Davis edited an album by Otis Blackwell and a compilation with the title World Famous Rhythm, in 1956 Davis also recorded The Chestnuts. In 1954 Davis reactivated his Beacon label for re-issues of R&B-recordings and he edited recordings of Dean Barlow & The Crickets and The Deep River Boys. In 1961 Davis also recorded on his Beacon label a session of jazz pianist Elmo Hope, in the 1960s he led Beacon and Celebrity as his two publishing companies. Davis died on 3 September 1978 in Louisville, Kentucky
11. Oliver Ditson – Oliver Ditson was an American businessman and founder of Oliver Ditson and Company, one of the major music publishing houses of the late 19th century. Oliver Ditson was born in Boston, Massachusetts, of Scottish ancestry and his parents lived near the home of Paul Revere at the lower end of Hanover Street. In 1823, just out of school, Oliver became an employee of Col. Samuel Hale Parker, father of J. C. D. Col. Parker owned a store on Washington street, near Franklin Street in Boston. At the time the Waverley novels were making their appearance and Col. Parker was republishing them as rapidly as they could be gotten from England, Oliver left the bookstore to master the printer’s trade. About 1834, fire destroyed the store of Col. Parker, ticknor in the gambrel roofed building erected in 1712, at the northwest corner of Washington and School streets. At this location, in 1834, the firm of Parker & Ditson was formed, mr. Ditson was then twenty-three, and changed it into a music store. In 1840, Ditson bought out Col. Parker’s interest and carried on the business of music seller and publisher under the name of Oliver Ditson and he acquired the Oliver Ditson and Company moniker in 1857 when he began collaborating with John C. Haynes on what would become the John C, in 1858, Ditson purchased Dwights Journal of Music, a serious musical journal. During the American Civil War, Ditson released a number of songs, including Battle Hymn of the Republic. Theodore Presser purchased the Ditson catalogue in 1931, on December 21,1888, Oliver Ditson, the pioneer of music publishing in America, died at the age of seventy-seven. Biographical sketches of eminent musical composers, Boston, Oliver Ditson,1876 Google books Cornelius, Steven. Music of the Civil War Era. Greenwood Publishing Group, John Shepherd, David Horn, Dave Laing, Paul Oliver, Peter Wicke, eds. Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, Volume 1, Media, Industry, international Music Score Library Project Temperance melodeon
12. Dr. Dre – Andre Romelle Young, better known by his stage name Dr. Dre, is an American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur. He is the founder and current CEO of Aftermath Entertainment and Beats Electronics, Dre was previously the co-owner of, and an artist on, Death Row Records. He has produced albums for and overseen the careers of many rappers, including 2Pac, Snoop Dogg, Eminem, Xzibit, Knoc-turnal,50 Cent, The Game and Kendrick Lamar. He is credited as a key figure in the popularization of West Coast G-funk, in 1996, he left Death Row Records to establish his own label, Aftermath Entertainment. He produced an album titled Dr. Dre Presents the Aftermath in 1996. During the 2000s, he focused on production for other artists, Dr. Dre signed Eminem in 1998 and 50 Cent in 2002 to his record label respectively, while contributing production on their albums. He has won six Grammy Awards, including Producer of the Year, Dr. Dre has also had acting roles in movies such as Set It Off, The Wash and Training Day. Rolling Stone ranked Dre at 56 on their list of 100 Greatest Artists of All-Time, Young was born in Compton, California, the first child of Theodore and Verna Young. His middle name, Romelle, is derived from his fathers amateur R&B singing group and his parents married in 1964, separated in 1968, and divorced in 1972. His mother later remarried and had three children, sons Jerome and Tyree and daughter Shameka, in 1976, Young began attending Vanguard Junior High School in Compton, but due to gang violence, he transferred to the safer suburban Roosevelt Junior High School. Young is the cousin of producer Sir Jinx and he attended Centennial High School in Compton during his freshman year in 1979, but transferred to Fremont High School in South Central Los Angeles due to poor grades. Young attempted to enroll in a program at Northrop Aviation Company. Thereafter, he focused on his life and entertainment for the remainder of his high school years. Young fathered a son with Cassandra Joy Greene named Curtis, Curtis was brought up by his mother and first met his father 20 years later, when Curtis became rapper Hood Surgeon. Inspired by the Grandmaster Flash song The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel, he attended a club called Eve After Dark to watch many DJs. He subsequently became a DJ in the club, initially under the name Dr. J, based on the nickname of Julius Erving, at the club, he met aspiring rapper Antoine Carraby, later to become member DJ Yella of N. W. A. Soon afterwards he adopted the moniker Dr. Dre, a mix of previous alias Dr. J and his first name, Eve After Dark had a back room with a small four-track studio. In this studio, Dre and Yella recorded several demos, in their first recording session, they recorded a song entitled Surgery, with the lyrics calling Dr. Dre to surgery serving as the chorus to the song
13. Eminem – Marshall Bruce Mathers III, known professionally as Eminem, is an American rapper, record producer, and actor. Eminem is the best-selling artist of the 2000s in the United States, throughout his career, he has had 10 number-one albums on the Billboard 200 and five number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100. Globally, he has more than 172 million albums, thus being one of the worlds best-selling artists. Rolling Stone ranked him 83rd on its list of 100 Greatest Artists of All Time and they were followed by Encore in 2004, another critical and commercial success. Eminem went on hiatus after touring in 2005, releasing Relapse in 2009, both won Grammy Awards and Recovery was the best-selling album of 2010 worldwide, the second time he had the international best-selling album of the year. Eminems eighth album, 2013s The Marshall Mathers LP2, won two Grammy Awards, including Best Rap Album, it expanded his record for the most wins in that category and his Grammy total to 15. In addition to his career, Eminem is an original member of the Midwest hip hop groups Soul Intent. He is also known for his collaborations with fellow Detroit-based rapper Royce da 59, Eminem has developed other ventures, including Shady Records, with manager Paul Rosenberg, which helped launch the careers of artists such as 50 Cent. Eminem has also established his own channel, Shade 45, on Sirius XM Radio. In November 2002, he starred in the hip hop film 8 Mile, Eminem has made cameo appearances in the films The Wash, Funny People, The Interview and the television series Entourage. Eminem was born on October 17,1972, in St. Joseph, Missouri, Debbie was 14 when she met 18-year-old Bruce, at age 17, she nearly died during her 73-hour labor. Eminems parents were in a band called Daddy Warbucks, playing in Ramada Inns along the Dakotas–Montana border before their separation, Bruce left the family, moving to California and having two other children, Michael and Sarah. Debbie had son Nathan Nate Kane Samara on February 3,1986, during his childhood, Eminem and Debbie shuttled between Michigan and Missouri, rarely staying in one house for more than a year or two and living primarily with family members. In Missouri, they lived in places, including St. Joseph, Savannah. As a teenager Eminem wrote letters to his father, according to Debbie, friends and family remember Eminem as a happy child, but a bit of a loner who was often bullied. One bully, DeAngelo Bailey, severely injured Eminems head, Debbie filed a lawsuit against the school in 1982, Eminem spent much of his youth in a working-class, primarily black, Detroit neighborhood. He and Debbie were one of three white households on their block, and Eminem was beaten by black youths several times, as a child he was interested in storytelling, aspiring to be a comic-book artist before discovering hip hop. Eminem heard his first rap song on the Breakin soundtrack, a gift from Debbies half-brother Ronnie Polkinghorn, when Polkinghorn committed suicide in 1991, Eminem stopped speaking for days and did not attend his funeral
14. E. O. Excell – His 1909 stanza selection and arrangement of Amazing Grace became the most widely used and familiar setting of that hymn by the second half of the twentieth century. Excell compiled or contributed to about ninety secular and sacred books and is estimated to have written, composed. The music publishing business he started in 1881 and that bore his name was the highest volume producer of hymnbooks in America at the time of his death. Excell was the son of German Reformed minister and self-published author J. J. Excell and he was born in Uniontown, Stark County, Ohio and attended public schools in Ohio and Pennsylvania. After marrying in 1871 near Bradys Bend, Pennsylvania, he relocated to that state and supported his family for years as a plasterer, bricklayer. Between 1877 and 1883 he studied formally at the Normal Musical Institutes of George F. Root where he received vocal training under Roots son, Frederick. He moved to Chicago, base of Roots operations, in 1883 to pursue music publishing in earnest, Excell was described as a big, robust six-footer, with a six-in caliber voice and extraordinary range that enabled him to solo as baritone or tenor. Publisher George H. Doran observed him leading songs at a revival and later noted that Excell was a master of mass control, he might easily have become conductor of some mighty chorus. These talents fostered his early success as a singing teacher in Pennsylvania. Two important contacts made during his years in Chicago were Benjamin F. Jacobs. Both men had been involved with the uniform Sunday school lesson system established among many Protestant denominations during the early 1870s. Vincent was also co-founder of the original Chautauqua Assembly and involved with the church youth movements of the era, such as Christian Endeavor. Excell assisted with the music of their Sunday school work for at least two years and later served as editor for correspondence courses Vincent established through the Chautauqua Press. He also performed as a vocalist for programs at the Chautauqua Institution, insights gained from these associations were significant in that much of what Excell would later publish targeted Sunday school and youth program music needs. The Methodist Episcopal church of Excells day was divided into northern and southern denominations created by an antebellum split. Excell and Vincent were affiliated with the branch known as the Methodist Episcopal Church. Jones musical director at that time was Marcellus J. Maxwell of Oxford and he was also a capable singer and songwriter, though more reserved than Excell
15. Joseph Funk – Joseph Funk was a pioneer American music teacher, publisher, and an early American composer. He invented a shape note system in 1851 for the Harmonia Sacra, Funk was born April 6,1778, in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, the son of Henry and Barbara Funk, and a grandson of Bishop Heinrich Funck, a German Palatine settler of Bernese Swiss descent. Bishop Funck came to America in 1719, and was the first Mennonite bishop in America, as a boy, Joseph moved with his parents to Rockingham County, Virginia, and spent the rest of his life there. In 1804, Funk married Elizabeth Rhodes, and they had five children, after her death, he married Rachel Britton, and they raised nine children. He was a member of the Mennonite Church, in 1847, he established the first Mennonite printing house in the United States, at Mountain Valley, Virginia. Funk and his sons were active in organizing and teaching singing schools in Virginia. The name was changed to Harmonia Sacra in 1851, the book is still is in use by Mennonites today. The Southern Musical Advocate and Singers Friend was a 16-page monthly periodical published by Funk from 1859 to 1861 and it was a forerunner of The Musical Million and Fireside Friend, a periodical published by Funks grandson, Aldine S. Kieffer. Joseph Funks sons continued the business after his death. The Ruebush-Kieffer Company purchased the press in 1878, the Joseph Funk House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. Joseph Funk at Find a Grave
16. Louis P. Goullaud – Louis P. Goullaud published and sold music in Boston, Massachusetts, in the 19th century. In the 1860s he worked for Koppitz, Pruefer & Co, with Asa W. White and Edward W. White -- as the firm White & Goullaud -- he sold musical instruments and published sheet music. Under his own imprint he issued sheet music and Goullauds Monthly Journal of Music and he retired ca.1886, and died in 1919. Composed and inscribed to Mr. Sothern by Thomas Baker, respectfully Inscribed to William Inman Esq.1872 The Little Frauds, Harrigan & Harts Songs & Sketches. 1872 Thematic Catalogue of Popular Songs,1872 Gentle Spring Waltz dedicated to Fanny Davenport. 1873 Lottas Favorite Nocturne for piano by J. W. Turner,1873 Johnny Youre In Luck, Sung With Unbounded Success By Bryants Minstrels. 1874 The Shaughraun Waltz by Thomas Baker,1875 Fifth Avenue George, a Popular Song. Sung with unbounded applause by Tony Pastor, written & Composed by J. P. Skelly. 1876 George H. Coess Album of Music,1877 Songs of the Rice Surprise Party
17. Frank Harding – Frank Harding was a Tin Pan Alley music publisher, who was credited with creating the method of selling music called plugging. Harding paid singers to sing his songs in shops and beer halls to get them known. He was active from the 1880s through the 1920s and he published music that he wrote and also bought it from other songwriters. Stories about him say that he traded beer for songs and that he won songs in games of poker, another of his business practices was to charge performers to have their portrait printed on sheet music. Then he gave them the music to hand out as they wished. He sold his business to salesman Edward B, marks, who became a major figure in Tin Pan Alley publishers. Marks is now an imprint of Carlin America
18. Elias Howe Company – The Elias Howe Company was a 19th and early 20th century musical firm located in Boston, USA and founded by Elias Howe, Jr. His company was successful, selling more than a million copies of his music instruction books by 1892, Howe was cousin to the inventor of the sewing machine and related to Julia Ward Howe, composer of the The Battle Hymn of the Republic. Howe acquired a fiddle as a boy and soon learned to play. He couldnt afford to buy the sheet music of his day. He put together a book of tunes in this manner, while still young, Howe eventually acquired a substantial collection of these tunes and managed to get them published in book form in 1840 as The Musicians Companion. He was unable to pay all at once for the 500 copies that printer Wright & Kidder agreed to print for him, the books were successful, and he sold enough of them, door-to-door and city-to-city, to open his own shop in 1842. By 1850, Howe had published several volumes of tune collections. He returned to publishing in about 1861 after the term of the agreement with Ditson had elapsed, by his own estimate, he compiled and published about 200 musical works, under his own name, and using the pseudonyms Gumbo Chaff, Patrick OFlanigan, and Mary ONeill. Sky notes that during the American Civil War, Howe expanded his activities to include manufacturing drums for Massachusetts regiments and he was offered the position of Director of Bands for the United States Army, and the rank of Lt. Colonel, by President Lincoln. He chose instead to continue manufacturing drums and fifes and publishing books on their use in marching bands. The Elias Howe Company for many years was located at 88 Court Street in Boston and many of the volumes of sheet music and instrumental instruction that the company produced bear that address. Archival photos of the Scollay Square area of Boston dating from the 1880s often show the Howes Music sign silhouetted against the sky above the buildings at the end of Court Street. Although company letterhead states that the firm was founded in 1840, it was not formally incorporated until 1898, the principals at that time were Eliass sons Willam H. and Edward F. Howe, who served as president and treasurer, respectively. Their sister Harriet Howe was the company bookkeeper and it has not been proven whether the company made their own instruments or contracted with local companies to build them. Whether they made the instruments or not, they did handle tonewood and were described as an importer of the wood. The company later relocated to 8 Bosworth Street in Boston, a few blocks from its earlier Court Street address, from the Bosworth Street location, the Elias Howe Company issued an extensively illustrated 97-page catalog. Although most of the goods for offer were related to violin-family instruments, of particular note are the Howe-Orme guitars and mandolins. These were highly innovative instruments that as early as 1897 incorporated novel features that eventually found their way into the designs of American instruments that followed, the mandolins featured an elaborate E H Co monogram inlaid in ivory-colored plastic into the instruments tortoise pick guards