Category:American software engineers
Pages in category "American software engineers"
The following 140 pages are in this category, out of 140 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 140 pages are in this category, out of 140 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Paul Allen – Paul Gardner Allen is an American business magnate, investor and philanthropist. He is best known as the co-founder of Microsoft, alongside Bill Gates, as of August 2016, he was estimated to be the 40th richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of $18.6 billion. Allen is the founder and Chairman of Vulcan Inc. which manages his various business, Allen also has a multibillion-dollar investment portfolio including technology and media companies, real estate holdings, and stakes in other companies. He owns two sports teams, the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League and the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association. He is also part-owner of the Seattle Sounders FC, which joined Major League Soccer in 2009 and he is also the founder of Allen Institute for Brain Science, Institute for Artificial Intelligence, Institute for Cell Science, and Vulcan Aerospace. Paul Allen was born on January 21,1953 in Seattle, Washington to Kenneth Sam Allen, Allen attended Lakeside School, a private school in Seattle, where he befriended Bill Gates, three years younger, with whom he shared an enthusiasm for computers. They used Lakesides Teletype terminal to develop their skills on several time-sharing computer systems. Allen later convinced Gates to drop out of Harvard University in order to create Microsoft, Gates explained his official status with Harvard that. if things hadnt worked out, I could always go back to school. In Albuquerque, New Mexico, Paul Allen with his friend Bill Gates, in 1975, Allen came up with the original name of Micro-Soft, as recounted in a 1995 Fortune magazine article. As a result of this transaction, Microsoft was able to secure a contract to supply the DOS that would run on IBMs PC line. This contract with IBM was the watershed in Microsoft history that led to Allens and Gates wealth, Allen effectively left Microsoft in 1982 due to serious illness. Vulcan Capital is an investment-arm of Allens Seattle-based Vulcan Inc. which manages his personal fortune, in 2013, Allen opened a new Vulcan Capital office in Palo Alto, California to focus on making new investments in emerging technology and internet companies. Recent investments include Redfin, Decide. com and Audience Inc, patents, Paul Allen holds 43 patents from the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The startup behind the mobile app Saga, SportStream, an app for sports fans. Ticketmaster, In 1993, Paul Allen invested $243 million to acquire 80% of Ticketmaster, in 1997, Home Shopping Network acquired 47. 5% of Allens stock in exchange for $209 million worth of their own stock. Allen confirmed that he was the investor behind Burt Rutans Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne suborbital commercial spacecraft on October 4,2004. SpaceShipOne climbed to an altitude of 377,591 feet and was the first privately funded effort to put a civilian in suborbital space. It won the Ansari X Prize competition and received the $10 million prize, on December 13,2011, Allen announced the creation of Stratolaunch SystemsPaul Allen – Paul G. Allen at Flying Heritage Collection, April 2013
2. Rogelio Bernal Andreo – Rogelio Bernal Andreo is a Spanish-American astrophotographer. He is known for his photographs of deep sky objects and his work has been recognized by NASA as their Picture of the Day. Rogelio Bernal Andreo was born on 9 January 1969, in Murcia, when he was 20 years old, he moved to Boston, Massachusetts. In 1995, he earn a Bachelors degree in science from Harvard University. After earning his Bachelors degree, Andreo moved to the San Francisco Bay Area and his work has included using post-processing techniques not very common at the time of their introduction, and he has written of his use of multi-scale processing techniques. Two of his Orion wide field images were used in the Orions flyby scene for the Hubble 3D motion picture, rogelios work was also used in the Cosmos, A Spacetime Odyssey series. His image, Orion, from Head to Toes was selected by Discover Magazines Bad Astronomy and it was the first time this award was given to an amateur astronomerRogelio Bernal Andreo – Award-winning photo of the Orion constellation
3. Samir Arora – Samir Arora is an American businessman and former CEO of Mode Media from 2003 to April 2016. He was CEO and Chairman of the web design company NetObjects, Samir Arora was born in New Delhi, India. He studied electrical and electronic engineering at Birla Institute of Technology, Arora has an EMP from INSEAD, attended Executive Education at Harvard Business School, and holds a diploma in Sales and Marketing from the London Business School. Samir Arora worked at Apple in Software and New Media from 1982 to 1991, Arora wrote a white paper called Information Navigation, The Future of Computing in late 1986 while working directly for the Chairman & CEO of Apple, John Sculley. He left Apple to found the spin-off Rae Technology from Apple, from 1992 to 1995, Arora was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Rae Technology. In 1995 Samir Arora co-founded NetObjects, Inc, in 1997, after the launch of NetObjects Fusion, IBM invested approximately $100 million in a share exchange to buy 80% of NetObjects, corresponding to a valuation of around $150 million. NetObjects, Inc. went public on NASDAQ in 1999 with IBM staying the majority shareholder, from June 2003 to February 2004, Arora served as Chairman of the Board of Tickle, Inc. one of the first social networking sites founded in 1999. Tickle was acquired by Monster. com in May 2004, in 2003, Mode Media, Inc. was formed by a number of people including Arora. The company originally was founded as a website to offer fashion and beauty content, Mode Media was a digital lifestyle media company where content could be produced by anyone but was reviewed by professional editors prior to publishing. Arora was the interim CEO of Glam Media from 2003 to 2005, and CEO from 2006 to 2016Samir Arora – Samir Arora in 2013
4. Charles Bachman – Charles William Charlie Bachman III is an American computer scientist, who spent his entire career as an industrial researcher, developer, and manager rather than in academia. He is particularly known for his work in the development of database management systems. His techniques of layered architecture include his namesake Bachman diagrams, Charles Bachman was born in Manhattan, Kansas in 1924, where his father, Charles Bachman Jr. was the head football coach at Kansas State College. He attended high school in East Lansing, Michigan, there he was first exposed to and used fire control computers for aiming 90 mm guns. After his discharge in 1946 he attended Michigan State College and graduated in 1948 with a degree in Mechanical Engineering where he was a member of Tau Beta Pi. In mid-1949 he married Connie Hadley and he then attended the University of Pennsylvania. In 1950, he graduated with a degree in Mechanical Engineering. Bachman spent his career as a practicing software engineer or manager in industry rather than in academia. In 1950 he started working at Dow Chemical in Midland, Michigan, in 1957 he became Dows first data processing manager. He worked with the IBM user group SHARE, on developing new version of report generator software, however, the planned IBM709 order was cancelled before it arrived. Working for customer Weyerhaeuser Lumber, he developed the first multiprogramming network access to the IDS database, later at GE he developed the dataBasic product that offered database support to the Basic language timesharing users. In 1970, GE sold its business to Honeywell Information Systems. In 1981, he joined a firm, Cullinane Information Systems. In 1983, he founded Bachman Information Systems, which developed a line of computer-aided software engineering products, the centerpiece of these products was the BACHMAN/Data Analyst, which provided graphic support to the creation and maintenance of Bachman Diagrams. In 1991 Bachman Information Systems had their public offering, trading on the NASDAQ with the symbol BACH. After reaching a high of $37.75 in February 1992, in 1996, his company merged with Cadre Technology to form Cayenne Software. He served as president of the company for a year. He continued to serve as chairman of the board of Cayenne and he received the Turing Award from the Association for Computing Machinery in 1973 for his outstanding contributions to database technologyCharles Bachman – Charles Bachman at the 2012 ACM Turing Centenary Celebration
5. Anthony James Barr – Anthony James Barr, aka Tony Barr or Jim Barr, is an American programming language designer, software engineer, and inventor. Among his notable contributions are the Statistical Analysis System, automated lumber yield optimization, widely used internationally in science, government, industry, and academia, the SAS System was founded by Barr in 1966. Barr had earlier created an analysis-of-variance modeling language inspired by the notation of statistician Maurice Kendall and he developed it in assembly language on the IBM1410, as a graduate student at North Carolina State University from 1962 to 1963. Dr. A. Grandage, author of IBM650 analysis-of-variance programs and this was followed by a multiple regression program with a flexible input format and with algebraic transformation of variables, in 1963 to 1964. Drawing on those programs, along with his experience with structured data files, he created SAS, barrs experience with structured data files was gained while working on the Formatted File System. From 1966 to 1968, Barr developed the structure and language of SAS. In 1968, Barr began collaboration with others, Barr designed and implemented the programming language, data management, report writing, and systems areas of the evolving system. In 1976, SAS Institute, Inc. was incorporated by Anthony J. Barr, James H. Goodnight, John P. Sall and he sold his shares in 1979. Barr created the ACME program for the National Center for Health Statistics from 1967 to 1969, ACME is a computer program that assigns one underlying cause of death based on multiple causes of death listed on the death certificate. ACME in conjunction with other components comprise the Mortality Medical Data System and this system is used to uniformly determine underlying cause of death for all death certificates in the United States. ACME has become the de facto standard for the automated selection of the underlying cause of death. It and the components of MMDS, or variations of them are used in many nations around the world. The system provides essential data used in calculating mortality statistics, in 1971 and 1972, Barr, along with partner Sandy Mullin designed, patented, and built the first computerized equipment to optimize the usage of lumber in the furniture industry. The device read marked flaws on a board, calculated the cross and rip cuts required for optimal board usage, in 1973, Barr-Mullin, Inc. was incorporated, and its lumber yield optimization technology remains widely used in the American wood industry. In 1968, Barr created the first non-IBM linking loader for the IBM/360, named LDR, the loader was sponsored by American Data Processing Inc. of Raleigh, North Carolina. The Barr Loader cut typical program testing times by twenty-five percent, IBM did not offer the equivalent Loader for over eighteen months after the Barr Loader was commercially available. In 1971, Barr created the first non-IBM HASP terminal emulator, marketed by the University Computing Company, the HASP emulator gave a significant performance increase over the IBM2780 emulator he had developed for UCC in 1969. The emulators were developed on the PDP-8 minicomputer and allowed COPE terminals to communicate with the IBM/360, in 1971, Barr also implemented the HASP workstation for M & M Computer Industries, Orange, CaliforniaAnthony James Barr – Barr with statue of Benjamin Franklin on the Barr Systems campus in Gainesville, Florida
6. Kent Beck – Beck was one of the 17 original signatories of the Agile Manifesto, the founding document for agile software development. Extreme and Agile methods are closely associated with Test Driven Development, Beck pioneered software design patterns as well as the commercial application of Smalltalk. He wrote the SUnit unit testing framework for Smalltalk, which spawned the series of frameworks, notably JUnit for Java. Beck popularized CRC cards with Ward Cunningham, the inventor of the wiki and he lives near Medford, Oregon and works at Facebook. Beck attended the University of Oregon between 1979 and 1987, receiving B. S. and M. S. degrees in computer, in 1996 Beck was hired to work on the Chrysler Comprehensive Compensation System. Beck in turn brought in Ron Jeffries, in March 1996 the development team estimated the system would be ready to go into production around one year later. In 1997 the development team adopted a way of working which is now formalized as extreme programming, the one-year delivery target was nearly achieved, with actual delivery being only a couple of months late. Kent Becks Guide to Better Smalltalk, A Sorted Collection, winner of the Jolt Productivity Award. Winner of the Jolt Productivity Award, contributing to Eclipse, Principles, Patterns, and Plugins. Extreme Programming Explained, Embrace Change, 2nd Edition, using Pattern Languages for Object-Oriented Programs. A Laboratory For Teaching Object-Oriented Thinking, SUnit framework, origin of xUnit frameworksKent Beck – Kent Beck
7. Michael B.T. Bell – Bell earned his computer science master’s degree in 1992 from the City University of New York. After graduation, as a developer and enterprise architect consultant, he dedicated his career to improving business. He developed innovative software algorithms and methodologies for high-volume Electronic trading platforms and this included modules for execution of trading applications, persistence methods for large volumes of data, and design of high-speed network and internet software implementations. He has worked for J. P. Morgan Chase, Citibank, UBS-Paine Webber, Deutsche Bank, American Express, TD Waterhouse, Pfizer, AIG, and United States Department of Veterans Affairs. In 2008 Bell introduced the Service-oriented modeling framework to the development community in his book Service-Oriented Modeling. The service framework, driven by Discipline-specific modeling, was devised to encourage consolidation of software assets, reduction of systems redundancy, SOMF includes a modeling language and a life cycle methodology suited for narrowing the gap between the business and the information technology organizations in the enterprise. The framework also includes modeling disciplines and practices of software systems, furthermore, SOMF offers a variety of architectural styles, such as enterprise architecture, application architecture, service-oriented architecture, and cloud computing. In most cases, these software designers claim that such as a “to be” architecture is unbreakable and could sustain rapid market trends and their claim also seems to assure that the illustrated architecture would operate flawlessly in production. In many cases, though, such laid on paper architecture, is merely an academic proposition, which fails to deliver system stability, business continuity. In other words, this speculative architecture tends to break down because of design flaws and this enterprise design should also be certified by a wide rainbow of organizational stakeholders to dodge financial calamity and business discontinuity. How is it then to ensure that the illustrated design on paper would indeed render a stable production landscape. The term stable means that the systems would meet business. The promise of the Incremental Software Architecture, therefore, is rooted in the chief principle, bottomline, software construction must follow the pace of design evolution. Obviously, not the way around. To prove that an end-state architecture would indeed operate flawlessly in production, but proving that each individual end-state architecture segment works as designed, does not mean that the entire enterprise architecture as a whole would indeed perform flawlessly. To verify if an end-state architecture is stable and could endure production environment pressures, consider the Incremental Software Architecture process, as depicted in the provided image,1. Ascertaining systems and related applications in an end-state architecture proposition 2, authentication tasks include design substantiation end-state architecture stress testing, and enterprise capacity planning. Michael Bell has published books and articlesMichael B.T. Bell – Michael B.T. Bell
8. Marc Benioff – Marc Russell Benioff is an American internet entrepreneur, author and philanthropist. He is the founder, chairman and CEO of Salesforce, an enterprise cloud computing company. As of March 2016, he owns approximately $3 billion worth of Salesforce shares. Benioff started Salesforce in March 1999 in a rented San Francisco apartment, in 2000, he established the “1-1-1 model, ” whereby the company contributes one percent of product, one percent of equity, and one percent of employee hours back to the communities it serves globally. As of March 2016, Salesforce. org has delivered more than $115 million in grants,1.3 million employee volunteer hours, more than 700 companies have adopted the 1-1-1 model through the Pledge 1% movement. Benioff and his wife, Lynne, have focused their personal philanthropy on improving public education and he is the author of three books, including the national best seller, Behind the Cloud. Benioff was raised in a Jewish family in the San Francisco metropolitan area and he graduated from Burlingame High School in 1982. Benioff received a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from the University of Southern California in 1986, while still in high school Benioff sold his first application, How to Juggle, for $75. At 15 he founded Liberty Software, creating and selling games for the Atari 8-bit computer among others. Epyx published his King Arthurs Heir, The Nightmare, Escape from Vulcans Isle, and Crypt of the Undead, and by 16 Benioff was earning royalties of $1,500 a month, enough to pay for college. During USC he had internships as a language programmer at the Macintosh division of Apple Computer. Prior to founding Salesforce, he was at Oracle for 13 years in a variety of positions in sales, marketing. At 23, he was named Oracles Rookie of the Year, Benioff has been widely recognized for his visionary leadership and pioneering innovations. In 2016, he was named one of Fortune’s 50 World’s Greatest Leaders for his commitment to equality for all and he was also named Businessperson of the Year by Fortune readers, one of the Best CEOs in the World by Barron’s, and he received The Economist’s Innovation Award. He served as co-chairman of the President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee from 2003–2005, Benioff is also a member of the World Economic Forum Board of Trustees. Salesforce has been named one of the World’s Most Innovative Companies five years in a row by Forbes Magazine. Fortune Magazine named Salesforce as the World’s Most Admired Company in the software industry four years in a row, Benioff received an honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of Southern California on May 16,2014. Parts of this 1-1-1 model have been adopted by more than 700 companies, in 2005, the members of the World Economic Forum named him as one of its Young Global LeadersMarc Benioff – Marc Benioff
9. Joshua Bloch – Joshua J. Bloch is a software engineer and a technology author, formerly employed at Sun Microsystems and Google. He led the design and implementation of numerous Java platform features, including the Java Collections Framework, the java. math package, and the assert mechanism. He is the author of the programming guide Effective Java, which won the 2001 Jolt Award, Bloch holds a B. S. in computer science from Columbia University and a Ph. D. in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University. His 1990 thesis was titled A Practical Approach to Replication of Abstract Data Objects and was nominated for the ACM Distinguished Doctoral Dissertation Award, Bloch has worked as a Senior Systems Designer at Transarc, and later as a Distinguished Engineer at Sun Microsystems. In June 2004 he left Sun and became Chief Java Architect at Google, on August 3,2012, Bloch announced that he would be leaving Google. In December 2004, Java Developers Journal included Bloch in its list of the Top 40 Software People in the World, Bloch has proposed the extension of the Java programming language with two features, Concise Instance Creation Expressions and Automatic Resource Management blocks. The combination of CICE and ARM formed one of the three proposals for adding support for closures to Java. ARM blocks were added to the language in JDK7, Bloch is currently a faculty member of the Institute for Software Research at Carnegie Mellon University, where he holds the title Professor of the Practice. In addition to his research, Bloch teaches coursework in Software Engineering, some might think that I dont need any Java books, but I need this one. Heiss, More Effective Java With Googles Joshua Bloch October,2008 Josh Bloch, How to design a good API and why it matters, Google Tech Talk,2007Joshua Bloch – Bloch in 2008
10. Barry Boehm – He is known for his many contributions to the area of software engineering. Boehm received a B. A. in mathematics from Harvard University in 1957, and a M. S. in 1961, in 1955 he started working as a programmer-analyst at General Dynamics. In 1959 he switched to the RAND Corporation, where he was head of the Information Sciences Department until 1973, from 1973 to 1989 he was chief scientist of the Defense Systems Group at TRW Inc. Since 1992 he is TRW Professor of Software Engineering, Computer Science Department and he is an AIAA Fellow, an ACM Fellow, an IEEE Fellow, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received the Mellon Award for Excellence in Mentoring in 2005, DARPA had expected him to predict that hardware would remain the biggest problem, encouraging them to invest in even larger computers. The report inspired a change of direction in computing, Barry Boehms 1981 book Software Engineering Economics documents his Constructive Cost Model. It relates software development effort for a program, in Person-Months, P M = A ∗ B Where A is a calibration constant based on project data and B is an exponent for the software diseconomy of scale. Note, since man-years are not interchangeable with years, Brooks Law applies, thus this formula is best applied to stable software development teams which have completed multiple projects. Boehm also created the model of software development, in which the phases of development are repeatedly revisited. This iterative software development process influenced MBASE and extreme programming, Boehm refined the Delphi method of estimation to include more group iteration, making it more suitable for certain classes of problems, such as software development. This variant is called the Wideband Delphi method, the Incremental Commitment Model is a system design, developmental, and evolution process for the 21st Century systems. The systems types cover a range from COTS based systems to routine Information Systems to human intensive. In 2008, the evolving ICM for Software with its risk-driven anchor point decisions, Barry Boehm has published over 170 articles and several books. With J. R. Brown, H. Kaspar, M. Lipow, G. McLeod, englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall,1981 ISBN 0-13-822122-7. Proceedings of 2nd European Software Engineering Conference, ada and Beyond, Software Policies for the Department of Defense. Software engineering, Barry Boehms lifetime contributions to development, management. The Incremental Commitment Spiral Model, Principles and Practices for Successful Systems, Boehm, J. Lane, S. Koolmanojwong, R. Turner. Developing Multimedia Applications with the WinWin Spiral Model, with A. Egyed, J. Kwan, in, Proceedings, ESEC/FSE97 and ACM Software Engineering Notes, November 1997Barry Boehm – Barry Boehm
11. Grady Booch – Grady Booch is an American software engineer, best known for developing the Unified Modeling Language with Ivar Jacobson and James Rumbaugh. He is recognized internationally for his work in software architecture, software engineering. Booch earned his bachelors degree in 1977 from the United States Air Force Academy, Booch served as Chief Scientist of Rational Software Corporation since its founding in 1981 and through its acquisition by IBM in 2003, where he kept working until March,2008. Afterwards he became Chief Scientist, Software Engineering in IBM Research, Booch has devoted his lifes work to improving the art and the science of software development. In the 1980s, Booch wrote one of the popular books on programming in Ada. Grady Booch is best known for developing the Unified Modeling Language with Ivar Jacobson, Booch got his first exposure to programming on an IBM1130. I pounded the doors at the local IBM sales office until a salesman took pity on me, after we chatted for a while, he handed me a Fortran. Im sure he gave it to me thinking, Ill never hear from this kid again, I returned the following week saying, This is really cool. Ive read the thing and have written a small program. Where can I find a computer, the fellow, to my delight, found me programming time on an IBM1130 on weekends and late-evening hours. That was my first programming experience, and I must thank that anonymous IBM salesman for launching my career, Booch developed the Booch method of software development, which he presents in his 1991/94 book, Object Oriented Analysis and Design. He advises adding more classes to simplify complex code, the Booch method is a technique used in software engineering. It is a modeling language and methodology that was widely used in object-oriented analysis. It was developed by Booch while at Rational Software, methodological aspects of the Booch method have been incorporated into several methodologies and processes, the primary such methodology being the Rational Unified Process. Booch is also an advocate of design patterns, for instance, he wrote the foreword to Design Patterns, an early and highly influential book in the field. Grady continues to engage with customers working on problems and maintains deep relationships with academia. Grady is one of the authors of the Unified Modeling Language and was also one of the original developers of several of Rationals products. Grady has served as architect and architectural mentor for numerous complex software-intensive systems around the world in just about every domain imaginable, Grady Booch published several articles and booksGrady Booch – Grady Booch in 2011.
12. Gilad Bracha – Gilad Bracha is the creator of the Newspeak programming language, a software engineer at Google and a member of the Dart team. He is a co-author of the second and third editions of the Java Language Specification, between 1994 and 1997, he worked on the Smalltalk system developed by Animorphic Systems, a company that was bought by Sun in 1997. From 1997 to 2006, he worked at Sun Microsystems as Computational Theologist and, as of 2005, Distinguished Engineer, following that, he was Distinguished Engineer at Cadence Design Systems from 2006 to 2009, where he led a team of developers designing and implementing Newspeak. Bracha received his B. Sc in Mathematics and Computer Science from Ben Gurion University in Israel, in 2006, Gilad Bracha together with Neal Gafter, James Gosling, and Peter von der Ahé drafted a specification for adding closures to the Java programming language version 6. The proposal has been criticized by Joshua Bloch on terms of being needlessly complex while providing little benefit for the average Java programmer over other simpler proposals, closures were added to Java 8, but based on a different proposal than the BGGA one. It has been proposed by Bracha that choice of type system be made independent of choice of language and he believes this is advantageous, because what he calls mandatory type systems make languages less expressive and code more fragile. The requirement that types do not affect the semantics of the language is challenging to fulfill, for example, in practice, pluggable type systems are variously called optional typing, type hinting, type annotations or gradual type checking. They tend to be constructed by adding a type system to an existing dynamically typed language without changing its semantics. Examples include Smalltalk, Python 3, Ruby, Clojure, for most of the languages there is only one implementation of the type system. The exception is Python 3 where the system is truly pluggable, because there are several implementations. The only language designed with pluggable type system in mind from the beginning is Newspeak, Java 8 provides the ability to extend the type system but does not allow flexibility in the basics of the type system, such as choosing between static and dynamic typing. A1998 paper authored by Bracha claims that casts inserted by the translation are guaranteed to not fail, although initially true, wildcards were added and made the type system unsound. Bracha’s Home Page Bracha’s blog Bracha’s old blog at SunGilad Bracha – Gilad Bracha 2006
13. Fred Brooks – Frederick Phillips Fred Brooks, Jr. Brooks has received many awards, including the National Medal of Technology in 1985 and the Turing Award in 1999. Brooks joined IBM in 1956, working in Poughkeepsie, New York and Yorktown and he worked on the architecture of the IBM7030 Stretch, a $10 million scientific supercomputer of which nine were sold, and the IBM7950 Harvest computer for the National Security Agency. Subsequently, he became manager for the development of the IBM System/360 family of computers, during this time he coined the term computer architecture. It was in The Mythical Man-Month that Brooks made the now-famous statement and this has since come to be known as Brookss law. In addition to The Mythical Man-Month, Brooks is also known for the paper No Silver Bullet — Essence, in 1964, Brooks accepted an invitation to come to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and found the Universitys computer science department. He chaired it for 20 years, as of 2013 he was still engaged in active research there, primarily in virtual environments and scientific visualization. In a 2010 interview by Kevin Kelly for an article in Wired Magazine, Brooks responded The most important single decision I ever made was to change the IBM360 series from a 6-bit byte to an 8-bit byte, thereby enabling the use of lowercase letters. A 20th anniversary edition of The Mythical Man-Month with four chapters was published in 1995. His contributions to Human–computer interaction are described in Ben Shneidermans HCI pioneers website, Brooks has served on a number of US national boards and committees. In 1994 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery, Brooks is an evangelical Christian who is active with InterVarsity Christian Fellowship. Media related to Fred Brooks at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Fred Brooks at WikiquoteFred Brooks – Frederick Phillips Brooks, Jr.
14. Bryan Cantrill – Bryan M. Cantrill is an American Software Engineer who worked at Sun Microsystems and later at Oracle Corporation following its acquisition of Sun. He left Oracle on July 25,2010 to become the Vice President of Engineering at Joyent. and is currently Chief Technology Officer at Joyent, Cantrill was born in Vermont, later moving to Colorado, where he attained the rank of Eagle Scout. He studied computer science at Brown University, spending two summers at QNX Software Systems doing kernel development, upon completing his B. Sc. in 1996, he immediately joined Sun Microsystems to work with Jeff Bonwick in the Solaris Performance Group. In 2005 Bryan Cantrill was named one of the 35 Top Young Innovators by Technology Review, Cantrill was included in the TR35 list for his development of DTrace, a function of the OS Solaris 10 that provides a non-invasive means for real-time tracing and diagnosis of software. Sun technologies and technologists, including DTrace and Cantrill, also received an InfoWorld Innovators Award that year, in 2006, The DTrace trouble-shooting software from Sun was chosen as the Gold winner in Wall Street Journals 2006 Technology Innovation Awards contest. In 2008, Cantrill, Mike Shapiro and Adam Leventhal were recognized with the USENIX Software Tools User Group award for the provision of a significant enabling technology. Together with Shapiro and Leventhal, Cantrill founded Fishworks, a project within Sun Microsystems which produced the Sun Storage 7000 Unified Storage Systems. He left Oracle on July 25,2010 to become the Vice President of Engineering at Joyent and he is currently Chief Technology Officer at Joyent. He is a member of the ACM Queue Editorial Board, during an online technical discussion of Solaris with Linux kernel developer David S. Miller in 1996, Cantrill responded to Millers lengthy comment with a one-line reply, Have you ever kissed a girl. After Cantrill left Oracle in 2010 he used very strong analogies multiple times to describe his point of view on Oracles business behavior, Cantrill announced at FISL2012 his strong preference for permissive open source software licenses over copyleft licenses by calling the copyleft GPL license family anti-collaborative and viral. Bryan M. Cantrill, Michael W. Shapiro and Adam H. Leventhal, proceedings of the 2004 USENIX Annual Technical Conference. Bryan M. Cantrill, Thomas W. Doeppner, threadMon, A Tool for Monitoring Multithreaded Program Performance. 30th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences Volume 1, Software Technology and ArchitectureBryan Cantrill – Bryan Cantrill
15. Vint Cerf – Vinton Gray Cerf ForMemRS, is an American Internet pioneer, who is recognized as one of the fathers of the Internet, sharing this title with TCP/IP co-inventor Bob Kahn. In the early days, Cerf was a manager for the United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency funding various groups to develop TCP/IP technology, Cerf was instrumental in the funding and formation of ICANN from the start. He waited in the wings for a year before he stepped forward to join the ICANN Board and he was elected as the president of the Association for Computing Machinery in May 2012, and in August 2013 he joined the Council on CyberSecuritys Board of Advisors. Cerf is active in organizations that are working to help the Internet deliver humanitarian value in our world today. He is supportive of innovative projects that are experimenting with new approaches to problems, including the digital divide, the gender gap. Cerf is also known for his style, typically appearing in a three-piece suit—a rarity in an industry known for its casual dress norms. Cerf was born in New Haven, Connecticut, the son of Muriel, a housewife, and Vinton Thruston Cerf, Cerf went to Van Nuys High School in California along with Jon Postel and Steve Crocker, he wrote the formers obituary. Both were also instrumental in the creation of the Internet, whilst in high school, Cerf worked at Rocketdyne on the Apollo program, including helping to write statistical analysis software for the non-destructive tests of the F-1 engines. Cerfs first job after obtaining his B. S. degree in mathematics from Stanford University was at IBM and he left IBM to attend graduate school at UCLA where he earned his M. S. degree in 1970 and his PhD degree in 1972. While at UCLA, he also met Bob Kahn, who was working on the ARPANet hardware architecture, Cerf then moved to DARPA in 1976, where he stayed until 1982. As vice president of MCI Digital Information Services from 1982 to 1986, Cerf led the engineering of MCI Mail, the first commercial email service to be connected to the Internet. In 1986, he joined Bob Kahn at the Corporation for National Research Initiatives as its president, working with Kahn on Digital Libraries, Knowledge Robots. It was during time, in 1992, that he and Kahn, among others, founded the Internet Society to provide leadership in education, policy. Cerf served as the first president of ISOC, Cerf rejoined MCI during 1994 and served as Senior Vice President of Technology Strategy. In this role, he helped to guide corporate strategy development from a technical perspective, during 1997, Cerf joined the Board of Trustees of Gallaudet University, a university for the education of the deaf and hard-of-hearing. Cerf himself is hard of hearing and he has also served on the universitys Board of Associates. Cerf, as leader of MCIs internet business, was criticized due to MCIs role in providing the IP addresses used by Send-Safe. com, MCI refused to terminate the spamware vendor. At the time, Spamhaus also listed MCI as the ISP with the most Spamhaus Block List listings, Cerf has worked for Google as a Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist since October 2005Vint Cerf – Vinton Cerf in Vilnius, September 2010
16. Larry Constantine – He has contributed numerous concepts and techniques forming the foundations of modern practice in software engineering and applications design and development. Constantine grew up in Anoka, Minnesota, and graduated from Anoka High School in 1961 after being active in debate and he was named Most Likely to Succeed by his classmates. Constantine received an S. B. in Management from the MIT Sloan School of Management in 1967 with a specialization in information systems and he received a certificate in Family Therapy 1973 from the Boston Family Institute, two-year post graduate training program. Constantine started his career as a Technical Aid/Programmer at M. I. T. Laboratory for Nuclear Science in 1963, from 1963 to 1966 he was a Staff Consultant and Programmer/Analyst at C E I R, Inc. From 1966 to 1968 he was President of the Information & Systems Institute, in 1967 also he became a Post-graduate program instructor at the Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania. From 1968 to 1972 he was a faculty member of the I. B. M, in 1973 he became Director of Research, Concord, Massachusetts Family Service Society. From 1973 to 1980 he was Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Tufts University, until 1987 he was Assistant Professor of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Connecticut. From 1984 to 1986 he was also Clinical Supervisor, Adolescent and Family Intervention, LUK, from 1987 to 1993 he also worked as Independent Consultant. He remained a Chief Scientist, Principal Consultant, Constantine & Lockwood, from 1994-1999 he was Professor of Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, Australia. In 1999 Constantine received the Jolt Award for Product Excellence, best book of 1999 for his Software for Use, in 2001 he received the Platinum Award of Excellence, Performance-Centered Design Competition 2001, Siemens AG, STEP-7 Lite. In 2006 he was recognized as a Distinguished Engineer by the Association for Computing Machinery and he is the 2009 recipient of the Stevens Award for outstanding contributions to the literature or practice of methods for software and systems development. He received a Simon Rockower Award in 2011 from the American Jewish Press Association and he was a finalist for the 2014 Eric Hoffer Book Award. Constantine specializes in the side of software development. His published work includes the classic text, Structured Design, written with Ed Yourdon. His contributions to the practice of development began in 1968 with his pioneering work in Modular programming concepts. Constantine was the force behind the discipline of Structured Design. The key features of Structured Design, such as Structure Chart and he joined the faculty of IBM’s Systems Research Institute the same year, where he taught for four years and further refined his conceptsLarry Constantine – Larry Constantine
17. Brad Cox – Cox received his Bachelor of Science Degree in Organic Chemistry and Mathematics from Furman University, and his Ph. D. from the Department of Mathematical Biology at the University of Chicago. Among his first known software projects, he wrote a PDP-8 program for simulating clusters of neurons and he worked at the National Institutes of Health and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute before moving into the software profession. Cox is also an entrepreneur, having founded the Stepstone company together with Tom Love for releasing the first Objective-C implementation, later, NeXT acquired Objective-C from Stepstone. Objective-C continued to be the programming language for writing software for Apple’s OS X. Online course Taming the Electronic Frontier won a Paul Allen Distance Education Award in 1998, object Oriented Programming, An Evolutionary Approach. Superdistribution, Objects as Property on the Electronic Frontier, belaboring the Obvious - personal blog Virtual School Hutchinson, James. The A to Z of programming languages, Objective-CBrad Cox – The former firehouse factory at 75 Glen Road, Sandy Hook, CT where the Stepstone company was housed in the late 1980s, founded by Brad Cox and Tom Love for releasing the Objective-C programming language
18. Chris Cox (Facebook) – Cox received a bachelors degree in symbolic systems with a concentration in artificial intelligence from Stanford University, which he attended from 2001 to 2004. Cox dropped out of a degree program at Stanford to join Facebook in 2005. He started as a engineer and worked on first versions of many key Facebook products. As a 25-year-old engineer, he was promoted to Director of Human Resources, as of July 2016 he held approximately 391 thousand Facebook shares worth $45 million. Cox oversees hundreds of engineers, designers and product managers responsible for new features and he helped build Facebook’s News Feed and still oversees the News Feed team. His May 2014 promotion to Chief Product Officer “cements as a leader of Facebook alongside COO Sheryl Sandberg. ”Cox gives a talk to all new recruits about Facebook’s mission, culture and philosophy. Business Insider called Cox “a triple threat — an engineer who can build company-defining products, an operator who can recruit and manage good people, “Technology does not need to estrange us from one another, ” Cox told Wired. “The physical reality comes alive with the stories we have told there. ”Cox envisions a future in which what your friends recommend on social networks plays a bigger role in what you buy, do. He told The Wall Street Journal that he believes there will be a time “when you turn on the TV, and you see what your mom and friends are watching, instead of 999 channels, you will see 999 recommendations from your friends. Cox was born in Atlanta and raised in Winnetka, Illinois, at an early age, he learned to play piano and to program computers. He has played in New Triers jazz band and is considered a “remarkably talented keyboardist” in a reggae bandChris Cox (Facebook) – Chris Cox of Facebook
19. Peter J. Denning – Peter James Denning is an American computer scientist and writer. Denning was born January 6,1942, in Queens, NY and he took an early interest in science, pursuing astronomy, botany, radio, and electronics while in grade school. At Fairfield Prep, he submitted home designed computers to the fair in 1958,1959. The second computer, which solved linear equations using pinball machine parts and he attended Manhattan College for a Bachelor in EE and then MIT for a PhD. At MIT he was part of Project MAC and contributed to the design of Multics and his PhD thesis, Resource allocation in multiprocess computer systems, introduced seminal ideas in working sets, locality, thrashing, and system balance. At Princeton University from 1968 to 1972, he wrote his book, Operating Systems Principles. He collaborated with Alfred Aho and Jeffrey Ullman on optimality proofs for paging algorithms, at Purdue University he supervised numerous PhD theses validating locality-based theories of memory management and extending the new mathematics of operational analysis of queueing networks. He became department head in 1979 and completed another book on computational models, Machines, Languages, at George Mason University from 1991 to 2002 he headed the Computer Science Department, was an associate dean and vice provost, and founded the Center for the New Engineer. The Center was a pioneer in web-based learning and he created a design course for engineers, called Sense 21, which was the basis of his project to understand innovation as a skill. He created a course on Core of Information, Technology the basis his Great Principles of Computing project, at Naval Postgraduate School since 2002 he heads the Computer Science Department, directs the Cebrowski Institute for Innovation and Information Superiority. Denning served continuously as a volunteer in Association for Computing Machinery since 1967, in that time he served as president, vice president, three board chairs, Member-at-Large, Editor of ACM Computing Surveys, and Editor of the monthly ACM Communications. He received seven ACM awards for service, technical contribution, ACM presented him with a special award in June 2007 recognizing 40 years of continuous service. Denning has received 26 awards for service and technical contribution and he married Dorothy E. Denning in 1974. She went on to become a computer security expert. Dennings career has been a search for fundamental principles in subfields of computing, from 1980 to 1982 he wrote 24 columns as ACM President, focusing on technical and political issues of the field. From 1985 to 1993 he wrote 47 columns on The Science of Computing for American Scientist magazine, beginning in 2001 he has written quarterly IT Profession columns for Communications of the ACM, focusing on principles of value to practicing professionals. In 1966 he proposed the working set as a measure of memory demand. His working set paper became a classic and it received an ACM Best paper award in 1968 and a SIGOPS Hall of Fame Award in 2005Peter J. Denning – (by Louis Fabian Bachrach)
20. Christopher Fabian – Christopher Fabian is a technologist who co-founded UNICEFs Innovation Unit with Erica Kochi in 2006. He currently runs UNICEF Ventures - and makes investments into open source technologies that can provide solutions to societal problems, between 2007 and 2015 he held the role of Senior Advisor on Innovation to the Executive Director at UNICEF. Fabian spent a year as Senior Advisor on Innovation to the Executive Office of the Secretary-General, in 2013, he and Kochi were on the Time 100 list of global influencers. Fabian studied philosophy at the American University in Cairo and at Trinity College in Dublin and he also holds a degree in Media Studies from the New School in New York, NY. Before joining UNICEF, Fabian founded companies in Africa and the Middle East, since 2007, Fabian has been Senior Advisor on Innovation to the Executive Director at UNICEF. He co-founded UNICEFs Office of Innovation, which focuses on connecting those with good ideas to those with the means to them to scale. Since 2015, UNICEF convenes these networks of changemakers primarily through the Unit’s Innovation Fund and its Global Innovation Centre, the Global Innovation Centre, based in Nairobi, helps take successful ideas to scale and cultivates South-South innovation. The Office of Innovation has developed open source tools for improving basic health and it has helped build the largest mobile health system in the world in Nigeria, which has reported on more than 17M births by SMS. Other tools include U-Report, which enables over 3 million young people in 34 developing and developed countries to be connected to decision makers via SMS, and globally via Twitter. The Office of Innovation has also used real-time SMS to help stop the spread of Ebola, smartphones to register children after a disaster, Fabian has advocated for technologists in the development space to incorporate UNICEF’s Innovation principles. These Principles, such as be open source, build with local technologists, in 2011, Fabian advised on the creation of a framework of innovations labs linking WHO, UNDP, UNICEF as well as public and private-sector partners around in-country innovation. In 2015, Fabian designed the first Global Innovation Summit for Children, co-organised by UNICEF, UNICEF’s work on Information Poverty tries to use machine learning, data science, and technology to quantify and optimize a child’s access to information. In 2014, the Innovation Unit’s expanded the open-source system RapidPro, Fabian was also a producer on the award-winning virtual-reality film Clouds Over Sidra, created by Vrse. works. The film follows Sidra, a 12-year-old girl that has fled her home in Syria due to the ongoing crisis and it provides a look into the day-to-day life that these refugees endure with narration from Sidra herself. As of 2017, the Innovation Fund holds USD $11 million and has made over 30 investments in 26 countries, in 2016, it added a UNICEF Ventures fund for small, early-stage investments. In 2016, Fabian has worked to build platforms that can allow for development, testing. Ventures work has included investment in “frontier technology” such as Drones, UAVs, data science, examples include the UNICEF Drone Corridor in Malawi, in 2016, and the Magic Box platform for working with large realtime datasets. The Magic Box platform allows companies like IBM, Google, Fabian believes that technology is not the end-product of innovation, but a driver of new ways of thinking about development problemsChristopher Fabian – Christopher Fabian
21. Donald Firesmith – Donald G. Firesmith is an American software engineer, consultant, and trainer at the Software Engineering Institute. Firesmith received his B. A. in Mathematics and German from Linfield College in 1975 and he also studied one year at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. From 1984 to 1988 he was an OO methodologist at Magnavox Electronic Systems Corporation, and from 1988 to 1995 he was President of Advanced Software Technology Specialists, a small consulting and training company. From 1994 to 1997 he has been an editor and editor. Firesmith was named a Distinguished Engineer by the Association of Computing Machinery in 2015, Firesmith is a co-founder with Brian Henderson-Sellers and Ian Graham of the international OPEN Consortium. Firesmith was the developer of the OPEN Modeling Language. Firesmith is the founder of the The OPEN Process Framework Repository Organization, the OPEN approach to software development is founded on situational method engineering. This is a means by which a software development team can construct a method, the SME approach is based on research by many groups worldwide – results from a recent conference are published. Firesmith is the developer of the Method Framework for Engineering System Architectures. Object-Oriented Requirements Analysis and Logical Design, A Software Engineering Approach, John Wiley & Sons, the Dictionary of Object Technology, The Definitive Desk Reference, Cambridge University Books, ISBN 0-13-373887-6, with Edward M. Eykholt 1998. OPEN Modeling Language Reference Manual, Cambridge University Books, ISBN 1-884842-75-5, with Brian Henderson-Sellers, documenting a Complete Java Application using OPEN, Addison-Wesley Longman, ISBN 0-201-34277-4, with Scott Krutsch, Marshall Stowe, and Greg Hendley 2001. The OPEN Process Framework, Addison-Wesley Longman, ISBN 0-201-67510-2, with Brian Henderson-Sellers 2008, the Method Framework for Engineering System Architectures, Auerbach Publication, ISBN 978-1-4200-8575-4, with Peter Capell, Dietrich Falkenthal, Charles B. Hammons, DeWitt T. Latimer IV, and Tom Merendino 2013Donald Firesmith – Donald Firesmith in 2006
22. Scott Forstall – Having spent his career first at NeXT and then Apple, he was the senior vice president of iOS Software at Apple Inc. from 2007 until October 2012. Forstall grew up in a family in Kitsap County, Washington. His older brother Bruce is also a software design engineer. He achieved an impressive 4.0 GPA and earned the position of valedictorian, a position he shared with a classmate, Molly Brown and he had established the goal of being a designer of high-tech electronics equipment, as he proclaimed in an interview with a local newspaper. Enrolling at Stanford University, he graduated in 1991 with a degree in symbolic systems, the next year he received his masters degree in computer science, also from Stanford. During his time at Stanford, Forstall was a member of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity, Forstall joined Steve Jobss NeXT in 1992 and stayed when it was purchased by Apple in 1997. Forstall was then placed in charge of designing user interfaces for a reinvigorated Macintosh line and he was promoted to Senior Vice President in January 2003. During this period, he supervised the creation of the Safari web browser, don Melton, a senior developer on the Safari team, credited Forstall for being willing to trust the instincts of his team and respecting their ability to develop the browser in secret. In 2005, when Jobs began planning the iPhone, he had a choice to either shrink the Mac, Jobs favored the former approach but pitted the Macintosh and iPod teams, led by Forstall and Tony Fadell, respectively, against each other in an internal competition. Forstall won that competition to create iOS. Forstall was also responsible for creating a software developers kit for programmers to build iPhone apps, Forstall received credit as he ran the iOS mobile software team like clockwork and was widely respected for his ability to perform under pressure. At WWDC2011, Forstall introduced iOS5, Forstall also appears in the iOS5 video, narrating about three-quarters of the clip, and in almost every major Apple iOS special event. At the Lets talk iPhone event launching the iPhone 4S, he took the stage to demonstrate the phones Siri voice recognition technology, the aftermath of the release of iOS6, on September 19,2012, proved a troubled period for Apple. The newly introduced Maps application, completely designed in-house by Apple, was criticised for being underdeveloped, buggy and lacking in detail. In addition, the app used a design based on the trademarked Swiss railway clock. In October, Apple reported third-quarter results in which revenues and profits grew less than predicted, on October 29,2012, Apple announced in a press release that Scott Forstall will be leaving Apple and will serve as an advisor to CEO Tim Cook in the interim. On the same day, John Browett, who was SVP of retail, was dismissed immediately after only six months on the job. Neither Forstall nor any other Apple executive has commented publicly on his departure beyond the initial press statement, all information about the reasons for his departure therefore come from anonymous sourcesScott Forstall – Scott Forstall presenting at Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference 2012.
23. Dan Fredinburg – Daniel Paul Dan Fredinburg was an American Google executive, climate activist, inventor, explorer and entrepreneur. He died on April 25,2015, of injuries in an avalanche at Mount Everests South Base Camp triggered by the April 2015 Nepal earthquake. Fredinburg grew up on a farm in Norfork, Arkansas, and left home at age 15 to attend the Arkansas School for Mathematics, Sciences, and he began working for Google in 2007. Fredinburg was head of privacy at Google X, an advisor on Project Loon, Fredinburg was co-inventor of more than a dozen software technologies that were patented by Google. Prior to working at Google, Fredinburg worked on future combat systems in the industry at Boeing. On April 24,2015, Fredinburg unrolled a banner on top of Kala Patthar, five Sherpas carried Fredinburgs body down the mountain, to a U. S. Army Special Forces helicopter evacuating climbers several days after the avalanche. Fredinburg likened Aconcagua to a gates of hell experience, telling Time there were mule skeletons sticking up out of the ground, Fredinburg also climbed the difficult and relatively inaccessible Puncak Jaya, highest peak in Oceania, and was briefly jailed after descending into the nearby Grasberg mine. In the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, Frendinburg organized an effort in New York City, Staten Island. A2014 SaveTheIce. org project in the Baltic states was featured in the Discovery Digital Networks production In the Making, Fredinburg founded The Laundry, a San Francisco-based business incubator geared towards building a community and productive environment for social impact. Fredinburg dated actress Sophia Bush from 2013 to 2014, the two remained close friends after breaking up. Upon learning of Fredinburgs death, Bush stated, There are no adequate words, im devastated and simultaneously so deeply grateful to have known and loved him. A Crowdrise page set up raised approximately $100,000 for relief in Nepal, a 5013 foundation was created in Fredinburgs name, Dan Fredinburg Foundation aims to raise funds indefinitely to power social movements around invention, adventure, and action. LiveDan, a website, was launched to promote the principles which guided Fredinburgs life. The Laundry SF Dan Fredinburg Foundation Save The Ice Live Dan Dan Fredinburgs Google+ pageDan Fredinburg – Dan Fredinburg
24. Patri Friedman – Patri Friedman is an American libertarian activist and theorist of political economy. He founded the nonprofit Seasteading Institute, which explores the creation of sovereign ocean colonies, Friedman grew up in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, and is a graduate of Upper Merion Area High School, class of 1994, where he went by the name Patri Forwalter-Friedman. He was named after Patri J. Pugliese, a friend of his parents. He graduated from Harvey Mudd College in 1998, and went on to Stanford University to obtain his masters degree in computer science and he also holds an MBA from New York Institute of Technology – Ellis College. He worked as an engineer at Google. As a poker player, he cashed in the World Series of Poker four times, Friedman was executive director of the Seasteading Institute, founded on April 15,2008, with a half-million-dollar donation by PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel. The Institutes mission is to establish permanent, autonomous communities to enable experimentation and innovation with diverse social, political. This was initially a part-time project — one day a week working as a Google engineer the rest of the time —. He and partner Wayne Gramlich hoped to float the first prototype seastead in the San Francisco Bay by 2010, at the October 2010 Seasteading social, it was announced that current plans were to launch a seastead by 2014. Since attending the Burning Man festival in 2000, Friedman imagined creating a festival called Ephemerisle as a Seasteading experiment. Through the Seasteading Institute, Friedman was able to start the Ephemerisle festival in 2009, aided by TSIs James Hogan as event organizer, the first Ephemerisle is chronicled in a documentary by Jason Sussberg. Since 2010, the event has been annual and community-run, on 31 July 2011, Friedman stepped down from the position as Executive Director of Seasteading Institute, but remained chairman of the board. Later, he co-founded the Future Cities Development Corporation, a project to establish a charter city within the borders of Honduras. In 2012 it was announced the initiative would be halted due to the political climate of Honduras. During his poker career, Patri Freidman was predicted to become a champion by Card Player Magazine. He claims to have created AI bots for online poker, Patri is the grandson of Nobel Prize-winning economist Milton Friedman and economist Rose Friedman and son of economist and physicist David D. Friedman. He is divorced and has two children, as of December 2015, he is engaged. Let A Thousand Nations Bloom, blog about competitive government by Friedman, Jonathan Wilde, Mike Gibson, Will Chamberlain, podcast interview, WS Radio, Patri Friedman Audio, Western Standard, 6-19-08 Lee, Timothy BPatri Friedman – Patri Friedman of the Seasteading Institute in Helsinki on 13 May 2011.
25. Bill Gates – William Henry Bill Gates III is an American business magnate, investor, author, and philanthropist. In 1975, Gates and Paul Allen co-founded Microsoft, which became the worlds largest PC software company, during his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, CEO and chief software architect, and was the largest individual shareholder until May 2014. Gates has authored and co-authored several books, since 1987, Gates has been included in the Forbes list of the worlds wealthiest people and was the wealthiest from 1995 to 2007, again in 2009, and has been since 2014. Between 2009 and 2014, his wealth doubled from US$40 billion to more than US$82 billion, between 2013 and 2014, his wealth increased by US$15 billion. Gates is currently the richest person in the world, with a net worth of US$85.6 billion as of February 2017. Gates is one of the entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. He has been criticized for his business tactics, which have been considered anti-competitive, Gates stepped down as chief executive officer of Microsoft in January 2000. He remained as chairman and created the position of chief architect for himself. In June 2006, Gates announced that he would be transitioning from full-time work at Microsoft to part-time work and he gradually transferred his duties to Ray Ozzie and Craig Mundie. He stepped down as chairman of Microsoft in February 2014, taking on a new post as adviser to support the then newly appointed CEO Satya Nadella. Gates was born in Seattle, Washington on October 28,1955 and he is the son of William H. Gates Sr. and Mary Maxwell Gates. His ancestry includes English, German, Irish, and Scots-Irish and his father was a prominent lawyer, and his mother served on the board of directors for First Interstate BancSystem and the United Way. Gates maternal grandfather was JW Maxwell, a bank president. Gates has one sister, Kristi, and one younger sister. He is the fourth of his name in his family, but is known as William Gates III or Trey because his father had the II suffix, early on in his life, Gates parents had a law career in mind for him. When Gates was young, his family attended a church of the Congregational Christian Churches. The family encouraged competition, one reported that it didnt matter whether it was hearts or pickleball or swimming to the dock. There was always a reward for winning and there was always a penalty for losing, at 13, he enrolled in the Lakeside School, a private preparatory schoolBill Gates – Gates in June 2015.
26. Greg Gianforte – Greg Gianforte is an American engineer, businessman, and politician. Gianforte and his wife founded RightNow Technologies, customer-experience software company, the couple is known for their philanthropy and relationships with various Christian and conservative groups including Focus on the Family and The Heritage Foundation. Gianforte holds a B. E. in electrical engineering and an M. S. degree in computer science, Gianforte began his career at AT&T Bell Laboratories and was one of the engineers on AT&Ts StarLAN Network project. Gianforte co-founded Brightwork Development, a developer of network management applications and he sold the business to McAfee Associates in 1994. Gianforte went on to serve as North American VP, where the companys North American sales operation grew from $25 million to more than $60 million in revenues in less than a year. Gianforte founded RightNow Technologies in 1997 which went public in 2004 and was sold to Oracle Corporation for $1.5 billion in 2011, before the sale, RightNow Technologies employed about 500 people at its headquarters in Bozeman, Montana and over 1000 people in total. Gianforte is a member of FICO and chair of the board at Petra Academy. Gianforte was chosen as the 2014 graduation commencement speaker at Montana Tech, the choice of speaker resulted in a protest by students and faculty critical of Gianfortes financial support of a museum promoting young Earth creationism and his opposition to same-sex marriage. Gianfortes personal foundation has ties to groups such as the Heritage Foundation. On January 20,2016, Gianforte announced his candidacy for the Republican Partys nomination for Governor of Montana in the 2016 election, however, he had a political practices complaint filed against him after he allegedly started campaigning before registering. Gianforte ran on a platform that he believed would create a high wage economy in Montana, in a campaign speech that year, Gianforte stated that Facebook had passed over Montana for a call center because of that states business equipment tax. Facebooks spokesman Andy Stone said later that no discussions with Gianforte took place, steve Bullock, the incumbent Democratic governor, defeated Gianforte in the November general election, 50%–46%. On March 1,2017, Republican U. S, representative Ryan Zinke of Montanas at-large congressional district resigned his seat following his confirmation by the United States Senate as United States Secretary of the Interior. Governor Bullock set an election to finish Zinkes term for May 25 that same day. Gianforte had already announced his intention to seek the seat on January 25, prior to Zinkes confirmation, at a March 6 convention, the Republican Party selected Gianforte as their nominee. He will face Democratic musician and former Montana Arts Council member Rob Quist in the general election, in 2006, Gianforte and his wife founded the Gianforte Family Foundation. He, his wife, and his son are the three board members. In 2009, the Gianforte Family Foundation helped fund the $1.5 million creationist dinosaur museum in Glendive, Gianforte received an honorary doctorate from Stevens Institute of Technology and gave the commencement speech in 2012Greg Gianforte – Greg Gianforte