401st Brigade (IDF)
The 401st Iron Tracks Brigade is an Armored Brigade in the 162nd Division of the Israeli Defence Forces. Since August 2016 it is commanded by Colonel Ohad Nagma, established in 1966,401 Brigade is one of the youngest brigades of the IDF. It took its current form in 1985, the brigade was initially composed of the 46th and 195th Armored Battalions and the 52nd and 34th Infantry Battalions, which were eventually converted to armor. The 34th Battalion was eventually disbanded and re-established in 1988 as an anti-tank battalion, in 2002 it was returned to the brigade, and in 2005 was transferred to the Judea and Samaria Territorial Division. The brigade was formed by expanding and splitting the 14th Armored Brigade together with which they held the 160 kilometer long Suez Canal defensive line in Sinai, the brigade was the first to be equipped with American Patton M60 tanks. Along with the 188th Brigade on the Golan Heights the brigade suffered heavy losses in the days of the war. The 195th Battalion אדם Adam belonged to the brigade in the war, in 1981 195th Battalion was transferred to the 500th Armored Brigade, although a year the brigade received the 9th Battalion.
In the war the brigade took part as a part of the Eastern Corps through the Lebanon ridge, one of the brigades battalions took part in the Sultan Yaakub engagement, making it all the way to the Beirut-Damascus highway. The brigade alternated between varied infantry missions in the West Bank, mainly in the Jordan Valley, with missions in the Security Zone in south Lebanon. Since 2000 the brigade has been serving in the Israeli occupied territories, doing mostly infantry and police duty, in July 2006, when the 2006 Lebanon War broke, the 401st Brigade was among the first units to travel up north into battle. The brigade fought mostly in the Eastern zone, by the villages of Markabeh, Bint Jbeil, the 401st Brigade lost 12 of its soldiers in battle, dozens were injured. In 2009, the played a vital role in the Operation Cast Lead. The brigade entered the Gaza Strip through the Netzarim Corridor and kept up its advance until it had reached the coast, after the operation the brigade resumed training.
IVm tanks of 401st Brigade killed between 120-130 Hamas militants during the ground fighting phase of Operation Protective Edge, according to the IDF
162nd Division (Israel)
The Israel Defense Forces 162nd Armor Division, known as the Steel Formation, is a regular-service armor division in the IDF. It is subordinate to the Central Regional Command, the division is led by Brigadier-General Moti Baruch. It played a role in the 1973 Yom Kippur War in the Sinai under Abraham Adan. Although attached to the Central Command, the 162nd Division participated in battles against Hezbollah, from July to August 2006, in the sector of southern Lebanon. The division reached the strategic Litani River, that separates Hezbollah-controlled Lebanon from central Lebanon, the division participated in additional skirmishes with Hezbollah as late as September 27
254 Squadron (Israel)
254 Squadron, known as the Midland Squadron, is a former unit of the Israeli Air Force. 254 Squadron was formed in April 1980 at Hatzor to operate the IAI Kfir C-1 and these had served with 109 Squadron which had begun to equip with the C-2 variant. Manned mainly by reserve pilots,254 Squadron was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Giora Epstein, Israels highest scoring ace. A year the squadron received an additional type, the Dassault Mirage III. The Mirage had once stood at the vanguard of the Israeli Air Force, by the late 1970s, these veteran French aircraft were superseded by the IAFs next generation of fighter aircraft, the American F-15 Eagle and F-16 Fighting Falcon. The first squadron to re-equip with the Falcon,117 Squadron, had in 1979 transferred its former mounts to 253 Squadron at Eitam,254 Squadron was operating both types when the 1982 Lebanon War broke out, during which the Mirages continued flying combat air patrols. On at least one occasion they were even vectored towards enemy aircraft, in 1984, as more Kfir C-2s were rolling off the production line, the Kfir C-1s were leased to the US military and 254 Squadron was deactivated.
The 254 Squadron badge was a bird over the outline of Israels coastline. Its Kfirs wore the standard four-tone camouflague used by all IAF delta-winged fighters at the time, though usually without the black identifications triangles common on the Mirages and they carried serials in the 700 range, which were applied on the tail and nose gear. While with 253 Squadron, the Mirages had received blue rudders with two white chevrons separated by a black band, at the end of their tenure with the squadron some aircraft were seen with the top chevron changed to red. When the Mirages joined 254 Squadron, not only were the different rudders maintained, the different markings may have been an attempt at disinformation, meant to mislead uninformed observers. Air War on the Edge – A History of the Israel Air Force and its Aircraft since 1947
1932 Maccabiah Games
The 1st Maccabiah was the first edition of the Maccabiah, which was held in Mandatory Palestine from March 28 to April 2,1932. The games were in commemoration of the 1800th anniversary of the Bar Kokhba revolt, despite many obstacles and setbacks, the first Maccabiah was regarded as a great success. The 1st Maccabiah was the result of almost two decades of attempt by Yosef Yekutieli to allow Jews in Eretz Yisrael to participate in athletic competitions. It wasnt until the Maccabi World Congress in 1929 that his proposal was accepted, the games officially opened on March 28,1932. Due to severe lack of funds, the construction of the Maccabiah Stadium did not start until a few weeks prior to the opening ceremony. The land of the stadium was allocated by the British Government which loaned it to Maccabi, the stadium was completed on the night before the opening ceremony. Hosts helped out by taking their guests to their events,1, 000s flowed to the Maccabiah, many via cars, and on foot. Many of the spectators came wearing white suits and blue hats - as one of the largest Zionist events in history, a large ball was held in Beit Haam on Ben Yehuda Street in Tel Aviv.
390 athletes from 27 countries participated in the first Maccabiah, the municipality of Tel Aviv decorated the streets with greenery and flowers. The city was coated with blue and white banners of the Maccabiah, the parade started off with the participants at the Herzliya Gymnasium marching toward the stadium north of the city. At the stadium, they were greeted by the High Commissioner Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope, the parade was led by a convoy of horse riders, including Avraham Shapira. Among those riders was Tel Avivs mayor, Meir Dizengoff, who rode on a white horse. 20,000 spectators were at the opening ceremony, the Maccabiah became known as the White Horse Olympics due to him. Following the parade of nations, a display of athletics took place with over 2,500 athletes taking part. 120 white pigeons were released - each ten representing one of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, events in the first Maccabiah included, The first Maccabiah hosted a large number of competitions despite the large of venues and equipments.
In 1932 Tel Aviv still did not have any swimming pools, the swimming competitions, spectators watched the swimming competitions from floating rafts on the water. There was no serviceable gymnastic hall, competitions were held on a platform in Rina Garden located on Shalom Aleichem Street in Tel Aviv. The 5,000 and 10,000 meter races took place on the streets of Tel Aviv - a race took place on mostly unpaved
5 Broken Cameras
5 Broken Cameras is a 94-minute documentary film co-directed by Palestinian Emad Burnat and Israeli Guy Davidi. It was shown at festivals in 2011 and placed in general release by Kino Lorber in 2012. 5 Broken Cameras is an account of protests in Bilin. The documentary was shot almost entirely by Palestinian farmer Emad Burnat, in 2009 Israeli co-director Guy Davidi joined the project. Structured around the destruction of Burnats cameras, the filmmakers collaboration follows one familys evolution over five years of turmoil, there are five cameras — each with its own story. When his fourth son, Gibreel, is born in 2005, self-taught cameraman Emad Burnat, at the same time in his village of Bil’in, the Israelis begin bulldozing village olive groves to build a barrier to separate Bilin from the Jewish Settlement Modiin Illit. The barriers route cuts off 60% of Bilin farmland and the villagers resist this seizure of more of their land by the settlers. During the next year, Burnat films this struggle, which is led by two of his best friends including his brother Iyad, while at the time recording the growth of his son.
Very soon, these begin to affect his family and his own life. Emad films the Army and Police beating and arresting villagers and activists who come to support them, settlers destroy Palestinian olive trees and attack Burnat when he tries to film them. The Army raids the village in the middle of the night to arrest children and he, his friends, and brothers are arrested or shot, some are killed. Each camera used to document these events is shot or smashed, eventually, in 2009, Burnat approaches Guy Davidi – an Israeli filmmaker and together, from these five broken cameras and the stories that they represent, these two filmmakers create the film. Israel began construction of an Israeli West Bank barrier in the West Bank village of Bil’in, discovering that the wall would cut through their agricultural land, confiscating half of it, the villagers initiated popular protests and were joined by Israeli and international activists. At that point Burnat received a camera to document the movement, in 2007 the Israeli Supreme Court ordered the barrier rerouted, and four years later, after village access to some of the land was restored, the demonstrations were called off.
A case against Canada, for failing to prevent Canadian corporations from being complicit in the building of the settlements, is pending before the UN Human Rights Committee. The first year, Burnat filmed mainly to serve the purposes of activists and his footage was introduced as evidence in Israeli court and posted on YouTube to spread awareness of the growing movement. As media interest in Bil’in grew, Burnats footage gained international recognition and was used by local and international news agencies and he started working as a freelance photographer for Reuters and provided footage documenting the villagers fight to professional filmmakers. This footage was used in notable films as Shai Carmeli Pollac’s Bil’in, My Love and Guy Davidi’s
7th Armored Brigade (Israel)
The 7th Armored Brigade is a military formation of the Israeli Defense Force. Formed during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and in ever since. The brigade took part in all of Israels wars, during the Battles of Latrun in 1948, the 3rd Alexandroni and 7th Brigades together suffered 139 casualties. It fought in the Six-Day War under the command of Colonel Shmuel Gonen, during the 1948 War, the 7th Brigade primarily consisted of Sherman tanks and mounted infantry. Early on, the 7th contained an artillery element, during the 1960s, the brigade was equipped with British Centurion tanks modified in Israel. These were gradually superseded in the late 1970s by the Israeli-made Merkavas, the 7th Brigade once belonged to Israels Southern Command. The 7th was based in the Golan Heights as part of the 36th Armored Division from the end of the Yom Kippur War until February 2014, in 1948, the brigades reputation was as one of the crueler combat forces of the period. Israeli historian Ilan Pappé writes, In many of the Palestinian oral histories that have now come to the fore and he sized up two approaching Egyptian battlegroups equipped with half-tracks, Sherman tanks and other vehicles.
Dunkelman attacked both of them by surprise at night, when the crews were out of their vehicles, the Egyptian soldiers fled, allowing the 7th Brigade to appropriate their
42 is the natural number that succeeds 41 and precedes 43. Forty-two is a number and an abundant number, its prime factorization 2 ·3 ·7 makes it the second sphenic number. As with all numbers of this form, the aliquot sum is abundant by 12. 42 is the second number to be bracketed by twin primes,30 is a pronic number. 42 has a 14-member aliquot sequence 42,54,66,78,90,144,259,45,33,15,9,4,3,1,0 and is part of the aliquot sequence commencing with the first sphenic number 30. Further,42 is the 10th member of the 3-aliquot tree, additional properties of the number 42 include, It is the third primary pseudoperfect number. It is an alternating sign matrix number, that is, the number of 4-by-4 alternating sign matrices and it is the number of partitions of 10—the number of ways of expressing 10 as a sum of positive integers. It is the third pentadecagonal number and it is a meandric number and an open meandric number. It is conjectured to be the factor in the leading order term of the sixth moment of the Riemann zeta function.
In particular, Conrey & Ghosh have conjectured that 1 T ∫0 T | ζ |6 d t ∼429, ∏ p 4 log 9 T. where the infinite product is over all prime numbers, p.42 is a Størmer number. Whether there are other remains a open question. 42 is a number, as σ2 = σ = 6n. 42 is the number of the original Smith number, Both the sum of its digits. The dimension of the Borel subalgebra in the exceptional Lie algebra e6 is 42,42 is a perfect score on the USA Math Olympiad and International Mathematical Olympiad. 42 is the maximum of core points awarded in International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme,42 is the sum of the first 6 positive even numbers. 42 is the number of molybdenum. 42 is the mass of one of the naturally occurring stable isotopes of calcium. The angle rounded to whole degrees for which a rainbow appears, the first half of the journey consists of free-fall acceleration, while the second half consists of an exactly equal deceleration
Chof Beis Shvat, the 22nd day of the month of Shvat in the Hebrew calendar is the yartzeit of Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka Schneerson, the wife of the seventh Rebbe of the Chabad Hasidic movement. The day is marked by the Chabad community with public gatherings, Chaya Mushka Schneerson, the wife of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the seventh Rebbe of the Chabad Hasidic movement, died on the Hebrew day of 22nd of Shvat,5788. Chaya Mushka is known in the Chabad community as the Rebbetzin, the anniversary of her death, or yartzeit, is marked each year by the Chabad community by public gatherings, or farbrengens. The day is marked by a number of Chabad girls. Many Chabad Hasidim visit the grave of Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka on the 22nd of Shvat, visitors accompany the visit by praying at the grave of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson at Ohel Chabad-Lubavitch. The most popular event held in honor of the 22nd of Shvat is the Kinus Hashluchos, the annual convention of the women Shluchos, or Chabad emissaries