1st Helicopter Brigade
The 1st Helicopter Brigade is based at JGSDF Camp Kisarazu in Kisarazu, in the Chiba Prefecture. Formerly an independent brigade, it was attached to the Central Readiness Force on March 28,2007, like most JGSDF units, the brigades aircraft are deployed to conduct exercises from their Kisarazu base annually during the New Year period. Prior to the integration into the Central Readiness Force, it had been actively involved in civil disaster operations in response to natural disasters such as forest fires and earthquakes. The 1st Helicopter Brigade was first established on March 20,1959, by the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Aviation School at JGSDF Camp Kasumigaura in Kasumigaura, after the brigade was established, two helicopter companies were created on March 1,1968, during a period of reorganization. The 1st Helicopter Company was stationed at JGSDF Camp Kisarazu on March 22,1968, a special transport squad was established in the brigade on December 19,1986. Another period of reorganization began on March 27,2006, when a communications, on March 28,2007, the 1st Helicopter Brigade was formally incorporated into the Central Readiness Force.
The brigade was deployed by the Central Readiness Force on its first operation to subdue wildfires in the forests of the Yamanashi Prefecture on April 29,2007 and they have been deployed on humanitarian operations, specifically in the aftermath of the March 2011 earthquake
0 Series Shinkansen
The 0 series trains were the first Shinkansen trainsets built to run on Japans new Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed line which opened in Japan in 1964. The last remaining trainsets were withdrawn in 2008, the 0 series entered service with the start of Tōkaidō Shinkansen operations in October 1964. These units were white with a stripe along the windows and another at the bottom of the car body. Unlike previous Japanese trains, the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and all subsequent Shinkansen lines were standard gauge, the trains were powered by 25 kV AC electricity at 60 Hz with all axles of all cars powered by 185 kW traction motors, giving a 220 km/h top speed. The original trains were introduced as 12-car sets, with some sets lengthened to 16 cars, shorter trains of 6 cars and even 4 cars were assembled for lesser duties. Production of 0 series units continued from 1963 until 1986, Shinkansen sets are generally retired after fifteen to twenty years. Following retirement from service, JR-West ran a number of special commemorative Hikari runs in December 2008.
Hikari 347, powered by set R61, arrived at Hakata Station at 6,01 pm on 14 December 2008, bringing to an end the 44 years of service of the 0 series trains. The initial shinkansen fleet delivered for use on Hikari and Kodama services on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen from 1 October 1964 consisted of 30 12-car sets formed of 1st- and these sets were allocated to Tokyo and Osaka depots. The original 12-car sets were formed as follows, with two cars and two buffet cars. A further 21 6th- to 9th-batch 12-car sets were delivered between 1967 and 1969 with only one car for use on Kodama services. The T sets were built by Tokyu Car Corporation and these sets were formed as follows. From the opening of the Sanyo Shinkansen in 1972, these sets were renumbered H1 to H30, between 1972 and 1973, the earlier 12-car Kodama sets were lengthened to 16 cars with the inclusion of new 13th- and 15th-batch cars, and were renumbered K1 to K47. The fleet as of 10 March 1975 consisted of 64 sets, between 1977 and 1980,35 new 16-car NH sets were formed of −1000 subseries cars for Hikari services on the Tokaido Shinkansen and Sanyo Shinkansen lines.
The introduction of 100 series and 300 series trains reduced the number of 0 series trains used on Hikari services, with 0 series Hikari services operated by JR Central ending in 1995. A small fleet was maintained by JR-West for use on additional holiday period Hikari services, with the last remaining unit, NH32. The NH sets had two Green cars and a restaurant car in addition to a car, although use of the restaurant cars was discontinued from the mid-1990s. The 16-car YK sets were operated by JR Central on the all-stations Kodama services and these sets had upgraded reserved seat cars with 2+2 seating employing 100 series style seats, but only one Green car per 16-car set
No.1-class submarine chaser
1-class submarine chaser was a class of submarine chasers of the Imperial Japanese Navy, serving during World War II. Three vessels were built in 1933-36 under the Maru 1 Programme and they have two sub classes, this article handles them collectively. In World War I, German U-boat raged, the IJN began maintenance of an anti-submarine boat as a lesson in this, because Japanese shoreline and sea-lanes were very long. The IJN had some submarine chaser type tugboats and yard ferries, they were small and their speed was low. The IJN wanted to give the anti-submarine boats a speed of more than 20 knots, the Naval Technical Department made draft shallow to give them high speed. They achieved 24 kt speed hereby, the No.1 and the No.2 were completed in March 1934, and they were assigned to the 1st Subchaser Division, Yokosuka Naval Defence Squadron. However, because of their shallow draft they lacked the rolling performance. This fact become evident after the Tomozuru incident, the Tomozuru incident affected the No.
The No.1 and the No.2 were sent to the Uraga Dock Company in July 1934 and they were equipped 80 tons ballast and mounted a ballast keel. October 1936, The No.3 assigned to 1st SchDiv and they always shared an action afterward. In 1938, the 1st SchDiv was transferred to the No.1 Base Force, on 5 September 1941, the No.1 Base Force was transferred to the 2nd Fleet. In December 1941 – March 1942, the 1st SchDiv engaged to the Battle of the Philippines, on 10 March 1942, the 1st SchDiv was transferred to the No.21 Special Base Force, 2nd Southern Expeditionary Fleet, Southwest Area Fleet. On 1 May 1942, The 1st SchDiv was dissolved and they spent all their time for escort operations in the Java Area. 2 vessels were built under the Maru 1 Programme and they equipped the MV hydrophone by Submarine signal company and latest active sonar the Type 93. Only 1 vessel was built under the Maru 2 Programme, the No.3 was equipped the French SCAM active sonar and latest hydrophone the Type 93. The No.3 was classed in the No, 1-class in the IJN official documents.
Ships of the World special issue Vol.45, Escort Vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy, the Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No. 49, Japanese submarine chasers and patrol boats, Ushio Shobō
1 yen coin
The 1 yen coin is the smallest denomination of the Japanese yen currency. The first Japanese one yen coin was minted in 1871, and was out of silver. Eventually gold coins were produced causing co-circulation among the two, silver one yen coins ceased production in 1914. Brass one yen coins were made in the late 1940s, the current design is made up of an aluminium alloy which has remained unchanged since the coin was first minted. In the early 2010s increasing usage of money led to a lack of demand. Like the U. S. penny, the Japanese mint has suffered due to a rising cost of the base metal it takes to produce the coins. The one yen coin is the oldest modern denomination coin, the design has remained the same since its introduction in 1955. The obverse of the coin has a figure 1 in a circle represents one yen. The reverse side has a tree, intended to symbolize the healthy growth of Japan. The first Japanese one yen coin was minted in 1870, at first these coins were minted in silver. The obverse of these featured a dragon with a circular inscription around it.
The reverse had a radiant sun surrounded by a wreath, with the chrysanthemum emblem flanked by two seals of the Japanese government, the following year though Japan switched to the Gold standard in order to keep up with countries in North America, and Europe. Production of silver one yen coins was halted, and new gold coins took their place. Through 1874-1875, one-yen silver coins were minted with a new design only to be halted again sometime in 1875 in favor of Trade Dollars. Both silver and gold coins co-circulated after 1878 when Japan went with a bimetallic standard, Gold one yen coins were minted until 1880, while the silver ones lasted until 1914. Coinage was reformed in 1948 with the issue of a one yen coin,451,170,000 coins were minted until production stopped in 1950. The obverse features a numeral 1 with State of Japan above, the current design was introduced in 1955, when the first aluminium one yen coin was minted, throughout its minting history the coin was fully halted only once in 1968 due to excessive production.
In 1989 a national consumption tax was put into place that calculated prices down to single-yen units, in 2011 the increasing usage of electronic money led to a lack of demand for the coin, as a result one yen coins minted until 2013 were only released in mint sets
1st GAM: Amai Yuwaku
1st GAM, Amai Yuwaku is the first studio album of Hello. Project duo GAM, released on May 23,2007 and it contains GAMs first three singles and a remix of their first single Thanks. There are two editions of the album, an edition and a regular edition. On the 2007 concert tour of Hello, project, GAM emceed one of the three emcee segments. During their segment, Aya Matsuura told their audience about her desire for a GAM concert, miki Fujimoto, on the other hand, explained that before they could organize a concert they should have more original songs, she concluded that she wanted an album. Eventually, Tsunku and Up-Front Works Co. Ltd. listened and approved their requests—the album was released on May 23, the album was originally expected to have nine songs, but for some unknown reasons, the number of tracks on the list changed to eleven. On the April 16,2007 episode of Fujimotos radio show DokiMiki Night, due to the tight and conflicting schedules of both members, they have to record their parts at different sessions.
However, the duo managed to finish the recordings without any due to their chemistry. On May 2, the covers were publicly released in Japan. On May 5, radio previews of Ai no Fune, Icha♡icha Summer, Aijō Oasis, on May 17, another cover was released to the public—the cover for the limited edition DVD. The following day, the Oricon Charts released a poll of which albums would sell more through the Ninki Rankings, the company randomly asked 400 people off the streets what releases they know about releasing the following week or which ones theyre going to buy. The album ranked #4 with 27. 4%, simultaneous with the albums release on May 23, Oricon Charts published in their official website a special interview article of the group. The two talked about the album and excalimed that its theme is freedom, that day, the album debuted on the daily album charts, taking the #4 spot. Junketsu, Only Melodies Ai no Fune Koko de Kisu Shite Lu Lu Lu Icha icha Summer Aijō Oasis. H Amai Yūwaku Thanks
1 Litre no Namida
1 Litre no Namida is a dramatic tragedy diary written by Aya Kitō published shortly before her death. The diary, a story based on her own life, was originally written in first person. It is about a girl coping with her life along with a degenerative disease. She keeps a diary of not only what she does but how she feels, the diarys purpose was for Kitō to chronicle impressions she had about how the disease was affecting her daily life. As the disease progressed, the diary became Kitōs outlet for describing the personal struggles she underwent in coping, adapting. As she notes in one entry, I write because writing is evidence that I am still alive, Aya Kitō was diagnosed with a disease called spinocerebellar degeneration when she was 15 years old. The disease causes the person to control over their body. So in the end she cannot eat, walk or talk, through family, medical examinations and rehabilitations, and finally succumbing to the disease, Aya must cope with the disease and live on with life until her death at the age of 25.
A Litre of Tears is the version of the drama. A Japanese TV drama, with the same title 1 Litre no Namida, was aired by Fuji TV in 2005 based on the life of Aya. The main character Aya Ikeuchi, played by Erika Sawajiri, depicts a girl with the disease as Aya Kitō who goes through many of the same problems. Diary Of Kaito Aya-chan in English of 1 Litre of Tears Diary of Aya in English - translated from Chinese Aya-Kito-s-Diarys blog - Le Journal dAya Kito - Skyrock. com Un litre de larmes, en français. Un litre de larmes, le journal dAya traduction française du livre il Diario di Aya Traduzione italiana dallinglese A Diary of Tears in German - translated from English
1st Airborne Brigade (Japan)
The 1st Airborne Brigade, known as the Narashino Airborne Brigade, is stationed in the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Camp Narashino in Funabashi, Chiba Prefecture. The Brigade serves as Japans elite paratrooper unit meant to counter against either guerrillas or enemy special forces units, since 1999 the Brigade has a Guide Unit, serving as its NEO unit. Currently, they are attached to current homeland defense and international operations under the JGSDF Central Readiness Force. The unit is being likened similarly to the WAIR, SFGp, some of Japans other Special Forces units are assigned to counter-terrorism or defensive duties. Their presence in the JGSDF has served the organization as a morale booster, in 1958, the Airborne Brigades first platoon was formed after Hayao Kinugasa was made the first commander of the unit. It continued to increase in numbers as ranger and free-fall training were added in 1962 and 1969, an additional armed transport unit was established in 1973. Later on, they were deployed in Yamanashi Prefecture for civil operations.
A Guide Unit was established on October 20,1999, and based at Funabashi, preparations to create a new special forces unit went underway in the Brigade in 2000. Brigade paratroopers were involved in Iraq as the Brigade rotated ground personnel as part of the Japanese governments commitment to Iraq and they were withdrawn alongside the bulk of the Japanese Iraqi Reconstruction Support Group in the middle of 2006. The brigade was added to the Central Readiness Force on March 28,2007, lieutenant Colonels Yoshiharu Amano and Michihiko Suzuki were suspended for 20 days for neglect of duty. Another scandal emerged from within the unit when a 38-year-old 1st Airborne Brigade paratrooper was arrested in Inzai and he admitted to officers that he did it to demonstrate that he was serious in his effort to avoid deployment to Iraq. When JGSDF officials heard about this, they told press officials that they require the consent of the troopers, they would not be deployed. The Iraq deployment had caused a debate in Japan.
Have the standard weight and height of 49 kg and 161 cm with chest measurements at 78. Must be able to lift objects at 30 kg, under, 1AB paratroopers receive ranger qualification at the end of the brigades intensive training. The Ranger badge is highly sought by active duty SDF personnel,170 paratroopers were sent to Samawah, Iraq as part of the JGSDFs commitment to the international effort. Training was conducted for a time in a joint exercise with American soldiers of the Oregon Army National Guards 2nd Battalion. All of them were withdrawn following the end of the Japanese commitment in Iraq, akihiko Saito Keisuke Itagaki Yasunobu Hideshima Official CRF Page 1st Airborne Brigade Exhibition Page 1st Airborne Brigade Unofficial Information page from its training research group
1st Anniversary can refer to First Anniversary, an episode of the television show The Outer Limits. 1st Anniversary was Japanese J-pop group Melon Kinenbis first album, containing their first eight singles and it was released on March 12,2003. Its highest ranking on the Oricon weekly chart was #11, Melon Kinenbi no Theme Akai Freesia Kōsui ANNIVERSARY This is Unmei Kokuhaku Kinenbi Nemuranai Yoru Saa. Koibito ni Narō Denwa Matteimasu Natsu no Yoru wa Danger, amai Anata no Aji ENDLESS YOUTH Melon Kinenbi no Theme