Abisko National Park
Abisko National Park is a National Park in Sweden, established in 1909. Abisko is situated in the Swedish province of Lapland near the Norwegian border and it begins at the shores of Torneträsk, one of Swedens largest lakes where the village of Abisko is located, and extends some 15 km to the south-west. It is situated about 195 km. north of the Arctic Circle, the purpose of the Abisko National Park was to preserve an area with northern Nordic fell nature in its original condition and as a reminiscence for scientific research. The region has proved to be of scientific interest, as is shown by the Abisko Scientific Research Station which exists to study the area. Furthermore, the park was intended to be a prominent tourist attraction. Abisko is home to the Abisko Scientific Research Station, first established in 1903 approximately 31 km west of Abisko in Vassijaura, after a fire in 1910 a new station was built in its present location in Abisko in 1912 and opening in 1913. The research station was incorporated within the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1935 and it is used primarily for biological, ecological and geological research and contains on-site laboratories as well as off-site field research stations.
The 440 km long Kungsleden hiking trail, which follows the Scandinavian mountain range, starts at the Abisko Turiststation, the Nordkalottruta uses trails of the park as part of its longer passage. The national park is known for its Cross-country skiing opportunities, snowshoeing, as its location is 195 km north of the Arctic Circle, summer hikers enjoy the midnight sun, while winter visitors may find the light pollution-free location ideal for viewing the aurora borealis. Daily passenger electric trains run by SJ AB connect Stockholm with the Norwegian city of Narvik, additional regional trains provide links within the Kiruna-Narvik stretch. Abisko is reachable by car via the highway E10 which links Kiruna, other local forms of local transportation include hiking and dog-sledding in winter. A chair-lift provides access to the summit of nearby Mt. Nuolja, there are many species of birds in the park. Of the mammals, smaller ones like the marten, squirrel, the fell lemming and similar are common parts of the fauna
2003 in Sweden
Events from the year 2003 in Sweden Monarch – Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister – Göran Persson 10 September – Foreign Minister Anna Lindh stabbed whilst shopping at a Stockholm department store. 11 September – Foreign Minister Anna Lindh dies of stab injuries,14 September – Swedish euro referendum,200316 September – Evil, a drama film directed by Mikael Håfström, was released in Sweden. The film had earlier presented at the Cannes film festival. 15 January – Arne Palmqvist, bishop,16 March – Lars Passgård, actor. 25 August – Hjalmar Pettersson, cyclist,11 September – Anna Lindh, Foreign Minister 26 September – Olle Anderberg, sport wrestler, Olympic champion in 1952. 30 October – Börje Leander, footballer
2014 Swedish government crisis
The 2014 Swedish government crisis started on 3 December 2014 after the Riksdag rejected the proposed government budget in favour of a budget proposed by the centre-right opposition. The same day Prime Minister Stefan Löfven declared that the cabinet would call an election to be held on 22 March 2015. For constitutional reasons the snap election could not be called until 29 December 2014, if held, the election would have been the first snap election and the first not held in September since 1958. The Agreement fell in October 2015 when the Christian Democrats decided to leave it, the 2014 Swedish general election led to a situation where no political block gained a majority on their own. Löfven formed a minority government consisting of his Social Democrats and the Green Party, the three parties do not hold a majority in the Riksdag and would need support from at least one opposition party in order to pass legislation. In the opposition, the centre-right Alliance consisted of the Moderate Party, the Centre Party, the Liberal Peoples Party, the balance of power was held by the Sweden Democrats, a nationalist party.
The other parties maintain a policy of refusing to co-operate with the Sweden Democrats, the budget proposal from the Löfven Cabinet was made in co-operation with the Left Party. The budget was presented to the Riksdag by Minister for Finance Magdalena Andersson on 23 October, the Alliance presented an alternative budget proposal on 10 November. Their budget was practically similar regarding migration, the issue for the Sweden Democrats. The Sweden Democrats presented their own budget proposal. The usual practice in the Riksdag is that parties only vote for their budget proposal. During the autumn session, the Sweden Democrats said that they would consider deviating from the practice by voting for the Alliance budget after their own proposal failed and their party leader Jimmie Åkesson was on sick leave due to burnout in October leaving Mattias Karlsson as acting leader. Several political commentators expressed doubts that the Sweden Democrats would be prepared to cause a cabinet crisis, by November, it looked likely that the Sweden Democrat representatives would ally themselves against the Löfven Cabinet.
A poll the same month found that 71% of the Sweden Democrats voters were in favour of the party voting for the proposal from the Alliance. On the morning of 2 December 2014, Löfven said he, following the press conference Prime Minister Stefan Löfven invited the four leaders from the Alliance to a meeting the same evening at Rosenbad to discuss the situation. For the Moderate Party group leader Anna Kinberg Batra attended instead of the party leader Fredrik Reinfeldt, the other parties were represented by their party leaders, Annie Lööf, Göran Hägglund and Jan Björklund. The Alliance leaders signaled before the meeting that they did not want to negotiate about the budget and he stated that he had not decided whether he would resign or call a new election and that there might be other alternatives. On 3 December, the Riksdag debated the three budget proposals from the cabinet, the Alliance and the Sweden Democrats and in the afternoon voted over which budget to approve for 2015
2005 World Championships in Athletics
One theme of the 2005 championships was paralympic events, some of which were included as exhibition events. Much of the event was played in heavy rainfall. The original winning bid for the competition was for London but the cost to build the stadium at Picketts Lock. UK Athletics suggested to move the host city to Sheffield, the championships bidding process was reopened as a result. The United Kingdoms withdrawal as host was the first case for a sporting event in a developed country since Denvers withdrawal as host of the 1976 Winter Olympics. Apocalyptica and Nightwish performed at the ceremony of the event over a heavy rainfall. Geir Rönning, Finlands Eurovision Song Contest 2005 entrant, sang Victory the official song of the 2005 IAAF World Championships, with the addition of the womens 3000 metres steeplechase to the schedule, that years program of events was closer to parity for women and men. With the exception of the 50 km walk the women competed in practically the same events as the men, two differences remaining from before, were the short hurdles race, and the multi-event competition.
Singh received a two-year ineligibility ban, while Piskunov received a ban from athletics as this was his second offence. In March 2013, the IAAF announced that re-testing of samples taken during these championships revealed that five medal winners had proved positive for banned substances, the athletes involved were Belarusian Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Belarusian Ivan Tsikhan, Russian Olga Kuzenkova, Russian Tatyana Kotova and Belaruss Vadim Devyatovskiy. Belarusian Andrei Mikhnevich had tested positive and was disqualified, the obverse of the coin features Helsinki Olympic Stadium and above the stadium random waves express the feeling of the games. 2005 in athletics Results from the IAAF web site
61st Infantry Regiment (Finland)
The Finnish 61st Infantry Regiment was a combat regiment of the 17th division of the Finnish Army during the Second World War, consisting almost exclusively of Swedish speaking Finns. Among others, the regiment participated in the battle of Tienhaara, the regiment has been the subject of several books, as well as a feature film Framom främsta linjen. In 1980, Lieutenant general A. E. Martola opined, the Continuation War was the second of two wars fought between Finland and the Soviet Union during World War II. Acts of war between the Soviet Union and Finland started on 22 June 1941, the day Germany launched its invasion of the Soviet Union, open warfare started with a Soviet air offensive on 25 June. Subsequent Finnish operations undid its post-Winter War cessations on the Karelian Isthmus and Ladoga Karelia, on the Karelian Isthmus, the Finns froze their offensive 30 km from Leningrad, where the pre-World War II border of the Soviet Union and Finland ran. A general mobilization was initiated on 17 June 1941 in anticipation of renewed hostilities, in the Vaasa Military Province, the 19th Division was established with colonel Hannu Esa Hannuksela as commander.
However, the Defense Corps of Ostrobothnia was not incorporated into the 19th division, but instead established its own regiment, jäger Movement Colonel Rafael Berg was appointed as commanding officer. After this, the regiment continued its advance into Soviet territory, the regiment crossed the Svir River on 21 September 1941, where it overcame heavy resistance by Soviet forces. Subsequently, it advanced towards the Jandeba River, though under continued heavy fighting, at the beginning of 1942, the Soviet 7th Army was facing the Finnish 17th Division in the Svir area. The 61st Regiment was located at the east, opposite the Soviet 114th Infantry Division, towards the end of March, the Soviet Army concentrated their forces, and launched its Spring Offensive at the start of April 1942. The objective was to force the retreat of the Finnish Army across the Svir River, as preparation for a Finnish counterattack, a major Finnish combat unit was formed on 17 April, of which the 61st Infantry Regiment was a key component.
The Finnish counterattack was launched on 19 April and by 22 April all the Soviet forces that had advanced through the Finnish lines between Shemenski and Pertjärvi had been annihilated. The Finnish Army suffered losses of 2165 men, while the Soviet 7th Army suffered losses of just under 12800 men, despite labeled as a period of trench warfare, a state of continuous active warfare signified this period. Constant patrols into enemy territory, artillery barrage and readiness to counterattack, specialized patrol troops were formed, some of which achieved almost legendary fame within the regiment. Successfully halting the advancing Russian troops, the commander of the 17th Division, Alonzo Sundman, moved several reserve units into battle positions, and a battle unit was formed under major general Ruben Lagus. Some terrain was lost at the conclusion of this Russian offensive, the commander-in-chief, field marshal Mannerheim, therefore decided, on the advice of major general Lennart Oesch, to not attempt to recapture the lost terrain.
As the first significant battle the appointment of Marttinen as commander of IR61, it served to cement mutual respect. A second main battle was fought around the hill of Teeri between 26 October and 28 October 1943
3rd Naval Warfare Flotilla (Sweden)
3rd Naval Warfare Flotilla of the Swedish Navy was founded in 2005 when the former minelayer and surface flotillas joined together. The flotillas home base is in Karlskrona, Blekinge and is a part of the Karlskrona naval base, the flotilla mostly deploy ships in international missions today. The flotilla is split into three different divisions, 31st Corvett division HMS Stockholm of Stockholm-class HMS Malmö of Stockholm-class HMS Helsingborg corvett of Visby-class. 3 patrol boats of the Tapper-class, 33rd Minelayer division 2 Minelayer ship of Koster-class. 1 work ship, HMS Fårösund 34th Support division HMS Trossö The former missile boat division was stationed in the flotilla until September 2005 when all the ships was decommissioned, 2005–2008 – Erik Andersson 2008–2011 – Anders Olovsson 2012–2015 – Magnus Jönsson 2016–present – Bengt Lundgren Official website
1933 Swedish Summer Grand Prix
The 1933 Swedish Summer Grand Prix was arranged by the Royal Automobile Club and held at 6 August on a 29.7 kilometre cricuit at Norra Vram. The circuit was made up at regular countryside roads at a very close to present day closed circuit Ring Knutstorp in Kågeröd. 12 laps were driven, making it a total of about 350 km, at this part the asphalt ended and the circuit continued on gravel roads. When the circuit reached Stenestad there was another sharp turn and there was a long. 160 policemen and 60 functionaries worked around the race, astrid Lindgren, who became a world-famous author of childrens books, was race secretary. The opening lap saw a multi-car pile-up which saw several drivers injured, one of the crashed cars started a fire which saw a nearby house burned to the ground. The race continued while emergency services attended the scene and the race was won by Antonio Brivio. Major racing came to a halt after that, fastest lap, Brivo- 13m51s=128.7 km/h
1901 in Sweden
Events from the year 1901 in Sweden Monarch – Oscar II Prime Minister – Fredrik von Otter A military reform abolish the Allotment system with conscription. Women are given four weeks maternity leave, foundation of the Swedish Union of Journalists. A name ordinance is put in effect, regulating the uses of first names, surnames. A Dream Play by August Strindberg,28 March – Princess Märtha of Sweden 13 June – Tage Erlander, politician 18 August – Arne Borg, swimmer. 13 October – Irja Agnes Browallius, writer 11 April – Ivar Hallström, composer 24 April – Arvid Posse,12 August – Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, botanist, geologist and arctic explorer. 24 August – Gunnar Wennerberg, poet,10 September - Emanuella Carlbeck, social reformer