Aaron of Aleth
Some sources say that he was born of British stock in Armorican Domnonia. Aaron was a Welshman who lived in solitude near Lamballe and Pleumeur-Gautier and he attracted numerous visitors while there, including Saint Malo, it is said, in 544, and became their abbot. Saint Malo succeeded to the rule of the district subsequently known as Saint-Malo. Aarons feast day is 21 June or 22 June and he is mentioned in Les Vies des Saints de Bretagne. Aaron is believed to have died in the town of Saint-Aaron in Lamballe, list of Catholic saints Julian Maunoir, Apostle of Brittany This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, William Henry Grattan. A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints
Abbey of Saint Wandrille
Fontenelle Abbey or the Abbey of St Wandrille is a Benedictine monastery in the commune of Saint-Wandrille-Rançon. It was founded in 649 near Caudebec-en-Caux in Seine-Maritime, Normandy and it was founded by Wandregisel or Saint Wandrille on land obtained through the influence of Wandregisels friend Saint Ouen, Archbishop of Rouen. Wandrille held a position at the court of his king, Dagobert I. Later he went to Bobbio Abbey and to Romainmôtier Abbey, in 648 he returned to Normandy and established the monastery of Fontenelle, using the Rule of Saint Columbanus, which he had known at Bobbio, the deed of gift of the land is dated 1 March 649. He first built a Carolingian style basilica dedicated to Saint Peter, nearly 300 feet long, the monastery was extremely successful at first, and produced many saints and prelates. In 740 however there began a series of lay abbots, under whom the monastery declined, the reformer of Luxeuil Abbey, was appointed in 823 abbot of Fontenelle, which he reformed.
The abbey soon became a target for Viking raids, culminating in that of 9 January 852 when it was burnt down, a new church was built by Abbot Gérard, but was hardly finished when it was destroyed by lightning in 1012. Undaunted by this disaster the monks once more set to work, two centuries later, in 1250, this was burnt to the ground, but Abbot Pierre Mauviel at once began a new one. The work was hampered by lack of funds and it was not until 1331 that the building was finished. Meanwhile, the monastery attained a position of importance and celebrity for the fervour and learning of its monks. It was especially noted for its library and school, where letters, the arts, the sciences. The Capitularies of the kings of the Franks were compiled under Abbot Ansegisus in the 8th century, the monks of Fontenelle enjoyed many rights and privileges, among which were exemption from all river-tolls on the Seine, and the right to exact taxes in the town of Caudebec. The charter dated 1319 in which were enumerated their chief privileges, was confirmed by Henry V of England and Normandy in 1420,811 AD Saint Bagnus, a monk, Bishop of Therouanne, Abbot of Fontenelle in life.
Died c.710 Saint Girald, a monk and the Abbot of Saint Arnoul and he was asked by the Duke of Normandy to be the Abbot of Fontenelle. He was very exacting and was murdered by one of his monks Dom Joseph Pothier, Abbot of St Wandrille Abbey. Commendatory abbots were introduced at Fontenelle in the 16th century and as a result the prosperity of the abbey began to decline, in 1631 the central tower of the church suddenly fell, ruining all the adjacent parts, but fortunately without injuring the beautiful cloisters or the conventual buildings. They accepted the offer, and in 1636 began major building works and they gave the abbey new life, which lasted for the next hundred and fifty years. During the French Revolution in 1791 Fontenelle was suppressed, and in the year the property was sold by auction
Roman Catholic Diocese of Acquapendente
The Italian Roman Catholic diocese of Acquapendente was an ecclesiastical territory in Lazio, seated at Acquapendente Cathedral. In 1649, in consequence of a conspiracy, Cristoforo Girarda, in punishment of this crime, Pope Innocent X ordered Castro to be destroyed, and raised Acquapendente to the dignity of an episcopal city, directly under the Holy See. Its bishops, retained the appellation post Castrenses, the first incumbent of the new See was the Hieronymite Pompeo Mignucci of Offida, who had been Archbishop of Ragusa. He took possession on 10 January 1650, erected,13 September 1649Latin Name, Aquipendiensis Immediately Subject to the Holy See Pompeo Mignucci, O. S. H. Gian Lorenzo Castiglioni Giambattista Febei Alessandro Fedele Nicolò Nardini Ambrosio Angelini Bernardino Egidio Recchi Ferdinando Agostino Bernabei, O. P. Simone Gritti Bernardo Bernardi, giovanni Domenico Santucci Clemente Maria Bardini, O. S. B
Abingdon Abbey was a Benedictine monastery known as St Marys Abbey located in Abingdon, historically in the county of Berkshire but now in Oxfordshire, England. The abbey was founded in 675 either by Cissa, viceroy of Centwine, king of the West Saxons, or by his nephew Hean, in honour of the Virgin Mary. By the 950s the abbey was in a state, but in about 954 King Eadred appointed Æthelwold, Bishop of Winchester. He was one of the leaders of the English Benedictine Reform, there is a collection of 136 charters granted to this abbey by various Saxon kings, and the Chronicle of the Monastery of Abingdon was written at the Abbey in the 12th century. Abbots after the Norman Conquest included Faritius, physician to Henry I of England and he was present at the Council of Lyon in 1272. The last abbot was Thomas Pentecost alias Rowland, who was among the first to acknowledge the Royal Supremacy. With the rest of his community he signed the surrender of his monastery in 1538, the revenues of the Abbey were valued at £1876, 10s, 9d.
Ælfric of Abingdon was originally buried here, before being translated to Canterbury Cathedral, as was Margaret, Countess of Pembroke. There is nothing to see today of the abbey church, there are some ruinous arches in the Abbey Gardens, but this is really a folly built in the 1920s. Some of its features are dubiously said to have come from the old abbey. One of the fireplaces was removed and is now still intact in Lacies Court. The Unicorn Theatre is now located in part of the Abbey
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Acerenza
The Archdiocese of Acerenza is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in southern Italy, included in the provinces of Lecce and Potenza. It has existed as a diocese since the fourth or fifth centuries, in the 11th century it was elevated to an archdiocese. In 1203 it was united with the diocese of Matera to form the Archdiocese of Acerenza and this was separated again in 1954, recreating the Archdiocese of Acerenza, which briefly became the Diocese of Acerenza in 1976 before reverting to an archdiocese in 1977. Its metropolitan is the Archdiocese of Potenza-Muro Lucano-Marsico Nuovo, Acerenza was certainly an episcopal see in the course of the fifth century, for in 499 we meet with the name of its first known bishop, Justus, in the Acts of the Roman Synod of that year. The town was known in antiquity as the high nest of Acherontia, Acerenza was in early imperial times a populous and important town, and a bulwark of the territory of Lucania and Apulia. In the Gothic and Lombard period it fell into decay, but was restored by Grimoald II, an Archbishop of Acerenza appears in 1063 in an act of donation of Robert Guiscard to the monastery of the Santissima Trinità in Venosa.
Pope Urban VI, was once Archbishop of Acerenza
Abdon and Sennen
In some places they have been honoured on 20 March, and the first Sunday of May. Nothing is known historically about these saints except their names, that they were martyrs, the rank of their celebration was given as Simple in the Tridentine Calendar and remained such until the classification was changed to that of Commemoration in the General Roman Calendar of 1960. They relate that their bodies were buried by a subdeacon, Quirinus, a fresco found on the sarcophagus supposed to contain their remains represents them receiving crowns from Christ. According to Martigny, this dates from the seventh century. Several cities, notably Florence and Soissons, claim possession of their bodies, the Abbey Benedictine Sainte Marie in Arles-sur-Tech, France claims a tomb. Abdon and Sennen are patron saints of Calasparra, in Murcia, the feasts days celebrated in their honor in this Spanish town date back to the 16th century. Germany St. Abdon & Sennen Church, Salzgitter-Ringelheim, Lower Saxony Spain Hermitage of the saints, Cullera.
Hermitage of the saints, Valencia. St. Sennens Church in Sennen, Cornwall is in fact dedicated to St Sinninus, catholic Culture This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Charles, ed. Sts
Roman Catholic Diocese of Achonry
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Achonry is a Roman Catholic diocese in the western part of Ireland. It is one of the five sees of the Archdiocese of Tuam. The diocese was called the bishopric of Luighne in the Irish annals. It was not established at the Synod of Rathbreasail, but Máel Ruanaid Ua Ruadáin signed as bishop of Luighne at the Synod of Kells, at present there are twenty-three parishes in the diocese, located in Counties Mayo and Sligo. There are thirty-six priests involved in parish ministry and seven involved in secondary education. The current bishop, Brendan Kelly, was appointed on the 20 November 2007 and was ordained on the 27 January 2008, the previous bishop, Thomas Flynn, had served the diocese for thirty years. The Cathedral, dedicated to The Annunciation and St. Nathy, is in Ballaghaderreen and was built in the 1850s, the diocese covers parts of counties Mayo and Sligo. The largest towns are Charlestown and Swinford, attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Charles, ed
Charles Januarius Acton
Charles Januarius Edward Acton was an English cardinal born at Naples,6 March 1803, died at Naples,23 June 1847. He was the son of Sir John Francis Acton, Bart. The family, a branch of the Actons of Aldenham Park, near Bridgnorth. His father was first minister of the Kingdom of Naples when he succeeded to the estate and title through the death of his cousin, Sir Richard Acton. The Cardinals education was English, as he and his brother were sent to England on their fathers death in 1811 to a school near London kept by the Abbé Quéqué. They were sent to Westminster School, with the understanding that their religion was not to be interfered with, they not only were sent to this Protestant school, but they had a Protestant clergyman as tutor. In 1819 they went on to Magdalene College, Pope Pius VIII recalled him and named him vice-legate, granting him choice of any of the four legations over which cardinals presided. He chose Bologna as affording most opportunity for improvement and he left there at the close of Pius VIIIs brief pontificate, and went to England, in 1829, to marry his sister to Sir Richard Throckmorton.
Pope Gregory XVI made him assistant judge in the Civil Court of Rome, in 1837 he was made Auditor to the Apostolic Chamber, the highest Roman dignity after the cardinalate. Probably this was the first time it was offered to a foreigner. Acton declined it, but was commanded to retain it and he was proclaimed Cardinal-Priest, with the title of Santa Maria della Pace, in 1842, having been created nearly three years previously. His sterling worth was little known through his modesty and humility, in his youth his musical talent and genial wit supplied much innocent gaiety, but the pressure of serious responsibilities and the adoption of a spiritual life somewhat subdued its exercise. His judgment and legal ability were such that advocates of the first rank said that were they to know his view of a case they could tell how it would be decided. When he communicated anything in writing, Pope Gregory used to say he never had occasion to read it more than once and he was selected as interpreter in the interview which the Pope had with the Czar Nicholas I of Russia.
The Cardinal never said anything about this except that when he had interpreted the Popes first sentence the Czar said, It will be agreeable to me, if your Eminence will act as my interpreter, also. After the conference Cardinal Acton, by request of the Pope, wrote out an account of it. The King of Naples urged him earnestly to become Archbishop of Naples and he once wrote from Naples that he actually tasted the distress which he sought to solace. He may be said to have died in the wealth of willing poverty, attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Charles, ed. Charles Januarius Acton
Luc dAchery was a learned French Benedictine of the Congregation of St. Maur, a specialist in the study and publication of medieval manuscripts. DAchery was born at Saint Quentin in Picardy and he entered the Order of St. Benedict at an early age and was professed at the Trinity Abbey, Vendôme, on 4 October 1632, but his health soon obliged him to remove to Paris. He became a member of the monastery of St. Germain des Prés in 1637, which in nearly fifty years he scarcely ever left, as librarian of the monastery he was soon acquainted with its rich treasures of medieval history and theology. His first important work was an edition of the Epistle of Barnabas, whose Greek text had been prepared for the press, before his death, by the Maurist Hugo Menardus. DAcherys Asceticorum vulgo spiritualium opusculorum Indiculus served as a guide to his colleague, Claude Chantelou, in 1648 he published all the works of Blessed Lanfranc of Canterbury. He published and edited for the first time the works of Abbot Guibert of Nogent with an appendix of minor writings of an ecclesiastical character, in 1656 he edited the Regula Solitaria of the ninth century priest Grimlaicus, a spiritual guide for hermits.
DAchery collected the materials for the Acta Ordinis S. Benedicti but Mabillon added so much to it in the way of prefaces, notes. DAchery was the soul of the Maurist movement, and a type of the medieval Benedictine and self-sacrificing and learned. Despite continued illness he was foremost in all the labours of the French Benedictines of St. Maur and his valuable correspondence is preserved in the Bibliothèque Nationale at Paris. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Charles. Acta Sanctorum Ordinis S Benedicti Luc dAchery on data. bnf. fr
Franciscus Accursius was an Italian lawyer, the son of the celebrated jurist and glossator Accursius. Born in Bologna, Franciscus was more distinguished for his tact than for his wisdom, edward I of England, returning from Palestine, brought him with him to England. The king invited him to Oxford, and in 1275 or 1276 he read lectures on law in the university and he acted as Kings Secretary in the late 1270s until returning to Bologna in 1282, practicing law there until his death. Dante places Franciscus Accursius in Hell among sodomites, the tomb of his father and himself in Bologna bears the inscription, Sepulchrum Accursii, glossatoris legum, et Francisci, ejus filii. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Charles