L Abbey dArdenne, the Abbey of Our Lady of the Ardennes, is a former Premonstratensian abbey founded in the 11th century and located near Saint-Germain-la-Blanche-Herbe in Calvados, near Caen, France. It is now occupied by the Institute of Contemporary Publishing Archives, in June 1944,20 Canadian soldiers were illegally executed at the abbey by members of the 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend. The event has become known as the Ardenne Abbey massacre and they acquired seven acres of the plot named Saxons wells and erected a priory, which was headed by Canon Gilbert from Picardy. In 1138, the Romanesque church which had succeeded the original chapel, was consecrated by the Bishop of Bayeux, in 1144, the priory was attached to La Lucerne Abbey, which brought it into the order of Saint Norbert. It became an independent abbey in 1160, Abbot Robert received a donation of a rock quarry in Bretteville-sur-Odon, an important indication of a construction campaign in the 12th century. The Ardenne Abbey expanded rapidly, and its heritage became very important, priory of Saint Vincent de Lebisey in 1291.
Priory of the Hermitage in the late 12th century, priory of St. Thomas in 1328. The priests of twelve parishes in Calvados and Orne were appointed by Ardenne, on February 23,1230, the choir of the Abbey collapsed and killed 26 monks, among them the third abbot, Nicolas. This disaster would have a significant impact on the abbeys design, the abbey was affected by the Hundred Years War. On December 14,1417, during the siege of Caen, on June 5,1450, the abbey was occupied during the siege of Caen by Charles VII of France, who only left it after the surrender of the English garrison on July 5. After the war ended, Abbot Robert Chartier began to rebuild the cloister and a conventual building
Olivier Adam is a French author and screenwriter. His debut novel Je vais bien, ne fais pas was adapted into a film. He writes books for adults, among them La messe anniversaire. Adam won the 2004 Prix Goncourt de la Nouvelle for Passer lhiver and he grew up in the Paris suburbs and now lives in Brittany near Saint-Malo. He participated in the creation of the literary festival Correspondence Manosque, a screenwriter, he has participated in writing Dont Worry, Im Fine and Welcome. 2000, Je vais bien, ne ten fais pas, Le Dilettante,2001, À lOuest, Éditions de lOlivier. 2002, Poids léger, Éditions de lOlivier,2004, nouvelle parue dans le cadre de Lille 2004 Capitale européenne de la culture. 2004, Passer lhiver, Éditions de lOlivier,2004, Sous la pluie, LÉcole des loisirs. 2007, À labri de rien, Éditions de lOlivier,2009, Des vents contraires, Éditions de lOlivier. 2010, Le Cœur régulier, Éditions de lOlivier,2010, Kyoto Limited Express, avec Arnaud Auzouy, Éditions de lOlivier. 2006, Lauréat de la Villa Kujoyama,2007, Lauréat du Prix Roman France Télévisions pour À labri de rien.
2007, Prix du roman populiste for À labri de rien,2007, Prix du Amila Meckert for À labri de rien. À labri de rien was adapted for television with Isabelle Carré in the lead role, Je vais bien, ne ten fais pas was adapted into the film Dont Worry, Im Fine directed by Philippe Lioret in 2006. Kad Merad and Mélanie Laurent played the lead roles, the film was nominated for a César in several categories, including Best Adapted Screenplay. Kad Merad won the Cesar for best supporting actor and Mélanie Laurent for Most Promising Actress, Des vents contraires was adapted into a film of the same name in 2011 starring Audrey Tautou. The short story Nouvel An from the story collection Passer lhiver was adapted into the film Passer lhiver directed by Aurélia Barbet. Le Cœur régulier was adapted into a film in 2016 with Vanja dAlcantara directing, olivier Adam at the Internet Movie Database
Aerospace Valley is a French cluster of aerospace engineering companies and research centres. The cluster is located in the regions of Occitanie and Nouvelle Aquitaine in the southwest of France and is concentrated in. The over 500 affiliated companies are responsible for some 120,000 jobs in the aviation, in addition, some 8,500 researchers are active within the affiliated companies and institutions. The clusters stated aim is to create 40,000 -45,000 new jobs by 2026, since its inception in 2005, the cluster has initiated some 220 research projects with a total budget of 460 million euros, including 204 million euros in government funding. The headquarters of Aerospace Valley is located in Toulouse, chair of the cluster is Jean-Marc Thomas, who is vicechair of Airbus France. Key locations of the include, The Aerospace Campus in Toulouse with the aviation schools ISAE and ENAC and over 1000 researchers at ONERA, CNRS. The Université Paul Sabatier, INSA Toulouse, and INPT are part of this concentration of research and training facilities in, Aerospace Valley is a member of the European Aviation Clusters Partnership and of Institut au service du spatial, de ses applications et technologies.
Air-Cobot, project financed thanks to the Aerospace Valley cluster French space program Aerospace Valley brochure Website of Aerospace Valley
The Accursed Kings
The Accursed Kings is a sequence of seven historical novels by French author Maurice Druon about the French monarchy in the 14th century. Published between 1955 and 1977, the series has adapted as a miniseries twice for television in France. American author George R. R. Martin called The Accursed Kings the original game of thrones, citing Druons novels as an inspiration for his own A Song of Ice, the succession of monarchs that follows leads France and England to the Hundred Years War. The first six novels of Les Rois maudits were published in France by Del Duca between 1955 and 1960, and the volume was released by Plon in 1977. The initial six books were first issued in English between 1956 and 1961, by Rupert Hart-Davis in the United Kingdom and by Scribners in the United States, French King Philip the Fair rules with an iron fist, but is surrounded by scandal and intrigue. Philips daughter Isabella, Queen of England, plots with the ambitious Robert of Artois to catch the wives of her three brothers—Marguerite and Blanche—in their suspected adulterous affairs.
Roberts own motive is to himself on Jeanne and Blanches mother, his great aunt Mahaut, Countess of Artois. Marguerite and Blanche are sentenced to imprisonment for their crimes. Jeanne, innocent of adultery herself but complicit in the scandal, is imprisoned indefinitely, forty days after Molays execution, Clement dies of fever, shortly thereafter, Mahauts lady-in-waiting Béatrice dHirson arranges for Nogarets painful death by means of a poisoned candle. Philip fears that Molays curse is to blame, soon enough, he suffers a hemorrhage and collapses during a hunt. Philips eldest son has been crowned Louis X, but his adulterous wife Marguerite remains imprisoned at the Château Gaillard and she refuses, and Louis plan to secure an annulment and marry the beautiful Clemence of Hungary is further stalled by the papal conclaves failure to elect a new pope. Marigny finds that his enemies—led by Charles, Count of Valois—are systematically excluding him from the new inner circle. Louis brother, Count de Poitiers, and Valois both try to assert some influence over the king, Philippe for the good of the kingdom.
Desperate for freedom, Marguerite reconsiders, but her confession never reaches Robert, when he returns to her prison, Marguerite is ill from her confinement—and on Valois orders, Roberts man Lormet strangles her to death. Though his initial efforts to destroy Marigny fail, Valois manages—with the help of the Lombard banker Tolomei—to assemble a barrage of charges that sees Marigny executed. Louis, now a widower, marries the beautiful Clemence of Hungary and her discovery of his illegitimate daughter prompts Louis to confess all of his sins to her, and he swears to do whatever penance she requires. Mahaut and Béatrice use magic to assure that Philippe takes back his wife, Mahauts daughter Jeanne, Louis uncle Charles, Count of Valois, continues grasping for influence over royal affairs by trying to secure the allegiance of the new queen, his niece by his previous marriage. Tolomeis nephew, the young banker Guccio Baglioni, marries noblewoman Marie de Cressay in secret, with encouragement from Robert of Artois, Mahauts vassal barons revolt against her
The aetherie fritillary, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found locally in areas of North Africa and very locally in southern Spain, southern Portugal, Sicily. The insect flies from mid-April until the end of May with a generation in September in Italy. The habitat is grasslands and flowery meadows. The larvae feed on various Centaurea knapweeds, the flowers of Centaurea attract the nectar-feeding adults
Agence France-Presse is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France. Founded in 1944, AFP is the third largest news agency in the world, after the Associated Press, journalists of the French Resistance established the AFP in the headquarters of the former Office Français dInformation, a Vichy news agency, following the liberation of Paris. Currently, the CEO is Emmanuel Hoog and the News Director is Michèle Léridon, AFP has regional offices in Nicosia, Hong Kong, and Washington, D. C. and bureaux in 150 countries. AFP transmits news in French, Arabic, Spanish, the Agence Havas was founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and advertising agent, Charles-Louis Havas as Agence Havas. Two of his employees, Paul Reuter and Bernhard Wolff, set up rival news agencies in London and Berlin respectively and this arrangement lasted until the 1930s, when the invention of short-wave wireless improved and cut communications costs. To help Havas extend the scope of its reporting at a time of international tension.
Established as an enterprise, AFP devoted the post-war years to developing its network of international correspondents. One of them was the first Western journalist to report the death of the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin on March 6,1953, AFP was keen to shake off its semi-official status, and on January 10,1957 the French Parliament passed a law establishing its independence. Since that date, the proportion of the revenues generated by subscriptions from government departments has steadily declined. Such subscriptions represented 115 million Euros in 2011, in 1982, the agency began to decentralize its editorial decision-making by setting up the first of its five autonomous regional centres, in Hong Kong, a British Crown colony. Each region has its own budget, administrative director and chief editor, in September 2007, the AFP Foundation was launched to promote higher standards of journalism worldwide. The Mitrokhin archive identified six agents and two confidential KGB contacts inside Agence France-Presse who were used in Soviet operations in France, in 1991, AFP set up a joint venture with Extel to create a financial news service, AFX News.
It was sold in 2006 to Thomson Financial, in October 2008, the Government of France announced moves to change AFPs status, including the involvement of outside investors. On February 24,2010, Pierre Louette unexpectedly announced his intention to resign as CEO by the end of March, AFP is a government-chartered public corporation operating under a 1957 law, but is officially a commercial business independent of the French government. One is named by the minister, another by the minister of finance. The board elects the CEO for a term of three years. The AFP has a council charged with ensuring that the agency operates according to its statutes, editorially, AFP is governed by a network of senior journalists. The primary client of AFP is the French government, which purchases subscriptions for its various services, in practice, those subscriptions are an indirect subsidy to AFP