A9 road (Scotland)
The A9 is a major road running from the Falkirk council area in central Scotland to Scrabster Harbour, Thurso in the far north, via Stirling, Bridge of Allan and Inverness. At 273 miles, it is the longest road in Scotland, historically it was the main road between Edinburgh and John o Groats, and has been called the spine of Scotland. The roads origins lie in the military roads building programme of the 18th century, the A9 route was formally designated in 1923, and originally ran from Edinburgh to Inverness. The route was extended north from Inverness up to John OGroats. By the 1970s the route was hampered by severe congestion. Between Falkirk and Bridge of Allan, the A9 survives as a more or less parallel road to the M9, the link between the M9 and the A9, by Bridge of Allan, is the Keir Roundabout. The A9s origins lie in the military roads building programme carried out by General Wade in the 18th century to allow deployment of forces in key locations within the Highlands. At this time there was already a road between Perth and Dunkeld, and between 1727 and 1730 a roadway was constructed between Dunkeld in Perthshire and Inverness.
However, Wade had still to bridge the River Tay at Aberfeldy, construction began in 1733 to a design by William Adam. The bridge was completed within the year, but Wade wrote The Bridge of Tay. was a work of great difficulty, at a cost of over £4000, the bridge became the most expensive item on Wades road building programme. For most of its length between Perth and Inverness, the route was identical to the A9 prior to the commencement of the upgrading works in the 1970s. In 1802, Thomas Telford was requested by the Lords of the Treasury to carry out a survey of the interior of the Scottish Highlands, in his report, he highlighted the inadequacy of the old military roads to meet the requirements of the general population. In particular, he noted the difficulties caused by the absence of bridges over some of the principal rivers, as part of the improvements to the road system that were carried out in the following years, a bridge was built at Dunkeld, designed by Telford. The original cost estimate was £15,000 with costs to be split between the Government and the landowner, the 4th Duke of Atholl, costs spiralled up to around £40,000.
The Government refused to increase their contribution, so the Duke of Atholl had to finance the extra cost. As a result, tolls were placed on the bridge to recoup costs. The realigned road north out of Dunkeld would evolve eventually into the A9, the formal scheme of classification of roads in Great Britain was first published on 1 April 1923. The original route of the designated A9 began in Edinburgh at the Corstorphine junction in the west of the city, the route went through Kirkliston and onwards to Polmont and Falkirk
The A1500 is an A road entirely within the English county of Lincolnshire. It links the A156 at Marton with the A15 south of RAF Scampton via Sturton by Stow, the A1500 follows the Roman road Till Bridge Lane and at the very end at Scampton, Horncastle Lane. This Roman Road was part of the Alternative route from Lincoln to York used when the Humber was impassable, the A1500 starts in the village of Marton, at SK840820, and runs south of east along the Roman alignment. The A1500 follows the Roman Road through Sturton by Stow at SK890803, crosses the River Till by Till Bridge Farm at SK908797, until SK947784 near Scampton village. From here the road deviates almost due east, and ends at SK973781. The whole length along the Roman Road is known as Till Bridge Lane, the section from the deviation at SK947784 to the roundabout on the A15 is named Horncastle Lane. The name Horncastle Lane continues on the side of the A15. The A1500 is single carriageway throughout, the Roman Road alignment from SK947784 near Scampton is maintained across fields, and makes a junction with the A15 Ermine street at SK973774.
This is the entrance to the Lincolnshire Showground, which is based around the Roman Road. List of A roads in Zone 1 of the Great Britain numbering scheme Ermine Street Tilbridge Lane, the history of the county of Lincoln, from the earliest period to the present time. Lincoln, J. Saunders, Jr. p.47, - references to the Roman Road, at Manton, Felix Oswald. The other definitely Roman road across the county from Lincoln to Doncaster is less known and this road would seem to have been a branch of the Ermine Street, being preferred perhaps to the more direct road to York, which involved a crossing of the Humber. This road leaves the Ermine Street just north of Lincoln, crosses the Trent at Littleborough, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. - description of Roman town on the banks of the Trent, where the Roman Road crossed
39 Welsh Row, Nantwich
39 Welsh Row is a Victorian former savings bank, in Jacobean Revival style, in Nantwich, England. It stands on the side of Welsh Row at the junction with St Annes Lane. Dating from 1846, it is listed at grade II, nikolaus Pevsner describes number 39 as the first noteworthy building on Welsh Row, which he considers the best street of Nantwich. Number 39 is currently used as offices, the Savings Bank was built in 1846, and cost an estimated £970. Two earlier independent banks had been established in the town, but had proved short-lived, by 20 November 1848, the Savings Bank had 1079 deposits, of which 1064 were private, nine were from charitable societies and six from friendly societies. In 1850, it opened only twice monthly, on the first and it was one of two banks in the town, the other being a branch of the Manchester and Liverpool District Bank on the High Street. By 1874, the bank was open weekly, on Mondays between 11 and 1, the Savings Bank was still at Welsh Row in 1914, however, by 1930 it had amalgamated with the Chester & Wrexham District Savings Bank and moved to 29 High Street.
In the early 20th century the building was in a dilapidated condition, by 1971,39 Welsh Row was used as offices for Pearl Assurance. The former bank is a detached building in Jacobean Revival style. In red brick under a roof, it has decorative blue-brick diapering. The central bay has a bay window surmounted by a stone balustrade with foliage decoration. The flanking bays each have a window, and all three windows to the front face have stone mullions and transoms and hexagonal-latticed lights. The main entrance is in a porch attached to the St Annes Lane face. The sides of the Welsh Row face and the edges of the bay have decorative stone quoins. The gable ends and the gable have stone corbels and coping. As of 2010, the building is used as the offices of a recruitment agency, listed buildings in Nantwich Sources Bavington G et al. Nantwich, Worleston & Wybunbury, A Portrait in Old Picture Postcards Hall J, a History of the Town and Parish of Nantwich, or Wich Malbank, in the County Palatine of Chester Pevsner N, Hubbard E.
The Buildings of England, Cheshire Simpson R. Crewe and Nantwich, Nantwich, A Brief History and Guide Vaughan D. Nantwich, It Was Like This
116 Hospital Street, Nantwich
116 Hospital Street is a substantial townhouse in Nantwich, England, located on the south side of Hospital Street. It is listed at grade II, the present building, of Georgian appearance, incorporates an earlier timber-framed house, which probably dates in part from the 15th century. Local historian Jane Stevenson calls it the most interesting house in Hospital Street, number 116 is one of a group of houses dating originally from the 15th and 16th centuries at the end of Hospital Street, which include Churches Mansion, numbers 140–142 and The Rookery. These buildings survived the fire of 1583, which destroyed the end of Hospital Street together with much of the centre of Nantwich. Number 116 is believed to stand near the site of the medieval Hospital of St Nicholas, number 116 is a large two-storey building with painted cement rendering under a tiled roof. The Hospital Street façade has two projecting end wings with hip ends projecting from the main roof. The central entrance is flanked by columns and has a semicircular fanlight with a pediment above.
There are four casement windows to ground and first floors, which date from the late 19th century. When the building was listed in 1974, there was a doorway in the left-hand wing. The façade is of Georgian appearance, English Heritage dates it as early 18th century although much altered, the existing building incorporates a much earlier timber-framed structure on a medieval plan, with a central hall and flanking wings. The parlour wing has been dated by Lake as probably late 15th century, the hall and service block, which date from the mid-to-late 17th century, probably replace earlier structures. The interior of the wing contains old chimneys and sandstone fireplaces of 15th-century design. The fireplace in the chamber of the parlour wing is particularly fine. There is a roof truss, and the main roof timbers meet vertically underneath the roof purlin. Traces of internal decoration survive, with red ochre on the roof timbers contrasting with white limewash on the wattle, listed buildings in Nantwich Sources Hall J.
A History of the Town and Parish of Nantwich, or Wich Malbank, the Great Fire of Nantwich Stevenson P. J. Nantwich, A Brief History and Guide
Abberton is a village in Essex, England. It is located approximately 0.62 mi east of Abberton Reservoir and is 4.2 mi south of Colchester, the village is in the borough of Colchester and in the parliamentary constituency of North Essex. The town is served by Abberton and Langenhoe Parish Council, there is a post office in the village. Abberton is among the villages which suffered damage from the 1884 Colchester earthquake, the Church at Abberton is St Andrew. It is located at the end of Rectory Lane approximately three hundred yards from Abberton Reservoir
20 High Street, Nantwich
20 High Street is a grade-II-listed Georgian building in Nantwich, England, which dates from the late 18th century. It is located on the west side of the High Street, in the 18th century, the building was used as an inn and a venue for cock-fighting, it became a private house and subsequently a shop. The site is believed to have been near the towns Norman castle, the present building is thought to stand near the site of the Norman Nantwich Castle. The castle was last recorded in 1462, the existing building dates from the late 18th century. It was formerly the Griffin Inn, which was the towns cock-fighting venue in the 18th century, in the late 19th century the building was a private residence. In the early 20th century it was Densems, a mens outfitters and it has been a branch of The Edinburgh Woollen Mill since at least 2000. In red brick with dressings, the building has two storeys with an attic. The single shallow gable is finished as a pediment and has a cornice decorated with modillions.
The prominent Venetian window on the first floor has narrow flanking pilasters, the ground floor has a modern shop front. A History of the Town and Parish of Nantwich, or Wich Malbank, the Great Fire of Nantwich McNeil Sale R. et al. Archaeology in Nantwich, Crown Car Park Excavations Pevsner N, Hubbard E, the Buildings of England, Cheshire Whatley A. Nantwich in Old Picture Postcards, 1880–1930
The A87 is a major road in the Highland region of Scotland. Its total length is 99 miles, it is a route for all of its length. Until the 1960s, the road ran along Glen Garry as far as Tomdoun, before heading north over the hills to Glen Loyne and it headed north west to the Cluanie Inn, where it joined the A887. Loch Loyne was dammed as part of a scheme, which put part of this road underwater. A new road was further to the east, around Loch Loyne. The remains of the bridges on Loch Loyne are visible when the level of water in the loch is low, the A87 route used to involve a short ferry crossing over Loch Long at Dornie, but this has since been replaced with a bridge. Nearby, the A87 used to run through the village of Morvich and this has now been bypassed with a causeway and bridge. In 1995 the Skye Bridge replaced the ferry between Kyle of Localsh on the mainland and Kyleakin on the Isle of Skye, tolls were met with considerable opposition, until removed in December 2004
30 Euston Square
30 Euston Square is a building located at the corner of Euston Road and Melton Street, London NW1. Originally built as the headquarters of a company, it has since been converted to form the headquarters of the Royal College of General Practitioners. Its architectural style is Greek Revival, the first phase, built in 1906–08, was designed by Arthur Beresford Pite, and the 1932 extension is by W. H. Gunton. In 1910 the insurance company became part of the Pearl Life Assurance Company, in 1913 Pite extended the roof of the building, and in 1923 he made a further extension to the north end of the building. The final phase of the building, with the address 194–198 Euston Road, was built in 1932 on the side of the original building. The building continued to be the headquarters of the NASA until approved societies were abolished under the terms of the National Insurance Act 1946. From 1948 it was owned by the government, and subsequently served a number of purposes, including being an office of the Department of Health.
It was transferred to ownership in the 1990s, but was virtually unused from that time. It was acquired by the RCGP, and refurbished to act as their headquarters and it opened for this purpose in late October 2012. The original building is constructed in load-bearing Portland stone and brick masonry, with slate roofs, the original building, facing Melton Street, is in four storeys with an attic and basement, the ground floor being rusticated. It is in Greek Revival style, the front being decorated with a type of Ionic column derived from those at the Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae. The 1932 extension is in Greek Revival style, the entrance hall is decorated internally with green and cream Doulton Parian Ware tiles. The parts of the building designed by Pite were designated as a Grade II* listed building on 14 May 1974, since coming under the ownership of the RCGP, the entire building has been given the address of 30 Euston Square. Its internal conversion has been carried out to make as little alteration as possible to the 1906–08 phase of the building, the main changes have been in the 1932 phase, where examination suites and 41 study-bedrooms have been created.
Elsewhere there are a 300-seat auditorium with an area,24 meeting rooms,6 private dining rooms and, on the top floor
14 Prince's Gate, London
14 Princes Gate is the building at the east end of a terrace overlooking Hyde Park in Kensington Road, London. The whole terrace is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building, the terrace is called Princes Gate because it stands opposite the Prince of Wales Gate to Hyde Park, named after the Prince of Wales who became Edward VII. In its earlier days its occupants included members of the Morgan family of American bankers, from the 1920s to the 1950s it was the residence of eight American ambassadors. It became the first headquarters of the Independent Television Authority and was until 2010 the headquarters of the Royal College of General Practitioners, the terrace containing 13 and 14 Princes Gate was completed in 1849. It was designed by Harvey Lonsdale Elmes and built by John Kelk, shortly after completion of the terrace, the Crystal Palace was built opposite in Hyde Park to house the Great Exhibition of 1851. The first owner of No.13 was George Baker, a building contractor, No.14 was leased and owned by John Pearce, but he did not live there.
The first resident, from 1852, was Edward Wyndham Harrington Schenley, a former soldier, in 1854 No.13 was rented by the American banker Junius Spencer Morgan, who bought the house at some time between 1857 and 1859. On his death in 1890 his son, John Pierpont Morgan, Pierpont Morgan spent up to three months every year in London, either in Princes Gate or at Dover House, in Putney. He was a collector of art, books. By 1900 the collection was too big to be contained in the house and part of it was loaned to the Victoria and his collection of paintings included works by Reynolds, Romney, Van Dyke, Frans Hals, Velázquez and Holbein. For the nine months of the year that Pierpont Morgan was away from London, in 1904, he bought the house next door, No. 14, from Schenleys widow and amalgamated it with No.13, the conjoined house was numbered 14. Its external appearance remained that of two houses, but internally structural alterations were made. These included the replacement of No, 14s principal staircase by an octagonal hall, and the creation of a lobby with marble columns on the floor above.
Pierpont Morgan died in 1913 and the house was inherited by his son, the latter never lived in the house and in the First World War he loaned it to the Council of War Relief for the Professional Classes, who used it as a maternity home. After the war the house was offered to the American Government as a home for their ambassadors, the house was first used for this purpose in 1929, and this use continued with one interval until 1955. Official business was not conducted at the house, but at the Embassy in Grosvenor Square, the American architect Thomas Hastings was employed to refurbish the building and remodel the façade. As part of this he added images of the heads of Native Americans in the keystones of the arches over the ground floor windows, Hastings transformed the façade in Beaux-Arts style and added a grand staircase
43 Bridge Street, Chester
43 Bridge Street is an undercroft and shop in Chester, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building and it is known as St Michaels Rectory. The building was originally a house, but in 1659, soon after it was built. It ceased to be used as a rectory in 1907, and was converted into a shop by a dealer named Crawford. It was restored in the late 20th century, constructed in timber framing with plaster panels, the shop has a grey slate roof. It has four storeys, and consists of a single, narrow bay, a portion of the Chester Rows passes through the first floor. At street level is a shop front, behind which is the former undercroft. At the front of the first floor is a rail on balusters, behind which is a stallboard, the walkway of the Row. Above this is a row of five ornately shaped panels, the second floor contains a three-light mullioned and transomed casement window, with two panels on each side. The top storey is jettied and gabled and it contains a row of six plain panels, above which is a small three-light casement window with two panels on each side, and a queen post gable with patterned bargeboards and a finial.
The interior has retained part of a 17th-century moulded ceiling, the form of the former great hall. In contains four panels depicting the Stations of the Cross and these appear to be medieval, but are in fact plaster panels painted to resemble wood that were installed by Crawford when the rectory was converted into a shop. As of October 2012 the building is occupied by previously Porrs Collection costume jewellery, as of November 2013 is now 2 Good 2 B True fashion Jewellery and accessories shop at street level and by Mad Hatters Tea Room & Bakery at row level and above. Grade II* listed buildings in Cheshire