Category:Artists from Henan
This category has only the following subcategory.
- ► Painters from Henan (18 P)
This category has only the following subcategory.
1. Cai Yong – Cai Yong courtesy name Bojie was a scholar of the Eastern Han Dynasty. He was well-versed in calligraphy, music, mathematics and astronomy, One of his daughters was the famous Cai Wenji. Cai Yong was born into a local family in Chenliu. When his father Cai Leng died, Cai Yong lived with his uncle Cai Zhi while taking care for his own mother for her last three years. When she died, Cai Yong became known for his arrangement of his mothers tomb, after that, Cai Yong studied composition, mathematics, astronomy, pitch-pipes, and music under Hu Guang, one of the highest-ranking officials in the Han court. In the early 160s Cai Yong was recommended to the Emperor Huan by the senior eunuchs for his skill with the drums, on his way to the capital, Cai Yong feigned illness to return home to study in seclusion. Ten years later in the early 170s, Cai Yong went to serve Qiao Xuan as a clerk, afterwards, Cai Yong served as a county magistrate and then a Consultant in the capital, in charge of editing and collating the text in the library. Known for his skills, he was constantly commissioned to write eulogies, memorial inscriptions. In 175, in fear of trying to alter the Confucian classics to support their views, Cai Yong. Emperor Ling approved, and the result was the Xiping Stone Classics, completed in 183, throughout his political career, he was an advocate of restoring ceremonial practices and often criticized against the eunuchs influence in politics. He was successful in persuading the emperor to participate in a ritual in the winter of 177 through his memorials, in the autumn of 178, the scholars were asked for advice on recent ill omens. Cai Yong responded with criticisms of eunuch pretensions, the eunuchs learnt of the attack, and accused Cai Yong and his uncle Cai Zhi of extortion. They were thrown into prison and sentenced to death, but the sentence was remitted to exile in the northern frontiers. Nine months later, he cited to the throne that his work on the history and classics were at risk from enemy raids. However, he offended the sibling of an influential eunuch during a banquet before his return. Cai Yong fled south to the Wu and Guiji commanderies and stayed there for twelve years, when Dong Zhuo came to power in 189, he summoned Cai Yong back to the capital. At first Cai Yong was unwilling, but Dong Zhuo enforced his demand with the threat I can eliminate whole clans, Cai Yong had no choice but to comply. Under Dong Zhuo, Cai Yong was made a General of the Household, in 192, when Dong Zhuo was killed in a plot by Wang Yun, Cai Yong was put into prison and sentenced to death for allegedly expressing grief at Dong Zhuos death
2. Shi Kefa – Shi Kefa, courtesy names Xianzhi and Daolin, was a government official and calligrapher who lived in the late Ming dynasty. He was born in Xiangfu and claimed ancestry from Daxing County and he was mentored by Zuo Guangdou. He served as Grand Secretary in the Ministry of War in Nanjing during the part of his career. He is best remembered for his defence of Yangzhou from the Qing dynasty, after his death, the Southern Ming dynasty granted him the posthumous name Zhongjing. Shi Kefa took the examination and obtained a jinshi degree in 1628. He was appointed as an official in Xian, before serving as a yuanwailang and langzhong in the Ministry of Revenue. In 1635 he followed the general Lu Xiangsheng to suppress peasant revolts throughout the land, in 1641, he was put in charge of the Caoyun system. In the seventh month of 1643, he was appointed as Grand Secretary of the Ministry of War in Nanjing, in the third lunar month of 1644, rebel forces led by Li Zicheng captured the Ming capital Beijing and the Chongzhen Emperor committed suicide. When news of the Chongzhen Emperors death reached Nanjing, there was debate on who would be the new Ming emperor. Even though Shi Kefa was effectively the leader of the Ming loyalists in Nanjing, in the fifth lunar month, Fengyangs Viceroy, Ma Shiying, and others supported the prince Zhu Yousong to take the throne, and Zhu became the Hongguang Emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty. For his effort, Ma Shiying won the appreciation of Hongguang, in the face of Li Zichengs rebel forces and the Qing armies, Shi Kefa advocated the policy of allying with Qing to eliminate the rebels first, then drive the Qing forces back north. However, the officials in the Southern Ming imperial court were disunited as they were interested in pursuing their personal interests. The Southern Ming dynasty gradually weakened under the pressure of political struggle. After losing his influence in the court, Shi Kefa requested to be dispatched north to supervise defenses on the northern border. Due to internal conflict among the Ming generals along the border, in the fourth lunar month of 1645, Zuo Liangyu led an army from Wuhan to attack Ma Shiying and Ruan Dacheng. Ma Shiying ordered Shi Kefa to set up defenses at the border to resist Zuo Liangyu from the east. Zuo Liangyu was eventually defeated by Huang Degong while his army surrendered, xuyi also surrendered to Qing and Sizhou fell to Qing. Shi Kefa moved back to Yangzhou and continued resisting the Qing invaders there, in the fifth lunar month of 1645, Qing forces led by the Manchu prince Dodo besieged Yangzhou