Category:Association of Combatant Clerics politicians
Pages in category "Association of Combatant Clerics politicians"
The following 20 pages are in this category, out of 20 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 20 pages are in this category, out of 20 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Mohammad-Ali Abtahi – Mohammad-Ali Abtahi is an Iranian theologian, scholar, pro-democracy activist and chairman of the Institute for Interreligious Dialogue. He is a former Vice President of Iran and an associate of former President Mohammad Khatami. Abtahi is a member of the council of Association of Combatant Clerics. In 1997, President of Iran Mohammad Khatami chose Abtahi as his first chief of staff, Abtahi held the position from July 10,1997 to September 1,2001. On September 2,2001, Abtahi was elevated to the post of the Iranian Vice President for Legal and he was the first cabinet member in Iran to write a weblog or have an Orkut account during his membership in the cabinet. He was followed by Majid Ansari, a representative of Tehran to the Parliament. Seyyed Abtahi appeared on The Daily Show with John Stewart in 2009, Abtahis father, Ayatollah Hassan Abtahi is the author of several controversial books about Imam Mahdi. Seyyed Hassans ultra-conservative religious and political views are different from Mohammad Alis. Seyyed Hassan was arrested recently for suspicious organised activities, Mohammad Ali discussed this in a post to his blog titled Why dont I write about my father and brothers arrest. Mohammad Ali Abtahi was arrested on June 16,2009 during the aftermath of the 2009 presidential elections and subsequent protests. According to human groups, similar confessions by Iranian political prisoners are almost always obtained under duress. ”In a court hearing, his wife Fahimeh Mousavinejad, dismissed her husband’s confession as false. As his family, we know the way he expresses himself, many people have read his blog. The sentences he was using were not his own”, Abtahis photos from the trial show signs of probable use of torture during his imprisonment. Following Abtahis record as the first Iranian cabinet member to blog while in office, on August 26,2009, a few days after that prison blog entry, however, his website was suddenly taken offline. In November 2009, he was sentenced to six years in jail for the intention to topple the government. Mohammad Ali Abtahi was born in Mashhad and he is married to Fahimeh Mousavinezhad and has three daughters, named Faezeh, Fatemeh, and Farideh. He is also the nephew of Abdolkarim Hasheminezhad, on 14 October 2013, Abtahi was hospitalized in Milad Hospital after he suffered a brain attack. Hours later, Abtahis personal doctor confirmed that Abtahis health was good. de Mohammed Ali Abtahi, Working Against the Misuse of Religion by Politics
2. Majid Ansari – Majid Ansari, is an Iranian politician and cleric. He is currently Vice President for Legal Affairs since July 12,2016, Ansari is also a representative to the Assembly of Experts and a member of the Expediency Discernment Council. Politically, he is a member of the Central Council of Association of Combatant Clerics, previously, he has been a representative of Tehran in the Parliament of Iran until 2004. Ansari has openly supported Sadegh Khalkhali, the judge and his serial executions
3. Mehdi Karroubi – Mehdi Karroubi is an Iranian Shia cleric and reformist politician leading National Trust Party. He is the chairman of the parliament from 1989 to 1992 and 2000 to 2004, and he is a founding member and former chairman of the Association of Combatant Clerics party. Karroubi is a critic of the Guardian Council and Irans Judicial System and he has been described as a moderate with a mostly rural base of support. Karroubi considers himself a pragmatic reformist and now is one of the leaders of the movement in Iran. Mehdi Karroubi is born on 26 September 1937 into a Shia clerical family in Aligudarz, Karroubi studied theology and Islamic studies at seminaries in Qom and Tehran. He studied under figures such as Hossein-Ali Montazeri and Ruhollah Khomeini. Karroubi was promoted to Mujtahid on the recommendation of the Grand Ayatollah Yousef Sanei and he also studied theology and law at Tehran University. In 1962, he became a lawyer in economy, dealing with the investments of prominent businessmen in Iran, Karroubi was imprisoned several times by the government of the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, during the 1970s, including a stint at the Qasr Prison in Tehran. His wife, Fatemeh, later recalled that she took their son, Taghi. In 1978, Karroubi retired from law in order to commit to politics, in 1979, he joined the Iranian Revolution. Karroubi was the head of the Imam Khomeini Relief Committee and the Martyrs Foundation shortly after Iranian revolution, in 1988, Karroubi re-entered business after 10 years of emphasis on politics. With eighteen years of experience as a solicitor beforehand, Karroubi began trading and investing himself, during his first term as speaker of Parliament, Karroubi was among the maktabi or radical faction of the majlis who contested the policies of President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. While Rafsanjani favored foreign investment and market reforms, Karroubi and others sought to promote mass political participation, in fall of 1989 several radical clerics founded the Association of Combatant Clerics of Tehran, which Karroubi headed. Karroubi eventually left this association in 2005 and founded his own party and his wife, Fatemeh, served as his social affairs advisors when he served as the chairman of the Majlis of Iran from 2000 until 2004. Among politicians in the Islamic Republic, he has one of the leading supporters of civil rights for citizens. Karroubi was long an advocate of womens rights and the presence of women in all social activities and he has been supportive of women taking leadership roles within their political groups. Mehdi Karroubi, an ethnic Lur, supports an approach where all people regardless of their gender, religion and he was outspoken in supporting the rights of religious and ethnic minorities. He visited churches, synagogues and Zoroastrian temples during his time as speaker of Parliament, Mr Karroubi is a critic of the Guardian Council and on numerous occasions wrote letters to the council expressing his concerns
4. Sadegh Khalkhali – A farmers son and ethnic Azeri born in Givi in appearance Khalkhali was a small, rotund man with a pointed beard, kindly smile, and a high-pitched giggle. On 24 February 1979, Khalkhali was chosen by Ruhollah Khomeini to be the Sharia ruler or head the newly established Revolutionary Courts, and to make Islamic rulings. In the early days of the revolution he sentenced to death hundreds of government officials on charges such as spreading corruption on earth. Most of the condemned did not have access to a lawyer or a jury, according to one report, after sentencing Hoveida to death pleas for clemency poured in from all over the world and it was said that Khalkhali was told by telephone to stay the execution. Khalkhali replied that he would go and see what was happening and he then went to Hoveyda and either shot him himself or instructed a minion to do the deed. Im sorry, he told the person at the end of the telephone. Khalkhali was known for his antipathy towards pre-Islamic Iran, at the height of the Iran hostage crisis in 1980 following the failure of the American rescue mission Operation Eagle Claw and crash of U. S. Following that, in August 1980 he was asked by President Banisadr to take charge of trying and sentencing drug dealers, and sentenced hundreds to death. In an interview, Khalkhali personally confirmed ordering more than 100 executions, in some cases he was the executioner, where he executed his victims using machine guns. In an interview with the French newspaper Le Figaro he is quoted as saying, If my victims were to back on earth, I would execute them again. Khalkhali was elected as representative for Qom in Islamic Consultative Assembly for two terms, serving for more than a decade. In 1992, however, he was one of 39 incumbents from the Third Majles and 1000 or so candidates rejected that winter and spring by the Council of Guardians, which vets candidates. The reason given was a failure to show a commitment to Islam and to the Islamic government. Khalkhali sided with reformists after the election of President Mohammad Khatami in 1997, Khalkhali retired to Qom, where he taught Islamic seminarians. He died in 2003, at the age of 77, of cancer, at the time of his death, the speaker of Parliament, Mehdi Karoubi, praised the judges performance in the early days of the revolution. Khalkhali was married and had a son and two daughters and his daughter, Fatemeh Sadeqi, though born in a restrictive Islamic environment, has attended university, attained Ph. D. and is now known for her secular views. She was the author of “Why We Say No to Forced Hijab” — a widely circulated 2008 essay, history of fundamentalist Islam in Iran Mostafa Pour-Mohammadi Majid Ansari Reza Shahs mausoleum 1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners Chain murders of Iran V
5. Hadi Khamenei – Hojatoleslam Hadi Khamenei is an influential Iranian reformist politician, mojtahed and linguist. He is a key member of the reformist Association of Combatant Clerics, Khamenei is the younger brother of Irans Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, with whom he disagrees and from whom he is now estranged. Born to an Iranian Azerbaijani father and an ethnic Persian mother from Yazd, Hadi Khamenei grew up in the 1950s, one of eight siblings, spending his time raising birds. He says that his father did not force him into religious studies, Hadi Khamenei became a leading reformer in the 1990s, putting him at odds with his older brother, whose official position he criticized as having too much power. Hadi Khamenei was an important adviser to reformist President Mohammad Khatami and he was a deputy minister in the 1980s. Aside from Association of Combatant Clerics, Hadi Khamenei is Secretary-general of the Assembly of the Forces of Imams Line. The political right in this country say that the leader is above the law, that he can change the law. Those powers can cause a dictatorship, he told American author Robin Wright in a 2000 interview in Tehran, Khamenei argues that the Guardian Councils vetting of candidates threatens Iranian democracy. He believes that some reformist candidates are wrongly kept from running, in 1998, the Guardian Council rejected Hadi Khameneis candidacy for a seat in the Assembly of Experts, allegedly for having insufficient theological qualifications. In the 1990s, Hadi Khamenei spoke at seminaries across Iran, on 11 February 1999, around one hundred people attacked Hadi Khamenei in Qom. The mob used stones, sticks, iron rods and shoes to attack Khamenei, the Iranian police arrested 45 people who were suspected to be involved in the attack. The editors of the newspapers Salam, Khordad, Sobh-i Imruz, Hamshahri, Akhbar, Iran, Etelaat, Iran News, Zan, Arya, the Ministry of Islamic Guidance and Culture and the Society of Lecturers and Researchers at Qoms Theological Seminary also condemned the attack. Some conservatives blamed Khamenei for the attack, the member of the Iranian Parliament Rajab Rahmani argued that Hadi Khamenei staged the attack to get attention and pity. Mohammad Mohajeri of the Kayhan newspaper suggested that Hadi Khameneis comments were the cause of violence. Khamenei was the publisher of newspapers, including Hayat-e-No. The Special Court for the Clergy, an appointed by the Supreme Leader. The newspaper was accused of insulting Imam Khomeini in a cartoon, in parliament, Hadi Khamenei said that he would have rather died than be accused of insulting the imam. The Special Court for Clergy temporarily banned Hayat-e No in January 2000, according to the Guardian, Hayat-e No is a reliable paper
6. Mohammad Khatami – Seyyed Mohammad Khatami is an Iranian scholar, Shia theologian, and reformist politician. He served as the fifth President of Iran from 3 August 1997 to 3 August 2005 and he also served as Irans Minister of Culture from 1982 to 1992. He was a critic of former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejads government. Little known until that point, Khatami attracted global attention during his first election to the presidency when he captured almost 70% of the vote, Khatami had run on a platform of liberalization and reform. Khatami is known for his proposal of Dialogue Among Civilizations, the United Nations proclaimed the year 2001 as the United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations, on Khatamis suggestion. On 8 February 2009, Khatami announced that he would run in the 2009 presidential election, on 16 March, he announced he was withdrawing from the race in favor of his long-time friend and adviser, former Prime Minister of Iran, Mir-Hossein Mousavi. In January 2010, Mohammad Khatami stated that he was not in the position to accept the award, Khatami was born on 29 September 1943, in the small town of Ardakan, in Yazd Province. Khatami holds the title of Sayyid, which means that he is a patrilineal descent from Muhammad. He married Zohreh Sadeghi, daughter of a professor of religious law. They have two daughters and one son, Leila, Narges, and Emad, Khatamis father, the late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khatami, was a high-ranking cleric and the Khatib in the city of Yazd in the early years of the Iranian Revolution. Like his father, Khatami rose to prominence when he became an Ayatollah. Khatamis brother, Mohammad-Reza Khatami, was elected as Tehrans first member of parliament in the 6th term of parliament and he also served as the secretary-general of Islamic Iran Participation Front for several years. Mohammad Reza is married to Zahra Eshraghi, granddaughter of Ruhollah Khomeini who is a feminist human rights activist, Khatamis eldest sister, Fatemeh Khatami, was elected as the first representative of the people of Ardakan in 1999 city council elections. Mohammad Khatami is not related to Ahmad Khatami, a hardline cleric and he studied there for seven years and completed the courses to the highest level, Ijtihad. After that, he went to Germany to chair the Islamic Centre in Hamburg from 1978 to 1980 and he is also a member and chairman of the Central Council of the Association of Combatant Clerics. Besides his native language Persian, Khatami speaks Arabic, English, running on a reform agenda, Khatami was elected president on 23 May 1997, in what many have described as a remarkable election. Despite limited television airtime, most of which went to conservative Speaker of Parliament and favored candidate Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri, even in Qom, the center of theological training in Iran and a conservative stronghold, 70% of voters cast their ballots for Khatami. He was re-elected on 8 June 2001 for a second term, the day of his election,2 Khordad,1376, in the Iranian calendar, is regarded as the starting date of reforms in Iran
7. Ali Akbar Mohtashamipur – Ali Akbar Mohtashamipur or Mohtashami is a Shia cleric who was active in the 1979 Iranian Revolution and later became interior minister of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He is seen as a founder of the Hezbollah movement in Lebanon, elements, advocating the export of the revolution, in the Iranian clerical hierarchy. In an assassination attempt targeting Mohtashami, he lost his hand when he was opening a book loaded with explosives. Mohtashemi studied in the city of Najaf Iraq, where he spent considerable time with his mentor the Ayatollah Khomeini. He also accompanied Khomeini in the period in both Iraq and France. He cofounded an armed group in the 1970s with Mohammad Montazeri, son of Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri, in Lebanon and Syria, following the revolution he served as Irans ambassador to Syria from 1982 to 1986. He later became Irans minister of interior, Mohtashami actively supervised Hezbollahs creation, merging into it existing radical Shiite movements, the Lebanese al-Dawa, the Association of Muslim Students, Al Amal al Islamiyya. In 1986 his close supervision of Hezbollah was cut short when the Office of Islamic Liberation was reassigned to Irans ministry of foreign affairs and he is also described as making liberal use of the diplomatic pouch as Ambassador, bringing in crates of material from Iran. He was remained among radical hard line parties even when he choose as the minister in the government of Musavi, in 1989 the new Iranian president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani ousted Mohtashami from the Lebanon desk of the Iranian ministry of foreign affairs, replacing him with Rafsanjanis brother Mahmud Hashemi. This was seen as an indication of Irans downgrading of its support for Hezbollah, the killing of Higgins is said to have come from orders issued by Iranian radicals, most notably Mohtashemi, in an effort to prevent improvement in the U. S. –Iranian relationship. Mohtashemi was in the Western news again in 2000, not as a radical but for refusing to appear in court in Iran after his pro-reform newspaper. Behzad Nabavi and Ali Akbar Mohtashami were among those who prevented by the Guardian council from taking part in the elections of Majlis. In 1984, after the Beirut bombings, Mohtashami received a parcel containing a book on Shia holy places when he was serving as Iranian ambassador to Damascus, as he opened the package it detonated, blowing off his hand and severely wounding him. Mohtashami was medevaced to Europe and survived the blast to continue his work, the identity of the perpetrators of the attack is unknown. Ranstorp, Magnus, Hizballah in Lebanon, The Politics of the Western Hostage Crisis, New York, St
8. Abdolvahed Mousavi Lari – Abdolvahed Mousavi Lari was the interior minister of the Islamic Republic of Iran during the presidency of Mohammad Khatami. Mousavi Lari was born in Mohr, Fars in 1954, in August 1997 when Mohammad Khatami was elected president of Iran, Lari was appointed vice president for legal and parliamentary affairs. However, following the impeachment of Abdollah Nouri by the Parliament, he was nominated by Khatami as minister of interior and he was in office until 2005 when Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became president and nominated Mostafa Pour-Mohammadi as interior minister. Lari is a member of the Association of Combatant Clerics party
9. Abdollah Nouri – Abdollah Noori is an Iranian cleric and reformist politician. He has been called the bête noire of Islamic conservatives in Iran, Abdollah Nouri was called a trusted lieutenant of Ayatollah Khomeini who was the religious guide to the Revolutionary Guards early in the revolution. Khomeini appointed him as his representative to many other important organisations as well, khomeinis successor, supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, also appointed him a member of a powerful council which advises him on major policies. However Abdollah Nouri also supported dissident cleric, Grand Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri, Nouri served as minister of interior for four years in then President Hashemi Rafsanjanis first term cabinet. He also served as the minister of interior in Mohammad Khatamis first term cabinet until his impeachment by the conservative-controlled 5th Majlis for his defence of political and social freedoms, following his impeachment, Khatami brought Abdullah Nouri back to his cabinet as a vice-president. He was generally seen as the most outspoken reformist in Khatamis cabinet, in February 1999, he stood down from this post to take part in the municipal elections in February and was elected as the chief of the City Council of Tehran. He resigned from the Council in order to participate in the parliamentary election. He founded a newspaper and named it Khordad, named after the victory of President Khatami on the 2nd of Khordad,1376 by the Iranian calendar and his newspaper advocated freedom of expression, human rights and a modern and democratic Islam. He was tried by the Special Clerical Court in Iran and made an outspoken and aggressive defence during his trial, refusing to accept the authority of this court, readers of the Iranian voted him the most significant Iranian personality of 1999. Nouri was released from prison on 5 November 2002 and he was released because his brother Alireza Noori, a member of parliament at the time, was killed in an accident. Mr. Abdollah Nouri was mentioned as a candidate in the 2009 presidential election. He considered as one of the leading pragmatists among reformers, though They were aligned with Khomeini’s doctrines. 2nd of Khordad Movement Nouri banned from Iranian election