Pages in category "Assyrian nationalists"
The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Rosie Malek-Yonan – Rosie Malek-Yonan is an American actress, author, director, public figure and activist of Assyrian ethnicity. Born in Tehran, Iran, Malek-Yonan is a descendant of one of the oldest and most prominent Assyrian families, the Malek-Yonan family originated from Jilu and eventually settled in the Assyrian Christian village of Geogtapa, in the Urmia region of northwestern Iran. Geogtapa was the largest Assyrian Christian village in the region and much of it belonged to the Malek-Yonan family with the oldest plot in the family graveyard dating back to 1100. During the Assyrian genocide of 1914–1918, Malek-Yonans grandparents left their homeland in Urmia. The Malek-Yonan family fled to Mesopotamia where her father was born in Baghdad, years later, both families returned to Tehran where her parents met and were married. Malek-Yonan is a trained pianist, composer, actress, director, writer, documentary filmmaker. She began studying piano at the age of four and while still in her teens, competed in and won many piano competitions in Iran. In 1972 after winning a piano competition in Iran, she was invited by Queen Farah Pahlavi to play at a Command Performance. A graduate of San Francisco State University with two degrees in Music, she won an invitation to study drama at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts and her plays have been produced and performed on stage. In 2008 Malek-Yonan’s one woman play, An Assyrian Exodus previewed in Hartford, the work is based on true family diaries written during the 1918 Great Exodus from Urmia, Iran. Malek-Yonan made her debut in 1983 on Aaron Spellings television series, Dynasty. She has since appeared in numerous television shows, films and plays. She has had recurring roles on Days of Our Lives, Chicago Hope, Beverly Hills,90210, The Young, on Star Trek, Deep Space Nine she was Tekoa. She has guest starred on shows as Generations, Seinfeld, Life. She played the role of Nuru Il-Ebrahimi, opposite Reese Witherspoon in New Line Cinemas Rendition, the film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival. In 2015 Malek-Yonan joined the board of the Beverly Hills Film Festival as a consultant. She has candidly criticized the U. S. for failure to protect the Christians in Iraq since the beginning of the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, the expected result, she said, was an exodus of hundreds of thousands of Christians from Iraq. At least hundreds have been killed, one priest was quartered and beheaded
2. Dinkha IV – Mar Dinkha IV, born Dinkha Khanania, was the Catholicos-Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East. He was born in the village of Darbandokeh, Iraq, Dinkha Khanania was born in Iraq and baptized in the Church of Mar Qaryaqos located in the village of his birth, Darbandokeh. Khanania gained his education under the tutorship of his grandfather. After two years of study, he was ordained deacon in the church of Mar Youkhana in Harir by Mar Yousip on 12 September 1949, on 15 July 1957, he was ordained to the priesthood, and appointed to minister Urmia, Iran. He was the fourth in the line of succession to the Bishopric of Urmia, dinkhas priesthood as Metropolitan of Iran and Tehran reestablished a line of succession which had ceased to exist after the 1915 assassination of his predecessor. In 1962, Dinkha moved from northern Iraq to Tehran, during his tenure in Iran, he established a seminary and advocated for Assyrian nationalism and ecumenism. Responding to popular demand, Catholicos-Patriarch Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII consecrated Khananya as bishop on 11 February 1962, Dinkha died on 26 March 2015 in Rochester, Minnesota. After the assassination of Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII, the Church of the East had an urgent need to restore its leadership. In 1976, the prelates of the church convened in London to elect a new Catholicos Patriarch and he was consecrated on 17 October 1976, in the West London Church of St. Barnabas, Ealing. With this consecration, Mar Dinkha IV became the successor to the Apostolic See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, Dinkha established headquarters—along with four other houses of worship—in Chicago, Illinois, United States, in part due to the instability of the Iran–Iraq War. This conflict as well as Saddam Husseins policy of Arabization in Iraq, meanwhile, the Islamic Revolution and Shia emphasis in Iran created a tense situation for Assyrians in the Middle East. During the reign of Shimun XXIII and Dinkha IV, American membership in the Church of the East rose from 3,200 in the 1950s to approximately 100,000 in 2008. In 2005, the Patriarch conducted discussions with President of Iraqi Kurdistan Massoud Barzani on returning to the Apostolic See in northern Iraq, on 15 July 2007, Mar Dinkha celebrated 50 years of his priesthood. A ceremony was held at St. George Cathedral in Chicago, Dinkha made ecumenism a priority during his reign, as well as advocacy for the Assyrian people. The two continued to meet informally over the next decade, the prior year, Assyrians and Roman Catholics also produced A Common Statement on Sacramental Life that assessed the importance of sacraments in both churches. Assyrians have also allowed to study at Baghdads Chaldean Catholic College and unmarried deacons. The dispute between the Assyrians and Copts resulted in a common Christological declaration in 1996, which was rejected by the Coptic synod. In 1996, the Church of the East was offered membership in the MECC, discussions for the Church of the East to join the MECC have stalled since 1999
3. Freydun Atturaya – Freydon Bet-Abram Atoraya was an Assyrian physician born in the town of Charbash in the district of Urmia in Iran. He was sent by his father to live with an uncle in Tbilisi, then in the Russian Empire and he worked as a medical doctor for the Russian Army as soon as he graduated in 1915. Alongside his military and political career, he wrote poems and founded an Assyrian magazine, after the February 1917 Russian revolution, Freydon Atoraya, Benjamin Bet Arsanis and Baba Bet Parhad founded the first Assyrian political party, the Assyrian Socialist Party. After 1918, the Assyrian National Council which he ran moved to Tbilisi and he was ousted, then imprisoned, after a failed attempt in 1921 to convince the Soviet Foreign minister to repatriate Assyrians to Urmia and Salamis, he married in 1922, and subsequently had two children. He was imprisoned again in 1924 under the accusation of being a fanatic Assyrian nationalist and he died in prison in 1926, probably poisoned or hanged. The docudrama is called A Man Before His Time, the Unsung Life of Freydun Atouraya and it is funded by the Assyrian diaspora community led by the Assyrian Universal Alliance Foundation, based in Chicago. Urmia Manifesto of the United Free Assyria Naum Faiq Farid Nazha Esha Emmanuel Tamras, Dr. Freydun Bit Abram Dr. Fraidoon Atturaya MELTA1995 Volume 1, No 1 Dr. Freydun Bit-Abram
4. Naum Faiq – Naum Elias Yaqub Palakh, better known as Naum Faiq was one of the founding fathers of modern Assyrian nationalism during the early 20th century. He was a teacher and writer throughout his life, a Syriac Orthodox Christian, he emphasized the importance of unity among Assyrians and encouraged his community to depart from tribal mentality. He was born in Diyâr-ı Bekr in the Ottoman Empire and began his education there at the age of seven, after primary school, he attended the local high school that had been established by local Brotherhood of Ancient Syrians. He spent 8 years at the school, where education was jointly in classical Syriac, Ottoman Turkish, Naum also went on to learn several other languages, including Persian and basic French. After his parents died, he first lived with his older brother Thomas and he also taught in Urfa, Adıyaman and Homs before returning to Diyarbakır. Naum wrote numerous books concerning the Syriac language and people, after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution and the proclamation of the second Ottoman constitution, restrictions on freedom of speech were lifted. In 1910, Naum began publishing a newspaper for the Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant Syriac communities, while written entirely in the Syriac alphabet, Star of the East was actually tri-lingual with articles in Ottoman Turkish, classical Syriac and Arabic. This newspaper, along with that of Ashur Yousif, signaled the emergence of Assyrian nationalism in the Syriac Christian communities of the Ottoman Empire, the death of his wife in 1927 affected Naum very much. He died in New Jersey in 1930 due to lung disease, Naum Faiq day is celebrated yearly on February 5. Ceremonies are usually held in Syria, United States, and in various European nations and his most famous poem is titled Awake, son of Assyria, awake. Farid Nazha Assyrian nationalism List of ethnic Assyrians/Chaldeans/Syriacs Chuqqî, Murâd Fuâd
5. Farid Nazha – Farid Elias Nazha was an Assyrian Nationalist and a journalist. He was known for his criticism to Syriac Christian Clergy which led to his excommunication by the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch Ignatius Afram I Barsoum and he is considered one of founders of modern Assyrian nationalism. Farid was born on 10 January 1894 to a family which traces its roots back to Kharput in modern-day Turkey, in 1911 a number of Syriac Orthodox members of his family converted to Syriac Catholicism which initiated a bitter conflict between the Arameans/Assyrians/Syriacs of Hama. Farids father decided to send his son to Argentina to prevent him from getting involved in the conflict, in Augusts 1911 he arrived in Buenos Aires, there he studied Mathematics and Economy. He got married and moved to Santiago del Estero in March 1920 where he worked there, influenced by Naum Faiqs writing, Nazha established a Syriac cultural club, the Ephremic Society, in 1934. It included Assyrian/Syriac immigrants in Argentina, a newspaper, Syriac University, was published by the society in September of the same year. The newspaper was aimed at the Assyrian/Syriac immigrants in Argentina. Nazha himself had a permanent column in the newspaper and he attacked the clergy in what he saw as consecration of separation of different Syriac Churches. For him nationality was above religion, and archbishops shouldnt have a role in the Assyrian/Syriac society. His views about the church worsened as the latter started adopting Arabic in its liturgies, farid Nazha continued publishing his newspaper until his death in Spain on 19 October 1970. هوزايا, يونان. فريد نزها القومي الغيور والصحفي الجريء
6. Ashur Yousif – Ashur Yusef was a professor and an ethnic Assyrian intellectual prior to World War I and the Assyrian Genocide. He was Protestant, as was his wife - Arshaluys Oghkasian and he studied at the Central Turkey College in Antep, and later became professor of Classical Armenian language at the Euphrates College in Harput. In 1909, Ashur started publishing a Turkish-language newspaper named Murshid Athuriyion and he also composed poems in Armenian and Turkish. Ashur and his brother Donabed along with other Assyrian leaders from the town of Harput were arrested on April 19,1915 and were all later hanged and his children and grandchildren have written numerous books on him. Yesterday on Sunday morning April 19th 1915 when we had heard that the Turks were crazed with the anger of beastly slaughter, sparing neither man woman or child we became terrified. Especially when the news came of the arrests of my comrades, I began to shiver, and during the course of preparing a hiding place, I myself was arrested and brought to this cell. This is an opportunity that I am enjoying to write you my last letter, for I know we will be cut to pieces when we leave here, though I do not know when. Do not worry over my death-it is Gods will- I am going to heaven to protect the rights of the Assyrians at the presence of the biggest and greatest Judge, the books and the work I had started about our nations education remains unfinished. I am afraid they will be destroyed in a short time. One of my biggest desires has been to keep our brother Donabed away from drink, id have given anything under the sun to have made him temperate but it was in vain. I will give him my last advice after I finish writing to you, I leave my loving wife and children in your care. My son Isaak was to graduate high school this year. I had intended to give him an education, which is another unfinished task I leave in your hands. The time is almost up and I close this sad missive with wishes for your welfare and safety, farewell brother, farewell Ashur S. Yousouf