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Pages in category "Astrobiologists"
The following 71 pages are in this category, out of 71 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Astrobiologists.|
The following 71 pages are in this category, out of 71 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Baruch Samuel Blumberg – He was President of the American Philosophical Society from 2005 until his death. Blumberg received the Nobel Prize for discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin, Blumberg identified the hepatitis B virus, and later developed its diagnostic test and vaccine. Blumberg was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Ida and Meyer Blumberg and he first attended the Orthodox Yeshivah of Flatbush for elementary school, where he learned to read and write in Hebrew, and to study the Bible and Jewish texts in their original language. Blumberg then attended Brooklyns James Madison High School, a school that Blumberg described as having high academic standards, including many teachers with Ph. Ds. After moving to Far Rockaway, Queens, he transferred to Far Rockaway High School in the early 1940s, Blumberg served as a U. S. Navy deck officer during World War II. He then attended Union College in Schenectady, New York and graduated there with honors in 1946. D. in 1951. He remained at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center for the four years, first as an intern. He then began work in biochemistry at Balliol College, Oxford and earned his Ph. D there in 1957. In 1964, while studying yellow jaundice, he discovered a surface antigen for hepatitis B in the blood of an Australian aborigine and his work later demonstrated that the virus could cause liver cancer. Blumberg and his team were able to develop a screening test for the hepatitis B virus, to prevent its spread in blood donations, Blumberg later freely distributed his vaccine patent in order to promote its distribution by drug companies. Deployment of the reduced the infection rate of hepatitis B in children in China from 15% to 1% in 10 years. Concurrently, he was Master of Balliol College from 1989 to 1994 and he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1994. From 1999 to 2002, he was director of the NASA Astrobiology Institute at the Ames Research Center in Moffett Field. In 2001, Blumberg was named to the Library of Congress Scholars Council, Blumberg served on the Council until his death. In November 2004, Blumberg was named Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of United Therapeutics Corporation, as Chairman, he convened three Conference on Nanomedical and Telemedical Technology, as well as guiding the biotechnology company in the development of a broad-spectrum anti-viral medicine. Beginning in 2005, Blumberg also served as the President of the American Philosophical Society and he had first been elected to membership in the society in 1986. In October 2010, Blumberg participated in the USA Science and Engineering Festivals Lunch with a Laureate program, in which middle, northern Virginia and Maryland area got to engage in an informal conversation with a Nobel Prize–winning scientist over a brown-bag lunch. In an interview with the New York Times in 2002 he stated that is what drew me to medicine, there is, in Jewish thought, this idea that if you save a single life, you save the whole world
2. Martin Brasier – Martin David Brasier FGS, FLS was an English palaeobiologist and astrobiologist known for his conceptual analysis of microfossils and evolution in the Precambrian and Cambrian. He was Professor of Palaeobiology at the University of Oxford and Emeritus Fellow of St Edmund Hall, Brasier died in a car accident near Burford, Oxfordshire, UK, on 16 December 2014. He was secretary and then leader of the International Geoscience Programme, UNESCO and his own book on the subject, Darwins Lost World was published in 2009 as part of the Charles Darwin centenary celebrations. Lyell Medal, Geological Society of London, Burlington House,2014 Society of Biology first book awards nomination 2013 Landing, E. Geyer, G. Braser, M. D. and Bowring, S. A.2013. Cambrian Evolutionary Radiation, centext, correlation, and chronostratigraphy - overcoming deficiencies of the First Appearance Datum concept, 133-172 Brasier, M. D. Matthewman, R. McMahon, S. and Wacey, D.2011. Pumice as a substrate for the origins of life. Astrobiology,7, 725-735 Wacey, D. Kilburn, M. Saunders, M. Cliff, J. and Brasier, microfossils of sulphur-metabolizing cells in 3. 4-billion-year-old rocks of Western Australia. Nature Geoscience,4, 698-702 Strother, P. K, battison, L. Brasier, M. D. & Wellman, C. H. 403, 505-509 Brasier, M. D. & Antcliffe, Evolutionary relationships within the Avalonian Ediacara biota, new insights from Laser Analysis. Journal of the Geological Society,166, 363-384 Brasier, M. D. & Antcliffe, science 305, 1115-1117 Brasier, M. D. Green, O. R. Jephcoat, A. P. Kleppe, A. K. Van Kranendonk, M. J. Lindsay, J. F. Steele, A. & Grassineau, questioning the evidence for Earths oldest fossils. Nature 416, 76-81 Brasier, M. D. & Lindsay, a billion years of environmental stability and the emergence of eukaryotes. Geology,26, 555-558 Brasier, M. D. Cowie, J. W. & Taylor, decision on the Precambrian- Cambrian boundary stratotype. The Origin of Major Invertebrate Groups, systematics Association Special Volume,12, 103-159 Brasier, M. D.2012. Secret Chambers, the story of cells and complex life. Darwins Lost World, the history of animal life. Cowie, J. W. and Brasier, M. D.1989, the Precambrian-Cambrian Boundary, Oxford Monographs in Geology and Geophysics, No.12. George Allen & Unwin, London, 193pp
3. Donald E. Brownlee – Donald Eugene Brownlee is a professor of astronomy at the University of Washington and the principal investigator for NASAs Stardust mission. His primary research interests include astrobiology, comets, and cosmic dust and he was born in Las Vegas, Nevada. Brownlee studied electrical engineering at University of California, Berkeley, prior to attending school at the University of Washington. Brownlee received his doctorate in astronomy from the University of Washington in 1971 and he has also conducted research as a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Enrico Fermi Institute at the University of Chicago. Brownlee is co-author with paleontologist Peter Ward of two books, Rare Earth, Why Complex Life is Uncommon in the Universe and The Life, in 1991, Asteroid 3259 was named after Brownlee. Also, the International Mineralogical Association has named a new mineral in honor of Donald Brownlee and this new mineral—brownleeite—is the first mineral found from a comet. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences
4. Julian Chela-Flores – Julian Chela-Flores is a Venezuelan astrobiologist and physicist. He is known for his contributions to the field of planetary habitability and his father, a mathematician, encouraged his studies in science, while his mother raised his interest in the humanities. He lived in England where he studied in the University of London and his field of research is astrobiology, in other words the science of the origin, evolution, distribution and destiny of life in the universe, especially life on Europa, the Jovian satellite. He is Full Professor ad honorem at the Institute for Advanced Studies having been a co-founder of IDEA in 1980, since 1994 he is an Associate Member of the Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies. His first contact with the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste took place during the inauguration of its Miramare Campus, from 1990-2014 he was scientist in residence at the ICTP, Scientific Consultant and Staff Associate. He now continues his research as Visiting Scientist at the ICTP, chemical Evolution, Origin of Life A. Deepak Publishing, Vol.135, Hampton, Virginia, USA. Chela-Flores, J. M. Chadha, A. Negron-Mendoza, chemical Evolution, Self-Organization of the Macromolecules of Life A. Deepak Publishing, Vol.139, Hampton, Virginia, USA. Chemical Evolution, The Structure and Model of the First Cell, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Chemical Evolution, Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Chela-Flores, J. and Raulin, F. Exobiology, Matter, Energy, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Chela-Flores, J. Lemarchand, G. A. and Oro, J. Astrobiology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. The New Science of Astrobiology From Genesis of the Living Cell to Evolution of Intelligent Behavior in the Universe, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Chela-Flores, J, Owen, T. and Raulin, F, the First Steps of Life in the Universe. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, seckbach, J. Chela-Flores, J. Owen, T. Raulin, F. Life in the Universe From the Miller Experiment to the Search for Life on Other Worlds Series, Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, Vol.7, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. The New Science of Astrobiology From Genesis of the Living Cell to Evolution of Intelligent Behavior in the Universe, Series, Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, Band 3 Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Softcover edition of the 2001 book, a second Genesis, Stepping-stones towards the intelligibility of nature. The Science of Astrobiology A Personal Point of View on Learning to Read the Book of Life, Book series, Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands
5. Ian Crawford (astrobiologist) – Ian Andrew Crawford is professor of planetary science and astrobiology at Birkbeck, University of London. Crawford is a specialist in the science and exploration of the Moon and he is the author of over 130 peer-reviewed research papers in the fields of astronomy, planetary science, astrobiology and space exploration. Crawford is a Fellow, and currently Senior Secretary, of the Royal Astronomical Society, in 2014 he was appointed to the European Space Agencys Human Spaceflight and Exploration Science Advisory Committee. Astrophysics, University College London,1988 M. Sc, geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of Newcastle upon Tyne,1983 B. Sc. Astronomy, University College London,1982 North Cestrian Grammar School, Altrincham, Cheshire, 1972-1979 The Long-Term Scientific Benefits of a Space Economy, Lunar Resources, A Review, Progress in Physical Geography. Interplanetary Federalism, Maximising the Chances of Extraterrestrial Peace, Diversity and Liberty, published in, back to the Moon, The Scientific Rationale for Resuming Lunar Surface Exploration, Planetary and Space Science. Astrobiological Benefits of Human Space Exploration, Astrobiology, Crawford speaking at the 2014 Battle of Ideas. A full list of Crawfords publications is available here, the long-term scientific benefits of space infrastructure @ Royal Astronomical Society, April,2016, ras. org. uk
6. Paul Davies – Paul Charles William Davies, AM is an English physicist, writer and broadcaster, a professor at Arizona State University as well as the Director of BEYOND, Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science. He is affiliated with the Institute for Quantum Studies at Chapman University in California and he has held previous academic appointments at the University of Cambridge, University College London, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, University of Adelaide and Macquarie University. His research interests are in the fields of cosmology, quantum field theory and he has proposed that a one-way trip to Mars could be a viable option. In 2005, he took up the chair of the SETI, Post-Detection Science and he is also an adviser to the Microbes Mind Forum. Davies was brought up in Finchley, London and he attended Woodhouse Grammar School and then studied physics at University College London, gaining a first class Bachelor of Science degree in 1967. In 1970, he completed his PhD under the supervision of Michael J. Seaton and he then carried out postdoctoral research under Fred Hoyle at the University of Cambridge. Davies inquiries have included theoretical physics, cosmology, and astrobiology, during his time in Australia he helped establish the Australian Centre for Astrobiology. Davies was a co-author of Felisa Wolfe-Simon on the Science article A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus, Davies is Principal Investigator at Arizona State Universitys Center for Convergence of Physical Science and Cancer Biology. Davies received the Templeton Prize in 1995, Davies was made a member of the Order of Australia in the 2007 Queens birthday honours list. The asteroid 6870 Pauldavies is named after him, Davies writes and comments on scientific and philosophical issues. He made a series for BBC Radio 3, and two Australian television series, The Big Questions and More Big Questions. His BBC documentary The Cradle of Life featured the subject of his Faraday Prize lecture and he writes regularly for newspapers and magazines worldwide. He has been guest on radio and television programmes including the children podcast programme Ask A Biologist. An opinion piece published in the New York Times, generated controversy over its exploration of the role of faith in scientific inquiry. Davies argued that the scientists have in the immutability of physical laws has origins in Christian theology. Indeed, their responses bore the hallmarks of a superficial knee-jerk reaction to the sight of the words science, while atheists Richard Dawkins and Victor J. Stenger have criticised Davies public stance on science and religion, others including the John Templeton Foundation, have praised his work. I dropped chemistry at the age of 16, and all I knew about arsenic came from Agatha Christie novels, I think its a window into a whole new world of microbiology. And as a matter of fact, she already has 20 or so candidate other organisms that were very anxious to take a look at, I think were going to see a whole new domain of life here
7. Audrey C. Delsanti – Audrey Delsanti is a French astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets at ESOs La Silla Observatory in Chile. In 2004 she was awarded a NASA Postdoctoral Fellowship in astrobiology at the Institute for Astronomy of the University of Hawaii in Honolulu
8. Steven J. Dick – Steven J. Dick is an American astronomer, author, and historian of science most noted for his work in the field of astrobiology. Before that, he was an astronomer and historian of science at the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, steven J. Dick received a Bachelor of Science in astrophysics from Indiana University in 1971. In 1977, he earned a Master of Arts and a Ph. D. in the history, there he was part of a team using transit telescopes and astrographs to chart the northern and southern skies. During this time, he wrote the history of the Observatory. In 2003, he was named the Chief Historian for the National Aeronautics and these works are among the first scholarly volumes to take the history of the extraterrestrial life debate seriously. They argue that since the ancient Greeks, extraterrestrial life has been a theme tied to scientific cosmologies, including the ancient atomist, Copernican, Cartesian, and Newtonian worldviews. Dick argues that from a point of view the methods of astrobiology in the twentieth century are as empirical as in any historical science such as astronomy or geology. Dick has also surveyed the field of astrobiology in Critical Issues in the History, Philosophy, aside from his work in astrobiology, Dick is known for advancing the ideas of cosmotheology and the postbiological universe. Cosmotheology holds that theology should be based on what we know about the universe, namely that we are not in a physical position. The idea of a postbiological universe emerges from taking seriously cultural evolution as an part of cosmic evolution. This finding, which redefines the nature of scientific discovery, is contrary to common expectations, the book also defines 82 classes of astronomical objects, and orders them into “Astronomy’s Three Kingdoms, ” astronomy’s first comprehensive classification system. He is on the board for the Journal for the History of Astronomy. From 2011-2012 he held the Charles A. Lindbergh Chair in Aerospace History at the National Air & Space Museum, in 2013 Dick was named the Baruch S. Blumberg NASA/Library of Congress Chair in Astrobiology. Dick is the recipient of the NASA Exceptional Service Medal and the Navy Meritorious Civilian Service Medal, in 2006, Dick received the LeRoy E. Doggett Prize from the American Astronomical Society for a career that has significantly influenced the field of the history of astronomy. Also in 2006, Dick was selected to deliver the first Billingham Cutting Edge Lecture, at the International Astronautical Congress in Valencia, in 2009, minor planet 6544 Stevendick was named in his honor. In 2012, he was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. S, Naval Observatory 1830-2000 ISBN 0-521-81599-1 Editor, Critical Issues in the History of Spaceflight Editor, Societal Impact of Spaceflight Editor, America in Space, NASA’s First Fifty Years. Steven J. Dicks web site U. S. House Science Committee testimony U. S
9. David Field (astrophysicist) – David Field is an astrophysicist and author, living in Århus, Denmark. The son of E. J. and Dereen, Field studied Chemistry at Newcastle University, UK and he was later awarded the degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Cambridge. Previously Reader in Physical Chemistry at the University of Bristol, he now researches astrophysics and he has published over 175 papers in this subject. He is on the board of Astrobiology, and played a key role in the discovery of spontelectrics. Aside from academic work, Field is also known for his writing, being the author of a fiction series that begins with Friends and Enemies. The third and final volume in this trilogy, The Fairest Star, was published in November 2008