Category:Australian Broadcasting Corporation radio stations
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
1. Australian Broadcasting Corporation – The Australian Broadcasting Corporation is Australias national public broadcaster, owned and funded by the government. The ABC plays a role in the history of broadcasting in Australia. With a total budget of A$1. Founded in 1929 as the Australian Broadcasting Company, it was made a state-owned corporation on 1 July 1932 as the Australian Broadcasting Commission. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983 changed the name of the organisation to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, although funded and owned by the government, the ABC remains editorially independent as ensured through the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983. The ABC is sometimes referred to as Aunty, originally in imitation of the British Broadcasting Corporations nickname. The first public station in Australia opened in Sydney on 23 November 1923 under the call sign 2SB with other stations in Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth. It also nationalised the Australian Broadcasting Company which had created by entertainment interests to supply programs to various radio stations. Over the next four years the stations were reformed into a broadcasting organisation through regular program relays. The Australian broadcast radio spectrum was constituted of the ABC and the commercial sector, in 1942 The Australian Broadcasting Act was passed, giving the ABC the power to decide when, and in what circumstances, political speeches should be broadcast. Directions from the Minister about whether or not to broadcast any matter now had to be made in writing and it was used only once, in 1963. In the same year, Kindergarten of the Air began on ABC Radio in Perth, cater argues that reform was urgently needed in 1945, By the end of World War II, the ABC was a decadent, hollow institution. Its authority had been compromised by a poorly drafted charter and further undermined by timid management, poor governance, in April 1945, Boyer refused to accept the post of chairman until Prime Minister Curtin issued a mandate of independence which Boyer drafted itself. The ABC commenced television broadcasting in 1956, and followed the earlier practice of naming the station after the first letter of the base state. ABN-2 Sydney was inaugurated by Prime Minister Robert Menzies on 5 November 1956, with the first broadcast presented by Michael Charlton, aBV-2 followed two weeks later, on 18 November 1956. Stations in other cities followed, ABQ-2, ABS-2, ABW-2. ABC-3 Canberra opened in 1961, and ABD-6 started broadcasting in 1971, although radio programs could be distributed nationally by landline, television relay facilities were not in place until the early 1960s. This meant that news bulletins had to be sent to each city by teleprinter, to be prepared and presented separately in each city, with filmed materials copied manually
2. ABC Classic FM – ABC Classic FM is a classical music radio station available in Australia, and internationally online. It is operated by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, ABC Classic FM was established in 1976 as ABC-FM, and later for a short time was known as ABC Fine Music, before adopting its current name. It was the ABCs first experiment in FM broadcasting – which had become a necessity in Australia as broadcasters ran out of AM frequencies on which to transmit, ABC Classic FM was inspired partly by the example of BBC Radio 3. ABC Classic FMs studios were established at the ABC studios in Collinswood, the ABCs decision to establish ABC Classic FM in Adelaide was significant because most of the ABCs radio and television national program origination infrastructure is located in Sydney. ABC Classic FM broadcasts classical music, operas, recitals and live concerts, live music is a major feature of ABC Classic FM schedule. Concerts are broadcast from around Australia and Internationally, via the European Broadcasting Union, since 2001, ABC Classic FM has organised a number of Classic 100 Countdown surveys. The results of survey are decided by votes cast by the listeners of the radio station. The works are broadcast in order of popularity over seven to ten days. The countdown culminates in the broadcast of a concert featuring the most popular pieces and finishes with the number one listener choice. A feature of the countdown is that piece is kept secret until just before its broadcast. Each November on ABC Classic FM is Australian music month, where Australian artists are heavily promoted and this includes more Australian composition broadcast every day, some free, limited-entry concerts around the country, all-Australian albums of the week, and lots of live Australian concerts. In common with all ABC Radio stations, it also carries news bulletins produced by ABC News, on 19 December 2005, in line with the policy applied at every ABC Radio network, these news bulletins became state-based rather than national. On weekdays, ABC Classic FMs news bulletins are broadcast hourly from 06,00 until 19.00 AEST/AEDT, at weekends, news bulletins are broadcast hourly from 05,00 till 10,00, then at 12,00,17,00 and 19,00. All news broadcasts, other than an extended 10-minute bulletin at 07,00, ABC Classic 2, a music-only talk-free streaming station, was established in June 2014. It broadcasts only via a stream and is available on the ABCs Android. Classic 2 specialises in streaming popular styles of classical music, the music on Classic 2 is performed exclusively by leading Australian orchestras, ensembles and soloists. No opera or vocal works are included in the playlist, during daytime and evenings Classic 2 typically broadcasts short excerpts from the classical repertoire, for example single movements from full symphonies. Between midnight and 06,00, longer works are included, ABC Classic 2 is managed and programmed by the ABC Classic FM team
3. Parliamentary and News Network – Parliamentary News Network was an Australian Broadcasting Corporation radio network dedicated to broadcasting the Australian Parliaments Question Time sessions. It was established in the 1960s, parliamentary broadcasts previously being carried by contracted stations and it was taken over by the then-new ABC NewsRadio in 1994. Initially, this new service was known as ABC NewsRadio on the Parliamentary. Despite the use of the network by ABC NewsRadio, the PNN exists independent of it, the PNN falls under the Parliamentary Proceedings Broadcasting Act 1946 and not the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983. Parliamentary proceedings must be broadcast on the network defined by the Act, the ABC still produces a parliament-only feed for satellite, cable and Internet purposes. This is sometimes known as PNN. Due to legal action by CNN, it is no known as PNN on air