Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the worlds sixth-largest country by total area, the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east, and New Zealand to the south-east. Australias capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney, for about 50,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages classifiable into roughly 250 groups. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored, on 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy comprising six states. The population of 24 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard, Australia has the worlds 13th-largest economy and ninth-highest per capita income. With the second-highest human development index globally, the country highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom. The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis a name used for putative lands in the southern hemisphere since ancient times, the Dutch adjectival form Australische was used in a Dutch book in Batavia in 1638, to refer to the newly discovered lands to the south. On 12 December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office that it be formally adopted, in 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known officially as Australia. The first official published use of the term Australia came with the 1830 publication of The Australia Directory and these first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, were originally horticulturists, the northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited sporadically by fishermen from Maritime Southeast Asia. The first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent, are attributed to the Dutch. The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon. He sighted the coast of Cape York Peninsula in early 1606, the Dutch charted the whole of the western and northern coastlines and named the island continent New Holland during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement. William Dampier, an English explorer and privateer, landed on the north-west coast of New Holland in 1688, in 1770, James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast, which he named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain. The first settlement led to the foundation of Sydney, and the exploration, a British settlement was established in Van Diemens Land, now known as Tasmania, in 1803, and it became a separate colony in 1825. The United Kingdom formally claimed the part of Western Australia in 1828. Separate colonies were carved from parts of New South Wales, South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, the Northern Territory was founded in 1911 when it was excised from South Australia
Christianity in Australia
Christianity is the largest Australian religion according to the national census. In the 2011 Census,61. 1% of Australians were listed as Christian, Australia has no official state religion and the Australian Constitution protects freedom of religion. The presence of Christianity in Australia began with the arrival of the First Fleet of British convicts in 1788, the religion grew to account for 96. 1% of the national population at the time of the Federation of Australia in 1901. The Anglican Church of Australia was the largest church until 1986, post-war multiculturalism and a decline in religious observance among some sections of the population have diversified the demographics of religion in Australia. Of the roughly 61% identifying as Christian in 2011, Roman Catholics made up 25%, Anglicans 17%, post-war immigration has grown the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and there are large and growing Pentecostal groups, such as Sydneys Hillsong Church. The festivals of Easter and Christmas are public holidays in Australia, before European contact, indigenous people had performed the rites and rituals of the animist religion of the Dreamtime. Portuguese and Spanish Roman Catholics and Dutch and English Protestants were sailing into Australian waters from the seventeenth century, among the first Roman Catholics known to have sighted Australia were the crew of a Spanish expedition of 1605–6. In 1606, the leader, Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, landed in the New Hebrides and, believing it to be the fabled southern continent, he named the land. Later that year, his deputy Luís Vaz de Torres sailed through Australias Torres Strait, the English navigator James Cooks favourable account of the fertile east coast of Australia in 1770 ultimately ensured that Australias Christian foundations were to reflect the British denominations. The permanent presence of Christianity in Australia began with the arrival of the First Fleet of British convict ships at Sydney in 1788, the Reverend Richard Johnson of the Church of England was licensed as chaplain to the Fleet and the settlement. In early Colonial times, Church of England clergy worked closely with the governors, Johnson was charged by the governor, Arthur Phillip, with improving public morality in the colony, but he was also heavily involved in health and education. Thus they looked to Protestant ministers as the natural moral policemen of society, of social use in a convict colony for preaching against drunkenness. Probably on the first Sunday, Chaplain Johnson gathered all those willing under a great tree, johnsons successor, the Reverend Samuel Marsden, had magisterial duties and so was equated with the authorities by the convicts. He became known as the parson for the severity of his punishments. One-tenth of all the convicts who came to Australia on the First Fleet were Roman Catholic, a small proportion of British marines were also Roman Catholic. Other groups were represented, for example, among the Tolpuddle martyrs were a number of Methodists. The first Roman Catholic priest colonists arrived in Australia as convicts in 1800 – James Harold, James Dixon and Peter ONeill, mr Dixon was conditionally emancipated and permitted to celebrate Mass. On 15 May 1803, in vestments made from curtains and with a made of tin he conducted the first Roman Catholic Mass in New South Wales
Russell Ira Crowe is an actor, film producer and musician. Although a New Zealand citizen, he has lived most of his life in Australia, Crowe appeared as the tobacco firm whistle blower Jeffrey Wigand in the 1999 film The Insider, for which he received five awards as best actor and seven nominations in the same category. Crowe is also the co-owner of the South Sydney Rabbitohs, an Australian National Rugby League team. Crowe was born on 7 April 1964 in the Wellington suburb of Strathmore Park, Crowes maternal grandfather, Stan Wemyss, was a cinematographer who was named an MBE for filming footage of World War II. Crowes paternal grandfather, John Doubleday Crowe, was from Wrexham, Wales, Crowe also has English, German, Irish, Italian, Norwegian, Scottish, Swedish, and Welsh ancestry. He is a cousin of former New Zealand cricket captains Martin Crowe and Jeff Crowe, Russell has built a cricket field named for his uncle. When Crowe was four years old, his family moved to Sydney, Australia, the producer of the Australian TV series Spyforce was his mothers godfather, and Crowe was hired for a line of dialogue in one episode, opposite series star Jack Thompson. Crowe also appeared briefly in the serial The Young Doctors, Crowe was educated at Vaucluse Public School but later moved to Sydney Boys High School. When he was 14, his family moved back to New Zealand where, along with his brother Terry, he attended Auckland Grammar School with cousins Martin Crowe and Jeff Crowe. He then continued his education at Mount Roskill Grammar School. Crowe began his career as a musician in the early 1980s, under guidance from his good friend Tom Sharplin. He released several New Zealand singles including I Just Want To Be Like Marlon Brando, Pier 13, Shattered Glass and he managed an Auckland music venue called The Venue in 1984. When he was 18, he was featured in A Very Special Person, a promotional video for the theology/ministry course at Avondale College, a Seventh-day Adventist tertiary education provider in New South Wales. Crowe returned to Australia at age 21, intending to apply to the National Institute of Dramatic Art, I was working in a theatre show, and talked to a guy who was then the head of technical support at NIDA, Crowe has recalled. I asked him what he thought about me spending three years at NIDA and he told me itd be a waste of time. He said, You already do the things, you go there to learn and youve been doing it for most of life, so theres nothing to teach you. From 1986 to 1988, he was given his first professional role by director Daniel Abineri and he played the role of Eddie/Dr Scott. He repeated this performance in a further Australian production of the show, in 1987, Crowe spent six months busking when he could not find other work
Hugh Michael Jackman is an Australian actor, singer, and producer. Jackman has won recognition for his roles in a variety of film genres. His work in Les Misérables earned him his first Academy Award nomination for Best Actor, in Broadway theatre, Jackman won a Tony Award for his role in The Boy from Oz. A four-time host of the Tony Awards themselves, he won an Emmy Award for one of these appearances, Jackman also hosted the 81st Academy Awards on 22 February 2009. Jackman was born in Sydney, New South Wales, to Grace McNeil and Christopher John Jackman and his parents were English and had come to Australia in 1967 as part of the Ten Pound Poms immigration. One of his paternal great-grandfathers, Nicholas Isidor Bellas, was Greek and his parents were devout Christians, having been converted by Evangelist Billy Graham after their marriage. Jackman has four siblings, and was the second of his parents children to be born in Australia. He also has a younger half-sister, from his mothers remarriage and his parents divorced when he was eight, and Jackman remained in Australia with his father and Jackmans two brothers, while his mother moved back to England with Jackmans two sisters. As a child, Jackman liked the outdoors, spending a lot of time at the beach and on camping trips and he wanted to see the world, I used to spend nights looking at atlases. I decided I wanted to be a chef on a plane, because Id been on a plane and there was food on board, I presumed there was a chef. I thought that would be an ideal job, following graduation, he spent a gap year working at Uppingham School in England. On his return, he studied at the University of Technology, Sydney, in his final year of university, he took a drama course to make up additional credits. The class did Václav Havels The Memorandum with Jackman as the lead and he later commented, In that week I felt more at home with those people than I did in the entire three years. After obtaining his BA, Jackman completed the one-year course The Journey at the Actors Centre in Sydney, about studying acting full-time, he stated, It wasnt until I was 22 that I ever thought about my hobby being something I could make a living out of. As a boy, Id always had an interest in theatre, but the idea at my school was that drama and music were to round out the man. It wasnt what one did for a living, I found the courage to stand up and say, I want to do it. Jackman has said he always loved acting but when I started at drama school I was like the dunce of the class and it just wasnt coming right to me. Everyone was cooler, everyone seemed more likely to succeed, everyone seemed more natural at it, I think it is good to come from behind as an actor
From Perth, Jeffery graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon, and served in the Malayan Emergency and the Vietnam War, being awarded the Military Cross during the latter conflict. He was at various stages commander of the Special Air Service Regiment and the 1st Division, after serving for seven years in the equivalent viceregal role in Western Australia, Jeffery was appointed governor-general in 2003, following the resignation of Peter Hollingworth. He was the first career Australian Army officer to hold the position, Jeffery was born in Wiluna, Western Australia and was educated at Kent Street Senior High School. At 16 he left Perth to attend the Royal Military College, Duntroon, after graduation in 1958, he served in a number of junior positions before being posted to Malaya in 1962 for operational service. From 1966 to 1969 he served in Papua New Guinea, during this posting, he married Marlena Kerr of Sydney, with whom he had three sons and a daughter. This was followed by a tour of duty in Vietnam during which he was awarded the Military Cross, Jeffery remained convinced that Australias participation in the Vietnam War was right. I believe passionately that Vietnam was a just cause in the circumstances of the time, in 1972 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, commanding the 2nd Battalion of the Pacific Islands Regiment from 1974 to 1975. From 1982 to 1983 he headed Australias national counter-terrorist co-ordination authority, in 1985 he was promoted to major general, being appointed to command the 1st Division the following year. In 1990 he became Deputy Chief of the General Staff and in 1991 he was appointed Assistant Chief of the General Staff for Materiel, in November 1993 Jeffery was appointed Governor of Western Australia and in June 1996 he was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia. He was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order on 1 April 2000, during his seven years in the post he made a number of public statements of his conservative views on marriage, sex and education. He received some criticism from the Labor opposition and sections of the media for appearing to take positions on political issues, following the resignation of Peter Hollingworth as governor-general, the prime minister, John Howard, announced on 22 June 2003 that he had chosen Jeffery to succeed Hollingworth. He was formally appointed by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia and sworn in on 11 August 2003 and it is expected that future governors-general will serve in this position. Jeffery was the Chief Scout of Australia, Jeffery was an active Chief Scout. Jeffery left Yarralumla prior to the swearing-in of his successor, Quentin Bryce, Bryce was sworn in on 5 September 2008. Founder and first Chairman, Future Directions International Future Directions International is an independent and it was established in 2000 by General Jeffery together with a small group of leading Australians to conduct comprehensive research of important medium to long-term issues facing Australia. The elimination of blinding trachoma from Australia, and from remote Aboriginal communities in particular has been a focus of the Trust in Australia. Chairman Outcomes Australia Outcomes Australia describes itself as “a not-for-profit organisation for change”, “Their stated purpose is to ensure that Australia has optimal solutions to problems that impact on the entire community directly, or indirectly. The Outcomes approach is not to devise solutions, but to find successful, gillard noted that the condition of our soils must be a national priority
Matthew John Corby is an Australian singer-songwriter. He achieved his breakthrough with his fourth EP, Into the Flame, which peaked at No.3 on the ARIA Singles Chart. His 2011 single Brother and his 2013 single Resolution both won ARIA Music Awards for Song of the Year and he is the 26th Australian male singer and the 100th Australian act to reach the number one position on the ARIA albums chart with his debut album Telluric. Matthew John Corby was born on 7 November 1990 and raised in Oyster Bay, Corby attended Inaburra School in Bangor, New South Wales. In his teens he became involved in a Christian motivational youth band, Iron & Clay, the band toured nationally in schools, churches and festivals. At age 16, Corby auditioned for the season of Australian Idol. He described participating in the competition as being a big fucking mistake, on 5 June 2009, Corby independently released his debut extended play, Song For. on Scorpio Music. He then relocated to London and was signed with the indie label Communion by the labels owner, Corby has been compared to Nick Drake and Jeff Buckley. On 28 May 2010, Corbys second EP, My False, was issued by Communion, on 20 October, after recording with Ian Grimble and released his third EP, Transition to Colour. From late 2010 to early 2011, Corby played numerous shows in London and in February, he performed at South by Southwest in Austin. He returned to Australia to play Secret Garden shows in fans backyards throughout the country, in July, he supported UK band Elbow on their tour of Splendour sideshows. Corbys track Made of Stone was featured on an episode of Underbelly, Razor in 2011, lighthome was in an episode of Home and Away in 2011, and Song For. in 2012 on the same TV series. Corby recorded a version of INXSs By My Side for the bands album, Original Sin. He featured on a track on Julia Stones debut solo album The Memory Machine and on UK singer-songwriter Passengers track Golden Thread, the EP also featured in The Blacklist starring James Spader. After spending a few months writing, Corby spent September 2011 recording his fourth EP, Into the Flame, the EP showcased a new direction for Corby, including soul-influenced growling vocals along with a bluesy melody, in conjunction with Corbys signature folk style. The title song has described as lyrically raw and endearingly honest. The EP also features a duet with keyboardist Bree Tranter, previously of Australian band The Middle East, the EP provided Corbys first entry on the ARIA Charts, where it reached No.46 on the ARIA Top 50 Singles Chart on 4 December 2011. It subsequently peaked at No.3, upon its release, Corby posted a message on his website and Facebook page, After 12 months of lots of ups and downs, Im so excited to share this EP with you
Elizabeth Betty Cuthbert AM, MBE is an Australian athlete, and a fourfold Olympic champion. During her career, she set records for 60 metres,100 yards,200 metres,220 yards and 440 yards. She went to Ermington Public School which inspired and supported her to go in to the olympics, Cuthbert also contributed to Australian relay teams completing a win in the 4 ×100 metres,4 ×110 yards,4 ×200 metres and 4 ×220 yards. Cuthbert had a running style, with a high knee lift. At the age of 18, with the 1956 Summer Olympics to be held in Melbourne, Cuthbert set a World Record in the 200 metres, making her one of the favorites for a gold in that event. Cuthbert first reached the finals of the 100 metres, setting an Olympic record of 11.4 seconds in her heat, Cuthbert won the final and was then the big favourite for the 200 metres title. She lived up to the expectations, and became the Australian Golden Girl, a third gold medal for Cuthbert came when she ran the final leg on in the 4 ×100 metres final, which the Australian team won in a new World Record. During 1958 Cuthbert set world records for 100 and 220 yards but was beaten in both events by arch-rival and double-Olympic bronze medalist Marlene Mathews at the Australian Championships. Later in the year, at the Empire Games at Cardiff, Cuthbert could only place fourth in the 100y and second in the 220y and she set a world record at 440 yards, which was broken in September 1959 by Maria Leontyavna Itkina of the Soviet Union. In the lead-up to the 1960 Summer Olympics, in Rome, at the Rome Games, she suffered from injury and was eliminated from the heats of the 100 metres. Subsequently, she retired from the sport of track & field and her retirement did not last long, though, for she returned at the 1962 Commonwealth Games in Perth, Western Australia, helping Australia to a gold medal in the sprint relay. Afterwards, she concentrated on the 400 metres, and she competed in event in the 1964 Summer Olympics, in Tokyo. Though not impressive in the heats, Cuthbert won the title for her fourth Olympic gold medal and she is the only Olympian, male or female, to have won a gold medal in all sprint events,100 metres,200 metres, and the 400 metres. She subsequently verified her retirement for good after Tokyo, also in 1964 she received the Helms Award for her sporting contributions. Cuthbert was one of the bearers of the Olympic Torch at the Opening Ceremony of the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, New South Wales, Betty Cuthbert grew up in the Sydney suburb of Ermington, where she attended Ermington Public School. As a teenager, she attended Macarthur Girls High School, the main street of Ermington shopping centre is named Betty Cuthbert Avenue in her honour. Cuthbert has a sister, Marie. She has multiple sclerosis and now lives in Western Australia, in 2010, Betty Cuthbert had a rose named after her
Elinor Catherine Hamlin, AC, MBBS, FRCS, FRANZCOG, FRCOG, is an Australian obstetrician and gynaecologist who, with her husband, New Zealander Dr. They also co-founded an associated non-profit organisation, Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia, Hamlin has been recognised by the United Nations agency UNFPA as a pioneer in fistula surgery for her development of techniques and procedures for obstetric fistula treatment. The Hamlins, together with the staff, have treated more than 45,000 women to date for obstetric fistula. Elinor Catherine Nicholson was raised in the Sydney suburb of Ryde, at The Hermitage, one of six children of Elinor and Theodore Nicholson, she went to Frensham School in Mittagong, before attending the University of Sydney and graduating from its Medical School in 1946. After internships at St Joseph’s Hospital, Auburn, and St Georges Hospital, Kogarah, in 1950, she married Dr Reginald Hamlin, medical superintendent at Crown Street. They arrived in 1959 with their son, Richard. The Hamlins had never seen an obstetric fistula before — they were an academic rarity having been eradicated in the United States in 1895. Seeing many cases arrive at the school, they decided to create a dedicated hospital, fifteen years later, in 1974, they founded Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital and over the years, the hospital has treated more than 45,000 patients. Hamlin still lives in her cottage on the grounds of the Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital and she remains very active in the day-to-day work of the hospital and patient care. Reg Hamlin was actively involved in the activities of the hospital and was a member of its Board of Trustees until his death in 1993, Hamlin has been awarded honorary fellowships in the medical associations of Australia, England and the United States. On 1 January 2001, she was awarded the Centenary Medal for long and outstanding service to development in Africa. She is the author of the book, The Hospital by the River, A Story of Hope. A second edition was published in 2016 with a foreword by Dame Quentin Bryce and she has been described as a modern-day Mother Teresa in an editorial by Pulitzer Prize–winning writer Nicholas Kristof of The New York Times. Aged 80, Hamlin appeared on Oprah Winfreys television show in January 2004, the episode was included in Winfreys 20-year anthology collection. Winfrey travelled to the hospital and filmed another episode for her show, the 2007 documentary, A Walk to Beautiful featured five Ethiopian women who were treated and cured by Hamlin and her team at the Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital. In 2009 she was awarded the Right Livelihood Award, also called the Alternate Nobel Prize, in November 2016 it was announced that the first of Sydneys new ferries would be named Catherine Hamlin. Both Hamlin and her hospital have received numerous awards, known for her dedication and humility, Hamlin says of the plaudits she has received that Im doing what I love doing and its not a hardship for me to be working in Ethiopia with these women
Dami Im is a Korean-Australian singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist performing artist. Im is known for achieving the highest ever Eurovision score for Australia, Im emigrated to Australia from South Korea with her family at the age of nine. She won the season of The X Factor Australia and subsequently received a recording contract with Sony Music Australia. After winning The X Factor, Im released her debut and winners single Alive and this was followed by the release of her self-titled second studio album, which debuted at number one the ARIA Albums Chart and was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association. Im became the first X Factor Australia contestant to follow up a one single with a number one album on the ARIA Charts. Ims third studio album, Heart Beats, was released in 2014 and it produced the top-twenty hits Super Love and Gladiator. Dami Im was born in Seoul on 17 October 1988 to Lee Hae-yun, an opera singer. She is the elder of two children, Im began learning the piano at the age of five, and she taught herself to sing by recording herself copying her favourite artists. Aged nine, Im emigrated to Australia with her mother and younger brother Kenny because their parents thought they would have more opportunity growing up in Australia and they stayed with their uncle in Brisbane, while her father stayed in South Korea to earn money to support them. Ims parents now live together, spending part of the year in Australia, aged 11, Im began studying at the Young Conservatorium of Music program at Griffith University. She was a national finalist in the Yamaha Youth Piano Competition, and won the Nora Baird Scholarship, Im attended John Paul College in Daisy Hill, Queensland and graduated in 2005. She never sang while at school and would accompany the choir on piano. In 2009, Im graduated from the University of Queensland with first class honours in a Bachelor of Music and she subsequently completed a Masters of Arts degree in contemporary voice at Griffith University. Prior to entering The X Factor, Im was a music, Im had a short career as a gospel singer in Korea, performing at Christian youth camps. In 2010, she released her studio album, Dream. In July 2011, Im re-released the album with two tracks, which were both sung in English. On 5 December 2011, Im released a Christmas extended play called Snow & Carol, on 9 July 2012, Im released her second extended play, Intimacy, which consisted of five tracks. In 2013, Im successfully auditioned for the season of The X Factor Australia
Gary Ablett Jr.
Gary Ablett Jr. is a professional Australian rules footballer who plays for the Gold Coast Football Club in the Australian Football League. He also previously played with the Geelong Football Club, the eldest son of Australian Football Hall of Fame member and former Geelong player Gary Ablett Sr. Ablett was drafted to Geelong under the father-son rule in the 2001 AFL draft. He made his debut in 2002 and has become recognised as one of the AFLs best midfielders. Ablett became the captain of the Gold Coast Football Club in 2011. He is a winner of the Gold Coast Best & Fairest award. He won the clubs first and only Brownlow Medal in 2013, in recent years, Ablett has suffered a number of setbacks through injury. Gary Ablett, Junior was born to Gary and Sue Ablett in the town of Modewarre. As the eldest boy among three siblings, Abletts childhood coincided with the peak of his fathers footballing career. Along with his brother Nathan, Ablett would regularly attend his fathers training sessions, Geelong players regarded them as barefooted pests in the rooms, and would often engage in kick-to-kick sessions with both of the boys. He attended Christian College Geelong during his schooling years, Ablett played junior football with the Modewarre Football Club until he was chosen to play for the Geelong Falcons in the Under 18 TAC Cup competition in 2000. Abletts selection was met controversy, as some families of other prospective junior players felt Ablett was chosen on the basis of his famous family heritage rather than footballing merit. However, the Falcons football manager Mick Turner repeatedly dismissed speculation, nonetheless, as the son of a popular and famous football player from Geelong, Ablett attracted a large following even at junior level. Although he was still a player, Ablett received mid-year State honours for Victoria Country during the 2001 National Championships. After spending one year in the TAC Cup, Ablett entered his name into the 2001 AFL Draft at the conclusion of the 2001 season. Ablett was drafted by the Geelong Football Club with their fifth selection, Ablett made his senior debut for the club in the opening round of the 2002 AFL season, where he gathered 8 disposals and took 4 marks. Ablett made twelve appearances in total during the season, before spending the latter half of the year with the reserves team. Playing as a forward, he helped the clubs reserves team win the 2002 VFL premiership against the Port Melbourne Football Club. After achieving premiership success with the team in the previous year
Gary Ablett Sr.
Gary Robert Ablett is a former Australian rules footballer who represented Hawthorn and Geelong in the Australian Football League. Nicknamed God, Ablett is widely regarded as one of Australian footballs greatest players, after making several country league representative teams, Ablett was recruited by Hawthorn from Drouin and made his professional senior debut in the 1982 season. However, he failed to settle down in the city and retreated to Myrtleford the following year, Ablett helped Geelong to a Grand Final appearance in 1989, where he kicked a Grand Final-record nine goals in a losing team. Ablett shocked everyone by announcing his retirement from football at the beginning of the 1991 season. Ablett made three more Grand Final appearances in the 1992,1994, and 1995 seasons before retiring for good after the 1996 season. Ablett is Geelongs all-time leading goalkicker with 1021 goals and in 2006, was voted by past, born in Drouin to Alfred and Colleen Ablett, Gary Ablett grew up in the Latrobe Valley in Victorias Gippsland region alongside his four elder brothers and three sisters. Ablett displayed a love for sport at an age, winning the state school high jump at 10 years of age. He was also awarded both club and competition best and fairest awards for Drouin at the under-11s, under-12s and under-14s levels, after citing waning interest in school, Ablett dropped out of high school at the age of 15 years to become a bricklayers labourer. Outside of work, Gary Ablett began to concentrate on his football, after signing a reserves contract and featuring in six reserves games for Hawthorn, Ablett retreated back to his home in Drouin. He returned to Hawthorn in 1982 and made his senior VFL debut versus Geelong in Round 2, kicking 1 goal and he played a further five games for Hawthorn that year for a total of six games and nine goals. In 1983, he moved to the town of Myrtleford under the tutelage of his cousin Len Ablett. Abletts footballing ability soon came on again, this time to the Geelong Football Club. McMaster convinced Ablett to give the game another shot, this time in the confines of the city of Geelong. After protracted negotiations with Hawthorn, Geelong finally paid a $60,000 transfer for Ablett in 1984, Ablett signed a one-year contract for the 1984 season with Geelong, and he began his first season under the guidance of Tom Hafey. He debuted for the Cats in Round 7 and after just nine games on the wing, Ablett earned best-on-ground honours after kicking 8 goals from the half-forward flank. He played 15 games and kicked 33 goals in the 1984 season, following his first season with Geelong, Ablett signed a new three-year contract with the club. Playing mostly on the forward flank, Ablett won the clubs goalkicking award for the following two seasons with 82 and 65 goals respectively. With his contract expiring at the conclusion of the 1987 season, Ablett shocked the VFL by signing a new contract with his former club