Good Conduct Medal (United States)
The Good Conduct Medal is one of the oldest military awards of the United States Armed Forces. The criteria for a Good Conduct Medal are defined by Executive Orders 8809,9323, the medal is awarded to any active-duty enlisted member of the United States military who completes three consecutive years of honorable and faithful service. Such service implies that a standard enlistment was completed without any punishment, disciplinary infractions. During times of war, the Good Conduct Medal may be awarded for one year of faithful service, the Good Conduct Medal may be awarded posthumously, to any service member killed in the line of duty. Service for the Good Conduct Medal must be performed on active duty, the exception is the Navy Reserve which discontinued the award as of 1 January 2014. The Navy Good Conduct Medal is the oldest Good Conduct Medal, there have been a total of four versions of the Navy Good Conduct Medal, the first version of which was issued from 1870 to 1884. The original Navy Good Conduct Medal was not worn on a uniform, a sailor in the Navy received a new Good Conduct Medal for each honorable enlistment completed.
The second version of the Navy Good Conduct Medal was issued between 1880 and 1884, the medal was considered a transitional decoration and was the first of the Good Conduct Medals to be worn on a uniform. The medal was phased out by 1885 and a new medal issued between 1885 and 1961, the new medal was a Good Conduct medallion suspended from an all red ribbon. Enlistment bars, denoting each honorable enlistment completed, were pinned on the ribbon as attachments, there was slight oddity during the Spanish–American War when the Navy created the Specially Meritorious Service Medal which had an all red suspension and service ribbon. This is one of the times in the history of U. S. military awards that two awards had identical ribbons. Additional awards of the Navy Good Conduct Medal are denoted by bronze and silver 3/16 inch stars, the reverse side of the medal has three words, FIDELITY ZEAL OBEDIENCE superimposed in a semicircle. It is extremely rare in todays Navy, but provisions do allow for Petty Officer Third Class to wear gold rate insignia, the Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal was established on 20 July 1896.
The medal was originally a ribbon and medal suspended from a clasp bearing the words U. S. Marine Corps, the clasp was eliminated after 1935 and the medal has remained unchanged in appearance since that time. Prior to 10 December 1945, four years of honorable creditable enlisted service was required in the Marine Corps for award of the Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal, after 10 December 1945, the required period of service was reduced to three years. Since that latter date, members of the Marine Corps must have three years of honorable and faithful service in order to be eligible for the medal. In 1953, the Marine Corps adopted bronze and silver 3/16-inch service stars to denote additional awards of the Good Conduct Medal, replacing enlistment bars showing each honorable period of service. The Coast Guard Good Conduct Medal was designed in 1923 and originally used enlistment bars as attachments, in the manner as the Marine Corps
Order of Merit for Labour
It is a continuation of the earlier Ordine al Merito Agrario, Industriale e Commerciale founded in 1901. Members of the order may use the title Cavaliere del lavoro, the origins of the order lie with King Umberto I who, in 1898, instituted a decoration for agricultural and industrial merit and a medal of honour. The first was the prerogative of large landowners and industrialists. Awarded in the degree of Knight, the order is open to all Italians, living at home. Every year, on 1 June,25 new Knights of Labour are invested from a shortlist of 40 candidates, the related Star of Merit for Labour, established in 1923, confers the title of Maestro del Lavoro. The order is bestowed by decree of the President of the Italian Republic, its head since 1952, on the recommendation of the Minister of Economic Development. The badge bears the inscription Al merito del lavoro—1901, the V. E. monogram formerly at the centre of the Greek cross, now substituted for the national coat of arms. In 1977, the four-time President of the Council of Ministers, Cav.
Silvio Berlusconi, was appointed to the order by the sixth President of Republic and he renounced the title after he was found guilty of tax fraud. List of Italian orders of knighthood Order of Merit of the Italian Republic Presidenza della Repubblica - Le Onorificenze Ordini dinastici della Real Casa di Savoia
Cross of Merit (Poland)
The Cross of Merit is a Polish civil state award established on June 23,1923, to recognize services to the state. The Order has three grades, At the time of its establishment in 1923, the Cross of Merit was the highest civilian award in Poland and it was awarded to citizens who went beyond the call of duty in their work for the country and society as a whole. May be awarded twice in each grade to the same person, moses Schorr, Polish Historian, Bible Scholar and orientalist. Francis K. Czyzewski, b.1904 - d, Henri Strzelecki, co-founder of Henri Lloyd. Tomasz Miśkiewicz - for work with the immigrant and native Islamic Youth in 2006 Michal Kuleczka, & Chairman of Quo Vadis Leadership Conference. Lynch - CEO & Founder Lynka Michael Biegler - The German head coach of the Polish national handball team, thomas Gabriel Grasza Esq Postage Stamp & Coin Designer and Noted Canadian Polish Philatelist of Four Decades. Joanna Zawadzka - Community Activist living in Scotland, Director of Polish Cultural Festival Association