The Aeronautical Medal is a state decoration of France established by the decree of February 14,1945. It is awarded to military personnel and civilians for outstanding accomplishments related to the field of aeronautics. Originally envisioned before the Second World War, it was intended as an equal to the Order of Maritime Merit, the intent was to create an aerial order of merit intended for civilian and military personnel working in aeronautics. The war temporarily put an end to the project until February 1945, in case of the absence of any member of the council, an interim member is named by decree of the related authority. This same council has the authority to propose the revocation of the decoration for serious breaches of honour, the details of the workings of such a proposal would be made by ministerial decree. The Aeronautical Medal is limited to no more than 275 new recipients per year and it is awarded for professional valour to both civilians and military pilots and non pilots serving under the Ministry of Defence or the Department of Transportation. It is awarded to citizens who have distinguished themselves in the development of military or civil aviation, sports aviation, airports and it can be awarded for prowess in the air, an act of heroism in the air, or for particularly unusual work or research in aviation. Finally, the medal can be awarded for service during serious air related accidents. The medal can be awarded posthumously and to foreign nationals, the medal is rectangular and of gilt metal. The obverse bears the left profile of Marianne from the 1940s representing France, below Marianne. The medal is enamelled in red except for Marianne, the inscription, the medal is suspended to a 37 mm wide royal blue silk moiré ribbon by a wing shaped pendant with a relief five pointed star at its center and an horizontal slot to receive the ribbon. The reverse bears the inscription on four lines MÉDAILLE DE LAÉRONAUTIQUE1945, wang Tung-yi Oct.2012 Ribbons of the French military and civil awards France Phaléristique Entente Combattants
The Commendation Medal is a mid-level United States military decoration which is presented for sustained acts of heroism or meritorious service. The Commendation Medal was originally only a ribbon and was first awarded by the U. S. Navy. An Army Commendation Ribbon followed in 1945, and in 1949, the Navy, Coast Guard, by 1960, the Commendation Ribbons had been authorized as full medals and were subsequently referred to as Commendation Medals. Additional awards of the Army and Air Force Commendation Medals are denoted by bronze, the Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal and Coast Guard Commendation Medal are authorized gold and silver 5/16 inch stars to denote additional awards. The Operational Distinguishing Device is authorized for wear on the Coast Guard Commendation Medal upon approval of the awarding authority, order of Precedence is following the Bronze Star Medal but before the Prisoner of War Medal and all campaign medals. Each of the services also awards separate Achievement Medals which are below the Commendation Medals in precedence. This award is intended for service on a joint military staff and is senior in precedence to service-specific Commendation Medals. As such, it is worn above the service Commendation Medals on a military uniform. S, Army after December 6,1941, distinguished themselves by heroism, meritorious achievement or meritorious service. Approval of the award must be made by an officer in the grade of Colonel or higher, the medallion of the Army Commendation Medal is a bronze hexagon, 1 3⁄8 inches wide. On the medallion is an American bald eagle with wings spread horizontally, on its breast is a shield paly of thirteen pieces and a chief. The reverse bears a panel for naming between the words FOR MILITARY above and MERIT below, all placed above a laurel sprig, the ribbon is 1 3⁄8 inches wide primarily of myrtle green. It is edged in white and in the center are five thin white stripes spaced equally apart, devices Oak leaf cluster and V Device The U. S. Air Force began issuing its own Air Force Commendation Medal in 1958 with additional awards denoted by oak leaf clusters. Prior to this time, USAF recipients received the Army Commendation Medal and it was not until 1996 that the V device was authorized on the Air Force Commendation Medal, prior to 1996, there was not a valor distinction in effect for the Air Force Commendation Medal. For USAF enlisted personnel, the Air Force Commendation Medal is worth three points under the Air Force enlisted promotion system, approval of the award must be made by an officer in the grade of Colonel or higher. The Air Force Commendation Medal is a bronze hexagonal medallion, on the medallion is a shield surmounted by an eagle superimposed over clouds. On the shield bears a pair of wings and a vertical baton with an eagles claw at either end, behind the shield are eight lightning bolts. The design on the shield is derived from the Seal of the Department of the Air Force, the ribbon of the Air Force Commendation Medal is golden yellow with blue edges. In the center are three bands of blue, the stripes are thin with the center stripe being wider
Crosses of Aeronautical Merit
Crosses of Aeronautical Merit are a Spains military award for gallantry or merit in the air in war or peace. Awarded to members of the Spanish Armed Forces, Guardia Civil or civilians, established on 30 November 1945 by chief of state Francisco Franco as the Order of Aeronautical Merit and amended in 1976,1995,2003 and 2007. Awarded originally in three classes and a cross in silver for non-commissioned ranks, in 1995 it lost the rank of an order of merit, multiple awards of each class and each category to the same individual are possible. The decoration has the form of a Greek cross with the arms enameled red in the Red Decoration category, the Blue Decoration and Yellow Decoration badges have an additional narrow bar in blue or yellow across the lower arm. The upper arm is surmounted by a Spanish royal crown and has a tablet to engrave the date of bestowal. The round central shield of the bears the coat of arms of Castile, León, Aragon, Navarre and Granada. The central shield has gold wings extended to the arms of the cross and is surmounted by a royal crown. On the reverse there are letters MA on red background, the cross is worn on a ribbon on the left side of chest. Each subsequent award is denoted by a bar with the date of bestowal on the ribbon, the Grand Cross has the same form as the cross described above but is worn on a sash over the right shoulder. The star added to the class of Grand Cross is gilt, eight-pointed, with the cross superimposed on it, juan L. Calvó Pascual, Cruces y medallas 1807/1987, Monte Cotiño 1987. Real Decreto 1040/2003 of 1 August 2003 about military decorations, Real Decreto 970/2007 of 13 July 2007 amending the Real Decreto 1040/2003. Cruz del Mérito Aeronáutico by Antonio Prieto Barrio, Crosses of Military Merit Crosses of Naval Merit
Hockey Hall of Fame
The Hockey Hall of Fame is located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dedicated to the history of ice hockey, it is a museum and it holds exhibits about players, teams, National Hockey League records, memorabilia and NHL trophies, including the Stanley Cup. Founded in Kingston, Ontario, the Hockey Hall of Fame was established in 1943 under the leadership of James T. Sutherland, the first class of honoured members was inducted in 1945, before the Hall of Fame had a permanent location. It moved to Toronto in 1958 after the NHL withdrew its support for the International Hockey Hall of Fame in Kingston and its first permanent building opened at Exhibition Place in 1961. In 1993, the hall was relocated to a former Bank of Montreal building in Downtown Toronto, an 18-person committee of players, coaches and others meets annually in June to select new honourees, who are inducted as players, builders or on-ice officials. In 2010, a subcategory was established for female players, the builders category includes coaches, general managers, commentators, team owners and others who have helped build the game. As of 2016,271 players,105 builders and 16 on-ice officials have been inducted into the Hall of Fame, the Hall of Fame has been criticized for focusing mainly on players from the National Hockey League and largely ignoring players from other North American and international leagues. The Hockey Hall of Fame was established through the efforts of James T. Sutherland, Sutherland sought to establish it in Kingston, Ontario as he believed that the city was the birthplace of hockey. In 1943, the NHL and CAHA reached an agreement that a Hall of Fame would be established in Kingston, originally called the International Hockey Hall of Fame, its mandate was to honour great hockey players and to raise funds for a permanent location. The first nine honoured members were inducted on April 30,1945, although the Hall of Fame still did not have a permanent home. The first board of governors consisted of Red Dutton, Art Ross, Frank Sargent, Lester Patrick, Abbie E. H. Coo, Wes McKnight, Basil E. OMeara, J. P. Fitzgerald and W. A. Hewitt. Kingston lost its most influential advocate as permanent site of the Hockey Hall of Fame when Sutherland died in 1955, by 1958, the Hockey Hall of Fame had still not raised sufficient funds to construct a permanent building in Kingston. Clarence Campbell, then President of the NHL, grew tired of waiting for the construction to begin and withdrew the NHLs support to situate the hall in Kingston. The temporary Hockey Hall of Fame opened as an exhibit within the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in August 1958, due to the success of the exhibit, NHL and CNE decided that a permanent home in the Exhibition Place was needed. The NHL agreed to fund the building of the new facility on the grounds of Exhibition Place. The first permanent Hockey Hall of Fame, which shared a building with the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame, was opened on August 26,1961, over 750,000 people visited the Hall in its inaugural year. Admission to the Hockey Hall of Fame was free until 1980, by 1986, the Hall of Fame was running out of room in its existing facilities and the Board of Directors decided that a new home was needed. The Hall vacated the Exhibition Place building in 1992, and its half was taken over by the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame, the building was eventually demolished — a portion of the buildings facade was preserved as an entrance to BMO Field stadium
King Haakon VII Freedom Medal
King Haakon VIIs Medal of Liberty was established on 18 May 1945. The medal is awarded to Norwegian or foreign military or civilian personnel for significant service to Norway during World War II and this service need not have been in direct contact with the enemy. The medal is bronze, circular and suspended from the ribbon by a stylised bronze ribbon folded at both ends, the obverse bears the monogram of King Haakon VII over a letter V symbolising victory. This is surrounded by a circle of beads, outside of which is written ALT FOR NORGE 1940-1945 The reverse is plain apart from a wreath of oak leaves, the ribbon is plain dark blue. When ribbons only are worn, the bears the Kings monogram in bronze. King Haakon VIIs Freedom Cross Orders, decorations, and medals of Norway
King Haakon VII Freedom Cross
King Haakon VIIs Freedom Cross was established on 18 May 1945. The medal is awarded to Norwegian or foreign military or civilian personnel for outstanding achievement during war and it is ranked fifth in the order of precedence in the Norwegian honours system. The medal is in the shape of a Maltese cross, in the middle of the cross on the adverse side is a circular red field with the monogram of King Haakon VII of Norway over the letter V for victory in gilded silver. On the reverse side the following is engraved, Alt for Norge 7 juni 1945, the medal is hung from a blue ribbon with a narrow white stripe along both edges. Orders, decorations, and medals of Norway
King's Medal for Courage in the Cause of Freedom
Distribution of the medal began in 1947. The medal is silver and is 36 mm in diameter, obverse shows King George VI left facing portrait. The inscription is surrounded by a chain, the medal is suspended from a white ribbon, which has two narrow blue centre stripes and red edge stripes. Petrus Wijtse Winkel, Dutch colonial administrator who rescued shipwrecked Britons, Medal of Freedom Kings Medal For Courage In The Cause Of Freedom. 1945 WW II Medals, British Military & Criminal History in the period 1900 to 1999 Medals of the Second World War Margueritte di Giacomo, Warwick & Warwick
Medal "For the Capture of Berlin"
The medals statute was amended on July 18,1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X. Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the capture of Berlin. The Medal For the Capture of Berlin was worn on the side of the chest. If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the Medal For the Capture of Berlin was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim on the obverse. On its pebbled obverse at the top, a five pointed star. Below the star, the inscription in bold letters on three rows FOR THE CAPTURE OF BERLIN ending halfway down the medal. At the bottom, the image of a wreath of oak branches going up the left. On the reverse near the top, the date on three rows over a relief plain five pointed star 2 MAY1945. The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal For the Capture of Berlin, george Legal Library of the USSR
Medal "For the Capture of Budapest"
The medals statute was amended on July 18,1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X. Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the capture of Budapest. The Medal For the Capture of Budapest was worn on the side of the chest. If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the Medal For the Capture of Budapest was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim on the obverse. On its obverse at the top, a five pointed star. Below the star, the inscription in bold letters on two rows FOR THE CAPTURE OF BUDAPEST. On the reverse at the top, a plain five pointed star, below the star. The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal For the Capture of Budapest
Medal "For the Capture of Vienna"
The medals statute was amended on July 18,1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X. Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the capture of Vienna. The Medal For the Capture of Vienna was worn on the side of the chest. If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the Medal For the Capture of Vienna was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim on the obverse. On its pebbled obverse at the top, a five pointed star. Below the star, the inscription in bold letters on three rows FOR THE CAPTURE OF VIENNA. At the bottom, the image of a laurel branch going up the left circumference of the medal up to the second row of the inscription. On the reverse at the top, a plain five pointed star, below the star
Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade"
The Medal For the Liberation of Belgrade was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union. It was established on June 9,1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the Peoples Commissariat for Defence of the Soviet Union. Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the liberation of Belgrade. The Medal For the Liberation of Belgrade was worn on the side of the chest. If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the Medal For the Liberation of Belgrade was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim on the obverse. On the reverse at the top, a plain five pointed star over the relief date in three rows 20 OCTOBER1944. The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal For the Liberation of Belgrade