1. Charles Baugniet – Charles-Louis Baugniet was a Belgian painter, lithographer and aquarellist. His name remains attached to the lithographing of portraits of famous and lesser-known figures from Belgium, France and he was born in Brussels and attended the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels during 1827–29, where he studied under Joseph Paelinck and Florent Willems. His first attempts lithography date from 1827, and his reputation grew steadily with the appearance of his first portraits in the magazine LArtiste in 1833 and he collaborated with Louis Huard from 1835 until 1842 in producing a series of portraits of the Belgian House of Representatives. Louis Huard finished only 6 portraits, Baugniet doing the remainder and this was followed in 1836 by a series of 30 portraits of contemporary artists—Les Artistes Contemporains. Included were portraits of Louis Jéhotte, Louis Gallait, Nicaise De Keyser, Jean-Baptiste Madou, Eugène Simonis, Charles-Louis Verboeckhoven, Horace Vernet, Paul Delaroche and Hippolyte Bellangé. He was commissioned to do portraits of the Belgian Royal Family, in 1843 he moved to London where he became a leading society portrait painter, creating a portrait of Prince Albert in 1851. Later he often returned to London to do portraits of such as Charles Dickens. Baugniet also designed the first Belgian postage stamp brought into circulation on 1 July 1849, the stamp depicted Leopold I of Belgium after a painting by Liéven De Winne. Baugniet settled in Paris in 1860, almost overnight the invention and development of photography strangled the traditional market of lithographic portraits, forcing many of Baugniets colleagues to become professional photographers. Baugniet however concentrated on producing paintings and portraits which displayed the elegance of the Second French Empire. He died in Sèvres in 1886, thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, vol. Benezit E. Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs, Paris, Librairie Gründ,1976, rouir Eugène,150 ans de gravure en Belgique, Bruxelles, C. G. E. R. /Meddens,1980, p.8. Berko P. & V. Dictionnaire des peintres belges nés entre 1750 &1875, Bruxelles, Laconti,1981, p.34Charles Baugniet – Portrait of Paul Lauters (1842).
2. Henry de Groux – Henry de Groux was a Belgian Symbolist painter, sculptor and lithographer. His 1889 painting Christ aux Outrages, widely described as his masterwork, later in life, he produced many works depicting the horrors of the First World War. De Groux was the son of the engraver Charles de Groux and, like his father, Henry was elected a member of les XX in 1886, but was expelled in 1890 when he refused to have his works displayed in the same gallery as Vincent van Gogh. He subsequently moved to Paris, where he befriended Émile Zola, during the social unrest resulting from the Dreyfus affair, de Groux acted as one of Zolas bodyguards. As well, de Groux was a fervent diarist, beginning in 1892, he produced 18 volumes detailing the life of a European artist in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 2002, his descendants donated these volumes to the Institut national dhistoire de lart, Henry de Groux 1866-1930 - journal - Henry De Groux, Rodolphe Rapetti, Pierre Wat - Editions Kimé at www. dessinoriginal. com. Apollinaire writes of De Grouxs exhibition in Paris at the Salon dAutomne 1911, praising with. gives one the impression of an immense labor, media related to Henry de Groux at Wikimedia CommonsHenry de Groux – Ride of the Valkyries (ca. 1890) Royal Museums of Fine Arts, Brussels, Belgium
3. Marcellin Jobard – Jean-Baptiste-Ambroise-Marcellin Jobard was a Belgian lithographer, photographer and inventor of French origin. Jobard was born in Baissey, in the Haute-Marne area of France and his father, Claude Jobard, was a farmer, then a rentier and mayor of Baissey for thirty years. Also a poet, he lived in a house at the foot of a hill on the slopes of which he owned two gardens and a vineyard and he married Marguerite Prudent, daughter of the village prévôt. Towards the end of his life, Jobard developed an enthusiasm for spiritualism and he is buried in Brussels Cemetery. A surveyor in the Dutch land registry during the Empire and the Restoration, having heard of lithography, he resigned from the land registry and settled in Brussels where he was resident by 1819. In 1820 Jobard founded a lithographic establishment, employing Jean Baptiste Madou. Jobard was awarded the gold medal, following the 1830 revolution, Jobard automatically became a Belgian citizen. After his lithography business went bankrupt, he spent a year in Verviers where he immersed himself in industrial issues, in 1832 he became a propagandist for the philosophy of Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon in Belgium. He travelled to Britain in 1833 where he met Charles Babbage, in 1837 he became owner of two daily newspapers, Le Fanal de l’Industrie and Le Courrier belge, in which he published a column Bulletin Industriel. In 1841 Jobard proposed in his newspaper adding what he called extra emotional typographic characters which may be considered precursors to present-day emoticons and he also bought a Daguerreotype apparatus. Both of these plates are now lost, ingenious and imaginative, Jobard registered 73 patents in lighting, heating, food supply, transport, ballistics and other areas. In 1850 he set up an office, a brokerage for assisting inventors to file patents. He published numerous works and articles on industrial property, earning him a reputation as the greatest campaigner for intellectual property rights in the nineteenth century. Jobard developed an economic and social theory that he called “Monautopole”, historically a monopoly was a concession, granted exclusively, for trading a good belonging to all, an unjust privilege arising arbitrarily. Monautopole would be the right to dispose of oneself and the fruits of ones labours, “the just reward for work, talent. His writings earned him the praise of the future Napoleon III, Victor Hugo, JOBARD, Les nouvelles inventions aux Expositions universelles, Bruxelles - Leipzig, Flatau, 1857–58,2 vol. gd in-8°. JOSEPH, Steven F. & SCHWILDEN, Tristan, Sunrise over Brussels, JOBARD, visionnaire de nouveaux rapports entre lart et lindustrie, acteur privilégié des mutations de limage en Belgique au XIXe siècle. CLAES, Marie-Christine, Marcellin Jobard, un visionnaire dévoré d’ambition humanitaire, in Science connection,20,2008, CLAES, Marie-Christine, Marcellin Jobard, een visionnaire met humanitaire ambitie, in Science connection,20,2008, p. 20-23Marcellin Jobard – Marcellin Jobard
4. Jean-Baptiste Madou – Jean-Baptiste Madou, was a Belgian painter and lithographer. He studied at the Brussels Academy of Fine Arts and was a pupil of Pierre Joseph Célestin François, while draftsman to the topographical military division at Kortrijk, he received a commission for lithographic work from a Brussels publisher. It was about 1820 that he began his artistic career, among his numerous works mention may also be made of The Feast at the Chateau, The Unwelcome Guests, generally regarded as his masterpiece, The Rat Hunt, The Arquebusier, and The Stirrup Cup. Madou died in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode on 31 March 1877 and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. article name needed. 1831 - Les Environs de Bruxelles 1836 - La physionomie de la société en Europe depuis 1400 jusquà nos jours 1839 - Benoit, description des possessions Néerlandaises dans la Guyane. Lithographies par Madou et Lauters, Bruxelles, Société des Beaux-Arts, & V. Berko, Dictionary of Belgian painters born between 1750 &1875, Knokke 1981, p. 443-445. P. & V. Berko, 19th Century European Virtuoso Painters, Knokke 2011, p.508, F. Stappaerts, « Notice sur Jean-Baptiste Madou », Annuaire de l’Académie royale de Belgique,1879. A. Guislain, Caprice romantique, le « keepsake » de M. Madou, benezit, Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs, Paris, Librairie Gründ,1976. Laffiche en Wallonie à travers les collections du Musée de la Vie Wallonne, catalogue dexposition, media related to Category, Jean-Baptiste Madou at Wikimedia Commons Dictionnaire des peintres belges Notice de lUniversité de LiègeJean-Baptiste Madou – Brussels: Young Girl in a Cape