Category:Biographical museums in London
Pages in category "Biographical museums in London"
The following 31 pages are in this category, out of 31 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 31 pages are in this category, out of 31 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. St Mary's Hospital, London – St Marys Hospital is a hospital in Paddington, in the City of Westminster, London, founded in 1845. Until 1988 the hospital ran St Marys Hospital Medical School, part of the federal University of London, in 1988 it merged with Imperial College London, and then with Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School in 1997 to form Imperial College School of Medicine. In 2007 Imperial College became an independent institution when it withdrew from the University of London, St Marys Hospital first opened its doors to patients in 1851, the last of the great voluntary hospitals to be founded. The hospital site incorporates the private Lindo wing where several celebrity, the wing is named after Frank Charles Lindo, a businessman and board-member of the hospital, who donated £111,500 before his death in 1938. The laboratory where Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin has been restored to its condition of 1928 and incorporated into a museum about the discovery and his life. The museum is open to the public from Monday to Thursday from 10am to 1pm, the museum is a member of the London Museums of Health & Medicine. In celebration of the association, a British Rail Class 43 locomotive was named St Marys Hospital, the locomotive is still in service, but following changes of ownership, the name has now been removed. One of the large metal nameplates was acquired by the hospital, and is now displayed in the foyer of the Cambridge Wing
2. Apsley House – Apsley House, also known as Number One, London, is the London townhouse of the Dukes of Wellington. It stands alone at Hyde Park Corner, on the south-east corner of Hyde Park and it is a Grade I listed building. It is sometimes referred to as the Wellington Museum, the house is now run by English Heritage and is open to the public as a museum and art gallery, exhibiting 83 paintings from the Spanish royal collection. The 9th Duke of Wellington retains the use of part of the buildings and it is perhaps the only preserved example of an English aristocratic town house from its period. The practice has been to maintain the rooms as far as possible in the original style and it contains the 1st Dukes collection of paintings, porcelain, the silver centrepiece made for the Duke in Portugal, c. It was set up for a time in the Louvre and was bought by the Government for Wellington in 1816, Apsley House stands at the site of an old lodge that belonged to the crown. During the Interregnum newer buildings were erected between what is now Old Regent Street and Hyde Park Corner, in the 1600s after the Restoration they were leased by James Hamilton and renewed by Elizabeth his widow in 1692 on a 99-year lease. Immediately before Apsley House was built the site was occupied by a called the Hercules Pillars. The house was built in red brick by Robert Adam between 1771 and 1778 for Lord Apsley, the Lord Chancellor, who gave the house its name. Some Adam interiors survive, the semi-circular Staircase, the Drawing Room with its end. The house was given the nickname of Number One, London. It was originally part of a line of great houses on Piccadilly, demolished to widen Park Lane, its official address remains 149 Piccadilly. The second phase, started after Wellington had become Prime Minister in 1828, included a new staircase, the red-brick exterior was clad in Bath stone, and a pedimented portico added. Wyatts original estimate for the work was £23,000, the Waterloo Gallery is, of course, named after the Dukes famous victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. A special banquet is still served annually to celebrate the date –18 June 1815, the Dukes equestrian statue can be seen across the busy road, cloaked and watchful, the plinth guarded at each corner by an infantryman. This statue was cast from guns captured at the battle, the family apartments are now on the north side of the house, concentrated on the second floor. The notable collection of 200 paintings includes 83 paintings which were acquired by the first Duke after the Battle of Vitoria, in 1813, in nowadays Vitoria-Gasteiz. The paintings were in Joseph Bonapartes baggage train and were part of what was called the biggest loot in history, Lord Maryborough, brother of the duke, catalogued 165 of the finest paintings to have arrived to the duke of Wellingtons residence from Vitoria-Gasteiz
3. Baden-Powell House – Baden-Powell House, colloquially known as B-P House, is a Scouting hostel and conference centre in South Kensington, London, which was built as a tribute to Lord Baden-Powell, the founder of Scouting. The house, owned by The Scout Association, hosts an exhibition relating to Scouting in its current form. The building committee, chaired by Sir Harold Gillett, Lord Mayor of London, purchased the site in 1956, the foundation stone was laid in 1959 by World Chief Guide Olave, Lady Baden-Powell, and it was opened in 1961 by Queen Elizabeth II. The largest part of the £400,000 cost was provided by the Scout Movement itself. Over the years, the house has been refurbished several times, so that it now provides modern and affordable lodging for Scouts, Guides, their families, the building also hosts conference and event space for hire. The committees directive was to build a hostel to provide Scouts a place to stay at reasonable cost while visiting London, for this purpose, in 1956 the committee purchased a bombed-out property at the intersection of Cromwell Road and Queens Gate at a cost of £39,000. The Scout Movement raised the major part of the funding of £400,000 for building and furnishing the building between 1957 and 1959, Scouts throughout the Country collected ship halfpennies, and this raised the bulk of the money for the building. Scouts representing every county were present at the opening, a casket was buried under the foundation stone which held 1959 Scout mementoes, stamps, coins, photographs, etc. and a programme of the ceremony. With 142 Queens Scouts as Guard of Honour, and live broadcast by the BBC, afterwards, she toured the house with the Chief Scout and the president of The Scout Association, her uncle Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester. A black marble panel with gold lettering was put on the balcony in the hall to commemorate the event, the house was designed by the architect Ralph Tubbs in 1956, whose works included the Dome of Discovery, the highlight of the 1951 Festival of Britain. Tubbs floor plans and a model of his design were displayed during a fundraising campaign, the six storied Baden-Powell House is designed in the modern architectural style, as pioneered by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier from the late 1920s onwards, and predominating in the 1950s. While Tubbs created Baden-Powell House in the architectural style of Le Corbusier. For example, he made the visible building component brick rather than concrete. This heavier evolution of Le Corbusiers style was popular in England throughout the years until replaced by the Brutalist style in the later 1960s. Baden-Powell House was built to Tubbs design by Harry Neal Ltd, at the opening, the house received the building design award for The building of most merit in London. Upon completion of the programme, the house was opened by the president of The Scout Association, Prince Edward, in 2002 a Starbucks coffee and sandwich bar was opened, as well as an outdoor roof garden adjacent to the meeting conference rooms on the second floor. This included many drawings and letters by Baden-Powell himself, such as the original of his Last Message to Scouts, Laws for me when I am old and several first editions of his books. The former exhibition also displayed the painting by David Jagger
4. Bramah Tea and Coffee Museum – The Bramah Tea and Coffee Museum was a museum in southeast London. It was the worlds first museum devoted to the history of tea. It covered 400 years of commercial and social history of two important commodities in the world, since their arrival in Europe from Africa and the Far East, the museum was opened by Edward Bramah in 1992,40 years after he had first had the idea. It was formerly at Butlers Wharf and it then moved to 40 Southwark Street in SE1, very close to London Bridge station and Borough Market. At this location the museum and tearoom would open daily serving coffee, Edward Bramah died aged 76 at Christchurch, Dorset on 15 January 2008. Despite his illness, Bramah had been working on a book which was to be called Britains Tea Heritage, the museum closed, according to its website for redevelopment and/or possible relocation until 2009. However, it was closed as of April 2011, occupied by a builders merchant high street shop. Its new location and terms of business are still being agreed with Southwark Council Coffee portal Museum website
5. Carlyle's House – She was a prominent woman of letters, for nearly half a century. The building dates from 1708 and is at No.24 Cheyne Row, the house is a typical Georgian terraced house, a modestly comfortable home where the Carlyles lived with one servant and Janes dog, Nero. The house was opened to the public in 1895, just fourteen years after Carlyles death and it is preserved very much as it was when the Carlyles lived there despite another resident moving in after them with her scores of cats and dogs. It is an example of a middle class Victorian home due to the efforts of devotees tracking down much of the original furniture owned by the Carlyles. It has a walled garden which is preserved much as it was when Thomas. Theatre producer Stanford Holme became curator of the house and moved there with his wife and she took up writing, beginning with a book about the lives of Thomas and Jane Carlyle at the house, The Carlyles at Home. Carlyles House information at the National Trust
6. Churchill War Rooms – The Churchill War Rooms is a museum in London and one of the five branches of the Imperial War Museum. Construction of the Cabinet War Rooms, located beneath the Treasury building in the Whitehall area of Westminster and they became operational in August 1939, shortly before the outbreak of war in Europe. They remained in operation throughout the Second World War, before being abandoned in August 1945 after the surrender of Japan, after the war the historic value of the Cabinet War Rooms was recognised. In the early 1980s the Imperial War Museum was asked to take over the administration of the site, the museum was reopened in 2005 following a major redevelopment as the Churchill Museum and Cabinet War Rooms, but in 2010 this was shortened to the Churchill War Rooms. The building now accommodates HM Treasury, work to convert the basement of the New Public Offices began, under the supervision of Ismay and Sir Leslie Hollis, in June 1938. The work included installing communications and broadcasting equipment, sound-proofing, ventilation, as ultimate authority lay with the civilian government the Cabinet, or a smaller War Cabinet, would require close access to senior military figures. This implied accommodation close to the armed forces Central War Room, in May 1939 it was decided that the Cabinet would be housed within the Central War Room. During its operational life two of the Cabinet War Rooms were of particular importance, once operational, the facilitys Map Room was in constant use and manned around the clock by officers of the Royal Navy, British army and Royal Air Force. These officers were responsible for producing a daily intelligence summary for the King, Prime Minister, the other key room was the Cabinet Room. Until the opening of the Battle of France, which began on 10 May 1940, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlains war cabinet met at the War Rooms only once, in October 1939. Following Winston Churchills appointment as Prime Minister, Churchill visited the Cabinet Room in May 1940 and declared, in total 115 Cabinet meetings were held at the Cabinet War Rooms, the last on 28 March 1945, when the German V-weapon bombing campaign came to an end. Up to 5 feet thick, the Slab was progressively extended, two other notable rooms include the Transatlantic Telephone Room and Churchills office-bedroom. From 1943, a SIGSALY code-scrambling encrypted telephone was installed in the basement of Selfridges and this enabled Churchill to speak securely with American President Roosevelt in Washington, with the first conference taking place on 15 July 1943. Later extensions were installed to both 10 Downing Street and the specially constructed Transatlantic Telephone Room within the Cabinet War Rooms, Churchills office-bedroom included BBC broadcasting equipment, Churchill made four wartime broadcasts from the Cabinet War Rooms. His daughter Mary Soames often slept in the allocated to Mrs Churchill. After the end of the war, the Cabinet War Rooms became redundant and were abandoned and their maintenance became the responsibility of the Ministry of Works. Even so, a tour was organised for journalists on 17 March, with members of the press being welcomed by Lord Ismay and shown around the Rooms by their custodian, Mr. George Rance. While the Rooms were not open to the public, they could be accessed by appointment
7. Cuming Museum – The Cuming Museum in Walworth Road, within the London Borough of Southwark, London, England, houses the collection of the Cuming family and is also a museum of Southwarks history. The collection was bequeathed to the people of Southwark by Henry Syer Cuming in 1902, as described in Cumings will it comprised, My Museum illustrative of Natural History, Archaeology and Ethnology with my coins and medals and… other curios. The building adjoins a local library, on this site, Charles Babbage, the Victorian mechanical computer pioneer, was born in 1791, although the original house has been demolished. A blue plaque records his birth, on 25 March 2013 a fire seriously damaged the museum and library but the collections only suffered a very small loss. Around 98% of objects on display at the time of the fire were recovered and are now safely stored awaiting the new galleries, the museum remains closed while restoration works commence, which the council says will take several years. The new architects for the scheme are looking at a date of late 2019/2020
8. Charles Dickens Museum – The Charles Dickens Museum is an authors house museum at 48 Doughty Street in Holborn, London Borough of Camden. It occupies a typical Georgian terraced house which was Charles Dickenss home from 25 March 1837 to December 1839, a new addition to the household was Dickenss younger brother Frederick. Also, Catherines 17-year-old sister Mary moved with them from Furnivals Inn to offer support to her married sister. It was not unusual for a womans unwed sister to live with, Dickens became very attached to Mary, and she died in his arms after a brief illness in 1837. She inspired characters in many of his books, and her death is fictionalized as the death of Little Nell, Dickens had a three-year lease on the property. He would remain here until 1839 after which he moved on to grander homes as his wealth increased, however, this is his only surviving London house. The two years that Dickens lived in the house were extremely productive, for here he completed The Pickwick Papers, wrote the whole of Oliver Twist and Nicholas Nickleby and worked on Barnaby Rudge. The building at 48 Doughty Street was threatened with demolition in 1923, but was saved by the Dickens Fellowship, founded in 1902, the house was renovated and the Dickens House Museum was opened in 1925, under the direction of an independent trust, now a registered charity. Perhaps the best-known exhibit is the portrait of Dickens known as Dickenss Dream by R. W. Buss and this unfinished portrait shows Dickens in his study at Gads Hill Place surrounded by many of the characters he had created. Dickens family Dickens World Tavistock House Official website Charles Dickens Museum on The National Virtual Museum List of art works at the museum The Museum on the Dickens Fellowship website