Category:Biographical museums in London
Pages in category "Biographical museums in London"
The following 31 pages are in this category, out of 31 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 31 pages are in this category, out of 31 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
Garricks Temple to Shakespeare is a small garden folly erected in 1756 on the north bank of the River Thames at Hampton in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Grade I listed, it was built by the actor David Garrick to honour the playwright William Shakespeare, during his lifetime Garrick used it to house his extensive collection of Shakespearean relics and for entertaining his family and guests. It passed through a succession of owners until coming into public ownership in the 20th century and it is reputedly the worlds only shrine to Shakespeare. The temple is a domed building with a nod to the Pantheon, Rome. It was built in the Classical style popularised by the Italian architect Palladio with an Ionic portico, several steps lead up to the portico. Inside, glazed arched windows reaching to the face the river. A deep curved recess in the west wall provides room for a statue, outside, a lawn and garden provide views over the Thames to the south. Garrick built the temple on land adjoining a villa that he had bought in October 1754 to serve as a country retreat, the villas riverside garden, a plot now known as Garricks Lawn, was separated from the main property by the road from Kingston upon Thames to Staines.
Garrick commissioned the building of an elaborate grotto-tunnel under the road, illuminated by 500 lanterns, at some point in 1755 he decided to build a summer-house by the riverside which he intended to dedicate to his muse Shakespeare as a temple to the playwright. The temples architect is unknown as his decision to build it is not recorded in his own papers, robert Adam and Lancelot Capability Brown have both been suggested as possibilities. An Ionic Temple of similar stands in the gardens of Chiswick House a few miles away. This may well have been the inspiration for Garricks Temple, as Garrick had spent his honeymoon at Chiswick House a few years earlier in the company of his wifes guardians the Burlingtons. On 4 August 1755, his neighbour and friend Horace Walpole wrote to a correspondent, I have contracted a sort of intimacy with Garrick and he affects to study my taste, I lay it all upon you – he admires you. He is building a temple to Shakespeare, I offered him this motto, Quod spiro et placeo.
An S-shaped path ran between flowering shrubs in accordance with the preference for serpentine shapes. Walpole donated a grove of Italian cypresses to plant in the garden and it was widely admired in its time and its idyllic prospect so moved Samuel Johnson that he told Garrick, Ah, David, it is the leaving of such places that makes a deathbed so terrible. The temples interior was furnished as a shrine to Shakespeare and it was dominated by a statue of the playwright commissioned by Garrick from the French Huguenot sculptor Louis-François Roubiliac at a cost of 300 guineas. Roubiliac chose to model the statue on the Chandos portrait of Shakespeare while Garrick himself is said to have posed for the sculpture, the statues head was not to Garricks satisfaction, and Roubiliac had to replace it with another, carved from a different type of marble
The Churchill War Rooms is a museum in London and one of the five branches of the Imperial War Museum. Construction of the Cabinet War Rooms, located beneath the Treasury building in the Whitehall area of Westminster and they became operational in August 1939, shortly before the outbreak of war in Europe. They remained in operation throughout the Second World War, before being abandoned in August 1945 after the surrender of Japan, after the war the historic value of the Cabinet War Rooms was recognised. In the early 1980s the Imperial War Museum was asked to take over the administration of the site, the museum was reopened in 2005 following a major redevelopment as the Churchill Museum and Cabinet War Rooms, but in 2010 this was shortened to the Churchill War Rooms. The building now accommodates HM Treasury, work to convert the basement of the New Public Offices began, under the supervision of Ismay and Sir Leslie Hollis, in June 1938. The work included installing communications and broadcasting equipment, sound-proofing, ventilation, as ultimate authority lay with the civilian government the Cabinet, or a smaller War Cabinet, would require close access to senior military figures.
This implied accommodation close to the armed forces Central War Room, in May 1939 it was decided that the Cabinet would be housed within the Central War Room. During its operational life two of the Cabinet War Rooms were of particular importance, once operational, the facilitys Map Room was in constant use and manned around the clock by officers of the Royal Navy, British army and Royal Air Force. These officers were responsible for producing a daily intelligence summary for the King, Prime Minister, the other key room was the Cabinet Room. Until the opening of the Battle of France, which began on 10 May 1940, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlains war cabinet met at the War Rooms only once, in October 1939. Following Winston Churchills appointment as Prime Minister, Churchill visited the Cabinet Room in May 1940 and declared, in total 115 Cabinet meetings were held at the Cabinet War Rooms, the last on 28 March 1945, when the German V-weapon bombing campaign came to an end. Up to 5 feet thick, the Slab was progressively extended, two other notable rooms include the Transatlantic Telephone Room and Churchills office-bedroom.
From 1943, a SIGSALY code-scrambling encrypted telephone was installed in the basement of Selfridges and this enabled Churchill to speak securely with American President Roosevelt in Washington, with the first conference taking place on 15 July 1943. Later extensions were installed to both 10 Downing Street and the specially constructed Transatlantic Telephone Room within the Cabinet War Rooms, Churchills office-bedroom included BBC broadcasting equipment, Churchill made four wartime broadcasts from the Cabinet War Rooms. His daughter Mary Soames often slept in the allocated to Mrs Churchill. After the end of the war, the Cabinet War Rooms became redundant and were abandoned and their maintenance became the responsibility of the Ministry of Works. Even so, a tour was organised for journalists on 17 March, with members of the press being welcomed by Lord Ismay and shown around the Rooms by their custodian, Mr. George Rance. While the Rooms were not open to the public, they could be accessed by appointment
Sir John Soanes Museum was formerly the home of the neo-classical architect John Soane. It holds many drawings and models of Soanes projects and the collections of paintings, the museum is located in Holborn, adjacent to Lincolns Inn Fields. It is a public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media. Soane demolished and rebuilt three houses in succession on the side of Lincolns Inn Fields. 12, externally a plain brick house, after becoming Professor of Architecture at the Royal Academy in 1806, Soane purchased No. 13, the next door, today the Museum. In 1808–09 he constructed his office and museum on the site of the former stable block at the back. In 1812 he rebuilt the front part of the site, adding a projecting Portland Stone facade to the basement and first floor levels, originally this formed three open loggias, but Soane glazed the arches during his lifetime. Once he had moved into No,13, Soane rented out his former home at No.12. After completing No.13, Soane set about treating the building as an architectural laboratory, in 1823, when he was over 70, he purchased a third house, No.
14, which he rebuilt in 1823–24 and this project allowed him to construct a picture gallery, linked to No.13, on the former stable block of No.14. The front main part of this house was treated as a separate dwelling and let as an investment. When he died No.14 was bequeathed to his family, the Museum was established during Soanes own lifetime by a Private Act of Parliament in 1833, which took effect on Soanes death in 1837. The Act required that No.13 be maintained as nearly as possible as it was left at the time of Soanes death, and he wrote an anonymous, defamatory piece for the Sunday papers about Sir John, calling him a cheat, a charlatan and a copyist. The Museums Trustees remained completely independent, relying only on Soanes original endowment, since that date the Museum has received an annual Grant-in-Aid from the British Government. The Soane Museum is now a centre for the study of architecture. In 1997 the Trustees purchased the house at No.14 with the help of the Heritage Lottery Fund.
The acquisition of No.14 enabled the Museum, under its new Director, Tim Knox, to embark on Opening up the Soane and it is funded by the Monument Trust, the Heritage Lottery Fund, the Soane Foundation in New York, and other private trusts
She was a prominent woman of letters, for nearly half a century. The building dates from 1708 and is at No.24 Cheyne Row, the house is a typical Georgian terraced house, a modestly comfortable home where the Carlyles lived with one servant and Janes dog, Nero. The house was opened to the public in 1895, just fourteen years after Carlyles death and it is preserved very much as it was when the Carlyles lived there despite another resident moving in after them with her scores of cats and dogs. It is an example of a middle class Victorian home due to the efforts of devotees tracking down much of the original furniture owned by the Carlyles. It has a walled garden which is preserved much as it was when Thomas. Theatre producer Stanford Holme became curator of the house and moved there with his wife and she took up writing, beginning with a book about the lives of Thomas and Jane Carlyle at the house, The Carlyles at Home. Carlyles House information at the National Trust
St Marys Hospital is a hospital in Paddington, in the City of Westminster, founded in 1845. Until 1988 the hospital ran St Marys Hospital Medical School, part of the federal University of London, in 1988 it merged with Imperial College London, and with Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School in 1997 to form Imperial College School of Medicine. In 2007 Imperial College became an independent institution when it withdrew from the University of London, St Marys Hospital first opened its doors to patients in 1851, the last of the great voluntary hospitals to be founded. The hospital site incorporates the private Lindo wing where several celebrity, the wing is named after Frank Charles Lindo, a businessman and board-member of the hospital, who donated £111,500 before his death in 1938. The laboratory where Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin has been restored to its condition of 1928 and incorporated into a museum about the discovery and his life. The museum is open to the public from Monday to Thursday from 10am to 1pm, the museum is a member of the London Museums of Health & Medicine.
In celebration of the association, a British Rail Class 43 locomotive was named St Marys Hospital, the locomotive is still in service, but following changes of ownership, the name has now been removed. One of the large metal nameplates was acquired by the hospital, and is now displayed in the foyer of the Cambridge Wing
The Saatchi Gallery is a London gallery for contemporary art, opened by Charles Saatchi in 1985 in order to exhibit his collection to the public. It has occupied different premises, first in North London, the South Bank by the River Thames, a 2008 exhibition of contemporary Chinese art formed the inaugural exhibition in the new venue for the gallery at the Duke of Yorks HQ. The gallery has been an influence on art in Britain since its opening and it has had a history of media controversy, which it has actively courted, and has earned extremes of critical reaction. Many artists shown at the gallery are not only to the general public but to the commercial art world. In 2010, it was announced that the gallery would be given to the British public, the Saatchi Gallery opened in 1985 in Boundary Road, St Johns Wood, London in a disused paint factory of 30,000 square feet. The first exhibition was held March—October 1985 featured many works by American minimalist Donald Judd, American abstract painters Brice Marden and Cy Twombly and this was the first U. K.
exhibition for Twombly and Marden. During September 1986 – July 1987, the gallery exhibited German artist Anselm Kiefer, the exhibited Serra sculptures were so large that the caretakers flat adjoining the gallery was demolished to make room for them. This exhibition introduced these artists to the U. K. for the first time, the blend of minimalism and pop art influenced many young artists who would form the Young British Artists group. April – October 1988 featured exhibited works by American figurative painter Leon Golub, German painter and photographer Sigmar Polke, during November 1988 – April 1989 a group show featured contemporary American artists, most prominently Eric Fischl. From April – October, the gallery hosted exhibitions of American minimalist Robert Mangold, from November 1989 – February 1990, a series of exhibitions featured School of London artists including Lucian Freud, Frank Auerbach, Leon Kossoff and Howard Hodgkin. During January – July 1991, the gallery exhibited the work of American pop artist Richard Artschwager, American photographer Cindy Sherman, wilson’s piece 20,50, a room entirely filled with oil, became a permanent installation at the Saatchi Gallery’s Boundary Road venue.
September 1991 – February 1992 featured a show, including American photographer Andres Serrano. In an abrupt move, Saatchi sold much of his collection of US art, the core of the artists had been brought together by Damien Hirst in 1988 in a seminal show called Freeze. Saatchi augmented this with his own choice of purchases from art colleges and it has become the iconic work of 1990s British art, and the symbol of Britart worldwide. More recently Saatchi said, It’s not that Freeze, the 1988 exhibition that Damien Hirst organised with this fellow Goldsmiths College students, was particularly good. Much of the art was fairly so-so and Hirst himself hadnt made anything much just a cluster of small cardboard boxes placed high on a wall. What really stood out was the hopeful swagger of it all, Saatchis promotion of these artists dominated local art throughout the nineties and brought them to worldwide notice. Among the artists in the series of shows were Jenny Saville, Sarah Lucas, Gavin Turk and Dinos Chapman, Sensation opened in September at the Royal Academy to much controversy and showed 110 works by 42 artists from the Saatchi collection
La Gordine, was an Estonian sculptor. Dora Gordines childhood has not been well documented, there is confusion over her date of birth with various dates 1895,1898 and 1906 mentioned. She was the youngest of four born to Morduch Gordin and Esther in Liepāja, Latvia. Two of her siblings and Anna, died at the hands of the Nazis in Tallinn, another brother, Leopold and lived in London until his death. She came to Paris to study music and art, making the acquaintance of Aristide Maillol, surrounded by galleries and salons, she instinctively felt a correlation between the rhythms of music and sculpture and developed her sculptural vision. Gordin gallicised her surname by adding an e, in 1925 she worked as a painter on a mural for the British Pavilion at the Decorative Arts Exhibition. It provided the means to cast a bronze for exhibition at the Beaux Arts Society, between 1929 and 1935 she sculpted bronzes for the City Hall, Singapore. Leicester Galleries in London presented Gordines sculpture in a show in 1928.
It was a success and all her work was sold. In 1935, together with her husband Richard Hare, Gordine turned to architecture, the building exhibits a modernist combination of vernacular and eastern features. In 1936 she married the Hon. Richard Gilbert Hare, son of Richard Granville Hare, 4th Earl of Listowel and they lived at Dorich House, London. Brown, Head of the Slade School of Art, each portrait head had its own patina according to Gordines vision of her sitter. When interviewed by the BBC in 1972 Gordine commented that when you do portrait busts of somebody you do their noses and mouth – and you have to imagine what they are like inside and bring out their inner feeling and put it in a form. During the 1940s/50s Gordines work was exhibited regularly at the Royal Academy, bronzes from this time have ironic or humorous titles, relating to the pose, such as Great Expectations or Mischief and, of an RAF Officer, Above Cloud. She was elected a Fellow of the Royal British Society of Sculptors in 1949 and she occasionally did exotic or erotic pieces.
She travelled and lectured in America, working in Hollywood, art lecturing and designing film sets in 1947, in 1948 she was commissioned to produce a sculpture to stand in the new mother and baby unit at Holloway Prison in north London. Happy Baby was largely forgotten by 2009 languishing in a block at the prison for many years. Now regarded as an important piece in La Gordines professional history it formed the centre piece of an exhibition of her work at Kingston University in February–March 2009
The Leighton House Museum is a museum in the Holland Park district of Kensington and Chelsea in London. The former home of the painter Frederic, Lord Leighton, it has open to the public since 1929. Built for Leighton by the architect and designer George Aitchison, it is a Grade II* listed building and it is noted for its elaborate Orientalist and aesthetic interiors. It is open to the public daily except Tuesdays, and is a museum to 18 Stafford Terrace. The first part of the house was designed in 1864 by the architect George Aitchison, building commenced shortly afterwards, and the house, which cost £4500 equivalent to £399,030 in 2015, was ready for occupation by the end of the year. The building is of red Suffolk bricks with Caen Stone dressings in a classical style. The architect extended the building over 30 years, the first phase was only three windows wide, the main room was the first floor studio, facing north, originally 45 by 25 feet, with a large central window to provide plenty of light for painting.
There was a gallery at the east end, and a staircase for use by models. The house was extended to the east in 1869–70, additionally, a major extension was made in 1877–79, the two-storey Arab Hall, built to house Leightons collection of tiles collected during visits to the Middle East. According to Aitchison and Walter Crane, the design was based on the palace of La Zisa in Palermo, the 17th-century tiles are complemented by carved wooden lattice-work windows of the same period from Damascus. There are large 16th-century Turkish tiles, the west wall has a wooden alcove with inset 14th-century tiles. The room contains Victorian elements, the capitals of the smaller columns are by Sir Joseph Boehm, from Aitchisons designs. The capitals of the columns and carved in the shape of birds, are by Randolph Caldecot. The mosaic frieze was designed by Walter Crane, the marble work was by George P. White. Elaborate decorative paintwork adorns the ceiling and in the centre of the floor there is a fountain.
The tiles in the passage to the Arab Hall are by William de Morgan, in 1889 an additional winter studio was added to the building. The final addition by Aitchison was the picture gallery in 1895. After Leighton died in 1896, the contents of the house were sold, including at least one thousand of his own drawings, in 1927 Mrs Henry Perrin offered to pay for additional gallery space
Down House is the former home of the English naturalist Charles Darwin and his family. It was in house and garden that Darwin worked on his theories of evolution by natural selection which he had conceived in London before moving to Down. The house stands in Luxted Road 0.25 miles south of Downe, a village 14.25 miles south east of Londons Charing Cross, which was still known as Down when he moved there in 1842. In Darwins day, Downe was a parish in Kent, it came under Bromley Rural District. The house and grounds are in the guardianship of English Heritage, have restored and are open to the public. In 1651 Thomas Manning sold a parcel of land including most of the current property to John Know the elder, from a Kentish yeoman family, for £345. In 1653 John Know gave the house to his son Roger, probably as a wedding present, in 1751 Leonard Bartholomew sold the uninhabited house on to Charles Hayes of Hatton Garden. The property was acquired by the businessman and landowner George Butler in 1778, around this time it was apparently called the Great House.
After Butler died in 1783 the property changed hands several times, John Johnson, C. B. colonel of engineers in the Hon. In 1837 Johnson migrated to Lake Erie near Dunville in Upper Canada, and passed what was now called Down House on to the incumbent parson of the parish, the house was re-roofed and brought into good order under the supervision of Edward Cresy, an architect who lived nearby. Around 1840 Drummond left the property vacant and put it up for auction and Emma sought somewhere about 20 miles from London with railway access, such as Windsor and came close to buying one near Chobham, Surrey. On Friday 22 July 1842, Charles and Emma visited Down House, though there were plenty of trains on the 10 miles line from London to the nearest station, from there it was a long and hilly 8.5 miles drive to Downe. The small quiet village was away from roads, and though local scenery was beautiful on a good day. The charm of the place to me is that almost every field is intersected by one or more foot-paths— I never saw so many walks in any other country.
Darwin believed that the price was about £2,200 and he could lease it for one year to try it out. On the Saturday the weather changed, and she was so delighted with the scenery for the first few miles from Down, the house had obvious faults, but they were both weary of house-hunting, and it was cheap. With advice from the architect and surveyor Edward Cresy, Darwin opened negotiations, Cresy suggested a bid of £2,100, but Darwin remembered an unsuccessful earlier attempt at purchase, and made an offer of about £2,200 which was accepted. At the end of August they were almost ready to move, Darwin made extensive alterations to the house and grounds
Red House is a significant Arts and Crafts building located in the town of Bexleyheath in Southeast London, England. Co-designed in 1859 by the architect Philip Webb and the designer William Morris, it was created to serve as a home for the latter. It is recognised as one of the most important examples of nineteenth-century British architecture still extant, following an education at the University of Oxford, Morris decided to construct a rural house for him and his new wife, Jane Morris, within a commuting distance of central London. Morris was deeply influenced by Medievalism and Medieval-inspired Neo-Gothic styles are reflected throughout the buildings design and it was constructed using Morris ethos on craftsmanship and artisan skills, thus reflecting an early example of what came to be known as the Arts and Crafts movement. While at Red House, Morris was involved in the formation of his company, Marshall, Faulkner & Co. It was here that his two daughters and May, were born, Red House remained a private residence for various individuals from 1866 to 2002, during which various alterations were made to the interior design.
From 1952 to 1999 the architect Edward Hollamby lived at the House, initiating attempts at preservation, the House was purchased for The National Trust in 2003, who have since undertaken a project of conservation and maintain it as a visitors attraction with accompanying tea room and gift shop. William Morris was born in Walthamstow, Essex, on 24 March 1834, although his father died in 1847, the Morris family remained affluent as a result of shares in the Devon Great Consols copper mines. In 1853 Morris began university studies at Oxford Universitys Exeter College, there, he developed a keen interest in Medieval history and Medieval architecture, inspired by Oxfords many Medieval buildings. This interest was tied to Britains growing Medievalist movement, a form of Romanticism that rejected many of the values of Victorian industrial capitalism. For Morris, the Middle Ages represented an era with strong chivalric values and he was heavily influenced by the writings of art critic John Ruskin, being particularly inspired by his chapter On the Nature of Gothic Architecture in the second volume of The Stones of Venice.
At Oxford, Morris became the best friend of fellow undergraduate Edward Burne-Jones, they had an attitude to life. Having passed his finals and been awarded a BA in 1856, there he was placed under the supervision of Philip Webb, who became a close friend. He soon relocated to Streets London office, in August 1856 moving into a flat in Bloomsbury, Morris was fascinated by London but dismayed at its pollution and rapid expansion into neighbouring countryside, describing it as the spreading sore. Through Rossetti, Morris came to associate with poet Robert Browning, and the artists Arthur Hughes, Thomas Woolner, at Rossettis recommendation and Burne-Jones moved in together to a flat at No.17 Red Lion Square in Bloomsbury by November 1856. Morris designed and commissioned furniture for the flat in a Medieval style, in October 1857 Morris met Jane Burden, a woman from a poor working-class background, at a theatre performance and asked her to model for him. Smitten with her, they entered into a relationship and were engaged in spring 1858 and they were married in a low-key ceremony held at St Michael at the North Gate church in Oxford on 26 April 1859, before honeymooning in Bruges, Belgium.
Newly married, Morris decided to construct a house for him and he commissioned Webb, who was setting out as an independent architect independent of Street, to help him design it
Apsley House, known as Number One, London, is the London townhouse of the Dukes of Wellington. It stands alone at Hyde Park Corner, on the south-east corner of Hyde Park and it is a Grade I listed building. It is sometimes referred to as the Wellington Museum, the house is now run by English Heritage and is open to the public as a museum and art gallery, exhibiting 83 paintings from the Spanish royal collection. The 9th Duke of Wellington retains the use of part of the buildings and it is perhaps the only preserved example of an English aristocratic town house from its period. The practice has been to maintain the rooms as far as possible in the original style and it contains the 1st Dukes collection of paintings, the silver centrepiece made for the Duke in Portugal, c. It was set up for a time in the Louvre and was bought by the Government for Wellington in 1816, Apsley House stands at the site of an old lodge that belonged to the crown. During the Interregnum newer buildings were erected between what is now Old Regent Street and Hyde Park Corner, in the 1600s after the Restoration they were leased by James Hamilton and renewed by Elizabeth his widow in 1692 on a 99-year lease.
Immediately before Apsley House was built the site was occupied by a called the Hercules Pillars. The house was built in red brick by Robert Adam between 1771 and 1778 for Lord Apsley, the Lord Chancellor, who gave the house its name. Some Adam interiors survive, the semi-circular Staircase, the Drawing Room with its end. The house was given the nickname of Number One, London. It was originally part of a line of great houses on Piccadilly, demolished to widen Park Lane, its official address remains 149 Piccadilly. The second phase, started after Wellington had become Prime Minister in 1828, included a new staircase, the red-brick exterior was clad in Bath stone, and a pedimented portico added. Wyatts original estimate for the work was £23,000, the Waterloo Gallery is, of course, named after the Dukes famous victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. A special banquet is still served annually to celebrate the date –18 June 1815, the Dukes equestrian statue can be seen across the busy road and watchful, the plinth guarded at each corner by an infantryman.
This statue was cast from guns captured at the battle, the family apartments are now on the north side of the house, concentrated on the second floor. The notable collection of 200 paintings includes 83 paintings which were acquired by the first Duke after the Battle of Vitoria, in 1813, in nowadays Vitoria-Gasteiz. The paintings were in Joseph Bonapartes baggage train and were part of what was called the biggest loot in history, Lord Maryborough, brother of the duke, catalogued 165 of the finest paintings to have arrived to the duke of Wellingtons residence from Vitoria-Gasteiz
Wesleys Chapel is a Methodist church in London that was built under the direction of John Wesley, the founder of the Methodist movement. It is now a place of worship and visitor attraction, incorporating the Museum of Methodism in its crypt, the chapel opened in 1778 to replace John Wesleys earlier London chapel, the Foundery, where he first preached on 11 November 1739. In 1776 Wesley applied to the City of London for a site to build his new chapel and was granted an area of land on City Road, after raising funds the foundation stone for the chapel was laid on 21 April 1777. The architect was George Dance the Younger, surveyor to the City of London, along with the associated Leysian Mission, Wesleys Chapel is a circuit of the London District of the Methodist Church. The chapel has an average Sunday service attendance of about 440, the building has Grade I listed status and is a fine example of Georgian architecture although it has been altered and improved since it was built. In 1864 the gallery was modernised, its front lowered and raked seating installed, the original pillars supporting it were ships masts donated by King George III but in 1891 they were replaced by French jasper pillars donated from Methodist churches overseas.
Stained glass is a addition, an organ was installed in 1882 and the present organ in 1891. It was electrified in 1905 and in 1938 its pipes were moved to their present position at the rear of the gallery, the communion rail was a gift from former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who was married in the chapel in 1951. The chapel is set within a courtyard off City Road, with the chapel at the furthest end. The house is an example of a middle-class eighteenth-century home. It is Grade I listed, and was Wesleys residence for the last eleven years of his life and he is commemorated by a blue plaque on the City Road frontage. Wesley died on 2 March 1791 and his tomb is in the garden at the rear of the chapel alongside the graves of six of his preachers, and those of his sister Martha Hall and his doctor and biographer, Dr John Whitehead. A statue of Wesley with the inscription the world is my parish stands at the entrance to the courtyard, the site houses one of the few surviving examples of a gentlemans convenience built by the sanitary engineer Thomas Crapper in 1891, and restored in 1972.
John Wesleys House was built in 1779 at the time as the chapel. This building is an example of an early Georgian Townhouse and is a Grade I listed building. Built by Wesley and designed by George Dance the younger, Wesley lived in the house for the last twelve years of his life and died lying in bed in his bedroom. The house was used to house travelling preachers and their families as well as small group of servants. The house continued to be used for travelling preachers after Wesleys death until it was turned into a museum in the 1900s