Oliver Ames Jr.
Oliver Ames, Jr. was president of Union Pacific Railroad when the railroad met the Central Pacific Railroad in Utah for the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America. Born in Plymouth, Massachusetts, he was a son of Oliver Ames, Sr. and Susannah Ames, young Oliver attended public schools for a few years, Franklin Academy in North Andover. He briefly entered the law field, but left to help in the shovel business. By 1844, Oliver and his brother Oakes Ames entered into partnership with their father, Oliver Ames, Jr. served as president of Union Pacific Railroad while the railroad was busy building the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America. He was its president pro tem from 1866 until 1868, and was elected president of the company on March 12,1868. He continued as president until March 8,1871 and his tenure was marked by controversy since his 1866 ascent to the presidency was over Thomas C. Durant who had tried to gain the position for himself. Durant filed lawsuits against Ames that stopped construction, and Ames retaliated by garnering support to remove Durant from the executive committee.
A divided board of directors was beyond Ames management capabilities, and he acquiesced to readmitting Durant in 1867. In 1873, Ames succeeded his brother as the head of Crédit Mobilier, Oliver Ames, Jr. served in the Massachusetts State Senate in 1852 and 1857. He was a Whig and a Republican, starting around 1826, Oliver became involved in the temperance movement, he was said to be the first man in Easton to sign a temperance pledge. Ames married Sarah Lothrop on June 11,1833, Sarah was daughter of Howard Lothrop of Easton, Massachusetts. They had two children, Frederick Lothrop Ames and Helen Angier, like the rest of his family, Oliver, Jr. was a devoted Unitarian, and attended Unitarian churches in Easton and North Easton. In 1875, Ames hired his nephew, John Ames Mitchell, to design the Unity Church of North Easton, at a cost of $100,000, Ames died at North Easton on March 9,1877. He left $50,000 in his will for the construction of a library, the will stipulated that it was to be a private institution, not owned by the town, but operated in trust for the public.
The request was carried out by his children, Frederick Lothrop Ames and they hired Henry Hobson Richardson to design the Ames Free Library. The final cost of the came to at least $80,000. Medallions in the library honor Ames with his likeness, the pyramidal monument was designed by famous architect Henry Hobson Richardson with sculpted plaques of the Ames brothers by Augustus Saint-Gaudens. At the time of its construction, the monument was located at the highest point attained by the Union Pacifics transcontinental route, with a change in the route of the railroad, the monument today is not on any major transportation route
Dr. Aloysius Alois Alzheimer was a German psychiatrist and neuropathologist and a colleague of Emil Kraepelin. Alzheimer is credited with identifying the first published case of presenile dementia, Aloysius Alzheimer was born in Marktbreit, Bavaria on 14 June 1864. His father served in the office of public in the familys hometown. The Alzheimers moved when Alois was still young in order to give their children an opportunity to attend the Royal Humanistic Gymnasium, Alois would study medicine in Aschaffenburg, Tübingen, and Würzburg Universities. In April 1884, he married Cecille Simonette Nathalie Geisenheimer, with whom he had three children, in 1887, Alois Alzheimer graduated from Würzburg with a degree in medicine. The following year, he spent five months assisting mentally ill women before he took an office in the city mental asylum in Frankfurt am Main, Emil Sioli, a noted psychiatrist, was the dean of the asylum. Another neurologist, Franz Nissl, began to work in the asylum with Alzheimer.
Together, they conducted research on the pathology of the nervous system, Alzheimer was the co-founder and co-publisher of the journal Zeitschrift für die gesamte Neurologie und Psychiatrie, though he never wrote a book that he could call his own. While at the Frankfurt asylum, Alzheimer met Emil Kraepelin, Kraepelin became a mentor to Alzheimer, and the two worked very closely for the next several years. When Kraepelin moved to Munich to work at the Royal Psychiatric Hospital in 1903, at the time, Kraepelin was doing clinical research on psychosis in senile patients, Alzheimer, on the other hand, was more interested in the lab work of senile illnesses. The two men would face many challenges involving the politics of the psychiatric community, for example, both formal and informal arrangements would be made among psychiatrists at asylums and universities to receive cadavers. In 1908 he was a professor at the Ludwig Maximilian University, in 1901, Dr. Alzheimer observed a patient at the Frankfurt Asylum named Auguste Deter.
The 51-year-old patient had strange behavioral symptoms, including a loss of short-term memory, Auguste Deter was a victim of the politics of the time in the psychiatric community, the Frankfurt asylum was too expensive for her husband. Mr. Deter made several requests to have his wife moved to an expensive facility. Ms. Deter remained at the Frankfurt asylum, where Alzheimer had made a deal to receive her records, on 8 April 1906, Ms. Deter died, and Dr. Alzheimer had her medical records and brain brought to Munich where he was working in Kraepelins laboratory. With two Italian physicians, he used the techniques of Bielschowsky to identify amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. These brain anomalies would become identifiers of what became known as Alzheimers Disease. Alzheimer discussed his findings on the pathology and symptoms of presenile dementia publicly on 3 November 1906
Buzz Aldrin is an American engineer and former astronaut. As the Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 11, he was one of the first two humans to land on the Moon, and the person to walk on it. He set foot on the Moon at 03,15,16 on July 21,1969 and he is a former U. S. Air Force officer with the Command Pilot rating. Aldrin was born January 20,1930, in Mountainside Hospital, in Glen Ridge and his parents were Edwin Eugene Aldrin Sr. a career military man, and Marion Aldrin, who lived in neighboring Montclair. He is of Scottish and German ancestry, Aldrin was a Boy Scout and earned the rank of Tenderfoot Scout. The nickname Buzz originated in childhood, the younger of his two elder sisters mispronounced brother as buzzer, and this was shortened to Buzz, Aldrin made it his legal first name in 1988. Aldrin graduated third in his class at West Point in 1951 with a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering and he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force and served as a jet fighter pilot during the Korean War.
He flew 66 combat missions in F-86 Sabres and shot down two Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 aircraft, the June 8,1953, issue of Life magazine featured gun camera photos taken by Aldrin of one of the Soviet pilots ejecting from his damaged aircraft. That same year, he graduated from the Squadron Officer School at Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama and he flew F-100 Super Sabres as a flight commander at Bitburg Air Base, West Germany, in the 22d Fighter Squadron. In January 1963, Aldrin earned a Sc. D. degree in astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, if only I could join them in their exciting endeavors. On completion of his doctorate, he was assigned to the Gemini Target Office of the Air Force Space Systems Division in Los Angeles before his selection as an astronaut, Aldrin was selected as a member of the third group of NASA astronauts in October 1963. Because test pilot experience was no longer a requirement, this was the first selection for which he was eligible, after the deaths of the original Gemini 9 prime crew, Elliot See and Charles Bassett and Jim Lovell were promoted to backup crew for the mission.
He was confirmed as pilot on Gemini 12, the last Gemini mission and he set a record for EVA, demonstrating that astronauts could work outside spacecraft. Aldrin was chosen for the crew of Apollo 11 and made the first lunar landing with commander Neil Armstrong on July 20,1969. The next day, Aldrin became the person to walk on the Moon. Aldrins first words on the Moon were Beautiful view, then, in response to Armstrong asking, Isnt it magnificent. He was the first person to urinate while on the Moon, there has been speculation about the extent of Aldrins desire at the time to be the first astronaut to walk on the Moon and its impact on his pre-flight, in-mission and post-flight actions. Also, Armstrong was the Mission Commander, and other astronauts who would command Apollo missions were not sympathetic to Aldrins views
Adamss personality appealed to a large audience and helped her become the most successful and highest-paid performer of her day, with a yearly income of more than one million dollars during her peak. Adams began performing as a child while accompanying her actress mother on tour, at age 16, she made her Broadway debut, and under Charles Frohmans management, she became a popular player alongside leading man John Drew, Jr. in the early 1890s. Beginning in 1897, Adams starred in plays by J. M. Barrie, including The Little Minister, Quality Street, What Every Woman Knows and these productions made Adams the most popular actress in New York. She performed in other plays. Her last Broadway play, in 1916, was Barries A Kiss for Cinderella, after a 13-year retirement, she appeared in more Shakespeare plays and taught acting in Missouri. She retired to upstate New York, Adams was born in Salt Lake City, the daughter of Asaneth Ann Annie and James Henry Kiskadden. Adams mother was an actress, and her father had working for a bank.
Little else is known of Adamss father, who died when she was young, James was not a Mormon, and Adams once wrote of her father as having been a gentile. On her mothers side, Adamss great grandfather Platt Banker converted to Mormonism and moved his family to Missouri, the family migrated to Utah, settling in Salt Lake City, where Maudes mother was born. Adams was a descendant of Mayflower passenger John Howland, the extent of Adamss connection to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is unclear. Adams appeared on stage at two months old in the play The Lost Baby at Brigham Young Theatre and she appeared again at the age of nine months in her mothers arms. Over her fathers objections, Adams began acting as a small child and they toured throughout the western U. S. with a theatrical troupe that played in rural areas, mining towns and some cities. At the age of five, Adams starred in a San Francisco theater as Little Schneider in Fritz, Our German Cousin and she debuted in New York at age ten in Esmeralda and returned to California.
Adams wrote an essay, The One I Knew Least. She briefly returned to Salt Lake City, where she lived with her grandmother, Adams returned to New York City at age 16 to appear in The Paymaster. She became a member of E. H. Sotherns theatre company in Boston, appearing in The Highest Bidder, Charles H. Hoyt cast her in The Midnight Bell where audiences, if not the critics, took notice of her. She soon left behind juvenile parts and began to play leading roles for Frohman, in 1890, Frohman asked David Belasco and Henry C. de Mille to specially write the part of Dora Prescott for Adams in their new play Men and Women, which Frohman was producing. The next year, she appeared as Nell in The Lost Paradise, in 1892, John Drew, Jr. ended his eighteen-year association with Augustin Daly and joined Frohmans company
Jaimie Alexander is an American actress known for portraying Jessi on the TV series Kyle XY and Sif in the 2011 superhero film Thor, its 2013 sequel, The Dark World, and Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D. Since 2015 she stars in the NBC series Blindspot, Alexander was born in Greenville, South Carolina, and moved to Grapevine, Texas when she was four years old. She is the girl in a family of five children. Alexander first got into acting in school, where she took theater for fun. Alexander stated that she was kicked out of theater when she was in high school because she could not sing. When she was 17, she substituted for a friend at a meeting with an agency and she met her manager, Randy James. After her graduation from Colleyville Heritage High School, a year and her career was launched in 2003, when she was cast in the leading role of Hanna Thompson in the low budget award-winning film The Other Side. Alexander’s second role was in the movie Squirrel Trap where she played Sara, the love interest of the character, David.
She has a part in an episode of Standoff. From there she proceeded to significant roles. She appeared in the series Watch Over Me where she portrayed the character of Caitlin Porter. In 2007, she had her second role, in a horror film. In Hallowed Ground she played Elizabeth Chambers, a girl stranded in a town inhabited by a sect that plans to use her as a vessel for the rebirth of their founder. In both movies, her character is a character who fights back against her aggressors. Her most famous role so far was that of Jessi on the ABC Family television show Kyle XY. She portrays a troubled, show off girl with powers who is trying to find her way in the world, with increasing cooperation. Her role generated a fan base hoping to see a spin-off show for her character. In September 2009, it was reported that Alexander would portray Sif in the superhero film, directed by Kenneth Branagh
Agassiz grew up in Switzerland, and studied and received Doctor of Philosophy and medical degrees at Erlangen and Munich, respectively. After further studies with Cuvier and Humboldt in Paris, Agassiz proceeded with leading to his appointment as professor of natural history at University of Neuchâtel. He made vast institutional and scientific contributions to zoology, nevertheless, his reputation has suffered somewhat in hindsight by the evidence of his resistance to Darwinian evolution, and his writings on human polygenism. Louis Agassiz was born in Môtier in the canton of Fribourg, educated first at home, spending four years of secondary school in Bienne, he completed his elementary studies in Lausanne. In 1829 he received the degree of doctor of philosophy at Erlangen, moving to Paris he came under the tutelage of Alexander von Humboldt Humboldt and Georges Cuvier launched him on his careers of geology and zoology respectively. Previously he had not paid attention to the study of ichthyology.
Spix, who died in 1826, did not live enough to work out the history of these fish. He at once threw himself into the work with an enthusiasm which characterized him to the end of his busy life, the task of describing the Brazilian fish was completed and published in 1829. This was followed by research into the history of the found in Lake Neuchâtel. Enlarging his plans, in 1830 he issued a prospectus of a History of the Freshwater Fish of Central Europe and it was only in 1839, that the first part of this publication appeared, and it was completed in 1842. In 1832 he was appointed professor of history in the University of Neuchâtel. The fossil fish there soon attracted his attention, the fossil-rich stones furnished by the slates of Glarus and the limestones of Monte Bolca were known at the time, but very little had been accomplished in the way of scientific study of them. Agassiz, as early as 1829, planned the publication of the work which, more than any other, five volumes of his Recherches sur les poissons fossiles appeared at intervals from 1833 to 1843.
They were magnificently illustrated, chiefly by Joseph Dinkel, in gathering materials for this work Agassiz visited the principal museums in Europe, and meeting Cuvier in Paris, he received much encouragement and assistance from him. They had known him for seven years at the time, Agassiz found that his palaeontological labors made necessary a new basis of ichthyological classification. The fossils rarely exhibited any traces of the tissues of fish. They consisted chiefly of the teeth and fins, with the bones being perfectly preserved in comparatively few instances. He therefore adopted a classification which divided fish into four groups, Placoids and Ctenoids, based on the nature of the scales, while Agassiz did much to improve fish taxonomy, his classification has been superseded by work
Vasile Alecsandri was a Moldavian poet, playwright and diplomat. He collected Romanian folk songs and was one of the animators of the 19th century movement for Romanian cultural identity. Alecsandri was born in the Moldavian town of Bacău, to a family of landowners and his parents were Vasile Alecsandri and Elena Cozoni, and his mother was the daughter of a Greek Romanian merchant. His parents had seven children, of three survived, one daughter and two sons, Iancu — a future army colonel – and Vasile. The family prospered in the business of salt and cereals trade. In 1828, they purchased an estate in Mircești, a village near Siret River. The young Vasile spent time studying with a devout monk from Maramureş, Gherman Vida, and playing with Vasile Porojan. Both characters would appear in his work. Between 1828 and 1834, he studied at the Victor Cuenim pensionnat and he moved to Paris in 1834, where he dabbled in chemistry and law, but soon abandoned all in favor of what he called his lifelong passion, literature.
He penned his first literary essays in 1838 in French, which he had mastered to perfection during his stay in Paris, after a brief return home, he left for Western Europe again, visiting Italy and southern France. A year later, Alecsandri attended a party celebrating the day of Costache Negri. He there fell in love with Negris sister, the 21-year-old and not long divorced Elena Negri responded enthusiastically to the 24-year-old youngsters love declarations. Alecsandri began writing love poems until an illness forced Elena to head abroad to Venice. He met her there, where they shared two torrid months and they cruised to Austria, and to Alecsandris former romping grounds, France. Elenas chest illness aggravated in Paris, and after a stint in Italy. Tragedy struck on the ship, when Elena died in her lovers arms, Alecsandri channeled his mourning into a poem, Steluţa. Later, he dedicated his Lăcrimioare collection of poems to her, in 1848, he became one of the leaders of the revolutionary movement based in Iaşi.
He wrote a widely read poem urging the public to join the cause, Către Români, together with Mihail Kogălniceanu and Costache Negri, he wrote a manifesto of the revolutionary movement in Moldavia, Dorinţele partidei naţionale din Moldova
Samantha Ruth Prabhu is an Indian actress and model. She has established a career in the Telugu and Tamil film industries, Samantha was born and raised in Chennai to parents of Telugu and Malayali ancestry, and as an undergraduate pursuing a degree in commerce, she worked part-time on modelling assignments. She donates her earnings from endorsements, product launches and inauguration events to support the foundation, despite her mixed regional background, Samantha has cited that she sees herself as a Tamilian, as she was brought up speaking Tamil and English at home. As a part of her education, Samantha schooled at Holy Angels Anglo Indian Higher Secondary School and completed a degree in commerce at Stella Maris College, Chennai. Towards the end of her degree, she got involved in modelling, notably working with Naidu Hall. Samantha began her film career with Gautham Menons Telugu film. The actress successfully auditioned and was signed up for the project in mid August 2009 and worked on the film in India and the United States, while the film was released on 26 February 2010.
In the film, Samantha played the lead character Jessie, a Malayali Saint Thomas Christian girl living in Hyderabad, with whom the male protagonist, played by Naga Chaitanya, falls in love. Upon release of the film, Samantha received very positive reviews for her portrayal, Critics at Sify praised Samantha as a scene-stealer and her beauty as alluring, she was the girl to watch out for. Samantha appeared in a role in the Tamil version of the film. Both the Telugu and the Tamil versions of the proved to be grand successes. Samanthas next release was the drama, Baana Kaathadi, opposite Adharvaa. The film was actually the third Tamil project signed by the actress, Samantha portrayed a student of the National Institute of Fashion Technology, the first such role in Tamil cinema. Her next release was Ravi Varmans Moscowin Kavery, originally the first film she began work on, the shooting for the film began in August 2007, with Samantha, briefly credited with the screen name Yasodha, joining the team in the year.
In an interview held in 2008, Ravi Varman mentioned that he had decided that Samantha would be the actress for his film within three minutes after viewing one of her commercial assignments. He went on to describe her as an actress with intelligence and potential, whilst drawing comparisons with the noted actress, due to Ravi Varmans prior commitments as cinematographer in other projects, the film languished in development hell, eventually releasing in August 2010. The film earned poor reviews from critics, though Samanthas performance was credited as one of the highlights that the film offered. In August 2008, while completing her last three projects, Samantha signed up to play the lead role of a modern girl in the Narain starrer, Pookada Ravi