El Yunque National Forest
El Yunque National Forest, formerly known as the Caribbean National Forest, is a forest located in northeastern Puerto Rico. It is the tropical rain forest in the United States National Forest System. The second-tallest mountain within El Yunque is named El Yunque, El Yunque National Rainforest is located on the slopes of the Sierra de Luquillo mountains, encompassing 28,000 acres of land, making it the largest block of public land in Puerto Rico. El Toro, the highest mountain peak in the forest rises 1,065 metres above sea level, ample rainfall creates a jungle-like setting — lush foliage, crags and rivers are a prevalent sight. The forest has a number of trails from which the jungle-like territorys flora, El Yunque is renowned for its unique Taíno petroglyphs. The forest region was set aside in 1876 by the King Alfonso XII of Spain. It was established as the Luquillo Forest Reserve on 17 January 1903 by the General Land Office with 65,950 acres and it was renamed Caribbean National Forest on 4 June 1935.
It is home to over 200 species of trees and plants,23 of which are nowhere else. Because Puerto Rico is south of the Tropic of Cancer, it has a tropical climate, there is no distinct wet or dry season in El Yunque, it rains year round. The temperature and length of daylight remain fairly constant throughout the year, the average temperature year-round is 80 degrees Fahrenheit and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. All of these provide a year-round growing season. Its ecosystem is specifically surveyed by the Management Team of Ecosystems and this process is called orographic lift and accounts for the intense rainfall and constant cloud presence in this mountainous region. El Yunque is composed of four different forest vegetation areas, Tabonuco Forest, Palo Colorado Forest, Sierra Palm Forest, the following image shows the green wilderness of El Yunque from one of its peaks, Pico El Yunque. The Dwarf forest ecosystem is located at around 900 metres and composes the smallest sub-region in El Yunque, the forest is characterized by the variation of vegetation that is only found in Puerto Rico.
The vegetation shows stunted growth in which the diameter of the trunk is widened, other specific factors that affect the growth of this sub-region are the high level of acidity and poor water runoff from the soil. The other abundant type of plants in the dwarf forest are epiphytes, El Yunque supports a vast array of animal and plant life that varies depending on the altitude range in the rainforest. The great amount of competition in the canopy does not allow lower level plants to develop, the characteristic of having a widened tree trunk is ideal for epiphytes that require a host to live. Approximately 15 species of coqui, members of the diverse neotropical frog genus Eleutherodactylus, are known on Puerto Rico
Denali National Park and Preserve
Denali National Park and Preserve is a national park and preserve located in Interior Alaska, centered on Denali, the highest mountain in North America. The park and contiguous preserve encompasses more than 6 million acres, the national preserve is 1,334,200 acres. On December 2,1980, a 2,146,580 acre Denali Wilderness was established within the park, denalis landscape is a mix of forest at the lowest elevations, including deciduous taiga. The preserve is home to tundra at middle elevations, and glaciers, rock. The longest glacier is the Kahiltna Glacier, the park received 587,412 recreational visitors in 2016. Wintertime activities includes dog-sledding, cross-country skiing, and snowmachining, human habitation in the Denali Region extends to more than 11,000 years before the present, with documented sites just outside park boundaries dated to more than 8,000 years before present. The oldest site within park boundaries is the Teklanika River site, more than 84 archaeological sites have been documented within the park.
The sites are characterized as hunting camps rather than settlements. The principal groups in the area in the last 500 years include the Koyukon. In 1906, conservationist Charles Alexander Sheldon conceived the idea of preserving the Denali region as a national park and he presented the plan to his co-members of the Boone and Crockett Club. They decided that the climate at the time was unfavorable for congressional action. Sheldon wrote, The first step was to secure the approval, the matter was taken to the Game Committee of the Boone and Crockett Club and, after a full discussion, it received the committees full endorsement. On December 3,1915, the plan was presented to Alaskas delegate, James Wickersham, the plan went to the Executive Committee of the Boone and Crockett Club and, on December 15,1915, it was unanimously accepted. The plan was endorsed by the Club and presented to Stephen Mather, Assistant Secretary of the Interior in Washington. The bill was introduced in April,1916, by Delegate Wickersham in the House, much lobbying took place over the following year, and on February 19,1917, the bill passed.
On February 26,1917,11 years from its conception, a portion of Denali, excluding the summit, was included the original park boundary. On Thanksgiving Day in 1921, the Mount McKinley Park Hotel opened, in July 1923, President Warren Harding stopped at the hotel, on a tour of the length of the Alaska Railroad, during which he drove a golden spike signaling its completion at Nenana. The hotel was the first thing visitors saw stepping down from the train, the flat-roofed, two-story log building featured exposed balconies, glass windows, and electric lights
Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park is a national park located in the U. S. states of Wyoming and Idaho. It was established by the U. S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1,1872. Yellowstone was the first National Park in the U. S. and is widely held to be the first national park in the world. The park is known for its wildlife and its many features, especially Old Faithful Geyser. It has many types of ecosystems, but the subalpine forest is the most abundant and it is part of the South Central Rockies forests ecoregion. Native Americans have lived in the Yellowstone region for at least 11,000 years, aside from visits by mountain men during the early-to-mid-19th century, organized exploration did not begin until the late 1860s. Management and control of the park fell under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior. However, the U. S. Army was subsequently commissioned to oversee management of Yellowstone for a 30-year period between 1886 and 1916, in 1917, administration of the park was transferred to the National Park Service, which had been created the previous year.
Hundreds of structures have been built and are protected for their architectural and historical significance, Yellowstone National Park spans an area of 3,468.4 square miles, comprising lakes, canyons and mountain ranges. Yellowstone Lake is one of the largest high-elevation lakes in North America and is centered over the Yellowstone Caldera, the caldera is considered an active volcano. It has erupted with tremendous force several times in the last two million years, half of the worlds geothermal features are in Yellowstone, fueled by this ongoing volcanism. Lava flows and rocks from volcanic eruptions cover most of the area of Yellowstone. The park is the centerpiece of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the largest remaining nearly-intact ecosystem in the Earths northern temperate zone, hundreds of species of mammals, birds and reptiles have been documented, including several that are either endangered or threatened. The vast forests and grasslands include species of plants. Yellowstone Park is the largest and most famous location in the Continental United States.
Grizzly bears and free-ranging herds of bison and elk live in the park, the Yellowstone Park bison herd is the oldest and largest public bison herd in the United States. Forest fires occur in the each year, in the large forest fires of 1988. Yellowstone has numerous opportunities, including hiking, boating and sightseeing
Cascade Head is a headland and 270-acre UNESCO biosphere reserve and United States Forest Service Experimental Forest. It is situated 85 miles southwest of Portland, Oregon on the Oregon Coast between Lincoln City and Neskowin, Cascade Head Preserve is a Nature Conservancy Selected Site. In the early 1960s, volunteers organized an effort to protect Cascade Head from development, by 1966 they had raised funds and purchased the property, and turned it over to The Nature Conservancy. Conservancy researchers are testing methods of maintaining and restoring habitat for the Oregon silverspot butterfly. Conservancy ecologists monitor the populations of plants throughout the year. In spring and summer, teams of volunteers remove invasive species, help maintain trails, assist with research projects, the 11, 890-acre Cascade Head Experimental Forest was established in 1934 for scientific study of typical coastal Sitka spruce-western hemlock forests found along the Oregon Coast. The forest stands at Cascade Head have been used for studies, experimentation.
Before the establishment of the experimental forest in 1934 and for sometime after, an intense forest inventory was done to determine distribution, age classes, a climate station established in 1936 is still operating and is an official United States Weather Bureau site. Between the 1940s and the 1960s, commercial sized harvests were done to evaluate the silvicultural, current research is being done on forest ecosystem productivity, wind disturbance, nutrient cycling, and global carbon cycling. Research on the Salmon River estuary has been ongoing since the first dike breaching in 1979, reestablishment of the salt marsh ecosystems continues to be studied and more recently use of these restored ecosystems by anadromous fish is being studied. Cascade Head is home to native plant species, including red fescue, wild rye, Pacific reedgrass, coastal paintbrush, blue violet. The hairy checkermallow is a flower found here. Ninety-nine percent of the population of the Cascade Head catchfly is found here.
The Oregon silverspot butterfly, federally listed as a species, is known from only five other locations in the world. The butterfly depends on a plant species, the early blue violet. Nature Conservancy Sitka Center for Art and Ecology Westwind Stewardship Group Salmon Drift Creek Watershed Council Oregon Natural Heritage Program
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve is in the Alaska panhandle west of Juneau. President Calvin Coolidge proclaimed the area around Glacier Bay a national monument under the Antiquities Act on February 25,1925, in total the park and preserve cover 5,130 square miles. Most of Glacier Bay is designated wilderness area which covers 4,164 square miles, Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve occupies the northernmost section of the southeastern Alaska coastline, between the Gulf of Alaska and Canada. The parks northwestern boundary, which abuts Tongass National Forest, the preserve lands comprise a small area at Dry Bay — the majority of Glacier Bay lands are national park lands. The park boundary excludes Gustavus at the mouth of Glacier Bay, the lands adjoining the park to the north in Canada are included in Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Park. No roads lead to the park and it is most easily reached by air travel, during some summers there are ferries to the small community of Gustavus or directly to the marina at Bartlett Cove.
Despite the lack of roads, the received an average of about 470,000 recreational visitors annually from 2007 to 2016. Most of the visitors arrive via cruise ships, the number of ships that may arrive each day is limited by regulation. Trips generally take six days and pass through Kluane National Park and Reserve in the Yukon, Glacier Bay National Park preserves nearly 600,000 acres of federally protected marine ecosystems in Alaska against which other less-protected marine ecosystems can be compared. Within the park and preserve there are two Tlingit ancestral homelands that are of cultural and spiritual significance to living communities today, the Alsek River serves as a route of discovery and migration from the coastal mountain range in the park to the Pacific Ocean in the preserve. There are fifteen tidewater glaciers in the park, Glaciers descending from high snow-capped mountains into the bay create spectacular displays of ice and iceberg formation. In the last century the most dramatic was probably the Muir Glacier, the calving face was nearly 2 miles wide and about 265 feet high.
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve includes nine tidewater glaciers, four of these glaciers actively calve icebergs into the bay. In the 1990s the Muir Glacier receded to the point that it was no longer a tidewater glacier, most visitors today travel to the Margerie and Lamplugh Glaciers. The advance and recession of the glaciers has been extensively documented since La Perouse visited the bay in 1786. In general the glaciers of the Fairweather Range are advancing and the Chilkat Range glaciers are receding, the region is being lifted by tectonic activity, with frequent earthquakes. Earthquake-induced landslides have been significant forces for change, inducing tsunamis that are believed to have reached 1,600 feet in height, regions of the park closest to the Gulf of Alaska have a relatively mild climate with significant rainfall and comparatively low snowfall. Lower Glacier Bay is a zone, and upper Glacier Bay is cold
Olympic National Park
Olympic National Park is a United States national park located in the state of Washington, on the Olympic Peninsula. The park has four regions, the Pacific coastline, alpine areas, the west side temperate rainforest. Within the park there are three distinct ecosystems which are sub-alpine forest and wildflower meadow, temperate forest, and the rugged Pacific Shore and these three different ecosystems are in pristine condition and have outstanding scenery. U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt originally created Mount Olympus National Monument on 2 March 1909 and it was designated a national park by President Franklin Roosevelt on June 29,1938. In 1976, Olympic National Park was designated by UNESCO as an International Biosphere Reserve, in 1988, Congress designated 95 percent of the park as the Olympic Wilderness. The coastal portion of the park is a rugged, sandy beach along with a strip of adjacent forest and it is 60 miles long but just a few miles wide, with native communities at the mouths of two rivers.
The Hoh River has the Hoh people and at the town of La Push at the mouth of the Quileute River live the Quileute, the beach has unbroken stretches of wilderness ranging from 10 to 20 miles. While some beaches are sand, others are covered with heavy rock. Bushy overgrowth, slippery footing and misty rain forest weather all hinder foot travel, the coastal strip is more readily accessible than the interior of the Olympics, due to the difficult terrain, very few backpackers venture beyond casual day-hiking distances. The most popular piece of the strip is the 9-mile Ozette Loop. The Park Service runs a registration and reservation program to control levels of this area. From the trailhead at Ozette Lake, a 3-mile leg of the trail is a path through near primal coastal cedar swamp. Arriving at the ocean, it is a 3-mile walk supplemented by headland trails for high tides and this area has traditionally been favored by the Makah from Neah Bay. The third 3-mile leg is enabled by a boardwalk which has enhanced the loops popularity, there are thick groves of trees adjacent to the sand, which results in chunks of timber from fallen trees on the beach.
The mostly unaltered Hoh River, toward the end of the park, discharges large amounts of naturally eroded timber and other drift. The removal of driftwood – logs, dead-heads and root-wads from streams, even today driftwood deposits form a commanding presence, biologically as well as visually, giving a taste of the original condition of the beach viewable to some extent in early photos. Drift-material often comes from a distance, the Columbia River formerly contributed huge amounts to the Northwest Pacific coasts. The smaller coastal portion of the park is separated from the larger, President Franklin D. Roosevelt originally had supported connecting them with a continuous strip of park land
The Tuolumne River flows for 149 miles through Central California, from the high Sierra Nevada to join the San Joaquin River in the Central Valley. While the upper Tuolumne is a mountain stream, the lower river crosses a broad, fertile. Like most other central California rivers, the Tuolumne is dammed multiple times for irrigation, humans have inhabited the Tuolumne River area for up to 10,000 years. The city of Modesto grew up on the Tuolumne as a railroad hub, as agricultural production rose, farmers along the Tuolumne formed Californias first two irrigation districts to better control and develop the river. From the 1900s to the 1930s, the river was dammed at Don Pedro and Hetch Hetchy to provide water for Central Valley farmers and the city of San Francisco, respectively. The Hetch Hetchy project, located inside Yosemite National Park, incited national controversy, as the mid-20th century progressed, demands on the Tuolumne continued to increase, culminating in the completion of New Don Pedro Dam in the early 1970s.
These projects halved the amount of water flowing from the Tuolumne into the San Joaquin, greatly reducing the once-abundant runs of salmon, the Tuolumne originates in Yosemite National Park, high in the Sierra Nevada, as two streams. The 7-mile Lyell Fork rises at the Lyell Glacier below 13, 114-foot Mount Lyell, the highest peak in Yosemite National Park, the 5-mile Dana Fork originates between Mount Dana and Mount Gibbs and flows west. After the confluence of the forks in Tuolumne Meadows, the river meanders northwest, although calm for the first few miles, this quickly changes as the river drops over Tuolumne Falls and White Cascades. After briefly passing through Glen Aulin, the river enters the spectacular 20-mile Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne and Piute Creeks join the river from the north within the Tuolumne Canyon. At the end of the canyon the river widens into Hetch Hetchy Reservoir, formed by a dam built in 1923 to provide water to the city of San Francisco, in the scenic Hetch Hetchy Valley.
Falls Creek forms Wapama Falls and Tueeulala Falls, two of the highest in Yosemite, as it enters the reservoir from the north. From its source at 8,589 feet above sea level in Tuolumne Meadows, most of the Tuolumnes main tributaries join within this reach, beginning with Cherry Creek from the north just below the intake of the Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct, which delivers water to San Francisco. The South Fork of the Tuolumne joins from the south a few miles downstream, near Groveland-Big Oak Flat, followed by the Clavey River from the north a few miles after that. Directly below Don Pedro Dam is the La Grange Dam, where half the rivers natural flow is diverted into the Turlock. Leaving the foothills, the Tuolumne flows approximately 50 miles west across the Central Valley to its confluence with the San Joaquin River, passing Waterford, Empire and Modesto. The lower Tuolumne is wide and slow-flowing, dropping just 230 feet from the base of La Grange Dam to its mouth at 26 feet. Highway 99 and the Southern Pacific Railroad tracks both cross the river in Modesto, and the Modesto Airport is located adjacent to the river shortly upstream, dry Creek joins the Tuolumne from the north between the airport and the railroad
Admiralty Island National Monument
Admiralty Island National Monument is a United States National Monument located on Admiralty Island in Southeast Alaska, and is managed as part of the Tongass National Forest. It was created December 1,1978, and covers 955,747 acres in Southeast Alaska, the monument is administered by the U. S. Forest Service from offices in Juneau. Western hemlock, Sitka spruce and western redcedar dominate the prolific rainforest vegetation, wildlife in abundance includes brown bear, bald eagles, many species of salmon and deer. It has more brown bears than the entire lower 48 states, cultural resources include the remains of fish canneries, whaling stations and mining cabins that attest to the islands early history of development. The national monument is considered sacred space to the Angoon Tribe of Tlingit people, the Tlingits fought to make protection for the island a part of ANILCA legislation, and continue to engage in stewardship of the islands natural resources. Most of Angoons residents make daily use of the national monument.
While the modern route was laid out and constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930s, it follows traces long used by the islands native inhabitants for hunting and trading. The Greens Creek Mine is a silver, gold and lead mine located on the northwest end of the island, within the national monument. Acid mine drainage has occurred at the mine site, archived from the original on 5 August 2006. Archived from the original on 10 August 2006
The Adirondack Park is a part of New Yorks Forest Preserve in Upstate New York, United States. The parks boundary corresponds to the Adirondack Mountains, unlike most preserves, about 52 per cent of the land is privately owned inholdings heavily regulated by the Adirondack Park Agency. This area contains 102 towns and villages, as well as farms, businesses. The year-round population is 132,000, with 200,000 seasonal residents, the inclusion of human communities makes the park one of the great experiments in conservation in the industrialized world. The parks 6.1 million acres more than 10,000 lakes,30,000 miles of rivers and streams. For the history of the area before the formation of the park, before the 19th century the wilderness was viewed as desolate and forbidding. As Romanticism developed in the United States, the view of wilderness became more positive, as seen in the writings of James Fenimore Cooper, Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson. The 1849 publication of Joel Tyler Headleys Adirondack, or, Life in the Woods triggered the development of hotels, William Henry Harrison Murrays 1869 wilderness guidebook depicted the area as a place of relaxation and pleasure rather than a natural obstacle.
Financier and railroad promoter Thomas Clark Durant acquired a tract of central Adirondack land. By 1875, there were more than two hundred hotels in the Adirondacks including Paul Smiths Hotel, about this time, the Great Camps were developed. He wrote a report which was read at the Albany Institute, in 1872 he was named to the newly created post of Superintendent of the Adirondack Survey and given a $1000 budget by the state legislature to institute a survey of the Adirondacks. In 1873 he wrote a report arguing that if the Adirondack watershed was allowed to deteriorate, it would threaten the viability of the Erie Canal and he was subsequently appointed superintendent of the New York state land survey. In 1873, he recommended the creation of a state forest preserve covering the entire Adirondack region, in 1884, a commission chaired by botanist Charles Sprague Sargent recommended establishment of a forest preserve, to be forever kept as wild forest lands. And in 1885, New York State Legislature designated particular counties in the state as places where Forest Preserve could be acquired in the future, State land in these areas was to be conserved and never put up for sale or lease.
They shall not be leased, sold or exchanged, or be taken by any corporation, public or private, nor shall the timber thereon be sold, removed or destroyed. In 1902, the legislature passed a bill defining the Adirondack Park for the first time in terms of the counties, in 1912 the legislature further clarified that the park included the privately owned lands within as well as the public holdings. The restrictions on development and lumbering embodied in Article XIV have withstood many challenges from timber interests, hydropower projects, and large-scale tourism development interests. Further, the language of the article, and decades of experience in its defence, are widely recognized as having laid the foundation for the U. S. National Wilderness Act of 1964
Glacier National Park (U.S.)
Glacier National Park is a national park located in the U. S. state of Montana, on the Canada–United States border with the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. The park encompasses over 1 million acres and includes parts of two ranges, over 130 named lakes, more than 1,000 different species of plants. This vast pristine ecosystem is the centerpiece of what has been referred to as the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem, the region that became Glacier National Park was first inhabited by Native Americans. Upon the arrival of European explorers, it was dominated by the Blackfeet in the east, under pressure the Blackfoot ceded the mountainous parts of their treaty lands in 1895 to the federal government, it became part of the park. Soon after the establishment of the park on May 11,1910 and these historic hotels and chalets are listed as National Historic Landmarks and a total of 350 locations are on the National Register of Historic Places. The mountains of Glacier National Park began forming 170 million years ago when ancient rocks were forced eastward up, known as the Lewis Overthrust, these sedimentary rocks are considered to have some of the finest fossilized examples of extremely early life found anywhere on Earth.
Of the estimated 150 glaciers which existed in the park in the mid-19th century, scientists studying the glaciers in the park have estimated that all the glaciers may disappear by 2030 if the current climate patterns persist. Glacier National Park has almost all its native plant and animal species. Large mammals such as Grizzly bears and mountain goats, as well as rare or endangered species like wolverines and Canadian lynxes, hundreds of species of birds, more than a dozen fish species, and a few reptile and amphibian species have been documented. The park has numerous ecosystems ranging from prairie to tundra, the easternmost forests of western redcedar and hemlock grow in the southwest portion of the park. Large forest fires are uncommon in the park, however, in 2003 over 13% of the park burned. Both parks were designated by the United Nations as Biosphere Reserves in 1976, according to archeological evidence, Native Americans first arrived in the Glacier area some 10,000 years ago. The earliest occupants with lineage to current tribes were the Flathead and Kootenai, the Blackfeet arrived around the beginning of the 18th century and soon dominated the eastern slopes of what became the park, as well as the Great Plains immediately to the east.
The park region provided the Blackfeet shelter from the winter winds of the plains. Today, the Blackfeet Indian Reservation borders the park in the east, while the Flathead Indian Reservation is located west, when the Blackfeet Reservation was first established in 1855 by the Lame Bull Treaty, it included the eastern area of the current park up to the Continental Divide. This established the current boundary between the park and the reservation, while exploring the Marias River in 1806, the Lewis and Clark Expedition came within 50 miles of the area that is now the park. A series of explorations after 1850 helped to shape the understanding of the area became the park. In 1885 George Bird Grinnell hired noted explorer James Willard Schultz to guide him on an expedition into what would become the park
Virgin Islands National Park
It became the 29th U. S. national park in 1956. The park is famous for diving and snorkeling and has miles of hiking trails through the tropical rainforest. Cruz Bay is the port to the park. Ferries operate hourly from Red Hook, St. Thomas, thrice daily from Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas and West End, twice daily from Jost Van Dyke, the Virgin Islands National Park Visitor Center is located in Cruz Bay. It contains restrooms and information, a picnic area, a dock. The park had an average of over 450,000 visitors per year in the period from 2007 to 2016, the remaining portion, the Caneel Bay Resort, operates on a lease arrangement with the NPS, which owns the underlying land. The boundaries of the Virgin Islands National Park include 75% of the island, much of the islands waters, coral reefs, and shoreline have been protected by being included in the national park. This protection was expanded in 2001, when the Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument was created, coral reefs, hiking trails, and sites are the parks main attractions.
The park is free to enter and the fee is at Trunk Bay Beach. Overnight and day use mooring balls are available to boaters and anchoring fees are $26 per night. Visitors can stay in numerous resorts and vacation villas near the park on St. John, Cinnamon Bay Campground is located inside the park, as is Caneel Bay resort on the north shore which lies on Rockefellers former personal estate. Safari taxis are available in Cruz Bay and at the most popular National Park beaches along the north shore, note that taxi prices are per person in the Virgin Islands. The beaches of Virgin Islands National Park are regularly named some of the best in the world, the most popular beaches are Trunk Bay, Cinnamon Bay, Honeymoon Beach, Hawksnest Bay, Maho Bay, and Salt Pond Bay. Trunk Bay is a body of water and a beach on Saint John in the United States Virgin Islands and it has consistently been voted one of the Ten Best Beaches in The World by Condé Nast Traveler magazine and has received similar recognition from other publications.
Amenities include a bar and restrooms, lifeguards. The beach area is divided into two halves, the main Trunk Bay beach and swim area and Burgesman Cove which is located on the west end of Trunk Bay near Jumbie Bay, Trunk Bay is the only National Park beach on Saint John which requires a fee to visit. Parking is limited at Trunk Bay, but taxis from Cruz Bay are readily available for $5 per person, Cinnamon Bay beach is a long, wide stretch of sand on the north shore of St. John. The beach is popular for sunbathing and water sports, the New York Times named Cinnamon Bay one of the 6 Caribbean Beaches to See Before You Die