Fundidora Park is a public park located east of Monterrey, Mexico in the old land of Fundidora de Acero de Monterrey. This urban sustainable park is located inside the former Monterrey Foundry Property with an area of 142 hectares, the Monterrey Foundry operated from 1900 until its bankruptcy in 1986. Two years later, after being legally declared financially insolvent, the Fideicomiso Fundidora was installed to administer the Park, the park has several industrial buildings from the Old Foundry making it a top famous Archeological Industrial Site in Mexico. Fundidora Park contains extensive walking tracks, one lake, playgrounds for children. Arena Monterrey is an arena in Monterrey, Mexico. It is primarily used for concerts and indoor sports like indoor soccer or basketball, the Arena Monterrey is owned by Publimax S. A. de C. V. part of the Avalanz Group, who owns 80% and by TV Azteca who owns 20%. The arena is 480,000 square feet in size, parque Plaza Sésamo is a thematic park devoted to the Sesame Street franchisee, along with the local adaptation known as Plaza Sésamo.
This park was inaugurated in 1995, aquamundo In this place there are water attractions like, Rio féliz, Locoboganes, Flash y Superflash, Rápidos y Superápidos. Isla Aventura Llantas, Mar aventura y Mar bucaneros, villasesamo Space shot, Grand Prix, Burbujas, Count Count Castle. The Champ Car World Series Grand Prix of Monterrey was held from 2001 to 2006, Fundidora Park has been the venue of UN and OEA summits. On February 26,2006, the Fundidora Park raceway hosted the A1 Grand Prix racing series, the park was the center of the 2007 Universal Forum of Cultures. For this event, an area of 30 hectares was joined to the 120 original hectares and was joined to the citys Great Plaza by the Santa Lucia Riverwalk
A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally iron, but others such as lead or copper. The end products are usually molten metal and slag phases tapped from the bottom, the downward flow of the ore and flux in contact with an upflow of hot, carbon monoxide-rich combustion gases is a countercurrent exchange and chemical reaction process. In contrast, air furnaces are naturally aspirated, usually by the convection of hot gases in a chimney flue, according to this broad definition, bloomeries for iron, blowing houses for tin, and smelt mills for lead would be classified as blast furnaces. Blast furnaces existed in China from about 1st century AD and in the West from the High Middle Ages and they spread from the region around Namur in Wallonia in the late 15th century, being introduced to England in 1491. The fuel used in these was invariably charcoal, the successful substitution of coke for charcoal is widely attributed to Abraham Darby in 1709.
The efficiency of the process was enhanced by the practice of preheating the combustion air. The oldest extant blast furnaces were built during the Han Dynasty of China in the 1st century AD. However, cast iron tools and weapons were widespread in China by the 5th century BC. These early furnaces had clay walls and used phosphorus-containing minerals as a flux, the effectiveness of the Chinese blast furnace was enhanced during this period by the engineer Du Shi, who applied the power of waterwheels to piston-bellows in forging cast iron. He suggests that early blast furnace and cast iron production evolved from furnaces used to melt bronze, though, iron was essential to military success by the time the State of Qin had unified China. Usage of the blast and cupola furnace remained widespread during the Song and Tang Dynasties and this may have happened as early as the 4th century AD. The Chinese blast furnace remained in use well until the 20th century, the backyard furnaces favoured by Mao Zedong during the Great Leap Forward were of this type.
In the regions with strong traditions of metallurgy, the production actually increased during this period. In most places in the other than in China, there is no evidence of the use of the blast furnace. Instead, iron was made by reduction in bloomeries. The bloomery process was invented probably in modern-day Xinjiang or other parts of Western China by Hans or Mongols around 800 BC. Iron finds in China proper are few before bloomeries were supplanted by the blast furnace in the 5th century BC which seems to have developed independently in the southern Chinese cultural sphere, in Europe, the Greeks, Celts and Carthaginians all used this process. Several examples have found in France, and materials found in Tunisia suggest they were used there as well as in Antioch during the Hellenistic Period
Cold blast, in ironmaking, refers to a furnace where air is not preheated before being blown into the furnace. This represents the earliest stage in the development of ironmaking, until the 1820s, the use of cold air was thought to be preferable to hot air for the production of high-quality iron, this effect was due to the reduced moisture in cool winter air. However, one of the last known operating cold blast charcoal furnaces, Pleasant Furnace, in Curtin, Craig L. Metz, Lance E. Bartholomew, Ann, ed. The Anthracite Iron Industry of the Lehigh Valley, center for Canal History and Technology
A blowing engine is a large stationary steam engine or internal combustion engine directly coupled to air pumping cylinders. They deliver a large quantity of air at a pressure lower than an air compressor. Blowing engines are used to provide the air blast for furnaces, blast furnaces, the very first blowing engines were the blowing houses, driven by waterwheels. Smelters are most economically located near the source of their ore, there is the risk of drought interrupting the water supply, or of expanding demand for the furnace outstripping the available water capacity. These restrictions led to the very earliest form of engine used for power generation rather than pumping. With this engine, a pump was used to raise water that in turn drove a waterwheel. Water from the wheel was returned by the pump and these early steam engines were only suitable for pumping water, and could not be connected directly to the machinery. The first practical examples of engines were installed in 1742 at Coalbrookdale.
Early steam prime movers were beam engines, firstly of the non-rotative, both of these were used as blowing engines, usually by coupling an air cylinder to the far end of the beam from the steam cylinder. Joshua Field describes an 1821 trip to Foster, Rastrick & Co. of Stourbridge, where the beam engines drove flywheels, this was useful for providing a more even action to the engine. The air cylinder was still driven by the beam alone and the flywheel was used solely as a flywheel, a well-known surviving example of this type are the paired beam engines David & Sampson, now preserved at Blists Hill open-air museum, Ironbridge Gorge. These are a pair of single-cylinder condensing beam engines, each driving an air cylinder by their own beam and they are notable for their decorative Doric arches. The large vertical blowing engine illustrated at the top was built in the 1890s by E. P. Allis Co. of Milwaukee, the steam cylinder is 42 inches diameter, the air cylinder 84 inches and both with a stroke of 60 inches.
The steam cylinder has Reynolds-Corliss valve gear, driven via a bevel-driven auxiliary shaft beneath and this means that the Corliss wrist plate is at right-angles to the flywheel, rather than parallel as is usual. Edwin Reynolds was the designer of the Allis company and in 1876 had developed a version of the Corliss valvegear. The air valves are driven by eccentrics from this same shaft, like the beam engines, the main force of the piston is transmitted to the air cylinder by a purely reciprocating action and the flywheels are there merely to smooth the action of the engine. To permit adjustment though, the piston rod only goes as far as the crosshead. The flywheel shaft is mounted below the piston, the paired connecting rods driving downwards and backwards to make this a return connecting rod engine
Hot blast refers to the preheating of air blown into a blast furnace or other metallurgical process. As this considerably reduced the fuel consumed, hot blast was one of the most important technologies developed during the Industrial Revolution, hot blast allowed higher furnace temperatures, which increased the capacity of furnaces. As first developed, it worked by alternately storing heat from the flue gas in a firebrick-lined vessel with multiple chambers. This is known as regenerative heating, hot blast was invented and patented for iron furnaces by James Beaumont Neilson in 1828 at Wilsontown Ironworks in Scotland, but was applied in other contexts, including late bloomeries. Later the carbon monoxide in the gas was burned to provide additional heat. James Beaumont Neilson, previously foreman at Glasgow gas works, invented the system of preheating the blast for a furnace and he, with partners including Charles Macintosh, patented this in 1828. Initially the heating vessel was made of iron plates, but these oxidized.
On the basis of a January 1828 patent, Thomas Botfield has a claim as the inventor of the hot blast method. Neilson is credited as inventor of hot blast because he won patent litigation and his partners engaged in substantial litigation to enforce the patent against infringers. The spread of technology across Britain was relatively slow. By 1840,58 ironmasters had taken out licenses, yielding a royalty income of £30,000 per year, by the time the patent expired there were 80 licenses. In 1843, just after it expired,42 of the 80 furnaces in south Staffordshire were using hot blast, other advantages of hot blast were that raw coal could be used instead of coke. In Scotland, the poor black band ironstone could be profitably smelted. It increased the output of furnaces. In the case of Calder ironworks from 5.6 tons per day in 1828 to 8.2 in 1833, early hot blast stoves were troublesome, as thermal expansion and contraction could cause breakage of pipes. This was somewhat remedied by supporting the pipes on rollers and it was necessary to devise new methods of connecting the blast pipes to the tuyeres, as leather could not longer be used.
Ultimately this principle was applied even more efficiently in regenerative heat exchangers, such as the Cowper stove, George Crane and David Thomas, of the Yniscedwyn Works in Wales, conceived of the same idea, and Crane filed for a British patent in 1836. They began producing iron by the new process on February 5,1837, Crane subsequently bought Gessenhainers patent and patented additions to it, controlling the use of the process in both Britain and the US