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Pages in category "Blue Ensigns"
The following 45 pages are in this category, out of 45 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blue Ensigns.|
The following 45 pages are in this category, out of 45 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. British ensign – In British maritime law and custom, an ensign is the identifying flag flown to designate a British ship, either military or civilian. Such flags display the United Kingdom Union Flag in the canton, with either a red, white or blue field, dependent on whether the vessel is civilian, naval and these are known as the red, white, and blue ensigns respectively. Outside the nautical sphere, ensigns are used to designate many other units, government departments. The Union Flag should be flown as a jack by Royal Navy ships only when moored, at anchor, while underway and dressed with masthead ensigns, the Union Flag may also signal that a court martial is in progress. Todays white ensign, as used by Royal Navy ships, incorporates the St Georges Cross, British yachts owned by members of the Royal Yacht Squadron are authorised to apply for a permit to wear this ensign. Defaced white ensigns include that of the British Antarctic Territory, since the reorganisation of the Royal Navy in 1864, use of the White Ensign has been restricted to ships, boats, submarines and on-shore establishments of the Royal Navy. The Royal Yacht Squadron also fly the white ensign by special dispensation, the Blue Ensign undefaced is worn by masters of vessels in possession of a warrant issued by the Director of Naval Reserves, and by the members of certain yacht clubs. Such warrants are issued to officers in the active or retired lists of the Royal Naval Reserve, the master must be of the rank of lieutenant RN or above, and fishing vessels must be crewed by at least four other Royal Naval reservists or pensioners. The Ensign of the Sea Cadet Corps is a blue ensign defaced by the SCC badge, British government departments use a variety of blue ensigns defaced in the fly with the department badge, and colonial governments use blue ensigns defaced with the colonial badge. The flag of Australia and those of its states as well as the flag of New Zealand are defaced blue ensigns, several yacht clubs are also entitled to fly blue ensigns defaced by their club badge. The Red Ensign defaced by a badge is flown by Trinity House and various organisations, merchant ships and private vessels registered in British territories and dependencies, and in several Commonwealth realms, fly the Red Ensign defaced by the badge of their territory. The Red Ensign undefaced is for the use of all other British merchant navy ships, the Red Ensign is the correct flag to be worn as courtesy flag by foreign private vessels in United Kingdom waters. Merchant vessels from British overseas territories and Crown dependencies are entitled to red ensigns defaced with the badge of their territory, the flag of the British East India Company, like the Cambridge or Grand Union Flag of the American colonies, had a red and white striped field. There were similar red-and-white and green-and-white striped ensigns in the English Navy in the 16th century, the flag of Hawaii is a British ensign with a background of white, red and blue stripes. Also in existence is a Royal Air Force ensign and a civil air ensign, the RAF Ensign is defaced with the red-white-blue RAF roundel, while the field of the civil air ensign is charged with a large dark blue cross fimbriated white. The flag of Tuvalu and that of Fiji are also defaced sky blue ensigns, the white ensign of the Commissioner of the Northern Lighthouse Board is unique in that it remains the only example of a pre-1801 Union Flag in official use today. This flag is flown from vessels with Commissioners aboard. There are two yellow ensigns in use in the South Pacific, both featuring the Southern Cross, the personal flag of the Governor of Victoria, Australia, has been the flag of Victoria with a yellow instead of a dark blue background
2. British Empire – The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913, the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23% of the population at the time. As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread, during the Age of Discovery in the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal and Spain pioneered European exploration of the globe, and in the process established large overseas empires. Envious of the great wealth these empires generated, England, France, the independence of the Thirteen Colonies in North America in 1783 after the American War of Independence caused Britain to lose some of its oldest and most populous colonies. British attention soon turned towards Asia, Africa, and the Pacific, after the defeat of France in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, Britain emerged as the principal naval and imperial power of the 19th century. In the early 19th century, the Industrial Revolution began to transform Britain, the British Empire expanded to include India, large parts of Africa and many other territories throughout the world. In Britain, political attitudes favoured free trade and laissez-faire policies, during the 19th Century, Britains population increased at a dramatic rate, accompanied by rapid urbanisation, which caused significant social and economic stresses. To seek new markets and sources of raw materials, the Conservative Party under Benjamin Disraeli launched a period of imperialist expansion in Egypt, South Africa, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand became self-governing dominions. By the start of the 20th century, Germany and the United States had begun to challenge Britains economic lead, subsequent military and economic tensions between Britain and Germany were major causes of the First World War, during which Britain relied heavily upon its empire. The conflict placed enormous strain on the military, financial and manpower resources of Britain, although the British Empire achieved its largest territorial extent immediately after World War I, Britain was no longer the worlds pre-eminent industrial or military power. In the Second World War, Britains colonies in Southeast Asia were occupied by Imperial Japan, despite the final victory of Britain and its allies, the damage to British prestige helped to accelerate the decline of the empire. India, Britains most valuable and populous possession, achieved independence as part of a larger movement in which Britain granted independence to most territories of the empire. The transfer of Hong Kong to China in 1997 marked for many the end of the British Empire, fourteen overseas territories remain under British sovereignty. After independence, many former British colonies joined the Commonwealth of Nations, the United Kingdom is now one of 16 Commonwealth nations, a grouping known informally as the Commonwealth realms, that share a monarch, Queen Elizabeth II. The foundations of the British Empire were laid when England and Scotland were separate kingdoms. In 1496, King Henry VII of England, following the successes of Spain and Portugal in overseas exploration, Cabot led another voyage to the Americas the following year but nothing was ever heard of his ships again
3. Flag of Australia – The flag of Australia is a defaced Blue Ensign, a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton, and a large white seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter. The fly contains a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, there are other official flags representing Australia, its people and core functions of government. A slightly different design was approved by King Edward VII in 1903, the seven-pointed commonwealth star version was introduced by a proclamation dated 23 February 1908. The dimensions were formally gazetted in 1934, and in 1954 the flag recognised by, and legally defined in. Constituent parts of the flag of Australia The Australian flag uses three prominent symbols, the Union Flag, the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross, the Commonwealth Star, also known as the Federation Star, originally had six points, representing the six federating colonies. In 1908, a point was added to symbolise the Papua. Another rationale for the change was to match the star used on the Coat of Arms, the Southern Cross is one of the most distinctive constellations visible in the Southern Hemisphere, and has been used to represent Australia since the early days of British settlement. Ivor Evans, one of the designers, intended the Southern Cross to also refer to the four moral virtues ascribed to the four main stars by Dante, justice, prudence, temperance. The stars are named after the first five letters of the Greek alphabet, in order to simplify manufacture, the British Admiralty standardised the four larger outer stars at seven points each, leaving the smaller, more central star with five points. This change was gazetted on 23 February 1903. A complete specification for the design was published in the Commonwealth Gazette in 1934. The location of the stars is as follows, Commonwealth Star – 7-pointed star, alpha Crucis – 7-pointed star, straight below centre fly 1⁄6 up from bottom edge. Beta Crucis – 7-pointed star, 1⁄4 of the way left, gamma Crucis – 7-pointed star, straight above centre fly 1⁄6 down from top edge. Delta Crucis – 7-pointed star, 2⁄9 of the way right, Epsilon Crucis – 5-pointed star, 1⁄10 of the way right and 1⁄24 down from the centre fly. The outer diameter of the Commonwealth Star is 3⁄10 of the width, while that of the stars in the Southern Cross is 1⁄7 of the flags width, except for Epsilon. Each stars inner diameter is 4⁄9 of the outer diameter, the flags width is the measurement of the hoist edge of the flag. The colours of the flag, although not specified by the Flags Act, have been given Pantone specifications by the Awards and Culture Branch of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. The Australian Governments Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers also gives CMYK and RGB specifications for depicting the flag in print and on screen respectively
4. Royal Hospital School – The Royal Hospital School is a British co-educational independent day and boarding school with naval traditions. The school admits pupils from age 11 to 18 through Common Entrance or the schools own exam, the school is regulated by Acts of Parliament. The school is located in the village of Holbrook, near Ipswich, Suffolk, England, the schools campus is of Queen Anne style and set in 200 acres of countryside overlooking the River Stour on the Shotley Peninsula in an area known as Constable Country. The Royal Hospital School was established by a Royal Charter in 1712 and it was originally located at Greenwich Hospital in Greenwich. The school moved in 1933 to East Anglia, the school is the only UK independent boarding school to have ever been continuously granted the Queens Banner and it flies its own Admiralty-approved Royal Hospital School Blue Ensign. It is one of only two UK schools whose students have the privilege of wearing Royal Navy uniforms, the other being Pangbourne College in Berkshire, the school is affiliated to the Headmasters and Headmistresses Conference. The British Empire, was charted and plotted in the classroom of, seafaring traditions are important and integral elements of school life and Royal Navy uniforms are issued to all pupils and used for ceremonial and formal events. The school is owned by the Crown naval charity, Greenwich Hospital, leadership development is another distinctive feature of the Royal Hospital School derived from the naval background. Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force and Royal Marines Combined Cadet Force along with the Duke of Edinburghs Award Scheme are the most popular activities at the Royal Hospital School. The Combined Cadet Force is unique, as it includes a Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Section, Pioneers, Her Majestys Coastguard. HMS Illustrious is affiliated with the Royal Navy CCF, the Army Section is affiliated with Army Air Corps. The Royal Hospital School has a partnership with Americas second-oldest institution of education and sister institution, The College of William. The Royal Hospital School is a boarding school and operates seven days a week. There are a little over 700 students at the school, of those,140 are day students and 560 are boarders and it is the largest boarding school in East Anglia. The students are separated by gender until the sixth, where they move into a multi-gender boarding house. As of the beginning of the 2013 -2014 academic year, pupils in the Junior boarding houses Blake and Drake will also be in multi gender houses, there are international students from about 20 countries. The school has specialist staff for students and has an English as a Foreign Language course. The school uses the National Curriculum Key Stages 3,4, and 5, the school was originally located at Greenwich Hospital, and was based in what is now the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London
5. Flag of New Zealand – The flag of New Zealand is a defaced Blue Ensign with the Union Flag in the canton, and four red stars with white borders to the right. The stars pattern represents the asterism within the constellation of Crux, chosen by an assembly of Māori chiefs at Waitangi in 1834, the flag was of a St Georges Cross with another cross in the canton containing four stars on a blue field. After the formation of the colony in 1840, British ensigns began to be used, the current flag was designed and adopted for use on Colonial ships in 1869, was quickly adopted as New Zealands national flag, and given statutory recognition in 1902. For several decades there has been debate about changing the flag, in 2016, a two-stage binding referendum on a flag change took place with voting on the second final stage closing on 24 March. In this referendum, the country voted to keep the flag by 57% to 43%. The need for a flag of New Zealand first became clear when the trading ship Sir George Murray, the ship had been sailing without a flag, a violation of British navigation laws. New Zealand was not a colony at the time and had no flag, among the passengers on the ship were two high-ranking Māori chiefs, believed to be Patuone and Taonui. The ships detention was reported as arousing indignation among the Māori population, unless a flag was selected, ships could continue to be seized. The first flag of New Zealand was adopted 9 March 1834 by a made by the United Tribes of New Zealand. The United Tribes later made the Declaration of Independence of New Zealand at Waitangi in 1835, three flags were proposed, all designed by the missionary Henry Williams, who was to play a major role in the translation of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. The flag is flown on the flag pole at Waitangi. After the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, the British Union Flag was used, although the former United Tribes flag was used by a number of ships from New Zealand. The New Zealand Company settlement at Wellington, for example, continued to use the United Tribes flag until ordered to replace it by Governor William Hobson in May 1840. New Zealand did not have a badge, or indeed a coat of arms of its own at this stage. In 1869 the First Lieutenant of the Royal Navy vessel Blanche, Albert Hastings Markham, submitted a design to Sir George Bowen and his proposal, incorporating the Southern Cross, was approved. It was initially used only on government ships, but was adopted as the de facto national flag, one of the first recorded accounts of the New Zealand national Blue Ensign flag being flown in battle was at Quinns Post, Gallipoli, in 1915. It was not, however, flown officially, the flag was brought back to New Zealand by Private John Taylor, Canterbury Battalion. The first time the Flag of New Zealand was flown in a naval battle, the national flag is defined in legislation as the symbol of the Realm, Government, and people of New Zealand and like most other laws, can be changed by a simple majority in Parliament
6. Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands – The current flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands was adopted on 7 November 1968, and modified in 1999. Prior to this, the islands had several different flags either proposed or utilised, nevertheless, the Turks and Caicos Islands did not form a separate colony for the vast majority of this time. Instead, the islands were a dependency of Jamaica until 1959, in 1959, the islands became a separate colony but until 1962 and the independence of Jamaica, the Governor of Jamaica remained the Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands. In 1973, when The Bahamas became independent, the position of Administrator became Governor, the flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands features a blue ensign with the Union flag in the canton, defaced with the coat of arms of the Turks and Caicos Islands in the centre-right. The coat of arms, which was granted on 28 September 1965, takes the shape of a shield which contains a conch shell, lobster. The Melocactus, which is similar to the traditional Turkish fez. Whether the lobster on the coat of arms should have eight or ten legs has been disputed and it is thought that the lobster present on the coat of arms is a Caribbean Spiny Lobster, which does indeed have ten legs. The current flag was modified in 1999, when a white outline was added to the shield, a red ensign with the shield to the centre-right is used as civil ensign, although this has not yet been approved by Order in Council laid before Parliament. The Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands has a separate flag and this design is similar to flags of the other Governors in British overseas territories. The current governor, in office since 17 October 2016, is John Freeman, the previous flag used up to 1968 was also a defaced blue ensign. This flag had been in use since 1875 and had a different coat of arms to the current flag, the former coat of arms featured a ship offshore from a beach with the name of the islands in a circle. It also showed a man working on the beach between two piles of salt and this is in reference to the salt industry which once dominated the economy of the Turks and Caicos Islands. The 1889 Admiralty Flag Book introduced some shading into the left-hand salt pile and this led to confusion of what the salt piles really were, with an igloo even being suggested. The corresponding gubernatorial flag was a Union flag defaced by the coat of arms in the centre. In 1870, an alternative to this had been proposed, which retained the Union flag but which was defaced with a white crescent and three stars against a blue background. The crescent would be emblematic of the name of the islands and this flag, however, was rejected because it did not comply with the Order in Council of 7 August 1869, which required the coat of arms of the territory to be present on the flag
7. Blue Ensign – The Blue Ensign is a flag, one of several British ensigns, used by certain organisations or territories associated with the United Kingdom. It is used either plain, or defaced with a badge or other emblem, the evolution of the Blue Ensign followed that of the Union Jack. The ensign originated in the 17th century with the St Georges cross in the canton, the Acts of Union 1707 united England and Wales with Scotland in the Kingdom of Great Britain, thus producing a new Blue Ensign with the new Union Flag in the canton. With the Act of Union 1800, Ireland joined the United Kingdom and St Patricks Cross was added to the Union Flag and, accordingly, to the cantons of all British ensigns from 1 January 1801. Prior to the reorganisation of the Royal Navy in 1864, the blue ensign had been the ensign of one of three squadrons of the Royal Navy, the Blue Squadron. The number and rank of such crew members required has varied over the years, as have the conditions required. Royal Research Ships by warrant whether manned by former Royal Navy personnel or Merchant Navy personnel, british-registered Yachts belonging to members of the following yacht clubs, Permission for yachts to wear the blue ensign was suspended during both World War I and World War II. Since 1864, the Blue Ensign is defaced with a badge or emblem, the blue ensign was approved by the British Admiralty in 1868 for use by ships owned by the Canadian government. net
8. Lockwood silver fern flag – The black, white and blue silver fern flag is a proposed flag for New Zealand by architectural designer Kyle Lockwood. It was first designed using different colours in 2000. 2% of the vote, the design of the flag combines the silver fern flag with the stars of the current national flag. The multiple pinnates on the fern leaf represent New Zealands multicultural society. The original 2000 sketch design used black in the left corner, and the first prototype design used red in the upper left corner. The blue represented the ocean, the red represented Māori and also sacrifices during wartime, and this design was first published by Lockwood in 2003, and won a competition in July 2004 run by The Hutt News. The flag appeared on Campbell Live in 2004 and won a poll that included the present national flag. Lockwood has produced the flag in several of colour combinations and designs, including more, lockwoods winning entry in the New Zealand flag referendum had black instead of red, and a brighter shade of blue. This design is John Keys preferred proposal, the original red design was criticised on aesthetic grounds by Hamish Keith, Paul Henry and John Oliver. The New Zealand Herald writer Karl Puschmann called it a design for those sitting on the fence who didnt want much change, members of the public had also compared it unfavourably to Weet-Bix packaging, or a merger of the Labour and National party logos. It was also likened to the design of a beach towel, however Lockwood pointed out that most national flags were made into beach towels. After the 2015 Rugby World Cup final between Australia and New Zealand in Twickenham, England, Richie McCaw said Running out at Twickenham and seeing the two flags looking so similar. The silver fern has always been the symbol on the All Black jersey that represents who we are as kiwis. On the subject of flag change Dame Cath Tizard said We dont wear the clothes of a century ago or drive around today in Model T Fords. Our present flag served a young post-colonial country well, but the time has come to consider a change which more appropriately recognises our changed identity, after the second referendum, the flag continued to make appearances in the International media. Lockwoods silver fern design features in the livery of the Electron rocket in Rocket Labs New Zealand space program, two of them, the original red, white and blue and the winning black, white and blue versions, reached the short list of four flags. This gallery presents the service flags proposed for New Zealand following the Lockwood Silver Fern Flag, the option of changing these flags was not, however, included in the referendum. Hundertwasser koru flag List of New Zealand flags Official flag referendum entry Silverfernflag. org lobby website
9. Colony – In politics and history, a colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign. For colonies in antiquity, city-states would often found their own colonies, some colonies were historically countries, while others were territories without definite statehood from their inception. The metropolitan state is the state that rules the colony, in Ancient Greece, the city that founded a colony was known as the metropolis. Mother country is a reference to the state from the point of view of citizens who live in its colony. There is a United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, unlike a puppet state or satellite state, a colony has no independent international representation, and its top-level administration is under direct control of the metropolitan state. The term informal colony is used by historians to refer to a country under the de facto control of another state. The word colony comes from the Latin word colōnia and this in turn derives from the word colōnus, which means colonist but also implies a farmer. Cologne is an example of a settlement preserving this etymology, other, less obvious settlements that began as Roman colonia include cities from Belgrade to York. A tell-tale sign of a settlement once being a Roman Colony is a city centre with a grid pattern. The terminology is taken from architectural analogy, where a column pillar is beneath the head capital, so colonies are not independently self-controlled, but rather are controlled from a separate entity that serves the capital function. Roman colonies first appeared when the Romans conquered neighbouring Italic peoples and these were small farming settlements that appeared when the Romans had subdued an enemy in war. A colony could take many forms, as a trade outpost or a base in enemy territory. Its original definition as a settlement created by migrating from a central region to an outlying one became the modern definition. Kandahar formed as a Greek colony during the Hellenistic era by Alexander the great in 330 BC, alaska, a colony of Russia from the middle 18th century until sold to the United States in 1867. It became the 49th American state in 1959, angola, a colony of Portugal since the 16th century. Australia was formed as an independent country in 1901 from a federation of six distinct British colonies which were founded between 1788 and 1829, barbados, was a colony of Great Britain important in the Atlantic slave trade. It gained its independence in 1966, brazil, a colony of Portugal since the 16th century. Canada, colonized first by France as New France, then under British rule, congo, Democratic Republic of the, a colony of Belgium from 1908 to 1960
10. Flag of the British Indian Ocean Territory – The flag of the British Indian Ocean Territory is similar to the flags of other British dependencies and colonies as it has the Union Flag in the upper hoist-side corner. The palm tree and crown are symbols of the Indian Ocean Territory, the flag contains the Union Jack in its canton. It depicts the waters of the Indian Ocean, where the islands are located, in the form of white, the flag also depicts a palm tree rising above the British crown. It is understood that the flag, which was granted by Queen Elizabeth II on the 25th anniversary of the BIOT in 1990, is that of the Commissioner and has only semi-official status. Given that it is impossible for civilians to visit the British Indian Ocean Territory, however, a video was released by the Naval Support Facility on Diego Garcia. It shows a scene where the flag is being flown, the only settlements on the Islands are the Anglo-American naval and air facilities. The flag does indeed fly at Diego Garcia, along with the American Flag, both are lowered at the end of the duty day. It appears that the flag is used by the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory. The Commissioner is based at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London, media related to Flags of British Indian Ocean Territory at Wikimedia Commons
11. Flag of the Falkland Islands – The current flag of the Falkland Islands was adopted on 25 January 1999 and consists of a defaced Blue Ensign, with the Union Flag in the canton and the Falkland Islands coat-of-arms in the fly. The Falkland Islands have been claimed and occupied by several nations throughout its history, a new coat-of-arms for the islands was introduced on 16 October 1925, consisting of the Desire and a sea lion in a shield surrounded by the motto of the islands, Desire the Right. This coat-of-arms later replaced the image of the bullock and ship on the flag, on 29 September 1948 the flag was updated to include the new coat-of-arms superimposed upon a white disc. The flag was banned by the Argentine military junta from 2 April-14 June 1982, during their occupation of the islands, in 1999 the size of the arms was increased and the white disc removed to create the current flag. Red Ensign with the Falklands coat of arms superimposed is used as the civil ensign. Previously the plain red ensign was used by ships in the waters around the Falklands. The Governor of the Falkland Islands uses a Union Flag defaced with the coat of arms and it was this flag that was raised at Government House in Stanley by the Royal Marines at the end of the Falkland War, signifying the liberation of the islands. Since its approval, the Falklands flag has been used to represent the Falkland Islanders internationally, in 2011, in support of Argentinas claim to the islands, the members of Mercosur banned Falklands flagged vessels from entering their ports. Vessels flying the Falklands Civil Ensign are required to re-flag with the Red Ensign to enter Mercosur ports, List of flags of the United Kingdom List of Falkland Island flags