Category:Bob Clampett Humanitarian Award winners
Pages in category "Bob Clampett Humanitarian Award winners"
The following 24 pages are in this category, out of 24 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 24 pages are in this category, out of 24 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Ray Bradbury – Ray Douglas Bradbury was an American fantasy, science fiction, horror and mystery fiction author and screenwriter. While most of his best known work is in speculative fiction, he wrote in other genres, such as the coming-of-age novel Dandelion Wine or the fictionalized memoir Green Shadows. Recipient of numerous awards, including a 2007 Pulitzer Citation, Bradbury also wrote and consulted on screenplays and television scripts, including Moby Dick, many of his works were adapted to comic book, television and film formats. On his death in 2012, The New York Times called Bradbury the writer most responsible for bringing modern science fiction into the literary mainstream. Bradbury was born on August 22,1920 in Waukegan, Illinois, to Esther Bradbury, a Swedish immigrant, and Leonard Spaulding Bradbury and he was given the middle name Douglas, after the actor Douglas Fairbanks. Bradbury was related to the American Shakespeare scholar Douglas Spaulding and was descended from Mary Bradbury, Bradbury was surrounded by an extended family during his early childhood and formative years in Waukegan, Illinois. An aunt read him stories when he was a child. This period provided foundations for both the author and his stories, in Bradburys works of fiction, 1920s Waukegan becomes Green Town, Illinois. The family arrived with only US$40, which paid for rent and this meant that they could stay, however, and Bradbury—who was in love with Hollywood—was ecstatic. Bradbury attended Los Angeles High School and was active in the drama club and he often roller-skated through Hollywood in hopes of meeting celebrities. Among the creative and talented people Bradbury met this way were special effects pioneer Ray Harryhausen, throughout his youth, Bradbury was an avid reader and writer and knew at a young age that he was going into one of the arts. Bradbury began writing his own stories at age eleven, during the Great Depression — sometimes writing on the available paper, butcher paper. In his youth, he spent much time in the Carnegie library in Waukegan, reading such authors as H. G. Wells, Jules Verne, at twelve, Bradbury began writing traditional horror stories and said he tried to imitate Poe until he was about eighteen. In addition to comics, he loved Edgar Rice Burroughs, creator of Tarzan of the Apes, the Warlord of Mars impressed him so much that at the age of twelve he wrote his own sequel. The young Bradbury was also a cartoonist and loved to illustrate and he wrote about Tarzan and drew his own Sunday panels. He listened to the radio show Chandu the Magician, and when the show went off the air every night he would sit, as a teen in Beverly Hills, he often visited his mentor and friend, science fiction writer Bob Olsen, sharing ideas and maintaining contact. In 1936, at a bookstore in Hollywood, Bradbury discovered a handbill promoting meetings of the Los Angeles Science Fiction Society. Excited to find there were others sharing his interest, Bradbury joined a weekly Thursday-night conclave at age sixteen, at age 17, Bradbury read stories published in Astounding Science Fiction, and read everything by Robert A. Heinlein, Arthur C
2. Will Eisner – William Erwin Will Eisner was an American cartoonist, writer, and entrepreneur. He was one of the earliest cartoonists to work in the American comic book industry, in 1978, he popularized the term graphic novel with the publication of his book A Contract with God. He was a contributor to formal comics studies with his book Comics. The Eisner Award was named in his honor, and is given to recognize achievements each year in the comics medium, Eisners father Shmuel Samuel Eisner was born March 6,1886, in Kolomyia, Austria-Hungary, and was one of eleven children. He aspired to be an artist, and as a teenager painted murals for rich patrons, to avoid conscription in the army, he moved to New York before the outbreak of World War I. There he found getting work difficult as his English skills were poor and he made what living he could painting backdrops for vaudeville and the Jewish theater. Eisners mother, Fannie Ingber, was born to Jewish parents from Romania April 25,1891 and her mother died on her tenth birthday, and was quickly followed by her father. Family introduced Shmuel and Fannie, who were distant relatives and they had three children, son Will Erwin, born on his fathers birthday in 1917, son Julian, born February 3,1921, and daughter Rhoda, born November 2,1929. Eisner was born in Brooklyn, New York City and he grew up poor, and the family moved frequently. Young Eisner often got into physical confrontations when subject to antisemitism from his schoolmates, young Eisner was tall and of sturdy build, but lacked athletic skills. He was a consumer of pulp magazines and film, including avant-garde films such as those by Man Ray. To his mothers disappointment, Eisner had his fathers interest in art, Eisners mother frequently berated his father for not providing the family a better income, as he went from one job to another. Without success he also tried his hand at such ventures as a furniture retailer, the family situation was especially dire following the Wall Street Crash of 1929 that marked the beginning of the Great Depression. In 1930, the situation was so desperate that Eisners mother demanded that he, at thirteen and he entered working life selling newspapers on street corners, a competitive job where the toughest boys fought for the best locations. Eisner attended DeWitt Clinton High School, with influences that included the early 20th-century commercial artist J. C. Leyendecker, he drew for the newspaper, the literary magazine and the yearbook. Upon graduation, he studied under Canadian artist George Brandt Bridgman for a year at the Art Students League of New York, contacts made there led to a position as an advertising writer-cartoonist for the New York American newspaper. Eisner also drew illustrations for pulp magazines, including Western Sheriffs
3. Neil Gaiman – Neil Richard MacKinnon Gaiman is an English author of short fiction, novels, comic books, graphic novels, audio theatre, and films. His notable works include the book series The Sandman and novels Stardust, American Gods, Coraline. He has won awards, including the Hugo, Nebula. He is the first author to win both the Newbery and the Carnegie medals for the work, The Graveyard Book. In 2013, The Ocean at the End of the Lane was voted Book of the Year in the British National Book Awards and his father, David Bernard Gaiman, worked in the same chain of stores, his mother, Sheila Gaiman, was a pharmacist. He has two sisters, Claire and Lizzy. His other sister, Lizzy Calcioli, has said, Most of our social activities were involved with Scientology or our Jewish family and it would get very confusing when people would ask my religion as a kid. I’d say, I’m a Jewish Scientologist, Gaiman says that he is not a Scientologist, and that like Judaism, Scientology is his familys religion. About his personal views, Gaiman has stated, I think we can say that God exists in the DC Universe, I would not stand up and beat the drum for the existence of God in this universe. I dont know, I think theres probably a 50/50 chance and it doesnt really matter to me. Gaiman was able to read at the age of four, when he was about ten years old, he read his way through the works of Dennis Wheatley, where especially The Ka of Gifford Hillary and The Haunting of Toby Jugg made an impact on him. One work that made an impression on him was J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings from his school library. He consistently took them out and read them and he would later win the school English prize and the school reading prize, enabling him to finally acquire the third volume. For his seventh birthday, Gaiman received C. S. Lewiss The Chronicles of Narnia series and he later recalled that I admired his use of parenthetical statements to the reader, where he would just talk to you. Id think, Oh, my gosh, that is so cool, when I become an author, I want to be able to do things in parentheses. I liked the power of putting things in brackets, Narnia also introduced him to literary awards, specifically the 1956 Carnegie Medal won by the concluding volume. Lewis Carrolls Alices Adventures in Wonderland was another favourite. Alice was default reading to the point where I knew it by heart and he also enjoyed Batman comics as a child
4. Robert A. Heinlein – Robert Anson Heinlein was an American science-fiction writer. Often called the dean of science writers, his controversial works continue to have an influential effect on the genre. Heinlein became one of the first science-fiction writers to break into mainstream magazines such as The Saturday Evening Post in the late 1940s. He was one of the best-selling science-fiction novelists for many decades, and he, Isaac Asimov and he also speculated on the influence of space travel on human cultural practices. Heinlein was named the first Science Fiction Writers Grand Master in 1974 and he also anticipated mechanical Computer Aided Design with Drafting Dan and described a modern version of a waterbed in his novel The Door into Summer, though he never patented or built one. In the first chapter of the novel Space Cadet he anticipated the cell-phone,35 years before Motorola invented the technology, several of Heinleins works have been adapted for film and television. Heinlein was born on July 7,1907 to Rex Ivar Heinlein and Bam Lyle Heinlein, in Butler and he was a 6th-generation German-American, a family tradition had it that Heinleins fought in every American war starting with the War of Independence. His childhood was spent in Kansas City, Missouri, Heinleins experience in the U. S. Navy exerted a strong influence on his character and writing. He graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland with the class of 1929 and he was assigned to the new aircraft carrier USS Lexington in 1931, where he worked in radio communications, then in its earlier phases, with the carriers aircraft. The captain of this carrier was Ernest J. King, who served as the Chief of Naval Operations and Commander-in-Chief. Heinlein was frequently interviewed during his later years by historians who asked him about Captain King. Heinlein also served aboard the destroyer USS Roper in 1933 and 1934, reaching the rank of lieutenant. His brother, Lawrence Heinlein, served in the U. S. Army, the U. S. Air Force, and the Missouri National Guard, in 1929, Heinlein married Elinor Curry of Kansas City in Los Angeles, and their marriage lasted about a year. His second marriage in 1932 to Leslyn MacDonald lasted for 15 years, in 1934, Heinlein was discharged from the Navy due to pulmonary tuberculosis. During a lengthy hospitalization, he developed a design for a waterbed, Heinlein supported himself at several occupations, including real estate sales and silver mining, but for some years found money in short supply. Heinlein was active in Upton Sinclairs socialist End Poverty in California movement in the early 1930s, when Sinclair gained the Democratic nomination for Governor of California in 1934, Heinlein worked actively in the campaign. Heinlein himself ran for the California State Assembly in 1938, but was unsuccessful, while not destitute after the campaign—he had a small disability pension from the Navy—Heinlein turned to writing in order to pay off his mortgage. His first published story, Life-Line, was printed in the August 1939 issue of Astounding Science-Fiction, originally written for a contest, it was instead sold to Astounding for significantly more than the contests first-prize payoff
5. Jack Kirby – Jack Kirby, born Jacob Kurtzberg, was an American comic book artist, writer, and editor, widely regarded as one of the mediums major innovators and one of its most prolific and influential creators. Kirby grew up in New York City, and learned to draw cartoon figures by tracing characters from comic strips and he entered the nascent comics industry in the 1930s, drawing various comics features under different pen names, including Jack Curtiss, before ultimately settling on Jack Kirby. In 1940, he and writer-editor Joe Simon created the highly successful superhero character Captain America for Timely Comics, during the 1940s, Kirby, generally teamed with Simon, created numerous characters for that company and for National Comics Publications, later to become DC Comics. After serving in World War II, Kirby produced work for a number of publishers, including DC, Harvey Comics, at Crestwood Publications he and Simon created the genre of romance comics and later founded their own short-lived comic company, Mainline Publications. Ultimately, Kirby found himself at Timelys 1950s iteration, Atlas Comics, there, in the 1960s, Kirby and writer-editor Stan Lee co-created many of the companys major characters, including the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, and the Hulk. The Lee-Kirby titles garnered high sales and critical acclaim, but in 1970, feeling he had been treated unfairly, at DC, Kirby created his Fourth World saga, which spanned several comics titles. While these series proved unsuccessful and were canceled, the Fourth Worlds New Gods have continued as a significant part of the DC Universe. Kirby returned to Marvel briefly in the mid-to-late 1970s, then ventured into television animation, Kirby was married to Rosalind Roz Goldstein in 1942. They had four children, and remained married until his death from heart failure in 1994, the Jack Kirby Awards and Jack Kirby Hall of Fame were named in his honor. Jack Kirby was born Jacob Kurtzberg on August 28,1917, on the Lower East Side of Manhattan in New York City and his parents, Rose and Benjamin Kurtzberg, were Austrian Jewish immigrants, and his father earned a living as a garment factory worker. In his youth, Kirby desired to escape his neighborhood and he liked to draw, and sought out places he could learn more about art. He was rejected by the Educational Alliance because he drew too fast with charcoal and he later found an outlet for his skills by drawing cartoons for the newspaper of the Boys Brotherhood Republic, a miniature city on East 3rd Street where street kids ran their own government. At age 14, Kirby enrolled at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, I wasnt the kind of student that Pratt was looking for. They wanted people who would work on something forever, I didnt want to work on any project forever. I intended to get things done, Kirby joined the Lincoln Newspaper Syndicate in 1936, working there on newspaper comic strips and on single-panel advice cartoons such as Your Health Comes First. He remained until late 1939, when he began working for the animation company Fleischer Studios as an inbetweener on Popeye cartoons. I went from Lincoln to Fleischer, he recalled, from Fleischer I had to get out in a hurry because I couldnt take that kind of thing, describing it as a factory in a sense, like my fathers factory. Around that time, the American comic book industry was booming, Kirby began writing and drawing for the comic-book packager Eisner & Iger, one of a handful of firms creating comics on demand for publishers
6. Frank Miller (comics) – He also directed the film version of The Spirit, shared directing duties with Robert Rodriguez on Sin City and Sin City, A Dame to Kill For, and produced the film 300. His film Sin City earned a Palme dOr nomination, and he has received every major comic book industry award, in 2015, Miller was inducted into the Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame. He created the book characters Elektra for Marvel Comics Daredevil series. Miller is noted for combining film noir and manga influences in his art creations. I realized when I started Sin City that I found American and English comics be too wordy, too constipated, so I was attempting to do a hybrid. Miller was born in Olney, Maryland, on January 27,1957, and raised in Montpelier, Vermont, the fifth of seven children of a nurse mother, Miller grew up a comics fan, a letter he wrote to Marvel Comics was published in The Cat #3. By the time of the latter, Miller had his first confirmed credit in writer Wyatt Gwyons six-page Deliver Me From D-Day, inked by Danny Bulanadi, in Weird War Tales #64. Former Marvel editor-in-chief Jim Shooter recalled Miller going to DC Comics after having broken in with. a small job from Western Publishing, I think. Thus emboldened, he went to DC, and after getting savaged by Joe Orlando, got in to see art director Vinnie Colletta, who recognized talent and arranged for him to get a one-page war-comic job. His first work for Marvel Comics was penciling the 17-page story The Master Assassin of Mars, Part 3 in John Carter, at Marvel, Miller would settle in as a regular fill-in and cover artist, working on a variety of titles. One of these jobs was drawing Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man #27–28, at the time, sales of the Daredevil title were poor but Miller saw potential in a blind protagonist in a purely visual medium, he recalled in 2000. Miller went to writer and staffer Jo Duffy and she passed on his interest to editor-in-chief Jim Shooter to get Miller work on Daredevils regular title, Shooter agreed and made Miller the new penciller on the title. As Miller recalled in 2008, When I first showed up in New York, I showed up with a bunch of comics, and said, Where are the guys in tights. And I had to learn how to do it, but as soon as a title came along, when Gene Colan left Daredevil, I realized it was my secret in to do crime comics with a superhero in them. And so I lobbied for the title and got it, Daredevil #158, Millers debut on that title, was the finale of an ongoing story written by Roger McKenzie and inked by Klaus Janson. After this issue, Miller became one of Marvels rising stars, however, sales on Daredevil did not improve, Marvels management continued to discuss cancellation, and Miller himself almost quit the series, as he disliked McKenzies scripts. Millers fortunes changed with the arrival of Denny ONeil as editor, realizing Millers unhappiness with the series, and impressed by a backup story he had written, ONeil fired McKenzie so that Miller could try writing the series himself. Miller and ONeil would maintain a working relationship throughout his run on the series
7. Forrest J Ackerman – He was based in Los Angeles, California. During his career as an agent, Ackerman represented such science fiction authors as Ray Bradbury, Isaac Asimov, A. E. Van Vogt, Curt Siodmak. He was, for seven decades, one of science fictions staunchest spokesmen. Ackerman was the editor and principal writer of the American magazine Famous Monsters of Filmland, as well as an actor, and Charles Beaumont, The Short Life of Twilight Zones Magic Man, about the late author Charles Beaumont, a former client of The Ackerman Agency. Famous for his play and neologisms, he coined the genre nickname sci-fi. In 1953, he was voted #1 Fan Personality by the members of the World Science Fiction Society and he was also among the first and most outspoken advocates of Esperanto in the science fiction community. Ackerman was born Forrest James Ackerman, on November 24,1916, in Los Angeles, to Carroll Cridland and his father was from New York and his mother was from Ohio, she was nine years older than William. His name was used for the character of the reporter in the original Superman story The Reign of the Superman in issue 3 of Science Fiction magazine and he was one of the early members of the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society, and remained active in it for many decades. He attended the 1st World Science Fiction Convention in 1939, where he wore the first futuristicostume and sparked fan costuming and he attended every Worldcon but two thereafter during his lifetime. Ackerman invited Ray Bradbury to attend the Los Angeles Chapter of the Science Fiction League, the club changed its name to the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society during the period it was meeting at the restaurant. Among the writers frequenting the club were Robert A. Heinlein, Emil Petaja, Fredric Brown, Henry Kuttner, Leigh Brackett, Bradbury often attended meetings with his friend Ray Harryhausen, the two Rays had been introduced to each other by Ackerman. With $90 from Ackerman, Bradbury launched a fanzine, Futuria Fantasia and this second house, in the Los Feliz district of Los Angeles, contained some 300,000 books and pieces of movie and science-fiction memorabilia. From 1951 to 2002, Ackerman entertained some 50,000 fans at open houses - including, on one such evening, Ackerman was a board member of the Seattle Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame, where many items of his collection are now displayed. He knew most of the writers of fiction in the first half of the twentieth-century. As a literary agent, he represented some 200 writers, and he served as agent of record for many long lost authors and he was Ed Woods illiterary agent. Ackerman was credited with nurturing and even inspiring the careers of several early contemporaries like Ray Bradbury, Ray Harryhausen, Charles Beaumont, Marion Zimmer Bradley and his stories have been translated into six languages. Ackerman named the sexy comic-book character Vampirella and wrote the story for the comic. He also authored several lesbian stories under the name Laurajean Ermayne for Vice Versa and he was dubbed an honorary lesbian at a DOB party
8. June Foray – Her career has encompassed radio, theatrical shorts, feature films, television, record albums, video games, talking toys, and other media. Foray was also one of the members of ASIFA-Hollywood, the society devoted to promoting and encouraging animation. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame honoring her work in television. June Foray was born as June Lucille Forer on September 18,1917 in Springfield, Massachusetts, the family resided at 75 Orange Street. Her voice was first broadcast in a radio drama when she was 12 years old, by age 15. After entering radio through the WBZA Players, Foray starred in her own radio series Lady Make Believe in the late 1930s and she soon became a popular voice actress, with regular appearances on coast-to-coast network shows including Lux Radio Theater and The Jimmy Durante Show. On radio, Foray did the voices of Midnight the Cat and Old Grandie the Piano on The Buster Brown Program and she later did voices on the Mutual Network program Smile Time for Steve Allen. Her work in radio ultimately led her to recording for a number of albums for Capitol Records. She also did a variety of voices in Walter Lantzs Woody Woodpecker cartoons, including Woodys nephew and niece, Knothead, impressed by her performance as Witch Hazel, in 1954 Chuck Jones invited her over to Warner Brothers Cartoons. For Warner Brothers, she was Granny, owner of Tweety and Sylvester, like most of Warner Brothers voice actors at the time, Foray was not credited for her roles in these cartoons. Chuck Jones is reported to have said, June Foray is not the female Mel Blanc and she played Bubbles on The Super 6 and, on How the Grinch Stole Christmas, voiced Cindy Lou Who, asking Santa why hes taking their tree. In 1960, she provided the voice for Mattels original Chatty Cathy doll, Foray worked for Hanna-Barbera, including on Tom and Jerry, Scooby-Doo, Where Are You. The Jetsons, The Flintstones and many other shows, in 1959, she auditioned for the part of Betty Rubble on The Flintstones, but the part went to Bea Benaderet, Foray described herself as terribly disappointed at not getting to play Betty. She has done voice acting for Stan Frebergs commercials, albums. She also appeared in several Rankin/Bass TV specials in the 1960s and 1970s, voicing the young Karen and she also voiced all the female roles in Rikki-Tikki-Tavi, including the villainous cobra Nagaina. In the mid-1960s, she devoted to the preservation and promotion of animation and has since written numerous magazine articles about animation. In 1988, she was awarded the Bob Clampett Humanitarian Award, Foray was the first recipient of the award. In 2007, Foray became a contributor to ASIFA-Hollywoods Animation Archive Project, in 2011, Roz Ryan voiced Witch Lezah in The Looney Tunes Show, opposite June Foray as Granny
9. Joe Kubert – Joseph Joe Kubert was an American comic book artist, art teacher and founder of The Kubert School. He is best known for his work on the DC Comics characters Sgt. He is also known for working on his own creations, such as Tor, Son of Sinbad, and the Viking Prince, and, with writer Robin Moore, the comic strip Tales of the Green Beret. Kubert was inducted into the Harvey Awards Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1997, Kubert was born September 18,1926 to a Jewish family in a shtetl called Yzeran, in southeast Poland. He was the son of Etta and Jacob Kubert and he emigrated to Brooklyn, New York City, United States, at age two months with his parents and his two-and-a-half-year-old sister Ida. Raised in the East New York neighborhood, the son of a butcher, Kubert started drawing at an early age. In his introduction to his graphic novel Yossel, Kubert wrote, in 1938, that was a lot of money. Kubert attended Manhattans High School of Music and Art, during this time he and classmate Norman Maurer, a future collaborator, would sometimes skip school in order to see publishers. Kubert began honing his craft at the Chesler studio, one of the comic-book packagers that had sprung up in the early days to supply outsourced comics to publishers. Kuberts first known professional job was penciling and inking the six-page story Black-Out, starring the character Volton and he would continuing drawing the feature for the next three issues, and was soon doing similar work for Fox Comics Blue Beetle. Throughout the decade, Kuberts art would appear in comics from Fiction House, Avon, and Harvey Comics, Kuberts long association with the Hawkman character began with the story The Painter and the $100,000 in Flash Comics #62. Kubert drew several Hawkman stories in that title as well as in All Star Comics and he and Irwin Hasen drew the debut of the Injustice Society in All Star Comics #37 in a tale written by Robert Kanigher. The Kanigher/Kubert team created the Thorn in issue Flash Comics #89, according to Kubert, it sold a remarkable 1.2 million copies at 25 cents apiece at a time when comics cost a dime. At St. John, writer Norman Maurer and artist Kubert created the enduring character Tor, Tor immediately went on to star in 3-D Comics #2-3, followed by a titular, traditionally 2-D comic-book series, written and drawn by Joe Kubert, that premiered with issue #3. The character has appeared in series from Eclipse Comics, Marvel Comics Epic imprint. Kubert in the late 1950s unsuccessfully attempted to sell Tor as a comic strip. The Tor samples consisted of 12 daily strips, reprinted in six pages in Alter Ego vol.3 #10 and he contributed work to Avon Periodicals, where he did science-fiction stories for Strange Worlds and other titles. For EC Comics, Kubert drew a few stories for Harvey Kurtzmans Two-Fisted Tales alongside EC stalwarts Wally Wood, Jack Davis, and John Severin
10. Jerry Robinson – Sherrill David Robinson, known as Jerry Robinson, was an American comic book artist known for his work on DC Comics Batman line of comics during the 1940s. He is best known as the co-creator of Robin and the Joker and he was inducted into the Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2004. Jerry Robinson was born in Trenton, New Jersey, the son of Mae and he was of Russian Jewish descent. He attended Columbia University, but did not graduate, Robinson was a 17-year-old journalism student at Columbia University in 1939 when he was discovered by Batman creator Bob Kane, who hired him to work on that fledgling comic as an inker and letterer. Kane, with writer Bill Finger, had shortly before created the character Batman for National Comics, Robinson rented a room from a family in The Bronx near Kanes familys Grand Concourse apartment, where Kane used his bedroom as an art studio. He started as a letterer and an inker, shortly graduating to inking secondary figures. Within a year, he became Batmans primary inker, with George Roussos inking backgrounds, Batman quickly became a hit character, and Kane rented space for Robinson and Roussos in Times Squares Times Tower. In addition to Batman, Robinson and Roussos did inks and backgrounds on Target, Roussos recounted of his collaboration with Robinson, It was hard to make the deadlines, because Jerry was a heavy sleeper. I used to have to go to the Bronx to get him to come to work, id go and wake him up 2 oclock in the afternoon so we could work all night. We were committed to do about 13 pages a week, Jerry was always behind - he was always whiting out things and re-inking them. Bobs stuff was so sketchy, Jerry had to do a lot of work, approximately a year and a half after Robinson, Roussos, and Finger were hired by Kane, National Comics lured them away, making them company staffers. By early 1940, Kane and Finger discussed adding a sidekick, Robinson suggested the name Robin after Robin Hood books he had read during boyhood, saying that he was inspired by one books N. C. The new character, orphaned circus performer Dick Grayson, came to live with Bruce Wayne as his ward in Detective Comics #38. Robin would inspire many similar sidekicks throughout the remainder of the Golden Age of Comic Books, Batmans nemesis, the Joker, was introduced around the same time, in Batman #1. Credit for that characters creation, however, is disputed, Robinson has said he created the character. In 1943, when Kane left the Batman comic books to focus on penciling the daily Batman newspaper comic strip, only Kanes name appeared on the strip. From 1944 to 1946, Robinson and his friend Meskin formed a studio which produced material for the short-lived Spark Publications, Robinson worked on numerous other characters for several publishers, at one point doing freelance illustrations for a textbook publisher. After leaving superhero comics, he became a newspaper cartoonist and created True Classroom Flubs and Fluffs, Robinson also did a political satire cartoon panel feature, Still Life which began national syndication on June 3,1963