Category:Boulder Victory-class cargo ships
Pages in category "Boulder Victory-class cargo ships"
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. SS Red Oak Victory – SS Red Oak Victory is a U. S. military Victory ship of the Boulder Victory-class cargo ship used in the Second World War. She was preserved to serve as a ship in Richmond, California. She was one of 534 Victories built during World War II and she was named after Red Oak, Iowa, which suffered a disproportionate number of casualties in early World War II battles. The ship was active during World War II, the Korean War, Red Oak Victory was built by the Permanente Metals Corporations Richmond Number 1 Yard in Richmond, California and launched on 9 November 1944. Victory ships were not intended to be lasting, but the welds of the Red Oak Victory are still intact after 60 years. The ship is 455 feet in length, and armed with one five-inch/38 caliber gun, one three-inch/50 caliber gun, the ship was acquired by the United States Navy on 5 December 1944 and commissioned the same day as USS Red Oak Victory. Following a fitting-out period, Red Oak Victory was loaded with cargo, Red Oak Victory departed Hawaii on 10 February loaded with munitions needed in the Marshall and Caroline islands. Sent onward from Enewetak, she arrived in Ulithi on 28 February, operating out of the Philippines, she issued cargo and ammunition to various ships in the fleet through the end of the war in August 1945. During a hazardous tour of duty in the Pacific, Red Oak Victory handled many tons of ammunition, Red Oak Victory was decommissioned in 1946 and returned to the U. S. Maritime Commission. Red Oak Victory was used by the Luckenbach Steamship Company from 1947 through the 1950s, during which time the vessel went to Japan, Korea, Cuba, Pakistan, India, Singapore and Japan again. From 1968 until 1998, she was laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet in Suisun Bay, doomed to be scrapped, Red Oak Victory came to the attention of the Richmond Museum Association in 1993. In 1996 Congress passed legislation authorizing the conveyance of the ship to the Museum Association, Red Oak Victory was turned over to the Richmond Museum of History and returned to a new home in Richmond on 20 September 1998. She is being restored and operated by the Richmond Museum of History, National Register of Historic Places listings in Contra Costa County, California This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form / S. S. SS Red Oak Victory website Red Oak Victory Historic Naval Ships Association Historic American Engineering Record No, cA-326-F, Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park, SS RED OAK VICTORY, Moored at end of Dornan Drive, Pt. Richmond, Richmond, Contra Costa County, CA
2. USS Boulder Victory (AK-227) – USS Boulder Victory was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship acquired by the US Navy during World War II. She carried ammunition into the Pacific Ocean war zone and, on 20 December 1944 at Manus, New Guinea, she struck a naval mine, Boulder Victory was laid down on 18 June 1944, at Richmond, California, by Permanente Metals Corporation, Yard No. On 17 October, the newly commissioned cargo ship sailed to San Francisco, California and her holds were filled by 2 November, and Boulder Victory got underway for the western Pacific. Boulder Victory received orders to transfer ammunition between these bases as needed and she made port at Eniwetok on 17 November to refuel, entered the lagoon at Ulithi on 30 November, and reached Kossol Passage on 8 December. Floating mines from that island were a constant danger, on 20 December, as Boulder Victory set out for Manus, she struck one of those mines on her port side. The explosion tore a hole in her No.3 hold that measured 18 by 32 ft, the hold contained 5-inch projectiles, but the fires started by the explosion were extinguished by the rapid rush of seawater into the space. As a consequence, only two shells exploded, leaving two 16-inch holes in the skin of the ship, Boulder Victory remained afloat, although low in the water, and, after emergency repairs to the engines, managed to get into Palau again on her own power. Her crew suffered no casualties, but the damage to the ship was so severe that her wartime operations ended, the cargo ship remained anchored at Kossol Passage unloading ammunition and cleaning debris from the hold until 8 February 1945. She then slowly steamed to Manus to unload the remainder of her cargo, finally, on 13 June, Boulder Victorys temporary repairs made her seaworthy again, and she set course via Pearl Harbor for San Francisco. On 30 June, the ship began an overhaul by United Engineering Company at Alameda, California. Boulder Victory was still in overhaul when the Japanese capitulated in August, but, on 1 September and she got underway on 10 October, to carry supplies to the occupation troops in Japan. After a refueling stop at Eniwetok, Boulder Victory continued on to Okinawa where she arrived on 30 October and she unloaded her cargo and embarked returning veterans. On 10 November, she set sail for the United States, after discharging her passengers, the ship sailed for San Francisco, where she commenced demilitarization on 5 December and was returned to the War Shipping Administration on 4 January 1946. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 21 January 1946, during 1946 and 1947, Boulder Victory was operated by Parry Navigation Company, Inc. She was then inactivated and laid up at Wilmington, North Carolina, until 1951, on 29 October 1953, she was transferred to the National Defense Reserve Fleet, at Suisun Bay, California. On 20 May 1957, American President Lines removed Boulder Victory so that the University of California could conduct thermal stress tests on her and she was returned 3 September 1957. She was removed 1 December 1983, for scrapping by C. J. W and she was scrapped in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, between 1983 and 1984
3. USS Bucyrus Victory (AK-234) – USS Bucyrus Victory was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship acquired by the U. S. Navy during World War II. She served in the Pacific Ocean theatre of operations through the end of the war, earning one battle star and that exigency also precluded conversion work and limited her fitting out and shakedown periods to the absolute minimum. She completed shakedown training during the week in December, loaded cargo at Port Hueneme, California. The cargo ship arrived in Pearl Harbor on 3 January 1945, while at Pearl Harbor, Bucyrus Victory put to sea on the 9th in company with USS Texas to test the feasibility of transferring ammunition to large warships while at sea. Soon after the conclusion of that experiment, the cargo carrier headed back to the U. S. West Coast, arriving in San Francisco, California, on 20 January, after about a month, she moved to Port Chicago, California, to load ammunition bound for the western Pacific. Bucyrus Victory departed Port Chicago on 18 February, steaming independently by way of Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands, she arrived in the lagoon at Ulithi Atoll in the Eastern Caroline Islands on 8 March. There, she reported for duty to the Commander, Service Squadron 10. In company with other ships, Bucyrus Victory put to sea on 24 March to join Task Group 50.8. She steamed in company with that organization until ordered to Kerama Retto on 1 April. The ship entered the two days later and spent the next week distributing ammunition to various units of the fleet. Though enemy air attacks interrupted her work and sometimes stopped it altogether, Bucyrus Victory suffered no damage and she returned to sea on 11 April and rejoined Task Group 50.8 briefly before parting company with the replenishment group in accordance with orders directing her to Ulithi. There, the took on Okinawa-bound supplies—primarily ammunition for units of the U. S. 5th Fleet—before leaving Ulithi at the end of April. She pulled into Kerama Retto again on 3 May and resumed the work of distributing ammunition among the assembled ships. Bucyrus Victorys second tour of duty at Kerama Retto lasted a fortnight and those nuisances, however, did not prevent Bucyrus Victory from accomplishing her mission. On 17 May, she emerged unscathed from the anchorage and rejoined Task Group 50.8 in the holding area 24 hours steaming time to the east of Okinawa, a few days thereafter, the ersatz ammunition ship headed back to Ulithi. She remained at Ulithi until 4 June at which time she got underway for the Philippine Islands, from mid-June to late September, Bucyrus Victory lay at anchor in San Pedro Bay off Leyte receiving and storing ammunition. After the Japanese capitulation, her mission changed to one of providing support for the forces in the Far East
4. USS Lakewood Victory (AK-236) – USS Lakewood Victory was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship acquired by the U. S. Navy during World War II. She served in the Pacific Ocean theatre of operations through the end of the war, after shakedown, Lakewood Victory departed San Francisco, California,18 January 1945 loaded with a cargo of ammunition, booms, and aircraft. Steaming via Pearl Harbor and Eniwetok, she reached the Mariana Islands in convoy 19 February and supplied combat ships with shells, departing Saipan the 26th, she headed for Iwo Jima with Task Group 50.8. While the battle for Iwo Jima raged, she arrived the 28th and began supplying cruisers, destroyers and she continued discharging her cargo until 8 March, then she sailed for the western Caroline Islands, arriving Ulithi the 11th. On 3 April Lakewood Victory cleared Ulithi for logistics support operations off Okinawa, after reaching Kerama Retto 13 April, she supplied waiting destroyers, LSTs, and smaller landing craft with explosive cargo. She was the target of multiple Japanese Zero kamikaze attacks which war thwarted when American Destroyers and her crew worked under cover of protective smoke to transfer ammunition before sailing 23 April for Ulithi, where she arrived the 28th. Lakewood Victory sailed 20 May for the New Hebrides, steaming via Manus, Admiralty Islands, she reached Espiritu Santo 28 May, loaded ammunition and fog oil, and departed 19 June for Leyte. She arrived San Pedro Bay the 28th and operated off Leyte for more than 2 months, after the Japanese surrender, she returned to the United States via the Mariana Islands and Pearl Harbor, arriving Puget Sound, Washington,8 October. After unloading her cargo, she sailed for the western Pacific Ocean 18 November, from 6 December to 2 March 1946 she loaded ammunition at Guam and Saipan. Returning to San Francisco 15 March, Lakewood Victory decommissioned 16 May and was turned over to the War Shipping Administration. Final disposition, sold for scrapping,9 August 1993, to California Import Export Inc. for $368,512, Lakewood Victory received two battle stars for World War II service. Lakewood Victoryalso earned the American Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, World War II Victory Medal and this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here, navSource Online, Service Ship Photo Archive - AK-236 Lakewood Victory
5. USS Las Vegas Victory (AK-229) – USS Las Vegas Victory was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship acquired by the U. S. Navy during World War II. She served in the Pacific Ocean theatre of operations through the end of the war earning one battle star, Las Vegas Victory departed Astoria, Oregon,26 November for the Pacific islands. Sailing via Eniwetok and Ulithi, the ship arrived Kossol Passage, Palau Islands,31 December. Departing Ulithi 25 March, she sailed for the rendezvous with units heading for Okinawa, making her way through submarine infested waters, the cargo ship arrived off Okinawa on the 31st, and replenished two escort carriers with ammunition. On 1 April the invasion of Okinawa started the removal of the last barrier “on the road to Japan. ”Under constant attack by Japanese suicide pilots, Las Vegas Victory passed ammunition to battleships, aircraft carriers, destroyers, and LCT’s until late May. Arriving San Pedro, Leyte,10 June, she loaded more ammunition, upon her arrival 1 week later, she was assigned to the Pacific Service Force. Las Vegas Victory supported American forces in the Pacific Ocean until 7 November when she departed Eniwetok for the United States and she entered the National Defense Reserve Fleet and at present is berthed at Puget Sound, Washington. As of 25 February 2010, PMARS contact administrator advised that the USS Las Vegas Victory was sold for scrap in 1993 and is no longer berthed at any U. S. Naval Shipyard, Las Vegas Victory received one battle star for World War II service. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, the entry can be found here. NavSource Online, Service Ship Photo Archive - AK-229 Las Vegas Victory
6. USNS Lt. George W. G. Boyce (T-AK-251) – USNS Lt. George W. G. Boyce was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship built for the U. S. Maritime Commission during the final months of World War II. She was acquired by the U. S. Army in 1946 as USAT Lt. George W. G. Boyce, after serving the Navy during the war and earning four battle stars, she continued serving the Navys needs until 1973 when she was struck and subsequently scrapped. Lt. George W. G. Boyce was laid down as Waterville Victory under Maritime Commission contract by Bethlehem Fairfield Shipyard, Inc. Baltimore, Maryland,13 July 1945, launched 19 September 1945, sponsored by Mrs. Christine M. Roundy, and delivered to her operator, Parry Navigation Co. Waterville Victory operated under the control of the War Shipping Administration until July 1946 when she was transferred to the Army Transportation Service and she was inactivated in February 1950 and entered the Maritime Commission Reserve Fleet at Olympia, Washington. Following the Communist invasion of South Korea in June 1950, Lt. George W. G. Boyce underwent reactivation and she was acquired by the Navy from the Maritime Commission on 9 August and assigned to the Military Sea Transportation Service. Manned by a crew, she departed Seattle, Washington,29 September. During much of the period in the Korean War, she bolstered the seaborne supply line between the United States and the Far East carrying supplies to ports in Japan, South Korea, Formosa, in addition she supplied American bases in the Aleutian Islands. On 25 January 1954 Lt. George W. G. Boyce departed Bangor, Washington and she steamed via San Juan, Puerto Rico, to ports in West Germany and France, thence returned to New York City 30 March. During May and June she expanded her scope of operations to include ports in the Mediterranean, over the next 6 years she maintained a busy, wide-ranging schedule of supply runs in support of the defense of the United States and the free world. In addition to numerous transatlantic voyages to ports in western Europe, in August and September 1957 and again in 1958 she made logistics runs to the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. And she operated in the eastern Mediterranean during the summer of 1958 following American peacekeeping operations in troubled Lebanon, departing New York 14 January 1960, Lt. George W. C. Boyce sailed on a 6-month, round the world deployment which sent her via the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean to ports in South Vietnam, Formosa, South Korea, Japan, and the Philippine Islands. Thence, after touching American bases in the Mariana Islands and the Marshall Islands, East Coast 29 June and resumed transatlantic service. The veteran cargo ship made a run to the Far East and back later that year. During the next 2 years she cruised primarily to the Mediterranean and Europe with additional assignments sending her to the Caribbean, from September 1963 to February 1964, she steamed via the west coast to the Far East and back to supply American forces in that unsettled area. She resumed transatlantic runs in April and In December deployed once again to the Far East, since 1964 Lt. George W. G. Her role In the defense of the world is truly worldwide in scope and she cruised wherever and whenever needed to support keeping the peace operations of the versatile
7. USS Manderson Victory (AK-230) – USS Manderson Victory was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship acquired by the U. S. Navy during World War II. She served in the Pacific Ocean theatre of operations through the end of the war, earning one battle star, Manderson Victory was laid down 4 July 1944 by Permanente Metals Corporation, Yard No. After shakedown off San Pedro, California, Manderson Victory loaded ammunition and planes on board and sailed for Hawaii 5 December to join Service Squadron 10 and she arrived Pearl Harbor 11 December. Discharging her cargo of planes, Manderson Victory departed for the Caroline Islands and she transported ammunition in the western Pacific Ocean into June 1945, with two voyages to the Ryukyu Islands from 28 March to 17 June 1945 during the assault and occupation of Okinawa. Departing Ulithi for the Philippine Islands 19 June 1945, the ship arrived San Pedro Bay in the Philippine Islands 22 June. On 3 November Manderson Victory left for the United States, arriving Seattle and she continued on to the U. S. East Coast 17 February 1946 via the Panama Canal and Puerto Rico, Manderson Victory decommissioned 10 May 1946 and was returned to the War Shipping Administration the same day. She entered the Maritime Commission National Defense Reserve Fleet at James River Group, in July 1966 Manderson Victory was leased under General Agency Agreement to Farrell Lines, Inc. New York, New York, for service as a freighter, Manderson Victory received one battle star for World War II service. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, the entry can be found here. NavSource Online, Service Ship Photo Archive - AK-230 Manderson Victory
8. USS Mayfield Victory (AK-232) – USS Mayfield Victory was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship acquired by the U. S. Navy during World War II. She served in the Pacific Ocean theatre of operations through the end of the war, Mayfield Victory was laid down under U. S. Comdr. Niels H. Olsen, USNR, in command and she arrived Pearl Harbor 1 January 1945 to unload her cargo and 15 days later returned to the U. S. West Coast, arriving San Francisco, California,22 January, Mayfield Victory departed San Francisco 11 February for the Caroline Islands, via Eniwetok, the Marshall Islands, arriving Ulithi 3 March. The cargo ship spent 4 weeks in the area, operating with Task Group 50.8 until 23 April when she anchored in Kerama Retto, during the latter period Mayfield Victory continually issued ammunition, often under direct enemy air attack. On 14 May Mayfield Victory steamed for Ulithi, arriving the 21st, four days later she continued on to the Philippine Islands for a 30-day stopover at Leyte. The ship then returned to Kerama Retto 1 July, on 8 July she moved to Buckner Bay, Okinawa, where she remained on supply duty until late October. On 25 October Mayfield Victory got underway for home, stopping at Seattle, Washington and she decommissioned 5 April 1946 and was delivered to the War Shipping Administration for U. S. Maritime Commission service into 1969 as a freighter operated by American Mail Line, Ltd. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, the entry can be found here. NavSource Online, Service Ship Photo Archive - AK-232 Mayfield Victory
9. USNS Private Francis X. McGraw (T-AK-241) – USNS Private Francis X. McGraw was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship built at the end of World War II and served the war and its demilitarization as a commercial cargo vessel. From 1946 to 1950 she served the U. S. Army as a transport named USAT Private Francis X. McGraw, in 1950 she was acquired by the United States Navy and assigned to the Military Sea Transportation Service. In 1974 she ended her career and was scrapped, operated by the Interocean Steamship Company under General Agency Agreement, Wabash Victory carried cargo and passengers to Eniwetok, Ulithi, and Okinawa and, from there, back to the U. S. West Coast between 8 August and 3 November 1945, employed along the Oregon and California coasts for the next four months, she transited the Panama Canal in mid-March 1946, then headed across the Atlantic Ocean to France. On the 28th, she arrived at Le Havre to begin transporting men, two and a half months later, on 14 June 1946, she was transferred to the U. S. War Department but continued her runs as an Army transport. Renamed Private Francis X. McGraw,31 October 1947, the Victory ship remained a unit of the Army Transportation Service until 1 March 1950. Since that time, Private Francis X. McGraw, manned by a service crew, carried supplies and equipment to far flung ports for MSTS. Pacific assignments have included delivery of weapons to Okinawa in 1965. The vessel was decommissioned and struck from the Navy List at unknown dates and she was transferred to the U. S. Maritime Administration on 8 May 1974 and was sold for scrapping on 21 August 1974. The entry can be found here, Francis X. McGraw – ex - USAT Pvt
10. USNS Private Joe E. Mann (T-AK-253) – USNS Private Joe E. Mann was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship acquired in 1950 from the U. S. Army where it was known as the USAT Private Joe E. Mann. In 1960, the Navy converted the ship to a Longview-class missile range instrumentation ship, Richfield served on the Pacific Missile Range, based out of California, and was placed out of service in 1968. A month and a half after delivery, Owensboro Victory departed San Francisco, California, carrying cargo, in December, she sailed for the United States, via the Suez Canal, and arrived Boston, Massachusetts,7 February 1946. Shifting to New York City the following month, she made runs to European ports until returned to the U. S. Maritime Commission in September for transfer to the Army Transportation Service. Renamed USAT Private Joe E. Mann,31 October 1947, she served the Army until she was returned to the Maritime Commission. Designated AK–253, the Victory ship was manned by a service crew. Then fitted out as a range instrumentation ship, she was reassigned by MSTS to the Pacific Missile Range. Renamed and reclassified USNS Richfield on 27 November 1960, she operated off the California coast, richfield’s subsequent fate is not known. Missile Range Instrumentation Ship This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, the entry can be found here. NavSource Online, Service Ship Photo Archive - T-AK-253 Private Joe E. Mann - T- AGM-4 Richfield