Category:British companies established in 1904
- British companies, corporations or businesses established in the year 1904.
1. Birmingham Corporation Tramways – Birmingham Corporation Tramways operated a network of tramways in Birmingham from 1904 until 1953. It was the largest narrow-gauge tramway network in the UK, built to a gauge of 3 ft 6 inches and it was the largest tramway network in the UK after London, Glasgow and Manchester. There were a total of 843 trams,20 depots,45 main routes, Birmingham Corporation built all the tramways and leased the track to various companies. Birmingham was a pioneer in the development of reserved trackways which served the areas as the city grew in the 1920s and 1930s. The first trams operated in Birmingham from 1872, and the network expanded throughout the late 19th Century, initially these were horse and steam operated, the first electric trams operated from 1901. It wasnt until 1904 that the Birmingham Corporation took advantage of new legislation, by 1912, the Corporation had taken over all of the privately operated lines, it also took over other district tramways as the city boundaries were expanded. BCT continued to expand the network into a system. The last new route to Stechford was opened in 1928, decline set in during the 1930s, when several tram lines were converted to trolleybus operation, as this was seen as being a more economic option than replacing worn out track and rolling stock. Several of the least used lines were abandoned, and replaced by diesel buses. Reflecting the fact that it now operated buses and trolleybuses as well as trams, however, most of the tram network remained in operation until large scale closures began in 1947. The last three lines to Short Heath, Pype Hayes and Erdington were closed simultaneously on 4 July 1953. Trams returned to Birmingham city centre on 6 December 2015, after a 62-year gap,18 October 18 October 1927, name changed to Birmingham Corporation Tramway and Omnibus Department. 9 November 1937, name changed to Birmingham City Transport. M. T. C. J, works Washwood Heath Depot, opened 1907, converted to motorbus use 1 October 1950 West Smethwick Depot Witton Depot, acquired 1912. Until 2011, Aston Manor Road Transport Museum Vehicle 107 under restoration at Aston Manor Road Transport Museum Vehicle 395 rescued by City of Birmingham Museums, restored in 1953 and presented to Birmingham Science Museum. Now preserved in Thinktank, Birmingham Science Museum One preserved at Crich Tramway Museum Moseley Road Depot - Grade II listed, selly Oak Depot, Harborne Lane - now Storage Units. Witton Depot Silver Street, Kings Heath - now International Stock Miller Street - First Corporation built depot, used for buses until the 1950s. Steam Tram coke yard,1899 - Stratford Road/ College Road junction, gillham, Light Railway Transport League 1st edition 1940 and 2nd edition 1944 The ABC of Birmingham City transport. A Camwell, Ian Allan 1950 City of Birmingham Transport Department, 1904-1954, Brochure to commemorate the undertakings jubilee, Birmingham Transport Committee 1954 The demise of Birminghams Trams, Gordon P. J. Publications1971 ISBN 0-9502035-0-5 Birmingham, R. J. S
2. Rover Company – Rover is a former British car manufacturing company founded as Starley & Sutton Co. of Coventry in 1878. It is the ancestor of the present day Land Rover marque. The company traded as Rover, manufacturing cars between 1904 and 1967, when it was sold to Leyland Motor Corporation, becoming the Rover marque. Following MG Rovers collapse in 2005, the Rover marque became dormant, and was sold by BMW to Ford. The rights to the Rover brand were transferred along with the Jaguar Cars and Land Rover businesses, after developing the template for the modern bicycle with its Rover Safety Bicycle of 1885, the company moved into the automotive industry. It started building motorcycles and Rover cars, using their established marque with the iconic Viking Longship, Land Rover vehicles were added from 1948 onwards, with all production moving to the Solihull plant after World War II. The Polish word now most commonly used for bicycle – rower originates from Rover bicycles which had wheels of the same size. The first Rover was a tricycle manufactured by Starley & Sutton Co. of Coventry, England, the company was founded by John Kemp Starley and William Sutton in 1878. Starley had previously worked with his uncle, James Starley, who began by manufacturing sewing machines, in the early 1880s, the cycles available were the relatively dangerous penny-farthings and high-wheel tricycles. Starley made history in 1885 by producing the Rover Safety Bicycle—a rear-wheel-drive, cycling Magazine said the Rover had set the pattern to the world, the phrase was used in their advertising for many years. Starleys Rover is usually described by historians as the first recognisably modern bicycle, the words for bicycle in Polish and Belarusian are derived from the name of the company. The word ровер is also used in parts of Western Ukraine. In 1889, the company became J. K, Starley & Co. Ltd. and in the late 1890s, the Rover Cycle Company Ltd. In 1899 John Starley imported some of the early Peugeot motorcycles from France in for experimental development and his first project was to fit an engine to one of his Rover bicycles. Starley died early in October 1901 aged 46 and the business was taken over by entrepreneur H. J. Lawson, the company developed and produced the Rover Imperial motorcycle in November 1902. This was a 3.5 hp diamond-framed motorcycle with the engine in the centre and this first Rover motorcycle had innovative features such as a spray carburettor, bottom-bracket engine and mechanically operated valves. With a strong frame with double front down tubes and a quality finish. It had a Brown and Barlow carburettor and Druid spring forks and this new model was launched at the 1910 Olympia show and over 500 were sold
3. Manchester University Press – Manchester University Press is the university press of the University of Manchester, England and a publisher of academic books and journals. Manchester University Press has developed into an international publisher and it maintains its links with the University. Manchester University Press publishes monographs and textbooks for teaching in higher education. It produces around 140 new books annually, areas of expertise are history, politics and international law, literature and theatre studies, and visual culture. MUP has been involved in open access publishing for several years. It is one of thirteen publishers to participate in the Knowledge Unlatched pilot, MUP was founded in 1904, initially to publish academic research being undertaken at the Victoria University of Manchester. The office was accommodated in a house in Lime Grove, distribution was then in the hands of Sherratt & Hughes of Manchester, from 1913 the distributors were Longmans, Green & Co. though this arrangement came to an end in the 1930s. MUP was founded by James Tait and his successor was Thomas Tout and between them they were in charge for the first 20 years of the Presss existence. H. M. McKechnie was secretary to the press from 1912 to 1949, the MUP offices moved several times to make way for other developments within the university. Since 1951 these have been Grove House, Oxford Road, then the former Dental Hospital and thirdly the Old Medical School
4. Wilsons of Epsom – Wilsons of Epsom are a large car and van franchise dealership and supermarket based in Epsom, Surrey. The company was established in 1904 by Howard Wilson and it is the biggest car supermarket in Surrey selling new and used cars from brands Abarth, Citroën, Dacia. Fiat, Nissan, Peugeot, Renault and Vauxhall, the company started life as a driving school in 1904. Originally known as the Wilsons Group, the idea for a school came about when Howard Wilson and his wife Florence Wilson purchased a car. Friends and neighbours grew envious of their new horseless carriage that they were driving, as a result, Howard and Florence started the driving school. During World War I, the school was used to teach Australian. In 1946 Wilsons had the largest self-drive car fleet in the UK with most of the Wilsons own children taught to drive as young as five, in the 1950s, Tony Wilson taught children to drive at school as part of a road safety campaign. Wilsons became an authorised Renault dealer in 1953 – one of the first in the UK, dealerships for Citroën, Dacia, Fiat, Nissan, Peugeot and Vauxhall have been added since. Wilsons started the first global Motorhome sales centre in 1958 and became the largest global motorhome dealership throughout the 1960s and 70s trading as Wilsons Caravan Centre. Over 2,000 motorhomes were sold each year from Brixton and Clapham in London, Epsom in Surrey, Bradford in Yorkshire, clientele even included celebrities such as Steve McQueen, Graham Hill and Jackie Stewart. Wilsons also sells approved used and used cars from other car brands with over 1,000 new, the company operates a Motability scheme for those that are eligible for the Higher Rate Component of the Disability Living Allowance or the War Pensioners Motability Supplement. Wilsons operates others brands including Loads of Vans based in Cheam, other automotive services including MOT, renting, servicing and bodyshop repairs are provided by the company. Today, Wilsons employs more than 200 people and sells around 9500 cars a year, the company is still managed by the fourth generation of the Wilson family. Wilsons of Epsom Wilsons of Epsom Twitter Profile Wilsons of Epsom Facebook Profile Wilsons of Epsom Pinterest Profile Wilsons of Epsom Instagram Profile Template, GreaterLondon-stub