Category:Burials at Oahu Cemetery
Pages in category "Burials at Oahu Cemetery"
The following 56 pages are in this category, out of 56 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 56 pages are in this category, out of 56 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Honolulu – Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U. S. state of Hawaii. It is an part of and the county seat of the City and County of Honolulu on the island of Oahu. The city is the gateway to Hawaii and a major portal into the United States. The city is also a hub for international business, military defense, as well as famously being host to a diverse variety of east-west and Pacific culture, cuisine. Honolulu is the most remote city of its size in the world and is both the westernmost and the southernmost major U. S. city. For statistical purposes, the U. S. Census Bureau recognizes the area commonly referred to as City of Honolulu as a census county division. Honolulu is a financial center of the islands and of the Pacific Ocean. The population of the city of Honolulu was 337,256 as of the 2010 census, while the Honolulu CCD was 390,738, Honolulu means sheltered harbor or calm port. The old name is said to be Kou, a district encompassing the area from Nuuanu Avenue to Alakea Street. The city has been the capital of the Hawaiian Islands since 1845, as of 2015, Honolulu was ranked high on world livability rankings, and was also ranked as the 2nd safest city in the U. S. It is also the most populated Oceanian city outside Australasia and ranks second to Auckland as the most populous city in Polynesia, evidence of the first settlement of Honolulu by the original Polynesian migrants to the archipelago comes from oral histories and artifacts. These indicate that there was a settlement where Honolulu now stands in the 11th century, however, after Kamehameha I conquered Oʻahu in the Battle of Nuʻuanu at Nuʻuanu Pali, he moved his royal court from the Island of Hawaiʻi to Waikīkī in 1804. His court relocated in 1809 to what is now downtown Honolulu, the capital was moved back to Kailua-Kona in 1812. In 1794, Captain William Brown of Great Britain was the first foreigner to sail into what is now Honolulu Harbor, more foreign ships followed, making the port of Honolulu a focal point for merchant ships traveling between North America and Asia. In 1845, Kamehameha III moved the permanent capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom from Lahaina on Maui to Honolulu and he and the kings that followed him transformed Honolulu into a modern capital, erecting buildings such as St. Andrews Cathedral, ʻIolani Palace, and Aliʻiōlani Hale. At the same time, Honolulu became the center of commerce in the islands, an economic and tourism boom following statehood brought rapid economic growth to Honolulu and Hawaiʻi. Modern air travel brings, as of 2007,7.6 million visitors annually to the islands, today, Honolulu is a modern city with numerous high-rise buildings, and Waikīkī is the center of the tourism industry in Hawaiʻi, with thousands of hotel rooms. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has an area of 68.4 square miles
2. Hawaii – Hawaii is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States of America, having received statehood on August 21,1959. Hawaii is the only U. S. state located in Oceania and it is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean. Hawaii is the only U. S. state not located in the Americas, the state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian archipelago, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles. At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight main islands are—in order from northwest to southeast, Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Maui, and the Island of Hawaiʻi. The last is the largest island in the group, it is called the Big Island or Hawaiʻi Island to avoid confusion with the state or archipelago. The archipelago is physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania, Hawaii has over a million permanent residents, along with many visitors and U. S. military personnel. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu, Hawaii is the 8th-smallest and the 11th-least populous, but the 13th-most densely populated of the fifty U. S. states. It is the state with an Asian plurality. The states coastline is about 750 miles long, the fourth longest in the U. S. after the coastlines of Alaska, Florida, the state of Hawaii derives its name from the name of its largest island, Hawaiʻi. A common Hawaiian explanation of the name of Hawaiʻi is that was named for Hawaiʻiloa and he is said to have discovered the islands when they were first settled. The Hawaiian language word Hawaiʻi is very similar to Proto-Polynesian *Sawaiki, cognates of Hawaiʻi are found in other Polynesian languages, including Māori, Rarotongan and Samoan. According to linguists Pukui and Elbert, lsewhere in Polynesia, Hawaiʻi or a cognate is the name of the underworld or of the home, but in Hawaii. A somewhat divisive political issue arose in 1978 when the Constitution of the State of Hawaii added Hawaiian as an official state language. The title of the constitution is The Constitution of the State of Hawaii. Article XV, Section 1 of the Constitution uses The State of Hawaii, diacritics were not used because the document, drafted in 1949, predates the use of the okina and the kahakō in modern Hawaiian orthography. The exact spelling of the name in the Hawaiian language is Hawaiʻi. In the Hawaii Admission Act that granted Hawaiian statehood, the government recognized Hawaii as the official state name. Official government publications, department and office titles, and the Seal of Hawaii use the spelling with no symbols for glottal stops or vowel length
3. Alexander Cartwright – Alexander Alick Joy Cartwright Jr. is referred to as a father of baseball. With the myth of Abner Doubleday inventing baseball debunked, Cartwright was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame as a pioneering contributor 46 years after his death, Cartwright was born in 1820 to Alexander Cartwright, Sr. a merchant sea captain, and Esther Rebecca Burlock Cartwright. He first worked at the age of 16 in 1836 as a clerk for a Wall Street broker, later doing clerical work at the Union Bank of New York, after hours, he played bat-and-ball games in the streets of Manhattan with volunteer firefighters. Cartwright himself was a volunteer, first with Oceana Hose Company No,36, and then Knickerbocker Engine Company No.12. Cartwrights ancestor Edward Cartwright immigrated from Devonshire, England to New England around 1661, Cartwright married Eliza Van Wie, from Albany, on June 2,1842. A fire destroyed the Union Bank in 1845, forcing Cartwright to find other work and he became a bookseller with his brother, Alfred. Cartwright led the establishment of the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club in 1842, in 1845, Cartwright and a committee from his club drew up rules converting this playground game into a more elaborate and interesting sport to be played by adults. The major precepts included the stipulations that foul territories were to be introduced for the first time, Cartwright is also erroneously credited for introducing flat bases at uniform distances, three strikes per batter, and nine players in the outfield. Wheaton for the Gotham Club in 1837, Baseball historian Jeffrey Kittel has concluded that none of the Knickerbocker Rules of 1845 was original, with the possible exception of three-out innings. As MLBs Official Historian John Thorn wrote, Cartwright has a plaque in the Baseball Hall of Fame on which word of substance is false. Alex Cartwright did not set the paths at ninety feet. The first clearly documented match between two clubs under these rules took place on June 19,1846, at Elysian Fields in Hoboken. In this match, the Knickerbockers lost to the New York Nine by a score of 23 to 1, some authors have also questioned the supposed first game under the new rules. The Knickerbockers scorebook shows intra-club games during 1845, the New York Base Ball Club played at least three games against a Brooklyn club in 1845 also, but the rules used are unknown. Those who have studied the score-book have concluded that the differences in the games of 1845 and 1846, in 1849, Cartwright headed to California for the gold rush, and then continued on to work and live in the Kingdom of Hawaii. His family came to him in 1851, wife Eliza Van Wie, son DeWitt, daughter Mary. In Hawaii, sons Bruce Cartwright and Alexander Joy Cartwright III were born, also, she states that during Cartwrights lifetime he was not declared or documented as an originator of baseball in Hawaii. Cartwright served as chief of Honolulu from 1850 through June 30,1863
4. Samuel C. Damon – Samuel Chenery Damon was a missionary to Hawaii, pastor of the Seamens Bethel Church, chaplain of the Honolulu American Seamens Friend Society and editor of the monthly newspaper The Friend. Samuel Chenery Damon, son of Colonel Samuel Damon and Alony Chenery, was born in Holden and he graduated from Amherst College in 1836, studied at Princeton Theological Seminary in 1838-39, and graduated from Andover Theological Seminary in 1841. Before studying for the ministry, he was for a principal of the academy at Salisbury, Connecticut. He married Julia Sherman Mills in Natick, Massachusetts on October 6,1841 and she was daughter of Samuel John Mills, a minister who took part in the Haystack Prayer Meeting which led to forming the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. He was ordained to the Congregational ministry on September 15,1841 and he began his work there October 19,1842, under the auspices of the American Seamans Friend Society. At the time one hundred to one hundred and fifty whaling vessels entered the port every year. Damons own statement was, From 1842 to 1867, at the lowest estimate six thousand seamen annually entered the port, during these twenty-five years my labors were abundant and sometimes, beyond my strength. For 42 years he was the pastor of Bethel Church from 1841 to 1882 and he preached there every Sunday, not only to sailors but also to merchants, sea captains and many others who were drawn to this well known place of worship. He was a speaker and was constantly in demand on public occasions. In 1855 he founded the Honolulu Sailors Home and held services for sailors who died without family to be buried in the Oahu Cemetery and he published between a half million and a million copies of The Friend, most of which he personally distributed. He was a supporter of the Chinese Christians in Honolulu. He made his church available for Sunday afternoon services, and later started a night school in the parish hall to teach them English. From this humble beginning the Chinese Christian community began to outgrow their meeting place, in 1877, Damon assisted in organizing the first Chinese Church in Hawaii and was elected to the Board of Trustees. Damon traveled extensively throughout his life, in 1849 he visited California and Oregon. In 1851 he visited the United States, coming by way of the Isthmus of Panama, in 1861 he made a tour of the Micronesian Islands on the missionary ship, the Morning Star. In 1869 he came again and then traveled through England, Palestine, Egypt and Greece. In 1876 he came again and visited the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia. In 1880 he came to the United States once more and made another and more extensive trip abroad, visiting England, Scotland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and it is said that he also visited China and Japan
5. Jules Tavernier (painter) – Jules Tavernier was a French painter, illustrator, and an important member of Hawaii’s Volcano School. He was born on 27 April 1844 in Paris and he studied with the French painter, Félix Joseph Barrias, but left France in the 1870s, never to return. Tavernier was employed as an illustrator by Harpers Magazine, which sent him, along with Paul Frenzeny and he arrived in San Francisco in the summer of 1874, but soon traveled south and founded an art colony on the Monterey Peninsula. Eventually, he continued westward to Hawaii, where he made a name for himself as a landscape painter. He was fascinated by Hawaii’s erupting volcanoes—a subject that was to him for the rest of his life, which was spent in Hawaii, Canada. Tavernier died on 18 May 1889 in Honolulu, Hawaii and his students included D. Howard Hitchcock, Amédée Joullin, Charles Rollo Peters and Manuel Valencia. After the Crocker, the moved to the Monterey Museum of Art. Maier, Steven, Jules Tavernier, Hawaiʻi’s First Real Painter, Honolulu, mcGlynn, Betty Hoag, Jules Tavernier, 1844-1889 in Tanner, Jerré E. Hawaii Island Artists and Friends of the Arts, premiere ed. Malama Arts Inc. Kailua-Kona, Hawaii,1989, ISBN0931909066, pp. 13-19 Tigertail Virtual Museum
6. Henry Martyn Whitney – Henry Martyn Whitney was an early journalist in the Kingdom of Hawaii. Born of early missionaries, he became the first postmaster and founded several long-lasting newspapers, Henry Martyn Whitney was born June 5,1824 in Waimea on the island of Kauaʻi. His father was missionary Samuel Whitney and he was the namesake of English missionary Henry Martyn and his mother was Mercy Partidge, granddaughter of Adonijah Bidwell. His sister Maria Kapule Whitney married missionary John L. Pogue and his father was originally a lay teacher, but was ordained in the field on November 30,1825. The family moved to Lahaina on Maui in 1827, and then back to Waimea in 1829, Whitney was sent to Rochester, New York, for school in 1831, and graduated from the Rochester Collegiate Institute in 1841. He planned to enter college, but a hearing loss convinced him to work in journalism and he worked for Harper & Brothers in New York City where he learned the printing trade and became a foreman in two years. He also worked in the American Bible Society printing office and he might have had a piece printed in the New York Tribune of Horace Greeley. Whitney married Catherine Olivia March in June 1849, and travelled via Panama to San Francisco and he happened to meet Judd there with two young Hawaiian princes. By November Whitney arrived back in Hawaii, his new wife arrived in January 1850, Whitney worked for the Kingdom of Hawaii government printing office, which published a newspaper called The Polynesian. Whitney became the first postmaster general in Hawaii on December 22,1850, before that time, the Polynesian office had just used an informal mail bag that customers could use to gather letters to be taken by the next ship. The first stamps issued by the kingdom in 1851 are now called Hawaiian Missionaries, in 1855 he was elected to one term in the house of representatives of the legislature of the Hawaiian Kingdom. He grew disenchanted with government service and wanted to go into business for himself and he offered to buy the printing office, but the government was not interested. He also invested in a flour mill briefly but sold that business in 1856. On July 1,1856 he resigned as postmaster and was replaced by Joseph Jackson, on July 2,1856, Whitney produced the first issue of his own newspaper, a four-sheet weekly called the Pacific Commercial Advertiser. It was the first successful publication in Hawaii sponsored by advertisements, other attempts at independent newspapers had quickly gone out of business or become supported by government or missionary funding. Its name is based on the New York Commercial Advertiser which Whitney had known while living on the mainland, the first issue contained the news of Kamehameha IVs royal wedding to Emma Rooke besides the titular advertisements. A sketch Whitney made of Honolulu Harbor after climbing the mast of a ship became the papers symbol even after the masthead was redesigned, although born in the Kingdom of Hawaii, he openly called for closer ties with the United States. The second Advertiser issue included coverage of the US Independence Day celebrations, the first issues were printed on a hand press that produced 600 papers an hour, but by March 1857 he could expand circulation with a new power press invented by Isaac Adams
7. Lorrin A. Thurston – Lorrin Andrews Thurston was a lawyer, politician, and businessman born and raised in the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. He published the Pacific Commercial Advertiser, and owned other enterprises, from 1906 to 1916 he and friends lobbied with national politicians to create a National Park to preserve the Hawaiian Volcanoes. He was born on July 31,1858 in Honolulu, Hawaii and his father was Asa Goodale Thurston and mother Sarah Andrews. On his fathers side he was grandson of Asa and Lucy Goodale Thurston, on his mothers side, he was also the grandson of another early missionary, Lorrin Andrews. His father was speaker of the house of representatives of the Kingdom of Hawaii but died when Lorrin was only a year and he then moved to Maui with his mother. He was fluent in the Hawaiian language and gave himself the Hawaiian nickname Kakina, in 1872, he attended Punahou School, then known as Oahu College, where he played baseball with the sons of Alexander Cartwright. He was expelled shortly before graduation, after working as a translator for a law firm and clerk at the Wailuku Sugar Company, he attended law school at Columbia University. He returned to Honolulu in 1881 and became partners in a law firm with William Owen Smith and he married Margaret Clarissa Shipman in February 1884. They had a son Robert Shipman Thurston on February 1,1888, Margaret died in childbirth on May 5,1891. On April 5,1894, Lorrin Thurston married Harriet Potter of Saint Joseph and they had a daughter Margaret Charter in 1895, and a son Lorrin Potter Thurston in 1900. Lorrin Andrews Thurston died on May 11,1931, in 1919, Robert Thurston married Evelyn M. Scott, and Margaret Carter married William Twigg-Smith. Lorrin Thurston was influential in both the arena and the business world of Hawaii. He followed his father and became a member of the legislature of the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1886, the Missionary Party would change its name to the Reform Party in 1887, as it grew to include business owners. In July 1887 Thurston authored what is called the Bayonet Constitution because it was imposed under threat by the Honolulu Rifle Company militia and it limited the executive power of the monarch King Kalākaua. Thurston became the powerful Interior Minister, with Englishman William Lowthian Green as minister of finance, voting rights and membership of the legislature were based on property ownership, resulting in effective control by wealthy Americans and Europeans. He served in the cabinet until June 17,1890 when he was replaced by Charles N. Spencer, queen Liliʻuokalani became monarch in 1891 and tried to recover power with a new constitution. In 1892 Thurston led the Annexation Club, later adopting the more dramatic title Committee of Safety, in 1893 the Committee of Safety was supported by the U. S. Military in an overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom, and the resulting Provisional Government of Hawaii was controlled by Thurstons committee, Thurston headed the commission sent to Washington, DC to negotiate with Benjamin Harrison for American annexation
8. Oahu Cemetery – The Oʻahu Cemetery is the resting place of many notable early residents of the Honolulu area. They range from missionaries and politicians to sports pioneers and philosophers, over time it was expanded to become an area known as the Nuʻuanu Cemetery. It was the first public cemetery in Honolulu, founded in November 1844, due to the growth in the whaling industry, discussion had started in 1836 on the need for a new burial ground that was not associated with a specific church. The 4.38 acres site was purchased for $300 and $350 granted for a house, the money was raised by selling subscriptions on 59 plots of $12 each. Later another 3 acres were purchased from Gerrit P. Judd to expand in 1860, damon served on the cemetery association in the early days. The first recorded burial was American sailor H. Wolley, for $2.50, in 1906, the first public crematory in the Hawaiian Islands, designed by architect Oliver G. Traphagen opened at the cemetery. After the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, all paper currency on the islands was withdrawn and replaced with Hawaii overprint notes, in case the Japanese invaded. Faced with the task of quickly destroying $200 million of cash, however, progress was too slow, so the larger furnace at the Aiea sugar mill was also used. An area called the Seamens Lot contains many unmarked graves for sailors, another plot is dedicated to firefighters, marked by a monument 15 feet high. Two dozen were killed by strafing in the December 7,1941 attack, Oʻahu Cemetery is located at 2162 Nuʻuanu Avenue, at the base of the Nuʻuanu Valley at coordinates 21°19′27″N 157°51′1″W. In 1863 King Kamehameha IV built the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii across the street for the Hawaiian royal family, in Punchbowl Crater the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific was founded in 1948. Just north of the Royal Mausoleum, the Nuʻuanu Memorial Park was added in 1949, in 1958 a Japanese cemetery was added on adjacent land called Honolulu Memorial Park. In 1964, two Columbaria called the Kyoto Gardens were constructed, one of the buildings is a replica of a Buddhist temple. They are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, strictly speaking, the original 1844 cemetery is called Oʻahu Cemetery, although the extended area is often called Nuʻuanu Cemetery after the area. In 1989 a funeral for Ferdinand Marcos was planned at the mortuary, Oʻahu Cemetery, burial ground & historic site. Official web site for service there
9. Joseph Rock – Joseph Francis Charles Rock was an Austrian-American explorer, geographer, linguist and botanist. He was born in Vienna, Austria, went to Egypt at the age of 10 with his father, and later wandered about in Europe. But on an impulse, he emigrated to the United States in 1905 and moved to Honolulu, Hawaii in 1907 and he first taught full-time at Mills College, and was placed on leave in Sept.1908 for health reasons. During the Ngolok rebellions Rock witnessed repeated battles by the Ma Cliques Chinese Muslim army against the Ngolok Tibetans in Xiahe County, the Ma Muslim army left Tibetan skeletons scattered over a wide area, and the Labrang monastery was decorated with decapitated Tibetan heads. After the 1929 battle of Xiahe near Labrang, decapitated Tibetan heads were used as ornaments by Chinese Muslim troops in their camp,154 in total, Rock described young girls and childrens heads staked around the military encampment. Ten to fifteen heads were fastened to the saddle of every Muslim cavalryman, the heads were strung about the walls of the Moslem garrison like a garland of flowers. In March 2009, the University of Hawaii at Manoa named its herbarium after him, works and collections by and from Rock are held in the Library of Congress. These books are out-of-print and, consequently, command very high prices in the rare book markets, the most important of his written works are, The Ancient Nakhi Kingdom of Southwest China. His National Geographic magazine articles, Hunting the Chaulmoogra tree 3, gongga Shan, a mountain in Sichuan which Rock erroneously thought for a time to be the highest in the world. Michael Aris Lamas, Princes, and Brigands, Joseph Rocks Photographs of the Tibetan Borderlands of China, China Institute in America, New York City Sutton, S. B. In Chinas Border Provinces, The Turbulent Career of Joseph Rock, Botanist Explorer, New York Gore, R. Joseph Rock, Our Man in China National Geographic Magazine 191, 62-81 Goodman, Jim Joseph F