Category:Burials at St. Canute's Cathedral
Pages in category "Burials at St. Canute's Cathedral"
The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. St. Canute's Cathedral – St. Canutes Cathedral, also known as Odense Cathedral, is named after the Danish king Canute the Saint, otherwise Canute IV. It is an example of Brick Gothic architecture. The churchs most visited section is the crypt where the remains of Canute, St. Canutes Church in one form or another has stood on Abbey Hill in Odense for over 900 years. Odense was established as the seat of the Bishop of Odense before 988 under the supervision of the Bishop of Schleswig, the diocese included the southern Baltic islands of Denmark. The earliest bishops names have not been recorded, Odense passed to the jurisdiction of Roskilde in 1072 for a short period of time before falling to the Archdiocese of Lund. The earliest known church on the present location was a church which was reported under construction by Aelnoth of Canterbury. The foundations of the church can still be seen in the crypt of the present building. The church was built in Romanesque style with arches supporting a flat timber ceiling. The travertine church was built specifically to house the remains of King Canute. Canute IV of Denmark, the son of King Sven Estridsen, was born about 1040, in 1075 he accompanied the Danish fleet on the last great Viking raid of that age. It is suggested that he stole relics of Saint Alban from Ely, Canute reigned at a difficult time in Danish history. The idea of a strengthened monarchy did not sit well with the feudal landowners. After the death of his brother, the national assembly met on Zealand to proclaim Canute king of Denmark. Soon after, he ordered the people of Halland to supply him with horses and wagons to transport himself, the assembly met to discuss the kings request. The people decided that the request was not lawful according to the ancient customs, Canute was enraged by what he heard. After hasty consultations the Hallanders supplied the required equipment, Canute did the same in Scania. At the assembly he required men and supplies to build the new cathedral at Lund, when the assembly baulked, Canute swore he would forbid them to fish in the Øresund. Likewise they too acceded to the kings request, Canute was a devout Christian and believed that a strong central church in Denmark would give him more power
2. Odense – Odense is the third-largest city in Denmark. It has a population of 175,245 as of January 2016, by road, Odense is located 45 kilometres north of Svendborg,144 kilometres to the south of Aarhus and 167 kilometres to the southwest of Copenhagen. Odense has close associations with Hans Christian Andersen who is remembered above all for his fairy tales and he was born in the city in 1805 and spent his childhood years there. There has been settlement in the Odense area for over 4,000 years, although the name was not mentioned in writing until 988. Canute IV of Denmark, generally considered to be the last Viking king, was murdered by peasants in Odenses St Albans Priory on 10 July 1086. Although the city was burned in 1249 following a royal rivalry, in 1865, one of the largest railway terminals in Denmark was built, further increasing the population and commerce, and by 1900, Odense had reached a population of 35,000. Odenses Odinstårnet was one of the tallest towers in Europe when built in 1935 but was destroyed by the Nazis during World War II, the University of Southern Denmark was established in 1966. In the present day, Odense remains the hub of Funen. Several major industries are located in the city including the Albani Brewery and GASA, Denmarks major dealer in vegetables, fruits and flowers. In sports, Odense has a number of clubs including OB, BM, B1909, and B1913, the Odense Bulldogs professional ice hockey team. Odense is served by Hans Christian Andersen Airport and Odense station, Odense is one of Denmarks oldest cities. Archaeological excavations in the vicinity show proof of settlement for over 4,000 years since at least the Stone Age, the earliest community was centred on the higher ground between the Odense River to the south and Naesbyhoved Lake to the north. Nonnebakken, one of Denmarks former Viking ring fortresses, lay to the south of the river, today, Odenses Møntergården Museum has many artefacts related to the early Viking history in the Odense area. The Vikings built numerous fortifications along the banks to defend it against invaders coming in from the coast. The first church in Odense appears to have been St Marys, the territory, previously part of the vast Archbishopric of Hamburg, was created a Catholic diocese in 988. The first recorded bishops of Odense were Odinkar Hvide and Reginbert, recent excavations have shown that from the early 11th century, the town developed in the area around Albani Torv, Fisketorvet, Overgade and Vestergade. By 1070, Odense had already grown into a city of stature in Denmark, the priory no longer exists, although a church has been situated on the site since about 900. At the beginning of the 12th century, Benedictine monks from England founded St Canutes Abbey and it was here the English monk Ælnoth wrote Denmarks first literary work, Vita et Passio S. Canuti
3. Denmark – The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979. In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government. The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
4. Christian II of Denmark – Christian II was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He reigned as King of Denmark and Norway from 1513 until 1523, from 1513 to 1523, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig and Holstein in joint rule with his uncle Frederick. Christian was the oldest son of King John and belonged to the House of Oldenburg, Denmark was then an elective monarchy in which the nobility elected the new king, who had to share his power with them. He came into conflict with the Danish nobility when he was forced to sign a charter, more strict than any previous, through domestic reforms he later sought to set it aside. Internationally, he tried to maintain the Kalmar Union between the Scandinavian countries which brought him to war with Sweden, lasting between 1518 and 1523 and his problems grew as he tried to limit the influence of foreign trading nations in Denmark. His reign in Denmark and Norway was cut short in 1523 when his uncle deposed him, Christian was then exiled to the Netherlands, then ruled by his brother-in-law, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. After attempting to reclaim the thrones in 1531, he was arrested and held in captivity for the rest of his life first in Sønderborg Castle, supporters tried to restore him to power both during his exile and his imprisonment but they were defeated definitively in 1536. In 1515, he married Isabella of Austria, granddaughter of the Holy Roman Emperor, however, he is most known for his relation with Dyveke Sigbritsdatter, a commonner of Dutch ancestry who became his mistress before his marriage and whose mother became his closest advisor. When Dyveke suddenly died in 1517, Christian had the nobleman Torben Oxe executed, on dubious ground, dyveke’s mother would follow Christian in exile but his in-laws forced him to break their friendship. As a captive, he was treated well and as he grew older he was given more freedom. He died aged 77, outliving not only his uncle but also his cousin and he was intelligent but irresolute, which is also part of his legacy in fiction literature. His wife was offered to return to Denmark while in exile but declined and died in 1526, Christian tried to have his son John recognized as heir to the throne, however, this was denied and John died only a year later. His daughters, Dorothea and Christina, the only of his children to survive childhood, also claims to the throne on behalf of themselves or their children. Christian was born at Nyborg Castle in 1481 as the son of King John and his wife, Christina of Saxony. Christian descended, through Valdemar I of Sweden, from the House of Eric and his rival Gustav I of Sweden descended only from Sverker II of Sweden and the House of Sverker. Christian took part in his fathers conquest of Sweden in 1497 and he was appointed viceroy of Norway in 1506, and succeeded in maintaining control of this country. In 1513, he succeeded his father as king of Denmark, Christians succession to the throne was confirmed at the Herredag assembly of notables from the three northern kingdoms, which met at Copenhagen in 1513. The Swedish delegates said, We have the choice between peace at home and strife here, or peace here and civil war at home, a decision as to the Swedish succession was therefore postponed
5. John, King of Denmark – John was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He was King of Denmark, Norway and as John II Sweden, from 1482 to 1513, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig and Holstein in joint rule with his brother Frederick. He currently remains the only King of Denmark since the century to not be named Christian or Frederick, if one does not include the current Queen of Denmark. The three most important political goals of King John were the restoration of the Kalmar Union, reduction of the dominance of the Hanseatic League, and the building of a strong Danish royal power. He was born at Aalborghus, in Aalborg, the son of Christian I of Denmark and Dorothea of Brandenburg, in 1478, he married Christina of Saxony, granddaughter of Frederick the Gentle of Saxony. This produced the following offspring, Christian II, Francis, Knud, and Elisabeth, from about 1496 until 1512, he had a relationship with Edele Jernskjæg. In 1458, Johns father, King Christian I, had the Norwegian Council of the Realm commit to electing Christians eldest son as king of Norway upon his death. A similar declaration was made in Sweden, in 1467, John was hailed as successor to the throne in Denmark. John used the title heir to the throne of Norway, in line with Norways old status as a hereditary kingdom, but this was a claim the Norwegian Council did not immediately recognise. Consequently, upon King Christians death in May 1481, Johns position was unchallenged in Denmark, whereas in Norway the Council of the Realm assumed royal authority, and an interregnum ensued. No serious rival candidates to the Norwegian throne existed, but the Council was determined to demonstrate Norways status as a sovereign kingdom. A meeting between the Councils of Denmark, Sweden and Norway was appointed for 13 January 1483 at Halmstad, to work out the terms for electing John as king — his håndfæstning. The Swedish Council failed to turn up at the meeting, but the Norwegian and Danish councils proceeded to produce a joint declaration containing the terms for Johns rule and it was hoped that Sweden would later accept the same document and thereby acknowledge John as king. Subsequently, John was crowned King of Denmark in Copenhagen on 18 May, during the first years of his rule John carried out a balancing policy. By diplomatic means he tried to weaken the position of the Swedish regent Sten Sture, after the 1493 treaty, Ivan III of Russia imprisoned all Hanseatic merchants trading in Novgorod and instigated the Russo-Swedish War. The Hanseatic cities were also troubled by a war by Danish privateers. Johns domestic policies were marked by economic support of the Danish merchants and by the use of commoners as officials or even as councillors. The most important of his initiatives was perhaps establishing a permanent Danish navy, according to the Privilege of Ribe the Noble Diets of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein were to elect a duke among the sons of the previous duke
6. Isabella of Austria – Isabella of Austria, also known as Elizabeth, Archduchess of Austria and Infanta of Castile and Aragon, was Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Christian II. She was the daughter of King Philip I and Queen Joanna of Castile and she served as regent of Denmark in 1520. Isabella spent her childhood in the Netherlands under the tutorage of the regent of the Netherlands and her fortune, her succession rights, and her connections made her a valuable pawn in the royal marriage market. Therefore, Isabella was selected for the Danish king, on 11 July 1514, one week short of her 13th birthday, Isabella was married by proxy to King Christian II of Denmark with Emperor Maximilian I, her grandfather, standing in for the king. She remained in the Netherlands, but is said to have fallen in love with her spouse at the sight of his painting, a year after the wedding, the Archbishop of Nidaros was sent to escort her to Copenhagen. The marriage was ratified on 12 August 1515, the Kings Dutch mistress, Dyveke Sigbritsdatter, had been with him since 1507, and he was not about to give her up for a teenager. Dyvekes mother, Sigbrit Willoms, was influential at court. From 1516, Anne Meinstrup was head lady-in-waiting of her court, in 1520, Christian took the throne of Sweden, thereby making Isabella Queen of Sweden. After taking Stockholm, he asked the Swedish representatives to turn it, Isabella served as the regent of Denmark during Christians stay in Sweden. Her husband was deposed as king of Sweden the following year, when King Christian was deposed in 1523 by disloyal noblemen supporting his uncle Duke Frederick, the new king wanted to be on good terms with Isabellas family. He wrote her a letter in her native German, offering her a dowager queens pension. But Isabella wrote back to Duke Frederick in Latin, stating that, ubi rex meus, ibi regnum meum, Isabella left Denmark with her husband and their children after her husband was deposed in 1523 and travelled to the Netherlands. Isabella and Christian travelled around Germany in an attempt to help for Christians restoration to the throne. Isabella made her own negotiations with her relatives, and also accompanied her husband on his travels and they visited Saxony in 1523 and Berlin in 1523–1524. In Berlin, Isabella became interested in the teachings of Luther, the former queen died at the castle of Zwijnaarde near Ghent aged twenty-four. She received both Protestant and Catholic communion, but the Habsburgs declared that she had died a convinced Catholic and her religious sympathies, and whether she was a Protestant or a Catholic after 1524, have been debated. At her deathbed, she gave the cause of her husbands restoration to her aunt and her 15xgreat-granddaughter Princess Isabella of Denmark was named after her
7. Canute IV of Denmark – Canute IV, later known as Canute the Holy or Saint Canute, was King of Denmark from 1080 until 1086. Canute was a king who sought to strengthen the Danish monarchy, devotedly supported the Roman Catholic Church. Slain by rebels in 1086, he was the first Danish king to be canonized and he was recognized by the Roman Catholic Church as patron saint of Denmark in 1101. 1042, one of the sons of Sweyn II Estridsson. He is first noted as a member of Sweyns 1069 raid of England, when returning from England in 1075, the Danish fleet stopped in the County of Flanders. Because of its hostility towards William I of England, Flanders was an ally for the Danes. He also led campaigns to Sember and Ester, according to skald Kálfr Mánason. When Sweyn died, Canutes brother Harald III was elected king, in 1080, Canute succeeded Harald to the throne of Denmark. On his accession, he married Adela, daughter of Count Robert I of Flanders and she bore him one son, Charles in 1084, and twin daughters Cæcilia and Ingerid, born shortly before his death. Ingerids descendants, the House of Bjelbo, would ascend to the throne of Sweden and Norway, Canute quickly proved himself to be a highly ambitious king as well as a devout one. He enhanced the authority of the church, and demanded austere observation of church holidays and he gave large gifts to the churches in Dalby, Odense, Roskilde, and Viborg, and especially to Lund. Ever a champion of the Church, he sought to enforce the collection of tithes and his aggrandizement of the church served to create a powerful ally, who in turn supported Canutes power position. In May 1085, Canute wrote a letter of donation to Lund Cathedral which was under construction, granting it large tracts of lands in Scania, Zealand and he founded Lund Cathedral School at the same time. Canute had gathered the land largely as pay for the pardon of outlawed subjects, the clerics at Lund got extended prerogatives of the land, being able to tax and fine the peasantry there. However, Canute kept his royal rights to pardon the outlaws, fine subjects who failed to answer his leding call to war. His reign was marked by attempts to increase royal power in Denmark, by stifling the nobles. Canute issued edicts arrogating to himself the ownership of land, the right to the goods from shipwrecks. He also issued laws to protect freed thralls as well as foreign clerics and these policies led to discontent among his subjects, who were unaccustomed to a king claiming such powers and interfering in their daily lives
8. Eric III of Denmark – Eric III Lamb was the King of Denmark from 1137 until 1146. He was the grandson of Eric I of Denmark and the nephew of Eric II of Denmark and he abdicated in 1146, as the first and only Danish monarch to do so. His succession led to a period of war between Sweyn III, Canute V, and Valdemar I. His mother was Ragnhild, the daughter of King Eric I, and his father the nobleman Hakon Sunnivasson, a great-grandson of King Magnus the Good of Norway and Denmark. Eric was the nephew of Eric II of Denmark, fighting for him at the decisive Battle of Fotevik in 1134, not much is known of Erics kingship. Contemporary chroniclers highly disagree about the personality of this king, Eric had to fight for his kingship against his cousin Olaf Haraldsen, sometimes called Olaf II. Olaf established a base of power in Scania in 1139 and tried to conquer the throne from there, during the civil wars, the Wends raided the Danish coasts and sounds without much Danish resistance. Eric supported Magnus the Blind and Sigurd Slembe in the Norwegian civil war and he worked to aggrandize the church, especially St. Canutes Abbey in Odense, and had a close relationship with bishop Eskil of Roskilde. In 1143, he married Lutgard of Salzwedel, daughter of Rudolf I, Eric and Lutgard were married by Rudolfs son Hartwig, then Provost of Bremen Cathedral, in 1143 or 1144. In 1146, Eric abdicated, as the only Danish king in history and he entered St. Canutes Abbey where died there on 27 August 1146, and was buried at the cloister. His abdication has been explained as being rooted either in his realization of his inability to govern, or an illness which ultimately killed him. This is taken to either reference the Lamb of God as he was seen as a man, as describing his mildhearted and generous nature, or indicating a weak. He married Lutgard of Salzwedel in 1144, which indicated an increasing German influence on Denmark and he and Lutgard did not have any children, though Eric fathered a son, Magnus, out of wedlock. After Eric died, Lutgard married Herman II of Winzenburg, media related to Eric III of Denmark at Wikimedia Commons
9. Christina of Saxony – Christina of Saxony, was Queen consort of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. She was born a granddaughter of Frederick the Gentle of Saxony and she was the grandmother of Christina of Denmark through her son Christian II. Christina was engaged to John, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, the year after, she traveled from Saxony to Warnemunde, where she was met by a Danish retinue who brought her Copenhagen Castle, where she was married to John on 6 September 1478. In 1481, she became queen of Denmark and she was however not crowned until 1483, when John had become king of Norway also. On 18 May 1483, she and John were crowned king and queen of Denmark, during the first twenty years of her marriage, there is not much information about Christina, and she seem to have lived a life devoted to her family. She was the mother of Christian II, Franciscus, Knud and Elizabeth, who later married Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg, Christina is described as pious, and were said to weep every time she was unable to attend mass. In 1497, John was elected king of Sweden, two years later, Christina followed him to Sweden, and on 4 February 1499, they were crowned king and queen of Sweden in Uppsala. She accompanied John on his visit to Sweden in 1500. During the 1501 visit, John entered into his affair with one of her ladies-in-waiting, Edel Jernskjæg. When the War of Deposition against King Hans and Dano-Swedish War took place later that same year and he left Christina in charge of the garrison of the Castle of Tre Kronor in Stockholm as regent and as moral support for his followers. From September 1501 until 6 May 1502, queen Christina was besieged by the Swedish rebels and this was one of the hardest sieges known during the Kalmar Union, during which a garrison of 1000 men was reduced to 70 out of plague and starvation. On 9 May 1502, queen Christina surrendered to the Swedish Regent Sten Sture the Elder, according to the peace settlement, was to be kept at a convent in Stockholm until she could travel back to Denmark. When she surrendered her position, she turned herself over to lady Ingeborg Tott and she was kept first at the Black Friars Monastery of Stockholm and then at the Grey Friars Abbey, Stockholm. However, the treaty was broken by Sten Sture, when John had a ship sent to Stockholm to collect her, in October 1503, she was finally released and escorted to the Danish border by Sten Sture, where she was met by her son Christian in Halmstad. In 1504, she made a pilgrimage to Wilsnack and Sternberg in Brandenburg, upon her return to Denmark, she founded convents for Poor Clares in Copenhagen and Odense. From her return to Denmark after her release onward, queen Christina lived the rest of her separated from king John. She had her own court, headed by Anne Meinstrup. Christina was interested in art and music and acted as the benefactor of musicians and she commissioned the famous altar piece of Claus Berg, who depicted the royal Danish family and was placed in the Odense cathedral, as well as the literary work of the priest Michael of Odense
10. Kirsten Munk – Kirsten Munk was a Danish noble, the second spouse of King Christian IV of Denmark, and mother to twelve of his children. Kirsten Munck was the daughter of Ludvig Munck and Ellen Marsvin, members of the wealthy and her mother, widowed a second time in 1611, was the greatest landowner on Funen. On 31 December 1615, she was married morganatically to the widowed king, in 1627, she was given the title Countess of Schleswig-Holstein. Kirsten bore the king twelve children, among them the Countess Leonora Christina Ulfeldt, from the kings death in 1648 to 1652, five of her daughters husbands were known as the so-called Sons-in-law Party, wielding dominant influence in the Rigsråd. Previously, Kirstens son Count Valdemar of Schleswig-Holstein, had shown promise, becoming engaged to Tsarevna Irina Mikhailovna Romanov, as the kings health declined in 1625, so did his temperament and his marriage. In 1627, Kirsten fell in love with a German cavalry captain in her husbands service, the couple are alleged to have had encounters at Funen, Kronborg, and Copenhagen. Eventually, word came to the king of his wifes affair, supposedly, after seeing two maids sleeping outside her locked door, he got a footman to engrave the date on a stone and did not have sex with Kirsten again. Her last daughter was conceived 10 months after this and he refused to accept her as legitimate, in the end, he formally charged Kirsten with adultery, witchcraft, and consorting with a magician in Hamburg. Although the king did father children with Kruse who later became rivals of Kirsten Muncks children and in-laws, he continued with the divorce. Kirsten herself refused to admit her adultery, after an interrogation, she was kept at Stjernholm in Horsens and then placed under house arrest in Boller in 1637. This confinement continued until 1647, allegedly owing to Vibeke Kruses encouragement to the king to remain strict, on his deathbed in 1648, her husband sent for her, but by the time she arrived he was already dead. Kirsten and her now had Vibeke Kruse banished from court. She also had her marriage and children confirmed as legitimate, although morganatic, the Sons-in-law Party spoke for her in the council 1648–51, and when it fell from power, she supported her son-in-law Corfitz Ulfeldt. Ulfeldt and her daughter Leonora sided with Sweden, and Kirsten Munk is alleged to have financed King Charles X of Swedens invasion and occupation of Denmark and she died during the Swedish occupation and was given a grand funeral in Odense. Http, //www. kvinfo. dk/side/597/bio/1163/origin/170/ Kirsten Munk at the website of the Royal Danish Collection