Category:Burials at St. John's Co-Cathedral
Pages in category "Burials at St. John's Co-Cathedral"
The following 30 pages are in this category, out of 30 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 30 pages are in this category, out of 30 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Saint John's Co-Cathedral – St Johns Co-Cathedral is a Roman Catholic co-cathedral in Valletta, Malta, dedicated to Saint John the Baptist. It was built by the Order of St. John between 1572 and 1577, having been commissioned by Grand Master Jean de la Cassière as the Conventual Church of Saint John. The church was designed by the Maltese architect Girolamo Cassar, who designed several of the prominent buildings in Valletta. In the 17th century, its interior was redecorated in the Baroque style by Mattia Preti, the interior of the church is considered to be one of the finest examples of high Baroque architecture in Europe. St. Johns Co-Cathedral was commissioned in 1572 by Jean de la Cassière and it was initially named, in the Italian common language of the time, as Chiesa Conventuale di San Giovanni Battista. The church was designed by the Maltese architect Girolamo Cassar, who was responsible for the construction of many important buildings in Valletta. However Cassar still took decisions over the design and made modifications. Once St. Johns was completed in 1577, it became the new church of the Order instead of St. Lawrences Church in the Orders former headquarters Birgu. Construction of the oratory and sacristy began in 1598, during the magistracy of Martin Garzez, for the first century of its existence, the churchs interior was modestly decorated. However, in the 1660s, Grand Master Raphael Cotoner ordered the redecoration of the interior so as to rival the churches of Rome, Calabrian artist Mattia Preti was in charge of the embellishment, and effectively completely transformed the interior in the Baroque style. In 1748, Grand Master António Manoel de Vilhena built annexes on the side of the cathedral, St. Johns remained the conventual church of the Order until the latter was expelled from Malta with the French occupation in 1798. Over time, the church grew to prominence with the archbishops cathedral at Mdina. In the 1820s, the Bishop of Malta was allowed to use St Johns as an alternative see, in 1831, Sir Walter Scott called the cathedral a magnificent church, the most striking interior ever seen. Later on in the 19th century, Giuseppe Hyzler, a leader of the Nazarene movement, removed some of the Baroque art of the cathedral, the cathedrals exterior was slightly damaged by aerial bombardment in 1941, during World War II, barely escaping total destruction. The contents of the cathedral had been transferred elsewhere before the bombardment, the cathedral was restored between the late 1980s and the early 1990s. In 2001, the St. Johns Co-Cathedral Foundation was set up to administer and conserve the cathedral, the sides of the cathedral were restored between 2008 and 2010, and a complete restoration of the exterior began to be carried out in July 2014. This restoration is being directed by architect Jean Frendo and eight restorers, restoration of the central part of the façade was completed in September 2015, and the project is expected to be ready in 2017. Today, the cathedral is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Malta, the cathedrals exterior is built in the Mannerist style typical of its architect Girolamo Cassar
2. Gregorio Carafa – Fra Gregorio Carafa was a nobleman from the House of Carafa and the 62nd Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Saint John from 1680 to his death in 1690. Carafa was born on 17 March 1615 in Castelvetere in Calabria, Italy to Girolamo, Prince of Roccella and Diana Vittori and his brother was the Cardinal Carlo Carafa della Spina. He was enlisted with the Order of Saint John when he was aged three months, in June 1615. He studied in Naples, and various dignitaries and knights of the Order contributed to his education, in 1635 he went to Catalonia with his uncle Francesco Carafa, the Prior general of Roccella. Carafa was soon promoted to Knight Grand Cross of the Order, in 1647, he was involved in the Masaniello revolt in which he tried to restore peace and order in Naples. After the defeat of the rebels in Naples, he was sent to Calabria to quell the uprising there and these events led to him being promoted and he was given command of the Orders fleet. In 1656, he commanded the 7 Maltese galleys at the Battle of the Dardanelles, in this battle, the joint Venetian-Maltese fleet was victorious, and as a reward, Malta received 11 captured Ottoman ships. This battle was heaviest naval defeat for the Ottomans since the Battle of Lepanto, after the victorious battle he was welcomed in Malta as a hero. Subsequently he reclaimed the wetlands at Bormola and strengthened the Orders fleet, in 1680, he was elected Grand Master of the Order after the death of Nicolas Cotoner. In the same year that he became Grand Master, Carafa paid for the renovation of Auberge dItalie, the facade was rebuilt in Baroque style, and a bronze bust of Carafa was placed in a prominent position over the front door of the Auberge. His personal coat of arms was also sculpted close to the bust, from 1681 onwards, Fort Saint Angelo was strengthened and rebuilt by the architect Carlos de Grunenbergh, at Carafas request. Carafas name appears on the plaque above the main gate. During his reign, the Orders navy was at its peak, with led by knights. Fearing an Ottoman attack, in 1687 Carafa strengthened Fort Saint Elmo by building a series of known as the Carafa Enceinte on the foreshore surrounding the fortress. Playing Cards was introduced in Malta during his reign, Carafa died on 21 July 1690 and was succeeded by Adrien de Wignacourt. He is buried in the Chapel of the Langue of Italy of St. Johns Co-Cathedral in Valletta, Malta, Gregorio Carafa, Gran Maestro dellOrdine di Malta
3. Manuel Pinto da Fonseca – Dom Fra Manuel Pinto da Fonseca was the 68th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1741 until his death. He was a Portuguese nobleman, the son of Miguel Álvaro Pinto da Fonseca, Alcaide-Mór de Ranhados, before his election as Prince and Grand Master on 18 January 1741, Pinto da Fonseca was a knight of the Langue of Portugal. He gave his name to the town of Qormi and accorded it the status of a city as Città Pinto. He created several new titles, which was greatly resented by some of the older nobles of Malta. He gained a bad reputation for creating large depths for the treasury of the Order and he has built the first printing press in Malta at the magistral palace of the Grand Master, known as la stamperia del Palazzo. After the expulsion of the Jesuit Order, Pinto appropriated all the revenue accruing from its property on the island with the aim of establishing a Pubblica Università di Studi Generali. On 25 May 1771, a Collegio Medico was set up as one of the making up the University. As Grand Master, Pinto da Fonseca completed construction of the Auberge de Castille, his bust, today this building houses the Office of the Prime Minister. These bells were made by melting two basilisks that were left by the Ottomans after the Great Siege of 1565, Pinto built nineteen storehouses at the Marina, which still bear his name, and built several other buildings and structures. When he died, his body was laid in a monument with his mosaic portrait and he was a friend of Cagliostro. The coat of arms of the Pinto family portrays five red crescents, the city of Qormi adopted these arms, with the tinctures reversed, for its own coat of arms and flag. Pinto died on 24 January 1773, a statue of Pinto is found in Floriana. Portraits of Grandmaster Fra Manuel Pinto Coins of Grandmaster Emmanuel Pinto
4. Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam – Fra Philippe de Villiers de LIsle-Adam was a prominent member of the Knights Hospitaller at Rhodes and later Malta. Having risen to the position of Prior of the Langue of Auvergne and he then led the Order during several years without a permanent domicile—first Kandi on Crete, then successively Messina, Viterbo and finally Nice. The Order arrived on the island on 26 October 1530 on their flagship, LIsle-Adam took formal possession of the islands on 13 November, when the silver key of the capital Mdina was given to the Grand Master. Despite this, the Order settled in the town of Birgu. They settled in Fort Saint Angelo, which served as both a fortification and as a palace, the city was fortified and eventually Auberges for each of the Langues were built. Despite this, the Grand Master and the Order still hoped that one day they would recapture Rhodes, LIsle-Adam died in the Our Lady of Jesus convent in Rabat, Malta on 21 August 1534. He was buried in the Chapel of Saint Anne within Fort Saint Angelo, coins of Grandmaster Philippe Villiers de LIsle-Adam
5. Ramon Perellos y Roccaful – Perellos redirects here, for other uses of the term, see, Perello. He was of Spanish origin and was 60 years old when he was elected as Grand Master, Ramon Perellos was the son of the Eighth Lord of Benetússer and Fifth Baron of Dos Aguas and of María de Rocafull y Vives de Boil, his consort. He joined the Order of Malta at the age of sixteen following family tradition, in 1658 he joined the board of the Master and in 1697 was elected Grand Master and remained so until his death in 1720. Malta had organised the Consulato del Mare for the first time on 1 September 1697 per initiative of Grandmaster Perellos, at the consulate it was decided that four merchants familiar enough with maritime procedures shall be appointed consuls to administer justice, on similar approach to Barcellona and Messina. Perellos had established relations between Malta and Russia in 1698, for the first time, exactly a century before the Orders expulsion from Malta. During his grandmastership the coastal fortifications of Malta were strengthened by the construction of batteries, redoubts and he also was the driving force behind the third rate squadron of the order which was eventually inaugurated in 1705. In 1707 he entrusted Romano Carapecchia with the reorganization of the system in Valletta. He died after 22 years as a ruler, due to illness and his coat of arms was represented by three black pears against a golden background. His funerary monument is found in the Co-Cathedral of St. John in Valletta and is considered to be one of the best examples of art in Malta. Soon after his appointment, Ramon Perellos became very active in correcting cases of corruption, one such case involved the request by knights to receive graces and be nominated to the title of Gran Croce di Grazia. This title implied that a knight could replace a knight of the Great Cross upon the latters death. The pleas of Perellos to eliminate such prejudicial recommendations were considered legitimate by Pope Innocent XII who agreed to forbid them. Perellos dedicated many of his efforts to stop the attacks at sea by Ottoman pirates and he ordered the knight of St. Pierre of the French Royal Naval Fleet to build a new war fleet to fight the Ottoman scourge. Meanwhile, the old galleys, together with the might of an armed with 80 cannons. The Grand Masters new fleet was ready in port by 1706 and was headed by the knight of St. Pierre. Three large vessels were launched that year by the names St. Vincent, St. Joseph, shortly afterwards, the fleet sailed west, where they encountered three Tunisian vessels, one of which was seized and incorporated into the fleet under the name of Santa Croce. He was subsequently nominated Lieutenant General of the Maltese fleet, in 1709, the Grand Masters fleet anticipated and repelled eight Turkish vessels which attempted to infiltrate the island of Gozo. During the same year, the Grand Master sent part of his fleet to repel a Turkish unit which was threatening Calabria
6. Jean Parisot de Valette – Fra Jean Parisot de Valette was a French nobleman and 49th Grand Master of the Order of Malta, from 21 August 1557 to his death in 1568. As a Knight Hospitaller, joining the order in the Langue de Provence, Grandmaster La Valette did not live to see Valletta completed as he died at the age of 74 and was followed by Grandmaster Pietro De Monte. Jean Parisots grandfather, Bernard de Valette, was a Knight and Kings Orderly, Jean Parisot was a distant cousin of Jean Louis de Nogaret de La Valette, first Duke of Épernon. In his history of the Order of St. Little else is known about de Valettes early life, De Valette joined the Order when he was 20 years old in around 1514, and he never returned to France or his family estates from that day on. After the loss of Rhodes, the Order was granted the Maltese Islands, in 1537 Valette became Governor of Tripoli, where he tried to restore order within the vulnerable city. In 1538 he was imprisoned in the Gozo prison for 4 months after attacking a man, in 1541 Valette was involved in a naval battle against Abd-ur-Rahman Kust Aly, in which he was wounded and his galley, the San Giovanni, was captured. De Valette was taken as a slave for a year by Barbary pirates under the command of Turgut Reis but was later freed during an exchange of prisoners. In 1554 he was elected Captain General of the Orders galleys and this was a great honour to the Langue of Provence, as throughout most of the Orders history, the position of Grand Admiral was usually held by a Knight Grand Cross of the Italian Langue. In fact both sides had extremely talented sailors, De Valette was described by Abbe de Branthome as being a very handsome man, speaking several languages fluently including Italian, Spanish, Greek, Arabic and Turkish. In 1557, upon the death of Grand Master Claude de la Sengle, in 1560 he formed an alliance with the Habsburg Empire to reconquer Tripoli, but the expedition resulted in a Christian defeat at the Battle of Djerba. Despite this the Orders galleys were able to rescue several other Christian vessels, and later on in his reign, De Valette greatly strengthened the Orders navy. The battle saw the fall of Fort St. Elmo after about a month of fighting, but the Order managed to hold out in Birgu and Senglea until a relief force arrived. As a result of the Orders victory he gained much prestige in Europe and this has been attributed to his sense of modesty and his humility as a warrior monk. After the great siege, he commissioned the construction of the new city of Valletta in 1566, Valletta remains the Maltese capital to this day. De Valette suffered a stroke while praying in a chapel and died soon after on 21 August 1568, De Valette never saw the completed city of Valletta. His tomb can be found in the Crypt of the Conventual Church of the Order, documentary evidence has been found by Bonello that proves Barthélemy was legitimatized in 1568 by a decree of King Charles IX of France. Claims have also put forth that de Valette had at least another daughter, Isabella Guasconi. Isabella later married a Florentine gentleman Stefano Buonaccorsi, but he murdered her on 31 July 1568, after the murder Buonaccorsi escaped the islands with Isabellas wealth and was never heard from again