Category:Businesspeople from Shanghai
Pages in category "Businesspeople from Shanghai"
The following 80 pages are in this category, out of 80 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 80 pages are in this category, out of 80 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. N.E.B. Ezra – Nissim Elias Benjamin Ezra, commonly known as N. E. B. Ezra, was a Baghdadi Jewish publisher and Zionist based in Shanghai and he founded the Shanghai Zionist Association in 1903 and its official newspaper, Israels Messenger, one of Chinas oldest and most sophisticated Jewish periodicals. He served as editor-in-chief of the newspaper for more than 30 years until his death in 1936, influenced by Ezra, his nephews started the newspaper Jewish Tribune in Bombay, India. Nissim Elias Benjamin Ezra was a Baghdadi Jew born in Lahore, British India, an ardent Zionist, he established the Shanghai Zionist Association in 1903 and its official newspaper, Israels Messenger, in 1904. The newspaper was one of Chinas oldest Jewish periodicals, and became one of the most sophisticated under Ezras leadership and he served as Editor-in-Chief of the newspaper for more than 30 years until his death in 1936. It was also circulated in the United States, where it successfully positioned itself as the most authoritative Jewish voice in East Asia, Ezra also served as the main leader of the Shanghai Zionist Association, which had about 100 members in March 1905, for many years. A major financial supporter of the movement was the tycoon Elly Kadoorie, despite their efforts, Zionism did not become a major cause of the wealthy Baghdadi Jews of Shanghai, who were organized as the Shanghai Jewish Community Association. On the other hand, Ezra received support from Sun Yat-sen, Ezras nephews, the Sargon brothers of Bombay, grew up reading Israels Messenger. Ezra held a view of the West, at a time when Europe was dominated by the regimes in Germany and Russia. He saw the East a refuge of humanity, and pleaded for a new Buddha, who, like Moses, Confucius, Jesus and that view made him controversial among the Sephardi Jewish community. If the country is willing to follow him and adopt his teachings then China will be able to move the world in the sense of the word. The view was seen as overly idealistic for the time, when China was faced with threats from Japanese imperialism. On 15 September 1933, Ezra wrote a letter to Mamoru Shigemitsu and he also wrote to Israel Cohen, secretary of the World Zionist Organization in London, for support. Shanghai Sanctuary, Chinese and Japanese Policy Toward European Jewish Refugees During World War II, port Jews, Jewish Communities in Cosmopolitan Maritime Trading Centres, 1550-1950. Jewish Wayfarers in Modern China, Tragedy and Splendor, port of Last Resort, The Diaspora Communities of Shanghai
2. Runje Shaw – Runje Shaw, also known as Shao Zuiweng and Shao Renjie, was a Chinese film entrepreneur, producer, and director. Under Runjes leadership, his younger brothers Runde, Runme, and Run Run established branches of Tianyi in Hong Kong, Shaw was born in 1896 in Zhenhai, Ningbo, Zhejiang province. His birth name was Shao Tongzhang and Renjie was his courtesy name, after founding Tianyi, he went by the hao Zuiweng. He was the oldest of six sons of Shao Yuxuan, owner of the Shanghai textile firm Jin Tai Chang, in 1914 Shaw graduated from Shanghais Shenzhou University with a law degree and worked as a lawyer for the local court of Shanghai. He later went into business, trading textile dyes, silk, paper and he also cofounded the Sino-French Zhenye Bank with several partners and started Huayou Egg Factory, before getting into the theatre business. In early 1922, Shaw managed the theatre Xiao Wutai in Shanghai, among his colleagues were Zhang Shichuan, Zheng Zhengqiu, and Zhou Jianyun, who co-founded Mingxing Film Company. In 1923 Mingxing released the film Orphan Rescues Grandfather to great commercial success, inspired by his former colleagues, Shaw established Tianyi Film Company in 1925. He served as manager and director, while his younger brothers Runde Shaw and Runme Shaw managed accounting. The youngest brother, Run Run Shaw, did odd jobs for the company, Tianyis first film, A Change of Heart, directed by Runje Shaw himself and released in 1925, was highly profitable. A shrewd businessman who understood the audiences preferences, Shaw was one of the first Chinese filmmakers to make use of traditional literature, legends. Tianyi made highly successful films, including costume drama, swordplay. The studios 1925 film Swordswoman Li Feifei is considered the earliest Chinese martial arts film, in 1926, Tianyi released two highly successful costume dramas, The Lovers, and White Snake, both directed by Shaw. In addition to success in the market, White Snake also became the most successful Chinese film in Southeast Asia. Under Shaws leadership, Tianyi was one of the first filmmakers to take the leap from silent films to sound, in 1931, Shaw produced A Singers Story, one of the earliest Chinese sound films, directed by Li Pingqian. Unlike other major studios, which produced politically charged, socially conscious leftist films, by the 1930s, Tianyi had become one of the top Chinese film studios, along with Mingxing and Lianhua. Besides Shanghai, Shaw also established operations in Hong Kong. Just before the Japanese invasion of Shanghai in August 1937, Tianyi shipped its equipment to Hong Kong and its studio in Shanghai was destroyed when the Japanese occupied the city, and Shaw closed Tianyi. After World War II and the Communist victory in mainland China, Runje Shaw retired from the film industry and his younger brothers, meanwhile, rebuilt their businesses in Singapore and Hong Kong
3. Mike Medavoy – Morris Mike Medavoy was born in 1941, in Shanghai, China. His father, Michael, was a mechanic, and his mother. His parents were both from Jewish families and his mother was born in Harbin, Manchuria and his father was born in Ukraine. Medavoy lived in Chile from 1947 to 1957, and he studied at the Liceo Valentín Letelier de Santiago and he became an American citizen in 1963. and graduated from UCLA that same year. Medavoy began his career at Universal Studios in 1964, in 1965 he became an agent at the General Artists Corporation and later moving into the vice president position of the Creative Management Agency. He became Creative Managements vice president of the picture department in 1967. In 1974, United Artists brought Medavoy in as vice president of production. There, he was part of the responsible for One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, Rocky, and Annie Hall. United Artists made a number of notable films at the time, including Apocalypse Now, Raging Bull, Network. In 1978, Medavoy co-founded Orion Pictures, during his tenure there, Orion released films such notable and successful films as Platoon, Amadeus, Robocop, Hannah and Her Sisters, The Terminator, Dances with Wolves, and The Silence of the Lambs. In 1995, Medavoy co-founded Phoenix Pictures, as its chairman and CEO, Medavoy co-produced such films as The People vs. Larry Flint, The Mirror Has Two Faces, U Turn, Apt Pupil, The Thin Red Line, The 6th Day, Basic, All the Kings Men, Zodiac, Pathfinder and Miss Potter, the Thin Red Line and The People vs. Phoenix Pictures has produced Shutter Island and Black Swan, Shutter Island was released on February 19,2010, earning over $42 million its opening weekend. Black Swan was directed by Darren Aronofsky and won awards including the Oscar®. In 2011, Medavoy announced his newest project surrounding the 2010 Chilean mining accident that left 33 men trapped underground for 69 days, also in 2011, Medavoy announced his collaboration with The Shanghai Film Group to create both a feature film and six-hour miniseries. The feature, an adaptation of the novel The Cursed Piano, is a story set in Japanese-occupied China concerning prosecuted Jews seeking refuge from an occupied Europe. The mini-series, Tears of a Sparrow, will focus in greater detail on the experience of these Jews in Shanghai and he is also working on an adaptation of Dandelion Wine, adapted from the novel of the same name by Ray Bradbury. In 2015, it was announced that he and Eric Esrailian are producing The Promise starring Oscar Isaac and he is a member of the board of directors of the University of Tel Aviv
4. Oscar Tang – According to published sources, it is believed that he has given away 200-250 millions to philanthropy. Among other recognitions for his philanthropy, Tang is an honoree of the Carnegie Corporations Great Immigrants, in 2008, he gave $25 million to Phillips Academy in what was the schools largest ever single contribution. In 2014, he donated an additional $15 million to Andover to establish the Tang Institute at Andover. At The Rectory School in Pomfret, Connecticut, Tang donated the P. Y, Tang resides in New York City and Vail, Colorado with his wife. Tang was honored as Vail Valleys Citizen of the Year in 2004, in June 2016, Oscar L. Tang was honored by the Metropolitan Museum with its Business Committee Civic Leadership Award for his service and contribution as a longtime trustee and philanthropist. Tang was born in Shanghai, China, and his family fled from the country when the Communist revolution took over in 1949, Tang graduated from The Rectory School in Pomfret, Connecticut in 1953. He attended the St. Johnsbury Academy in Vermont, where he was the first Chinese student at the school, in 2013, he returned to St. Johnsbury as its Commencement Speaker. He later enrolled at Phillips Academy in Andover as a tenth grader and his future wife, Frances Young, attended Andovers sister school, Abbot Academy, and she went on to Skidmore College. Tangs lifelong dedication to Andover as the largest donor in the schools history, Tang was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon at Yale University and received a Bachelor of Science degree. In 1960, Tang married Frances Young, Tang received an M. B. A degree from Harvard Business School. His wife graduated from Skidmore in 1961, wen was the first Chinese to be documented in the Northampton, MA census in 1880. After his return to China, he served as a high-level foreign service official. He was widely respected for his business success and as a civic leader, Tang received many honors in his lifetime including Justice of the Peace and Order of the British Empire. He died in Hong Kong in 1971, Oscar Tang has talked about his familys roots in American education publicly and attributes his own experience and philanthropy to his family history. Tang began his career at Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette, or DLJ, in 1970, Tang founded an investment firm known as Reich and Tang in New York City. He headed the firm until 1993 and it is now part of the investment bank Natixis. His wife Frances Young Tang was a philanthropist who specialized in landmark preservation, in 1992, she died at the age of 53 from cancer. A gallery at the Metropolitan Museum of Art is named after her, as is the Tang Art Museum at Skidmore College and she was a stepdaughter of the Chinese diplomat Wellington Koo
5. Tung Chee-hwa – Tung Chee-hwa, GBM is a Shanghai-born Hong Kong businessman and politician. He was the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong from the transfer of sovereignty on 1 July 1997 to 12 March 2005 and he is currently the vice-chairman of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference. Born as the eldest son of Chinese shipping magnate Tung Chao Yung who founded Orient Overseas Container Line, four years later, OOCL teetered on the edge of bankruptcy, and the business was saved by the Peoples Republic of China government through Henry Fok in 1986. He was appointed a member of the Executive Council of Hong Kong by the last British Governor Chris Patten in 1992. He was tipped as Beijings favourite as the first Chief Executive of the Hong Kong SAR, in 1996, he was elected the chief executive by a 400-member Selection Committee. His government was embroiled with a series of crises, including the bird flu, in 2002, he was re-elected without competition. In 2003, more than 500,000 protesters demanded Tung to step down in the light of the legislation of the Hong Kong Basic Law Article 23. Tung resigned in the middle of his term on 10 March 2005. After his resignation, he was appointed chairman of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference by the Beijing government. He remains influential in Hong Kong politics, Tung was born in Shanghai on 7 July 1937, 29th day of the fifth lunar month in 1937 in the Chinese calendar into an influential shipping magnate family of Tung Chao Yung. Tung Chao Yung was the founder of the Orient Overseas Container Line and his younger brother, Tung Chee-chen, was ranked as the 23rd wealthiest man in Hong Kong in 2009, worth US$900 million. In January 2008, Tung and his family were ranked as the 16th wealthiest in Hong Kong and his father moved the family to Hong Kong a year of the Chinese Communist Party took over China, when Tung was 12 years old. His father remained closed to Chiang Kai-sheks Kuomintang government on Taiwan, in which the logo OCCL has been plum blossom, in the 1950s, Tung attended the Chung Wah Middle School, a leftist school later shut down by the Hong Kong Government. He was sent abroad to study at the Liverpool University, leaving him with a passion for Liverpool Football Club. From Liverpool he was sent to the United States before he returned to Hong Kong and he took over his family business in 1981. However, in 1985, his company was heavily in debt, Henry Fok, a pro-Beijing businessman took initiative and helped Tungs family, with the support of the Beijing government. Tung became close to the Communist authorities in Beijing afterward, in 1993, he was appointed to the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference, the top advisory body of China. On 11 December 1996, he was elected by a 400-member Selection Committee, receiving 320 votes and beating former judge Yang Ti-liang and he sworn in as the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on the day of transfer of sovereignty on 1 July 1997
6. Angelababy – Yang Ying, better known by her stage name Angelababy, is a Chinese-born model, actress, and singer based in Hong Kong. Her stage name came from the combination of her English name Angela and she is chosen by Southern Metropolis Daily as one of the New Four Dan Actresses. Yang Ying was born on 28 February 1989 in Shanghai, to a father from Hong Kong, who is of half Chinese and half German descent, and her birth name is Yang Ying. Her father runs a business in Shanghai. She gained an interest in fashion as a child under her fathers influence and she said in an interview, Even though he sells more mature clothes, I loved going to his store and trying on new outfits, and mixing and matching them. I think thats how I developed a passion for fashion, Yang moved to Hong Kong when she was thirteen, and signed a modeling contract with Style International Management at the age of 14. Although her English name is Angela, she was sometimes called Baby during her primary and secondary school years and she combined these two names to form her stage name, Angelababy. She speaks Mandarin, Cantonese, Shanghainese and English, Angelababy debuted as an actress in the movie Trival Matters in 2007, where she had a 5-minute cameo in the film. She then starred in films as supporting roles, as well as appearing in music videos. In 2011, Angelababy had her first leading role in the film Love You You alongside Eddie Peng and she sung a duet with JJ Lin titled Bottom of the Heart as part of the movies soundtrack. In 2012, Angelababy starred in Black & White Episode I and she reunited with co-star Mark Chao in another film, First Time, a remake of the 2003 Korean movie. Her performance garnered her Most Anticipated Actress award at the 13th Chinese Film Media Awards, the same year, she starred in kungfu comedy, Tai Chi O and its sequel Tai Chi Hero. In 2013, Angelababy starred in Tsui Harks crime action film Young Detective Dee, Rise of the Sea Dragon and she won the Most Popular Actress award at the 21st Beijing College Student Film Festival. She then starred in Crimes of Passion alongside Huang Xiaoming and Korean actor Jae Hee, in 2014, Angelababy joined the cast of Hurry Up, Brother, a spin-off from the South Korean variety program Running Man. She gained widespread fame, and became a household name, the same year, she starred alongside fellow Hurry Up, Brother cast Michael Chen in romance film Love on the Cloud. Angelababy was crowned Weibo Goddess, as well as Weibo Queen for the year 2014 and she also ranked 12th on Forbes China with an estimated income of 41 million yuan. In 2015, she starred alongside Ni Ni in Bride Wars and she made her Hollywood film debut in Hitman, Agent 47. In September, Angelababy starred in her first television drama, Love Yunge from the Desert, the same year, Angelababy starred in Mojin, The Lost Legend, based on the fantasy novel Ghost Blows Out the Light
7. Chang Chia-juch – Chang Chia-juch was the Minister of Economic Affairs of the Republic of China from 2013 to 2014. A native of Shanghai, Chang obtained his bachelors degree in engineering from National Cheng Kung University. He continued his masters degree in the field from San Jose State University in the United States. He added that the MOEA has created a team to inspect the overall system of the plant over the six months to end the controversy. Speaking at a trade show in mid April 2013, Chang spoke about Taiwans young electric vehicle industry. However, he acknowledged the current stumbling blocks for common usage of electric vehicle, especially on the current technology, the flu will also hit Taiwans consumption, production and export-related sectors if the outbreak gets worse. He also reassure people to be more optimistic on the annual GDP growth, in mid May 2014 during the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Ministerial meeting in Qingdao, Shandong, Chang had a meeting with PRC Minister of Commerce Gao Hucheng. Gao promised that the Mainland side will continue their internal coordination and reiterated Beijings effort to promote a win-win condition for cross-strait exchanges
8. John Chiang (Taiwan) – John Chiang or Chiang Hsiao-yen, formerly surnamed Chang, is a Kuomintang politician in Taiwan. He is the grandson of Chiang Kai-shek, former leader of the Republic of China and he and his identical twin brother, Winston Chang, both illegitimate, were born the sons of Chiang Ching-kuo and his mistress Chang Ya-juo in Guilin amid the Sino-Japanese War. Chang Ya-juo died when the brothers were one year old in August 1942 and their uncle and aunt were listed as their natural parents on official documents until December 2002, when the true parents were listed. Chou Chin-hua, the maternal grandmother, and the 7-year-old brothers moved to Taiwan amid the Chinese Civil War. They were not informed that Chiang Ching-kuo was their father until they were in high school, the Chang brothers went to Soochow University at the same time. John later obtained an M. S. from Georgetown University, with Helen H. Huang, he has two daughters, Hui-lan and Hui-yun, and a son, Wan-an. In March 2005, he changed his surname to Chiang, saying, The change represents a respect for history, a return to the facts. He also announced that his children would follow suit, Chiang began his career in the foreign service, serving in the ROC embassy in Washington, DC from 1974 to 1977. In the 1980s, he held administrative posts in the ROC Foreign Ministry specializing in North American Affairs. He was Administrative Vice Minister from 1986 to 1990, Director General, of the Overseas Affairs Department in 1990, in 1993 he was appointed to the cabinet-level post of Chairman of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission and served as a member of the KMT Central Standing Committee. He was selected a member of the National Assembly in 1996 and he was Foreign Minister from 1996 to 1997, vice premier in 1997, and Secretary-General of the presidential office in 1999. He was speculated as a running mate for Lien Chan on the KMT ticket in the 2000 presidential elections until a sex scandal involving a mistress caused him to resign on 22 December 1999. His alleged mistress strenuously denied the allegations, filing suit against the newspaper which had named her, Chang announced his candidacy for the December 2001 legislative elections in March 2001. One of his opponents in the December 2001 elections was his alleged 1999 mistress and he served as the Chairman of Interior Affairs Committee while in the legislature. In January 2006, Chiang declared his candidacy as a KMT candidate for the Taipei Mayor, at the end of March 2007, Chiang staged a rally at the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall in support of his grandfather, late President Chiang Kai-shek. In the 2008 Republic of China legislative election, John Chiang won re-election in his district of Taipei City North, the poll was made binding for the KMT nomination and Lo Shu-lei was later elected to the Legislative Yuan. Chiang Wan-an subsequently won the KMT primary in May 2015, quickly gaining name recognition thanks in part to his chats with prospective voters as they waited for garbage trucks, John Chiangs participation in his sons campaign was limited to moral support and babysitting his sons grandchildren. John Chiang has said that the Diaoyu islands, which are disputed between the Republic of China and Japan, belong to all Chinese people
9. Chang Kia-ngau – Chang Kia-ngau, courtesy name Gōngquán, was a Chinese banker, politician, and scholar. Chang was born in 1889 in Jiading outside of Shanghai and his grandfather was a Qing dynasty official and his father a doctor, so he and his siblings enjoyed educational opportunities not available to most of their countrymen. While his brother, Carsun Chang distinguished himself in the world of politics, Chang Kia-ngau was a supporter of reform in China and started his public service career in 1910 as editor-in-chief of the Official Gazette published by the Ministry of Communications. In 1913 he started his banking career assistant manager of the Bank of China in Shanghai and he distinguished himself just a few years later in 1916 when he refused a request by Yuan Shikai to stop redeeming banknotes for silver. By 1923, the Bank of China was almost exclusively owned by private, Shanghai-based shareholders, in 1928, T. V. Soong tried quite aggressively to assert control over the bank, but Chang and the directors resisted, so Soong created the Central Bank of China. Chang agreed to finance the new central banks creation in exchange for a measure of independence, changs interest was the development of the country, particularly railroad and other infrastructure development, even if such projects were not particularly profitable for the bank. Chang Kia-ngau was removed as manager of the Bank of China and was offered a lesser role with the Central Bank. He declined the offer, but in December 1935, accepted the position of Minister of Railways, during much of the Sino-Japanese War, Chang served as Minister of Communications, accompanying the central government from Nanking to Chungking. After mid-1943, he was frequently in the U. S. promoting aid to the Republic of China and negotiation post-war arrangements and he wrote a book on railroad development which was published in the U. S. at a time when interest in China was high. After the War, he was appointed Economic Commissioner for Manchuria, after his departure from China, Chang moved to the US and was a senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. He died on October 13,1979 in Palo Alto, California and his wife, Chang Pihya, died in Palo Alto on May 17,1997
10. James S. C. Chao – James Si-Cheng Chao is a Chinese-American merchant mariner, business leader, and philanthropist. He is the founder of the Foremost Group, a New York-based shipping, trading, Chao Scholarship is named after him. Chao was born on December 29,1927 in a small, rural farming village in Jiading District, outside Shanghai and his parents were Yi-Ren Chao, an elementary school principal, and Yu-Chin Hsu Chao, they were farmers who emphasized the value of education. Chao attended upper schools near Shanghai, including Shanghai Jiao Tong University and he finished his coursework in 1949, and went to sea as a cadet on a merchant vessel. At the climax of Chinas civil war, Chaos ship went to Taiwan, in the mid-1950s, Chao advanced through the ranks to become one of the youngest ocean-going marine captains of that time, at the age of 29. He moved to the United States in 1958, settling in New York City the same year He received a degree in management from St. Johns University, Queens. In 1964, after receiving his MBA, Chao founded Foremost Group, in July 2014, it was reported that Chaos Foremost Shipping had 15 ships in its fleet, but construction was underway for an additional 8 capesize bulkers. In late August 2014, the Ping May, a vessel of Foremost Shipping, was inspected by Colombian officials. They found approximately 40 kilograms of cocaine hidden among the cargo of coal. The cocaine was found in forty separate packages, the Center will be a new building dedicated to executive education, the first building on campus named after a woman and of an Asian surname. Chao was awarded an honorary LL. D. degree from Niagara University in 1992, Chao is the first winner of the Chinese American Academic and Professional Society Distinguished Lifetime Achievement Award. He was awarded the Ellis Island Medal of Honor, the U. S. Department of Homeland Security, Citizen and Immigration Service recognized him in February 2008 as an Outstanding American by Choice. In 2009, he was inducted into the Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans, also, Nyack College conferred upon him the honorary D. Litt. Chao continues as its Trustee Emeritus, Chao has served for more than a decade as Chairman of both the Chiao-Tung University Alumni Association in America and the Chiao-Tung University Alumni Foundation of America from 1988-1999. Chao first met his wife, Ruth Mulan Chu Chao. In 1949, each relocated separately to Taiwan at the culmination of the Chinese Civil War, in 1958, Chao left behind his then 7-month pregnant wife and two young children when he moved to the United States, where they rejoined him in 1961. The Chaos had six daughters, Elaine, Jeanette, May, Christine, Grace and she is the 18th United States Secretary of Transportation under the current administration. She is married to the current Majority Leader of the United States Senate, Ruth Mulan Chu Chao died on August 2,2007
11. Jenova Chen – Xinghan Chen, known professionally as Jenova Chen, is a Chinese video game designer. He is the designer of the award-winning games Cloud, Flow, Flower, and Journey, Chen is from Shanghai, where he earned a bachelors degree in computer science with a minor in digital art and design. He then moved to the United States, where he earned a degree from the University of Southern Californias Interactive Media Division. While there he created Cloud and Flow, and met fellow student Kellee Santiago, after a brief period at Maxis working on Spore, he founded Thatgamecompany with Santiago and became the companys creative director. The company signed a deal with Sony Computer Entertainment, and has sold Flow, Flower. As Chen was born in a other than the culture he now lives in. His goal with his games is to video games mature as a medium by making games that inspire emotional responses in the player that other games are lacking. Chen was born in Shanghai on October 8,1981, and his parents were a middle-class family, and his father worked in the software development industry, having previously worked on one of the earliest giant computers in China. Although Chen was interested in art and drawing as a child, his father influenced him towards computers. He found himself interested in games that he saw there. These experiences drove him to try to create types of feelings in games as an adult. It was during high school that he chose the English name Jenova after a character in Final Fantasy VII, still interested in video games, he was involved in making three video games as part of a student group while in school. He also considered working in animation for films. He then went to the United States to earn a degree in the School of Cinematic Arts at the University of Southern California. Chen studied in the Interactive Media Program, a new division of the School of Cinematic Arts and his intention at the time was to use the degree to get the kind of job he wanted back in China. While at USC he met Kellee Santiago, another student in the program. The idea was based on himself, as when he was a child he was often hospitalized for asthma. It was designed as an attempt to expand the spectrum of emotions video games evoke