Pages in category "C9 League"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. C9 League – Together they account for 3% of the countrys researchers but receive 10% of national research expenditures. They produce 20% of the publications and 30% of total citations. Peking University and Tsinghua University are in Beijing, the capital, fudan University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University are in Shanghai, an economic center and a municipality of China. Nanjing University is in Nanjing of Jiangsu province, University of Science and Technology of China is in Hefei of Anhui province. Zhejiang University is in Hangzhou of Zhejiang province and these five universities are in the greater Yangtze River Delta region. Xian Jiaotong University is in Xian of Shaanxi province, a key city in West China, the C9 League was established by the Chinese central government on May 4,1998 with the goal of advancing the Chinese higher education system. The establishment of the C9 League was a part of the Chinese central governments Project 985, in the first phase, the nine universities were selected and allocated funding for an initial period of three years. On October 10,2009, these nine universities made up the C9 League, the aim of the C9 is to serve as a network of elite universities to improve education and research in China. More importantly, they have committed themselves to world-class excellence, list of universities in China Project 985 Higher education in China Golden Triangle Chinas Ivy League. The Malaysian Insider,16 October 2009, China establishes group of Ivy League universities
2. Fudan University – Fudan University, located in Shanghai, China, is one of the most prestigious and selective universities in China, It is consistently ranked in the worlds top 100 most academic universities. It is also a member in the C9 League and its institutional predecessor was founded in 1905, shortly before the end of Chinas imperial Qing dynasty. Fudan is now composed of four campuses in downtown Shanghai, including Handan, Fenglin, Zhangjiang, and Jiangwan, Fudan, formerly romanized as Fuh Tan, was initially known as Fudan Public School in 1905. In 1911 during the Xinhai Revolution the college was taken up as the headquarters of the Guangfu Army, the university motto comes from Analects Book 19.6, which means to learn extensively and adhere to aspirations, to inquire earnestly and reflect with self application. In 1917, Fudan Public School became a university named the Private Fudan University. After the Japanese invasion of China in 1937, Fudan moved with the Kuomintang government to the city of Beibei, Chongqing. Fudan University then became National Fudan University, after the end of World War II, it moved back to Shanghai. Fudan was the first university to be adjusted by the new government in 1952, the original departments were changed, and Arts and Science departments from at least ten other universities in eastern China were added. In the 1970s, after the Cultural Revolution, the university was changed to a modern, Fudan University and Shanghai Medical University were merged on April 27,2000. It has 40 national key disciplines granted by the Ministry of Education, at present, it has 77 research institutes,112 cross-disciplinary research institutes and 5 national key laboratories. See a list of schools and departments at Fudan, Fudan University enrolls over 45,000, including full-time students and students in continuing education and online education. Additionally, there are nearly 1,760 students from overseas, Fudan University has 10 teaching hospitals, such as Zhongshan Hospital and Huashan Hospital, integrating medical service, medicine education and research. These hospitals have state-of-the-art equipment and sophisticated technology, over 900 highly qualified staff, Fudan University has an International Students Dormitory, a building reserved as living quarters for any students from countries other than China studying either degree or non-degree programs. Notable alumni include Jennifer Chu and Audrey Lamsam of Arcadia, California and this organisation first stemmed from their studies as non-degree Chinese students at the university. Fudan is a member of Universitas 21, an consortium of research-driven universities. Dr. Ren Xiao is the director of the Center for the Study of Chinese Foreign Policy, the Guanghua Twin Towers standing in the center of the campus reach 140.5 meters, reportedly the highest buildings ever constructed in a university campus in China. The High School Affiliated to Fudan University, located on the Handan campus, is one of the most prestigious schools in Shanghai. Fudan University Library was formally established in 1922, previously known as the Reading Room of Wu Wu, today it comprises the Liberal Arts Library, the Science Library and the Medical Library, with a total floor of 29,000 square meters
3. Nanjing University – Nanjing University, or Nanking University, located in Nanjing, China, is one of the oldest and most prestigious institutions of higher learning in China. Before the eve of establishment of Peoples Republic of China in 1949, Nanjing University is a top comprehensive research university. It is a member of the C9 League and Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance and it is a national university directly under the Ministry of Education of China, largely funded by national and Jiangsu provincial governments, also with other income sources including donations. In 1403 Peking Guozijian was established, the publishing house of Nanking Imperial University had been a publishing centre for several hundred years. Wu Chengen and Zheng Chenggong studied there during the Ming dynasty, each time when Nanking became a non-capital city, the Nanking Imperial University was changed to be regional Nanking Academy. The Imperial Nanking University was changed to Nanking Academy in 1650 after Qing dynasty replaced Ming dynasty, the ancient school history was recognized during ROC. In 1954 the school authority controlled by CPC decided to set the starting to establish the modern new type school Sanjiang Normal College as the schools new founding year. The name was changed to Liangjiang Normal College in 1906, the school established the Chinas first faculty of modern gymnastics in 1916. The China Science Society, a major organization in the modern history of China. Its members established Academia Sinica which was moved to Taiwan. Numerous Chinese modern science pioneers, most of whom studied in America and some European countries such as Britain, France and Germany and it became the Chinese cradle of modern science. Among 81 academicians of Academia Sinica elected for the first time in 1948, more than half of the leading Chinese scientists whose works were published in scientific journals in the early period of Chinese modern science were graduates or academics of Nanjing University. Kuo Ping-wen, a university president, was appointed in 1919 after Jiang Qian. The school became the first higher learning institution in China to recruit coeducational students and it enrolled eight women students in the first year 1920, and in addition, more than 50 female auditing students were admitted. In 1921 the National Southeastern University was founded, and in 1923 Nanking Higher Normal School was merged into it, in the autumn of 1921, the Faculty of Business established in 1917 was moved to Shanghai to establish the first business school conferring degrees in China. The university consisted of five colleges at the time, Liberal Arts, Education, Agriculture, Engineering, the earliest modern scientific research laboratories and groups in China were established at the university. It integrated teaching and research, with status of independence and academic freedom. In October 1921, Hsuehheng Society was founded in the university which was the focus of the Hsuehheng School included the scholars Liu Yizheng, Liu Boming, Mei Guangdi, Wu Mi and they reinvigorated Confucian culture and humanism and published the monthly Critical Review in January 1922
4. Peking University – Peking University, is a major Chinese research university located in Beijing and a member of the C9 League. It is the first modern national university established in China, founded as the Imperial University of Peking in 1898 as a replacement of the ancient Taixue or Guozijian and it also served as the highest administration for education in China at the beginning of its founding. By 1920, it had become a center for progressive thought, Peking University is consistently ranked as the top higher learning institution in mainland China. In addition to academics, Peking University is especially renowned for its campus grounds, and the beauty of its traditional Chinese architecture. Throughout its history, the university has educated and hosted many prominent modern Chinese thinkers, including such as, Mao Zedong, Lu Xun, Gu Hongming, Mao Dun, Li Dazhao. Peking University was influential in the birth of Chinas New Culture Movement, May Fourth Movement, when it was established on July 3,1898, the school was known as the Imperial University of Peking. It was established to replace Taixue or Guozijian, or Imperial Academy, in 1912, following the Xinhai Revolution, the Imperial University was renamed National Peking University. Cai, inspired by the German model of freedom, recruited an intellectually diverse faculty that included Hu Shih, Chen Duxiu. In 1919, students of Peking University formed the bulk of the protesters of the May Fourth Movement, efforts by the Beiyang government to end the protests by sealing off the Peking University campus led to Cais resignation. In 1920, Peking University became the first Chinese university to accept female students, after the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, Peking University moved to Changsha and formed the Changsha Temporary University along with Tsinghua University and Nankai University. In 1938, the three schools moved again, this time to Kunming, and formed the National Southwestern Associated University, in 1946, after World War II, Peking University moved back to Beijing. At that time, the university comprised six schools, and an institute for humanities. The total student enrollment grew up to 3,000, in 1949, after the Peoples Republic of China was established, Peking University lost its national appellation to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public. In 1952, Mao Zedongs government re-grouped the countrys higher education institutions with individual institutions tending to specialize in a field of study. As a result, some arts and science faculties of Tsinghua University, at the same time, however, the university lost its Law, Medicine, Engineering and Agriculture schools. These schools and faculties were merged into other universities or to found new colleges. During the re-grouping, Yenching University was closed up, Peking University moved from downtown Beijing to the former Yenching campus. The first disturbances of the Cultural Revolution began at Peking University in 1966, in 2000, Beijing Medical University was merged back into Peking University and became the Peking University Health Science Campus
5. Shanghai Jiao Tong University – Shanghai Jiao Tong University is a public research university in Shanghai, China. It is one of the nine members in the C9 League of universities, the word Jiao Tong, formerly romanized as Chiao Tung, means transportation or communication. It reflects the universitys root — it was founded by the Ministry of Posts, in 1896, the Nanyang Public School was founded in Shanghai by an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the imperial government. Four schools were established, a school, a school of foreign studies, a middle school. In 1904, the Ministry of Commerce took over the school, in 1906, the college was placed under the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs, and its name was changed to Shanghai Industrial College of the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs. In 1918, the government founded the School of Management. In 1920, the Government Institute of Technology of the Communications Ministry merged with two colleges and changed its name to Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung. In the 1930s, it was achieved renown for nurturing top engineers, in 1938, the Ministry of Education took over the university and renamed it to National Chiao Tung University. In 1943, the school was founded. When the Japanese surrendered in 1945, neither the Communist Party of China nor the Kuomintang KMT trusted each other or were actively cooperating, after American-sponsored attempts to negotiate a coalition government failed in 1946, the Chinese Civil War resumed. The CPC defeated the Nationalists in 1949, forcing Chiangs government to retreat to Taiwan, during the evacuation, a part of faculty and alumni was taken to Taiwan by Chiang Kai-shek, founding National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan in 1958. After the Chinese Civil War, the Peoples Republic of China was founded in 1949, Chiao Tung lost its National appellation and became Chiao Tung University to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public. In the 1950s, the romanization system was developed in Mainland China. From 1952, the Communist government adopted a policy of creating Soviet-style specialized schools, a massive rearrangement came in 1956 for the school when the central government ordered the university move to Xian, in the western Chinese province of Shaanxi. Afterwards, about 1959, the portion was officially renamed Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Shanghai Second Medical University was merged into Shanghai Jiao Tong University on July 18,2005, since the reform and opening up policy in China, SJTU has grown substantially. It is composed of five campuses, including Xuhui, Minhang, Luwan, Qibao, in 2013, François Hollande inaugurated the SJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology, an institution based on the French engineering education system. Its total enrollment of students amounts to 42,881, of which 1,598 are international students, there are 17,766 undergraduates, and 24,017 masters and Ph. D. candidates
6. Tsinghua University – Tsinghua University is a research university located in Beijing, China, established in 1911. With strong research and training, Tsinghua University is consistently ranked as one of the top institutions in China. In the aftermath of the Boxer Rebellion, American Secretary of State John Hay suggested that the US $30 million plus Boxer indemnity paid by China to the United States was excessive. The faculty members for sciences were recruited by the YMCA from the United States, in 1925, the school established its College Department and started its research institute on Chinese studies. In 1928, Tsinghua changed its name to National Tsing Hua University, after the war, Tsinghua moved back to Beijing and resumed its operations. When the Cultural Revolution began in 1966, many university students walked out of the classrooms and it was not until 1978, after the Cultural Revolution had ended, that the university began to take in students again. Even so, Tsinghua University remained in the top tier of schools in China, since the 1980s, the university has incorporated a multidisciplinary system. As a result, several schools were re-incorporated, in 1996, Tsinghua School of Economics and Management established partnership with the Sloan School of Management at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. One year later, Tsinghua and MIT founded the MBA program Tsinghua-MIT Global MBA, most national and international university rankings place Tsinghua amongst the best universities in Mainland China. Admission to Tsinghua is extremely competitive, admission to Tsinghuas graduate schools is also very competitive, with, for example, only about 16% of MBA applicants admitted each year. With its motto of Self-Discipline and Social Commitment, Tsinghua University describes itself as being dedicated to academic excellence, the well-being of Chinese society and to global development. The motto goes back to a speech with the title Gentleman given by Liang Qichao in 1914, as of 2003, Tsinghua University has 12 colleges and 48 departments,41 research institutes,35 research centers, and 167 laboratories, including 15 national key laboratories. The university offers 51 bachelors degree programs,139 masters degree programs and 107 PhD programs, recently, Tsinghua has become the first Chinese university to offer a Master of Laws program in American law, through a cooperative venture with the Temple University Beasley School of Law. The university is a member of LAOTSE, a network of leading universities in Europe. Each year, the University celebrates the Intellectual Property Summer Institute in cooperation with Franklin Pierce Law Center of Concord and it has its own editorial, Tsinghua University Press. These scholars will live on the university campus at Schwarzman College, as of 2014, Tsinghua University has 19 schools and 55 departments covering a broad range of subjects, including science, engineering, arts and literature, social sciences, medicine. Department of Mathematical Sciences was established in 1927, as one of the premier Departments of Mathematical Sciences in China, DMS has produced many famous Chinese mathematicians such as Shiing-Shen Chern and Luogeng Hua. In 1952, Tsinghua DMS was merged with the Peking University Department of Mathematical Sciences, then in 1979 it was renamed Department of Applied Mathematics, and renamed again in 1999 to its current title
7. University of Science and Technology of China – The University of Science and Technology of China is a national research university in Hefei, Anhui, China, under the direct leadership of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. It is a member of the C9 League formed by nine top universities in China, founded in Beijing by the CAS in September 1958, it was moved to Hefei in the beginning of 1970 during the Cultural Revolution. USTC was founded with the mission of addressing urgent needs to improve Chinas economy, defense infrastructure and its core strength is scientific and technological research, and more recently has expanded into humanities and management with a strong scientific and engineering emphasis. In 2012 the Institute of Advanced Technology, University of Science, USTC was founded in Beijing by the Chinese Academy of Sciences in September 1958. The Director of CAS, Mr. Guo Moruo was appointed the first president of USTC, uSTCs founding mission was to develop a high-level science and technology workforce, as deemed critical for development of Chinas economy, defense, and science and technology education. The establishment was hailed as A Major Event in the History of Chinese Education, CAS has supported USTC by combining most of its institutes with the departments of the university. USTC is listed in the top 16 national key universities, becoming the youngest national key university, in 1969, USTC was moved to Hefei, the capital of Anhui province. USTC set up the first graduate school in China in 1978, the campus for graduate study in Hefei was established in 1986. Original campus for study in Beijing was later renamed the Graduate School of the CAS in 2001. In 1995, USTC was amongst the first batch of universities obtaining support through the National 9th Five-Year Plan, in 1999, USTC was singled out as one of the 9 universities enjoying priority support from the nations Plan of Vitalizing Education Action Geared to the 21st Century. Since September 2002, USTC has been implementing its Project 211 construction during the 10th National Development Plan, professor Zhou Guangzhao, USTC Honorary President, Chairman and Honorary Chairman of the China Association of Science and Technology, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. It upholds the combination of science technology, teaching with research. In a short period, USTC has turned into a national key university of science and technology, with emphasis on the forefront of science and high. USTC also offers management studies involved with science and technology and the humanities, USTC is regarded by the Ministry of Science and Technology as one of the 4 universities with best scientific research performance in China. It ranks among the best in the review of Chinese top universities by the US journal Science, USTC offers 43 undergraduate specialties,17 first-category Ph. D. degree programs,89 second-category Ph. D. degree programs,105 second-category masters degree specialties. It becomes the key base for the education of the Ph. D. students within the CAS, USTC has three national research institutions and 6 key laboratories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. It also has some key scientific research such as the CAS Research Center for Thermal Safety Engineering. There are more than 3600 faculty and staff numbers,46 CAS, the number of students accepting normal higher education at USTC totals around 13794,8243 undergraduate students,3873 masters degree students, and 1498 Ph. D. students among them
8. Xi'an Jiaotong University – Xian Jiaotong University is a Chinese C9 League university with strengths in engineering, technology, management, and public health located in Xian, Shaanxi, China. XJTUs twenty schools comprise a comprehensive research university offering programs in nine areas, science, engineering, medicine, economics, management, art, law, philosophy, XJTU houses five national key laboratories, four national special laboratories, and two national engineering research centers. XJTUs eight affiliated teaching hospitals include two ranked in Chinas top 100, XJTU began in Shanghai in 1896 as the Nanyang Public School through an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the imperial government. Four schools were established, a school, a school of foreign studies, a middle school. The university underwent a series of transitions, in 1904, the Ministry of Commerce took over the school, and in 1905 changed its name to Imperial Polytechnic College of the Commerce Ministry. In 1906, the college was placed under the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs, the Republic of China founded the School of Management in 1918. In 1920, the Government Institute of Technology of the Communications Ministry merged with two colleges and changed its name to Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung. In 1938, the Ministry of Education took over the university, during the anti-Japanese War, the university was moved to the French Concession and in 1940 the state-run branch of Jiaotong University was set up in Chongqing. In 1941, to prevent the Wang puppet government from taking over the university, in 1942, the Wang government took over Shanghai School. So the Education Department of Guomin Government chose Chongqing Branch as the headquarters of Jiaotong University, in 1943, the graduate school was founded. After the anti-Japanese War was won, Chongqing headquarter went back to Shanghai, in 1946, the name of state-run Jiaotong University was recovered. After the Kuomintang were defeated in 1949, a part of the faculty retreated to Taiwan with Chiang Kai-shek and, in 1958, the institution that remained in Shanghai was renamed Chiao Tung University to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public. In the 1950s, the romanization system was developed in Mainland China. In 1956, following the strategy, the major portion of Jiao Tong University moved to Xian, Shaanxi. In the same year, Xian Jiaotong University was listed as a key university in China, later, it became one of a handful of universities built according to the Seventh Five-Year Plan and Eighth Five-Year Plan. It was one of the universities that entered the construction of 211 project of China, in April 2000, approved by the State Council, Xian Medical University, Shaanxi Institute of Finance and Economics and Xian Jiaotong University were merged and formed the new Xian Jiaotong University. Notable faculty include Yu Mao-Hong, originator of unified strength theory, XJTUs 30,000 strong student body, including 15,000 graduate students, can pursue 84 undergraduate majors,200 masters degree disciplines, and 115 doctoral disciplines. Among these, eight are designated as first-order key disciplines by the Chinese government, XJTUs three campuses cover over 250 hectares
9. Zhejiang University – Zhejiang University, sometimes referred to as Zheda, is a national university in China. Founded in 1897, Zhejiang University is one of Chinas oldest, most selective and it is a member of the C9 League, the Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance and the Association of Pacific Rim Universities. The university campus is located in the city of Hangzhou, approximately 112 miles southwest of Shanghai, Zhejiang University Librarys collection contains about 7 million volumes, making it one of Chinas largest academic libraries. In 1897, Lin Qi, the mayor of Hangzhou, established Qiushi Academy, Lin studied the Western higher education system and applied it to Qiushi Academy. Qiushi Academy was renamed to Zhejiang Academy in 1902, and to Zhejiang Advanced College by Hongchengs wife, a second institution that factored into the early history of Zhejiang University was Yuying Xuetang, established in 1902. This was renamed to Yuying Yishu, and then to Yuying Academy, in 1911, Yuying Academy became Zhijiang Xuetang and moved to Qinwang Hill, outside of Hangzhou. In 1912, Zhejiang Medical School was established, later developing into Zhejiang Provincial Medical College, in 1927, some schools and colleges were merged into the Qiushi Academy. Then the name of the school was changed to National Third Sun Zhongshan University. On April 1,1928, it was renamed Che Kiang University,1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out. Due to the attack from Japanese army, the university had to move out of Hangzhou to Guizhou until 1946, after the war ended. Reputed as Cambridge of the East by Joseph Needham in Chinas modern history of higher education, Zhejiang University was split up into a number of single-discipline colleges during the 1952 readjustment of Chinas Tertiary Education System. Its schools of arts and sciences either went to former Hangzhou University or jointed with Fudan University and its medical and pharmaceutical schools formed Zhejiang Medical University. Its agricultural and horticultural schools went to establish Zhejiang Agricultural University, 1952~1953, Its chemical engineering departments and some the other technological parts went to former Hangzhou Chemical Engineering School. And the dean Li Shouheng, who was one of the founders of Chinas modern chemical engineering, was pointed to be the first president of ZJUT. On September 21,2006, Chinese billionaires Duan Yongping and Ding Lei donated together a one-time endowment of 40 million US dollars to Zhejiang University,30 million USD was from Duan with 10 million from Ding. It was the largest private one-off endowment to a university in Mainland China, a ceremony was held at the newly founded Zijingang Campus to receive the donation. Zhejiang University is a research university with national and international impact. Research at Zhejiang University spans 12 academic disciplines, agriculture, art, economics, education, engineering, history, law, literature, management, medicine, natural sciences, and philosophy