5th Avenue Theatre
The 5th Avenue Theatre is a landmark theatre building located in Seattle, Washington. It has hosted a variety of productions and motion pictures since it opened in 1926. The building and land is owned by the University of Washington and was part of the original campus. It is operated as a venue for nationally touring Broadway and original shows by the non-profit 5th Avenue Theatre Association, the theatre, located at 1308 Fifth Avenue in the historic Skinner Building, has been listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places since 1978. A non-profit, the company is supported by individual and corporate donations, government sources. The interior design of the 5th Avenue Theatre was modeled to some of the features of historic. The ornate historical Chinese style of the theatre distinguishes itself from the Neo-Renaissance exterior of the Skinner Building, only at the street entry under the marquee does the viewer get a preview of the interior design. Here, adorning the ceiling are plaster representations of wood brackets, carved cloud shapes screen light fixtures to create an indirect lighting effect as the viewer approaches the wooden, brass knobbed entry doors.
The original central free-standing box office was replaced by the current box office located to the side of the entry as part of a 1979 renovation. The original Imperial guardian lions, commonly called foo dogs or foo lions, the interior architecture of the theatre is an excellent imitation of Chinese wooden temple construction. The original pair of lions, both male, guard the stairway to a second level gallery that serves the theatre balcony. In addition to the Imperial guard lions, other original furnishings, light fixtures, the decorative details continue in the 2, 130-seat auditorium, but the highlight and focal decorative feature is the octagonal caisson from which a sculpted five-toed Imperial Chinese dragon springs. A large chandelier of glass hangs from the mouth, in reference to the Chinese symbol of a dragon disgorging flaming pearls. One claim puts the size of this caisson at twice the size of the model on which it was based in the room of the Hall of Supreme Harmony in the Forbidden City.
The opening night program spoke effusively of it and its most imposing feature is the great dome. its symbolic themes borrowed from Chinese legends, its motifs from Chinese poetry. The dragon motif is repeated in the coffers of the caisson. The Imperial dragon is accompanied by the symbol of the Empress and this personal symbol of the Empress is repeated throughout the theatre, but most prominently in relief as part of the grills above false balconies that once screened organ pipes. In addition to these symbols, orange blossoms, the highly decorated proscenium arch and safety curtain maintain the Chinese design influence
3D Lemmings is a puzzle video game released in 1995, developed by Clockwork Games and published by Psygnosis. The gameplay, like the original Lemmings game, requires the player to all the lemmings to their exit by giving them the appropriate skills. It was the first Lemmings game to be rendered in 3D and it was released for DOS, PlayStation, and Sega Saturn. 3D Lemmings is played by using four different, movable cameras to fly around, while some levels have fixed cameras, most of the time they can be freely moved at any time, although without the ability to tilt up or down. Another viewing option is the virtual lemming which allows the player to see through the eyes of a selected lemming, all skills from the original game are available, with one new one, the turner. A turner is similar to a blocker, in that he stands in one place, instead of making other lemmings turn back, he directs them 90 degrees either left or right, as chosen by the player. Diagonally positioned blocks in levels will make lemmings move left or right, one of the by-products of being 3D was the importance of the camera-handling.
Some levels included rooms or halls where the camera couldnt go into, the release rate buttons, i. e. to increase or decrease rate of lemmings, instant replay mode, and fast forward button all return from previous games. Levels are once again divided into four difficulty settings, Tricky, there are 20 levels of each setting, with 20 more practice levels to learn about different game elements. Each level has a set amount of lemmings again, and can be returned to through the use of passwords, cutscenes are shown at the end of certain level milestones, which feature lemmings from the various 3D Lemmings themes. An additional level pack/playable demo named 3D Lemmings Winterland was released for 3D Lemmings on the PC, the gameplay was identical to the standard game. The four reviewers of Electronic Gaming Monthly scored the PlayStation version an 8 out of 10, citing the outstanding 3D graphics and innovative, complex gameplay. Mark Lefebvre commented that Multiple camera angles, a Training Mode for new players, Sega Saturn Magazine gave the Saturn version a 75%.
They complained that the puzzles are highly frustrating, but acknowledged, For the more even tempered among you with craniums the size of the superdome this might just fit the bill
330th Bombardment Group (VH)
The 330th Bombardment Group was a bomber group of the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. It was formed on 1 July 1942 at Salt Lake City Army Air Base, the group was equipped with the Consolidated B-24 Liberator, and served as a training unit within the United States until April 1944. On 1 April 1944, the group re-formed as a Boeing B-29 Superfortress-equipped unit as part of the 314th Bombardment Wing, the group moved to North Field, Guam in 1945 as part of the Twentieth Air Force, flying its first combat mission on 12 April 1945. The Group received two Distinguished Unit Citations for incendiary raids on the islands of Japan. The Group returned to the United States in late 1945, and was inactivated on 3 January 1946 and its lineage and honors were carried by the 330th Aircraft Sustainment Wing until it was permanently inactivated on 1 July 2010. Upon activation 6 July 1942, the 330th Bombardment Group was assigned to Second Air Force as a Consolidated B-24 Liberator Replacement Training Unit, the Group performed this training at Alamogordo Army Airfield in New Mexico, later at Biggs Field near El Paso, Texas.
The Group was assigned to Walker AAFB, for equipping and training, the Group began its deployment to North Field, Guam in early 1945, and was assigned to the XXI Bomber Command of the Twentieth Air Force. It entered combat on 12 April 1945 with an attack on Hodogaya-ku, the Group received two Distinguished Unit Citations for incendiary raids on the homeland islands of Japan. The 330th Bombardment Group returned to the United States during November and December 1945, on 27 June 1949, the unit was redesignated as the 330th Bombardment Group and assigned to the United States Air Force Reserve. On 1 May 1951, the unit was ordered to duty and its personnel transferred to Korea. On 14 June 1952 the unit was redesignated as the 330th Troop Carrier Group, the unit is credited with the American Theater, Air Offensive – Japan, and the Western Pacific campaigns. When activated in 1942, the Group functioned as an RTU, in April,1944 on being designated as an operation bomber group, it was assigned to the 20th Air Force.
The Group consisted of the 457th, 458th and the 459th Bomb Squadron, two months its cadres split, part of the Group remaining on line at Walker and part setting up manning headquarters at Dalhart, Texas. After a rapid filling up of both echelons, they were reunited at Walker AAF in August 1944, the newly assigned air crews joined them in late September and early October 1944. As a complete group, they were ready for their brief period of intensive flight. The Groups advanced ground echelon left Walker AAF by train on 7 January 1945 for the Fort Lawton Staging Area in Seattle, on 17 January 1945, they left on a 30-day journey on the Army transport Ship Howell Lykes en route to Guam. The air crews and the aircraft mechanics support technicians would not join them until mid-March, the Groups ground personnel arrived in the Port of Agana, Guam on 18 February 1945. The 854th Airfield Construction Battalion was still putting the finishing touches on the parking aprons and taxiways for the 330th
29th (Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot
The 29th Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1694. Under the Childers Reforms it amalgamated with the 36th Regiment of Foot to become the 1st Battalion, the regiment was first raised by Colonel Thomas Farrington as Thomas Farringtons Regiment of Foot on 16 February 1694. It was disbanded after the Treaty of Ryswick in December 1698, the regiment served under John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough at the victory at the Battle of Ramillies in May 1706 against the French and in the siege of Ostend in June 1706. In June 1727 the regiment saw action defending Gibraltar from a Spanish attack, in October 1745, the Regiment was sent to Fortress Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island. The following year, the regiment was in the Port-la-Joye Massacre during King Georges War, the Canadiens and Mikmaq warriors massacred a significant portion of the regiment, in part, because they were unarmed. In 1749, the regiment was at the site of Halifax, Nova Scotia, until the middle of the eighteenth century British Army regiments were known by their colonels name.
This led to frequent changes of title, in 1747 regiments were required to establish their precedence, with each unit taking a numerical rank. The process was completed in 1751 when a royal warrant formally substituted numbers for the names of colonels, Colonel Peregrine Hopsons Regiment became the 29th Regiment of Foot. In 1759 Admiral Edward Boscawen gave to his brother Colonel George Boscawen 10 black youths he acquired in the capture of Guadeloupe from the French in the same year and these young men were released from slavery and joined the regiment as drummers, a tradition the regiment continued until 1843. Due to the incident, the regiment earned the nickname the Vein Openers for drawing first blood in the American Revolution, the soldiers involved were tried for murder and were defended by John Adams. Two men of the regiment, Hugh Montgomery and Matthew Kilroy, were guilty of manslaughter. Captain Thomas Preston and the men involved were found not guilty. The regiment left Boston in 1771 for British controlled Florida before returning to England in 1773, in 1777, the Light Infantry Company and the Grenadier Company were with Lieutenant General John Burgoyne as he headed down from Montreal to Saratoga.
Both the Light Infantry Company and Grenadier Company saw action at the Battle of Hubbardton under the command of Brigadier Simon Fraser, both companies surrendered with the rest of Burgoynes Army after the defeats at Battle of Freemans Farm and Battle of Bemis Heights in September and October 1777. On 31 August 1782 a royal warrant was issued conferring county titles on all regiments of foot that did not already have a special title, the regiment was retitled as the 29th Regiment of Foot. The change was an attempt to improve recruitment, but no depot was established in the county, the regiment returned to England in 1787. During the winter of 1791 Princess Augusta presented the regiment with the music of a march of her own composing, which received the name of The Royal Windsor. The march, with its impressive drum cadence recalling American marches and it appears that the Princess used material of Russian origin
2nd Infantry Division (South Africa)
The South African 2nd Infantry Division was an infantry division of the army of the Union of South Africa during World War II. The division was formed on 23 October 1940 and served in the Western Desert Campaign and was captured by German and Italian forces at Tobruk on 21 June 1942, the remaining brigade was re-allocated to the South African 1st Infantry Division. The division was formed on 23 October 1940 with its divisional HQ at Voortrekkerhoogte, on 21 June 1942 two complete infantry brigades of the division as well as most of the supporting units were captured at the fall of Tobruk. The division capture of Bardia was part of the Libyan campaign against Rommels Afrika Corps from November 1941 to January 1942 and they defeated a numerically superior Axis force in a strongly fortified position with a combined infantry and tank force. 21 September 19413 S. A. Inf Bde, brig. C. E. BORAIN MC VD Tps.1 I. L. H. B & C Coys D. M. R.2 S. A. Fd Coy less one sec, under comd from 1000 hrs 26 Dec.5 Bde Sig Coy less one pl.3 S. A.
Bde Q Services Coy. Three dets 14 S. A. Fd Amb. with in support, arty as arranged by C. R. A. Task. To attack BARDIA through perimeter defences as described in Para 6, lt. Col. J. BUTLER-PORTER VD1 R. D. L. I. Under comd from 1000 hrs 26 Dec. with in support, N. Z. Div Cav Regt, to contain and demonstrate against enemy forces within the perimeter along the gen line of enemy defences from incl 51143960—incl 51554030, in accordance with Operation Instruction No.22. Lt. Col. W. KINGWELL MC D. M. R. Tps, D. M. R. less B. C. & D. Coys and one pl A. Coy. Two Pls 7 S. A. Armd Recce Bn, Det 4 S. A. Fd Coy. with in support, One Sqn N. Z. Div Car Regt. To contain and demonstrate against enemy forces along the gen line of the defences from incl 51973860—excl 51143960. Maj. P. J. JACOBS,7 S. A. Armd Recce Bn, Tps.7 S. A. Armd Recce Bn, less one Coy and two pls. Det 4 S. A. Fd Coy Det 14 S. A. Fd Amb, to contain and demonstrate against enemy forces along the gen line of perimeter defences from incl MARSA ER RAMLA 52423868—excl 51973860, in accordance with Operation Instruction No.24.
Lt. Col. R. J. PALMER,1 S. A. P. Tps, One Regt 1 Army Tank Bde.1 S. A. P. On 11 October, the The Kaffrarian Rifles were detached from the division, some 8,000 Allied prisoners of war were freed and some 6,000 Axis prisoners were taken. Claydens Trench,11 January 1942 to 12 January 1942 Gazala,26 May 1942 to 21 June 1942 Tobruk,20 June 1942 to 21 June 1942. The number of South African prisoners taken at Tobruk has been recorded as 10,772 Media related to Military history of South Africa at Wikimedia Commons
17th Airborne Division (United States)
The 17th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the United States Army during World War II, and was commanded by Major General William M. Miley. It was officially activated as a division in April 1943 but was not immediately sent to a combat theater. However, after the end of Operation Market Garden the division was shipped to France, the 17th gained its first Medal of Honor during its time fighting in the Ardennes, and was withdrawn to Luxembourg to prepare for an assault over the River Rhine. The division advanced through Northern Germany until the end of World War II, there, it was officially inactivated in September 1945, although it was briefly reactivated as a training division between 1948 and 1949. The Allied governments were aware of the success of these operations and this decision would eventually lead to the creation of five American and two British airborne divisions, as well as many smaller units. The 17th Airborne Division was activated on 15 April 1943 at Camp Mackall in North Carolina, once activated, the division remained in the United States for training and exercises.
As the division, like all airborne units, was intended to be an elite formation, as the division trained, a debate developed in the U. S. Army over whether the best use of airborne forces was en masse or as small compact units. On 9 July 1943, the first large-scale Allied airborne operation–the Allied invasion of Sicily –was carried out by elements of the U. S. 82nd Airborne Division and the British 1st Airborne Division. The U. S. 82nd Airborne Division had been deployed by parachute and glider and had suffered high casualties, leading to a perception that it had failed to achieve many of its objectives. General Eisenhower had reviewed the role in Operation Husky, and had concluded that large-scale formations were too difficult to control in combat to be practical. However, other high-ranking officers believed otherwise, notably the U. S. Army Chief of Staff and he persuaded Eisenhower to set up a review board and to withhold judgement on the effectiveness of divisional-sized airborne forces until a large-scale maneuver could be tried in December.
When Swing returned to the United States to resume command of the 11th Airborne Division in mid-September 1943, the objective for the 11th as the attacking force was to capture Knollwood Army Auxiliary Airfield near Fort Bragg in North Carolina, after which the maneuver was named. The defending forces were to try to defend the airport and the surrounding area, the entire operation would be observed by Lieutenant General McNair. His observations and reports to the U. S, War Department, and ultimately General Eisenhower, would do much to decide the success or failure of the exercise. These airborne troops seized the Knollwood Army Auxiliary Airfield from the troops and secured the area in which the rest of the division landed. The exercise was judged to be a success by those who observed it. Due to the success of the units of the 11th Airborne Division during the exercise, the division participated in the Second Army maneuvers in the Tennessee Maneuver Area from 6 February 1944. It finished its training on 27 March 1944, and transferred to Camp Forrest on 24 March 1944, the division staged at Camp Myles Standish on 12 August 1944 before departing Boston Port of Embarkation on 20 August 1944
14 Prince's Gate, London
14 Princes Gate is the building at the east end of a terrace overlooking Hyde Park in Kensington Road, London. The whole terrace is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building, the terrace is called Princes Gate because it stands opposite the Prince of Wales Gate to Hyde Park, named after the Prince of Wales who became Edward VII. In its earlier days its occupants included members of the Morgan family of American bankers, from the 1920s to the 1950s it was the residence of eight American ambassadors. It became the first headquarters of the Independent Television Authority and was until 2010 the headquarters of the Royal College of General Practitioners, the terrace containing 13 and 14 Princes Gate was completed in 1849. It was designed by Harvey Lonsdale Elmes and built by John Kelk, shortly after completion of the terrace, the Crystal Palace was built opposite in Hyde Park to house the Great Exhibition of 1851. The first owner of No.13 was George Baker, a building contractor, No.14 was leased and owned by John Pearce, but he did not live there.
The first resident, from 1852, was Edward Wyndham Harrington Schenley, a former soldier, in 1854 No.13 was rented by the American banker Junius Spencer Morgan, who bought the house at some time between 1857 and 1859. On his death in 1890 his son, John Pierpont Morgan, Pierpont Morgan spent up to three months every year in London, either in Princes Gate or at Dover House, in Putney. He was a collector of art, books. By 1900 the collection was too big to be contained in the house and part of it was loaned to the Victoria and his collection of paintings included works by Reynolds, Romney, Van Dyke, Frans Hals, Velázquez and Holbein. For the nine months of the year that Pierpont Morgan was away from London, in 1904, he bought the house next door, No. 14, from Schenleys widow and amalgamated it with No.13, the conjoined house was numbered 14. Its external appearance remained that of two houses, but internally structural alterations were made. These included the replacement of No, 14s principal staircase by an octagonal hall, and the creation of a lobby with marble columns on the floor above.
Pierpont Morgan died in 1913 and the house was inherited by his son, the latter never lived in the house and in the First World War he loaned it to the Council of War Relief for the Professional Classes, who used it as a maternity home. After the war the house was offered to the American Government as a home for their ambassadors, the house was first used for this purpose in 1929, and this use continued with one interval until 1955. Official business was not conducted at the house, but at the Embassy in Grosvenor Square, the American architect Thomas Hastings was employed to refurbish the building and remodel the façade. As part of this he added images of the heads of Native Americans in the keystones of the arches over the ground floor windows, Hastings transformed the façade in Beaux-Arts style and added a grand staircase
30th Reconnaissance Squadron
The 30th Reconnaissance Squadron is reconnaissance test squadron assigned to the 432d Air Expeditionary Wing at Creech Air Force Base, Nevada. The 30 RS flies the RQ-170 Sentinel UAV out of the Tonopah Test Range Airport in Tonopah, the squadron was previously assigned to the 57th Operations Group, 57th Wing, at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. Activated on 1 September 2005, at Tonopah Test Range Airport, and on 17 July 2007 it was assigned a new patch, in 2010 a detachment with RQ-170 Sentinels was sent to Al Dhafra Air Base in order to spy on the nuclear program of Iran. Deployed to the European Theater of Operations in England, being assigned to Ninth Air Force, initially stationed at the Royal Air Force reconnaissance training school at RAF Chalgrove, moved to RAF Middle Wallop where the squadron became operational in the ETO. The squadron arrived in Chalgrove in late February 1944 and began operations in March, earned DUC for participation with 10th Photographic Group, 7–20 May 1944, in photo reconnaissance of Utah beach for Normandy invasion.
Dicing, was the term used when referring to these extremely low-altitude flights over Utah Beach, flew sorties over France on D-Day making visual and photographic reconnaissance of bridges, artillery and rail junctions, traffic centers and other targets. Flew its first mission over Germany on 24 Aug 1944, took part in the offensive against the Siegfried Line, Sep-Dec 1944, and in the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944 – Jan 1945. Flew its 2, 000th operational mission on 22 Mar 1945, flew missions to Berlin on 8 April and to Dresden on 10 Apr 1945. Returned to the United States in July 1945, being assigned to Third Air Force, Continental Air Command at Drew Field, Squadron demobilized without becoming fully operational during the fall of 1945, inactivating on 7 November. Moved to McGuire AFB from Newark in 1949 when consolidated due to budget restrictions, was brought to active service in 1951 due to manpower needs during the Korean War and aircraft being reassigned as fillers to various active-duty units.
Inactivated as a unit in May 1951. Reactivated under Tactical Air Command at Shaw AFB, South Carolina on 1 January 1953, performed training of photo-reconnaissance pilots with RB-26B Invader aircraft. Trained in night reconnaissance with RB-26s, replaced with RB-57A Canberra jet aircraft in 1955, was reassigned to the 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing at Spangdahlem AB in 1958 as part of a USAFE reorganization. Upgraded to RB-66C Destroyers and continued night reconnaissance training, moved to England in 1959 when Spangdahlem became a Tactical Fighter base. Operated from RAF Alconbury, however rotated frequently to Toul-Rosieres AB, reactivated in 2005 and equipped with unmanned reconnaissance aircraft. Constituted 30th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron on 5 Feb 1943, redesignated 30th Photographic Squadron on 6 Feb 1943. Redesignated 30th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron on 11 Aug 1943, redesignated 30th Reconnaissance Squadron, Photo, on 11 Mar 1947. Activated in the Reserve on 25 Jul 1947, redesignated 30th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, Electronics, on 27 Jun 1949
The 16th century begins with the Julian year 1500 and ends with either the Julian or the Gregorian year 1600. It is regarded by historians as the century in which the rise of the West occurred, during the 16th century and Portugal explored the worlds seas and opened worldwide oceanic trade routes. In Europe, the Protestant Reformation gave a blow to the authority of the papacy. European politics became dominated by conflicts, with the groundwork for the epochal Thirty Years War being laid towards the end of the century. In Italy, Luca Pacioli published the first work ever on accounting, in United Kingdom, the Italian Alberico Gentili wrote the first book on public international law and divided secularism from canon law and Roman Catholic theology. In the Middle East, the Ottoman Empire continued to expand, with the Sultan taking the title of Caliph, China evacuated the coastal areas, because of Japanese piracy. Japan was suffering a civil war at the time. Mughal Emperor Akbar extended the power of the Mughal Empire to cover most of the South Asian sub continent and his rule significantly influenced arts, and culture in the region.
These events directly challenged the notion of an immutable universe supported by Ptolemy and Aristotle. Polybius The Histories translated into Italian, English and French, medallion rug, variant Star Ushak style, Anatolia, is made. It is now kept at The Saint Louis Art Museum,1500, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain was born. 1500, Guru Nanak the beginning and spreading of the 5th largest Religion in the World Sikhism,1500, Spanish navigator Vicente Yáñez Pinzón encounters Brazil but is prevented from claiming it by the Treaty of Tordesillas. 1500, Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral claims Brazil for Portugal,1500, The Ottoman fleet of Kemal Reis defeats the Venetians at the Second Battle of Lepanto. 1501, Michelangelo returns to his native Florence to begin work on the statue David,1501, Safavid dynasty reunified Iran and ruled over it until 1736. Safavids adopt a Shia branch of Islam,1502, First reported African slaves in The New World 1503, Foundation of the Sultanate of Sennar by Amara Dunqas, in what is modern Sudan 1503, Spain defeats France at the Battle of Cerignola.
Considered to be the first battle in history won by gunpowder small arms,1503, Leonardo da Vinci begins painting the Mona Lisa and completes it three years later. 1503, Nostradamus was born on either December 14, or December 21,1504, A period of drought, with famine in all of Spain. 1504, Death of Isabella I of Castile, Joanna of Castille became the Queen,1505, Zhengde Emperor ascended the throne of Ming Dynasty
142 Foregate Street, Chester
142 Foregate Street is a building on the south side of Foregate Street, Cheshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building and it was built in 1884 for Chester City Council as a police station for the Cheshire County Constabulary, and was designed by the local architect John Douglas. It was used as the headquarters until 1967 when a new building for the purpose was constructed on a different site. In the early 2000s it was being used as a health unit for Cheshire County Council. The building is constructed in red Ruabon brick with bands and terracotta and stone dressings. It has three storeys plus an attic, on the ground floor two steps lead to an arched doorway. To the left of this are three arched windows and to the right is a casement window. The middle and top storeys contain six two-light mullioned and transomed windows in pairs, the gable is stepped and contains a row of six windows, over which are two more windows. Between these is the date 1884 in brick moulding, in the apex of the gable is the cartouche of the police force.
Douglas biographer Edward Hubbard considered that the frontage of this building was more specifically Flemish in design than any other of Douglas buildings, Grade II listed buildings in Chester List of non-ecclesiastical and non-residential works by John Douglas
15 Big Ones
15 Big Ones is the 20th studio album by American rock group The Beach Boys released in July 1976. It comprises cover versions of rock and roll and rhythm and blues standards, the album was met with mixed reviews, but the highest sales the band had for a new studio album in many years, peaking at number 8 on the weekly Billboard albums chart. Three singles were issued, a cover of Chuck Berrys Rock and Roll Music, the first two charted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 8 and number 29, respectively. With Blondie Chaplin and Ricky Fataar having left the Beach Boys since their previous album Holland,15 Big Ones was recorded at a time when the group were struggling with their creative direction, although the band begged his return, they resisted his desire for an underproduced sound. Upon its release, brothers Carl and Dennis Wilson voiced disappointment with the album, calling it unfinished and it was reported that Brian was actively involved in the proceedings but no release occurred. Many of the tapes were destroyed when the Caribou Ranch and its studio burned down.
Throughout 1974 and 1975, the group had worked on few tracks that would eventually see release, Child of Winter in December 1974. Dennis Wilsons River Song was first worked on at the Caribou sessions along with the Brian/Mike Love collaboration Its O. K. with the resulting in being the only piece used for 15 Big Ones. In 1975, Brian attempted to establish a Los Angeles collective named California Music, which included Gary Usher, Curt Boettcher, the Beach Boys recent Endless Summer compilation was selling extremely well, and the band—without Brian—was touring non-stop, making them the biggest live draw in the US. Guercio was fired by the group and replaced by Mikes brother Stephen Love who urged the group to encourage Brian to return to the production helm, according to Stephen, We were under contract with Warner Bros. and we couldnt have him going on a tangent. If he was going to be productive, its gotta be for the Beach Boys, who had already grown tired of working with the Beach Boys, was legally ousted from California Music in order to focus his undivided attention on the band.
Later in the year, Brian became involved with therapist Eugene Landy who had a role in keeping Brian from indulging in substance abuse with constant supervision. At the end of January 1976, the Beach Boys returned to the studio with an apprehensive Brian producing once again, at the time, he felt, It was a little scary because werent as close. A lot of the guys had developed new personalities through meditation and it was a bit scary and shaky. But we went into the studio with the attitude that we had to get it done, after a week or two in the studio, we started to get the niche again. He attributes his hoarse voice on the album to a bout of laryngitis, Brian decided the band should do an album of rock and roll and doo wop standards, but brothers Carl and Dennis disagreed, feeling that an album of originals was far more ideal. Mike and Al Jardine reportedly wanted the album out as quickly as possible to take advantage of their resurgence of popularity, at one point during the sessions, it was decided that a double album was to be released, one album of covers and another of original material.
In the end, a compromise of both new originals and covers was decided upon, though the younger Wilson brothers were displeased, whatever the case, it was a radical shift from previous albums such as Sunflower and Holland