Category:Canadian women viceroys
Pages in category "Canadian women viceroys"
The following 28 pages are in this category, out of 28 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 28 pages are in this category, out of 28 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Governor General of Canada – The Governor General of Canada is the federal viceregal representative of the Canadian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. The commission is for a period of time—known as serving at Her Majestys pleasure—though five years is the normal convention. Beginning in 1959, it has also been traditional to rotate between anglophone and francophone incumbents, once in office, the governor general maintains direct contact with the Queen, wherever she may be at the time. The office began in the 16th and 17th centuries with the Crown-appointed governors of the French colony of Canada followed by the British governors of Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries, subsequently, the office is, along with the Crown, the oldest continuous institution in Canada. Throughout this process of gradually increasing Canadian independence, the role of governor general took on additional responsibilities, finally, in 1947, King George VI issued letters patent allowing the viceroy to carry out almost all of the monarchs powers on his or her behalf. The current governor general is David Johnston, who has served since 1 October 2010, johnstons wife—who is thus the viceregal consort—is Sharon Johnston. The Government of Canada spells the title governor general without a hyphen, the Canadian media still often use the governor-general spelling. As governor is the noun in the title, it is pluralized, thus, governors general, moreover, both terms are capitalized when used in the formal title preceding an incumbents name. The position of general is mandated by both the Constitution Act,1867, and the letters patent issued in 1947 by King George VI. As such, on the recommendation of his or her Canadian prime minister and that individual is, from then until being sworn-in, referred to as the governor general-designate. Besides the administration of the oaths of office, there is no set formula for the swearing-in of a governor general-designate, the governor general will then give a speech, outlining whichever cause or causes he or she will champion during his or her time as viceroy. The incumbent will generally serve for at least five years, though this is only a convention. The prime minister may recommend to the Queen that the viceroy remain in her service for a longer period of time. A governor general may also resign, and two have died in office, the sovereign has unrestricted freedom of choice. We leave that to Her Majesty in all confidence, however, between 1867 and 1931, governors general were appointed by the monarch on the advice of the British Cabinet. Thereafter, in accordance with the Statute of Westminster 1931, the appointment was made by the sovereign with the direction of his or her Canadian ministers only. Until 1952, all governors general were also members of the Peerage or sons of peers. These viceroys spent a limited time in Canada, but their travel schedules were so extensive that they could learn more about Canada in five years than many Canadians in a lifetime
2. Lieutenant governor (Canada) – Similar positions in Canadas three territories are termed Commissioners and are representatives of the federal government, however, not the monarch directly. In the Canadian context, there are numerous, and not mutually agreeable, various acts in the Canadian constitution and numerous provincial websites typically indicate Lieutenant Governor of, likely due to the primacy of those positions in their respective jurisdictions. However, The Canadian Style indicates Lieutenant-Governor, though lieutenant-governors when pluralized, the Guide to Canadian English Usage equivocates somewhat, indicating upper case only when used in and associated with a specific provincial lieutenant governor or name, not generally, and varied use. In French, the term is always hyphenated, also, as governor is the main noun in the title, it is the word that is pluralized, thus, it is lieutenant governors, rather than lieutenants governor. There have been two Black and several Aboriginal lieutenant governors, norman Kwong, Lieutenant Governor of Alberta from 2005 to 2010, was Chinese-Canadian and David Lam, the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia from 1988 to 1995, was Hong Kong-Canadian. Former Lieutenant Governor of Quebec Lise Thibault used a wheelchair, while David Onley, besides the administration of the oaths of office, there is no set formula for the swearing-in of a lieutenant governor-designate. The lieutenant governor then receives the insignia of the order or orders. A lieutenant governor may also resign and some have died in office, the office is the core of authority in a province. While they continue to be appointed by the general, the lieutenant governors are considered to be direct representatives of the sovereign. The Governor-in-Council of both Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are also tasked to appoint in the Queens name the judges of the courts of probate. The lieutenant governor alone is also mandated to summon the legislature. Beyond that, the viceroy carries out the other conventional parliamentary duties in the sovereigns stead, including reading the Speech From the Throne, if the governor general withholds the Queens assent, the sovereign may within two years disallow the bill, thereby annulling the law in question. R. Altogether, lieutenant governors had also withheld Royal Assent to bills 28 times, the last example of the former was, however, in 1945 and the latter in 1961. The provincial viceroys have been said to be, outside of Quebec, a focus of community ideals and he or she will host members of the Canadian Royal Family, as well as foreign royalty and heads of state, and is also tasked with fostering national unity and pride. In the exercise of duties, the lieutenant governors may sometimes receive advice from the Department of Canadian Heritage Ceremonial. During a provincial election, a lieutenant governor will curtail these public duties, further, the lieutenant governors present the Vice-Regal and Commissioners Commendation to individuals who offer their service—paid or volunteer—to the viceregal offices. As the personal representative of the monarch, a lieutenant governor follows only the sovereign in the order of precedence. Per the orders constitutions, the lieutenant governors, except for that of Quebec and they also upon installation automatically become a Knight or Dame of Justice and a Vice-Prior in Canada of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem
3. Adrienne Clarkson – Clarkson arrived in Canada with her family in 1941, as a refugee from Japanese-occupied Hong Kong, and was raised in Ottawa. After receiving a number of university degrees, Clarkson worked as a producer and broadcaster for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and her first diplomatic posting came in the early 1980s, when she promoted Ontarian culture in France and other European countries. She subsequently published her memoirs, founded the Institute for Canadian Citizenship, Clarksons ancestry lies with the Hakka and Taishanese people in Taishan, Guangdong, China. Her paternal grandfather immigrated in the late 19th century to Chiltern, Poys first son, William, was born in Victoria but was later sent back to Taishan, from where he made his way to Hong Kong. There, he worked with his father for the Canadian government and met and married Ethel Poy, the elder went on to become a plastic surgeon in Toronto and married Vivienne Lee, who herself became a Senator. Clarkson describes one of her earliest memories as that of hiding in several Hong Kong basements during the Japanese invasion of the territory in 1941, the family settled in Ottawa, though William had lost almost all of his substantial fortune, and the Poys lived in a cramped duplex. Clarkson attended public school in the city and, in October 1951, was lined up with her class to see Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, Clarkson graduated from Lisgar Collegiate Institute in 1956, afterwards enrolling at the University of Torontos Trinity College. Clarkson went on to obtain her masters degree in English literature, also at the University of Toronto. Together, the couple had three daughters, Kyra, born in 1969, and twins Blaise and Chloe, born in 1971, at the age of nine months, however, Chloe died of sudden infant death syndrome. She remained with Take Thirty for a decade, while also branching into print journalism by becoming a contributor to such publications as Macleans. Similarly, Clarkson wrote and published her own romantic fiction novels, A Lover More Condoling in 1968, in 1974, Clarkson began her own public affairs television show Adrienne at Large, though this was not particularly successful and lasted less than four months. The series did, however, allow her to travel extensively outside of Canada, as she recorded segments for the show in such as South Africa. With the cancellation of the show, the CBC created in 1975 the hard journalism programme The Fifth Estate as a means for meeting Canadian content requirements. She focused on journalism and gained prominence after an in-depth study of the McCain familys business practices led a Senator to publicly accuse her of being un-naturalised. After five years at this post, she returned to business, becoming president and publisher of McClelland and Stewart. In the same year, she won a Gémeaux Award for Adrienne Clarkson Presents. It was during this time that the War Museum announced the decision to build the structure now houses its collection. Clarkson was the first visible minority to be appointed general, and the second woman, the first Chinese Canadian
4. Judith Guichon – Judith Isabel Guichon, OBC, is the 29th and current Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. Guichon was sworn in on November 2,2012 at the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia and she is the viceregal representative of Queen Elizabeth II of Canada in the Province of British Columbia. Guichon was born in Montreal, Quebec, in 1947, and raised on a farm near Hawkesbury and she moved to British Columbia in 1972. Her first husband, Lawrence Guichon, was killed in an accident near the family ranch in 2003. She and her current husband, Bruno Mailloux, maintain their residence in the Nicola Valley. Prior to Guichons appointment as Lieutenant Governor, she owned and operated Gerard Guichon Ranch Limited in the Nicola Valley in the British Columbia Interior and her four children now manage the ranch with a 700 head cow calf and 700 yearling operation. Guichon studied Holistic Management, a method which promotes sustainable management of livestock by emphasizing their natural habitat. Along with her husband, commercial pilot Lawrence Guichon, she introduced Holistic Management to the ranchers of British Columbia. In addition to her ranching initiatives, Guichon is also involved in several organizations and she previously served on the local hospital board and Community Health Council, and is now on the Community Health Foundation Board. Prior to this, she has served as a 4-H Leader and started a society in Merritt. She has also been a part of the Ranching Task Force for BC, order of British Columbia,2012 Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal,2012 Lieutenant Governor & Government House Website Video, Installation of 29th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
5. Iona Campagnolo – Iona Victoria Campagnolo, PC OC OBC is a Canadian politician, and was the 27th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia and the first woman to hold the office. Prior to becoming Lieutenant Governor she was a Cabinet member in the Liberal government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Born Iona Victoria Hardy on Galiano Island, she got her start in politics in 1966 when she was elected an alderwoman in the city council of Prince Rupert, British Columbia. In 1974, she turned to politics, running successfully as a Liberal Party candidate for the Canadian House of Commons in the riding of Skeena. In 1976, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau recommended her appointment to the Cabinet as Minister of Amateur Sports and she lost her seat to NDP challenger Jim Fulton in the 1979 election. In 1982, Iona became president of the Liberal Party, an administrative position. When John Turner became Liberal leader in 1984, a camera caught Turner patting Campagnolos bottom. Although Campagnolo herself dismissed it, the incident was used to paint Turner as being out of touch with contemporary womens issues, Campagnolo ran in North Vancouver—Burnaby in the September 1984 election but was defeated in the Mulroney landslide that reduced Turners Liberals to 40 seats. She did not run for re-election as party president at the next Liberal convention in 1986, in 1973, Iona Campagnolo was made a Member of the Order of Canada and promoted to Officer in 2008. In 1998, she received the Order of British Columbia, in 1992, Iona Campagnolo was elected as the founding chancellor of the University of Northern British Columbia and served in the position until 1998. She received a degree from UNBC in 1999. In 2001, on the advice of Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, as the Queens Vice-Regal Representative in British Columbia, she is styled The Honourable for life. However, as she was already a Member of The Queens Privy Council for Canada before she became Lieutenant-Governor, in 2003 the Chief Herald of Canada granted armorial bearings to Campagnolo. Iona Campagnolo has received honorary degrees in recognition of her distinguished career in politics and her service as Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
6. Elizabeth Dowdeswell – Violet Elizabeth Dowdeswell OC OOnt is the current Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, the 29th since Canadian Confederation. She is the representative of the Queen in Right of Ontario, Dowdeswell was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, on November 9,1944, and moved with her family to Canada in 1947, settling in rural Saskatchewan. Her father Desmond Granville Patton was a United Church of Canada minister, Dowdeswell married at a young age but soon divorced. She attended the University of Saskatchewan and Utah State University and later became a teacher and she also led a public inquiry into Canada’s unemployment benefits program and federal water policy. In 1992, Dowdeswell was unanimously elected to lead the United Nations Environment Programme in Nairobi, Kenya, from 2010 until her appointment at Lieutenant Governor, she was the president and CEO of the Council of Canadian Academies. She is the woman to serve the position, following Pauline Mills McGibbon. Breaking with tradition, Dowdeswell declared in her installation address that she would not immediately espouse a particular area of focus during her mandate as Lieutenant Governor, instead, she set out to engage the people of Ontario, listening to their concerns and ideas. In addition, Dowdeswell has taken to sharing what she hears during her visits around Ontario, in April 2016, Dowdeswell reported having undertaken 1,066 official engagements during the first 18 months of her mandate, an average of 711 per year. On September 12,2016, Dowdeswell read a Speech from the Throne to open the 2nd session of the 41st Parliament of Ontario and it was her first Throne Speech since taking office in September 2014. November 9,1944 – September 23,2014, Miss/Ms and these include, Honorary degrees Monarchy of Canada Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
7. Sylvia Fedoruk – Sylvia Olga Fedoruk, OC SOM was a Canadian physicist, medical physicist, curler and the 17th Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan. Born in Canora, Saskatchewan, the daughter of Ukrainian immigrants, Annie Romaniuk, Fedoruk attended a one room schoolhouse in Wroxton north east of the city of Yorkton. During World War II, the relocated to Ontario where her parents took war factory work. But the family chose to return to Saskatchewan where Sylvia entered the University of Saskatchewan at Saskatoon in the fall of 1946 and she received a Bachelor of Arts degree in physics, at the University of Saskatchewan, in 1949 and was awarded the Governor Generals Gold Medal. Fedoruk completed her M. A. in physics in 1951, Fedoruk was recruited by Dr. Harold E. Johns to be the radiation physicist at Saskatoon Cancer Clinic. She became the chief medical physicist at the Saskatoon Cancer Clinic and she was a professor of oncology and associate member in physics at the University of Saskatchewan. She was involved in the development of the worlds first cobalt-60 unit and she was the first woman member of the Atomic Energy Control Board of Canada. From 1986 to 1989 she was chancellor of the University of Saskatchewan and she was the first female to fill this position at the University of Saskatchewan. She is a past president of the Canadian Ladies Curling Association, in 1986, she was inducted into the Canadian Curling Hall of Fame, as a builder, and was awarded the Saskatchewan Order of Merit. In 1961, she played in the very first Diamond D Championships for team Saskatchewan as the third for Joyce McKee, in 1987, she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. From 1988 to 1994, she was Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan, in the 1990s, the City of Saskatoon named a new road Fedoruk Road in her honour. Fedoruk Road runs north of the community of Silverspring, which honours noted Saskatchewan sports figures in its street names, along with the future Evergreen subdivision, Fedoruk Road in the future is expected to evolve into one of the major arterial roadways in the northeast sector of the city. As of 2015, Fedoruk Road is split in two parts, the first phase goes from Konihowski Road in Silverspring to Zary Road in Evergreen, while the second phase goes from Evergreen Boulevard to McOrmond Drive. In 2009, she was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame, monarchy in Saskatchewan Sylvia Olga Fedoruk - Canadian Women in Government
8. Lynda Haverstock – In 2007, she was named President/CEO of Tourism Saskatchewan. Born Lynda Maureen Ham and raised in Swift Current, Haverstock left high school after grade 10 to raise her infant daughter. As an adult, she returned to school to finish her education, Haverstock rose to the forefront of the provincial Liberals in 1989 and was the first woman in Saskatchewans history to lead a political party. She brought the Liberals to realize a healthy increase in support, however, their numbers were spread too thinly across the province to translate into seats. Haverstock was the only Liberal to win a seat, in Saskatoon Greystone, under her leadership, the party grew significantly, in the 1995 provincial election, it increased its caucus in the Legislative Assembly to eleven, becoming the Official Opposition. The Liberals captured one-third of the popular vote, faced with of a coalition of Regina Liberals and former Tories who had unsuccessfully challenged her leadership, Haverstock resigned as leader in 1995. She spent the remainder of her term as an independent member. In 1999, she retired from politics, the 1999 provincial election reduced the Liberals to three seats in the legislature. Since 2003, they have failed to any members. After leaving politics, Haverstock worked briefly as a radio host before being appointed Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan in 2000, as the Queens representative, she was instrumental in organizing the provinces centennial celebrations in 2005. Haverstocks term in office was extended and she remained Lieutenant Governor until July 31,2006, during her tenure, she granted patronage to over one-hundred community-based organisations. She is a recipient of the Distinguished Canadian Award and is named among the University of Saskatchewans 100 Alumni of Influence, in June 2007, she became President/CEO of Tourism Saskatchewan, an arms-length, industry-driven authority responsible, in part, for marketing Saskatchewan as a destination. She has been successful in raising the profile of the organization, between 2006 and 2010, the provinces tourism revenues rose from $1.44 billion to $1.68 billion, and increase of 13.5 per cent. Dr. Haverstock sits on the Board of Directors for Shaw Communications and she and her husband Harley Olsen have four children and nine grandchildren. Her brother Dennis Ham sat as a Conservative in the Saskatchewan assembly, public Tribute to Lieutenant Governor,2006. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29, premiers Farewell Speech to Lieutenant Governor,2006. Canadian Association of Second Language Teachers, archived from the original on 2002-06-13
9. Lise Thibault – Lise Thibault was appointed the 27th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec in 1997 and later sentenced to jail for fraud and ordered to repay the government. Born in Saint-Roch-de-lAchigan, Quebec, she was the eldest daughter of Paul Trudel and she was educated at the Académie Marie-Anne de Montréal, and then went on to teachers college at Cégep de Saint-Jérôme. She married René Thibault in 1959, Thibault was permanently disabled in a tobogganing accident as a teenager, and uses a wheelchair. Thibault taught with the education department of the Milles-Îles and Des Écores school boards from 1973 to 1978. She worked for Télé-Métropole from 1977 to 1981, from 1982 to 1984 she was a host and researcher at the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation as for programs about family and community issues. She was the president for Quebecs Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail from 1987 to 1993. She was President and CEO of the Office des personnes handicapées du Québec from 1993 to 1995 and she became Quebecs first female viceroy, and the first disabled lieutenant governor in Canada. In February 2005 Thibault suffered a stroke and she was one of the longest serving lieutenant governors in Canadian history, serving for over ten years. Beginning in 2007, Thibault was accused of spending beyond the limits of her expense account, questions on her spending continued after her departure, with federal and provincial auditors general pointing to $700,000 in unjustified expenses. Among the expenses were, $45,000 for gifts without the names of recipients, $24,000 to transport her official van to the United States while she was on vacation, rather than renting a car there. $12,000 to the air service for a one-day fishing trip in the Gaspe region. $44,000 in tips paid by her bodyguards during hotel stays, the files were turned over to the Sûreté du Québec and Royal Canadian Mounted Police for investigation. She was criminally charged for offences involving fraud, breach of trust, forgery, in September 2015 she was sentenced 18 months in jail and was ordered to repay the government $300,000 after pleading guilty to fraud and breach of trust in 2014. Judge Carol St-Cyr outlined her crimes, pointing out that she took advantage of holes in the system and abused her position of authority to pay for trips, golf lessons, forgot that her role as lieutenant-governor was to be a good example for Quebecers. On 24 February 2016, the Quebec Court of Appeal upheld Thibaults 18-month sentence, and she was transferred in late February 2016 to the Leclerc Detention Centre in Laval, Quebec. She was granted a conditional release on 17 August 2016. April 2,1939 – January 30,1997, Ms. Lise Thibault Has Received 3 Honorary Degrees
10. Hilary Weston – Hilary Mary Weston, CM CVO OOnt was the 26th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, serving from 1997 to 2002. Born and raised in Dublin, Ireland, Weston worked as a model before marrying Galen Weston in 1966 and they moved to Toronto in 1974, and Weston became a Canadian citizen. They have two married children, Alannah and Galen, Jr. and four grandchildren, two girls with Alannah and her husband Alex, and two boys with Galen and his wife Alexandra. Prior to her appointment as Lieutenant Governor, Weston spent over two decades working in business and in the fashion industry, as deputy chair of Holt Renfrew, she promoted Canadian design and merchandise. In 1979, Weston founded the Ireland Fund of Canada, a non-partisan and she continues to serve as an honorary patron of the organization. An interest in childhood education led Weston to serve as founding chair of the Mabin School in Toronto. She also co-founded and chaired the Canadian Environment Educational Foundation, Weston has explored her longstanding interest in homes and gardens as co-author of two best-selling books, In a Canadian Garden and At Home in Canada. Weston also devotes a significant proportion of her time, as well as her business and fashion expertise, to Selfridges, Weston served as the first chancellor of the Order of Ontario, and received the honour in 2001. She was appointed a Member of the Order of Canada in 2003, in 2015 She was awarded the Royal Victorian Order in the Degree of Commander in the 2015 Birthday Honours. Ten post-secondary institutions have recognized Weston with honorary degrees, including the University of Western Ontario, University of St. Hilary M. Weston Foundation Order of Canada citation