Category:Cast-iron architecture in the United Kingdom
This category has only the following subcategory.
This category has only the following subcategory.
1. St Michael's Church, Aigburth – St Michaels Church, also known as St Michael-in-the-Hamlet Church, is in St. Michaels Church Road, St Michaels Hamlet, Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building and it is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Liverpool, and the deanery of Toxteth and Wavertree. Its benefice is united with those of Christ Church, Toxteth Park, the church was built between 1813 and 1815 as a chapel of ease to St Marys Church, Walton. The church was built by John Cragg, the owner of the Mersey Iron Foundry, Tithebarn Street, Cragg bought the land from the Earl of Sefton, and built the church at his own expense, its final cost being £7,865. Cragg was a churchman and was always looking for new ways to use cast iron. He had already starting building St Georges Church, Everton, using cast iron in its structure, and he planned to use more of it in St Michaels. Here it was used in the construction of the walls and for the pinnacles, the cast iron in the walls formed a skeleton, the base of which was filled with slate, and the remainder with brick. Internally he used it for the columns, for the tracery of the ceiling, Cragg worked with the architect Thomas Rickman on the design of both churches, although the relationship between the two was not always happy. The church was consecrated by the Bishop of Chester on 21 June 1815, by the late 1860s the structure of the building had deteriorated so much that it was in danger of demolition. However one of the churchwardens, Colonel Thomas Wilson organised a restoration of the church, the box pews were removed and replaced with benches providing a centre aisle as well as the two side aisles, the floor was relaid, and a new heating system was installed. Further improvements were made in the following years, in July 1898 St Michaels became a parish in its own right. By this time the building was not large enough for its congregation, the north wall was removed and replaced further out, thereby increasing the width of the church. A new porch was built, a vestry was created in the former porch, the cost for this was £2,950, which was raised by the parishioners. In 1902 the organ was moved from the west gallery to a north of the chancel. Following the First World War, the money collected to celebrate the centenary in 1915 was used instead was used for improvements to the church. It was used to redecorate the interior, for the provision of a clock in the tower, in 1957 the Jubilee Chapel was created at the east end of the south aisle to commemorate the diamond jubilee of the Mothers Union. A further renovation took place in 1984 when the pipe organ, the oak reredos was removed from the sanctuary and the lower tier of stained glass was replaced in the east window. The gallery was converted into a vestry with a glass screen overlooking the interior of the church
2. Chamberlain Clock – The Chamberlain Clock is an Edwardian, cast-iron, clock tower in the Jewellery Quarter of Birmingham, England. It was erected in 1903 to mark Joseph Chamberlains tour of South Africa between 26 December 1902 and 25 February 1903, after the end of the Second Boer War, the clock was unveiled during Chamberlains lifetime, in January 1904 by Mary Crowninshield Endicott, Joseph Chamberlains third wife. Standing at the junction of Vyse and Frederick Streets with Warstone Lane, it is now a local landmark, Chamberlain had been a resident on Frederick Street and had also helped jewellers through his campaign work to abolish Plate Duties - a tax affecting jewellery tradesmen of the time. The timepiece was originally powered by a winding handle. It was later adapted to electricity but fell into disrepair and lost its chime and it was fully restored in 1989
3. The Crystal Palace – The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and plate-glass structure originally built in Hyde Park, London, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851. More than 14,000 exhibitors from around the world gathered in its 990, designed by Joseph Paxton, the Great Exhibition building was 1,851 feet long, with an interior height of 128 feet. It stood there from 1854 until its destruction by fire in 1936, Crystal Palace F. C. were founded at the site in 1905 and played at the Cup Final venue in their early years. The park still contains Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkinss Crystal Palace Dinosaurs which date back to 1854, the Commission in charge of mounting the Great Exhibition was established in January 1850, and it was decided at the outset that the entire project would be funded by public subscription. Within three weeks, the committee had received some 245 entries, including 38 international submissions from Australia, turner was furious at the rejection, and reportedly badgered the commissioners for months afterwards, seeking compensation, but at an estimated £300,000, his design was too expensive. Opponents of the scheme lobbied strenuously against the use of Hyde Park, the most outspoken critic was arch-conservative Col. At this point renowned gardener Joseph Paxton became interested in the project, the lily and its house led directly to Paxtons design for the Crystal Palace and he later cited the huge ribbed floating leaves as a key inspiration. Paxton left his 9 June 1850 meeting with Henry Cole fired with enthusiasm and he immediately went to Hyde Park, where he walked the site earmarked for the Exhibition. Two days later, on 11 June, while attending a meeting of the Midland Railway, Paxton made his original concept drawing. In the event, Paxtons design fulfilled and surpassed all the requirements, would cover roughly twenty-five times the ground area of its progenitor. He was exultant, but now had less than eight months to finalize his plans, manufacture the parts and erect the building in time for the Exhibitions opening, which was scheduled for 1 May 1851. Paxton was able to design and build the largest glass structure yet created, from scratch, in less than a year, Paxtons modular, hierarchical design reflected his practical brilliance as a designer and problem-solver. These were the largest available at the time, measuring 10 inches wide by 49 inches long, the original Hyde Park building was essentially a vast, flat-roofed rectangular hall. A huge open gallery ran along the axis, with wings extending down either side. The main exhibition space was two stories high, with the upper floor stepped in from the boundary. Most of the building had a roof, except for the central transept. Both the flat-profile sections and the transept roof were constructed using the key element of Paxtons design - his patented ridge-and-furrow roofing system. The basic roofing unit, in essence, took the form of a triangular prism
4. The Iron Church – The Iron Church or The Cast Iron Church is a term which has been used to refer to any of the three churches built in Liverpool in the early 19th century by John Cragg, who ran the Mersey Iron Foundry. The churches incorporated substantial cast iron elements into their structure and decoration, two of these churches are still in existence and are active Anglican parish churches. These are St Georges Church, Everton, and St Michaels Church, the third church, now demolished, was St Philips in Hardman Street. Tin tabernacle Bulgarian Iron Church Bibliography