Category:Charles Barry buildings
Pages in category "Charles Barry buildings"
The following 28 pages are in this category, out of 28 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 28 pages are in this category, out of 28 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Charles Barry – He also developed the Italian Renaissance garden style for the many gardens he designed around country houses. Born on 23 May 1795 in Bridge Street, Westminster, he was the son of Walter Edward Barry, a stationer. He was baptised at St Margarets, Westminster, into the Church of England and his father remarried shortly after Frances died and Barrys stepmother Sarah would bring him up. He was educated at schools in Homerton and then Aspley Guise, before being apprenticed to Middleton & Bailey, Lambeth architects and surveyors. Barry exhibited drawings at the Royal Academy annually from 1812 to 1815 and he visited France and, while in Paris, spent several days at the Musée du Louvre. In Rome he sketched antiquities, sculptures and paintings at the Vatican Museums and other galleries, before carrying on to Naples, Pompeii, Bari, while in Italy, Barry met Charles Lock Eastlake, an architect, William Kinnaird and Francis Johnson and Thomas Leverton Donaldson. From Constantinople he visited the Troad, Assos, Pergamon and back to Smyrna, on 18 June 1819, Barry parted from Baillie at Tripoli, Lebanon. Over this time, Barry created more than 500 sketches, Barry then travelled on to Cyprus, Rhodes, Halicarnassus, Ephesus and Smyrna from where he sailed on 16 August 1819 for Malta. Barry then sailed from Malta to Syracuse, Sicily, then Italy and his travels in Italy exposed him to Renaissance architecture and after arriving in Rome in January 1820, he met architect John Lewis Wolfe, who inspired Barry himself to become an architect. Their friendship continued until Barry died, the building that inspired Barrys admiration for Italian architecture was the Palazzo Farnese. Over the following months, he and Wolfe together studied the architecture of Vicenza, Venice, Verona and Florence, where the Palazzo Strozzi greatly impressed him. While in Rome he had met Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, through whom he met Henry Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland and their London home, Holland House, was the centre of the Whig Party. Barry remained a supporter of the Liberal party, the successor to the Whig Party. Barry was invited to the gatherings at the house, and there met many of the prominent members of the group, Barry set up his home and office in Ely Place in 1821. In 1827 he moved to 27 Foley Place, then in 1842 he moved to 32 Great George Street and finally to The Elms, now 29 Clapham Common Northside, the Georgian house of five bays and three stories was designed by Samuel Pepys Cockerell as his own home. Probably thanks to his fiancées friendship with John Soane, Barry was recommended to the Church Building Commissioners and these were in the Gothic Revival architecture style, including two in Lancashire, St. Matthew, Campfield, Manchester, and All Saints Church, Whitefield. Barry designed three churches for the Commissioners in Islington, Holy Trinity, St. Johns and St. Pauls, all in the Gothic in style and built between 1826 and 1828. His final church for the Commissioners was the Gothic St Peters Church, Brighton, the Gothic Hurstpierpoint church, with its tower and spire, unlike his earlier churches was much closer to the Cambridge Camden Societys approach to church design
2. Cliveden House – Cliveden is an Italianate mansion and estate in Buckinghamshire, on the border with Berkshire. It crowns an outlying ridge of the Chiltern Hills by the village of Taplow. Set on banks 40 metres above the River Thames, its grounds slope down to the river, the site has been home to an earl, three countesses, two dukes, a Prince of Wales and the Viscounts Astor. As home of Nancy Astor, the house was the place of the Cliveden set of the 1920s and 1930s — a group of political intellectuals. Later, during the 1960s, it became the setting for key events of the notorious Profumo Affair, during the 1970s, it was occupied by Stanford University, which used it as an overseas campus. Today owned by the National Trust, the house is leased as a hotel run by London & Regional Properties. Cliveden means valley among cliffs and refers to the dene which cuts through part of the estate, Cliveden has been spelled differently over the centuries, some of the variations being Cliffden, Clifden, Cliefden and Clyveden. The 375 acres gardens and woodlands are open to the public, there have been three houses on this site, the first, built in 1666, burned down in 1795 and the second house was also destroyed by fire, in 1849. The present Grade I listed house was built in 1851 by the architect Charles Barry for George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, designed by Sir Charles Barry in 1851 to replace a house previously destroyed by fire, the present house is a blend of the English Palladian style and the Roman Cinquecento. The Victorian three-storey mansion sits on a 400-foot long, 20-foot high brick terrace or viewing platform which dates from the mid-17th century, the exterior of the house is rendered in Roman cement, with terracotta additions such as balusters, capitals, keystones and finials. The roof of the mansion is meant for walking on, and there is a view, above the tree-line. Below the balustraded roofline is a Latin inscription which continues around the four sides of the house and recalls its history, it was composed by the then prime minister William Ewart Gladstone. On the west front it reads, POSITA INGENIO OPERA CONSILIO CAROLI BARRY ARCHIT A MDCCCLI, the main contractor for the work was Lucas Brothers. In 1984–86 the exterior of the mansion was overhauled and a new roof installed by the National Trust. In 2013, restoration work on the house was carried out including the restoration of 300 sash windows and 20 timber doors. The interior of the house today is different from its original appearance in 1851–52. This is mainly due to the 1st Lord Astor, who altered the interior layout. His aim was to make the interior as much like an Italian palazzo as possible, the ceiling and walls were panelled in English oak, with Corinthian columns and swags of carved flowers for decoration, all by architect Frank Pearson
3. Dunrobin Castle – Dunrobin Castle is a stately home in Sutherland, in the Highland area of Scotland, and the family seat of the Earl of Sutherland and the Clan Sutherland. It is located 1 mile north of Golspie, and approximately 5 miles south of Brora, dunrobins origins lie in the Middle Ages, but most of the present building and the gardens were added by Sir Charles Barry between 1835 and 1850. Some of the building is visible in the interior courtyard. After being used as a school for seven years, it is now open to the public. The lands of Sutherland were acquired before 1211, by Hugh, Lord of Duffus, the Earldom of Sutherland was created around 1235 for Hughs son, William, surmised to have descended from the House of Moray by the female line. The castle may have built on the site of an early medieval fort. The earliest castle was a keep with walls over 6 feet thick. Unusually, the ceilings of each floor were formed by stone vaults rather than being timber, the castle is thought to be named after Robert, the 6th Earl of Sutherland. Dunrobin Castle was built in the midst of a society, with Norse. Robert the Bruce planted the Gordons, who supported his claim to the crown, at Huntly in Aberdeenshire, the Earldom passed to the Gordon family in the 16th century when the 8th Earl of Sutherland gave his daughter Elizabeth in marriage to Adam Gordon. In 1518, in the absence of Adam Gordon, the castle was captured by Alexander Sutherland, the Gordons quickly retook the castle, captured Alexander and placed his head on a spear on top of the castle tower. Alexanders son John made an attempt on the castle in 1550, during the more peaceful 17th century, the keep was extended with the addition of a large house, built around a courtyard to the south-west. During the Jacobite Rising of 1745, the Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart stormed Dunrobin Castle without warning, the 17th Earl of Sutherland, who had changed his surname from Gordon to Sutherland, narrowly escaped them, exiting through a back door. He sailed for Aberdeen where he joined the Duke of Cumberlands army, on the death of the 18th Earl in 1766, the house passed to his daughter, Elizabeth, who married the politician George Leveson-Gower, later created 1st Duke of Sutherland. In 1785, the house was altered and extended again, between 1835 and 1850, Sir Charles Barry remodelled the castle in the Scottish Baronial style for the 2nd Duke of Sutherland. Barry had been the architect for the Palace of Westminster, home to the House of Commons, the 14th-century tower, and the 17th-century and 18th-century extensions, were retained, and survive within Barrys 19th-century work. Dunrobin Castle railway station, on the Far North Line, was opened in 1870, the present waiting room was constructed in 1902, and is a category B listed building. In 1915, the building was in use as a hospital when fire damaged much of the interior
4. Halifax Town Hall – Halifax Town Hall is a grade II* listed, 19th century town hall in the English town of Halifax, West Yorkshire. It is notable for its design and interiors by Charles Barry and his son, Edward Middleton Barry, the Mayor and corporation first proposed that they build a new town hall in 1847. They suggested it again in 1853 after the town had become a five years earlier. They proposed it again in 1856, the later proposals were prompted by the 1853 Improvement Act, which allowed the borough to borrow £15,000 to build a town hall, courthouse and police station. This may explain why the town hall blends in with several Crossley Street buildings, the council, Edward Akroyd and John Crossley requested that Charles Barry judge the design entries, he disliked all three entries and was asked in turn to submit his own design. His design was accepted, but he died in 1860 and his son, Edward Middleton Barry, completed the design which was erected on a 148 x 90 ft plot on John Crossleys land. The foundation stone was laid in 1861 and it was listed on 31 July 1963. 358 trains brought 70,000 people, and thousands more walked to attend a session of openings and visits in Halifax by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII. There was a procession to the town hall on 4 August. This was followed by a service in the Piece Hall at which thousands of children sang hymns while 870 police controlled the crowd, perhaps Victoria herself might have opened the town hall, but for her widowhood in 1861 and her subsequent retirement from public life. Our very streets were redolent with the fragrance of the flower garden, the rain began to fall somewhat heavily by eleven oclock on Monday night and, as far as we can learn, continued to fall all night. From a very early hour in the morning it descended literally in torrents and it would be impossible to calculate the amount of real misery experienced here. When Edward arrived by train on 3 August, he was greeted with a salute by two guns on Beacon Hill, and a guard of honour comprising 300 soldiers. There was a banquet at Manor Heath, where 100 people serenaded him in the rain, then there was a balloon ascent and a firework display. Hundreds of men had to be drafted in to control crowds arriving at Halifax railway station, when the town hall was opened to the public on 11 August, the mayor presented four marble busts of Victoria, Albert, Edward and Alexandra. These were put in storage from 1954 after redecoration and restored to public view on 6 September 2008, in 1958, the film Room at the Top was filmed in the town hall and Halifax railway station. In 1994-95 the offices on the floor were double-glazed. In 2006-07 the carved, wooden Overgate Hospice panel was presented to the hall by local woodcarvers
5. Harewood House – Harewood House is a country house in Harewood near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. Designed by architects John Carr and Robert Adam, it was built between 1759 and 1771 for wealthy plantation owner Edwin Lascelles, 1st Baron Harewood, the landscape was designed by Lancelot Capability Brown and spans 1,000 acres at Harewood. Still home to the Lascelles family, Harewood House is a member of the Treasure Houses of England, the house is a Grade I listed building and a number of features in the grounds and courtyard have been listed as Grade I, II and II*. The Lascelles family claim to have arrived in England with William the Conqueror, the family had settled in Yorkshire by 1315 as the de Lascelles. Prosperous members of the county gentry, the Lascelles served as members of parliament, the foundations were laid in 1759, with the house being largely complete by 1765. The fashionable Robert Adam submitted designs for the interiors, which were approved in 1765, Adam made a number of minor alterations to Carrs designs for the exterior of the building, including internal courtyards. The house remained untouched until the 1840s when Sir Charles Barry was employed by the Henry Lascelles, 3rd Earl of Harewood. Barry added second storeys to each of the wings to provide extra bedrooms, removed the south portico. In 1922, Henry Lascelles, Viscount Lascelles married Mary, Princess Royal, initially living in the nearby Goldsborough Hall, the couple moved permanently into Harewood House at the death of Henrys father in 1929. The house is the seat of the Lascelles family, and home of David Lascelles. The house and grounds have been transferred into a trust ownership structure managed by Harewood House Trust and are open to the public for most of the year, Harewood won a Large Visitor Attraction of the Year award in the 2009 national Excellence in England awards. Harewood houses a collection of paintings by masters of the Italian Renaissance, family portraits by Reynolds, Hoppner and Lawrence, changing temporary exhibitions are held each season in the Terrace Gallery. Catering facilities in the house include Michelin-starred fine dining, from May 2007 to October 2008 the grounds contained Yorkshires first planetarium, the Yorkshire Planetarium. The Leeds Country Way passes through the Harewood Estate, to the south of the house and lake, artist Joseph Turner visited the house and painted the outdoor landscape in watercolour. Elton John has performed a concert on the grounds and it has featured in both the television and film versions of Brideshead Revisited. Since 1996, part of the estate has developed as the village in the ITV soap opera Emmerdale. The Bird Garden at Harewood House has a collection of exotic Bird species. It is a member of the British and Irish Association of Zoos, birds that can be seen in the garden include Humboldt penguins, Chilean flamingos, Duyvenbodes lories and macaws
6. Highclere Castle – Highclere Castle /ˈhaɪklɪər/ is a country house in the Jacobethan style by the architect Charles Barry, with a park designed by Capability Brown. The 5, 000-acre estate is in Hampshire, England, about 5 miles south of Newbury and it is the country seat of the Earl of Carnarvon, a branch of the Anglo-Welsh Herbert family. Highclere Castle was a location for the British comedy series Jeeves and Wooster. It was also used as the filming location for the award-winning period drama Downton Abbey. The great hall and some of the bedrooms located inside the building were used for filming. The castle and gardens are open to the public during July and August, the castle stands on the site of an earlier house, which was built on the foundations of the medieval palace of the Bishops of Winchester, who owned this estate from the 8th century. The original site was recorded in the Domesday Book, an itinerary of King Edward II lists him as spending 2 September 1320 with Rigaud of Assier, the Bishop of Winchester, at Bishops Clere, alias Highclere. The same tour has him on 31 August 1320 at Sandleford Priory, where he stayed or tarried for the night. Since 1679 Highclere has been home to the Earls of Carnarvon and their forebears. In 1692, Sir Robert Sawyer, a lawyer, MP, Speaker, and college friend of Samuel Pepys, bequeathed a mansion at Highclere to his daughter, Margaret. Their second son, Robert Sawyer Herbert, inherited Highclere, began its portrait collection and his nephew and heir Henry Herbert was created Baron Porchester and later Earl of Carnarvon by George III. In 1680 Sir Robert Sawyer presented the living of Highclere to Rev. Isaac Milles, the elder, white Oak was the parsonage where Milles took pupils, including the many children of Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke, by marriage the new proprietor of Highclere. Rev. Isaac Milles, the younger, carried on his father’s school at Highclere, Milles the youngers daughter Elizabeth married Reverend Richard Pococke, LL. B. and had the Rt. Rev. Bishop Pococke was one of the first to collect seeds of the Cedar of Lebanon which he did during his tour of Lebanon in 1738. Some of these seeds germinated and grew at Highclere and Wilton House, and of his six sons, the eldest, Edward Pococke was chaplain to the Earl of Pembroke, and rector of Minall or Mildenhall, Wiltshire, and canon of Salisbury. William Cobbett in his journal of November 2,1821, whilst at Hurstbourne Tarrant wrote, I came from Berghclere this morning and it is a fine season to look at woods. The oaks are still covered, the beeches in their best dress, the elms yet pretty green, and this is, according to my fancy, the prettiest park that I have ever seen. A great variety of hill and dell, I like this place better than Fonthill, Blenheim, Stowe, or any other gentlemans grounds that I have seen