Pages in category "Christian humanists"
The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Bruce Bawer – Theodore Bruce Bawer, who writes under the name Bruce Bawer, is an American writer who has been a resident of Norway since 1999. He is a literary, film, and cultural critic and poet who has written about gay rights, Christianity. Bawers writings on literature, gay issues and Islam have all been highly controversial, while championing such authors as William Keepers Maxwell Jr. Flannery OConnor, and Guy Davenport, he has criticized such authors as Norman Mailer and E. L. Doctorow. A member of the New Formalists, a group of poets who promoted the use of forms, he has assailed such poets as Allen Ginsberg for what he views as their lack of polish. Although he has frequently described as a conservative, Bawer has often protested that such labels are misleading or meaningless. ”Through his father, Bawer is of Polish descent, and through his mother, his ancestry is English, Welsh, Scottish, Scotch-Irish. Born and raised in New York City, Bawer attended New York City public schools and Stony Brook University, as a graduate student, he taught undergraduate courses in literature and composition. He earned a B. A. in English from Stony Brook in 1978, followed by an M. A. in 1982 and his dissertation, “The Middle Generation, ” was about the poets Delmore Schwartz, Randall Jarrell, John Berryman, and Robert Lowell. A revised version of Bawers dissertation was published under the title in 1986. Reviewing the book in The New Criterion, James Atlas called the “character analyses. In Commonweal Magazine, Robert Phillips called Bawer “a critic of the first order, Bawer contributed to the arts journal The New Criterion every month between October 1983 and May 1993. R. Their articles are full of pronouncements about moral values, the crisis in the humanities and their mission is to defend American culture against shoddy merchandise, and they dont shirk from the task. He served as an editor of the short-lived magazine Arrival, based in California, in 1987–88, was a member of the board of the National Book Critics Circle, Bawer spent two years as University Preceptor at Adelphi University. In recent years, he has considerably less literary criticism than he did in the 1980s. Much of it has appeared in The Hudson Review, in 1987, his book The Contemporary Stylist was published by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. The year after, Graywolf Press issued Diminishing Fictions, a collection of essays on the modern novel. ”Bawer also published a collection of essays on poetry, Prophets and Professors, in 1995. He is on the side of the formalists and those for whom poetry is not a game of literary gossip. This book is an intelligent study by someone who has read and judged a great deal of poetry and criticism. ”In the New York Times Book Review, Andrea Barnet described the book as “immensely readable. As though with the scalpel of a surgeon removing tumors, he deftly, coolly, cuts through the ephemeral malarkey that hither too obscured his subjects
2. Gentile de' Becchi – Gentile de Becchi was an Italian bishop, diplomat, orator and writer. He was a member of the Platonic Academy of the Medici of Florence and tutor of Lorenzo the Magnificent and his son Giovanni de Medici, of his writings there exist many letters, poems in Latin, and prayers which are praised by historian Cecil Grayson as his finest works. Gentile de Becchi was born in Urbino, the son of Giorgio Becchi, both the year of his birth and the place of his early studies are unknown. As a priest, in 1450, with the support of the Medici, in 1473, Lorenzo de Medici, as ’de facto’ ruler of Florence, proposed him as Bishop of Arezzo. Despite his close association with Florence and the Medici family, de Becchi did not neglect his obligations to Arezzo. He supported the founding of a convent of Poor Clares in the city, licensed the Olivetans to build a church and monastery, in 1454, Gentile was chosen by Piero di Cosimo de Medici as tutor to his sons, the future Lorenzo the Magnificent and his brother Giuliano. In 1466, he accompanied Lorenzo de Medici on a mission to Pope Paul II. Gentile de Becchi then returned to Rome in April 1469, to accompany Clarice to Florence for her marriage, Gentile became a prominent member of the Medici Academy, alongside the philosophers Marsilio Ficino, Cristoforo Landino and later, Agnolo Poliziano and Pico della Mirandola. He was known as a poet, as well as a theologian and orator, and communicated with other poets and humanists including Cardinal Jacopo Piccolomini-Ammannati, Francesco Filelfo, Agnolo Poliziano dedicated his ode Del Lungo, written in the wake of the Pazzi conspiracy, to de Becchi. In 1489, Lorenzo chose Gentile as tutor of his son, Giovanni de Medici. Giovanni was made a cardinal at thirteen and at thirty-eight succeeded Pope Julius II as Pope Leo X, the Pope responded by arresting the Florentine ambassador, excommunicating Lorenzo de Medici and the Signoria and forbidding the Florentine clergy from practising. Gentile de Becchi, as Bishop of Arezzo, stood by the Medici, with the archbishop Rinaldo Orsini, he convened a synod of the local clergy and succeeded in returning the normal spiritual and ecclesiastical life to the City of Florence. The speech was printed by Niccolò della Magna and circulated. It is probable that for this reason Gentile de Becchis proposal as cardinal was rejected by the Pope, in 1481, Sixtus commissioned a team of painters including Florentines Botticelli and Domenico Ghirlandaio to take part in the painting of a series of narrative frescos in the Sistine Chapel. This was part of healing the breach between Florence and the Vatican, Gentile de Becchis oratorial skills made him the chosen representative of the Republic of Florence on a number of diplomatic missions, besides his role in making peace after the Pazzi conspiracy. He occupied this role both under Lorenzo and his son Piero di Lorenzo de Medici who succeeded his father on his death in March 1492, in 1483 Gentile went to France to bear greetings to Charles VIII after his coronation. In 1485 he went on behalf of Florence to negotiate with Pope Innocent VIII over hostilities with Ferdinand II of Aragon, in 1492 he was sent by Piero to bear greetings to the newly elected Pope Alexander VI. In 1493 and 1494 he was in France with Piero Soderini negotiating peace between Florence and Charles VIII who was planning to invade Italy, Gentile did not return to Florence after the exile of the Medici
3. Christian Beyer – Christian Beyer, a Saxon Chancellor and international lawyer. In documents partially different names and spellings can be found, Christian Beyer was born in 1482 Kleinlangheim in Lower Franconia, now part of Bavaria the son of the town bailiff Hans Beyer. He enrolled in winter semester 1500/1501 at the University of Erfurt, in the summer of 1503 the young Franken was accredited as Cristoferus Bauari de Lanckhem to the free University of Wittenberg in the former spa town of Wittenberg in Saxony. According to the collection of Wittenberg University, he became one of the first students at the newly founded free establishment with a fast gaining reputation. In 1505 he obtained the degree and in 1507 they called the highly talented young man as a teacher at the “Artistic Faculty”. Three years later, he received his doctorate from the new Faculty of Law as Doctorado in both law disciplines and he also got married in the same year to Magdalena Gertitz, daughter of Wittenberg Mayor Ambrosius Gertitz. Already in 1512 his house was victim of a fire outbreak, because he suffered so much in construction costs, he later asked the Elector of Saxony to increase his annual salary by 30 florins. This building was like most of the buildings of the time also lodging for students. Payments for boarding and lodging of the students were an important source of income for the town’s citizens and it is well known even in the houses of Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthons students was staying and living. Christian Beyer the legal councillor of Frederick III, Elector of Saxony and he served as Mayor for further periods in the years 1516,1519,1522 and 1525 and served in the years 1520,1523 and 1526 as a consulting former Mayor, the Council of Wittenberg. In the years of advancing the Reformation, so he turned his endeavours for the town of Wittenberg towards fulfilling his teaching post at the university. Nevertheless Martin Luther criticized him initially because he did not immediately renounced the papal principles and he soon altered his opinion and strode in the aftermath to a conversion to the Reformed faith. In October 1520, Christian Beyer and other members of the Electoral Councils the advice to Frederick III and they argued that the issue should be treated the matter as harmless and dilatory”. In 1521, the “Wittenberg movement” began among the Augustinian monks of the monastery of Wittenberg, the first church services in accordance to the Popes way was abolished in the Castle and Town Church in Wittenberg. Luther held at time a hiding place on the Wartburg Castle. When he heard this, he wrote them a letter, in which, he congratulated them and wished that the “project happy operations were carried out”. This letter shows, however, that the monks were not unanimous or undiversified, George Spalatin, the Saxon Elector’s theological adviser, had restrained them to moderation, out of concern that Martin Luther could gain even more resentment of his adversaries. However, this process had reached the ears of the Prior of the Augustinians and he did not agree with what had occurred, and made a strong notion towards an abolition of the strides
4. Sebastian Brant – Sebastian Brant was a German humanist and satirist. He is best known for his satire Das Narrenschiff, Brant was born in Strasbourg to an innkeeper but eventually entered the University of Basel in 1475, initially studying philosophy and then transferring to the school of law. From 1484 he began teaching at the university and completed his doctorate in law in 1489, in 1485 he had married Elisabeth Bürg, the daughter of a cutler in the town. Keen for his eldest son Onophrius to become a humanist, he taught him Latin in the cradle, in this allegory, the author lashes the weaknesses and vices of his time. It is a work in which a ship laden with. Here he conceives Saint Grobian, whom he imagines to be the patron saint of vulgar, most of Brants important writing, including many works on civil and canon law, were written while he was living in Basel. He returned to Strasbourg in 1500, where he was made syndic, in 1503 he secured the influential position of chancellor and his engagement in public affairs prevented him from pursuing literature further. Brant made several petitions to the Emperor Maximilian to drive back the Turks in order to save the West, in the same spirit, he had sung the praises of Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1492 for having conquered the Moors and unified Spain. A staunch proponent of German cultural nationalism, he believed that reform was necessary for the security of the Empire against the Ottoman threat. Although essentially conservative in his religious views, Brants eyes were open to abuses in the church, alexander Barclays Ship of Fools is a free imitation into early Tudor period English of the German poem, and a Latin version by Jakob Locher was hardly less popular than the original. Cock Lorells Bote was an imitation of the Narrenschiff. In this work Cock Lorell, a notorious fraudulent tinker of the period, gathers round him a collection of tradesmen. Though based on Heinrich Steinhöwels 1476 edition of Aesop, the Latin prose was emended by Brant, Works by Sebastian Brant at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Sebastian Brant at Internet Archive Works by Sebastian Brant at LibriVox
5. Tony Campolo – Anthony Tony Campolo is an American sociologist, pastor, author, public speaker and former spiritual advisor to U. S. President Bill Clinton. Campolo is known as one of the most influential leaders in the Evangelical left and has been a proponent of progressive thought. He has also become a leader of the Red-Letter Christian movement, Campolo is an alumnus and professor emeritus of sociology at Eastern University in St. Davids, Pennsylvania. He is a 1956 graduate of Eastern College, Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary, and the American Baptist Churches USA. He commuted often to the church from his home in St. Davids, for ten years, he was a professor of sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. Campolo founded the Evangelical Association for the Promotion of Education, which works to help youth in the U. S. and Canada. His best known work is a sermon entitled Its Friday, But Sundays Coming, recordings of which have been widely circulated in evangelical circles, and which is based on a sermon by a black minister at Mount Carmel Baptist Church. He is a frequent speaker at Christian conferences and he was also one of several spiritual advisers to President Bill Clinton during the Monica Lewinsky scandal where he met with president Clinton at the White House. Although he has associated himself with the Democratic Party and several left wing groups and causes, Campolo holds a consistent life ethic stance in opposition to any human situation that leads to the termination of life including warfare, poverty/starvation, capital punishment, and euthanasia. Starting in the late 1980s, his political beliefs began to put leaders of the Christian right, such as Gary Bauer and Jerry Falwell. The book became a hot issue, and the controversy caused Campus Crusade for Christ. The Christian Legal Society empowered a reconciliation panel, led by noted theologian J. I, packer, to examine the issue and resolve the controversy. The panel examined the book and questioned Campolo, the panel issued a statement saying that although it found Campolos statements methodologically naïve and verbally incautious, it did not find them to be heretical. On January 14,2014, Campolo announced his plans to retire from leading the EAPE, the extra money in the ministry will be distributed to offshoot ministries started by EAPE, however, he plans to continue writing and speaking. Beginning in March 2011, Tony began hosting the TV show Red Letter Christians and this weekly half-hour talk show features interviews with leaders in the Red-Letter Christian movement. Tony Campolo and his wife Peggy have participated in public debates and discussions about the place of lesbians and gays within church. Tony Campolo formerly contended that homosexuality was a sin in practice and his wife, Peggy Campolo, disagreed, holding that committed, monogamous homosexual practice was not a sin, she supports full equality for homosexual, bisexual and transsexual persons. Regarding marriage, Tony Campolo states that all couples should have the right to a union with all the legal rights that are associated with such a contract
6. Michel Chartrand – Michel Chartrand was an union activist and leader from Quebec. Born in Outremont and trained as a typography and print worker, during the Grande Noirceur, he took part in major strike actions such as the Asbestos Strike in 1949, the Louiseville Strike in 1952 and the Murdochville Strike in 1957. In 1968, he became president of the Montreal central council of the Confédération des syndicats nationaux, in 1970, during the October crisis, he was arrested without a warrant and put in jail for four months. He was president of the CSN Montreal central council until 1978, during the 1980s, he took action for the rights of injured workers, he created the Fondation pour l’aide aux travailleuses et travailleurs accidentés in 1984. He promoted progressive values and syndicalism in the media until the end of his life, Chartrand is considered to have been a promoter of socialism, a severe critic of capitalism and a leading figure of syndicalism in Quebec. He was married to feminist writer and union activist Simonne Monet-Chartrand, born in the Montreal neighborhood of Outremont, he studied at Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf secondary school and collège Sainte-Thérèse. In 1933, he trained to be a Trappist monk, in the 1939 Quebec election, he campaigned for the Action libérale nationale party. In 1940, he enrolled in a course at the Université de Montréal taught by Lionel Groulx. Chartrand is reported to have joined the Canadian Officer Training Corps in 1941 following the outbreak of World War II in September 1939 and this program, conducted across Canada, allowed university students to be credited with military service while continuing their studies without being posted to active duty. Chartrand protested that the Canadian Army documents were only in the English language, in a 1994 interview, Suzette Rouleau, Pierre Trudeaus sister, described engaging in a fist fight with Chartrand, to prevent him bullying her baby brother, when they were all teenagers. In February 1942, he was married to Simonne Monet by Father Lionel Groulx at the Notre-Dame Basilica, by the time the Parliament of Canada put the military draft in place in November 1944, Chartrand was the father of three children. In the 1945 federal election, he was the Bloc Populaire candidate in the Chambly-Rouville riding and he lost in a landslide to his Liberal Party of Canada opponent. In 1948, his child was born, and the following year he went to the Asbestos Region to participate in the Asbestos Strike by local mine workers. In 1950, he became active with the committee of the Catholic Workers Confederation of Canada. Involved with a number of operations, in 1953 Chartrand became a salaried member of the unions executive committee. After internal disputes, he was fired from his job, however, after appealing the decision, a tribunal under Pierre Trudeau reinstated him. In 1954, Chartrand stood for election to the post of secretary-general of the union but was defeated by Jean Marchand, in 1956, he joined the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, a social democratic federal political party headed in Quebec by Thérèse Casgrain. Chartrand was appointed a Quebec delegate to the convention in Winnipeg