Category:Communities on the Congo River
Pages in category "Communities on the Congo River"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Boma, Democratic Republic of the Congo – Boma is a port town on the Congo River, some 100 km upstream from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Kongo Central province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It had an population of 162,521 in 2012. Boma was the city of the Congo Free State and Belgian Congo from 1 May 1886 to 1926. The port handles exports of timber, bananas, cacao. Boma was founded as a station and entrepôt by merchants of several European countries in the 16th century. Trade was chiefly in the hands of Dutch merchants, but British, French, no European power exercised sovereignty, though claims were from time to time put forward by Portugal. Henry Morton Stanley arrived here on 9 Aug.1877, after crossing Africa east to west, in 1884 the people of Boma granted a protectorate of their country to the International Association of the Congo. Boma lies on the bank of the Congo River, some 100 km upstream from Muanda. The great width and depth of the river allow seagoing ships to reach Boma, between 1889 and 1984, the port was served by a 610 mm gauge railway line from Tshela. Antoine-Roger Bolamba, politician and poet, was here in 1913. Mpongo Lanu, popular Congolese singer, born in Boma 1956, köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as tropical wet and dry. The highest record temperature was 41 °C on February 25,1976, transport in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Media related to Boma, Congo-Kinshasa at Wikimedia Commons Boma Panorama
2. Brazzaville – Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River. As of the 2007 census, it had a population of 1.37 million. The projection of the CNSEE shows an increase to 1.7 million by 2015, the United Nations Population Division estimate for 2014 is 1.83 million. The populous city of Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, together with Kinshasa, the combined conurbation of Kinshasa-Brazzaville has thus about 12 million inhabitants. Over a third of the population of the Republic of Congo lives in the capital and it is also a financial and administrative capital. In order to distinguish between the two African countries with Congo in their names, the Republic of the Congo is sometimes called Congo-Brazzaville, Kinshasa lies on the southern bank of the Congo, across from Brazzaville. This is the place in the world where two national capital cities are situated on opposite banks of a river, within sight of each other. There have been proposals to connect the two capitals by a Brazzaville–Kinshasa Bridge, while Kinshasa lies to the south, Brazzaville lies to the north of the Congo River. The city is 506 kilometres inland from the Atlantic Ocean and approximately 474 kilometres south of the equator, the city is a commune that is separated from the other regions of the republic, it is surrounded by the Pool Region. Around the city are large plains, the town is relatively flat, and situated at an altitude of 317 metres. The Italo-French explorer, Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà, founded the settlement which commemorates his name on 10 September 1880 on the site of a Bateke village named Nkuna. The local leader, Makoko of the Téké, signed a treaty of protection with de Brazza which subjugated his lands to the French Empire. The city of Brazzaville was built four years later in order as a competitor with Léopoldville which Belgian colonists built on the side of the river. From October 1880 until May 1882 a small squad of troops led by Senegalese Sergeant Malamine Camara occupied the site, the Berlin Conference of 1884 placed French control over the area on an official footing. The city became the capital first of the French Congo, and then of French Equatorial Africa, a federation of French colonial states which encompassed Gabon, in 1924 the Congo-Océan railway came into service, linking Brazzaville with the Atlantic port of Pointe-Noire. Construction of the resulted in the death of over 17,000 Africans. During World War II Brazzaville and the rest of French Equatorial Africa, in 1944, Brazzaville hosted a meeting of the Free French forces and representatives of Frances African colonies. The resulting Brazzaville Declaration represented an attempt to redefine the relationship between France and its African colonies, until the 1960s, the city was divided into European and African sections
3. Kinshasa – Kinshasa is the capital and the largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is on the Congo River, once a site of fishing villages, Kinshasa is now an urban area with a 2014 population of over 11 million. It faces Brazzaville, the capital of the neighbouring Republic of the Congo, the city of Kinshasa is also one of the DRCs 26 provinces. Kinshasa is Africas third-largest urban area after Cairo and Lagos, Kinshasa hosted the 14th Francophonie Summit in October 2012. Residents of Kinshasa are known as Kinois or Kinshasans, the aboriginal people are called Humbu and Teke. The city was founded as a trading post by Henry Morton Stanley in 1881. It was named Léopoldville in honour of King Leopold II of Belgium, the post flourished as the first navigable port on the Congo River above Livingstone Falls, a series of rapids over 300 kilometres below Leopoldville. At first, all arriving by sea or being sent by sea had to be carried by porters between Léopoldville and Matadi, the port below the rapids and 150 km from the coast. The completion of the Matadi-Kinshasa portage railway, in 1898, provided a route around the rapids. In 1914, a pipeline was installed so that oil could be transported from Matadi to the upriver steamers in Leopoldville. By 1923, the city was elevated to capital of the Belgian Congo, the town, nicknamed Léo or Leopold, became a commercial centre and grew rapidly during the colonial period. In 1965, Joseph-Désiré Mobutu seized power in the Congo in his coup and initiated a policy of Africanizing the names of people. In 1966, Léopoldville was renamed Kinshasa, for a village named Kinchassa that once stood near the site, the city grew rapidly under Mobutu, drawing people from across the country who came in search of their fortunes or to escape ethnic strife elsewhere. This inevitably brought a change to the ethnic and linguistic composition. In the 1990s, an uprising began, which, by 1997, had brought down the regime of Mobutu. Kinshasa suffered greatly from Mobutus excesses, mass corruption, nepotism, nevertheless, it is still a major cultural and intellectual centre for Central Africa, with a flourishing community of musicians and artists. It is also the major industrial centre, processing many of the natural products brought from the interior. The city has recently had to fend off rioting soldiers, who were protesting the failure to pay them
4. Kisangani – Kisangani /kiːsəŋˈɡɑːni/ is the capital of Orientale Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is the third largest urbanized city in the country and the largest of the cities lie in the tropical woodlands of the Congo. Singitini as rendered in Lingala, each of which share the same meaning the City on the Island and it is also known as Kisangani Boyoma, and the demonym for Kisangani is Boyoman. The languages most spoken at home by the population in the city are Swahili and Lingala, the official language of Kisangani is French, as defined by the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Some 1300 mi from the mouth of the Congo River, Kisangani is the farthest navigable point upstream and it has been the commercial capital of the northern Congo since the late 19th century. Kisangani has been home to politicians, including the national hero, Patrice Emery Lumumba. The city is also the birthplace of the University of Kisangani graduate, entrepreneur and current governor of Orientale Province, henry Morton Stanley founded Stanley Falls Station in 1883, on the Island of Wana Rusari in the Congo River near the present town of Kisangani. During the mid-19th century the area was inhabited by a native Congolese tribe known as the Clans of Enya, the island is located a few meters from the shore site of the present town on the Lualaba River its 7 falls spread over 100 km between Kisangani and Ubundu. Some 1,300 miles from the mouth of the Congo River, the city was known first as Falls Station and then with Belgian colonization of the area, it grew into a settlement called Stanleyville. A city terminus of steamer navigation on the Congo River, the town began as a Belgian trading post and it has been the major centre of the northern Congo since the late 19th century. Stanley left Mr. Binnie, an engineer and a Scotsman, in charge to trade with the local people, the name Kisangani was apparently used consistently by the local people, in conjunction with the name Stanleyville. In Swahili the manual published by the Marist Brothers in the 1920s, the name Kisangani is a Swahili rendering of the indigenous Congolese language word Boyoma, meaning City on the Island, also rendered in Lingala as Singitini with the same meaning. Relations between Free State Officials and the slavers were strained and after a fight the Station was abandoned in 1887, ultimately the Europeans gained complete control of the vast area in central Africa. On 15 July 1898, Stanleyville began serving as the capital of the relatively prosperous District of the Eastern Province Stanley Falls, City status was achieved by incorporation Order No. 12/357 on 6 September 1958, which divided Stanleyville into 4 municipalities, Belgian I, Belgian II, Brussels, towards the end of 1958, the city became the stronghold of Patrice Emery Lumumba, the leader of the political party Mouvement National Congolais. His strong ties with the city had been forged during his days as one of 350 clerks at the central post office, ethiopian ONUC troops arrived in the city after July 1960. After the assassination of Lumumba in 1961, Antoine Gizenga installed a government that competed with the government in Leopoldville. Before the country gained independence from Belgium in 1960, Kisangani was reputed to have more Rolls-Royces per capita than any city in the world
5. Makanza – Makanza is a community in the Équateur province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, headquarters of the Makanza Territory. Makanza was formerly known as Bangala Station and then as Nouvelle-Anvers / Nieuw-Antwerpen and it is a port on the River Congo. Located midway between Kinshasa and Kisangani, the location housed a trading post from the 1890, the town was one of the main stages of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition. The Bangala people of the area were among the first people to come in contact with the colonialists and their language, Lingala, eventually merged with the Lobangi lingua franca of the river. The territory of Makanza has 3 sectors, Bangala, four groups of 34 villages, Mweko, the main towns are, Bolombo Mabanga Makanza, capital Malele Malundja Mobeka Lusenge 1994=37,048 2004=41,447
6. Mbandaka – Mbandaka, formerly known as Coquilhatville or Coquilhatstad, is a city on the Congo River in the Democratic Republic of Congo, lying near the confluence of the Congo and Ruki Rivers. It is the capital of Équateur province, Mbandaka lies on the east side of the Congo River below the mouth of the Tshuapa River, a tributary of the Congo. It is south of the Ngiri Reserve on the bank of the Congo, a large area of swamp forest. Mbandaka is the capital of the province, and located only a few miles from the equator. It is home to Mbandaka airport and is linked by riverboat to Kinshasa, the citys population is approximately 729,257. Mbandaka is largely populated by people of the Mongo ethnic group, the main languages spoken in Mbandaka are Lingala, French and Mongo. Years of war and neglect have taken a toll on the city infrastructure. Most of the streets and avenues of the city are dirt roads, Mbandaka was founded in 1883 by Henry Morton Stanley with the name of Équateurville. In fact the Town Hall is about 4 kilometres north of the Geographic Equator Line, Stanley placed a large Equator Stone near the river bank south of the city to mark the point where he believed the Equator to cross the river. Due to its location close to the equator and the Congo River there were early plans to locate the capital of the Congo Free State in Mbandaka. Although plans were made, they never came off the drawing board and these plans included infrastructure for an estimated population of 100,000 people, a train station, a Catholic cathedral, a governors residence and a palace for future visits of Leopold II. In 1886, at the beginning of their rule, the Belgians changed the citys name to Coquilhatville. During the colonial time in 1938 works started on a bridge over the Congo River connecting Mbandaka with the French Congo, work was abandoned at the outbreak of World War II and only the foundations of the bridge pillars remain. In the 1930s several other projects were started by the Belgian colonial administration, including several factories, the city hall was completed only after the war in 1947 and was at that time, with a height of 39 meters, the tallest building in the Belgian Congo. On top of the city hall was a statue of Leopold II, the city hall was destroyed by a fire in 1963. In 1966 the citys name was changed, this time by the new independent government, hundreds of people in the city were massacred on May 13,1997 near the end of the First Congo War. The headquarters of the 4th Naval Region of the Navy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is located in Mbandaka. A large research center for Central African history, originally set up by Fathers Gustaaf Hulstaert, one of the finest botanical gardens representing central Africa is at nearby Eala, about 7 km east of the town centre