Category:Companies established in 1684
- Companies, corporations or businesses established in the year 1684.
1. De Dietrich – The history of the de Dietrich family has been linked to that of France and of Europe for over three centuries. To this day, the company bears the family name continues to play a major role in the economic life of Alsace. De Dietrich is a company based in France which traces its history back to 1684. The incumbent chairman of the supervisory board Marc-Antoine de Dietrich represents the 11th consecutive generation at the helm of the company, De Dietrich has been active in the automobile, railway and industrial equipment industry amongst others. 1684, Johann von Dietrich acquires the Jaegerthal forge,1719, The family is made Baron by the Holy Roman Empire. He becomes the largest land owner in Alsace and expands the familys industrial empire by building or acquiring forges and furnaces,1778, Louis XVI grants Jean de Dietrich the use of a hunting horn trademark to deter counterfeiters. This logo still serves as a symbol of quality today,1792, Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich, first mayor of Strasbourg in republican France, orders captain Rouget de Lisle a military hymn for the Army of the Rhine. First sung in Philippe-Frederics parlor on Place Broglie, the La Marseillaise became Frances national anthem,1804, After the havoc left by the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte helps De Dietrich rebuild. 1848, De Dietrich embraces the industrial era by progressively reducing the production of cast irons in favor of mechanical,1870, Despite the annexation by Germany of Alsace-Lorraine, the Dietrich family decides to remain close to the factories and employees and stays in Alsace. This choice calls for a diversification of De Dietrichs activities in order to adapt to German market demands,1896, De Dietrich enters automobile manufacturing. Eugene, Baron de Turckheim, buys manufacturing rights to Amédée Bollée, during its automotive development it hired amongst others the services of famous car builder Ettore Bugatti to design of the cars and Émile Mathis to handle commercialization. 1905, De Dietrich decides to out of automobile manufacturing to focus on mechanical construction, railroad equipment, process systems, central heating equipment. 1995, De Dietrich sells its interest in rolling stock railroad equipment manufacturing De Dietrich Ferroviaire (DDFs factory is in Reichshoffen, a majority stake in DDF was acquired by Alstom and the company is now known as Alstom-DDF. 2000, After the successive acquisitions of Rosenmund-Guedu and QVF, De Dietrich renames its chemical equipment division De Dietrich Process Systems. De Dietrich is the object a Public Tender Offer by the la Société Industrielle du Hanau, controlled by ABN AMRO Capital Investissement France,2001, In July 2001, after 50 years of quotation, De Dietrich is pulled out the market. 2002, In September 2002, De Dietrich sells the control of Cogifer and Cogifer TF, in December 2002, the Société Industrielles du Hanau takes over De Dietrich & Cie and assumes the name De Dietrich. 2004, In July 2004, De Dietrich divests from De Dietrich Thermique, the new entity formed De Dietrich Remeha, becomes one of Europes largest heating industry player, particularly in the fields of condensing boilers and renewable energies. In December 2004, the family regained 100% control of the holding company and this operation represents one of Europes largest family re-investments in recent years
2. Mississippi Company – The Mississippi Company of 1684 became the Company of the West in 1717, and expanded as the Company of the Indies from 1719. This corporation, which held a monopoly in French colonies in North America. In May 1716, the Banque Générale Privée, which developed the use of money, was set up by John Law. It was a bank, but three quarters of the capital consisted of government bills and government-accepted notes. In August 1717, he bought the Mississippi Company to help the French colony in Louisiana, in the same year Law conceived a joint-stock trading company called the Compagnie dOccident. Law was named the Chief Director of this new company, which was granted a monopoly of the West Indies. The bank became the Banque Royale in 1718, meaning the notes were guaranteed by the king, Louis XIVs long reign and wars had nearly bankrupted the French monarchy. Rather than reduce spending, the Regency of Louis XV of France endorsed the monetary theories of Scottish financier John Law, in 1716, Law was given a charter for the Banque Royale under which the national debt was assigned to the bank in return for extraordinary privileges. The key to the Banque Royale agreement was that the debt would be paid from revenues derived from opening the Mississippi Valley. The Bank was tied to other ventures of Law—the Company of the West, all were known as the Mississippi Company. The Mississippi Company had a monopoly on trade and mineral wealth, Law was given the title Duc dArkansas. Bernard de la Harpe and his party left New Orleans in 1719 to explore the Red River, in 1721, he explored the Arkansas River. At the Yazoo settlements in Mississippi he was joined by Jean Benjamin who became the scientist for the expedition, in 1718, there were only 700 Europeans in Louisiana. The Mississippi Company arranged ships to move 800 more, who landed in Louisiana in 1718, John Law encouraged Germans, particularly Germans of the Alsatian region who had recently fallen under French rule, and the Swiss to emigrate. Prisoners were set free in Paris in September 1719 onwards, under the condition that they marry prostitutes, the newly married couples were chained together and taken to the port of embarkation. In May 1720, after complaints from the Mississippi Company and the concessioners about this class of French immigrants, however, there was a third shipment of prisoners in 1721. Law exaggerated the wealth of Louisiana with a marketing scheme. The scheme promised success for the Mississippi Company by combining investor fervor, the popularity of company shares were such that they sparked a need for more paper bank notes, and when shares generated profits the investors were paid out in paper bank notes