Category:Competitors stripped of Summer Olympics medals
Pages in category "Competitors stripped of Summer Olympics medals"
The following 144 pages are in this category, out of 144 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 144 pages are in this category, out of 144 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Summer Olympic Games – The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years. The most recent Olympics were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the International Olympic Committee organizes the games and oversees the host citys preparations. In each Olympic event, gold medals are awarded for first place, silver medals are awarded for second place, and bronze medals are awarded for third, the Winter Olympic Games were created due to the success of the Summer Olympics. The Olympics have increased in scope from a 42-event competition with fewer than 250 male competitors from 14 nations in 1896 to 302 events with 10,768 competitors from 204 nations in 2012, eighteen countries have hosted the Summer Olympics. The United States has hosted four Summer Olympics, more than any other nation, four cities have hosted two Summer Olympics, Athens, Paris, Los Angeles, and Tokyo. Tokyo is the first city outside of the Western world to host the Summer Olympics multiple times, asia has hosted the Summer Olympics four times in Japan, South Korea, and China. The only Summer Olympics held in the Southern Hemisphere have been in Australia, the 2016 Games are the first Summer Olympics to be held in South America and the first to be held during the local winter season. Africa has yet to host a Summer Olympics, only five countries—Greece, Australia, France, Great Britain, and Switzerland—have been represented at every Summer Olympic Games. The only country to have won at least one medal at every Summer Olympic Games is Great Britain. The United States leads the medal table. Qualification rules for each of the Olympic sports are set by the International Sports Federations that governs that sports international competition, for individual sports, competitors typically qualify through attaining a certain place in a major international event or on the IFs ranking list. There is a rule that maximum three individual athletes may represent each nation per competition. Nations most often qualify teams for team sports through continental qualifying tournaments, each nation may be represented by no more than one team per competition a team is two people in some sports. The United States has hosted four Summer Olympic Games, more than any other nation, the United Kingdom hosted the 2012 Olympic Games, its third Summer Olympic Games, in its capital London, making London the first city to host the Summer Olympic Games three times. Australia, France, Germany, Greece, and Japan have all hosted the Summer Olympic Games twice. Other countries that have hosted the Summer Olympics are Belgium, Brazil, China, Canada, Finland, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, the Soviet Union, asia has hosted the Summer Olympics three times and will host again in 2020. In 2016, Rio de Janeiro hosted the first Summer Olympics in South America, three cities have hosted two Summer Olympic Games, Los Angeles, Paris, and Athens. Stockholm has hosted events at two Summer Olympic Games, having hosted the games in 1912 and the events at the 1956 Summer Olympics—which they are usually listed as jointly hosting
2. Lance Armstrong – Lance Edward Armstrong is an American former professional road racing cyclist. At age 16, Armstrong began competing as a triathlete and was a national sprint-course triathlon champion in 1989 and 1990, in 1992, Armstrong began his career as a professional cyclist with the Motorola team. In 1996, he was diagnosed with a fatal metastatic testicular cancer. After his recovery, he founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation to assist other cancer survivors. Returning to cycling in 1998, he was a member of the US Postal/Discovery team between 1998 and 2005, when he won his Tour de France titles, as well as a medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics. Between 2010 and 2011, he raced with Team Radio Shack and he retired for a second time in 2011. Armstrong had been the subject of doping allegations ever since winning the 1999 Tour de France, Armstrong chose not to contest the charges, citing the potential toll on his family. As a result, he received a ban from all sports that follow the World Anti-Doping Agency code—effectively ending his athletic career. He was also stripped of all of his achievements after 1998, the Union Cycliste Internationale upheld USADAs decision and decided that his stripped wins would not be allocated to other riders. Armstrong chose not to appeal the decision to the Court of Arbitration for Sport, in a 2013 interview, Armstrong confessed that some of the allegations were true. He has declined to testify about the extent of his use of the drugs. His great-grandfather was the son of Norwegian immigrants and he was named after Lance Rentzel, a Dallas Cowboys wide receiver. His parents divorced in 1973 when Lance was two, the next year, his mother married Terry Keith Armstrong, a wholesale salesman, who adopted Lance that year. At the age of 12, Armstrong started his career as a swimmer at the City of Plano Swim Club and finished fourth in Texas state 1. He stopped swimming-only races after seeing a poster for a triathlon, called the Iron Kids Triathlon. Armstrongs total points in 1987 as an amateur were better than those of five professionals ranked higher than he was that year, at 16, Lance Armstrong became a professional triathlete and became national sprint-course triathlon champion in 1989 and 1990 at 18 and 19, respectively. In 1992 Armstrong turned professional with the Motorola Cycling Team, the successor of 7-Eleven team, in 1993, Armstrong won 10 one-day events and stage races, but his breakthrough victory was the World Road Race Championship held in Norway. Before his World Championships win, he took his first win at the Tour de France and he was 97th in the general classification when he retired after stage 12
3. Usain Bolt – Usain St Leo Bolt, OJ, CD is a Jamaican sprinter. He is the first person to both the 100 metres and 200 metres world records since fully automatic time became mandatory. He also holds the record as a part of the 4 ×100 metres relay. He is the world and Olympic champion in these three events. Due to his dominance and achievements in sprint competition, he is widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He gained worldwide popularity for his double sprint victory at the 2008 Beijing Olympics in world record times, Bolt is the only sprinter to win Olympic 100 m and 200 m titles at three consecutive olympics, a feat referred to as the triple double. An eleven-time World Champion, he won consecutive World Championship 100 m,200 m and 4 ×100 metres relay medals from 2009 to 2015. He is the most successful athlete of the World Championships and was the first athlete to win three titles in both the 100 m and 200 m at the competition. Bolt improved upon his first 100 m world record of 9.69 with 9.58 seconds in 2009 – the biggest improvement since the start of electronic timing. He has twice broken the 200 metres world record, setting 19.30 in 2008 and 19.19 in 2009 and he has helped Jamaica to three 4 ×100 metres relay world records, with the current record being 36.84 seconds set in 2012. Bolts most successful event is the 200 m, with three Olympic and four World titles, the 2008 Olympics was his international debut over 100 m, he had earlier won numerous 200 m medals and holds the world under-20 and world under-18 records for the event. Bolt has stated that he intends to retire from athletics after the 2017 World Championships. Bolt was born on 21 August 1986 in Sherwood Content, a town in Trelawny, Jamaica, and grew up with parents Wellesley and Jennifer Bolt, his brother Sadiki. As a child, Bolt attended Waldensia Primary, where he first began to show his sprinting potential, by the age of twelve, Bolt had become the schools fastest runner over the 100 metres distance. Upon his entry to William Knibb Memorial High School, Bolt continued to focus on other sports, pablo McNeil, a former Olympic sprint athlete, and Dwayne Jarrett coached Bolt, encouraging him to focus his energy on improving his athletic abilities. The school had a history of success in athletics with past students, Bolt won his first annual high school championships medal in 2001, taking the silver medal in the 200 metres with a time of 22.04 seconds. Performing for Jamaica in his first Caribbean regional event, Bolt clocked a personal best of 48.28 s in the 400 metres in the 2001 CARIFTA Games, the 200 m also yielded a silver, as Bolt finished in 21.81 s. He made his first appearance on the stage at the 2001 IAAF World Youth Championships in Debrecen
4. Ludger Beerbaum – Ludger Beerbaum is an internationally successful German equestrian who competes in show jumping and has been ranked the No.1 Show Jumper in the world by the FEI on multiple occasions. He is also a four-time Olympic Gold medalist team and individual, Beerbaum was born in Detmold, Germany. In school, he took Business Studies, but eventually gave it up for a career in show jumping, Beerbaum began riding on a Highland Pony at the age of 8. He had a successful career as a young Rider which continued into his adulthood. His most notable accomplishments include winning 4 Olympic Golds and numerous European, on Sunday 21 September 2008, at the Samsung Super League Final in Barcelona, Beerbaum was a member of the winning German Nations Cup team. He was awarded Leading Rider of the 2008 Super League, along with 50,000 CHF. In the Final, he rode the nine-year-old Westphalian gelding, All Inclusive NRW to a clear round. Ludger Beerbaum is the oldest of 4 children, his siblings being Ruth, Monika and he is married to Arundell Davison, with whom he has two daughters. From his previous marriage, he has a son and he is also brother-in-law to Meredith Michaels-Beerbaum. However, following the competition, Goldfever tested positive for the prohibited substance betamethasone, the International Equestrian Federation found Beerbaum guilty of breaking the rules, stripping both him and his German team of their medals, dropping Germany down to bronze. Beerbaum believed the substance to have present in an ointment administered to the horse due to a skin irritation. However, in accordance with the rule, Beerbaum was disqualified, germany’s team gold medal was then given to the Americans and the silver to the Swedish show jumping team. The Germans, however, were able to take the bronze medal. Team gold medal -1988 Olympic Games Seoul,17.25 penalties Individual gold medal -1992 Olympic Games Barcelona,0 penalties Team gold medal -1996 Olympic Games Atlanta,1, horse doping scandal puts Germanys equestrian team in tatters Official website
5. Justin Gatlin – Justin Gatlin is an American sprinter and former Olympic and world champion. His 100m personal best of 9.74 seconds ranks fifth on the all-time list and he is a two-time indoor world champion in the 60-meter dash, and won both the 100 meters and 200 meters at the 2005 World Championships. In 2001, Gatlin incurred a two-year ban from athletics for testing positive for a banned substance, the ban was later reduced to one year on appeal. In 2006, he incurred a four-year ban from track and field for testing positive for a banned substance, Gatlin began competing again in August 2010, soon after his eligibility was reinstated. In June 2012 at the US Olympic trials, Gatlin ran a time of 9. 80s, Gatlin won the gold medal in the 100 m at the 2004 Olympics. After not competing in the 2008 Olympics due to suspension, he ran a time of 9. 79s in the 100 m final at the London 2012 Olympics, earning a bronze medal. His performance at the 2012 Olympic 100 meter final contributed to the fastest 100m race ever and he won his third Olympic medal in the 100 meters in the 2016 Olympic 100 meter final, finishing with the silver. At 34, he became the oldest man to win an Olympic medal in a sprint event. Gatlin attended Woodham High School in Pensacola, Florida, Gatlin was awarded a scholarship to the University of Tennessee. In the fall of 2000, Gatlin arrived at University of Tennessee, Knoxville, during high school, Gatlin was recruited for track by coaches Vince Anderson and Bill Webb who quickly realized his potential and turned him into a sprinter. After training and competing in Tennessees program for two years under the guidance of former assistant Vince Anderson, Gatlin won six consecutive NCAA titles, in the fall of 2002, Gatlin left Tennessee after his sophomore season to join the professional ranks. Just two years later, he won the medal in the 100m at the 2004 Summer Olympics, narrowly beating Francis Obikwelu of Portugal. He also won a medal in an American sweep of the 200m race. In the 2005 World Athletics Championships in Helsinki, he triumphed over 2003 champion Kim Collins. On August 7,2005, Gatlin clocked a 100m time of 9.88 seconds to win the World Championship in Helsinki, Gatlin also won the 200m in Helsinki, becoming the second person in athletics history to win both sprint distances during a single World Championship. In the 200m event, American athletes earned the top four places, on May 12,2006, Gatlin, running in the final of the IAAF Super Tour meeting in Doha, Qatar, equalled the 100m world record of 9. 77s, though this was later annulled. It had originally reported that he had beaten the record. However, the IAAF revealed on May 16 that his time had been 9.766 seconds, shortly thereafter, with the track and field community itching for a Gatlin-Powell showdown, the two both appeared at the Prefontaine Classic in Oregon
6. Tyler Hamilton – Tyler Hamilton is an American former professional road bicycle racer. He is the only American rider to win one of the Five Monuments of Cycling, Hamilton became a professional cyclist in 1995 with the US Postal Service cycling team. He was a teammate of Lance Armstrong during the 1999,2000 and 2001 Tours de France and he was a key asset for Armstrong, being a very good climber as well as time-trialist. Hamilton appeared at the 2000 and 2004 Summer Olympics, in 2004, he won a gold medal at the individual time trial. The first doping test after his Olympic victory gave a positive result, after he failed further doping tests at the 2004 Vuelta a España, Hamilton was suspended for two years from the sport. Hamilton came back after his suspension and became national road champion in 2008. In 2009, Hamilton failed a doping test again, and was banned for eight years, in July 2010, he was subpoenaed to appear before a grand jury for the use of performance-enhancing drugs in cycling. In May 2011, Hamilton admitted that he had used banned substances in competition, on August 10,2012 the International Olympic Committee stripped Hamilton of his 2004 gold medal. Hamilton attended Holderness School in Plymouth, New Hampshire, where he started cycling. He turned pro in 1995 for the Montgomery Bell Cycling team which became the U. S. Postal Service cycling team. Hamilton protected Lance Armstrong in the mountains, and was on Armstrongs first three Tour de France winning Postal squads and quickly grew to stardom, Hamilton acted as a scout in individual time trials, riding as hard as possible to provide time-split comparisons for Armstrong. During this time he won the 1999 Danmark Rundt and the 2000 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré, in 2001, Hamilton left U. S. Postal for Team CSC. He was made a leader under manager Bjarne Riis, Hamilton fractured a shoulder in a crash in the 2002 Giro dItalia but still managed to win stage 14 and finish second overall, under 2 minutes behind race winner Paolo Savoldelli. Later that year, he participated in the 2002 Tour de France, riding in support of Carlos Sastre, in 2003, Hamilton became the first American rider to win Liège–Bastogne–Liège, breaking away from a select group of riders around four kilometers from the line in wet conditions. He later won the Tour de Romandie that year, as he prepared to race the Tour de France, in the 2003 Tour de France he broke his collarbone on the first stage in a pile-up. Instead of withdrawing from the race, he stayed to finish the tour, later, he rode one of the Tours most memorable feats, winning stage 16 with a 142 km solo breakaway, gaining two minutes over the field. For his stage win, Hamilton was awarded the Coeur de Lion prize and he finished the 2003 Tour de France 4th overall and returned home nationally recognized. In 2004, Hamilton left Team CSC and joined the Phonak Hearing Systems and he assembled a team of good, well-known riders and preapared for racing in the upcoming Tour de France, winning the 2004 Tour of Romandie for the second year in a row
7. Michael Frater – Michael Frater O. D is a Jamaican sprinter who specialises in the 100 metres event. He won a medal at the 2005 World Championships and a gold medal at the 2003 Pan American Games for the event. He has also been successful as part of the Jamaican 4 ×100 metres relay team, setting the world record and he also won gold in the relay at the 2006 Commonwealth Games and took silver in the 2002 edition. Born on 6 October 1982, in Manchester, Jamaica, Michael Frater is the younger of two sons of Lyndell Frater, member of Jamaican Parliament, and Monica Frater and he attended the Ulster Spring primary school with brothers Lindel and Ricardo. His elder brother Lindel, was a sprinter who represented Jamaica at the 2000 Olympic Games, Frater stated that his brother was a major influence on his decision to become a track athlete. Frater attended Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texas and he is a member of the MVP Track & Field Club based at the University of Technology, Kingston, and is coached by Stephen Francis. Representing Wolmers Boys School, Frater set two records at the Inter-Secondary School Sports Association National Boys & Girls Athletic Championship held at the National Stadium, Kingston. On 22 March, he won the Class 3100 metres in 11.10, Frater won gold at the CARIFTA Games, winning the Under-17100 m in 11.07. Frater won a medal at the CARIFTA Games. Competing in the Under-17100 m he recorded 10.85 into a −0.7 m/s headwind and he also won a silver medal in the 4 ×100 m relay event. On 9 July Frater won a medal in the 4 x 100 metres relay at the Pan American Junior Championships. He ran the second leg for Jamaica, who finished in 40.27 behind the United States team, eight days later Frater won a gold medal at the World Youth Championships. He ran the second leg on the 4 ×100 m relay, Frater finished second in the 100 m with 10.50 at the Jamaica National Junior Championships on 30 June. In October, Frater finished fifth in the 100 m at the IAAF World Junior Championships in a personal best 10.46, Frater won the 100 m at the Conference USA Outdoor Championships in 10.07. Although wind aided +2.1 m/s the time is credited as a meet record, in the preliminaries of the 200 m Frater ran a personal best 20.63. He won the 200 m at the event, in 20.45 Again wind assisted. Frater collected his third win of the meet when TCU won the 4 ×100 m relay in 39.17, on 1 June Frater finished fourth in the 100 m at the NCAA Division I Outdoor Championships, running 10.40 in a −2.7 headwind. In July at the Commonwealth Games in Manchester Frater finished seventh in semi-final 1 of the 100 m event
8. Yarelys Barrios – Yarelys Barrios Castañeda is a female discus thrower from Cuba. She won the Diamond Race in the discus throw of the IAAF Diamond League both in 2010 and in 2011. She won the 2012 Cuban National Championships with a personal best throw of 68.03 metres, Barrios sold her Olympic silver medal on auction site, eBay, for unknown reasons, and it was bought for $11,000. Barrios originally finished 4th in the 2012 Summer Olympics, but she moved up a position after Darya Pishchalnikova was disqualified for testing positive for the anabolic steroid oxandrolone, yarelys Barrios profile at IAAF sports-reference Tilastopaja biography Ecured biography
9. Lyudmyla Blonska – Lyudmyla Leonidivna Blonska, née Shevchuk, sometimes known as Lyudmila Blonskaya, is a former Ukrainian heptathlete, long jumper and 2006 World Indoor champion pentathlete. She was given a ban from competition after failing a drug test at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Blonska was born as Lyudmyla Leonidivna Shevchuk on 9 November 1977 in Simferopol, Crimea, in 2000, she graduated from the Kharkiv Institute as a trainer and teacher of physical culture. She then moved to Brovary with fellow athlete Serhiy Blonskyy, whom she married and they have two children – Iryna and Oleksandr. Blonska practiced rhythmic gymnastics from age five to ten and she then switched to basketball and later judo and cycle racing. At age 14 she was introduced to athletics by a local coach, in 1993, Blonska participated in the Ukrainian Youth Championships in Odessa, entering the heptathlon competition for the first time. She recalls crying out of fear before the 800m event, in 1995, after finishing school, Blonska moved to the capital, Kiev, to begin training as member of the Ukrainian youth team. Five months later she received an invitation to study at the Institute of Sports and she found herself without a trainer and had to coach herself for a year and a half, while working at night to make ends meet. In 1998, Blonska achieved 3rd place in the championships with 5554 points and, in 1999. In May 2002, a year becoming a mother, Blonska won the National Championship with a PB of 6039. There she finished thirteenth and soon tested positive for steroids. She has said she was willing to appeal the IAAFs decision and she served a two-year ban, before returning to the sport. Blonska generally performed better after her ban than before it was imposed and she won the gold medal at the 2005 Universiade and finished fifth at the 2006 European Championships. She won the medal at the 2006 World Indoor Championships in the pentathlon. Blonskas personal best heptathlon score is 6832 points, a Ukrainian record, just prior to the Beijing Olympics, she finished eighth in pentathlon at the World Indoor Championships. At the 2008 Olympics, Blonska won silver in the womens heptathlon and she had qualified for the long jump final, but the International Olympic Committee decided to expel her from the Games completely. As this was her second doping offence she was given a ban from competitive athletics. Her husband was also banned for life, doping at the Olympic Games List of doping cases in athletics Lyudmyla Blonska profile at IAAF
10. Tatyana Chernova – Tatyana Sergeyevna Chernova is a Russian heptathlete. She was the bronze medalist at the 2008 Summer Olympics and originally was awarded the medal at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics before being disqualified for doping. Standing 1.89 m tall, she was considered an all-round strong heptathlete performer, with strengths in the javelin throw. Chernova showed her promise in combined events at an age and won gold medals at the 2005 World Youth Championships in Athletics. In 2007 she scored a total of 6768 points – the highest score ever reached by a junior, on her senior global debut at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics she failed to finish the competition. She rebounded the following year at the 2008 IAAF World Indoor Championships, later that summer she won the Hypo-Meeting in a personal best score of 6618 points and managed a performance of 6591 points at the 2008 Summer Olympics. She originally finished fourth, but following the disqualification of Lyudmyla Blonska for doping and she failed to build upon this in 2009 and ended the year with a seasons best of 6386 points, having come eighth at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics. At the start of the 2010 season, she originally was awarded the medal in the pentathlon at the 2010 IAAF World Indoor Championships, finishing behind Jessica Ennis. Chernova represented Russia at the 2010 European Athletics Championships and finished fourth in the heptathlon with 6512 points and she was the winner of the 2010 Décastar event, recording a total 6453 points, and this moved her into first place in the IAAF Combined Events Challenge rankings. Chernova began the 2011 season with a significant personal best of 6773 points at the TNT-Fortuna Meeting and this was a meeting record and represented an improvement of more than 150 points over her previous best. She had run a personal best in the 100 metres hurdles, prior to the 2011 World Championships in Athletics, it was reigning champion Jessica Ennis who was ranked number one that year, followed by Chernova. At the championships in Daegu, she equalled her bests in the 200 metres and the 100 m hurdles, on the final day, a strong performance in the javelin throw saw Chernova overhaul and establish a significant lead over second placed Ennis. She finished third in the 800 metres final, but still maintained her lead, Chernova won the Decastar Meeting a month later to take a consecutive series win on the IAAF Challenge circuit, having amassed 20,332 points over three competitions. After retesting of samples from the 2009 IAAF World Championships Chernova was found to have been doping and her results from 15 August 2009 to 14 August 2011 were annulled and she was suspended for two years from 22 July 2013