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Binary code
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A binary code represents text, computer processor instructions, or other data using any two-symbol system, but often the binary number systems 0 and 1. The binary code assigns a pattern of digits to each character, instruction. For example, a string of eight bits can represent any of 256 possible values. In computing and telecommunications, binary codes are used for methods of encoding data, such as character strings. Those methods may use fixed-width or variable-width strings, there are many character sets and many character encodings for them. A bit string, interpreted as a number, can be translated into a decimal number. For example, the case a, if represented by the bit string 01100001. The modern binary system, the basis for binary code, was invented by Gottfried Leibniz in 1679. Leibnizs system uses 0 and 1, like the modern binary numeral system, Leibniz saw the hexagrams as an affirmation of the universality of his own religious beliefs. Binary numerals were central to Leibnizs theology and he believed that binary numbers were symbolic of the Christian idea of creatio ex nihilo or creation out of nothing. Leibniz was trying to find a system that converts logic’s verbal statements into a mathematical one. After his ideas were ignored, he came across a classic Chinese text called I Ching or ‘Book of Changes’, the book had confirmed his theory that life could be simplified or reduced down to a series of straightforward propositions. He created a system consisting of rows of zeros and ones, during this time period, Leibniz had not yet found a use for this system. Binary systems predating Leibniz also existed in the ancient world, the aforementioned I Ching that Leibniz encountered dates from the 9th century BC in China. The binary system of the I Ching, a text for divination, is based on the duality of yin, slit drums with binary tones are used to encode messages across Africa and Asia. The Indian scholar Pingala developed a system for describing prosody in his Chandashutram. The residents of the island of Mangareva in French Polynesia were using a hybrid binary-decimal system before 1450, the ordering is also the lexicographical order on sextuples of elements chosen from a two-element set. Boole’s system was based on binary, a yes-no, on-off approach that consisted of the three most basic operations, AND, OR, and NOT. Shannon wrote his thesis in 1937, which implemented his findings