Independence is a census-designated place in Inyo County, California. Independence is located 41 miles south-southeast of Bishop, at an elevation of 3930 feet and it is the county seat of Inyo County, California. The population of this place was 669 at the 2010 census. The tiny village of Independence is bisected by U. S. Route 395, the Sierra Nevada mountains to the west lie within the John Muir Wilderness Area. Onion Valley, one of the entry routes to the John Muir Wilderness, is accessed via the Onion Valley road which heads directly west out of Independence. The highest pass along the trail,13,153 foot Forester Pass, is directly west of Independence. According to the United States Census Bureau, Independence covers an area of 4.9 square miles, the elevation of Independence is 3,925 feet above sea level. Independence, as well as most of the Owens Valley, has a desert climate with hot summers. January temperatures range from a high of 54.0 °F to an average low of 27.4 °F. July temperatures range from a high of 97.6 °F to an average low of 63.9 °F.
The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F on July 7,1989, the lowest recorded temperature was −5 °F on January 9,1937. There are an average of 97.7 days annually with highs of 90 °F or higher, annual precipitation averages only 5.82 inches. The most precipitation in one month was 23.90 inches in February 1904, the most precipitation in 24 hours was 5.72 inches on December 6,1966. Snowfall varies greatly from year to year, averaging only 5.2 inches, the most snow in one month was 112.0 inches in February 1904. Charles Putnam founded a trading post at the site in 1861 and it became known as Putnams, and Little Pine from the Little Pine Creek. Independence began as the US Army Camp Independence established by Lieutenant Colonel George S. Evans on July 4,1862, col. Evans established the camp at the request of local settlers who feared Indian hostilities. The camp was closed, but was re-established as Fort Independence when hostilities resumed in 1865. The fort was abandoned in 1877, and it is currently a reservation for the Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians
Fairfield is a city in, and the county seat of, Solano County, United States. It is located in the North-eastern part of the Bay Area, Fairfield was founded in 1856 by clippership captain Robert H. Waterman, and named after his former hometown of Fairfield, Connecticut. It is the home of Travis Air Force Base and the headquarters of Jelly Belly, with a population of 108,321 at the 2010 census, it is slightly smaller in population than Vallejo. Other nearby cities include Suisun City, Rio Vista and Napa. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 37.6 square miles. The total area is 5. 65% water, the city is located within the California Coastal Ranges. The city is centered directly north of the Suisun Bay and northeast of the San Pablo Bay, much of the Suisun Bay contains the Suisun Marsh, the largest saltwater marsh on the west coast of the United States. According to the City of Fairfield website, Native Americans, such as those from the Ion culture, settled in the Rockville, the first European contact came in 1810 when the Spanish army was ordered to attack the Suisun Indians.
In 1835 the Mexican General Vallejo was so magnanimous in victory over the Indian Chief Sem Yeto that the became his ally in conflicts against other tribes. In 1837 the Indian Chief Solano received the Rancho Suisun Mexican land grant and this grant eventually came into the hands of a clipper ship captain from Fairfield, Connecticut named Robert H. Waterman. He not only parceled out the town in 1856, but also, in a shrewd move, entered Fairfield in the race for Solano County seat in 1858. As an inducement he granted 16 acres of land for the construction of county buildings, in 1903 Fairfield was incorporated as a city. The 2010 United States Census reported that Fairfield had a population of 105,321, the population density was 2,798.5 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Fairfield was 48,407 White,16,586 African American,869 Native American,15,700 Asian,1,149 Pacific Islander,13,301 from other races, and 9,309 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28,789 persons,21.
2% of Fairfield is Mexican,1. 1% Puerto Rican,1. 0% Salvadoran,0. 5% Nicaraguan,0. 3% Guatemalan,0. 2% Cuban, and 0. 2% Peruvian. The Census reported that 102,832 people lived in households,1,221 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, there were 2,052 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 237 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,802 households were made up of individuals and 2,500 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.98. There were 25,843 families, the family size was 3.42
Hollister is a city in and the county seat of San Benito County, United States. The population was 34,928 at the 2010 census, Hollister is primarily an agricultural town. The Mutsun Ohlone Indians were the first known inhabitants of the Hollister region, the town, located in Monterey County, was founded November 19,1868 when the San Justo Homestead Association purchased the property from William Welles Hollister. Undecided about a name for the new town, a member, Napa vintner Henry Hagen, was tired of Saint and Spanish names in nearby towns. The City was incorporated on August 29,1872, the western portion of San Benito County, including Hollister, was separated from Monterey County in 1874. The county was expanded eastward in 1887 to include portions taken from Merced, Hollister is well-known among geologists because it portrays one of the best examples of aseismic creep anywhere in the world. The Calaveras Fault bisects the city north and south, roughly along Locust Ave. the streets running east/west across the fault have significant visible offsets.
The fault runs directly under several houses, even though they are visibly contorted the houses are still habitable as the owners have reinforced them to withstand the dislocation of their foundations. Hollister is one of at least three California towns to claim the title of Earthquake Capital of the World the other two being Coalinga and Parkfield. Hollister has a mediterranean climate that has warmer summers than the Monterey–Salinas area. Despite this, daytime temperatures of 80 °F or warmer are commonplace between June and October, but hot extremes can be more severe. As of the census of 2000, there were 34,413 people,9,716 households, the population density was 5,237.7 people per square mile. There were 9,924 housing units at a density of 1,510.5 per square mile. 65. 7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,12. 7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4. 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.52 and the family size was 3.82.
In the city, the population was out with 34. 6% under the age of 18,9. 5% from 18 to 24,33. 8% from 25 to 44,15. 8% from 45 to 64. The median age was 29 years, for every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males, the median income for a household in the city was $56,104, and the median income for a family was $57,494
Bridgeport is a census-designated place in and the county seat of Mono County, United States. It lies at an elevation of 6463 feet in the middle of the Bridgeport Valley, Bridgeport is located at the intersection of U. S. Route 395 and State Route 182. The population was 575 at the 2010 census, the first post office at Bridgeport opened in 1864. The ZIP code is 93517, and the community is in area codes 442 and 760, according to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 21.7 sq mi,99. 96% of it land, and 0. 04% of it water. The US Marine Corps Mountain Warfare Training Center is located approximately 20 miles west of Bridgeport on State Route 108, the 2010 United States Census reported that Bridgeport had a population of 575. The population density was 26.4 people per square mile, the racial makeup of Bridgeport was 484 White,1 African American,43 Native American,1 Asian,0 Pacific Islander,25 from other races, and 21 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 148 persons, the Census reported that 559 people lived in households,0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 16 were institutionalized.
There were 12 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 same-sex married couples or partnerships,88 households were made up of individuals and 26 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18, there were 155 families, the average family size was 2.83. The median age was 45.5 years, for every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.5 males, there were 357 housing units at an average density of 16.4 per square mile, of which 160 were owner-occupied, and 97 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5. 3%, the vacancy rate was 19. 0%. 341 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 218 people lived in housing units. Formerly known as Big Meadows, Bridgeport is annually visited by thousands of tourists, many of whom come to the area for its trout streams. The Bridgeport Fish Enhancement Program sponsors fishing tournaments twice per season, Bridgeport occasionally plays host to the annual E Clampus Vitus celebration.
Bridgeport has some of the finest backcountry winter recreation in the world, huge numbers of backcountry bowls can be used for telemarking and XC Downhilling. Bridgeport is notable for its proximity to the well-preserved ghost town of Bodie, the Mono County Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Bridgeport experiences a continental climate and featuring cold, relatively snowy winters and dry summers with very warm days
Eureka is the principal city and county seat of Humboldt County in the Redwood Empire region of California. The city is located on U. S. Route 101 on the shores of Humboldt Bay,270 miles north of San Francisco and 100 miles south of the Oregon border. At the 2010 census, the population of the city was 27,191, Eureka is the largest coastal city between San Francisco and Portland, and the westernmost city of more than 25,000 residents in the 48 contiguous states. It is the center for government, health care, trade. Greater Eureka, one of Californias major commercial fishing ports, is the location of the largest deep-water port between San Francisco and Coos Bay, a stretch of about 500 miles. The headquarters of both the Six Rivers National Forest and the North Coast Redwoods District of the California State Parks System are in Eureka. As entrepôt for hundreds of mills that once existed in the area. Eureka is home to Californias oldest zoo, the Sequoia Park Zoo, Eurekas Pacific coastal location on Humboldt Bay, adjacent to abundant redwood forests, provided the reason for settlement of this 19th-century seaport town.
Before the arrival of Euro-American settlers, including farmers, miners and loggers, the Wiyot people lived in Jaroujiji, now known as Eureka, for thousands of years prior to European arrival. They are the farthest-southwest people whose language has Algonquian roots and their traditional coastal homeland ranged from the lower Mad River through Humboldt Bay and south along the lower basin of the Eel River. The Wiyot are particularly known for their basketry and fishery management, an extensive collection of intricate basketry of the areas indigenous groups exists in the Clarke Historical Museum in Old Town Eureka. As of 2013, Eureka High School has the largest Yurok language program in California, the timing of this discovery would lead to the May 13,1850 founding of the settlement of Eureka on its shore by the Union and Mendocino Exploring companies. Eureka received its name from a Greek word meaning I have found it and this exuberant statement of successful gold rush miners is the official Motto of the State of California.
Eureka is the only U. S. location to use the seal as the state for its seal. In the United States, California is the largest of about a dozen towns, the first Europeans venturing into Humboldt Bay encountered the indigenous Wiyot. Records of early forays into the bay in 1806 reported that the violence of the indigenous people made it nearly impossible for landing parties to survey the area. After 1850, Europeans ultimately overwhelmed the Wiyot, whose maximum population before the Europeans was in the hundreds in the area of what would become the primary city. The 1860 Wiyot Massacre took place on Indian Island in the spring of 1860, committed by a group of locals, thought to be primarily Eureka businessmen
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Auburn is the county seat of Placer County, California. Its population was 13,330 during the 2010 census, Auburn is known for its California Gold Rush history, and is registered as a California Historical Landmark. Auburn is part of Greater Sacramento and is home to the Auburn State Recreation Area, the park is the site of more sporting endurance events than any other place in the world, giving Auburn the undisputed and internationally acclaimed title of Endurance Capital of the World. Archaeological finds place the border for the prehistoric Martis people in the Auburn area. The indigenous Nisenan, an offshoot of the Maidu, were the first to establish a permanent settlement in the Auburn area, in the spring of 1848, a group of French gold miners arrived and camped in what would be known as the Auburn Ravine. This group was on its way to the fields in Coloma, and it included Francois Gendron, Philibert Courteau. The young Chana discovered gold on May 16,1848, after finding the gold deposits in the soil, the trio decided to stay for more prospecting and mining.
Placer mining in the Auburn area was good, with the camp first becoming known as the North Fork Dry Diggings. This name was changed to the Woods Dry Diggings, after John S. Wood settled down, built a cabin, the area soon developed into a mining camp, and it was officially named Auburn in August 1849. By 1850, the population had grown to about 1,500 people. Gold mining operations moved up the ravine to the site of present-day Auburn, in 1865, the Central Pacific Railroad, the western leg of the First Transcontinental Railroad, reached Auburn, as it was being built east from Sacramento toward Ogden, Utah. The restored Old Town has houses and retail buildings from the middle of the 19th century, the oldest fire station and the Post Office date from the Gold Rush years. Casual gold-mining accessories, as well as American Indian and Chinese artifacts, Auburn was the home and birthplace of noted science fiction and fantasy poet and writer Clark Ashton Smith. A memorial to him is located near Old Town, Auburn is home to Placer High School, which is one of the oldest high schools in California.
Local dentist Kenneth H. Foxs colossal sculptures are located throughout the town, the statues chronicle Auburns history, such as a middle-aged Claud Chana gold panning in the nearby American River, and a Chinese coolie worker building the Transcontinental Railroad. Auburn is located at 38°53′55″N 121°04′28″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.2 square miles, of which 0.03 square miles, or 0. 38%, is water. Auburn is situated in the Northern California foothills of the Sierra Nevada range, approximately 800 vertical feet above the confluence of the North Fork and it is located between Sacramento and Reno, Nevada along Interstate 80. Mountainous wilderness canyons and the slope of the Sierra Nevada lie adjacent eastward
Hanford is an important commercial and cultural center in the south central San Joaquin Valley and is the county seat of Kings County, California. It is the city of the Hanford-Corcoran metropolitan area, which encompasses all of Kings County, including the cities of Hanford. The city of Hanford is surrounded by communities that do not fall within the city limits and these communities include Grangeville and Home Garden. The population was 53,967 at the 2010 census, the California Department of Finance estimated that the citys population was 55,840 as of January 1,2016. Hanford is located at 36°19′39″N 119°38′44″W and it is situated in the south central portion of Californias San Joaquin Valley,28 miles south-southeast of the city of Fresno and 18 miles west of the city of Visalia. The city is 249 feet above sea level and has a flat terrain, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.6 square miles, none of which is covered by water. The only natural watercourse is Mussel Slough, remnants of which still exist on the western edge.
The Kings River is about 6.5 miles north of Hanford, the Peoples Ditch, an irrigation canal dug in the 1870s, traverses Hanford from north to south. Hanford has a typical of that of the San Joaquin Valley floor with hot, dry summers. The wetter season occurs from November through March, the average annual rainfall over the ten years from 1997/98 through 2006/07 was 8.97 inches. The 30-year normal precipitation is 8.29 inches, -On average, the warmest month is July with a high of 97. 9F and a low of 62. 4F. -The highest recorded temperature was 116 °F on July 27,1933, -On average, the coolest month is December with a high of 55. 4F and a low of 34. 6F. -The lowest recorded temperature was 14 °F on January 6,1913, -There are an average of 105.2 days with highs of 90F or higher. -There are an average of 38.6 days with lows of 32F or lower, -The maximum normal precipitation occurs in January with 1.59 inches. -The wettest year was 1983 with 15.57 inches, -The driest year was 1953 with 3.37 inches.
-The most rainfall in one month was 6.69 inches in January 1969, -The most rainfall in 24 hours was 2.44 inches on February 10,1978. -The record snowfall was 2.0 inches on January 21,1962, the National Weather Service Forecast Office for the San Joaquin Valley is located in Hanford and includes a Doppler weather radar. Weather forecasts and climatological information for Hanford and the area are available from its official website
Fresno (/ˈfrɛznoʊ/ FREZ-no is a city in California, United States, and the county seat of Fresno County. It covers about 112 square miles in the center of the San Joaquin Valley, named for the abundant ash trees lining the San Joaquin River, Fresno was founded in 1872 as a railway station of the Central Pacific Railroad before it was incorporated in 1885. The population of Fresno proper soared in the half of the 20th century. It was here in Fresno in 1958 that Bank of America first launched the BankAmericard credit card, Fresno is near the geographical center of California. It lies approximately 220 miles northeast of Los Angeles,170 miles south of the capital, Sacramento. Yosemite National Park is about 60 miles to the north, Kings Canyon National Park is 60 miles to the east, the county of Fresno was formed in 1856 after the California Gold Rush. It was named for the abundant ash trees lining the San Joaquin River, Millerton, on the banks of the free-flowing San Joaquin River and close to Fort Miller, became the county seat after becoming a focal point for settlers.
Other early county settlements included Firebaughs Ferry and Elkhorn Springs, the San Joaquin River flooded on December 24,1867, inundating Millerton. Flooding destroyed the town of Scottsburg on the nearby Kings River that winter, rebuilt on higher ground, Scottsburg was renamed Centerville. In 1867, Anthony McQeen Easterby purchased land bounded by the present Chestnut, Belmont and California avenues, unable to grow wheat for lack of water, he hired sheep man Moses J. Church in 1871 to create an irrigation system. Building new canals and purchasing existing ditches, Church formed the Fresno Canal and Irrigation Company, in 1872, the Central Pacific Railroad established a station near Easterbys—by now a hugely productive wheat farm—for its new Southern Pacific line. Soon there was a store around the station and the store grew the town of Fresno Station, many Millerton residents, drawn by the convenience of the railroad and worried about flooding, moved to the new community. Fresno became a city in 1885.
By 1931 the Fresno Traction Company operated 47 streetcars over 49 miles of track, in 1877, William Helm made Fresno his home with a five-acre tract of land at the corner of Fresno and R streets. Helm was the largest individual sheep grower in Fresno County, in carrying his wool to market at Stockton, he used three wagons, each drawn by ten mules, and spent twelve days in making the round trip. Two years after the station was established, county residents voted to move the county seat from Millerton to Fresno, when the Friant Dam was completed in 1944, the site of Millerton became inundated by the waters of Millerton Lake. In extreme droughts, when the reservoir shrinks, ruins of the county seat can still be observed. In the nineteenth century, with so much wooden construction and in the absence of sophisticated firefighting resources, fires often ravaged American frontier towns, the greatest of Fresnos early-day fires, in 1882, destroyed an entire block of the city
El Centro, California
El Centro is the largest American city to lie entirely below sea level. The city, located in the far corner of California, is near the major Southern California city of San Diego. Founded in 1906, W. F. Holt and C. A. Barker purchased the land on which El Centro was eventually built for about $40 per acre and invested $100,000 in improvements. As one historian of valley life put it, in five months El Centro went from a barley field to a city. It is home to retail, transportation and agricultural industries, there are two international border crossings nearby for commercial and noncommercial vehicles. The citys population was 42,598 at the 2010 census, spanish explorer Melchor Díaz was one of the first Europeans to visit the area around El Centro and Imperial Valley in 1540. The explorer Juan Bautista de Anza explored the area in 1776, years later, after the Mexican-American War, the northern half of the valley was annexed by the U. S. while the southern half remained under Mexican rule. Small scale settlement in natural aquifer areas occurred in the early 19th century, originally part of San Diego County, the Imperial Valley was settled by farmers once water from the Colorado River was diverted via canals to irrigate the desert valley floor.
In 1906, the land on which El Centro was built was purchased by W. F. Holt, by 1907 Imperial County was incorporated into California and by much of the valley was successfully irrigated. Before the town began, the railroad had established a station, Barker, a friend of the landowner. The first post office in El Centro opened in 1905, the City of El Centro was incorporated on April 16,1908. By 1910, the population of the city had reached 1,610, one reason for this rapid growth was El Centros becoming the county seat of Imperial County. Population growth was slow, but accelerated in the 1930s, and again in the 1940s, by the mid-1940s, El Centro had become the second largest city in the Imperial Valley, with a population of about 11,000 people. El Centro had become the location of the Imperial Irrigation District administrative offices, Imperial Valley Mall opened on the southeast side of the city in 2005. The nearby Algodones Dunes, the largest dune field in the US, draws thousands of visitors each year, the Salton Sea lies 30 miles north of El Centro, but water sport enthusiasts head to the Colorado River,50 miles to the east near Yuma, Arizona.
The El Centro Naval Air Facility 10 miles to the west is home to the annual Blue Angels flight maneuvering event, stark Field is home of a minor league baseball team El Centro Imperials of the Arizona Summer League. Mexico is 10 miles away, which offers big city amenities like museums, a zoo, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.1 square miles, of which over 99% is land. El Centro is located in the Imperial Valley, the city is 50 feet below sea level and the largest city in the United States below sea level
Alturas is a city in and the county seat of Modoc County, United States. The population was 2,827 at the 2010 census, Alturas is located on the Pit River, east of the center of Modoc County, at an elevation of 4370 feet. As the county seat, the town is a home to government offices, including a California Highway Patrol office. Alturas now occupies what was initially an Achumawi village known as Kosealekte or Kasalektawi, the city was initially known as Dorris Bridge, named after Pressley and James Dorris, who built a bridge across the Pit River at this location. The Dorris Bridge post office opened in 1871, renamed Dorrisville in 1874, and in 1876, was renamed Alturas, the census of 1880 showed a population of 148. However, settlement continued over the two decades, until the city was officially incorporated on September 16,1901, the countys only incorporated city. Because of its location, Dorrisville became the county seat when Modoc County formed in 1874. On January 10,1945, a bomb was shot down approximately 30 miles west of the town.
The tall Warner Mountains lie to the east, the wetlands and wild fields of South Fork Valley to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 2.4 square miles and 0. 57% of it is covered by water. The climate in Alturas is commonly thought of as being semi-arid, however, it has a dry-summer continental climate, or continental Mediterranean climate, using the 32 °F isotherm, like much of transmontane northern California. The average January temperatures are a high of 41.6 °F, the average July temperatures are a high of 88.2 °F and a low of 44.3 °F. There are an average of 36.2 days with highs of 90 °F or higher, the record high was 108 °F on July 8,2007, and the record low was −34 °F on December 9,1972. Freezing temperatures have occurred in every month of the year, cool nights are even on the hottest summer days. There are an average of 78 days with measurable precipitation, the wettest year was 1998 with 20.89 in and the driest year was 1976 with 6.54 in. The most precipitation in one month was 6.17 in in October 1962, snowfall averages 30.9 in per season.
The most snowfall in a season was 85.5 in in 1952, the 2010 United States Census reported that Alturas had a population of 2,827. The population density was 1,154.5 people per square mile
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in the United States, Romania, China, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, county towns have a similar function. In the United States, counties are the subdivisions of a state. Depending on the state, counties may provide services to the public, impose taxes. Some types of subdivisions, such as townships, may be incorporated or unincorporated. The city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county, a county seat is usually, but not always, an incorporated municipality. The exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, likewise, some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, in some of the colonial states, county seats include or formerly included Court House as part of their name.
Most counties have only one county seat, an example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats. The practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days when travel was difficult, there have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states, Coffee County, for example, the official county seat is Greensboro, but an additional courthouse has been located in nearby High Point since 1938. For example, Clearwater is the county seat of Pinellas County, Florida, in New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government. Historically, counties in this region have served mainly as dividing lines for the judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of government and thus no county seats, in Vermont and Maine the county seats are legally designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the shire town.
Bennington County has two towns, but the Sheriff is located in Bennington. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town governments. As such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county