Category:Critics of the United Nations
Pages in category "Critics of the United Nations"
The following 20 pages are in this category, out of 20 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 20 pages are in this category, out of 20 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Anti-Defamation League – The Anti-Defamation League is an international Jewish non-governmental organization based in the United States. Its ultimate purpose is to secure justice and fair treatment to all alike and to put an end forever to unjust and unfair discrimination against. The ADL has 29 offices in the United States and three offices in countries, with its headquarters located in New York City. Abraham Foxman had been the director since 1987. In November 2014, it was announced that Jonathan Greenblatt would succeed Foxman as national director in July 2015, the national chair is Barry Curtiss-Lusher. The Anti-Defamation League has drawn criticism and controversy over its priorities. Noam Chomsky accuses them of having lost entirely its focus on rights issues in order to become solely an advocate for Israeli policy. Journalist Mark Arax has criticized the failure to recognize the Armenian Genocide. The Washington Post has noted that the ADL has repeatedly accused Israeli policy critic Norman Finkelstein of being a Holocaust denier and that these charges have proved baseless. Its ultimate purpose is to secure justice and fair treatment to all alike and to put an end forever to unjust and unfair discrimination against. The Anti-Defamation League was founded by Bnai Brith as a response to attacks on Jews, the ADL publishes reports on a variety of countries, regarding alleged incidents of anti-Jewish attacks and propaganda. The ADL maintains that some forms of anti-Zionism and criticism of Israel cross the line into anti-Semitism, the Anti-Defamation League states, Criticism of particular Israeli actions or policies in and of itself does not constitute anti-Semitism. Certainly the sovereign State of Israel can be legitimately criticized just like any country in the world. However, it is undeniable that there are those whose criticism of Israel or of Zionism is used to mask anti-Semitism, the ADL gives out its Courage to Care Award to honor rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust era. In October 2010, the ADL condemned remarks by Haham Ovadia Yosef that the purpose of non-Jews was to serve the Jews. When the anti-Mormon film The God Makers was produced, Rhonda M, I sincerely hope that people of all faiths will similarly repudiate The Godmakers as defamatory and untrue, and recognize it for what it truly represents—a challenge to the religious liberty of all. One of the ADLs major focuses is religious freedom for people of all faiths. S, constitution guarantees the rights of Americans to believe the religious theories of creation but it does not permit them to be taught in public school science classes. The ADL opposed Proposition 8 and supported the Matthew Shepard Act, the ADL keeps track of the activities of various extremist groups and movements
2. Darrell Castle – Darrell Lane Castle is an American politician and attorney from Memphis, Tennessee. He was the Constitution Partys nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2008 presidential election, as the presidential nominee, Castle received 202,348 votes, and placed sixth nationwide. Castle grew up in Kingsport, Tennessee and he attended Ketron High School and East Tennessee State University, graduating in 1966 and 1970, respectively. At ETSU, he earned a B. S. degree, double-majoring in political science, Castle then became a commissioned officer in the U. S. Marine Corps, serving for four years and attaining the rank of first lieutenant. After his discharge, he returned to ETSU and began his study of history. He then attended the law school at Memphis State University and earned a J. D. in 1979, Castle has served as a deacon and deacon chairman in his local church. In 1998, he and his wife founded Mia’s Children Foundation, upon receiving his law degree in Memphis, Castle became an attorney. In 1984, he opened a firm which later grew into Darrell Castle. Since then, Castle has opened firms in Milwaukee, Detroit and his firms focus on consumer bankruptcy and personal injury, but also represent clients in the areas of social security, disability, and workers compensation. The party then nominated Castle to the ticket as its presidential candidate. Baldwin had been the Constitution Party nominee for Vice President in 2004 and he finished as runner-up to former United States Congressman Virgil Goode, who won the nomination on the first ballot. Castle is the former National Vice-Chairman of the Constitution Party, Castle was a candidate for the Constitution Partys 2016 presidential nomination, but withdrew his candidacy in January 2016 because of unspecified health concerns. However, on the eve of the 2016 nominating convention, Richard Winger of Ballot Access News reported that Castle had re-entered the nomination process, on April 16,2016, Castle secured the presidential nomination for the Constitution Party. He vowed, if elected, to get the United States out of the United Nations, if we can secure the borders of Korea and Germany, then we can secure the borders of the United States, said Castle. He made no reference to health concerns. Castles campaign received endorsements from Chuck Baldwin Glenn Beck and the Georgia Right to Life PAC, as of June 30,2016, Castle had raised $10,289. Castles campaign saw only limited inclusion in opinion polls, some state polls found a level of support between 1% and 3%. In an interview with Liberty Hangout, Castle has said he is more libertarian than 2016 Libertarian presidential nominee Gary Johnson and he describes himself as pro-life, and opposes federal funding of Planned Parenthood
3. Phyllis Chesler – Phyllis Chesler is an American writer, psychotherapist, and professor emerita of psychology and womens studies at the College of Staten Island. She is known as a feminist psychologist, and is the author of 16 books, including the best-seller Women and Madness. Chesler has written on such as gender, mental illness, divorce and child custody, surrogacy, second-wave feminism, pornography, prostitution, incest. In more recent years, Chesler has written works on such subjects as antisemitism, Islam. Chesler was the eldest of three raised in a working class Orthodox Jewish family in Brooklyn, New York. As a youth she joined the Socialist-Zionist, anti-religious youth movement, HaShomer Hatzair, despite her parents disapproval, she continued to rebel against her religious upbringing. She attended New Utrecht High School where she was the editor of the yearbook and she won a full scholarship to Bard College, where she met Ali, a Westernized Muslim man from Afghanistan, the son of devout Muslim parents. They married in a ceremony in 1961 in New York State and settled in Kabul, in the large. She credits this experience with inspiring her to become an ardent feminist, according to Chesler, her problems began on arrival in Afghanistan. The authorities forced her to surrender her U. S. passport, Chesler describes this as how foreign wives were treated. This phenomenon has been documented by others and she reports that the U. S. embassy refused to help her leave the country. After several months, she contracted hepatitis and became gravely ill, at that point, her father-in-law made it possible for her return to the U. S. on a temporary visa. Thereafter, in 1969, she earned a Ph. D. in psychology at the New School for Social Research and embarked on careers as a professor, author, Chesler divorced her Muslim husband and remarried an Israeli, whom she also later divorced. She describes their relationship, pregnancy, childbirth, and her first year as a mother in With Child. In the 1998 edition, her son wrote the Preface to the book, in 1969, she cofounded the Association for Women in Psychology. The book sold more than 3 million copies worldwide, the book received a front page New York Times review by Adrienne Rich, who described it as intense, rapid, brilliant, controversial. A pioneer contribution to the feminization of psychiatric thinking and practice, in 1997, she taught a course in Forensic Psychology at John Jay College. In 1997, she was the expert witness in a class action lawsuit in Nebraska on behalf of female psychiatric patients who had been sexually, physically, medically
4. Irwin Cotler – Irwin Cotler, PC, OC was the Member of Parliament for Mount Royal from 1999 to 2015. He served as the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada from 2003 until the Liberal government of Paul Martin lost power following the 2006 federal election and he was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons in a by-election in November 1999, winning 92% of votes cast. The son of a lawyer, Cotler was born in Montreal, Cotler received his B. A. and law degree from McGill University and was an editor of the McGill Law Journal. He then graduated from Yale Law School with an LL. M, for a short period, he worked with federal Minister of Justice John Turner. Cotler was a professor of law at McGill University and the director of its Human Rights Program from 1973 until his election as a Member of Parliament in 1999 for the Liberal Party of Canada. He has also been a professor at Harvard Law School. He was appointed in 1992 as an Officer of the Order of Canada and he is a past president of the Canadian Jewish Congress. Cotler has served on the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and its sub-Committee on Human Rights and International Development, as well as on the Standing Committee on Justice, in 2000, he was appointed special advisor to the Minister of Foreign Affairs on the International Criminal Court. He is considered an expert on law and human rights law. Cotler represented Natan Sharansky, who was imprisoned in the Soviet gulag for Jewish activism, after his release, Sharansky went on to become Israeli Deputy Prime Minister. Saad Eddin Ibrahim, an Egyptian democracy activist imprisoned by the Egyptian government, was represented by Cotler and he acted as counsel to Maher Arar during part of Arars imprisonment and supported demands for a public inquiry. He has also defended both Palestinians and Israelis against their own governments, and participated in a role in the Camp David peace agreement between Israel and Egypt. In 1986 he was counsel to the Canadian Jewish Congress at the Deschênes Commission of Inquiry on War Criminals. Cotler is on the Board of Advancing Human Rights, one of the central challenges for Cotler during his time as Justice Minister was to address concerns about terrorism while guarding against arbitrary and unnecessary limits on rights. Part of his work in regard, has included a review of Bill C-51. The Anti-Terrorism Act has been criticized by human rights groups and defense lawyers. Cotler believed that the legislation did, in fact, strike a balance between rights and national security concerns, but understood that further consultation was necessary in reviewing the legislation. On February 21,2005, Cotler spoke of the important work that Bill C-51 involved, Cotler presided over other legislative changes concerning national security
5. Alan Dershowitz – Alan Morton Dershowitz is an American lawyer, jurist, and author. He is a prominent scholar on United States constitutional law and criminal law, and he spent most of his career at Harvard Law School where in 1967, at the age of 28, he became the youngest full professor of law in its history. He held the Felix Frankfurter professorship there from 1993 until his retirement in December 2013 and he is now a regular CNN contributor and political analyst. Dershowitz has been involved in legal cases and is a commentator on the Arab–Israeli conflict. Simpson Case, the best-selling The Case for Israel, Rights From Wrongs, A Secular Theory of the Origins of Rights, Dershowitz was born in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, on September 1,1938, the son of Harry Dershowitz and Claire, an Orthodox Jewish couple. He was raised in Borough Park, according to Dershowitz, Harry had a strong sense of justice and talked about how it was the Jews job to defend the underdog. Dershowitzs first job was at a factory on Manhattans Lower East Side in 1952. He recalls tying the strings that separated the hot dogs and once getting locked in the freezer, Dershowitz attended Yeshiva University High School, an independent boys prep school owned by Yeshiva University, in Brooklyn, New York City, where he played on the basketball team. He was a student, often criticized by his teachers. The schools career placement center told him he had talent and was capable of becoming an advertising executive and he later said his teachers told him to do something that requires a big mouth and no brain. After graduating from school, he attended Brooklyn College and received his A. B. in 1959. Next he attended Yale Law School, where he was editor-in-chief of the Yale Law Journal and he was a member of a Conservative minyan at Harvard Hillel, but is now a secular Jew. After being admitted to the bar, Dershowitz served as a clerk for David L. Bazelon and he said that Bazelon was my best and worst boss at once. He worked me to the bone, he didnt hesitate to call at 2 a. m and he taught me everything—how to be a civil libertarian, a Jewish activist, a mensch. He was halfway between a master and a father figure. During the 1963–1964 term, he served as law clerk for the Supreme Court Associate Justice Arthur Goldberg and he was appointed Felix Frankfurter professor of law in 1993. Dershowitz also reports to have one of Nelson Mandelas lawyers. He is currently advising Julian Assanges legal team, Dershowitz retired from teaching at Harvard Law in December 2013
6. Mark Dreyfus – He has been a Labor member of the Australian House of Representatives for the seat of Isaacs, Victoria since the 2007 federal election. Dreyfus was born in Perth, Western Australia, the son of George Dreyfus, Dreyfus was educated at Scotch College, Melbourne and the University of Melbourne where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Laws. Prior to entering Parliament, Dreyfus worked as a barrister for some twenty years, with a practice in commercial, defamation. In 1999 he was appointed Queen’s Counsel, Dreyfus also served as a director of the Law Council of Australia, and on the Victorian Bar Council and Victorian Bar Ethics Committee. Throughout both his legal and political careers, Mark has been an advocate for justice. In March 2006, Dreyfus successfully challenged the sitting Labor member for Isaacs, Ann Corcoran, at the 2007 election, he defeated the Liberal candidate, Ross Fox, gaining a 5.9 per cent swing to Labor. Following Labors victory at the 2007 federal election, Dreyfus was appointed chairman of the House of Representatives Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee, at the 2010 election, Dreyfus was re-elected, gaining a further 3.33 per cent swing to Labor. In September 2010, Dreyfus was appointed as Cabinet Secretary as well as Parliamentary Secretary for Climate Change, Dreyfus took on additional responsibilities in December 2011 when he was appointed as Parliamentary Secretary for Industry and Innovation. On 2 February 2013, Dreyfus was promoted to Attorney-General and as Minister for Emergency Management after the resignation of Nicola Roxon. As Attorney-General, Dreyfus appeared before the International Court of Justice in The Hague as Counsel and Advocate for Australia in the case of Whaling in the Antarctic in June and July 2013. On 1 April 2014, the International Court of Justice handed down its decision in favour of Australia that Japan cease whaling in the Southern Ocean, Dreyfus lives with his wife Chilean-born Deborah — with whom he has three children, Joe, Tom and Laura — in Malvern. Dreyfus speaks fluent Spanish and has stated that, had he not become a lawyer, he would have liked to become a park ranger in the Alpine National Park
7. Charles de Gaulle – Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle was a French general and statesman. He was the leader of Free France and the head of the Provisional Government of the French Republic, in 1958, he founded the Fifth Republic and was elected as the 18th President of France, a position he held until his resignation in 1969. He was the dominant figure of France during the Cold War era, born in Lille, he graduated from Saint-Cyr in 1912. He was an officer of the First World War, wounded several times. During the interwar period, he advocated mobile armoured divisions, during the German invasion of May 1940, he led an armoured division which counterattacked the invaders, he was then appointed Under-Secretary for War. Refusing to accept his governments armistice with Nazi Germany, de Gaulle exhorted the French population to resist occupation and he led a government in exile and the Free French Forces against the Axis. Despite frosty relations with Britain and especially the United States, he emerged as the leader of the French resistance. He became Head of the Provisional Government of the French Republic in June 1944, frustrated by the return of petty partisanship in the new Fourth Republic, he resigned in early 1946 but continued to be politically active as founder of the RPF party. He retired in the early 1950s and wrote his War Memoirs, when the Algerian War was ripping apart the unstable Fourth Republic, the National Assembly brought him back to power during the May 1958 crisis. De Gaulle founded the Fifth Republic with a presidency. He granted independence to Algeria and progressively to other French colonies and he restored cordial Franco-German relations to create a European counterweight between the Anglo-American and Soviet spheres of influence. However, he opposed any development of a supranational Europe, favouring a Europe of sovereign nations, De Gaulle openly criticised the US intervention in Vietnam and the exorbitant privilege of the US dollar. In his later years, his support for an independent Quebec, De Gaulle resigned in 1969 after losing a referendum in which he proposed more decentralization. He died a year later at his residence in Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, leaving his Presidential memoirs unfinished, many French political parties and figures claim the Gaullist legacy. De Gaulle was ranked as Le Plus Grand Français de tous les temps, De Gaulle was born in the industrial region of Lille in the Nord departement, the third of five children. He was raised in a devoutly Catholic and traditional family and his father, Henri de Gaulle, was a professor of history and literature at a Jesuit college who eventually founded his own school. Henri de Gaulle came from a line of parliamentary gentry from Normandy and Burgundy. De Gaulles mother, Jeanne, descended from a family of entrepreneurs from Lille
8. Dore Gold – Dore Gold is an Israeli diplomat who has served in various positions under several Israeli governments. He is the current President of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs and he was also an advisor to the former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during his first term in office. In May 2015, Netanyahu named him Director-General of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, dore Gold was born in 1953 in Hartford, Connecticut, in the United States, and was raised in a Conservative Jewish home. His primary education was spent at the Orthodox Yeshiva of Hartford, in the 1970s, Gold attended Northfield Mount Hermon School and then enrolled in Columbia University. There Gold earned BA and MA in Political Science, and then a PhD in Political Science and he studied literary Arabic and specialized in International Law, and his doctoral dissertation was about Saudi Arabia. This research later formed the foundation for his 2003 New York Times bestseller, Hatreds Kingdom, in the book, Gold argues that Saudi Arabia actively funds terrorism by supporting the enemies of the U. S. and attacking its allies. Today, Gold lives in Jerusalem with his wife, Ofra, dore Golds political career began in 1985 when Gold served as senior research associate at Tel Aviv Universitys Moshe Dayan Centre for Near East Studies. Later, he was appointed Director of the U. S, Foreign and Defense Policy Project at the Jaffee Centre for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University and held this position from 1985 to 1996. In 1991 Gold was an advisor to the Israeli delegation at the Madrid Peace Conference, from June 1996 to June 1997 he served as Foreign Policy Adviser to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Gold accompanied Netanyahu to meetings with the Jordanian leadership in 1994 and 1995 in London, Amman, as the Foreign Policy Adviser under Netanyahu after the 1996 elections, Gold worked with the Palestinian Authority, Egypt, Jordan and others in the Arab world. He was also involved in leading up to the Hebron Agreement. This was the price that Arafat had to pay for his first meeting with Netanyahu and it was a hard concession for the Palestinians, according to Ross, for it was viewed by them as a symbolic retreat on East Jerusalem. According to the Israeli Hebrew daily, Maariv, Christopher wrote this renewed commitment in a letter of assurances to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on September 19,1996. From 1997 to 1999 Gold was the Israeli ambassador to the United Nations. In 1998 Gold served as a member of the Israeli delegation at the Wye River negotiations between Israel, the PLO, and then U. S. President Bill Clinton at the Wye River Plantation in Maryland. From 2000 to the present, Gold has been the president of the JCPA, Gold has much experience in US–Israel policy. His articles and books cover a variety of Israeli diplomacy such as, Jerusalem, the United Nations and its implications for Israel, nuclear Iran. One of the projects Gold has led at the JCPA is the concept of Defensible Borders for Israel, since 2000 Gold has served as president of the non-profit institute, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
9. John Birch Society – The John Birch Society is, in its own words, a conservative advocacy group supporting anti-communism and limited government. It has been described as a right and far-right organization. Businessman and founder Robert W. Welch, Jr. developed an infrastructure in 1958 of chapters nationwide. Originally based in Belmont, Massachusetts, it is now headquartered in Appleton, Wisconsin, the organization owns American Opinion Publishing, which publishes The New American. The organization supports limited government and opposes wealth redistribution and economic interventionism and it opposes collectivism, totalitarianism, and communism. It opposes socialism as well, which it asserts is infiltrating U. S. governmental administration, in a 1983 edition of Crossfire, Congressman Larry McDonald, then its newly appointed president, characterized the society as belonging to the Old Right rather than the New Right. The society opposed the 1960s civil rights movement and claimed the movement had Communists in important positions, in the latter half of 1965, the JBS produced a flyer titled Whats Wrong With Civil Rights. Which was used as a newspaper advertisement and it has been deliberately and almost wholly created by the Communists patiently building up to this present stage for more than forty years. The society also opposed the Equal Rights Amendment, the society opposes one world government, and it has an immigration reduction view on immigration reform. It opposes the United Nations, the North American Free Trade Agreement, the Central America Free Trade Agreement, the Free Trade Area of the Americas, Constitution has been devalued in favor of political and economic globalization, and that this alleged trend is not accidental. It cited the existence of the former Security and Prosperity Partnership as evidence of a push towards a North American Union, the society has been described as ultraconservative, far right, and extremist. Other sources consider the society part of the patriot movement, the Southern Poverty Law Center, for example, lists the society as a Patriot Group. The society was established in Indianapolis, Indiana, on December 9,1958, by a group of 12 led by Robert W. Welch, Jr. a retired candy manufacturer from Belmont, Massachusetts. Welch claimed that Birch was an unknown but dedicated anti-communist, Harry Lynde Bradley, co-founder of the Allen Bradley Company and the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Fred C. Koch, founder of Koch Industries Robert Waring Stoddard, President of Wyman-Gordon, another was Revilo P. Oliver, a University of Illinois professor who was later expelled from the Society and helped found the National Alliance. According to Welch, both the U. S. and Soviet governments are controlled by the same furtive conspiratorial cabal of internationalists, greedy bankers, and corrupt politicians. If left unexposed, the traitors inside the U. S. government would betray the countrys sovereignty to the United Nations for a collectivist New World Order, managed by a one-world socialist government. There are many stages of welfarism, socialism, and collectivism in general, he wrote, but Communism is the state of them all
10. John Kerry – John Forbes Kerry is an American politician who served as the 68th United States Secretary of State from 2013 to 2017. A Democrat, he previously served Massachusetts in the United States Senate from 1985 to 2013 and he was the Democratic nominee in the 2004 presidential election, losing narrowly to Republican incumbent George W. Bush. Kerry was born in Aurora, Colorado and attended boarding school in Massachusetts and he graduated from Yale University in 1966 with a major in political science. Kerry enlisted in the Naval Reserve in 1966, and between 1968 and 1969, he served an abbreviated four-month tour of duty in South Vietnam as officer-in-charge of a Swift Boat. For that service, he was awarded combat medals that include the Silver Star Medal, Bronze Star Medal and he appeared in the Fulbright Hearings before the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs where he deemed United States war policy in Vietnam to be the cause of war crimes. After receiving a J. D. from Boston College Law School and he served as Lieutenant Governor under Michael Dukakis from 1983 to 1985 and was elected to the U. S. Senate in 1984 and was sworn in the following January. On the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he led a series of hearings from 1987 to 1989 which were a precursor to the Iran–Contra affair, Kerry was re-elected to additional terms in 1990,1996,2002, and 2008. In his 2004 presidential campaign, Kerry criticized George W. Bush for the Iraq War and he and his running mate, North Carolina Senator John Edwards, lost the election, finishing 35 electoral votes behind Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney. Kerry returned to the Senate, becoming Chairman of the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship in 2007 and then of the Foreign Relations Committee in 2009. In January 2013, Kerry was nominated by President Barack Obama to succeed outgoing Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and then confirmed by the U. S. Senate, John Forbes Kerry was born on December 11,1943, in Aurora, Colorado, at Fitzsimons Army Hospital. He is the second of four born to Richard John Kerry, a Foreign Service officer and lawyer, and Rosemary Isabel Forbes. His father was raised Catholic and his mother was Episcopalian and he was raised with an elder sister named Margaret, a younger sister named Diana and a younger brother named Cameron. The children were raised in their fathers faith, John Kerry served as an altar boy, Kerry grew up a military brat until his father was discharged from the Army Air Corps, causing the family to settle in Washington, D. C. in 1949. While in Washington, Richard took a spot in the Department of the Navys Office of General Counsel and his extended maternal family enjoyed great wealth as members of the Forbes and Dudley–Winthrop families. Kerrys parents themselves were upper-middle class, and a great aunt paid for him to attend elite boarding schools. In 1957, his father was stationed at the U. S. Embassy in Oslo, Norway, and Kerry was sent back to the United States to attend boarding school. He first attended the Fessenden School in Newton, Massachusetts, and later St. Pauls, Concord, New Hampshire, Kerry founded the John Winant Society at St. Pauls to debate the issues of the day, the Society still exists there. In 1962, Kerry entered Yale University, majoring in political science and he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1966
11. John Key – John Phillip Key is a New Zealand politician who served as the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand and leader of the New Zealand National Party. He was elected leader of the party in November 2006 and appointed Prime Minister in November 2008, born in Auckland before moving to Christchurch when he was a child, Key attended the University of Canterbury and graduated in 1981 with a bachelor of commerce. In 1999 he was appointed a member of the Foreign Exchange Committee of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York until leaving in 2001 and he has held the seat since then. In 2004, he was appointed Finance Spokesman for National and eventually succeeded Don Brash as the National Party leader in 2006. After two years as Leader of the Opposition, Key led his party to victory at the November 2008 general election, and repeated this feat at both the November 2011 and September 2014 elections. He was expected to lead National into the 2017 election, as Prime Minister, Key led the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which entered government at the beginning of the late-2000s recession in 2008. In his first term, Keys government implemented a GST rise, Key was born in Auckland, New Zealand, to George Key and Ruth Key, on 9 August 1961. His father was an English immigrant and a veteran of the Spanish Civil War, Key and his two sisters were raised in a state house in the Christchurch suburb of Bryndwr, by his mother, an Austrian Jewish immigrant. Key is the prime minister or premier of New Zealand to have Jewish ancestry, after Julius Vogel. He attended Aorangi School, and then Burnside High School from 1975 to 1979, then he attended the University of Canterbury and earned a Bachelor of Commerce degree in accounting in 1981. He has attended management studies courses at Harvard University, Key met his wife Bronagh when they were both students at Burnside High School. She also has a BCom degree, and worked as a consultant before becoming a full-time mother. They have two children, Stephie and Max, Max is a night-time radio host for George FM, and is also a singer. On 25 July 2008, Key was added to the New Zealand National Business Review Rich List for the first time, the list details the wealthiest New Zealand individuals and family groups. He had a wealth of NZ$50 million, making him the wealthiest New Zealand Member of Parliament. Keys first job was in 1982, as an auditor at McCulloch Menzies, in 1995, he joined Merrill Lynch as head of Asian foreign exchange in Singapore. Some co-workers called him the smiling assassin for maintaining his usual cheerfulness while sacking dozens of staff after heavy losses from the 1998 Russian financial crisis and he was a member of the Foreign Exchange Committee of the New York Federal Reserve Bank from 1999 to 2001. In 1998, on learning of his interest in pursuing a political career, former party leader Jenny Shipley describes him as one of the people she deliberately sought out and put my head on the line–either privately or publicly–to get them in there
12. Alan Keyes – Alan Lee Keyes is an American conservative political activist, pundit, author, former diplomat, and perennial candidate for public office. A doctoral graduate of Harvard University, Keyes began his career in the U. S. Foreign Service in 1979 at the United States consulate in Bombay, India, Keyes ran for President of the United States in 1996,2000, and 2008. He was the Republican nominee for the U. S. Senate in Maryland against Paul Sarbanes in 1988 and Barbara Mikulski in 1992, in all three cases, Keyes lost by large margins. Keyes hosted a radio show, The Alan Keyes Show, Americas Wake-Up Call. The show was briefly simulcast by National Empowerment Television, in 2002, he briefly hosted a television commentary show on the MSNBC cable network, Alan Keyes Is Making Sense. Since 1998, Keyes has served as a columnist for World Net Daily, born in a naval hospital on Long Island, New York, Keyes was the fifth child of mother Gerthina and father Allison L. Keyes, a U. S. Army sergeant and a teacher. Due to his fathers tours of duty, the Keyes family traveled frequently, Keyes lived in Georgia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Texas, Virginia and overseas in Italy. After high school, Keyes attended Cornell University, where he was a member of the Cornell University Glee Club and he studied political philosophy with American philosopher and essayist Allan Bloom and has said that Bloom was the professor who influenced him most in his undergraduate studies. Keyes has stated that he received threats for opposing Vietnam war protesters who seized a campus building. Shortly thereafter, he left the school and spent a year in Paris under a Cornell study abroad program connected with Bloom, Keyes continued his studies at Harvard University, where he resided in Winthrop House, and completed his Bachelor of Arts degree in government affairs in 1972. During his first year of school, Keyess roommate was William Kristol. In 1988, Kristol ran Keyess unsuccessful U. S. Senate campaign in Maryland, Keyes earned his Ph. D. in government affairs from Harvard University in 1979, having written a dissertation on Alexander Hamilton and constitutional theory, under Harvey C. Due to student deferments and a draft number, Keyes was not drafted to serve in the Vietnam War. Keyes and his family were supporters of the war, in which his father served two tours of duty. Keyes was criticized by opponents of the war in Vietnam, but he says he was supporting his father and his brothers, Keyes is married to Jocelyn Marcel Keyes, of East Indian descent, from Calcutta. The couple has three children, Francis, Maya, and Andrew, Keyes is a traditional Catholic and a third-degree Knight of Columbus. He is also a friend of Brazilian conservative philosopher and journalist Olavo de Carvalho
13. Bayard Rustin – Bayard Rustin was an American leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, nonviolence, and gay rights. He was born and raised in Pennsylvania, where his family was involved in civil rights work, in 1936, he moved to Harlem, New York City, where he earned a living as a nightclub and stage singer. He continued activism for civil rights, in the pacifist groups Fellowship of Reconciliation and the War Resisters League, Rustin practiced nonviolence. A member of the Communist Party before 1941, he collaborated with A, philip Randolph on the March on Washington Movement in 1941 to press for an end to discrimination in employment. He was a leading activist of the early Civil Rights Movement, helping to initiate a 1947 Freedom Ride to challenge, with civil disobedience and he recognized Martin Luther King, Jr. s leadership, and helped to organize the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to strengthen Kings leadership. Rustin became a leading strategist of the Civil Rights Movement from 1955 to 1968 and he was the chief organizer of the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, which was headed by A. Philip Randolph, the leading African-American labor-union president and socialist, Rustin also influenced young activists, such as Tom Kahn and Stokely Carmichael, in organizations such as the Congress on Racial Equality and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Rustin became the head of the AFL–CIOs A, philip Randolph Institute, which promoted the integration of formerly all-white unions and promoted the unionization of African Americans. The Institute under Rustins leadership also advanced and campaigned for A Freedom Budget for All Americans, linking the concepts of racial justice with economic justice. Rustin became a chairperson of the Socialist Party of America in 1972, before it changed its name to Social Democrats, USA. During the 1970s and 1980s, Rustin served on many missions, such as aiding refugees from Communist Vietnam. At the time of his death in 1987, he was on a mission in Haiti. Rustin was a gay man who had arrested for homosexual activity in 1953. Rustins sexuality, or at least his public criminal charge, was criticized by some fellow pacifists and civil-rights leaders because it detracted from his effectiveness. Rustin was attacked as a pervert or immoral influence by political opponents from segregationists to black power militants, in addition, his pre-1941 Communist Party affiliation when he was a young man was controversial, having caused scrutiny by the FBI. To avoid such attacks, Rustin served rarely as a public spokesperson and he usually acted as an influential adviser behind the scenes to civil-rights leaders. In the 1980s, he became an advocate on behalf of gay. President Ronald Reagan issued a statement on Rustins death in 1987, praising his work for civil rights, on November 20,2013, President Barack Obama posthumously awarded Rustin the Presidential Medal of Freedom
14. Gene Simmons – Chaim Witz, known professionally as Gene Simmons, is an Israeli-American musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, entrepreneur, actor and television personality. Also known by his stage persona The Demon, he is the bass guitarist and co-lead singer of Kiss, chaim Witz was born on August 25,1949 at Rambam Hospital, in Haifa, Israel. At age 8, he emigrated to New York City, with his mother, Simmons was raised in a Jewish household, where he practised playing his guitar hours without end. His mother, Flóra Florence Klein, was born in Jánd, the name Klein, which means small in German, has the Hungarian equivalent Kis, this, however, did not give the band its name. Simmons mother survived internment in Nazi concentration camps and she and her brother, Larry Klein, were the only members of the family to survive the Holocaust. Simmons father, Feri Witz, also Hungarian-born, remained in Israel, Simmons says the family was dirt poor, scraping by on bread and milk. In the United States, Simmons changed his name to Eugene Klein, before his musical career began, Simmons worked a variety of jobs in the city. An excellent typist, he served as an assistant to an editor of the fashion magazine Vogue, a significant influence on Simmons was the Beatles. There is no way Id be doing what I do now if it wasnt for The Beatles, I was watching The Ed Sullivan Show and I saw them. Those skinny little boys, kind of androgynous, with hair like girls. It blew me away that these four boys the middle of nowhere could make that music, Simmons became involved with his first band, Lynx, then renamed The Missing Links, when he was a teenager. Eventually, he disbanded the band to form The Long Island Sounds, while he played in these bands, he worked at odd jobs on the side to make more money, including trading used comic books. Simmons attended Sullivan County Community College in Loch Sheldrake, New York and he then joined a new band, Bullfrog Bheer, and the band recorded a demo, Leeta, this was later included on the Kiss box set. Simmons formed the rock band Wicked Lester in the early 1970s with Stanley Eisen and recorded one album and they decided to form the ultimate rock band, and started looking for a drummer. Simmons and Stanley found an ad placed by George Peter John Criscuola who was playing clubs in Brooklyn at the time, during this time, Criss and Simmons also appeared on an unreleased album by Captain Sanity together with members from Criss previous band Chelsea. Paul Frehley responded to an ad they put in The Village Voice for a guitar player. Kiss released their debut album in February 1974. Stanley took on the role of lead performer on stage, while Simmons became the force behind what became an extensive Kiss merchandising franchise
15. Elie Wiesel – Eliezer Elie Wiesel KBE was a Romanian-born American Jewish writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Laureate and Holocaust survivor. He was the author of 57 books, written mostly in French and English, including Night, along with writing, he was a professor of the humanities at Boston University, which created the Elie Wiesel Center for Jewish Studies in his honor. He was involved with Jewish causes, and helped establish the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, in his political activities he also campaigned for victims of oppression in places like South Africa and Nicaragua and genocide in Sudan. He publicly condemned the 1915 Armenian genocide and remained a defender of human rights during his lifetime. He had been described as the most important Jew in America by the Los Angeles Times and he was a founding board member of the New York Human Rights Foundation and remained active throughout his life. Elie Wiesel was born in Sighet, Maramureș in the Carpathian Mountains in Romania and his parents were Sarah Feig and Shlomo Wiesel. At home, Wiesels family spoke Yiddish most of the time, but also German, Hungarian, Wiesels mother, Sarah, was the daughter of Dodye Feig, a celebrated Vizhnitz Hasid and farmer from a nearby village. Dodye was active and trusted within the community, Wiesels father, Shlomo, instilled a strong sense of humanism in his son, encouraging him to learn Hebrew and to read literature, whereas his mother encouraged him to study the Torah. Wiesel has said his father represented reason while his mother Sarah promoted faith, Wiesel was instructed that his genealogy traced back to Rabbi Schlomo, son of Yitzhak, and was a descendant of Rabbi Yeshayahu ben Abraham Horovitz ha-Levi, an author. Wiesel had three siblings—older sisters Beatrice and Hilda, and younger sister, Tzipora, Beatrice and Hilda survived the war and were reunited with Wiesel at a French orphanage. They eventually emigrated to North America, with Beatrice moving to Montreal, Quebec, Tzipora, Shlomo, and Sarah did not survive the Holocaust. In March 1944, Germany occupied Hungary which extended the Holocaust into that country, immediately after they were sent to Auschwitz, his mother and his younger sister were murdered. Wiesel and his father were selected to perform labor so long as they remained able-bodied, Wiesel and his father were later deported to the concentration camp at Buchenwald. Until that transfer, he admitted to Oprah Winfrey, his motivation for trying to survive Auschwitz was knowing that his father was still alive, I knew that if I died. After they were taken to Buchenwald, his father died before the camp was liberated, in Night, Wiesel recalled the shame he felt when he heard his father being beaten and was unable to help. Wiesel was tattooed with inmate number A-7713 on his left arm, the camp was liberated by the U. S. Third Army on April 11,1945, when they were just prepared to be evacuated from Buchenwald and this home was subsequently moved to Taverny and operated until 1947. Afterwards Wiesel traveled to Paris where he learned French and studied literature, philosophy and he heard lectures by philosopher Martin Buber and existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre and he spent his evenings reading works by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Franz Kafka, and Thomas Mann
16. Robert S. Wistrich – According to Indiana University, Wistrich was a leading scholar of the history of antisemitism. Wistrich was born in Lenger, in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic on April 7,1945 and his parents were leftist Polish Jews who had moved to Lviv in 1940 in order to escape the Germans, however, they found Soviet totalitarianism to be little better. In 1942 they moved to Kazakhstan, where Wistrichs father was imprisoned twice by the NKVD and his parents returned to Poland under a repatriation agreement between Stalin and the Polish government-in-exile. Later, finding the environment in Poland to be dangerously anti-Semitic – the family moved to France. In 1966 he graduated with a BA from the Cambridge, which was raised to a MA degree in 1969, at Cambridge, he founded Circuit, a literary and arts magazine that he co-edited between 1966 and 1969. Between 1969–1970, during a year in Israel, he became the youngest ever literary editor of New Outlook. Wistrich received his Ph. D. from the University of London in 1974, between 1974 and 1980, he was Director of Research at the Institute of Contemporary History and the Wiener Library and the editor of the Wiener Library Bulletin in London. Appointed a Research Fellow at the British Academy, he had written several well-received books by the time he was given tenure at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1982. His 1989 book The Jews of Vienna in the Age of Franz Joseph received the Austrian State Prize in History, in 1993, he also scripted Good Morning, Mr. Hitler, an award-winning documentary on Nazi art commissioned by the UKs Channel 4. Between 1991 and 1995, Wistrich was appointed the first holder of the Chair of Jewish Studies at University College London and he also wrote several dramas for BBC radio and Kol Israel on the lives of historical figures ranging from Leon Trotsky to Theodor Herzl. In 2003, he acted as the historical consultant for the BBC documentary, Blaming the Jews and in 2006 he was the academic advisor for the film, Obsession. From 2002, he was the director of the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism, Wistrich died of a heart attack on May 19,2015 in Rome, Italy. Revolutionary Jews from Marx to Trotsky, ISBN 0-06-497806-0 The Left Against Zion. ISBN 0-85303-199-1 Socialism and the Jews, ISBN 0-8128-2774-0 The Jews of Vienna in the Age of Franz Joseph. Between Redemption and Perdition, Modern Antisemitism and Jewish Identity, ISBN 0-415-04233-X Anti-Zionism and Antisemitism in the Contemporary World. ISBN 0-8147-9237-5 Antisemitism, the Longest Hatred, ISBN 0-415-10056-9 Weekend in Munich, Art, Propaganda and Terror in the Third Reich. ISBN 1-85793-318-4 Theodor Herzl, Visionary of the Jewish State, New York and Jerusalem, Herzl Press and Magnes Press,1999,390 pages. Demonizing the Other, Antisemitism, Racism and Xenophobia, ISBN 90-5702-497-7 Hitler and the Holocaust