Hiren Bhattacharyya was one of the best known poets working in the Assamese language. He had innumerable works published in Assamese and achieved many prizes and accolades for his poetry and he is known as Hiruda among his fans. Prem aru Rodalir Kobi is his name in the Assamese literature. Bhattacharyya was born in Jorhat district at Assam in the year 1932 and his father was Tirthanath Bhattacharyya and his mother was Snehalata Bhattacharyya. His father was a jailer, and as such as a child he was roamed all over Assam with his family, after battling for life almost three months, he died at 11,30 AM on 4 July 2012 in Guwahati, Assam. Bhattacharyya mainly worked in the field of Assamese poetry and he was the editor of several Assamese magazines and newspapers. Some of the newspapers he worked on are Chitrabon, Monon and he was the poetry editor of the Assamese magazine Prantik for over three decades. Few sample stanzas from the poems are, Chuliot Rupali Rong Lagise Beya Nedekhi Lagok Sonali Khini Mosi Nidiba Buku Juri Thakok.
Mrityutow ata shilpo, jibonor kothin shilot kota nirlohb bhaskarjya Baharatiya Bhasha Parishad Award in 1993
Paul Carey (broadcaster)
Paul Carey was an American broadcaster and sportscaster who broadcast professionally in six different decades. He is a member of the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame, Carey was born in Mount Pleasant, Michigan on March 15,1928. His parents were Joseph P. Carey, a professor at Central Michigan University. His broadcast career was interrupted in 1950 with the outbreak of the Korean War, Carey was drafted in October 1950 and served in the Fourth Infantry Division, the first NATO division. He was a squad leader staff sergeant in a weapons platoon, Carey was on the original announcing staff of WCEN, Mt. Pleasant when it went on the air August 8,1949. After completing his degree in June 1950, Carey returned to WCEN. In 1949, he was part of the first broadcast ever made of a Central Michigan University football game, after returning from serving in the Army in October 1952, he resumed his announcing and sportscasting duties at WCEN. In April 1953, Carey moved to WKNX in Saginaw, Michigan to become the afternoon disc-jockey and he worked on WKNX-TV and did the first on-camera commercial for that station.
During his stay at WKNX, Carey was program director of radio for two years, in June 1956, Carey joined the announcing staff at WJR in Detroit and worked there until his retirement in January 1992. He was an announcer from 1956 to 1965 and became Assistant Sports Director in 1958. Carey originated and hosted a Michigan High School football and basketball program for 35 years. He was a member of the Associated Press All-State and ratings panel for 20 years, for sixteen of those years calling Tiger baseball on radio, he handled the engineering for the broadcasts. Pauls last Tigers broadcast was on the day of the 1991 baseball season in Baltimore. It was the last game played at Memorial Stadium, and a number of famous former Orioles returned for post-game ceremonies, during a WJRW interview in October 2012, Carey said, That was an emotional moment for me. They were closing up, said Carey, and they took home plate out, but it was a very emotional moment for Baltimore fans, as it was in our Tigers broadcast booth.
Carey served as an announcer for Detroit Pistons basketball for six seasons. He did pre- and post-game shows for the Detroit Lions games in the late 1950s and early 1960s, in 2012, Carey was named the third recipient of the DSBAs Ernie Harwell Lifetime Contribution Award. The award is named after the Hall of Fame Detroit Tigers announcer, Harwell was the first winner of the award
Samuel Shepherd Caldwell, known as Sam Caldwell, was an oilman who served as the mayor of Shreveport, from 1934 to 1946. Caldwell and the former Alice Jeter, Caldwell was born and educated in Mooringsport in Caddo Parish and he attended Louisiana Tech University in Ruston. For nine years he was employed by the Kansas City Southern Railway in the accounting and auditing departments and he worked seven years for Shell Oil Company, part of that tenure as the assistant superintendent of the land department. He was thereafter an independent oil operator affiliated with the Louisiana-Arkansas division of the Mid-Continent Oil, from 1932 to 1934, Caldwell served on the Caddo Parish Commission, known as the police jury, the parish governing body akin to county commissions in other states. He was elected to terms as mayor in 1934,1938. In this capacity, he worked to merge the municipal and parish boards of health into one entity and oversaw the stocking of Cross Lake, Caldwell set the eight-hour day for city fire and police personnel and lobbied for frequent pay increases for these employees.
He worked to obtain $2 million in funding for the citys first low-income housing and established public dental, Caldwell was responsible for the municipal acquisition of Querbes Park and established Ford Park, named for former mayor and commissioner John McWilliams Ford. When he declined to seek a fourth term in office, Caldwell said that he had tried sincerely to be a good mayor, I will be just as interested and solicitous of the welfare of the city. As a private citizen as I have been as mayor, in 1944, Caldwell campaigned unsuccessfully for governor against former Shreveport Public Safety Commissioner Jimmie Davis. His choice for lieutenant governor was State Senator Frank B. Ellis of St. Tammany Parish, Caldwell received just under thirty thousand votes in the gubernatorial primary. Leander Perez, boss of the Louisiana Delta from Plaquemines Parish, at the time, Perez had a personal dislike for Davis and outgoing Governor Sam H. Jones of Lake Charles, who covertly favored Davis. Morgan was the running mate of former Governor Earl Kemp Long.
Others who sought the governorship in 1944 were State Senator Dudley J. LeBlanc of Abbeville in Vermillion Parish, representative James H. Morrison of Louisianas 6th congressional district, a resident of Hammond, names widely known across the state at that time. Davis led the balloting and defeated Morgan in the runoff election, Caldwell had urged that the city switch from the city commission to the mayor-council format, a move not undertaken until 1978, long after his death. After he dispatched Morgan on the theme of Peace and Harmony, Davis was unopposed in the general election, after a twelve-year hiatus, Davis returned to serve a second gubernatorial term from 1960 to 1964. In the campaign, Caldwell argued for state assistance to returning veterans from World War II and he stressed his support for states rights through the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. For further reference, see Jerry Purvis Sanson, Sam Caldwells Gubernatorial Campaigns in North Louisiana History, in 1914, Caldwell married the former Anna Pauline Polly Owen, originally from Delhi in Richland Parish.
She was a gardener and like her husband an advocate for veterans issues
Boccara was born in Casablanca, into a Jewish family of Italian origin that lived in Tunisia before they settled down in Morocco. When she was 18, she moved from Casablanca to Paris, Boccara had a brother and a sister in show business, composers Jean-Michel Braque and Lina Boccara. Her son, Tristan Boccara, was born in the mid-1970s, in 1964, Boccara had submitted the song Autrefois to the French Eurovision Song Contest selection panel, but she was unsuccessful. Five years later, at the Eurovision Song Contest 1969, held in Madrid, she represented France performing Un jour, un enfant – music by Émile Stern and her song shared first place along with the entries from the Netherlands, the UK, and Spain. Cent mille chansons was recorded in 1968 and earned her a Gold disc, while Un jour, un enfant earned her a Platinum disc, Un monde en sarabande and La prière. In the late 1960s, she recorded Un pays pour nous, leonard Bernstein, who composed the original melody, declared that Boccaras version was his favorite.
Boccara renewed her links with Eurovision by participating in the French national finals of 1980 – performing Un enfant de France – and 1981 – with Voilà comment je taime
Henry Christy was an English banker and collector, who left his substantial collections to the British Museum. Trained to business by his father, Henry Christy became a partner in the house of Christy & Co. in Gracechurch Street and he was still a board member of the bank at the end of his life, despite other activities. Henry contributed to the success of the firm, known as W. M. Christy & Sons Ltd. once his father took it over. Christy innovated with woven silk rather than beaver for the manufacture of top hats, Christy was a philanthropist, active in the Great Famine and other causes. With other Quakers Christy took the approach of buying seeds for other vegetable crops, with committee members Robert Forster and Samuel Fox, he lobbied the government for practical help in improving Irish fisheries. He was one of the founders of the Aborigines Protection Society and he was a committee member of the British and Foreign School Society. Christy was involved in numerous learned societies and he belonged to both the Ethnological Society of London and the Anthropological Society of London, representing different strands arising from early ethnology.
He became a Fellow of the Linnean Society in 1856, and he took part in both the archaeological societies of the period, and the Royal Geographical Society. In 1850 Christy began to visit foreign countries, among the fruits of his first expedition to the East were an extensive collection of Eastern fabrics, and a large series of figures from Cyprus, which are now in the British Museum. After the Great Exhibition of 1851, Christy began the study of tribal peoples, in 1852, and again in 1853, he travelled in Denmark and Norway. The public collections of antiquities at Stockholm and Copenhagen were a revelation to him, the year 1856 was devoted to America. Travelling over Canada, the United States, and British Columbia, Christy met Edward Burnett Tylor in Cuba, and they went on together to Mexico and their Mexican travels were described by Tylor in his Anahuac. In 1858, the antiquity of man was proved by the discoveries of Boucher de Perthes on flint implements in France, Christy joined the Geological Society that year.
He went with the French palæontologist Edouard Lartet in the examination of the caves along the valley of the Vézère, remains are embedded in the stalagmites of these caves. Thousands of specimens were obtained, some of them being added to Christys collection, the sites they investigated included Le Moustier, the Abri de la Madeleine, both important type sites. In April 1865, Christy left England with a party of geologists to examine some caves which had recently been discovered in Belgium. While at work he caught a severe cold, a subsequent journey with M. and Mme. Lartet to La Palisse brought on inflammation of the lungs, of which he died on 4 May 1865 and he left £5000 which established the Christy fund that allowed the British Museum to purchase many more artefacts, with a sum of money to be applied to public exhibition
Ramiz Tafë Alia was the second and last Communist leader of Albania from 1985 to 1991, and the countrys head of state from 1982 to 1992. He had been designated as successor by Enver Hoxha and took power after Hoxha died, Alia died on 7 October 2011 in Tirana due to lung disease, aged 85. He was the first President of Albania from 1991 to 1992, Alia was born on 18 October 1925. His parents were from Gheg clan and they fled Kosovo during the Balkan Wars and he grew up and spent his childhood in Tirana. In the early part of World War II Alia was a member of a Fascist youth organization, in 1943, he became a member of the Albanian Communist Party. He had risen rapidly under Hoxhas patronage and by 1961 was a member of the ruling Political Bureau. Hoxha chose Alia for several reasons, Alia had long been a militant follower of Marxism-Leninism and supported Hoxhas policy of national self-reliance. Alia was favored by Hoxhas wife Nexhmije, who had once been his instructor at the Institute of Marxism-Leninism, when he succeeded Hoxha in 1985, the country was in grave difficulty.
Political apathy and cynicism were pervasive, with segments of the population having rejected the governments values. The economy, which suffered from low productivity and permanent shortages of the most basic foodstuffs, social controls and self-discipline had eroded. The intelligentsia was beginning to resist strict party controls and to criticize the failure to observe international standards of human rights. Apparently recognizing the depth and extent of the malaise, Alia cautiously and slowly began to make changes in the system. His first target was the economic system, in an effort to improve economic efficiency, Alia introduced some economic decentralization and price reform in specific sectors. Alia did not relax censorship, but he did allow public discussions of Albanias societal problems and encouraged debates among writers, in response to international criticism of Albanias record on human rights, the new leadership loosened some political controls and ceased to apply repression on a mass scale.
In 1989, general amnesties brought about the release of many long-term prisoners and he strengthened ties with Greece, Italy and Yugoslavia. A loosening of restrictions on travel and tourism resulted in a more promising outlook for Albanias tourist trade, on 9 December 1990, student demonstrators marched from the Enver Hoxha University at Tirana through the streets of the capital shouting slogans and demanding reforms. By December 11, the number of participants had reached almost 3,000, in an effort to quell the student unrest, which had led to clashes with riot police, Alia met with the students and agreed to take further steps toward democratization. The students informed Alia that they wanted to create an independent political organization of students, Alias response was that such an organization had to be registered with the Ministry of Justice
Gustave Caillebotte was a French painter and patron of the artists known as Impressionists, although he painted in a much more realistic manner than many others in the group. Caillebotte was noted for his early interest in photography as an art form, Gustave Caillebotte was born on 19 August 1848 to an upper-class Parisian family living in the rue du Faubourg-Saint-Denis. His father, Martial Caillebotte, was the inheritor of the familys textile business and was a judge at the Seine departments Tribunal de commerce. Caillebottes father was widowed before marrying Caillebottes mother, Céleste Daufresne. Caillebotte was born at home on rue du Faubourg-Saint-Denis in Paris, and lived there until 1866 and it probably was around this time that Caillebotte began to draw and paint. Caillebotte earned a law degree in 1868 and a licence to practise law in 1870, shortly after his education, he was drafted to fight in the Franco-Prussian war, and served from July 1870 to March 1871 in the Garde Nationale Mobile de la Seine.
After the war, Caillebotte began visiting the studio of painter Léon Bonnat and he developed an accomplished style in a relatively short time and had his first studio in his parents home. In 1873, Caillebotte entered the École des Beaux-Arts, but apparently did not spend time there. He inherited his fathers fortune in 1874 and the surviving sons divided the family fortune after their mothers death in 1878, the Impressionists – called the Independents and Intentionalists – had broken away from the academic painters showing in the annual Salons. Caillebotte made his debut in the second Impressionist exhibition in 1876, showing eight paintings, Les raboteurs de parquet, his earliest masterpiece. Its subject matter, the depiction of labourers preparing a wooden floor was considered vulgar by some critics, at the time, the art establishment deemed only rustic peasants or farmers acceptable subjects from the working class. The painting is now at the Musée dOrsay, a second version, in a more realistic style resembling that of Degas, was exhibited, demonstrating Caillebottes range of technique and his adept restatement of the same subject matter.
With regard to the composition and painting style of his works, the second period of Pointillism, whose main representative was Georges Seurat, announced its influence in the late works that Caillebotte painted at his country house in Petit Gennevilliers. Caillebottes style belongs to the School of Realism, but was influenced by his Impressionist associates. A large number of Caillebottes works employ a very high point, including View of Rooftops, Boulevard Seen from Above. Caillebotte painted many domestic and familial scenes and portraits, there are scenes of dining, card playing, piano playing and sewing, all executed in an intimate, unobtrusive manner that portrays the quiet ritual of upper-class indoor life. His country scenes at Yerres focus on pleasure boating on the stream as well as fishing and swimming. He often used a soft impressionistic technique reminiscent of Renoir to convey the nature of the countryside
John Cavanaugh (sculptor)
John William Cavanaugh, was an American sculptor who worked for much of his career in Washington, DC, where he lived and worked in the Dupont Circle neighborhood. He worked primarily in lead, a poisonous metal and this is believed to have led to his death from cancer of the lungs. John Cavanaugh was born in rural Sycamore, Ohio as the third of four sons of Hilda and Chauncy Floyd Cavanaugh, intensely religious and his family struggled, especially after the suicide of his father in 1929 when John was eight. Cavanaugh first attended schools, but his mother recognized and wanted to encourage his creativity. In 1938, Cavanaugh went to live and study art in Urbana, under Alice Archer Sewall James, Cavanaugh graduated from Ohio State University, with a BA in 1945, studying English and sculpture. In 1946, Cavanaugh married Janet Corneille and they had a son together, in 1949, their second son Jon was born. In 1951, Cavanaugh won a National Sculpture Society Purchase Prize, but Cavanaugh felt increasingly conflicted about his sexuality and marriage.
In 1956 he left his wife and son, and other family, to move to New York City to pursue his sculpture career and it caused an irrevocable break with his mother, whom he never saw again. After her death, he reconciled with his brothers. By 1959 Cavanaugh had developed what became a lifelong relationship with his partner, Philip Froeder, in 1963, they moved to Washington, D. C. where Froeder had gotten work. This developed as a productive time for Cavanaugh, although he became somewhat isolated from the New York art scene. He continued to participate in exhibitions at New York’s Sculpture Center until 1977. At the same time, Cavanaugh was receiving income from his exhibitions in his Washington studio space on Swann Street. Cavanaughs works have shown at the National Sculpture Center in New York City. Some of Cavanaughs pieces were presented by President Clinton as state gifts to the presidents of Egypt and his sculpture, after the Greek goddess of agriculture, is featured in the Friendship Garden of the U. S.
National Arboretum. His sculpture of Olive Risley Seward, adopted daughter of William Henry Seward, is installed by a residence in Southeast Washington, near Seward Square. Some of his sculptural plaques were installed on buildings in the Dupont Circle area which were restored by his partner Froeder, Cavanaugh was prolific and sold numerous sculptures and other works from his Swann Street studio shows. From 2008 to 2011, an exhibit of Cavanaughs work, In Search of Motion, traveled to the Saginaw Art Museum, the Kalamazoo Institute of the Arts
Samuel Bard (physician)
Samuel Bard was an American physician. He founded the first medical school in New York City and he was a personal physician to George Washington. His description of the disease diphtheria was instrumental in formulating treatment for that condition, Bard was born in Philadelphia as the son of John Bard, a physician. He first studied at Columbia College, and in September 1761 sailed to Europe to obtain a medical education. He spent five years in France and Scotland and received his MD at the University of Edinburgh in May 1765, on his return, he found his father in debt for his education, which had cost more than a thousand pounds. He entered into partnership with him, and for three years drew nothing beyond his expenses from the profits of the business, amounting to 1500 a year, having thus honorably discharged this debt, he married his cousin, Mary Bard, to whom he had long been attached. Bard founded the first hospital in New York called the Hospital in the City of New York in America in 1769, Bard formed the plan of the Medical School of New York, which was published within a year after his return.
He was appointed Professor of the Practice of Physics, Medical degrees were first conferred in 1769. In the same year, the hospital was founded by his exertions, after the return of peace, Washington selected him as his family physician. At this period he lost four out of his six children by scarlatina, in consequence of the illness of Mrs. Bard, he withdrew from business for a year, devoting himself to her. In 1784, he returned to the city, having formed the purpose to retire from business, he in 1798 removed to his seat in the neighborhood of his father at Hyde Park. But, when the yellow fever appeared, he returned to his post. By his fearless exposure of himself he took the disease, nursed by his wife, the remaining 23 years of his life were spent in happy retirement, surrounded by his children and grandchildren. In 1813, he was appointed President of the College of Physicians and Surgeons and his wife succumbed of the same disorder the preceding day, and they were buried in one grave
Olive, Lady Baillie
Olive, Lady Baillie was an Anglo-American heiress and hostess. She is best known as the owner of Leeds Castle, near Maidstone, Kent, on her death the castle was bequeathed to a charitable trust to enable it to be open to the public. In 1905 her sister, Dorothy Wyndham Paget was born, when their mother died in 1916, each daughter inherited a considerable fortune. Olive was educated in France and in 1918 she served briefly as a wartime nurse, in 1919 she married the Hon. Charles John Frederick Winn, son of Baron St Oswald of Nostell Priory in Yorkshire, England. They had two daughters, Pauline was born in 1920 and Susan in 1923, the marriage ended in divorce in 1925. Later that same year she married Arthur Wilson Filmer, the Wilson Filmers bought Leeds Castle in 1926–27 but were divorced in 1931. Olive retained possession of the castle, in November 1931 she married Sir Adrian William Maxwell Baillie, 6th Baronet, thus gaining the title of Lady Baillie. They had one son, who was born in 1934, Sir Adrian and Lady Baillie divorced in 1944, he died in 1947.
Lady Baillie died in London on 9 September 1974, aged 75 and her estate amounted to about £4.08 million. When the Wilson Filmers bought Leeds Castle it was in a condition, having not been lived in since 1924. For the remainder of her life, the future Lady Baillie spent a portion of her inherited fortune on the restoration of the castle and its associated buildings. She initially employed Owen Little, a Surrey architect, to out work on the entrance lodges. Much of the restoration of the castle at that time was designed by the French designer Armand-Albert Rateau. The work was carried out by craftsmen from France and Italy, between 1936 and 1967, Lady Baillie worked with the French designer Stéphane Boudin in planning further restorations and improvements to the castle. Lady Baillie became renowned as a hostess, the Baillies lived during the week in London and held house parties at Leeds Castle at the weekends. Frequent visitors to the castle were political friends of Sir Adrian, David Margesson, other prominent visitors included Sir Alfred Beit, many MPs, including Anthony Eden, and Germanys ambassador to Britain, Joachim von Ribbentrop.
Other guests were Margaret, Duchess of Argyll, Barbara Hutton, the author Ian Fleming, during the Second World War, Leeds Castle was used as a hospital. After the war, hospitality for prominent guests resumed, but on a scale than in the 1930s