Category:Defunct architecture firms based in New York City
Pages in category "Defunct architecture firms based in New York City"
The following 71 pages are in this category, out of 71 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 71 pages are in this category, out of 71 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Clinton and Russell – Clinton and Russell was a well-known architecture firm founded in 1894 in New York City, United States. The firm was responsible for scores of notable New York City buildings, downtown, Charles W. Clinton was born and raised in New York and received his formal architectural training in the office of Richard Upjohn. He left Upjohn in 1858 to begin a practice, and from then through 1894 he conducted his own significant career. William Hamilton Russell was born in New York City as well and he attended the Columbia School of Mines before he joined his great uncle, James Renwick, in his architecture firm in 1878. At Columbia, Russell had been a member of St. Anthony Hall, the secret fraternal college society, as Chapter House, at 25 East 28th Street, likely with Russell involved in the design work. Many of the important commissions related to real estate investments of the Astor family. Stylistically, much of their work conformed to a conservative Italian Neo-Renaissance style, after the deaths of the principals the firm continued in business, and in 1926 it was renamed Clinton Russell Wells Holton & George. For a time the English-born Colonel James Hollis Wells headed the organization, the firm remained in existence until 1940. for Clintons independent commissions prior to 1894, see Charles W. S
2. Alexander Jackson Davis – Alexander Jackson Davis, or A. J. Davis, was one of the most successful and influential American architects of his generation, known particularly for his association with the Gothic Revival style. Davis was born in New York City to Cornelius Davis, a bookseller and editor of theological works and he spent his early years in New Jersey and attended elementary school in upstate New York. In 1818, Davis went to Alexandria, Virginia, to learn the trade from a half-brother. Living mostly in New York City from 1823 onward, he studied at the American Academy of Fine Arts, the New-York Drawing Association, and from the Antique casts of the National Academy of Design. Davis made a first independent career as an illustrator in the 1820s. Picturesque siting, massing and contrasts remained essential to his work, in 1826, Davis went to work in the office of Ithiel Town and Martin E. From 1829, in partnership with Town, Davis formed the first recognizably modern architectural office and designed many late Classical buildings, in Washington, Davis designed the Executive Department offices and with Robert Mills the first Patent Office building. He also designed the Custom House of New York City, bridgeport City Hall, constructed in 1853 and 1854, is a later government building Davis designed in the Classical style. Rague, who was at work on the Iowa State Capitol at the same time and he continued in partnership with Town until shortly before Towns death in 1844. In 1831, he was elected a member of the National Academy. Unfortunately the Panic of 1837 cut short his plans for a series of like volumes, additions to Vesper Cliff were built in 1834. The 1840s and 1850s were Daviss two most fruitful decades as a designer of country houses and his villa Lyndhurst at Tarrytown, New York, is his single most famous house. The village of Skaneateles, New York, has at least two buildings designed by Davis, innovative interior features, including his designs for mantels and sideboards, were also widely imitated in the trade. Other influential interior details include pocket shutters at windows, bay windows, the Greek Revival style William Walsh House was built at Albany, New York, and Gothic Revival style Belmead was built near Powhatan, Virginia, in 1845. This building, fondly called Station 10, still exists and can be found in Newport, Davis built a similar pavilion for his colleague and fellow NYYC founder, John Clarkson Jay, on Jays Hudson River waterfront property in Rye, New York, in 1849. Although this building was taken down in the 1950s, the setting and garden where it was once located is part of a National Historic Landmark site. In 1851, Davis completed Winyah Park, one of eighteen or more Italianate houses he designed in the 1850s. Winyah was built for Richard Lathers, who had studied architecture with Davis in New York in the 1830s and it was situated on Latherss estate in the town of New Rochelle in Westchester County, New York
3. Cyrus L. W. Eidlitz – Cyrus Lazelle Warner Eidlitz was an American architect best known for designing One Times Square, the former New York Times Building on Times Square. He is founder of the firm presently known as HLW International. Eidlitz was born in New York City and he was the son of Lazelle Warner and influential New York architect Leopold Eidlitz, one of the founders of the American Institute of Architects. His father was of Jewish descent, his mother was Christian, Cyrus Eidlitz was the nephew of the noted builder Marc Eidlitz of Marc Eidlitz & Son Builders N. Y. C. and the grandson of the architect Cyrus Warner. The young Eidlitz was educated in New York, Geneva, Switzerland and Stuttgart, Eidlitz began working for his father. His first independent work was the 1877-78 reconstruction of St. Peters Church in the Bronx after it was damaged by fire and it had originally been designed by his father. His Romanesque Revival design for the Metropolitan Telephone Building on Cortlandt Street was the first purpose-built telephone building in New York City, by the turn of the century, Eidlitz embraced the Beaux-Arts style. In 1903, he formed Eidlitz & McKenzie with Andrew McKenzie, Eidlitz & McKenzie was one of the first architecture firms that put architects and engineers on equal footing. Eidlitz & McKenzie worked primarily on telephone buildings, but their best known design was for the New York Times Building for the publisher Adolph Ochs and their design used their expertise in connecting buildings to subterranean infrastructure. The building, the second-tallest in the city at the time, Times Square was named for the building. Eidlitzs other works include the Association of the Bar of the City of New York and it is still occupied by its original client, an unusual circumstance in a changing city. He also designed, with others, the Bell Laboratories Building, a National Historic Landmark, the interior decoration design of the Arnot Memorial Chapel at Trinity Church in Elmira, New York is also attributed to him. Eidlitz married Jennie Turner Dudley, who was the daughter of Joseph Dana Dudley and Caroline Felthousen of Buffalo, Cyrus Lazelle Warner Eidlitz died in New York City on October 5,1921. Eidlitz Notes Today in History, July 27, birthdate of Cyrus Eidlitz, Library of Congress American Memory
4. Charles C. Haight – Charles Coolidge Haight was an American architect who practiced in New York City. He graduated from Columbia University in 1861, before working as an architect, a number of his buildings survive including at Yale University and Trinity College. He also designed most of the campus of the Episcopal General Theological Seminary in Chelsea Square, the original brick buildings he designed for Columbia College, at the colleges former location on Madison Avenue, no longer survive. Haight died at his home in Garrison, New York in 1917, haights architectural drawings and photographs are held in the Dept. of Drawings and Archives at the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University in New York City. The house for the Sigma Chapter of St. Anthony Hall,1913, luke, Portland, Maine The Keney Memorial Clock Tower in Hartford, Connecticut Charles C. Charles Coolidge Haight architectural drawings and papers, circa 1874-1914. Held by the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
5. Heins & LaFarge – Heins & LaFarge was a New York-based architectural firm composed of the Philadelphia-born architect George Lewis Heins and Christopher Grant LaFarge, the eldest son of the artist John La Farge. Heins & LaFarge provided the architecture and details for the Interborough Rapid Transit Company, the two young men met at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and trained together in the Boston offices of Henry Hobson Richardson. Heins married LaFarges aunt Aimée La Farge, who was two years older than her nephew. In 1886, they opened their office, Heins was the man on the site, LaFarge was the principal designer. In 1888, a competition for the Cathedral of St. The cornerstone was laid December 27,1892, but unexpectedly, Heins & LaFarge completed the east end and the crossing, temporarily roofed by Rafael Guastavino with a tiled dome. The Chapel of St. Columba was consecrated in 1911, the hired a new architect Ralph Adams Cram, whose nave and west front would be continued in French Gothic style. The fine stained glass may be from Tiffany studios, or may be by John La Farge, the architects father, in Washington DC, the church, now Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle, was begun in 1893, to designs of LaFarge. The interior is rich with frescoes and mosaics and inlaid marble floors in full American Renaissance manner, the first mass was celebrated on June 2,1895, and the completed church was dedicated in 1913. The firm designed other Catholic Churches, including the Church of the Blessed Sacrament, Providence, RI, La Farge has been called Americas leading church architect. He held that position until his death in 1907, while serving in that capacity his office designed the Flushing Armory, Geneva Armory, Gloversville Armory, Medina Armory, Main Street Armory in Rochester, Oneonta Armory and Oswego Armory. The central Administration Building, offering an arched passageway to the outdoor spaces, has complicated domed spaces formed of Guastavino tile. University commissions were also in their oeuvre, at Yale, their rusticated Richardsonian Romanesque design for a chapter building of St. Anthony Hall, also known as the Delta Psi fraternity, stood from 1894 to 1913. Their ornamental iron gates were re-used in the 1913 successor by Charles C, in 1903 Heins & LaFarge were commissioned to design the Municipal Building for Washington DC. The Italian quattrocento design features tall, paired campanili at the west end, the firm sent two young architects, W. Marbury Somervell and Joseph S. Coté, to oversee construction on the site, who went on to establish a thriving architectural practice in Seattle. The cornerstone ceremony took place on November 12,1905, the cathedral was completed in 1907 and solemnly dedicated on December 22,1907. The cathedral reopened on March 18,1917, but with a roof over the crossing. The central repositioning of the altar in response to reforms of the Second Vatican Council has finally brought it into the position envisaged by the architects
6. Henry Franklin Kilburn – Henry Franklin Kilburn, FAIA, was an American architect active in late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century New York City who is particularly associated with church architecture. Born in Ashfield, Massachusetts, Kilburn served in the Union Army during the American Civil War, after the war, he went to study and practice architecture in Northampton, Massachusetts. Around 1869, at the age of twenty-five, he set up a practice in New York City and was elected a member of the New York Chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 1896. He was a member of the Architectural League of New York and he was elected an Associate of the American Institute of Architects in 1886 and a Fellow in 1889. Much of Kilburns work has not survived, and that which has, has been under threat of demolition or general dilapidation for many years. He worked in a variety of styles, producing all derivative work of other fashionable architects styles, including Richardsonian Romanesque and this was often due to his designing the more substantial additions or extensions of buildings. He established his practice in New York City around 1865, New York Colonial Club,127 West 72nd Street, New York City Residence of Mrs. Katherine Lorillard Kernochan,824 Fifth Avenue, New York City. Carrollcliffe, a private residence in Tarrytown, NY built to resemble a European castle
7. Napoleon LeBrun – Napoleon Eugene Charles Henry LeBrun was an American architect known for several notable Philadelphia churches, in particular St. Augustines Church on Fourth Street and the Cathedral-Basilica of Sts. Peter and Paul on Logan Square and he also designed the Academy of Music at Broad and Locust Streets. LeBrun later moved to New York City, where he established the firm Napoleon LeBrun & Sons, LeBrun was a son of the Napoleonic ambassador to the United States who, after the downfall of that regime, remained in the United States and settled in Philadelphia. LeBruns early architectural training began at the age of 15 when he was placed in the offices of Thomas Ustick Walter in Philadelphia, after six years with Walter, LeBrun left to set up his own office in 1841, eventually receiving as his major commissions the Cathedral-Basilica of Sts. Peter and Paul and the Academy of Music, as a young man in his twenties, LeBrun found opportunity in the booming industrial development of the Schuylkill Valley of Pennsylvania in the 1840s. His other early work includes the version of Trinity Episcopal Church, Pottsville. His design for the led to the commission for the Schuylkill County Prison when the county seat moved from Orwigsburg to Pottsville. He also designed the first Columbia County Courthouse in Bloomsburg and the 1854 Montgomery County Courthouse in Norristown, although both were later extensively redesigned and expanded, the notable marble facade of the Montgomery County Courthouse remains his outward and identifying creation. In Philadelphia, LeBrun was known for his churches, including not only St. Augustines. Peter and Paul, but also St. Patricks Catholic Church on 20th Street, in 1870, LeBruns son, Pierre, joined the firm, which became Napoleon LeBrun & Son in 1880, and in 1892 Napoleon LeBrun & Sons after his younger son Michel also joined. It was also instrumental in designing some of the earliest skyscrapers, LeBrun died in 1901 in New York City, and was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia. Firehouse, Engine Company 31 Notes Bibliography Dunlap, David W, from Abyssinian to Zion, A Guide to Manhattans Houses of Worship. Listing at Philadelphia Architects and Buildings
8. McKim, Mead & White – McKim, Mead & White was a prominent American architectural firm that thrived at the turn of the twentieth century. The firms founding partners were Charles Follen McKim, William Rutherford Mead and they hired many other architects, partners, associates, designers and draftsmen, who came to prominence during or after their time at the firm. The firms New York City buildings include Manhattans former Pennsylvania Station, the Brooklyn Museum, elsewhere in New York State and New England, the firm designed college, library, school and other buildings such as the Boston Public Library and Rhode Island State House. In Washington, D. C. the firm renovated the West and East Wings of the White House, and designed Roosevelt Hall on Fort Lesley J. McNair and the National Museum of American History. Across the United States, the firm designed buildings in Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Washington, other examples are in Canada, Cuba and Italy. McKim and Mead joined forces in 1872 and they were joined in 1879 by White, who, like McKim, had worked for architect Henry Hobson Richardson. Its vision was to clean up the confusion of American cities and imbue them with a sense of order. The firm retained its name long after the deaths of founding partners White, McKim, among the firms final works under the name McKim, Mead & White was the National Museum of American History in Washington, D. C. Designed primarily by partner James Kellum Smith, it opened in 1964, Smith died in 1961, and the firm was soon renamed Steinmann, Cain and White. In 1971, it became Walker O. Cain and Associates, lewis Colt Albro – who formed a partnership with Harrie T. Lindeberg from 1906 to 1914. Henry Bacon – worked at the firm from about 1886 through 1897, boring – worked at the firm in 1890 before forming a separate partnership with Edward Lippincott Tilton. Page Brown - worked with the beginning in the 1880s, went to California. Walker O. Cain – worked at the firm, he took it over in 1961, john Merven Carrère – worked with McKim, Mead & White from 1883 through 1885, then joined Thomas Hastings to form the firm Carrère and Hastings. Arthur Loomis Harmon – later of Shreve, Lamb and Harmon, Thomas Hastings – of Carrère and Hastings, worked with McKim, Mead & White from 1883 through 1885. William Mitchell Kendall, worked with the firm from 1882 until his death, Harrie T. Lindeberg – started at the firm in 1895 as an assistant to Stanford White and remained with the firm until Whites death in 1906. Austin W. James Kellum Smith – a member of the firm from 1924 to 1961, full partner in 1929, and he primarily designed academic buildings, but his last major work was the National Museum of American History. Egerton Swartwout of Tracy and Swartwout – both Tracy and Swartwout worked together for the firm on multiple projects prior to starting their own practice, robert von Ezdorf – took over much of the firms business after Whites death. William M. Wells – worked as firms first Chief Draftsman from 1879–90, often considered to be the fourth partner
9. Mowbray and Uffinger – Mowbray and Uffinger comprised an architectural partnership in New York City formed in 1895. Known for bank buildings and as vault engineers they designed over 400 banks in the pre-World War II era throughout the country, the principals were Louis Montayne Mowbray and Justin Maximo Uffinger Sr. Louis Montayne Mowbray was born 1867 in New York. A September 27,1883, article in The New York Times stated that he had admitted to the US Naval Academy. He died in New York in June 1921, Justin Maximo Uffinger Sr. was born May 7,1871, in New York City to German immigrants. He was born Justus Maximo Ueffinger but changed his name about the time of his marriage in 1905 to Marion I and he began studies at the City College of New York at age 13 and completed his studies in engineering and architecture at Cooper Union in 1891. He articled for renowned architect Richard Morris Hunt while at Cooper Union, by 1910 the family was living in Summit, New Jersey. He had two sons, Justin M. Uffinger Jr. and Donald Hoag Uffinger, after Mowbray’s death, the firm continued under its previous name until 1927, when it was reorganized as Uffinger, Foster, and Bookwalter. Justin Uffinger would retire in 1930 but continued to work as a consultant as late as 1940 and he died in Summit, New Jersey on November 24,1948. All are extant unless otherwise specified, in chronological order, Butler County National Bank,302 South Main Street, Butler, Pennsylvania. Now known as Historic Lafayette Apartments, this building was designed in a French Renaissance Revival style. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, this is one of two buildings the firm designed for small community, also see Butler Savings and Trust. Altoona Trust Company, 1128-1130 12th Avenue, Altoona, Pennsylvania, also known as Mid-State Bank and M & T Bank. People’s Trust Bank,183 Montague Street, Brooklyn, New York, rear addition by Shreve, Lamb, and Harmon. First National Bank, 125-129 West Crawford Avenue, Connellsville, Pennsylvania, the six-story building, demolished in 1997, had also housed Wright-Metzler Department Store, succeeded by Troutman’s Department Store. Mowbray Residence,874 Carroll Street, Brooklyn, New York and this townhouse was designed for the senior partner, Louis Mowbray, in a neo-Georgian style. Greenwich Town Hall,299 Greenwich Avenue, Greenwich, Connecticut, listed on the National Register of Historic Places and now serves as the Greenwich Senior Center. Somerset Trust Company,131 Center Avenue, Somerset, Pennsylvania and this Beaux-Arts building is noteworthy for its copper and glass dome. Newark City Hall, with John H. & Wilson C. Ely Dime Savings Bank,9 DeKalb Avenue and 86 Albee Square, Brooklyn, addition by Halsey, McCormack, and Helmer