Pages in category "Defunct planetaria"
The following 8 pages are in this category, out of 8 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 8 pages are in this category, out of 8 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. McLaughlin Planetarium – The McLaughlin Planetarium is a former working planetarium whose building occupies a space immediately to the south of the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, at 100 Queens Park. Founded by a grant from philanthropist Colonel R. Samuel McLaughlin and it had, for its time, a state-of-the-art electro-mechanical Zeiss planetarium projector that was used to project regular themed shows about the stars, planets, and cosmology for visitors. By the 1980s the planetariums sound-system and domed ceiling were used to display dazzling music-themed laser-light shows and this work also entailed the demolition of part of the planetariums facilities. Though attendance picked up when the museum reopened in 1984, the planetarium was forced to close on November 5,1995, the planetariums exhibits, artifacts and theatre facilities were subsequently dismantled and dispersed. For a brief period it housed the Childrens Own Museum and it is now used solely for offices and as a storage facility for the museum. Early in 2009, the R. O. M. announced that it had sold the building and site to the University of Toronto, in September,2014, the university announced preliminary plans for new facilities to be built on the site. Proposals for building a planetarium in Toronto date back to 1944, in November 1964 Canadian businessman Colonel R. Samuel McLaughlin announced plans for donating money directly towards establishing a planetarium in Toronto. He was inspired by the recent construction of the Hayden Planetarium in New York City, named after Charles Hayden, McLaughlin donated $2 million for the buildings construction, and gave an additional $1.15 million as an ongoing endowment. The University of Toronto, which owned and operated the Royal Ontario Museum prior to becoming a separate, provincially funded body, the building was designed by architects Allward and Gouinlock and by the engineering firm Stone and Webster Canada, Ltd. in 1965. Colonel McLaughlin unveiled a model of the building at his 94th birthday celebration and it was hoped that the building would be open by Canadas centennial in 1967, but construction delays forced the opening to October 26,1968. In addition to what was built, the plans also called for a multi-story parking garage, a 550-seat conventional movie theatre. These features were deemed too costly and were never built. O, the public theatre could seat 340 people at a time, and contained a sound system of approximately 25,000 watts. The dominant feature of the building is the dome, which rises 25.3 meters from the ground, and has an outer diameter of 27.7 meters. The dome structure is layered, with an outer waterproofed casing of reinforced concrete 4 centimeters thick, the projection dome was separate from the outer dome, and was 23 meters in diameter. Made of curved aluminum sheets, it was lap jointed to create a continuous spherical surface, the sheets were painted white and perforated with 2. 5-millimeter holes, which were designed to let sound through and reduced echoes in the cavernous space. On the wall opposite from the booth and coat check was an evocative quote from Dante Alighieri Divine Comedy. Admission to either facility allowed visitors to see exhibits in both buildings, though a planetarium show cost extra, the planetarium projector was the focal piece of equipment at the planetarium. It was a Universal Projection Planetarium type 23/6, made by Kombinat VEB Carl Zeiss in Jena, the planetarium projector was a 13-foot -long dumbbell-shaped object, with 29-inch -diameter spheres attached at each end representing the night sky for the northern and southern hemispheres
2. Montreal Planetarium – The Montreal Planetarium is a decommissioned public planetarium located at Chaboillez Square just south of downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It closed permanently in October 2011, the planetarium was opened in advance of Expo 67 and inaugurated on April 1,1966, by then-Montreal mayor Jean Drapeau. Its inaugural show, New Skies for a New City, premiered on April 4,1966, as president of the Board of Directors of Dow Breweries, Gendron convinced Dow to create a world-class planetarium in Montreal as part of the Canadian Centennial celebrations. The architectural firm selected for the project was David-Barott-Boulva, the chosen design had an astronomical theme and the exterior of the dome resembled Saturn surrounded by its rings. The Planetarium was built at a cost of $1.2 million on the site of the historic Bonaventure Station on Chaboillez Square near Old Montreal. The Planetarium produced more than 250 shows, was visited by six million spectators. The Planetarium was one of Montreals most popular tourist attractions, on October 10,2011, the Dow Planetarium presented its final show. The city-owned building has since been ceded to the École de technologie supérieure, the Rio Tinto Alcan Planetarium opened in April 2013 as the successor to the Montreal Planetarium. It is located near the Olympic stadium and the Biodome, the new installation has two separate theatres as well as exhibits on space and astronomy. The building is certified LEED Platinum
3. Independence High School (San Jose, California) – Independence High School, also referred to as IHS and Inde, is a public high school located in the Berryessa district of Santa Clara County, California, United States. The school is operated by the East Side Union High School District and its namesake is the United States Declaration of Independence, which celebrated its bicentennial in the same year Independence High was established in 1976. Independence is considered a school, with three specialized programs, called academies, electronics, finance, and teaching. Later magnet programs were extended into the arts and space technology. Independence students are called The 76ers and the mascot is named Sammy the Sixer, out of the sixteen high schools ESUHSD operates, Independence services the largest student population, with 3,054 students as of the 2013-2014 school year. Class size at Independence is an average of 26.8 students, Independence High School consists of over fifty buildings, each labeled with a specific letter. The four primary groups of buildings are referred to as the villas, including A-Villa, which includes the bank, B-Villa, C-Villa, which includes the disciplinary committee. During the fall of 2005, E-Villa was removed indefinitely, only to be used as the place for all music rooms. All villas are architecturally identical and surround a concrete tower in the middle of the school. From 1976 to 1979, the Independence High gym hosted San Jose State University mens basketball games, Independence also shares its campus with ACE Charter High School and Pegasus High School. Pegasus uses what used to be known as the L- Complex, ACE moved into the H-Complex and shares the K-Complex with science classes that are part of Independence. In the summer before the 2014-2015, Independences administration office moved from the H-Complex to the N-Complex when they were rebuilding it after a fire damaged the complex, along with the new administration offices, the school built a student center that quickly became popular with the students. B-Villas main building was affected by a fire in 2013. Along with a planetarium, the school also houses Olympic-sized racing and diving pools. The Luis Valdez Center for the Performing Art went under construction in the summer of 2014, in the beginning of the 2012-2013 school year, the district gave all the high schools artificial grass fields in the stadium. Independence also contains seven tennis courts, four baseball fields, the American was Independence High Schools Columbia Scholastic Press Association Gold- and Silver Crown-winning yearbook. In 2008, Independence High School confirmed that The American would cease due to debt accumulation. In 2011 the school yearbook returned, using a site called MBROSIA, in 2012 the school started using a different program with the company, Herff Jones
4. London Planetarium – The building known as the London Planetarium is in Marylebone Road, London. It is adjacent to Madame Tussauds and is owned by the same company, a famous London landmark, it was once a notable tourist attraction, housing a planetarium, which offered shows relating to space and astronomy. It closed in 2006 as an attraction and is now part of Madame Tussauds. From 2010 forward, the building once housed the London Planetarium houses the Marvel Superheroes 4D attraction. The only planetarium in London is now the Peter Harrison Planetarium in Greenwich, for its first five decades of operation, an opto-mechanical star projector offered the audience a show based on a view of the night sky as seen from earth. Between 1977 and 1990, evening laser performances called Laserium were held, in 1986 the planetarium was mentioned in the song Dickie Davies Eyes by Half Man Half Biscuit, which claimed that Brian Moores head looks uncannily like London Planetarium. Madame Tussauds subsequently announced that in July 2006 the Auditorium would open with a show by Aardman Animations about celebrities, to say farewell to the planetarium, Madame Tussauds allowed free entry to the show in its penultimate, week. Dr Henry C. King opened the planetarium and served as Scientific Director before opening and curating the McLaughlin planetarium in Toronto, john Ebdon, author, broadcaster and Graecophile was director of the London Planetarium. The London Planetarium no longer exists and it is no longer possible to visit it as a separate attraction, the web site is redirected to Madame Tussauds and here is a statement from their web site, In 2006 the Planetarium was rebranded and renamed the Star Dome. The Star Dome is part of the Madame Tussauds attraction and is included in the ticket price, please note that we no longer show astronomy-based shows From 2010 forward, the building that once housed the London Planetarium houses the Marvel Superheroes 4D attraction
5. Queen Elizabeth Planetarium – The Queen Elizabeth Planetarium or Queen Elizabeth II Planetarium is a former planetarium located in Coronation Park in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. It was the first planetarium in Canada, operating between 1960 and 1983, designed by Walter Tefler and R. F. Duke, it was named to commemorate the visit of Elizabeth II in 1959. The building of a planetarium was proposed in November 1958 by S. Frank Page as a monument to the visit of Queen Elizabeth. This was an alternative to a put forth by Alderman Frederick John Mitchell to build an observatory. The project proposal was supported by City Council in December 1959, in July of that year the Queen visited the site during her tour. The planetarium opened on 22 September 1960, the first director was Ian McLennan. The planetarium was hampered by a capacity of only 65. It closed at the end of 1983 and was superseded by the adjacent Telus World of Science, since closing the Planetarium has remained vacant, falling into a poor state of repair. In November 2016, the city announced plans to restore the planetarium, official web site of the Telus World of Science, Edmonton
6. Old Hansen Planetarium – The Old Hansen Planetarium at 15 South State Street in Salt Lake City, Utah has served many functions throughout its history. Originally built in 1904 as the Salt Lake City Public Library, after the planetarium closed and was replaced by the Clark Planetarium in 2003, the building was remodeled into the O. C. Tanner Company Headquarters, which opened in 2009. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979, the first public library in Salt Lake City opened in 1898 and was located in the top floor of the Salt Lake City and County Building. After the library outgrew the venue, the city began looking for a location to build a new library. The building would continue to serve as the branch library until October 1964. When the building was constructed, it was described as a combination of the Doric and Ionian styles of architecture and it was designed by Hines and LaFarge of New York City, and the local supervising architect was Frederick A. Hale. The library was three stories tall with a two story entrance pavilion constructed of limestone and 20,000 square feet of floor space. The roof was slightly flared, and the roofline was broken by a carved stone gable with a center arched window. The entrance pavilions sides were curved around the spiral staircases at both ends of the entrance foyer, the pavilion was divided into three sections by four columns, each bay contained oak double doors leading to the foyer. After going through the foyer, the reading room is revealed. In the center of the room stood a librarians desk made of steel and topped by golden oak, on the upper floor, the main auditorium contained seating for 350 people. Plummer had several conversations with Mrs. Beatrice M. Hansen, wife of the late George T. Hansen, in 1965 she donated $400,000 to the city to build the planetarium in memory of her deceased husband. After Mrs. Hansens death the building was renamed the Mr. Hansen Planetarium, Space Science Library and Museum in honor of the couple. During its operation, the planetarium attracted 20% of the population of the city and had the highest per capita attendance of any planetarium in the nation. The Hansen Planetarium continued operation until April 2003, when it outgrew the building and was replaced by the Clark Planetarium in The Gateway. When the Hansen Planetarium occupied the building, the doors of the entrance pavilion were replaced by a large sheet of glass. A mezzanine was added above the floor in the entrance pavilion for exhibit in the planetarium. The same firm that did the millwork for the 1904 building worked on these new additions
7. Yorkshire Planetarium – The Yorkshire Planetarium was a planetarium in the grounds of Harewood House, near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, from May 2007 until October 2009. The planetarium was funded until it was sold to Bradford College. The main attraction was the 12 metre diametre planetarium dome, there were guided tours of the sky by a live astronomer in the dark dome. Stars and planets were projected onto a negative pressure screen inside the dome by a Carl Zeiss ZKP4 star projector and this enabled visitors to gaze into the sky at the stars without the hindrance of light pollution and cloud cover while they lay on comfortable mats or deck chairs