Category:Defunct sports venues in Surrey
Pages in category "Defunct sports venues in Surrey"
The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Brooklands – Brooklands was a 2. 75-mile motor racing circuit and aerodrome built near Weybridge in Surrey, England, United Kingdom. It opened in 1907 and was the worlds first purpose-built motor racing circuit as well as one of Britains first airfields, the Brooklands motor circuit was the brainchild of Hugh F. Locke King, and was the first purpose-built banked motor race circuit in the world. Apparently drawing inspiration from the development at Brooklands, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway was built soon afterwards, requirements of speed and spectator visibility led to the Brooklands track being built as a 100 ft wide,2.75 miles long, banked oval. The banking was nearly 30 feet high in places, in addition to the oval, a bisecting Finishing Straight was built, increasing the track length to 3.25 miles, of which 1.25 miles was banked. It could host up to 287,000 spectators in its heyday, owing to the complications of laying tarmacadam on banking, and the expense of laying asphalt, the track was built in uncoated concrete. This led in later years to a bumpy ride, as the surface suffered differential settlement over time. Along the centre of the track ran a black line. By driving over the line, a driver could take the banked corners without having to use the steering wheel. The Brooklands Mountain Circuit was a section of the track giving a lap 1¼ miles long, running from the Fork to the rear of Members Hill. It was created in 1930 using movable barriers, on 28–29 June 1907, eleven days after the circuit opened, it played host to the worlds first 24-hour motor event, with Selwyn Edge leading three specially converted Napier cars around the circuit. A statement of intent had been made in 1906, and Selwyn Edge entered into a training program to prepare for the event. His car,804 was extensively modified, having a fuel tank, bodywork removed. Over 300 red railway lamps were used to light the track during the night, flares were used to mark the upper boundary of the track. Edge drove his car for the duration, with the drivers of the other two cars taking the more familiar shift approach. During the event Edge covered a distance of 1,581.74 mi at an speed of 65.91 mph. Women were not allowed to compete for several years, edges leading driver, was refused entry despite having been the first English-woman to compete in a motor race in 1903, and holding the Ladies World Land Speed Record. Edge completed 2,545 km at an average 106.06 km/h, the first standard race meeting would be held the next week, on 6 July. George E. Stanley broke the record at Brooklands race track on a Singer motorcycle in 1912
2. Kennington Common – Kennington Common was a large area of common land mainly within the London Borough of Lambeth. The area was notable for being one of the earliest venues for cricket within London, the common was also used for public executions, fairs and public gatherings. In 1600, the common was bounded on the south west by Vauxhall Creek and it extended over marshy land to the south west of the Roman road called Stane Street, now Kennington Park Road. There is a 1660 record of a common keeper being paid for grazing, in 1661, the Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens were laid out nearby. The large open space was used for a variety of purposes by people living on the southbank of the River Thames. Cricket has been played at Kennington since the late 17th century although there are no definite records, in 1725 players were known to use the Horns tavern as their clubhouse. This was recorded a year after the first known cricket match had taken place, other sports to have been periodically played on the common included quoits and bowls. People would gather at the common to listen to public speakers, in 1739, the Methodists John Wesley and George Whitefield preached to an audience of 30,000. On 10 April 1848, Irish Chartist leader, Feargus OConnor addressed up to 50,000 people at Kennington over a petition in support of the Land Plan, the Surrey gallows were located on the common. These were the south London equivalent of Tyburn when the area was still part of the County of Surrey. The gallows stood on the site of St, marks Church not far from Oval tube station. Records show public executions were conducted throughout the period that the common was also hosting cricket matches. In total 129 men and 12 women were executed at Kennington, the first person was Sarah Elston who was burned at the stake for the killing her husband on 24 April 1678. The last person executed was a forger on 5 August 1799, however, by then executioners possessed some discretion as to how much the condemned should suffer before death. Townley was killed before his body was eviscerated and his head was placed on a pike on Temple Bar. The earliest recorded use of the common for cricket was the London v Dartford match on 18 June 1724 and this has been classified a first-class match given that it featured the two leading clubs of the time. In August 1726, a combined London and Surrey XI played the Kent XI of leading patron Edwin Stead for a purse of 25 guineas, there was a very close contest on the common in August 1730 when London defeated Surrey by 1 run. The report said that it was thought to be one of the completest matches that ever was played, the London v Sevenoaks game on 12 July 1731 is the first known to have been played in an enclosed ground
3. Kew Green – Kew Green is a large open space in Kew in west London. Owned by the Crown Estate, it is leased to the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames and it is roughly triangular in shape, and its open grassland, framed with broadleaf trees, extends to about thirty acres. Kew Green is overlooked by a mixture of townhouses, historic buildings. In the 1730s, Kew Green was a venue for cricket matches. Most of the houses in Kew are built round the Green. The Green itself is a big triangular space, an 18th-century view, taken from a meadow to the east, shows Kew Bridge on the right, a small irregular lake with an island to the left. Kew Green was a venue for cricket in the 1730s. It was used for the second in a tri-series of single matches on Thursday,4 June 1730 when a Kent team led by Edwin Stead played Brentford for a £50 stake. On Thursday,27 July, the Whitehall Evening Post reported a great cricket match attended by the Prince of Wales, on Monday,4 September 1732 it was the venue for London versus Middlesex. There are no records of senior matches there after 1732 but Kew Green is still used for junior cricket today as the home of Kew Cricket Club. To the north of the Green is Kew Bridge, carrying the busy South Circular Road, which in turn runs across the Green, dividing it into a western part. At the south end is St Annes Church, Kews parish church, at the west end of the Green is Elizabeth Gate, one of the two main entrances into Kew Gardens. Near the northeast corner is Kew Pond, originally thought to have been a pond fed from a creek of the tidal Thames. During high tides sluice gates are opened to river water to fill the pond via an underground channel. The pond is concreted, rectangular in shape and contains an important reed bed habitat which is vital for conservation, the pond is managed in partnership with the Friends of Kew Pond. Kew Green is also a street address, the odd-numbered buildings face the west side, and the even-numbered buildings face the east. On the west side, Numbers 9–11, 17–25, 29–33, 49–51 and 55 Kew Green are all Grade II listed, as are Numbers 57–73,77, and 83. On the east side, Numbers 2–4, 18–22, 52–56, 62–64,90, and 96–106 Kew Green are all Grade II listed
4. Wimbledon Common – Wimbledon Common is a large open space in Wimbledon, south-west London, totalling 460 hectares. There are three named areas, Wimbledon Common, Putney Heath, and Putney Lower Common, which together are managed under the name Wimbledon, Putney Lower Common is separated from the rest of the Common by about 1.5 miles of built-up area of southwest Putney. Wimbledon Common, together with Putney Heath and Putney Lower Common, is protected by the Wimbledon, the common is for the benefit of the general public for informal recreation, and for the preservation of natural flora and fauna. It is the largest expanse of heathland in the London area, there is an area of bog with unique flora. The western slopes, which lie on London Clay, support mature mixed woodland, the Commons are also an important site for the stag beetle. Most of the Common is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, english Nature works with the Conservators on the management plan for the area. Wimbledon Common and Putney Heath are also a Site of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation, the Commons are administered by eight Conservators. Five of them are elected triennially and the three are appointed by three government departments, the Department of the Environment, Ministry of Defence and Home Office. The Commons are managed by the Clerk and Ranger, supported by a Deputy, a Wildlife & Conservation Officer, there are seven Mounted Keepers, two groundsmen, six maintenance workers and one property maintenance worker – some 23 employees in total. There are at least four horses which are used by the Keepers on mounted patrol, the Conservators are responsible for the annual budget of around £1m. Most of the revenue comes from a levy on houses within 3⁄4 mile of the Commons. The levy payers are entitled to vote for the five elected Conservators, the levy payers fall within three London boroughs, Merton, Wandsworth and Kingston. A windmill stands near the centre of Wimbledon Common as usually understood, here Robert Baden-Powell wrote parts of Scouting for Boys, which was published in 1908. In the 19th century the windmill was the headquarters of the National Rifle Association, eventually the headquarters were moved to ranges at Bisley. Two broad, shallow pools, Kingsmere and Rushmere, lie near roads on the parts of Wimbledon Common. The more remote Queensmere is somewhat deeper, being impounded in a small valley, Beverley Brook runs along the western edge of Wimbledon Common. The watercourse was the south west London boundary. Near Beverley Brook and Warren Farm are two Local Nature Reserves managed by the London Wildlife Trust, Farm Bog and Fishpond Wood and it may have been taken by the Legio II Augusta under Vespasian in their push westwards in AD44
5. Addington Hills – Addington Hills is a park in Upper Shirley, London, England. It is managed by the London Borough of Croydon and it was part of the old parish of Addington before the suburb of Shirley was developed in the 1930s. The site consists largely of woodland on a bed, with Londons largest area of heathland at its heart. It is a Site of Metropolitan Importance and it is a peaceful area with many pathways close to central Croydon. There is a viewpoint with views across Croydon and across to north London, including Docklands. It is served by Coombe Lane tram stop on Tramlink route 3, the park covers an area of 130 acres. The London Loop path runs through the park, the park is fully accessible at all times. Addington Hills and neighbouring Croham Hurst to the west and Shirley Hills to the east form part of a chain of open spaces in Croydon. The plateau drops sharply to the north, exposing the pebbles at the end of the gullies, to the north-west the plateau has been broken into by a number of steep valleys which are covered with birch to the west and oak to the east. Below the Blackheath pebbles an outcrop of less impervious Woolwich Beds was marked by a line of springs, Addington Hills borders Coombe Park on its north, and Coombe Wood on its south. The area was called the hill of Pripledeane or Prible Dean. The land was acquired in four parts over a 45-year period, in 1963 a viewing platform was provided by Alderman Basil Monk as a permanent commemoration of Croydons 1960 Millennary Year. The platform, which is north-west of the restaurant, is at the top of steeply sloping ground and provides views over Croydon. The nearby Shirley Windmill can also be seen, Addington Reservoir on the southern side of the Hills is the only area that is fenced off and not open to the public. The reservoir was built in 1888 and the Valve House was initially open to the public with refreshments being served from the ground floor, an outbreak of typhoid in 1937 was traced to the reservoir and the cafe was quickly closed and the area fenced off. Below the reservoir on the Coombe Road frontage was once Broadcombe Cottage, Broadcombe was the old name for the tract of land alongside Oaks Road at the foot of Addington Hills. Also in this vicinity was the Lamb Inn, according to tradition the site of an affray between smugglers and revenue officers. The heathland areas are dominated by heather and gorse, with some bilberry, drier spots are indicated by the occurrence of bell heather
6. Barnes Common – Barnes Common is common land in the south east of Barnes, London, England, adjoining Putney Lower Common to the east and bounded to the south by the Upper Richmond Road. Along with Barnes Green, it is one of the largest areas of land in London with 49.55 hectares of protected commons. It is also a Local Nature Reserve and its facilities include a full-size football pitch and a nature trail. The Common is made up of mixed woodland, scrubland. Barnes railway station is on the edge of Barnes Common, the Common is also served by London Buses routes 33,72,265 and 485. On Wednesday,11 August 1736, Barnes Common was the venue for an important cricket match between Surrey and London, which Surrey won by 19 runs. The match report in the Whitehall Evening Post on Saturday,14 August, refers to Surrey as Barnes, Fulham and it goes on to say that the return on Tuesday,17 August would be played in the fields behind Powis House. It extends the hope that the company keep a good ring which was very much wanted at Barnes Common. This is the time that a reference to the common is found in surviving cricket records. Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket, London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, Barnes Common Management Plan 2009-14 Friends of Barnes Common Map of Barnes Common
7. Mickleham, Surrey – Mickleham is a village and civil parish between the towns of Dorking and Leatherhead in Surrey, England covering 7.31 square kilometres. The parish includes the hamlets of Fredley and Westhumble, Mickleham lies near to the old Roman road known as Stane Street. Then, acquiring its Old English based name, the settlement lay within the Copthorne hundred used for meetings of the wealthy. Mickleham appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Michelham and Micleham and it was partly held by Nigel from the Bishop of Bayeux and partly by Oswald from Richard de Tonbridge. Its domesday assets were,7 hides,1 church,7 ploughs,3 acres of meadow and it rendered £10 per year to its overlords. Nearby Mickleham Down was the venue for a single wicket match on Monday,29 June 1730. The game was between two teams of three and played for a stake of £50. The teams, Surrey and Sussex, were described in a newspaper report as esteemed the best in the respective counties. The Sussex three won the match and this is the first and only reference to Mickleham in association with cricket of a senior level. Mickleham gets a mention in the 1815 novel, Emma, by Jane Austen, ninety Victorian workmen, considered navvies died in an accident when a tunnel they were working on collapsed, through Norbury Park, within the parish. The main place of worship is St. Michaels Church, surrounded by St. Michaels Churchyard, the church has a Norman west tower and a Norman chancel arch, raised in the 1871 restoration by Ewan Christian, who added neo-Norman aisles and east end. The Norbury chapel on the side is late Perpendicular, with chequerboard flint. The village has two pubs, a shop and an Italian Restaurant. The Mickleham Village Hall is on Dell Close and is available for hire, in the village are Box Hill School, an independent secondary school, located close to the village shop, St Michaels Infant C of E School and St Michaels Community Nursery. Roads The A24 bypasses Mickleham with a dual-carriageway bypass, railway Box Hill & Westhumble station, located across the A24, and towards Westhumble, provides a link to London and Horsham. Buses The 465 bus route runs every hour or half-hour between Kingston upon Thames and Dorking, via Mickleham village, due south of the village 300m from its main cluster of buildings is the manor and hamlet of Fredley where is sited the Field Studies Councils Juniper Hall. Here is the hotel that was frequented by Lord Nelson, 150m north of which starts the Zig-Zag road, across the Mole and the A24 is Norbury Park. In this is the Druids Grove which is an area of mature Yew trees, the surrounding area contains many Sites of Special Scientific Interest including the Mickleham Downs and panoramic beauty spot of Box Hill
8. Sanderstead – Sanderstead /ˈsɑːndərstɛd/ is a village in the London Borough of Croydon, situated on high ground at the edge of the built-up area of Greater London. From 1915 to 1965 it formed a parish in the Coulsdon, having been a farming community in previous centuries, Sanderstead is now essentially a dormitory village for commuters to central London and Croydon. The Grade I listed All Saints Church dates from the 13th century but was altered in later periods. Sanderstead station is lower down the hill and has trains to East Croydon and central London, Sanderstead was the place of origin of the Sanders surname. There is evidence of human activity in and around Sanderstead. North of the village at Croham Hurst, upon a hill, are circular barrows believed to be from a Bronze Age settlement. This is now part of an open space and the site is marked by a brass monument. A Romano-British homestead was discovered during the construction of the Atwood School, during the 1980s, when the school was extended, further excavation revealed the remains of several round huts, hearths, a brooch, and pottery, some of which hailed from North Africa. An Anglo-Saxon reference to Sanderstead can be found in the will, dated 871, of Alfred, the village lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of Wallington hundred. It later appears to have given to St Peters Abbey, Winchester by Æthelflæd, the wife of Edgar the Peaceful and mother of Edward the Martyr. Sanderstead appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Sandestede, and belonging to St Peters Abbey and it had a total household population of 26 including 21 villagers,4 slaves and 1 cottager. Its Domesday assets were assessed as 5 hides, and 10 carucates of arable land and it had 9 ploughs and wood worth 30 hogs. Its Domesday entry records that in the time of Edward the Confessor it was valued at 100 shillings, and now 12 pounds, the village was granted to Sir John Gresham by Henry VIII following the Dissolution of the Monasteries. It was passed to his son Richard who subsequently sold it to John Ownsted, Ownsted died without issue in 1600, and devised his estates to his two sisters and cousin Harman Atwood, with Atwood subsequently purchasing the shares of his joint legatees. The Atwood family had an association with Sanderstead, with inscriptions at the local church indicating a presence in the village from the reign of Edward II. On Monday,6 September 1731, the nearby Sanderstead Common was the venue for an important cricket match between Surrey and Thomas Chambers XI, Surrey winning the match by an unknown margin, on Monday,26 June 1732, Surrey played London on the common. The manor house, known as Sanderstead Court, was remodelled by Harman Atwood. This large country house was probably first constructed in the sixteenth century
9. Duppas Hill – Duppas Hill is a park, road and surrounding residential area in Waddon, near Croydon in Greater London. Duppas Hill has a history of sport and recreation. It is said that took place there in medieval times. Duppas Hill was a venue for cricket in the 18th century and is believed to have been used for a first-class match by Croydon Cricket Club as early as 1707 when Croydon played the London Club. It is recorded frequently in the 1730s as the venue of Croydon. In 1767, the nearby Caterham club, managed by Henry Rowett, the final mention of Duppas Hill as a senior cricket venue is on Wednesday,29 August 1798 when Croydon played Woolwich and were defeated by an innings and 2 runs. Duppas Hill was the site of the Croydon workhouse, in 1726 the Vestry of Croydon resolved to erect the towns first workhouse at a site on what was then called Dubbers Hill. The establishment was open by the end of the following year, in 1836 it became the Croydon Poor Law Union workhouse. There has been a park at Duppas Hill since 1865. It was laid out paths, a bandstand, pavilion. The Board of Health had to deal with cattle trespassing, drinking booths, some of the Board wanted to ban horse-riding completely on the public open space, others to ban grooms exercising horses but not the general public riding for pleasure. The ground was used for celebrations and firework displays. On the eve of the 1926 General Strike, it was the venue of a rally of trade unionists. In World War II it hosted a match between American and Canadian soldiers. Today the park is still a recreation ground and cricket is played there. Part of the site was used as the Heath Clark school, later part of Croydon College, the road is a section of the Ewell to Orpington A232 road, preceded by Stafford Road to the west and succeeded by the Croydon Flyover to the east. It is a no-stopping Red Route for its entire length, list of Parks and Open Spaces in Croydon Buckley, G. B. Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket, hidden History in Croydons Parks, Croydon Council History of Duppas Hill, Croydon Council From Lads to Lords – profile CricketArchive – Duppas Hill
10. Mitcham Cricket Green – Mitcham Cricket Green is a cricket ground in Mitcham, south London. It is the home of Mitcham Cricket Club and is reportedly the oldest cricket ground still in use, in the 19th century, the Australian cricket team would stay at The Cricketers pub which overlooks the green and practise on the green whilst on tour. The pub also held the changing rooms for the club during the late 18th century, the present pavilion was built in 1904 and is rare in being one of only a few cricket pavilions to be separated from the ground by a road. Surrey County Cricket Club first used the ground in 1949 for a match in the Minor Counties Championship, surrey continued to use the ground for 2nd XI matches until 1973. Its first usage in the Second XI Championship was for a match in 1959, surrey has never used Mitcham for a first-class match. Ian Botham made a guest appearance with the Queens Jubilee Baton, the match was a two innings affair. The Cricket Green also lends its name to the nearby area, fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. From Lads to Lords, The History of Cricket,1300 –1787, archived from the original on June 29,2011. CS1 maint, Unfit url Mitcham Cricket Green