Category:Defunct state constitutions of the United States
Pages in category "Defunct state constitutions of the United States"
The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Constitution of the Republic of Texas – The Constitution of the Republic of Texas was the supreme law of Texas from 1836 to 1845. On March 2,1836, Texas declared itself an independent republic due to a lack of support from the United States in their revolutionary movement, the declaration of independence was written by George Childress. It was modeled after the one written by Thomas Jefferson with alterations to fit the current situation. A copy of the Constitution of the Republic of Texas was included with the declaration of independence, the constitution borrowed language from the U. S. Constitution along with the constitutions of several southern states and it formed a unitary republic, rather than a federal one as defined in the U. S. Constitution. Presidential terms were established at three years and they could not succeed themselves, modeling after provisions in the Mexican Constitution, the constitution also protected the right to own slaves and prohibited Indians and Africans from living freely in the country and from becoming Texan citizens. A constitutional convention began following the declaration of independence and a government was put into place. The convention adopted a document on March 16,1836 and adjourned on March 17,1836, following the defeat of Santa Anna at San Jacinto on April 22,1836, war with Mexico was over. When June came around, the Republic of Texas had de facto independence as they were unrecognized by Mexico, following the September elections, the constitution was ratified, Sam Houston was elected President with Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar as his Vice President. On March 1,1845, the U. S. enacted a joint resolution proposing the annexation of Texas to the United States. On June 23,1845, the Texan Congress accepted the U. S. Congress joint resolution, a Texas convention debated the annexation offer and almost unanimously passed an ordinance assenting to it on July 4,1845. The convention debated through August 28, and adopted the Constitution of the State of Texas on August 27,1845, the citizens of Texas approved an annexation ordinance and new constitution on October 13,1845. On December 29,1845, the United States admitted the State of Texas to the Union, the Constitution of the Republic of Texas contains nine portions, six Articles, Schedule, General Provisions, and Declaration of Rights. Article I establishes the three branches of government, Legislative, Executive, and Judicial and it contains sections that define in greater detail the Legislative branch. The Legislature is defined as a Senate and House of Representatives that are to be called The Congress of the Republic of Texas, members of the House are to be chosen on the first Monday of September and to hold their office for one year until other provisions are made. Senators are chosen by their districts equal in population, this only counts the white population. The number of senators is to never be less than one third or more than one half of Representatives, each district is to have one member. Senators are chosen for a term on the first Monday of September
2. Maryland Constitution of 1776 – The Maryland Constitution of 1776 was the first of four constitutions under which the U. S. state of Maryland has been governed. It was that states basic law from its adoption in 1776 until the Maryland Constitution of 1851 took effect on July 4 of that year. In the months before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War and this group made preparations to form a new government for Maryland and sent representatives to participate in the Continental Congress. of the people only. On August 1, all freemen with property elected delegates for the Maryland Constitutional Convention of 1776 and they began meeting on August 14, drafted the constitution, and adjourned on November 11. The document was not submitted to the people for ratification, the Assembly of Freemen would not meet again, as it was replaced by the new state government established by the 1776 constitution. Thomas Johnson became the states first elected governor, the document included a Declaration of Rights. This, among other things, ended the position of the Church of England as the state-supported religion, free blacks who met the property qualifications continued to be eligible to vote. The declaration was more than a bill of rights, which certain rights which are reserved to the people. The declaration stated that all power emanated from the people and that the governors were accountable to the people, the 1776 constitution defined the Maryland General Assembly, a bicameral legislature consisting of the Maryland House of Delegates and Maryland State Senate. It acknowledged the power of county governments in administering their own affairs, the constitution stipulated that new amendments could be passed by two consecutive sessions of the house of delegates. Despite the declaration that all power emanates from the people, the document kept political power in the hands of the citizens who met a minimum property requirement. When adopted, the 1776 constitution allowed 20,000 of the 300, slaves and women could not vote, nor did they have equal rights to men. Only Christians could hold office until 1826, when legislation was adopted allowing Jews to hold office and have equal rights and they directly elected delegates to the Maryland General Assembly and indirectly elected State Senators. Voters would elect Senatorial Electors every five years and these men would then meet together to elect a fifteen-member Senate, nine members from the Western Shore and six members from the Eastern Shore. If a Senate vacancy occurred between elections, then the Senate itself selected a replacement, the Governor was elected by the joint legislature, not by the people directly. And most local offices were appointed by the Governor, with the concurrence of his Executive Council, the 1776 constitution was amended 66 times, most notably in 1837, to, among other things, provide for a popularly elected governor, instead of one chosen by the legislature. The constitution was initially about 8,800 words long, the several amendments added to it between 1792 and 1846 brought its total length to about 15,200 words. Black men who met the property requirement could vote until 1810, from Revolution to Revolution, Eighteenth-Century Maryland
3. Maryland Constitution of 1864 – The Maryland Constitution of 1864 was the third of the four constitutions which have governed the U. S. state of Maryland. A controversial product of the Civil War and in only until 1867, when the states present constitution was adopted. The 1864 constitution was largely the product of strong Unionists, who had control of the state at the time, the document outlawed slavery, disenfranchised Southern sympathizers, and reapportioned the General Assembly based upon the number of white inhabitants. This provision further diminished the power of the counties where the majority of the states large former slave population lived. One of the goals was to reduce the influence of Southern sympathizers. The convention which drafted the document convened on April 27,1864, the constitution was then submitted to the people for ratification on October 13,1864. It was approved by a vote of 30,174 to 29,799 and this was a very controversial result, since the state, though part of the Union, still had many Confederate ties and sympathies. The tally of those voting at their usual polling places was opposed to this Constitution by 29,536 to 27,541, however, the constitution secured ratification after the soldiers votes were tallied. Soldiers from Maryland serving in the Union Army voted overwhelmingly in favor,2,633 to 263. By design, the constitution disenfranchised those Marylanders who had left the state to fight for or live in the Confederacy or who had given it any aid, comfort, countenace, or support. It also made it difficult for them to regain the rights of citizenship and required office-holders to take a new oath of allegiance to support the state and union. The constitution did emancipate the slaves, but this did not mean equality, the franchise was restricted to white males. Marylands 1864 constitution created for the first time the position of Lieutenant Governor, the office was held by only one person, Christopher C. Cox, until a 1971 amendment to the 1867 constitution re-created the position, politics and Law Whitman H. Ridgway. Http, //aomol. net/html/conventions3. html The Archives of Maryland extensive site on Constitution of 1864, includes Debates, Precedings, list of members, etc
4. Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776 – Constitution and 1791 U. S. Bill of Rights did. It was drafted by Robert Whitehill, Timothy Matlack, Dr. Thomas Young, George Bryan, James Cannon and it contained several innovations that were quite radical for that era, including these, Voting franchise for all men who had paid taxes, without property qualifications. A unicameral legislature, with members elected for one term, a twelve-member Supreme Executive Council to administer the government. A judiciary appointed by the legislature for seven-year terms, removable at any time, the provision that all approved legislation could to be enacted only at the next session of the Assembly so the people of the state could assess the utility of the proposed law. A President elected by the Assembly and Council together, Thomas Wharton Jr. was chosen in 1777 to be the first President of the Supreme Executive Council. A Council of Censors to conduct an evaluation of the activities and it could censure actions by the government deemed to have violated the constitution. The Council of Censors was the body with the authority to call a convention to amend the constitution. The constitution also established Pennsylvanias official title, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, three other states are presently self-designated as commonwealths. Additionally, the Constitution was the template from which Vermonts 1777 constitution, the Pennsylvania constitution includes a declaration of rights that coincides with the Virginia Declaration of Rights in 1776. Text A DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE INHABITANTS OF THE COMMONWEALTH and that THE PEOPLE of this State have the sole, exclusive, and inherent right of governing, and regulating, the internal police of the same. That in controversies respecting property, and in suits between man and man, the parties have a right to trial by jury, which ought to be held sacred. That the people have a right to freedom of speech, and of writing, a Peoples History of the United States
5. Constitution of Vermont (1777) – The first Constitution of Vermont was drafted in July 1777, almost five months after Vermont declared itself an independent country, now frequently called the Vermont Republic. It was in effect until its revision in 1786. The second Constitution of Vermont went into effect in 1786 and lasted until 1793, in 1791 Vermont became the fourteenth US state and in 1793 it adopted its current constitution. The 1777 constitution was the first in what is now the territory of the United States to prohibit slavery, grant suffrage to non-landowning males. The constitution was adopted on July 8,1777, at the tavern in Windsor now known as the Old Constitution House, the constitution consisted of three main parts. The second part of the 1777 constitution was Chapter 1, a Declaration of the Rights of the Inhabitants of the State of Vermont. While this was the first such partial ban on slavery in the New World, it was not strongly enforced, see also History of slavery in Vermont. This established the principles of eminent domain in Vermont. The third article established freedom of religion, the fourth through seventh articles subordinated the government to the interests of the people. The eighth article gave all freemen the right to vote, the ninth article said that since everyone has a right to be protected in his life, liberty, and property, that he ought to contribute his share to the expense of that protection. The tenth through thirteenth articles concerned due process of law, the fourteenth and fifteenth articles concerned freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to bear arms, and the subordination of the military to the civil power. The seventeenth article recognizes a right to emigrate, the eighteenth article recognizes rights of assembly and petition. The nineteenth article says no one should be liable to be transported from Vermont to any place to be tried for offenses committed in Vermont. Chapter 2 of the Constitution is called A Plan or Frame of Government and it vests executive power in the governor and council, and legislative power in the House of Representatives, and requires a court of justice to be established in every county. Section V prescribes universal military training, section VI says every man at least 21 years old may vote if they take an oath promising to vote consistently with the interests of the state of Vermont. Sections VII through IX and XI through XVI provide for election of legislators. Section X says the legislature is to elect delegates to the Continental Congress, Sections XVII and XVIII deal with the powers of the governor and council, in particular making the governor the commander-in-chief of the military. Sections XXI through XXVI deal with courts of law, in particular the supreme court, Chapter 2 continues through 44 Sections