Category:Demolished sports venues in Pennsylvania
Pages in category "Demolished sports venues in Pennsylvania"
The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 44th and Parkside Ballpark – It was built by the Pennsylvania Railroad YMCA. The field was used as a multi-sport athletic field used by the local community. During the 1930s the field was the site of football games of Overbrook High School. Overbrook also played their home games there. For example, the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy held 1906 Commencement Week Athletic Games at the field, the independent Norfolk Black Bombers all-black barnstorming football team played the Washington Willow Trees on Thanksgiving Day 1942 at the park. Stars co-owner Eddie Gottlieb organized a baseball team called the All-Phillies which played at the field in its later years. The field first opened on May 3,1903, the ballpark itself was erected in the 1920s. Lights were added in 1933 to allow for night games, behind the parks right-field fence stood the roundhouse of the main yard of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Stars player Stanley Glenn would later recount how smoke and soot from the trains would waft into the ballpark. Glenn recalls that the Stars would often stop their games until the smoke had cleared from the field, players recalled the field being rarely manicured resulting in the grass growing high. Ballpark capacity is said to have been 5,000 to 6,000 people, overflow crowds would bring attendance up to 10,000. The Pennsylvania Railroad supported its employees through its sponsorship of the Pennsylvania Railroad YMCA, Philadelphias Pennsylvania Railroad YMCA building was located at 41st Street and Westminster Avenue in West Philadelphia and was dedicated in 1894. Also that year, the YMCA began to sponsor the Pennsylvania Railroads employee football team which had existed since 1886 and this Railroad-YMCA team played against local college and athletic club teams. Players were former college players employed by the Railroad, the Railroaders played home games until 1902 at a field at 52nd and Jefferson Streets. The YMCA opened their new field at Belmont and Parkside Avenues on May 2,1903, the ballpark was owned by the Pennsylvania Railroad and Stars co-owner Eddie Gottlieb leased it from the Railroad for the club. Biographer Mark Ribowsky documented that Pittsburgh Crawfords catcher Josh Gibson hit a home run in a game against the Stars early in the 1936 season that flew out of the ballpark. The ballpark was home to another incident, in which Satchel Paige was working on a perfect game through eight innings. In the ninth, after three intentional walks, Paige was so sure of himself that he told his seven fielders to lie down on the field, Paige struck out the side on nine pitches
2. Baker Bowl – Baker Bowl is the best-known popular name of a baseball park that formerly stood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Its formal name, painted on its wall, was National League Park. It was also known as Philadelphia Park or Philadelphia Base Ball Grounds / Park. It was on a city block bounded by N. Broad St. W. Huntingdon St. N. 15th St. and W. Lehigh Avenue, the ballpark was initially built in 1887. It was constructed by Phillies owners AJ Reach and John Rogers, the ballpark cost $80,000 and had a capacity of 12,500. At that time the media praised it as state-of-the-art, in that dead-ball era, the outfield was enclosed by a relatively low wall all around. Center field was close, with the railroad tracks running behind it. Later, the tracks were lowered and the field was extended over top of them, bleachers were built in left field, and over time various extensions were added to the originally low right field wall, resulting in the famous 60-foot fence. The ballparks second incarnation opened in 1895 and it was notable for having the first cantilevered upper deck in a sports stadium, and was the first ballpark to use steel and brick for the majority of its construction. By comparison, the Green Monster at Fenway Park is 37 feet high and 310 feet away, the Baker wall was a rather difficult task to surmount. The wall was an amalgam of different materials and it was originally a relatively normal-height masonry structure. When it became clear that it was too soft a home run touch, the barrier was extended upward using more masonry, wood, and a metal pipe-and-wire screen. The masonry in the part of the wall was extremely rough. The clubhouse was located above and behind the field wall. No batter ever hit a ball over the clubhouse, but Rogers Hornsby once hit a ball through a window, the ballpark, shoehorned as it was into the Philadelphia city grid, acquired a number of nicknames over the years. Baker Bowl is the name, and is nearly always referred to by that name in histories of the Phillies. The prosaic Philadelphia Baseball Grounds or Philadelphia Baseball Park was the often used by sportswriters prior to the Baker era
3. Civic Arena (Pittsburgh) – Civic Arena was an arena located in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Civic Arena primarily served as the home to the Pittsburgh Penguins, the first roof opening was during a July 4,1962 Carol Burnett show to which she exclaimed Ladies and Gentlemen. I present the sky. Constructed in 1961 for use by the Pittsburgh Civic Light Opera, the structure was used as the backdrop for several major Hollywood films, most prominently Sudden Death in 1995. Their naming rights expired on August 1,2010 and the arena was again known as the Civic Arena. The Civic Arena closed on June 26,2010, the former Mellon naming rights expired soon after, and the Penguins and all other events moved across the street to the new Consol Energy Center - now PPG Paints Arena. After various groups declined historic status for the venue, it was demolished between September 2011 – March 2012, in its place, existing public parking lots in the area were expanded over the entire site. Two of the many streets stricken from the street plan when the Arena was originally built were subsequently re-extended back through the site, Wylie Street. The Penguins have the rights to redevelop the property and a plan exists for residential units. The US$22 million arena was completed for the CLO in 1961, mayor David L. Kaufmann announced his intention on December 1,1948 to find a new home for the group. Funding was provided by a combination of public and private money, including grants from Allegheny County, the City of Pittsburgh, the arenas design incorporated 2,950 tons of stainless steel from Pittsburgh. To make room for the arena, the city used eminent domain to displace 8,000 residents and 400 businesses from the lower Hill District, demolition began in 1955 and was finished by 1960. On July 21,1959 a steel strike halted work on the arena, the Arena was designed for the CLO, which previously held productions at Pitt Stadium. The roof, which was supported by a 260-foot arch, was free of internal support leaving no obstruction for the seats within, the roof, which had a diameter of 415 feet, was divided into eight sections. Six of the sections could fold underneath two—in 2½ minutes—making the Civic Arena the worlds first major sports stadium with a retractable roof. A total of 42 trucks mounted on 78 wheels,30 of which were individually driven, the trucks, gear motors and 480-volt AC motor drive that moved the roof sections were designed and manufactured by Heyl & Patterson Inc. a local specialist engineering firm. The stadiums capacity fluctuated depending on the event being hosted, but was increased due to additions between 1972 and 1991, the arena originally consisted only of lower bowl seating, but over time, upper decks were installed in the arenas end zones to increase capacity. In December 1999, Mellon Financial purchased the Arenas naming rights in a 10-year, $18 million agreement, white Way Sign created the arenas final center scoreboard, this one with a Sony JumboTron videoboard on each side, which remained for the arenas final sixteen years of use. On September 17,1961 the Ice Capades hosted the arenas first event, Major political rallies were part of the early history of the arena
4. Duquesne Gardens – The Duquesne Gardens was the main sports arena located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, during the first half of the 20th century. Built in 1890, the building served as a trolley barn. The Gardens opened 3 years after a fire destroyed the citys prior sports arena, over the years, the Gardens was the home arena of several of Pittsburghs historic sports teams, such as ice hockeys Pittsburgh Pirates and Pittsburgh Hornets. The Western Pennsylvania Hockey League, which was the first ice hockey league to openly hire and trade players, the arena was also the first hockey rink to ever use glass above the dasher boards. Developed locally by the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company, Herculite glass was first tested in Pittsburgh, most rinks were using wire mesh before the shatterproof glass was invented. Finally, the Pittsburgh Ironmen, a member of the Basketball Association of America. Outside of team sports, the Duquesne Garden Ball Room, located on the second floor, was also one of the largest dance halls in the country during the time. The Gardens was originally built in 1890 as the Duquesne Traction Company, in 1895, Christopher Lyman Magee, a Pittsburgh politician, spent nearly $500,000 to purchase and renovate the building. He renamed the structure the Duquesne Gardens in 1896, although it was called the Arena by the locals. The Gardens, which had the worlds largest indoor ice rink, speed skating, roller skating, dance contests, musical performances, roller derby, bicycle racing, and college basketball were all hosted at the Gardens, as were rodeos and the circus. The Gardens also featured Pittsburgh Golden Gloves boxing and housed a movie theater, the Duquesne Garden Ball Room, located on the second floor, has been used by some of the leading clubs and societies in the city for their annual dances. The building quickly became the site for all manner of gatherings, There were opera performances, boxing matches, however, the facilitys main attraction was its artificial ice surface, unrivaled in North America. Most other American cities lacked a facility that produced artificial ice at the time, on January 24,1899, the Gardens hosted its first ice hockey game in a match between the Pittsburgh Athletic Club and Western University of Pennsylvania. Over 10,000 turned out for our three games there, the general admission being 35 cents and 75 cents for a box seat. The Pittsburgh rink is a dream, what a marvellous place it is. The teams of the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League, and the Pittsburgh Professionals of the International Professional Hockey League, the Gardens artificial ice surface helped make Pittsburgh a professional hockey pioneer, much the way the region had given birth to the first professional American football players in the 1890s. Players in the WPHL were paid to play hockey before 1904, the Pittsburgh Professionals joined Canadian Soo, Michigan Soo, Calumet Miners, and the Portage Lakes Hockey Club to form the IPHL in 1904. However, after the 1906–07 season, other leagues began popping up
5. Exposition Park (Pittsburgh) – Exposition Park was the name given to three historic stadiums, located in what is today Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The fields were used mainly for baseball and American football from c.1879 to c. The ballparks were located on the north side of the Allegheny River in Allegheny City. The city was annexed into Pittsburgh in 1907, which became the citys North Side, due to flooding from the nearby river, the three stadiums exact locations varied somewhat. The final version of the ballpark was between the sites of Three Rivers Stadium and PNC Park. In 1903, the incarnation of Exposition Park was the first National League ballpark to host a World Series game. Named for other expositions that would be there, including horse racing and circuses. Despite its reason for construction Exposition Park II was built closer to the River, the Alleghenys played at the second incarnation of the park until they moved to Recreation Park in 1884, which was several blocks north and out of the flood plain. While the Pittsburg Pirates were playing games at Recreation Park, owners John Beemer. Lennon of the Pittsburgh Burghers constructed a park near the former site of Exposition Park I and II. Exposition Park III included a wooden grandstand around the infield. Total capacity was about 10,000 spectators, the seats faced the Allegheny River and the Point. The Burghers played at the stadium during the 1890 Players League season— both the team and leagues only season in existence, on June 10,1890, Jocko Fields of the Pittsburgh Burghers hit the first home run at Exposition Park III. The Pittsburg Pirates moved to Exposition Park the following season, on April 24,1891, Fred Carroll hit the first home run by a Pirate in the stadium. Under the management of Fred Clarke the Pirates won the National League pennant in 1901,1902, after the 1903 season, Dreyfuss and Boston Americans owner Henry Killilea organized a best of nine game series to match the two pennant winners against each other. The first World Series held three games in Boston before moving to Exposition Park with the Pirates leading the series 2–1, on October 6,1903,7,600 people attended the first World Series game in a National League stadium—the Pirates won by one run. The following day 12,000 people attended the game, forcing spectators to stand behind a rope in the outfield. The Pirates lost three of four games at Exposition Park and eventually the Series, during a July 4,1902 doubleheader against the Brooklyn Superbas, an Allegheny flood caused water to rise to thigh level in center and right fields, and about head level in deep center
6. Forbes Field – Forbes Field was a baseball park in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from 1909 to June 28,1970. It was the home of the Pittsburgh Pirates Major League Baseball team, and the first home of the Pittsburgh Steelers. The stadium also served as the football field for the University of Pittsburgh Pitt Panthers from 1909 to 1924. The stadium was named after British general John Forbes, who fought in the French and Indian War, the US$1 million project was initiated by Pittsburgh Pirates owner Barney Dreyfuss, with the goal of replacing his franchises then-current home, Exposition Park. The stadium was made of concrete and steel in order to increase its lifespan, the Pirates opened Forbes Field on June 30,1909, against the Chicago Cubs, and would play the final game that was also against the Cubs on June 28,1970. The field itself featured a playing surface, with the batting cage placed in the deepest part of center field during games. Seating was altered multiple times throughout the life, at times fans were permitted to sit on the grass in the outfield during overflow crowds. The Pirates won three World Series while at Forbes Field and the original tenant, the Pittsburgh Panthers football team had five undefeated seasons before moving in 1924. Some remnants of the ballpark still stand, surrounded by the campus of the University of Pittsburgh, in 1903, Pittsburgh Pirates owner Barney Dreyfuss began to look for ground to build a larger capacity replacement for the teams then-current home, Exposition Park. Dreyfuss purchased seven acres of land near the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, adjacent to Schenley Park, with assistance from his friend, the low-priced land was selected so Dreyfuss could spend more on the stadium itself. Dreyfuss signed a contract that he would make the ballpark, of a design that would harmonize with the other structures in the Schenley Park district. The site was initially labeled Dreyfusss Folly due to its long distance—a 10-minute trolley ride—from downtown Pittsburgh, official Pirates records show that Forbes Field cost US$1 million for site acquisition and construction, however some estimates place the cost at twice that amount. Charles Wellford Leavitt, Jr. was contracted to design the stadiums grandstand, a civil engineer, Leavitt had founded an engineering and landscape architecture firm in 1897. He had gained experience in steel and concrete constructs while designing the Belmont, based on Dreyfuss architectural requirements, Leavitt presented a plan for Forbes Field—the only ballpark he would design. Initial work on the land began on January 1,1909, nicola Building Company built the stadium in 122 days and play began less than four months after ground was broken, on June 30. The facade of the stadium featured buff-colored terra cotta spelling out PAC for the Pittsburgh Athletic Company, the light green steelwork contrasted with the red slate of the roof. Some members of the press urged Dreyfuss to name the stadium after himself, however, the owner decided on Forbes Field, in honor of General John Forbes, who captured Fort Duquesne from the French in 1758 and rebuilt a new Fort Pitt at the site. In 1935, after Dreyfuss death, there was renewed media interest in renaming the stadium Dreyfuss Field, however, a monument to Dreyfuss was placed in center field just in front of the wall
7. Shibe Park – Shibe Park, known later as Connie Mack Stadium, was a baseball park located in Philadelphia. It was the home of the Philadelphia Athletics of the American League, when it opened April 12,1909, it became baseballs first steel-and-concrete stadium. In different eras it was home to The $100,000 Infield, The Whiz Kids, Shibe Park stood on the block bounded by Lehigh Avenue, 20th Street, Somerset Street and 21st Street. It was five blocks west, corner-to-corner, from the Baker Bowl, the stadium hosted eight World Series and two MLB All-Star Games, in 1943 and 1952, with the latter game holding the distinction of being the only All-Star contest shortened by rain. In May 1939, it was the site of the first night game played in the American League, Phillies Hall-of-Fame centerfielder and longtime broadcaster Richie Ashburn remembered Shibe Park, It looked like a ballpark. It had a feeling and a heartbeat, a personality that was all baseball, when as many as 28,000 showed up to fill the 9,500 wooden bleacher seats, Shibe and partner Connie Mack decided the As needed a new place to play. He searched for a site for his new park and found one on Lehigh Avenue between 20th and 21st Streets, five blocks west of Baker Bowl, straddling the neighborhoods known as Swampoodle and Goosetown. It was still primitive at the time, an area of high bluffs, rain-washed gullies, quagmires, open fields, even ponds where chickens pecked. Although a grid of streets was planned for the area, few actually existed, without the hospital, the areas stigma would eventually dissipate, but at the time, the land was still a bargain. He spent a total of $67,500 on seven land packages totaling 5.75 acres, for the design and its execution, Shibe hired William Steele and Sons. Their engineering staff had worked with the new technology of steel-reinforced concrete, and designed and built the citys first skyscraper, the Steele design for the Shibe façade was in the ornate French Renaissance style, including arches, vaultings, and Ionic pilasters. The souvenir program on Opening Day called it a combination of color. Gabled dormer windows on the upper decks copper-trimmed green-slate mansard roof looked out over the streets below, presiding over all were terra cotta busts of Shibe and Mack above the main entrances on Lehigh and 21st. The signature feature of the design was the octangular tower on the southwest corner. On the ground floor was an entrance lobby. Bobby Shantz, pitcher for the As in their last years at Shibe, Shibe was proud of the egalitarianism of the design, he said it was for the masses as well as the classes. In April 1908, design in hand, the Shibes and the Steeles broke ground, with the resources of the Steele firm, construction was speedy, efficient and completed in time to open the 1909 season. The city was excited about its new ballpark – the Philadelphia Public Ledger called it a palace for fans, American League president Ban Johnson pronounced that Shibe Park is the greatest place of its character in the world
8. Spectrum (arena) – The Spectrum was an indoor arena in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Spectrum was demolished between November 2010 and May 2011, a more than a year after the arenas final event took place on October 31,2009. Ground was broken on the arena on June 1,1966, by Jerry Wolman, the first event at the arena was the Quaker City Jazz Festival on September 30,1967, produced by Larry Magid. The NBA 76ers also moved there from Convention Hall as a major league sports tenant. Lou Scheinfeld, former President of the Spectrum, explained that the name Spectrum was selected to evoke the broad range of events to be held there. The SP for sports and South Philadelphia, E for entertainment, C for circuses, T for theatricals, R for recreation, and UM as um, what a nice building. Scheinfeld also said that a seat in the citys first superbox initially cost $1,000 a year, For every Flyers game, Sixers game, circus, you name it, the Flyers won their first ever home game in this arena by defeating the Pittsburgh Penguins, 1-0. Bill Sutherland scored the arenas first goal, the 76ers moved their home games to Convention Hall and to the Palestra, but neither of those arenas had ice rinks at the time, and there were no other NHL-quality sites in the Philadelphia area. Similarly, in 1993, the Flyers played a day game against the Los Angeles Kings during a blizzard, a piece of flying debris smashed out one of the concourse windows, cancelling the game just after the first period. In the 1970s, the location on Broad Street and the reputation for fisticuffs that the Flyers had developed led to the nickname Broad Street Bullies. A plaque inside The Spectrum stated that it held the record for the fastest conversion from Hockey to Basketball. The Spectrum, along with the Met Center and The Forum, was one of the first sports arenas to have a scoreboard with a messageboard. Furthermore, the messageboards on the Spectrum scoreboard were the first dot matrix screens in pro hockey or basketball, capable of photos, animation, and replays as well as messages. This was replaced in 1986 with ArenaVision, which consisted of six 9-by-12-foot rear-projection videoscreens at the top, inside the videoscreens were General Electric projectors located 15 feet away from each screen. Two games in the inaugural Canada Cup hockey tournament were held at the Spectrum in September of that year, as the U. S. took on Czechoslovakia. Ten NHL or NBA playoff championship series were hosted at the Spectrum, the Flyers competed in the Stanley Cup Finals in 1974,1975,1976,1980,1985, and 1987. The 76ers played in the NBA Finals in 1977,1980,1982, the 1976 and 1992 NHL, and 1970 and 1976 NBA All-Star Games were also held here. The AHL Phantoms also won their first Calder Cup title on Spectrum ice before a crowd of 17,380 on June 10,1998, by defeating the Saint John Flames
9. Veterans Stadium – Veterans Stadium was a multi-purpose stadium in Philadelphia, in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. It was located at the northeast corner of Broad Street and Pattison Avenue, the listed seating capacities in 1971 were 65,358 seats for football, and 56,371 for baseball. It hosted the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League from 1971 to January 2003, the 1976 and 1996 Major League Baseball All-Star Games were held at the venue. The Vet also hosted the annual Army-Navy football game seventeen times, in addition to professional baseball and football, the stadium hosted other amateur and professional sports, large entertainment events, and other civic affairs. It was demolished by implosion in March 2004 after being replaced by the adjacent Citizens Bank Park, a parking lot now sits on its former site. As early as 1959, Phillies owner Bob Carpenter proposed building a new ballpark for the Phillies on 72 acres adjacent to the Garden State Park Racetrack in Cherry Hill, New Jersey. The Phillies then-home, Connie Mack Stadium, was starting to show its age, had inadequate parking, furthermore, in 1959 alcohol sales at sporting events were banned in Pennsylvania but were legal in New Jersey. The proposed ballpark would have seated 45,000 fans, been expandable to 60,000, the American Leagues Philadelphia Athletics had moved to Kansas City, Missouri after the 1954 season and Philadelphians werent about to lose another professional sports franchise. In 1964, Philadelphia voters approved a US$25-million-bond issue for a new stadium to serve as the home of both the Eagles and the Phillies, because of cost overruns, the voters had to go to the polls again in 1967 to approve another $13 million. At a total cost of $60 million, it was one of the most-expensive ballparks to date, the stadium was named by the Philadelphia City Council, in 1968, for the veterans of all wars. As early as December 1969, the Phillies expected that they would play the first month of the 1970 season at Connie Mack Stadium before moving to the new venue, however, the opening was delayed a year because of a combination of bad weather and cost overruns. The stadiums design was circular, and was known as an octorad design. Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego had been similarly designed, as was the case with other cities where this dual approach was tried, the fundamentally different sizes and shapes of the playing fields made the stadium inadequate to the needs of either sport. The Phillies played their first game at the stadium on Saturday, April 10,1971, beating the Montreal Expos, 4–1, jim Bunning was the winning pitcher while Bill Stoneman took the loss. Entertainer Mike Douglas, whose daily talk show was taped in Philadelphia, the emcee for the opening ceremonies was newly arrived Harry Kalas. Boots Day opened the game by grounding out to Bunning, larry Bowa had the stadiums first hit and Don Money slugged the first home run. As the stadium aged, its condition deteriorated, a hole in the wall allowed visiting teams players to peep into the Eagles Cheerleaders dressing room. So many mice infested the stadium that the security force employed cats as mousers, the final football game played at the Vet was the Eagles 27–10 loss to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the NFC Championship Game on January 19,2003
10. John F. Kennedy Stadium (Philadelphia) – John F. Kennedy Stadium was an open-air stadium in Philadelphia that stood from 1926 to 1992. The South Philadelphia stadium was situated on the east side of the far end of Broad Street at a location that is now part of the South Philadelphia Sports Complex. Bleachers were later added at the open end, each section of the main portion of the stadium contained its own entrance, which displayed the letters of each section above the entrance, in a nod to ancient Roman stadia. Section designators were divided at the end of the stadium between West and East, starting with Sections WA and EA and proceeding north. The north bleachers started with Section NA and it was built of concrete, stone, and brick on a 13. 5-acre tract. JFK Stadium was built as part of the 1926 Sesquicentennial International Exposition, originally known as Sesquicentennial Stadium when it opened April 15,1926, the structure was renamed Philadelphia Municipal Stadium after the Expositions closing ceremonies. In 1964, it was renamed John F. Kennedy Stadium in memory of the 35th President of the United States who had assassinated the year before. The stadiums first tenants were the Philadelphia Quakers of the first American Football League, the Quakers won the league championship but the league folded after one year. The Frankford Yellow Jackets also played here intermittently until the demise in 1931. Two years later the National Football League awarded another team to the city, the Eagles had a four-season stint as tenants of the stadium before moving to Shibe Park for the 1940 season, although the team did play at Municipal in 1941. It also hosted the Notre Dame-Army game in 1957, marking the time the Cadets have hosted the Fighting Irish outside of New York or New Jersey. The Pennsylvania Railroad and its successors offered game-day service to all Army-Navy games, the service, with 40-odd trains serving as many as 30,000 attendees, was the single largest concentrated passenger rail movement in the country. A. F. Bud Dudley, a former Villanova University athletic-director, the game was played at Municipal Stadium and was the only cold-weather bowl game of its time. It was plagued by poor attendance, the 1963 game between Mississippi State and NC State drew less than 10,000 fans and absorbed a loss in excess of $40,000. The Liberty Bowls best game was its first in 1959, when 38,000 fans watched Penn State beat Alabama 7–0, Atlantic City convinced Dudley to move his game from Philadelphia to Atlantic Citys Convention Hall for 1964. 6,059 fans saw Utah rout West Virginia in the first Bowl Game played indoors, Dudley moved the game to Memphis in 1965 where it has been played since. The stadium hosted Philadelphias City Title high school championship game in 1939 and 1978. St. Joes Prep defeated Northeast, 27-6, in 1939, Frankford beat Archbishop Wood, 27-7, in heavy rain in 1978
11. Three Rivers Stadium – Three Rivers Stadium was a multi-purpose stadium located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from 1970 to 2000. It was home to the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball, Built as a replacement for Forbes Field, which opened in 1909, the US$55 million multi-purpose facility was designed to maximize efficiency. Ground was broken in April 1968 and an oft behind-schedule construction plan lasted for 29 months, the stadium opened on July 16,1970 when the Pirates played their first game. In the 1971 World Series, Three Rivers Stadium hosted the first World Series game played at night, the following year the stadium was the site of the Immaculate Reception. The final game in the stadium was won by the Steelers on December 16,2000, Three Rivers Stadium also hosted the Pittsburgh Maulers of the United States Football League and the University of Pittsburgh Panthers football team for a single season each. After its closing, Three Rivers Stadium was imploded in 2001, a proposal for a new sports stadium in Pittsburgh was first made in 1948, however, plans did not attract much attention until the late 1950s. The Pittsburgh Pirates played their games at Forbes Field, which opened in 1909. The Pittsburgh Steelers, who had moved from Forbes Field to Pitt Stadium in 1964, were supporters of the project. For their part, according to longtime Pirates announcer Bob Prince, in 1958, the Pirates sold Forbes to the University of Pittsburgh for $2 million. The university wanted the land for expanded graduate facilities, as part of the deal, the university leased Forbes back to the Pirates until a replacement could be built. An early design of the stadium included plans to situate the stadium atop a bridge across the Monongahela River and it was to call for a 70,000 seat stadium with hotels, marina and even 100 lane bowling alley. Plans of the Stadium over the Monongahela were eventually not pursued, a design was presented in 1958 which featured an open center field design—through which fans could view Pittsburghs Golden Triangle. A site on the citys Northside was approved on August 10,1958, due to availability and parking space. The same site had hosted Exposition Park, which the Pirates had left in 1909, the stadium was located in a hard-to-access portion of downtown, making it hard in later years to get in before games and leave after games. Political debate continued over the North Side Sports Stadium and the project was often behind schedule, arguments were made by commissioner Dr. William McCelland that the Pirates and Steelers should fund a higher percentage of the $33 million project. Due to lack of support, however, the arguments faded, ground for Three Rivers Stadium was broken on April 25,1968. Due to the Steelers suggestions, the design was changed to enclose center field. Construction continued, though it became plagued with problems such as thieves stealing materials from the building site, in November 1969, Arthur Gratz asked the city for an additional $3 million, which was granted
12. Columbia Park – Columbia Park or Columbia Avenue Grounds was a baseball park in Philadelphia. It was built in 1901 as the first home of the Philadelphia Athletics, Columbia Park fell into disuse after the Athletics move in 1909 to the larger Shibe Park, and was demolished in the 1910s. Columbia Park was built in 1901 by the Philadelphia Athletics when the team was established, the site was a vacant lot on which manager and part-owner Connie Mack obtained a ten-year lease. It occupied the block bordered by 29th Street, Oxford Street, 30th Street, the cost of construction was $35,000. The stadium was very small, and originally had a capacity of only 9,500. This was eventually increased to 13,600 by the addition of seating in the outfield. During some sold out games, unofficial additional seating could be found on top of the adjoining homes, there was only one dressing room, for the home team, visiting teams had to change at their hotels. Although the ballpark was in Philadelphias Brewerytown section, beer sales were prohibited, the opening game in Columbia Park was held on April 26,1901, after the first two games were rained out. The Athletics played the Washington Senators in front of a crowd of 10,524, with some fans standing on the outfield walls. The Athletics lost 5-1, despite three hits by second baseman Nap Lajoie, during their tenure at Columbia Park, the Athletics won the American League pennant twice. The first time was in 1902, before the institution of the modern World Series, three years later the Athletics won again and faced the New York Giants in the 1905 World Series. The Giants won the series 4 games to 1, games 1 and 3 were held at Columbia Park. Both were shutout victories for Giants future hall of famer Christy Mathewson, the Athletics leased the ballpark to the independent Negro League club, the Philadelphia Giants. The Giants played at the ballpark while the Athletics were on the road, the Giants were the first club to play night baseball in Philadelphia when they played under portable lights on June 4,1902. The Philadelphia Phillies temporarily called Columbia Park home in 1903 while Baker Bowl was repaired after a collapse on August 8,1903. The Phillies played sixteen games at Columbia Park in August and September 1903, the stadium also briefly served as the home of the Philadelphia Athletics football club, before the team folded in 1902. The final game played at the park took place on October 3,1908, the lack of seating at Columbia Park was the main reason the Athletics left for Shibe Park. The sod from Columbia Park was transplanted to Shibe Park after the 1908 season, after the Athletics left, the park was almost entirely abandoned