|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dietitians.|
Pages in category "Dietitians"
The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dietitians.|
The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Ida Bailey Allen – Ida Cogswell Bailey Allen, once popularly known as The Nations Homemaker, was the author of more than 50 cookbooks. She was described as The original domestic goddess by antique cookbook experts Patricia Edwards, Allen was born c.1885 in Danielson, Connecticut. In 1924 Allen was food editor of the Sunday New York American, by 1928 she was hosting a regular daytime radio show which expanded to two hours the following year. She not only performed on the show, she produced and sold her own advertising. The program ended in 1932, at which time she began a syndicated cooking show on Columbia Network and she became television’s first female food host on Mrs. Allen and the Chef. She was an editor of Good Housekeeping, writing the Three Meals a Day column, as well as Home Economics Editor of Pictorial Review and she was President and founder of the National Radio Home-Makers Club. During World War II, Allens talents were drafted by the US Food Administrator as lecturer. She once lived atop 400 Madison Avenue, New York City where visitors were able to see the latest developments in homemaking, a 1932 promotional book she wrote for Coca-Cola, When You Entertain, was so popular 375,000 copies were sold in under six months. Allen died July 16,1973, in Norwalk, Connecticut and this is a partial list of Allens published works. For The Bride - Helpful Hints Practical Suggestions and Valuable Records, Home Partners, or, Seeing the Family Through, Privately Printed,1924 Cooking Menu Service. The Modern Method of Preparing Delightful Foods and your Foods and You, PF Collier & Son,1929 Service Cook Book #1. Ida Bailey Allens Modern Cook Book 2500 Delicious Receipes, when You Entertain – What To Do and How. The Service Cook Book No.2, educational Publishing Corp. for F. W. Woolworth Co.1935. Money-Saving Cook Book, Eating for Victory, ida Bailey Allens Step By Step Picture Cook Book. Gastronomique, A cookbook for gourmets,1962 Best Loved Recipes of the American People,1973
2. William Banting – William Banting was a notable English undertaker. Formerly obese, he is known for being the first to popularise a weight loss diet based on limiting the intake of carbohydrates. In the early 19th century, the business of William Banting of St. James’s Street. The royal undertaking warrant for the Banting family eventually ended in 1928 with the retirement of William Westport Banting, in 1863, Banting wrote a booklet called Letter on Corpulence, Addressed to the Public which contained the particular plan for the diet he followed. It was written as a letter in the form of a personal testimonial. Banting accounted all of his fasts, diets, spa and exercise regimens in his past, then described the dietary change which finally had worked for him. His own diet was four meals per day, consisting of meat, greens, fruits, the emphasis was on avoiding sugar, saccharine matter, starch, beer, milk and butter. Banting’s pamphlet was popular for years to come, and would be used as a model for modern diets, initially, he published the booklet at his personal expense. The self-published edition was so popular that he determined to sell it to the general public, the third and later editions were published by Harrison, London. Bantings booklet remains in print as of 2007, and is still available on-line, the popularity of the pamphlet mentioned above was such that the questions Do you bant. or Are you banting. Still occasionally in use today, refer to his method, in Sweden banta is still the main verb for being on a diet. Gary Taubes recent study of carbohydrates, Good Calories, Bad Calories, begins with a prologue entitled A brief history of Banting, discussions of low-carbohydrate diets often begin with a discussion of Banting. Banting was a distant relative of Sir Frederick Banting, the co-discoverer of insulin, bantings body is buried with those of his wife and daughter at Brompton Cemetery, London, England. Letter on Corpulence, Addressed to the Public, Banting Foundation The History of Dieting
3. St. Louis Estes – Dr. St. Louis Albert Estes was an American doctor and proponent of a raw food diet. He believed that one of the most common causes of sickness and chronic disease was an unhealthy diet and lifestyle. Originally a dentist, Estes was unhealthy and aged at the age of thirty, he began a raw diet and changed his health. Estes also believed in breathing techniques that would achieve maximum absorption of oxygen, one of his books, Raw Food and Health, published in 1927, is still a classic in the Raw, Living Food community today. Estes was born in Missouri and died in Los Angeles County, when interviewed for newspaper and magazine articles in the 1920s–1930s he claimed to be approximately 15 years older than records show that he actually was. Estes was the son of Louis A. and Emma Medora Estes, Estes originally practiced dentistry in Chicago, Illinois. His first wife was Clara Augusta Neimann Estes, and he had three children from this birth order, two daughters. Clara Lucille and Phoebe Estes, and a son, St. Louis Estes, the suits were eventually settled among the parties. During the late 1920s through the 1930s, Estes was particularly active with health lecture tours in cities throughout the United States. Mrs. Estes and whatever number of children were included in both the promotion and the tour program itself according to newspaper coverage of the day. In addition to his book Raw Food and Health, Dr. and Mrs. Estes established a company called Back to Nature, Back to Nature also had a complete line of vitamins and health food products. In the late 1930s, Estes and his moved to San Francisco, California. They later returned to Southern California and were residing in Van Nuys, California, in Los Angeles, CA in March 1941 Dr. St. Louis Estes filed for Bankruptcy, listing his debts as $245,369, and assets of $4,400. Estes and his wife had 12 children by 1938, raising them all on a raw food diet from birth and it was decided that Estes would name the boys, which he did as St. Louis Estes with the suffix II thru VII. Mrs. Estes named all the girls, the family employed a man by the name of Prince de Vigni, who claimed to be the last surviving member of the royal family of Silesia, to tutor their children four hours each day. Estes slipped and fell around the pool at the family ranch hacienda in Van Nuys. He fell into a coma and never recovered and he and his wife, Esther Estes, who died of breast cancer in 1963, are buried at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California. Dr. St. Louis Estes, Raw Food and Health, New York, Ivanhoe Printing The Evening Independent, St. Walker Herbert M. Shelton Ann Wigmore Raw foodism Raw veganism Juicing
4. Horace Fletcher – He made elaborate justifications for his claim. Fletcher and his followers recited and followed his instructions religiously, even claiming that liquids, Fletcher argued that his mastication method will increase the amount of strength a person could have while actually decreasing the amount of food that he consumed. Fletcher promised that Fletcherizing, as it known, would turn a pitiable glutton into an intelligent epicurean. Fletcher also advised against eating before being Good and Hungry, or while angry or sad, Fletcher would claim that knowing exactly what was in the food one consumed was important. He stated that different foods have different waste materials, so knowing what type of one was going to have in one’s body was valuable knowledge. He promoted his theories for decades on lecture circuits, and became a millionaire, upton Sinclair, Henry James and John D. Rockefeller were among those who gave his ideas a try. Henry James and Mark Twain were visitors to his palazzo in Venice and he lived in the Palazzo Saibante with his wife, Grace Fletcher, an amateur painter, who studied in Paris in the 1870s and was influenced by the Impressionists, and her daughter, Ivy. Ivy, later to become a journalist at the Daily Express in the 1930s, was often a pig for Horaces experiments. Although many people believed Fletcher’s laboratory reports, the more important eye-opener to doctors and it was here that he participated, at the age of fifty-eight, in vigorous tests of strength and endurance versus the college athletes. The tests included, “deep-knee bending”, holding out arms horizontally for a length of time, Fletcher claimed to lift “three hundred pounds dead weight three hundred and fifty times with his right calf”. The tests claim that Fletcher outperformed these Yale athletes in all events, Fletcher attributed this to following his eating practices, and ultimately these tests, whether true or not, helped further endorse “Fletcherism” publicly. Fletcher saw many similarities between humans and functioning machines and he posited several analogies between machines and the human body. Just some of the comparisons that Fletcher drew included, fuel to food, steam to blood circulation, steam gauge to human pulse, along with Fletcherizing, Fletcher and his supporters advocated a low-protein diet as a means to health and well-being. Fletcher had a special interest in human excreta and he believed that the only true indication of one’s nutrition was evidenced by excreta. Fletcher advocated teaching children to examine their excreta as a means for disease prevention, if one was in good health and maintained proper nutrition then their excreta, or digestive ash, as Fletcher called it, should be entirely inoffensive. By inoffensive, Fletcher meant that there was no stench and no evidence of bacterial decomposition, Fletcher was an avid spokesman for Belgian Relief and a member of the Commission for Relief in Belgium in World War I. By 1919, when Fletcher,69, died of bronchitis, his plan was already being replaced by the next approach to dieting championed by Irving Fisher and Eugene Lyman Fisk. Fletcherism, What It Is or How I Became Young at Sixty Intuitive eating Christen, AG, Christen, Works by Horace Fletcher at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Horace Fletcher at Internet Archive
5. Hu Sihui – Hu Sihui was a court therapist and dietitian during Yuan dynasty in China. He is known for his book Yinshan Zhengyao, that became a classic in Chinese medicine and he was the first to empirically discover and clearly describe deficiency diseases. The career of Hu Sihui, as he states in preface to his book, was in the reign of Buyantu Khan in Yenyu years. As tradition has it, Buyantu Khan, after years of expeditions. The vegetable soup prescribed by Hu Sihui cured the pains in 3 months, the Emperor grandly awarded Hu Sihui as the cause of this double joy. In 1330 Hu Sihui, no longer busy with the Emperor and his harem, completed and presented to the Court his book Yinshan Zhengyao, summarising the experiences of the court dietitian. Yinshan Zhengyao states that a significant number of diseases is caused by eating. The book propagated moderation, regularity and variety in food, proper hygiene and food storage and this book was the first to describe in detail how diseases are connected to deficiency of certain components in food. It was probably the first book in China to dwell on food poisoning, recipes presented show strong Han Chinese as well as Mongolian, Turkic and Persian influences. As Hu Sihui states, a variety of foods were known in the court since Kublai Khan. Taken as a collection of recipes and ingredients alone, his book is an important description of Medieval food of Eurasia. The section of recipes starts with a variety soups, barley, then noodles, many recipes represent Central and West Asian cooking traditions, roughly translated into Chinese categories, some even translated from Turkic languages. Two examples of recipes are, Wolf Soup, Wolf meat, tsaoko cardamom, black pepper, kasini, turmeric, adjust flavors of everything using onions, sauce, salt, and vinegar. Ming Dynasty, after occupying Beijing in 1368, started to combine Chinese cuisine from other regions with the cuisine of Yuan court. Jingtai Emperor of Ming personally wrote a preface to an edition of Yinshan Zhengyao, as a culinary encyclopedia, this book made some regional recipes aссepted as part of national cuisine of the whole of China. For example, it is this book contained a recipe of a roast duck that could be a predecessor of the widely known Beijing Duck. Buell, Paul, Eugene Newton Anderson, Hu-ssu-hui, ISBN 978-0-7103-0583-1 Husihui, Paul D. Buell, E. N. Anderson, et al. A Soup for the Qan Chinese Dietary Medicine of the Mongol Era as Seen in Hu Sihuis Yinshan Zhengyao, Introduction, Translation, Commentary, françoise Sabban, Cuisine À La Cour De Lempereur De Chine, Les Aspects Culinaires Du Yinshan Zhengyao De Hu Sihui, Médiévales, 32-56
6. Claire Loewenfeld – Loewenfeld was the founder of Chiltern Herb Farms in England, one of the earliest producers of high-quality dried herbs, and was one of the first members of the Soil Association. She wrote a number of books about nutrition, including Britains Wild Larder, Fungi, Claire was born in Berlin, Germany. Her parents were Arthur and Jeanette Lewisohn and she married Günther Emmanuel Loewenfeld on 5 July 1921. They continued to live in Berlin in the period following their marriage, both Claire and Günther were from Jewish families, however, Günther was brought up in the Protestant faith. Between 1923 and 1925 they spent their weekends with friends Fritz and Lily Pincus in a house, in Glienicke. In 1925 the Loewenfelds and Pincuses moved out of Berlin to adjacent rented properties which they shared on the Küssel, both husbands commuted to Berlin to work. By 1931 Claire and Günther had two children, Peter and Verena, likewise the Pincuses had two children, both couples also had their relatives living with them from time to time and as more living space was needed they decided to buy their respective properties enlarging and linking them. Das Haus auf dem Küssel as it had known was redesigned. Another close friend of both families, Paul Tillich, a German-American Protestant theologian wrote a dedication on the inauguration of their new home entitled, Space and Time in Dwelling. S. During early 1936 the Loewenfelds travelled to Syria and Palestine where they witnessed at first-hand the initial stages of the Arab uprising against British mandate and they spent the summer of 1936 near Cortina in the Italian Dolomites where they met Tillich who was on a European lecture tour. In Tillichs diary an account of their time in Palestine records, While in Palestine, Claire, once, the only thing that saved them was their Arab guide saying they were German Nazis. Hitler is the big man with the Arabs, mussolini gives them money to spite the British. From 1937 Claire and Lilys home in the Küssel provided a refuge for Jewish children, claires family continued to live in Germany until the latter part of 1938 when they left Potsdam because of the increasing likelihood of arrest. The Loewenfelds had made arrangements in advance for their belongings to be transported to England, meanwhile, Günther joined relatives in England and Claire travelled first to Switzerland before rejoining her husband in early 1939. The family settled in rural Buckinghamshire in 1941, during her time in Berlin in the 1920s Claire worked at an institute providing slides and illustrations for a university. In late 1938 Claire Loewenfeld studied at the Maximilian Bircher-Benners clinic in Zurich, during the Second World War, she worked at the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children in London, England as a dietician. As a result, a leaflet she had prepared called Wild Rose Hips in War Time and their Collection, Preparation and Use on how to exploit rose hips was immediately in huge demand. Over 18000 leaflets were sent by Claire to individuals as well as being distributed to schools and hospitals
7. Constanze Manziarly – Constanze Manziarly was born in Innsbruck, Austria. She served as a cook/dietitian to Adolf Hitler until his days in Berlin in 1945. Manziarly was born in Innsbruck, Austria, on 14 April 1920 and she began working as cook and dietitian for Hitler from his 1943 stays at the Berghof until his death in Berlin on 30 April 1945. Hitler took up residence in the Führerbunker on 16 January 1945, the Reich Chancellery bunker complex in Berlin was made up of two bunkers, the lower Führerbunker and the older upper bunker, known as the Vorbunker. Two rooms in the Vorbunker were used for food supply, another room was made up of the kitchen which had a refrigerator and a wine store. Manziarly used the kitchen to prepare Hitlers meals while he stayed in the Führerbunker, together with Gerda Christian and Traudl Junge, Manziarly was personally requested to leave the bunker complex by Hitler on 22 April. However, all three women decided to stay with Hitler until his death, Manziarly left the bunker complex on 1 May. Her group was led by SS-Brigadeführer Wilhelm Mohnke, and awkwardly made its way north to a German army hold-out at the Schultheiss-Patzenhofer brewery on the Prinzenallee, the group included Dr. Ernst-Günther Schenck and the female secretaries, Gerda Christian, Else Krüger and Traudl Junge. She was never again and is presumed dead. Constanze Manziarly has been portrayed by the actresses in film and television productions, Phyllida Law in the 1973 British film Hitler. Carole Boyd in the 1973 British television production The Death of Adolf Hitler, pam St. Clement in the 1981 film The Bunker Bettina Redlich in the 2004 German film Downfall