1. Galluzzo – Galluzzo is part of quartiere 3 of the Italian city of Florence, Italy, located in the southern extremity of the Florentine commune. It is known for the celebrated Carthusian monastery, the Galluzzo or Florence Charterhouse, the remainder formed the present commune of Impruneta. Some trace the origin of the name of the suburb to the Galluzzo or Galluzzi noble family, who were the regional biadaioli. Others maintain that the name Galluzzo derives from the old tavern located on the leading to Rome from Florence. However, this sign was simply a reproduction of the carving of a cockerel on a milestone on the side of that same road, historically a zone inhabited by artesans and agricultural workers, Galluzzo had relatively few inhabitants until the mid-19th century. The women of the region had for a time offered laundry services, given the abundance of running water, in addition to which they also produced straw plaits. Today, the heart of the nucleus is Acciaioli Square. Galluzzo is cited by Dante Alighieri in the XVI canto of The Divine Comedy, oh quando fora meglio esser vicine quelle genti ch’io dico, ed al Galluzzo ed a Trespiano aver vostro confine Florence CharterhouseGalluzzo – Galluzzo: Charterhouse.
2. Oltrarno – The Oltrarno is a quarter of Florence, Italy. The name means beyond the Arno, it is located south of the River Arno and it contains part of the historic centre of Florence and many notable sites such as the church Santo Spirito di Firenze, Palazzo Pitti, Belvedere, and Piazzale Michelangelo. A few months later, the shopkeepers association Confesercenti launched an initiative called Progetto Oltrarno, in order to open up Oltrarno to mass tourism, in autumn 2012, the district, which has almost no parks, lost the Nidiaci garden and playroom. The building and a part of the garden were sold off at an auction to a real estate company which raised a wooden wall to close the inhabitants out. What is left of the Nidiaci garden is kept open on a volunteer basis by an association of parents and residents. San Francesco di Paola, Florence Firenze-Oltrarno. net website including Oltrarnos historyOltrarno – Palazzo Pitti
3. Peretola – Peretola is a suburb of Florence, Italy, located on the northern extremity of the Florentine commune. It belongs administratively to Quartiere 5 - Rifredi and it lend its name to the nearby international airport and is claimed as the birthplace of Amerigo Vespucci. The village of Peretola was founded in the Middle Ages and it was greatly developed during the Florentine Renaissance of the 15th century, as it sat in a strategic location between two great communication roads, the via Pistoiese and the via Pratese. For much of its history, the village of Peretola was a dependency of the commune of Brozzi, until 1928. Peretola fell into portion assigned to the commune of Florence, and was integrated into the ward of Quartiere 5. A house in Peretola is claimed to be the home of the Vespucci family. Peretola is also the village of Tommaso Masini, nicknamed the Zoroaster of Peretola. Giovanni Boccaccio set the tale of Chichibio e la gru in the village of Peretola, the demon sets himself up in grand style with a Florentine wife, but quickly finds himself overwhelmed by her demands and flees to Peretola to seek refuge and restore his peace of mind. Machiavelli characterizes Peretola as a small paradise, an escape from the morass of Florence. The old village of Peretola is composed of streets, typical of a Tuscan country village, dotted with shrines. Some of these date from the 14th century, but most are from 17th and 18th centuries. Nearby is the Oratorio della Santissima Annunziata, built in 1821, just outside the old village is the 1510 chapel of Santa Maria Vergine della Pietà, with an octagonal-shaped dome, in imitation of the Florence cathedral. Nicknamed la cupolina, the chapel was once in open fields, but now is circulated by vehicular traffic from the via PratesePeretola – A street in Peretola
4. Settignano – Settignano is a picturesque frazione ranged on a hillside northeast of Florence, Italy, with spectacular views that have attracted American expatriates for generations. The young Michelangelo lived with a sculptor and his wife in Settignano—in a farmhouse that is now the Villa Michelangelo— where his father owned a marble quarry, in 1511 another sculptor was born there, Bartolomeo Ammannati. The marble quarries of Settignano produced this series of sculptors, Settignano was a secure resort for estivation for members of the Guelf faction of Florence. Giovanni Boccaccio and Niccolò Tommaseo both appreciated its freshness, among the vineyards and olive groves that are the setting for even the most formal Italian gardens. Mark Twain and his wife stayed at the Villa Viviani in Settignano from September 1892 to June 1893, Twain was very productive there, writing 1,800 pages including a first draft of Puddnhead Wilson. He said the villa afford the most charming view to be found on this planet, in 1898, Gabriele dAnnunzio purchased the trecento Villa della Capponcina on the outskirts of Settignano, in order to be nearer to his lover Eleonora Duse, at the Villa Porziuncola. Official website Villa Gamberaia, architecture Twain, Mark, The £1,000,000 Bank Note and Other New Stories, introd. by Malcolm BradburySettignano – La piazza di Settignano, Telemaco Signorini, 1880