Pages in category "Early revolvers"
The following 46 pages are in this category, out of 46 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 46 pages are in this category, out of 46 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 1872 Swiss revolver – The Model 1872 revolver was the service sidearm of the Swiss Army. It was later refined to the Model 1872/78 revolver, approximately 600 were manufactured in Belgium by Pirlot Frères. The Model 1872 and 1872/78 revolvers operated in single action and double action, with empty cartridges individually ejected by an ejector rod. They were very similar in design to the French military MAS1873 Chamelot-Delvigne revolver, the 1872 revolver used 10. 4mm rimfire cartridges. In 1878 the Swiss adopted the 10. 4mm centerfire for their new Model 1878 revolver and most of their 1872 revolvers were adapted to this cartridge, the Model 1878 was chambered specifically for a centerfire cartridge. Its mechanism is the Warnant system with a rebounding hammer modified by Lieutenant-Colonel Rudolf Schmidt, in contrast with the Model 1872, it has no loading gate but is designed to index the chambers of the cylinder with an ejector rod. They were manufactured in Switzerland by Waffenfabrik Bern, after 1882, they were replaced by the Schmidt M1882 service revolver
2. Bodeo Model 1889 – The Bodeo Model 1889 revolver was named after the head of the Italian firearm commission, Carlo Bodeo. It was produced by a variety of manufacturers between 1889 and 1931 in both Spain and Italy. The Bodeo was employed by the Royal Italian Army in World War I, the Interwar Italian colonial wars, the Bodeo comes in two distinct varieties with only superficial weapons differences. Made by a variety of Italian gun-makers, the Bodeo became the service revolver of the Italian Army in 1891. The revolver was named after the head of the Italian commission that recommended its adoption and it remained the principle handgun of the Italian Army until it was increasingly supplanted by the Glisenti Model 1910. The revolver was never declared obsolete and remained as a weapon until the end of World War II. During World War I, Spanish manufacturers Errasti and Arrostegui of Eibar produced the Bodeo for the Italian government, the Italians nicknamed this revolver coscia d’agnello. During World War II, the Wehrmacht designated the Bodeo as Revolver 680 when utilized as an alternative firearm, the Bodeo Model 1889 is a solid-framed, six-shot revolver. The revolver was designed in two versions, a round-barreled version designed with a trigger guard, and an octagonal-barreled version with a folding trigger. The octagonal-barreled version was produced for rank and file Italian soldiers, while the version was produced for non-commissioned officers. The folding trigger version was produced in greater numbers, the Bodeo was considered simple and robust. Due to the revolver being produced by a multitude of manufacturers, frames were made from a wide variety of materials ranging from brass to brazed copper plates. The gate was connected to the hammer with the barrel screwed into the frame, ejection was achieved by the rod normally housed in the hollow axis pin. The hammer block was designed to prevent firing unless the trigger was fully cocked, the Bodeo is featured in the Battlefield 1 video game as an unlockable handgun for the Scout class
3. British Bull Dog revolver – It featured a 2. 5-inch barrel and was chambered for.44 Short Rimfire.442 Webley, or.450 Adams cartridges, with a five-round cylinder. Webley produced smaller scaled.320 Revolver and.380 calibre versions later, the design of the British Bull Dog revolver had been in existence since 1868, but Henry Webley registered the trademark in 1878. From that time to the present, the term has come to any short barrelled double-action revolver with a swing-out ejector rod. Intended to be carried in a pocket, many have survived to the present day in good condition. The design originated in 1868 for the Webley Royal Irish Constabulary model revolver and was manufactured as late as 1917, numerous copies and variants of this design were made in Belfast, Belgium, Spain, Pakistan, France and the United States during the late 19th century. American copies were manufactured by the firms of Forehand & Wadsworth, belgian and American versions were produced in smaller calibres, but most large calibre American copies were chambered for the.44 Webley cartridge. The Bulldog was popular in Britain and America, US Army General George Armstrong Custer was said to have carried a pair at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. British Bull Dog revolvers were issued to employees of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company until 1895 and he used the revolver to shoot Garfield a week or so later in the Sixth Street Railway Station in Washington, D. C. After Guiteaus trial, the revolver was placed in the Smithsonian Institution, the large calibre British Bulldogs are now considered collectors pieces by some. Ammunition for these pistols is no longer commercially manufactured, fired in Anger, The Personal Handguns of American Heroes and Villains. Garden City, NY, Doubleday & Company
4. Elisha Collier – Elisha Haydon Collier of Boston invented a flintlock revolver around 1814. His weapon is one of the earliest true revolvers, in contrast to the earlier pepperboxes which were cumbersome and inaccurate multi-barreled guns prone to misfires, in addition to being single-action, Colliers revolver was self-priming, a compartment automatically released gunpowder into the pan when the hammer was cocked. It was patented in 1818, produced from 1819 by John Evans & Son of London, over 10,000 were made between 1819 and 1824. A single barrel allowed greater accuracy and a reload time while reducing unnecessary weight. However, its action was a serious drawback, flints were unreliable and had to be changed frequently. Samuel Colt saw weapons of this type while serving as a cabin boy aboard the brig Corvo in 1832, following his return from the Far East he was inspired to create his own caplock revolver, the Colt Paterson. In addition to handguns, Collier produced revolving shotguns and carbines in the 1820s, only 150 of these now rare guns were made. In the 1830s Collier invented a new boiler for steam ships and he wrote a book on the subject, which was published in 1836. In 1839 Collier designed a machine for mass-producing nails for the Globe Dock Factory, Rotherhithe, Collier lived in England from 1818 until 1850, when he returned to Boston, Massachusetts. By this time Colts cheaper mass-produced revolvers had supplanted his earlier, Collier is listed as having lived at 88 Eliot Street in an 1850 census, where he died on January 23,1856
5. Colt 1851 Navy Revolver – The Colt Revolving Belt Pistol of Naval Caliber, later known as the Colt 1851 Navy or Navy Revolver, is a cap and ball revolver that was designed by Samuel Colt between 1847 and 1850. Colt first called this Revolver Ranger model, but the designation Navy quickly took over, after the Civil War revolvers using fixed metallic cartridges came into widespread use. The Colt Navy remained in production until 1873, being replaced in the Colt line with what would become the manufacturers most famous handgun, as the factory designation implied, the Navy revolver was suitably sized for carrying in a belt holster. It became very popular in North America at the time of Western expansion, Colts aggressive promotions distributed the Navy and his other revolvers across Europe, Asia, and Africa. The cylinder of this revolver is engraved with a scene of the victory of the Second Texas Navy at the Battle of Campeche on May 16,1843, the engraving was provided by Waterman Ormsby. Despite the Navy designation, the revolver was purchased by civilians. The.36 caliber round ball weighs 80 grains and. A very small number of Navy revolvers were produced in.34 caliber, another rarity in the 1851 Navy production is the.40 caliber model, probably 5 were made 1858 for testing by the U. S. Navy Bureau of Ordnance. Sighting consists of a brass cone front sight pressed into the muzzle end of the top barrel flat with a notch in the top of the hammer. In spite of the crudity of the sighting arrangement, these revolvers. A small number of Model 1851 Navy revolvers was converted, using front-loaded, famous Navy users included Wild Bill Hickok, John Henry Doc Holliday, Richard Francis Burton, Ned Kelly, Bully Hayes, Richard H. Barter, Robert E. Lee, Nathan B. Use continued long after more modern cartridge revolvers were introduced, canadian issue 1851 Colts are stamped in the wooden grip upside down with letters U_C or L_C, a letter code for the unit, and the number of the weapon in that unit. E. g. U_C D21 This decodes as Upper Canada, D = Toronto Cavalry Troop, percussion Pistols and Revolvers, History, Performance and Practical Use. Famous Firearms of the Old West, From Wild Bill Hickoks Colt Revolvers to Geronimos Winchester, hounshell, David A. Sixguns, The Standard Reference Work. Roberts, Gary L. Doc Holliday, The Life and Legend, wilson, R. L. Colt, An American Legend. New York, London, Atabras, A Division of Abbeville Publishing Group
6. Colt Army Model 1860 – The Colt Army Model 1860 is a muzzle-loaded cap & ball. 44-caliber single-action revolver used during the American Civil War made by Colts Manufacturing Company. It was used as an arm by cavalry, infantry, artillery troops. The Colt 1860 Army uses the same frame as the.36 caliber 1851 Navy revolver. The frame is relieved to allow the use of a cylinder that enables the Army to be chambered in.44 caliber. The barrel on the 1860 Army has a cone that is visibly shorter than that of the 1851 Navy. Another distinguishing feature of the Colt 1860 Army, first introduced on the Colt 1855 Sidehammer Revolver, is the loading lever. More than 200,000 were manufactured from 1860 through 1873, Colts biggest customer was the US Government with no less than 129,730 units being purchased and issued to the troops. The weapon was a single-action, six-shot weapon accurate up to 75 to 100 yards, the rear sight was a notch in the hammer, only usable when the revolver was fully cocked. The Colt. 44-caliber “Army Model was the most widely used revolver of the Civil War and it had a six-shot, rotating cylinder, and fired a 0. The percussion cap, when struck by the hammer, ignited the powder charge, when fired, balls had a muzzle velocity of about 900 feet per second, although this depended on how much powder it was loaded with. The unfluted cylinder was rebated, meaning that the rear of the cylinder was turned to a smaller diameter than the front, the barrel was rounded and smoothed into the frame, as was the Navy Model. The frame, hammer, and rammer lever were case-hardened, the remainder blued, grips were of one-piece walnut, a distinguishing feature of the Model 1860 was that its frame had no top strap, or no component running above the cylinder. Instead, its strength came from the frame and the massive fixed cylinder pin. This made the gun slimmer and lighter than its competitor, the Remington Model 1858. The fixed cylinder pin also meant that the barrel had to be removed to remove the cylinder, unlike the Model 1858, according to importer Cimarron Arms Company, this was called the Texas Model because a number of them came into Texas shortly after secession. The goal was to use of silver spring steel of controlled carbon content and greater strength. Fluted cylinders had the patent date of Sept.10,1850 stamped in one of the flutes. Rebated cylinders above serial number 8000 were roller indented with a Texas Navy and Mexican battle scene, military 1860s had elongated screw lugs on the side of the frame to mount a detachable shoulder stock
7. Colt Dragoon Revolver – The Colt Model 1848 Percussion Army Revolver is a.44 caliber revolver designed by Samuel Colt for the U. S. Armys Regiment of Mounted Rifles. The revolver was issued to the Armys Dragoon Regiments. This revolver was designed as a solution to problems encountered with the Walker Colt. Although it was introduced after the Mexican-American War, it became popular among civilians during the 1850s and 1860s, the Colt Dragoon Revolver was produced with several variations between 1848 and 1860, when the Colt Model 1860 revolver replaced it. All the improvements in design of Colt revolvers were applied to the Dragoons as well to the models of Colt revolvers. Total production of Colt Dragoons including the 1,100 Walkers, from 1847 to 1860,19,800, for collectors, there are three different types. Between the Walker and the First model Dragoon, around 240 improved models were produced, barrel length 7 1/2 inch and their general appearance was to that of the production Dragoon models. These were produced late in 1847 and 1848, serial number range approximately 1100 through about 1340. Another distinctive detail were the very slender Slim Jim grips, Colt produced about 7,000 first models between 1848 and 1850. The Second Model has rectangular cylinder notches, until the no.10,000 the V-shaped mainspring was standard and then replaced with a flat leaf mainspring and a wheel on the hammer at its bearing on the mainspring. All the Second Model Dragoons have the squareback trigger guard, the company made about 2,550 Second Models in 1850 and 51. The Third Model Dragoon numbers stand at ten-thousand from 1851 through 1860 and this design had more variations as compared to its earlier counterparts. Some of the third model Colt Dragoon Revolvers had frame cuts for detachable shoulder stocks, horizontal loading lever latches, Third Colt Dragoon Revolvers had a round trigger guard. Government records showed an order for 8,390 Dragoons, other variants included the Colt 1848 Pocket Pistol now known as the Baby Dragoon, marketed in California with success during the Gold Rush days. With the addition of a loading lever this evolved into the 1849 pocket revolver, the Colt Dragoon Revolver had a comparatively shorter cylinder and held up to 50 grains of powder, whereas the Walker had used up to 60 grains of powder. The Dragoon Revolver had a barrel at 7.5 inches as compared to the 9 inches barrel on the Walker. A loading lever latch in front of the replaced the spring to keep the lever from dropping during recoil. These variations made the Colt Dragoon Revolver 4 pounds two ounces and these changes also reduced the risks of the Colt Dragoon Revolver from exploding when fired, unlike the risk that had been demonstrated with the Walker revolvers
8. Colt M1861 Navy – The Colt Model 1861 Navy cap & ball. 36-caliber revolver was a six-shot, single-action percussion weapon produced by Colts Manufacturing Company from 1861 until 1873. It incorporated the creeping or ratchet loading lever and round barrel of the. 44-caliber Army Model of 1860 but had a one half inch shorter. Like its forerunner, the Colt 1851 Navy Revolver, it saw use in the American Civil War and on the American Western frontier. It has the same specification as the earlier model, but with a rounded barrel. While similar in design to the Colt Army Model 1860, the recoil of the 1861 Navys.36 caliber was preferred by some cavalry soldiers. During the Civil War its main competitor in England was the Adams self-cocking revolver, the Adams fired a.49 caliber bullet and did not require the shooter to pull the hammer back. Colts revolver was popular because Colt mass-produced his weapons while Adams products were handmade by skilled artisans. In the United States, Colts main rival was the Remington Model 1858 revolver, there were few variations of the Model 1861 Navy Colt. Approximately 100 of the first guns made had fluted cylinders with no cylinder scene, with the exception of the first fifty or so of this model, all guns had a capping groove. A brass trigger guard and back strap, silver-plated, were standard, the cylinders of the Navy 1851 and 1861 Navy Colt revolvers are engraved with a scene of the victory of the Second Texas Navy at the Battle of Campeche on May 16,1843. The engraving was provided by Waterman Ormsby, the nitrated paper of the cartridge was completely consumed upon use, and the use of paper cartridges enabled faster re-loading. Alternatively, it was possible to load with measured powder charges
9. Colt M1877 – The Colt M1877 was a double-action revolver manufactured by Colts Patent Fire Arms from January 1877 to 1909 for a total of 166,849 revolvers. The Model 1877 was offered in three calibers, which lent them three unofficial names, the Lightning, the Thunderer, and the Rainmaker. The principal difference between the models was the cartridge in which they were chambered, the Lightning being chambered in.38 Long Colt, both models had a six-round ammunition capacity. An earlier model in.32 Colt known as the Rainmaker was offered in 1877, the M1877 was designed by one of the inventors of the M1873 Colt Single Action Army, William Mason, as Colts first attempt at manufacturing a double-action revolver. The M1877 was the first successful US-made double-action cartridge revolver, the M1877 was offered from the factory in two basic finishes, nickel-plated or a case-hardened frame with a blue barrel and cylinder. The revolver was available in lengths from 2.5 to 7.5 and was available with or without the ejector rod. The shorter barreled versions without the ejector rod were marketed as shopkeepers specials, neither Lightning nor Thunderer were Colt designations, nor used by the factory in any reference materials. Both terms were coined by Benjamin Kittredge, one of Colts major distributors, Kittredge was responsible for the terms Peacemaker for the Single Action Army, Omnipotent for the Colt M1878 double-action, and nicknames for the various chamberings of the New Line models. The M1877s early double-action mechanism proved to be intricate and delicate, and thus prone to breakage. The design had a reputation for failure and earned the nickname the gunsmiths favorite, because of the intricate design and difficulty of repair, gunsmiths to this day dislike working on them. Gun Digest referred to it as the worst double-action trigger mechanism ever made, typically, the trigger spring would fail and this would reduce the revolver to single-action fire only. Outwardly, the Model 1877 shows a resemblance to the Colt Single Action Army revolver, however it is scaled down slightly. The standard finishes were blued, with a frame or nickel plating. The birds head grips were of checkered rosewood on the early guns, the Lightning was the favored personal weapon of famous Manchester Victorian detective and then head of CID, Jerome Caminada. Old West outlaw John Wesley Hardin frequently used both Lightning and Thunderer versions of the Colt 1877 revolver, likewise the 1877 Thunderer in.41 caliber was the preferred weapon of Billy the Kid and was his weapon of choice when he was killed by Pat Garrett in 1881. The Colt Revolver in the American West—Model 1877 Lightning