Pages in category "Early revolvers"
The following 46 pages are in this category, out of 46 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 46 pages are in this category, out of 46 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. British Bull Dog revolver – It featured a 2. 5-inch barrel and was chambered for.44 Short Rimfire.442 Webley, or.450 Adams cartridges, with a five-round cylinder. Webley produced smaller scaled.320 Revolver and.380 calibre versions later, the design of the British Bull Dog revolver had been in existence since 1868, but Henry Webley registered the trademark in 1878. From that time to the present, the term has come to any short barrelled double-action revolver with a swing-out ejector rod. Intended to be carried in a pocket, many have survived to the present day in good condition. The design originated in 1868 for the Webley Royal Irish Constabulary model revolver and was manufactured as late as 1917, numerous copies and variants of this design were made in Belfast, Belgium, Spain, Pakistan, France and the United States during the late 19th century. American copies were manufactured by the firms of Forehand & Wadsworth, belgian and American versions were produced in smaller calibres, but most large calibre American copies were chambered for the.44 Webley cartridge. The Bulldog was popular in Britain and America, US Army General George Armstrong Custer was said to have carried a pair at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. British Bull Dog revolvers were issued to employees of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company until 1895 and he used the revolver to shoot Garfield a week or so later in the Sixth Street Railway Station in Washington, D. C. After Guiteaus trial, the revolver was placed in the Smithsonian Institution, the large calibre British Bulldogs are now considered collectors pieces by some. Ammunition for these pistols is no longer commercially manufactured, fired in Anger, The Personal Handguns of American Heroes and Villains. Garden City, NY, Doubleday & Company
2. Colt 1851 Navy Revolver – The Colt Revolving Belt Pistol of Naval Caliber, later known as the Colt 1851 Navy or Navy Revolver, is a cap and ball revolver that was designed by Samuel Colt between 1847 and 1850. Colt first called this Revolver Ranger model, but the designation Navy quickly took over, after the Civil War revolvers using fixed metallic cartridges came into widespread use. The Colt Navy remained in production until 1873, being replaced in the Colt line with what would become the manufacturers most famous handgun, as the factory designation implied, the Navy revolver was suitably sized for carrying in a belt holster. It became very popular in North America at the time of Western expansion, Colts aggressive promotions distributed the Navy and his other revolvers across Europe, Asia, and Africa. The cylinder of this revolver is engraved with a scene of the victory of the Second Texas Navy at the Battle of Campeche on May 16,1843, the engraving was provided by Waterman Ormsby. Despite the Navy designation, the revolver was purchased by civilians. The.36 caliber round ball weighs 80 grains and. A very small number of Navy revolvers were produced in.34 caliber, another rarity in the 1851 Navy production is the.40 caliber model, probably 5 were made 1858 for testing by the U. S. Navy Bureau of Ordnance. Sighting consists of a brass cone front sight pressed into the muzzle end of the top barrel flat with a notch in the top of the hammer. In spite of the crudity of the sighting arrangement, these revolvers. A small number of Model 1851 Navy revolvers was converted, using front-loaded, famous Navy users included Wild Bill Hickok, John Henry Doc Holliday, Richard Francis Burton, Ned Kelly, Bully Hayes, Richard H. Barter, Robert E. Lee, Nathan B. Use continued long after more modern cartridge revolvers were introduced, canadian issue 1851 Colts are stamped in the wooden grip upside down with letters U_C or L_C, a letter code for the unit, and the number of the weapon in that unit. E. g. U_C D21 This decodes as Upper Canada, D = Toronto Cavalry Troop, percussion Pistols and Revolvers, History, Performance and Practical Use. Famous Firearms of the Old West, From Wild Bill Hickoks Colt Revolvers to Geronimos Winchester, hounshell, David A. Sixguns, The Standard Reference Work. Roberts, Gary L. Doc Holliday, The Life and Legend, wilson, R. L. Colt, An American Legend. New York, London, Atabras, A Division of Abbeville Publishing Group
3. Colt Army Model 1860 – The Colt Army Model 1860 is a muzzle-loaded cap & ball. 44-caliber single-action revolver used during the American Civil War made by Colts Manufacturing Company. It was used as an arm by cavalry, infantry, artillery troops. The Colt 1860 Army uses the same frame as the.36 caliber 1851 Navy revolver. The frame is relieved to allow the use of a cylinder that enables the Army to be chambered in.44 caliber. The barrel on the 1860 Army has a cone that is visibly shorter than that of the 1851 Navy. Another distinguishing feature of the Colt 1860 Army, first introduced on the Colt 1855 Sidehammer Revolver, is the loading lever. More than 200,000 were manufactured from 1860 through 1873, Colts biggest customer was the US Government with no less than 129,730 units being purchased and issued to the troops. The weapon was a single-action, six-shot weapon accurate up to 75 to 100 yards, the rear sight was a notch in the hammer, only usable when the revolver was fully cocked. The Colt. 44-caliber “Army Model was the most widely used revolver of the Civil War and it had a six-shot, rotating cylinder, and fired a 0. The percussion cap, when struck by the hammer, ignited the powder charge, when fired, balls had a muzzle velocity of about 900 feet per second, although this depended on how much powder it was loaded with. The unfluted cylinder was rebated, meaning that the rear of the cylinder was turned to a smaller diameter than the front, the barrel was rounded and smoothed into the frame, as was the Navy Model. The frame, hammer, and rammer lever were case-hardened, the remainder blued, grips were of one-piece walnut, a distinguishing feature of the Model 1860 was that its frame had no top strap, or no component running above the cylinder. Instead, its strength came from the frame and the massive fixed cylinder pin. This made the gun slimmer and lighter than its competitor, the Remington Model 1858. The fixed cylinder pin also meant that the barrel had to be removed to remove the cylinder, unlike the Model 1858, according to importer Cimarron Arms Company, this was called the Texas Model because a number of them came into Texas shortly after secession. The goal was to use of silver spring steel of controlled carbon content and greater strength. Fluted cylinders had the patent date of Sept.10,1850 stamped in one of the flutes. Rebated cylinders above serial number 8000 were roller indented with a Texas Navy and Mexican battle scene, military 1860s had elongated screw lugs on the side of the frame to mount a detachable shoulder stock
4. Colt Dragoon Revolver – The Colt Model 1848 Percussion Army Revolver is a.44 caliber revolver designed by Samuel Colt for the U. S. Armys Regiment of Mounted Rifles. The revolver was issued to the Armys Dragoon Regiments. This revolver was designed as a solution to problems encountered with the Walker Colt. Although it was introduced after the Mexican-American War, it became popular among civilians during the 1850s and 1860s, the Colt Dragoon Revolver was produced with several variations between 1848 and 1860, when the Colt Model 1860 revolver replaced it. All the improvements in design of Colt revolvers were applied to the Dragoons as well to the models of Colt revolvers. Total production of Colt Dragoons including the 1,100 Walkers, from 1847 to 1860,19,800, for collectors, there are three different types. Between the Walker and the First model Dragoon, around 240 improved models were produced, barrel length 7 1/2 inch and their general appearance was to that of the production Dragoon models. These were produced late in 1847 and 1848, serial number range approximately 1100 through about 1340. Another distinctive detail were the very slender Slim Jim grips, Colt produced about 7,000 first models between 1848 and 1850. The Second Model has rectangular cylinder notches, until the no.10,000 the V-shaped mainspring was standard and then replaced with a flat leaf mainspring and a wheel on the hammer at its bearing on the mainspring. All the Second Model Dragoons have the squareback trigger guard, the company made about 2,550 Second Models in 1850 and 51. The Third Model Dragoon numbers stand at ten-thousand from 1851 through 1860 and this design had more variations as compared to its earlier counterparts. Some of the third model Colt Dragoon Revolvers had frame cuts for detachable shoulder stocks, horizontal loading lever latches, Third Colt Dragoon Revolvers had a round trigger guard. Government records showed an order for 8,390 Dragoons, other variants included the Colt 1848 Pocket Pistol now known as the Baby Dragoon, marketed in California with success during the Gold Rush days. With the addition of a loading lever this evolved into the 1849 pocket revolver, the Colt Dragoon Revolver had a comparatively shorter cylinder and held up to 50 grains of powder, whereas the Walker had used up to 60 grains of powder. The Dragoon Revolver had a barrel at 7.5 inches as compared to the 9 inches barrel on the Walker. A loading lever latch in front of the replaced the spring to keep the lever from dropping during recoil. These variations made the Colt Dragoon Revolver 4 pounds two ounces and these changes also reduced the risks of the Colt Dragoon Revolver from exploding when fired, unlike the risk that had been demonstrated with the Walker revolvers
5. Colt Paterson – The Colt Paterson is a revolver. It was the first commercial repeating firearm employing a revolving cylinder with multiple chambers aligned with a single, stationary barrel. Its design was patented by Samuel Colt on February 25,1836, in the United States, France, and England, initially this 5-shot revolver was produced in.28 caliber, with a.36 caliber model following a year later. As originally designed and produced, no loading lever was included with the revolver, starting in 1839, however, a reloading lever and a capping window were incorporated into the design, allowing reloading without requiring partial disassembly of the revolver. This loading lever and capping window design change was incorporated after the fact into most Colt Paterson revolvers that had been produced from 1836 until 1839. Unlike later revolvers, a trigger was incorporated into the Colt Paterson. The trigger only became visible upon cocking the hammer, a subsequent patent renewal in 1849, and aggressive litigation against infringements, gave Colt a domestic monopoly on revolver development until the middle 1850s. Early Colt literature and later publications insist that Colt was inspired to design the revolver in 1830 by viewing the steering mechanisms aboard the brig Corvo while bound from Boston to Calcutta. However, some believe he saw examples of the Collier Flintlock Revolver while touring the Tower after the Corvo docked on the River Thames, in any event, sometime while aboard the Corvo he produced a wooden model and further developed the concept during the early 1830s. A creditor and business associate, John Ehlers, continued manufacture, revolving pistols held five shots and varied from pocket to belt and holster designations based upon size and intended mode of carry. Calibers ranged from 28/100s through 36/100s-inch, the model most identified with the Paterson Colt designation is the Number 5 Holster or Texas Paterson, which was manufactured in.36 caliber. The early Colt revolvers were of single-action design, meaning that the trigger functioned only to discharge the weapon and it was necessary to manually cock the hammer prior to firing. The first Paterson Models required partial disassembly for loading and had no provision for safely carrying the revolver with all chambers loaded. Replace the cylinder, barrel, and wedge and with the hammer at half cock, the revolvers came with spare cylinders, and the practice of the day was to carry spare cylinders loaded and capped for fast reloading. Period users had few qualms about this even though it presented a real hazard of accidental discharge if the caps were struck or the cylinder dropped. The first two options were extremely dangerous, in 1839, a hinged loading lever and capping window became standard for new revolvers and was retrofitted to the older designs. So modified, the revolvers could be loaded without disassembly, when the Paterson revolvers with loading levers finally reached Texas in 1842, Texas Ranger Captain John Coffee Hays was very pleased that his ranging companies could now reload from horseback. To fire the Paterson, the shooter thumbed the hammer back and this also caused the folding trigger to drop down from the frame into firing position
6. Colt Single Action Army – The Colt SAA has been offered in over 30 different calibers and various barrel lengths. Its overall appearance has remained consistent since 1873, Colt has discontinued its production twice, but brought it back due to popular demand. The revolver was popular with ranchers, lawmen, and outlaws alike and its design has influenced the production of numerous other models from other companies. The Colt SAA revolver is a piece of Americana, known as The Gun That Won the West. For the design, Colt turned to two of its best engineers, William Mason and Charles Brinckerhoff Richards who had developed a number of revolvers and black powder conversions for the company. Their effort was designed for the United States government service revolver trials of 1872 by Colts Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company, production began in 1873 with the Single Action Army model 1873, also referred to as the New Model Army Metallic Cartridge Revolving Pistol. The very first production Single Action Army, serial number 1, thought lost for years after its production, was found in a barn in Nashua. It was chambered in.45 Colt, a centerfire design containing charges of up to 40 grains of fine-grained black powder, relative to period cartridges and most later handgun rounds, it was quite powerful in its full loading. The Colt Single Action Army revolver, along with the 1870 and 1875 Smith & Wesson Model 3 Schofield revolver, the Colt.45 is a famous piece of American history, known as The Gun That Won the West. The Single Action Army became available in barrel lengths of 4¾, 5½ as well as the Cavalry standard. The shorter barrelled revolvers are sometimes called the Civilian or Gunfighter model, there was also a variant with a sub 4 barrel, without an ejector rod unofficially referred to as the Sheriffs Model, Bankers Special, or Storekeeper. From 1875 until 1880 Colt marketed a single-action revolver in.44 rimfire Henry caliber in a number range from no.1 to 1,863. A Flattop Target Model was listed in Colts catalogs from 1890 to 1898, Colt manufactured 914 of these revolvers with a frame which was flat on top and fitted with an adjustable leaf rear sight. The front sight consisted of a base with an interchangeable blade, in 1920, larger, highly visible sights replaced the original thin blade and notch. The revolvers remained essentially unchanged from that point until cessation of manufacture at the beginning of World War II, from 1873 through 1940, production of the Colt Single Action Army reached 357,859. This is identified as the Pre War or First Generation of the model, calibers, at least thirty in all, ranged from.22 rimfire through.476 Eley, with approximately half, or 158,884, chambered for.45 Colt. The next most prevalent were the. 44-40 Winchester Center fire at 71,392, 38-40 at 50,520, 32-20 Winchester at 43,284 and, the 41 Colt at 19,676. All original, good condition, U. S. Cavalry and Artillery Single Action Armies are among the most valuable to collectors, especially valuable, often going for well over $10,000, are the OWA and the rare Henry Nettleton inspected Single Action Army Colts
7. LeMat Revolver – It saw service with the armed forces of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War of 1861–65 and the Army of the Government of National Defense during the Franco-Prussian War. This unique sidearm was also known as the Grape Shot Revolver and it was developed in New Orleans in 1856 by Jean Alexander Le Mat, whose manufacturing effort was backed by P. G. T. Beauregard, who became a general in the Confederate States Army. Fewer than 100 were made by John Krider of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1859 and it is estimated that 2,900 were produced in Liége, Belgium and Paris, France. The European made pistols were shipped through Birmingham, England, where they were proofmarked, approximately 900 revolvers were shipped to the Confederate States Army and 600 to the Confederate States Navy through Bermuda to avoid the Southern Naval Blockade. The distinguishing characteristic of LeMats revolver is that its 9-shot cylinder revolves around a central barrel of larger caliber than the chambers in the cylinder proper. LeMat originally chambered his pistol for.40 caliber revolver bullets, with a.60 smooth-bore barrel, and had a jointed ramrod, LeMat hoped to market his adaptable revolver as a primary sidearm for dragoons and other mounted troops. He entered into a partnership with P. G. T, Beauregard in April 1859 to market his handgun to the U. S. Army. Beauregard, besides being LeMats cousin, was one of the first U. S. Army officers to resign, Confederate gun runners were able to slip shipments of the gun through the Union naval blockade and it is estimated that about 2,500 made it into Confederate service. In addition to General Beauregard and Colonel LeMat, LeMat’s revolver was used by such famous Confederate officers as Major Generals Braxton Bragg, stuart, Richard H. Anderson, and Major Henry Wirz. Confederate Major General J. E. B, stuart was known to favor the LeMat revolver. General Beauregards personal engraved LeMat, which he carried throughout the war, is preserved at the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond, the LeMat revolver was manufactured from 1856 to 1865, with approximately 2,900 being produced. The first models were manufactured by John Krider of Philadelphia, with the model being produced by Charles Frederic Girard. Quality concerns prompted LeMat to consider production at the Birmingham Small Arms Company in Birmingham, England, LeMat revolvers from France were shipped to the Confederate States forces via the United Kingdom, and all firearms landed in the UK were required to be proofed. S. The original revolver, constructed of blued steel with grips of checkered walnut, was not considered to be an accurate weapon although it was deadly at close range. Civil War cavalrymen, particularly in the South, preferred to carry pistols, as it was faster to draw another loaded weapon than it was to try to reload a cap. After the introduction of cartridge-firing firearms, the LeMat system appeared in pinfire, a centerfire version in 12mm Perrin or 11mm Chamelot-Delvigne, with a 24 gauge shot barrel, was made in later years in Belgium. While having better sales than its relative, the centerfire LeMat also had no real commercial success due to the invention of the double-action system. With both weapons, loading was accomplished via a gate located at the 4 oclock position for the cylinder
8. Merwin Hulbert – Merwin, Hulbert, and Co. or Merwin Hulbert was an American firearms designer and marketer based in New York City which produced revolvers and rifles from 1876 through 1916. The firearms were manufactured by a company, Hopkins & Allen of Norwich. Merwin Hulberts designs had influenced other gunmakers of the time, such as Meriden Firearms Co. Harrington & Richardson, Forehand & Wadsworth, during the late 19th century, Merwin Hulbert revolvers were used by police departments of many cities in the eastern United States. Joseph Merwin was involved with marketing and manufacturing revolvers as early as 1856 when he formed a company known as Merwin & Bray. In 1876 Merwin formed a partnership with William and Milan Hulbert, Merwin and Hulbert not only designed firearms, but imported firearms, and retailed firearms and other goods in a large sporting goods endeavor. Merwin and Hulbert additionally purchased several firearms manufacturers, the company made numerous innovative designs such as folding hammers on their revolvers for pocket carry and a unique takedown system, but was plagued by financial missteps. Payment for three sizable shipments to Russia were never realized, the bankruptcy of subsidiary Evans Rifle Company cost Merwin and Hulbert $100,000. A company associated literally stole the firms operating capital and disappeared, during 1880–1881, Merwin and Hulbert was in receivership, though it was able to recover. After Merwins death in 1888, the became known as Hulbert Brothers & Company. Hulbert Brothers declared bankruptcy in 1894 and in 1896 it was liquidated, Hopkins & Allen continued to manufacture Merwin Hulbert marked guns until 1916 when it went bankrupt and was bought the following year by Marlin Firearms. In 2010 it was announced that the name of the company had purchased as well as all of the designs. Blank plans to reintroduce the revolvers made on machinery with modern materials. In 2012, the revived Merwin Hulbert company was bought by Sharps Rifle Company, potential buyers were encouraged to send in deposits. However, none of those potential buyers ever received a firearm, Merwin Hulbert manufactured both single-action and double-action revolvers. Merwin Hulberts innovation was a rotating barrel design which allowed the user to rotate the barrel 90 degrees in order to pull the barrel, the Merwin Hulbert revolvers were considered to be the strongest revolvers during the time period in which they were made by Arthur Corbin Gould. During the twisting motion, the empty case could be extracted, any intact cartridge would remain in the chamber due to the additional length of the bullet. In addition to this unique case extraction system, pressing a lever control when the frame was open for extraction allowed the owner to completely remove the barrel. Note, early models also required pushing out a barrel wedge similar in function to Colt percussion revolvers and this not only facilitated cleaning, but allowed the owner to swap barrels, allowing for a shorter concealed carry and longer field weapon in one
9. Nagant M1895 – The Nagant M1895 Revolver is a seven-shot, gas-seal revolver designed and produced by Belgian industrialist Léon Nagant for the Russian Empire. The Nagant M1895 was chambered for a cartridge,7. The Nagant M1895 was adopted as the standard side arm for the Imperial Russian Army and police officers. Production began in Liège, Belgium, however Russia purchased the rights in 1898, and moved production to the Tula Arsenal in Russia. Until 1918 it was produced in two versions, a version for officers, and a cheaper single-action version for the ranks. It continued to be used after the Russian Revolution by the Red Army, the common Russian name for the revolver, наган became synonymous with the concept of the revolver in general and was applied to such weapons regardless of actual make or model. As early 1933 the M1895 had started to be replaced by the Tokarev semi-automatic pistol but was never fully replaced until the Makarov pistol in 1952. It was still produced and used in great numbers during World War II and remained in use with the Russian Railways, postal service, in the Russian Federation, it was only retired from use with postal security service in 2003, and from bailiff security service in 2009. Expensive revolvers such as Korth and Manurhin are hand-fitted, keeping the gap to a minimum, mass-produced revolvers such as Smith & Wesson may have a gap as large as 0.25 mm. The M1895 by contrast, has a mechanism which, as the hammer is cocked, first turns the cylinder and then moves it forward, the cartridge, also unique, plays an important part in sealing the gun to the escape of propellant gases. The bullet is seated, entirely within the cartridge case. The barrel features a conical section at its rear, this accepts the mouth of the cartridge. The Nagant M1895 was made in both single-action and double-action models before and during World War I, they are known colloquially as the “Privates model”, production of the single-action model seems to have stopped after 1918, with some exceptions, including examples made for target competition. Most single-action revolvers were converted to double-action, making original single-action revolvers rather rare. Whether fired in action or double action, the Nagant M1895 has a markedly heavy trigger pull. The M1895 revolver was used extensively by the Russian Imperial Army, in Russian service, it was known for its extreme sturdiness and ability to withstand abuse. As one former Imperial Russian officer stated, if anything went wrong with the M1895 and it was widely employed by the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, as well as its Soviet successor agencies, the OGPU and NKVD. Seven Nagant revolvers were used by communist revolutionaries to murder the Russian imperial family, in the police role, it was frequently seen with a cut-down barrel to aid in concealment by plainclothes agents
10. Remington Model 1858 – It is commonly, though inaccurately, referred to as the Model 1858 due to the patent markings on its cylinder, PATENTED SEPT. REMINGTON & SONS, ILION, NEW YORK, U. S. A. /NEW MODEL, although wide scale production did not start until 1861. The Remington revolver was a secondary, supplemental issue firearm for the Union Army until the Colt factory fire of 1864. Due to the fire the Colt 1860 Army was not available for some time and it was more expensive, by 50 cents, than the Colt, but those who could afford it remarked on its durability and ability to quickly reload by switching to another pre-loaded cylinder. It saw use in the American West, both in its original configuration and as a metallic cartridge conversion, as well as around the world. The Remington is a single-action, six-shot, percussion revolver produced by E. Remington & Sons, Ilion, the Remington Army revolver is large-framed, in.44 caliber, with an 8 inch barrel length. The Remington Navy revolver is slightly smaller framed than the Army, there were three progressive models made, the Remington-Beals Army & Navy, the 1861 Army & Navy, and the New Model Army & Navy. The three models are identical in size and appearance. Subtle but noticeable differences in hammers, loading levers, and cylinders help identify each model, the 1861 Remington actually transitioned into New Model appearance by late 1862, slowly transforming throughout 1862, due to continual improvement suggestions from the U. S. Ordnance Department. Combustible cartridge velocities averaged from 700 to 900 feet per second, depending on quality, charge. The special powder and minimal charge reduced black powder fouling, allowing revolvers to be fired as much as possible before cleaning was necessary, the Remington revolver owes its durability to the “topstrap”, solid-frame design. The design is stronger and less prone to stretching than the Colt revolvers of the same era. The internal lockwork of the Remington is somewhat simpler in construction, while the Colt employs separate screws for the hand and trigger, those components share the same through-frame screw in the Remington design. Another innovative feature was safety slots milled between chambers on the cylinder, the milled slot positively secured the hammer between chambers for safe carry by preventing accidental cylinder rotation. Most 19th-century revolver designs lacked such safety features, early Whitney revolvers, for example, were similar to the Remington but lacked the safety slots. The Remington revolver permitted easy cylinder removal, allowing a quick reload with a spare pre-loaded cylinder and it is, however, unlikely that this was common practice during the period. Spare cylinders were not provided by the Army, in 1868, Remington began offering five shot metallic cartridge conversions of the revolver in.46 rimfire. Remington paid a royalty fee to Smith & Wesson, owners of the Rollin White patent on bored-through revolver cylinders for metallic cartridge use, the Remington Army cartridge-conversions were the first large-caliber cartridge revolvers available, beating even Smith & Wessons.44 American to market by nearly two years